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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Portland, ME [2360545]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Portland is located in Cumberland County (23005). The population of Portland changed from 66,093 in 2010 to 66,937 in 2016; a change of 844 (1.3%). The county population changed from 281,484 to 292,041, a change of 10,557 (3.8%) during the same period.

Portland is located in the Portland-South Portland, ME MSA (CBSA 38860). The CBSA population changed from 513,920 to 529,657 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 15,737 (3.1%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 104th based on 2016 population, 137th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 298th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 1-year estimates, the total resident population was 66,872. The population of one race include 84.5% White alone, 7.5% Black alone, 0.1% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 3.0% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 3.0% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 34,749 total housing units, 30,427 were occupied housing units (households) or 87.6% of total units. Of the 13,082 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $267,100. Of the 13,082 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $1,000. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 13,816 family households, 11.2% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 15.5% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $52,139 with median family income of $80,816. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 13,817 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 4,628 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 50,620 population 25 years and over, 95.0% were high school graduates and 50.0% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Portland, MECumberland County Maine
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 66,093   281,484   1,327,730  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 66,173 0.12 282,767 0.46 1,328,231 0.04
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 66,280 0.16 284,133 0.48 1,328,895 0.05
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 66,438 0.24 286,124 0.70 1,329,076 0.01
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 66,735 0.45 288,258 0.75 1,330,719 0.12
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 66,872 0.21 290,464 0.77 1,329,453 -0.10
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 66,937 0.10 292,041 0.54 1,331,479 0.15
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Portland, MECumberland County Maine
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 66,872 100.0 289,977 100.0 1,329,328 100.0
      Male 31,480 47.1 140,515 48.5 651,030 49.0
      Female 35,392 52.9 149,462 51.5 678,298 51.0
             
      Under 5 years 3,155 4.7 14,312 4.9 63,852 4.8
      5 to 9 years 2,654 4.0 16,447 5.7 69,349 5.2
      10 to 14 years 2,721 4.1 14,710 5.1 74,920 5.6
      15 to 19 years 2,791 4.2 18,358 6.3 81,043 6.1
      20 to 24 years 4,931 7.4 18,337 6.3 78,924 5.9
      25 to 34 years 13,737 20.5 37,304 12.9 151,964 11.4
      35 to 44 years 7,389 11.0 35,367 12.2 152,672 11.5
      45 to 54 years 9,289 13.9 43,466 15.0 196,149 14.8
      55 to 59 years 5,381 8.0 21,595 7.4 110,275 8.3
      60 to 64 years 4,159 6.2 21,137 7.3 99,612 7.5
      65 to 74 years 6,241 9.3 28,352 9.8 146,641 11.0
      75 to 84 years 2,486 3.7 14,256 4.9 71,903 5.4
      85 years and over 1,938 2.9 6,336 2.2 32,024 2.4
             
      Median age (years) 40.3 ... 42.4 ... 44.6  
             
      18 years and over 56,826 85.0 234,190 80.8 1,073,469 80.8
      21 years and over 54,836 82.0 222,650 76.8 1,021,983 76.9
      62 years and over 13,156 19.7 61,241 21.1 309,631 23.3
      65 years and over 10,665 15.9 48,944 16.9 250,568 18.8
             
      18 years and over 56,826 85.0 234,190 80.8 1,073,469 80.8
        Male 27,117 40.6 112,348 38.7 518,899 39.0
        Female 29,709 44.4 121,842 42.0 554,570 41.7
             
      65 years and over 10,665 15.9 48,944 16.9 250,568 18.8
        Male 4,337 6.5 21,396 7.4 113,265 8.5
        Female 6,328 9.5 27,548 9.5 137,303 10.3
             
 RACE            
    Total population 66,872 100.0 289,977 100.0 1,329,328 100.0
      One race 63,642 95.2 281,792 97.2 1,298,735 97.7
      Two or more races 3,230 4.8 8,185 2.8 30,593 2.3
             
    One race 63,642 95.2 281,792 97.2 1,298,735 97.7
      White 56,526 84.5 267,044 92.1 1,258,074 94.6
      Black or African American 5,003 7.5 7,510 2.6 14,795 1.1
      American Indian and Alaska Native 46 0.1 574 0.2 8,966 0.7
        Cherokee tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 -2 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 -2 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 -2 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 -2 0.0
      Asian 1,984 3.0 5,844 2.0 13,291 1.0
        Asian Indian -2 0.0 1,579 0.5 3,084 0.2
        Chinese -2 0.0 575 0.2 2,924 0.2
        Filipino -2 0.0 1,572 0.5 2,481 0.2
        Japanese -2 0.0 146 0.1 528 0.0
        Korean -2 0.0 333 0.1 1,065 0.1
        Vietnamese -2 0.0 221 0.1 691 0.1
        Other Asian -2 0.0 1,418 0.5 2,518 0.2
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0 0.0 0 0.0 652 0.0
        Native Hawaiian -2 0.0 -2 0.0 -2 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro -2 0.0 -2 0.0 -2 0.0
        Samoan -2 0.0 -2 0.0 -2 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander -2 0.0 -2 0.0 -2 0.0
      Some other race 83 0.1 820 0.3 2,957 0.2
    Two or more races 3,230 4.8 8,185 2.8 30,593 2.3
      White and Black or African American -2 0.0 2,833 1.0 5,760 0.4
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native -2 0.0 1,800 0.6 14,950 1.1
      White and Asian -2 0.0 2,419 0.8 5,669 0.4
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native -2 0.0 42 0.0 708 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 66,872 100.0 289,977 100.0 1,329,328 100.0
      White 59,722 89.3 275,120 94.9 1,287,136 96.8
      Black or African American 5,750 8.6 10,597 3.7 22,545 1.7
      American Indian and Alaska Native 662 1.0 2,745 0.9 25,532 1.9
      Asian 3,696 5.5 8,712 3.0 20,439 1.5
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,676 0.1
      Some other race -2 0.0 1,313 0.5 4,223 0.3
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 66,872 100.0 289,977 100.0 1,329,328 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 2,031 3.0 5,748 2.0 20,152 1.5
        Mexican -2 0.0 1,755 0.6 5,355 0.4
        Puerto Rican -2 0.0 1,825 0.6 5,808 0.4
        Cuban -2 0.0 224 0.1 1,579 0.1
        Other Hispanic or Latino -2 0.0 1,944 0.7 7,410 0.6
      Not Hispanic or Latino 64,841 97.0 284,229 98.0 1,309,176 98.5
        White alone 55,281 82.7 263,561 90.9 1,244,002 93.6
        Black or African American alone 4,793 7.2 6,915 2.4 13,854 1.0
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 46 0.1 471 0.2 8,490 0.6
        Asian alone 1,984 3.0 5,709 2.0 13,086 1.0
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0 0.0 0 0.0 569 0.0
        Some other race alone 0 0.0 163 0.1 423 0.0
        Two or more races 2,737 4.1 7,410 2.6 28,752 2.2
         Two races including Some other race 0 0.0 0 0.0 139 0.0
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 2,737 4.1 7,410 2.6 28,613 2.2
             
    Total housing units 34,749 ... 140,879 ... 729,392  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 53,502 80.0 228,286 78.7 1,056,410 79.5
      Male 25,363 37.9 109,623 37.8 511,373 38.5
      Female 28,139 42.1 118,663 40.9 545,037 41.0
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Portland, MECumberland County Maine
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 30,427 100.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      Family households (families) 13,816 45.4 70,885 61.4 342,926 62.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 5,219 17.2 28,830 25.0 126,257 23.2
      Married-couple family 10,836 35.6 56,238 48.7 264,442 48.5
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 3,412 11.2 20,131 17.4 79,988 14.7
      Male householder, no wife present, family 841 2.8 4,543 3.9 24,875 4.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 435 1.4 2,623 2.3 14,660 2.7
      Female householder, no husband present, family 2,139 7.0 10,104 8.8 53,609 9.8
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 1,372 4.5 6,076 5.3 31,609 5.8
      Nonfamily households 16,611 54.6 44,493 38.6 202,300 37.1
        Householder living alone 12,237 40.2 34,487 29.9 161,353 29.6
         65 years and over 4,033 13.3 14,502 12.6 71,375 13.1
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 5,548 18.2 30,712 26.6 139,007 25.5
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 7,593 25.0 33,904 29.4 175,649 32.2
             
      Average household size 2.13 ... 2.44 ... 2.37  
      Average family size 2.90 ... 3.01 ... 2.89  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 64,751 100.0 281,436 100.0 1,293,531 100.0
      Householder 30,427 47.0 115,378 41.0 545,226 42.2
      Spouse 10,909 16.8 56,211 20.0 264,609 20.5
      Child 13,079 20.2 74,540 26.5 324,686 25.1
      Other relatives 2,209 3.4 11,710 4.2 60,003 4.6
      Nonrelatives 8,127 12.6 23,597 8.4 99,007 7.7
        Unmarried partner 3,108 4.8 10,055 3.6 48,217 3.7
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 27,612 100.0 117,451 100.0 543,626 100.0
      Never married 12,033 43.6 41,142 35.0 174,163 32.0
      Now married, except separated 11,263 40.8 58,329 49.7 279,406 51.4
      Separated 331 1.2 1,301 1.1 5,827 1.1
      Widowed 603 2.2 1,949 1.7 15,442 2.8
      Divorced 3,382 12.2 14,730 12.5 68,788 12.7
             
    Females 15 years and over 30,730 100.0 127,057 100.0 577,581 100.0
      Never married 12,013 39.1 36,991 29.1 147,730 25.6
      Now married, except separated 11,473 37.3 59,452 46.8 277,067 48.0
      Separated 133 0.4 701 0.6 7,583 1.3
      Widowed 2,617 8.5 10,365 8.2 57,673 10.0
      Divorced 4,494 14.6 19,548 15.4 87,528 15.2
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months -2 ... 1,611 100.0 11,600 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) -2 ... 321 19.9 4,304 37.1
        Per 1,000 unmarried women -2 ... 8 0.5 26 0.2
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old -2 ... 24 1.5 40 0.3
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old -2 ... 0 0.0 10 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old -2 ... 50 3.1 80 0.7
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old -2 ... 7 0.4 14 0.1
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years -2 ... -2 ... 20,432 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren -2 ... -2 ... 8,053 39.4
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year -2 ... -2 ... 2,208 10.8
        1 or 2 years -2 ... -2 ... 1,750 8.6
        3 or 4 years -2 ... -2 ... 1,452 7.1
        5 or more years -2 ... -2 ... 2,643 12.9
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years -2 ... -2 ... 8,053 100.0
      Who are female -2 ... 651 ... 5,009 62.2
      Who are married -2 ... -2 ... 5,460 67.8
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 13,817 100.0 65,255 100.0 289,749 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 635 4.6 3,005 4.6 13,925 4.8
      Kindergarten 184 1.3 3,367 5.2 14,119 4.9
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 4,444 32.2 24,965 38.3 114,020 39.4
      High school (grades 9-12) 2,329 16.9 13,597 20.8 65,125 22.5
      College or graduate school 6,225 45.1 20,321 31.1 82,560 28.5
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 50,620 100.0 207,813 100.0 961,240 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 1,224 2.4 2,642 1.3 27,176 2.8
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 1,296 2.6 5,809 2.8 52,423 5.5
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 10,567 20.9 52,618 25.3 314,332 32.7
      Some college, no degree 8,345 16.5 34,074 16.4 184,421 19.2
      Associate's degree 3,869 7.6 17,102 8.2 93,335 9.7
      Bachelor's degree 14,524 28.7 61,048 29.4 187,513 19.5
      Graduate or professional degree 10,795 21.3 34,520 16.6 102,040 10.6
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 95.00 ... 95.90 ... 91.70  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 50.00 ... 46.00 ... 30.10  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 56,672 100.0 233,661 100.0 1,071,677 100.0
      Civilian veterans 3,666 6.5 19,698 8.4 107,088 10.0
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 65,747 100.0 286,532 100.0 1,314,849 100.0
      With a disability 8,900 13.5 32,604 11.4 214,706 16.3
             
    Under 18 years 10,025 15.2 55,694 19.4 255,319 19.4
      With a disability 219 0.3 2,841 1.0 16,831 1.3
             
    18 to 64 years 45,378 69.0 183,170 63.9 816,194 62.1
      With a disability 5,510 8.4 17,612 6.1 115,013 8.7
             
    65 years and over 10,344 15.7 47,668 16.6 243,336 18.5
      With a disability 3,171 4.8 12,151 4.2 82,862 6.3
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 66,298 100.0 287,569 100.0 1,317,444 100.0
      Same house 52,103 78.6 241,505 84.0 1,127,394 85.6
      Different house in the U.S. 13,686 20.6 44,708 15.5 186,394 14.1
        Same county 9,213 13.9 28,852 10.0 114,604 8.7
        Different county 4,473 6.7 15,856 5.5 71,790 5.4
         Same state 1,444 2.2 7,590 2.6 41,667 3.2
         Different state 3,029 4.6 8,266 2.9 30,123 2.3
      Abroad 509 0.8 1,356 0.5 3,656 0.3
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 66,872 100.0 289,977 100.0 1,329,328 100.0
      Native 57,643 86.2 272,598 94.0 1,284,634 96.6
        Born in United States 57,121 85.4 269,871 93.1 1,271,227 95.6
         State of residence 32,464 48.5 165,721 57.1 851,603 64.1
         Different state 24,657 36.9 104,150 35.9 419,624 31.6
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 522 0.8 2,727 0.9 13,407 1.0
      Foreign born 9,229 13.8 17,379 6.0 44,694 3.4
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 9,229 100.0 17,379 100.0 44,694 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 5,018 54.4 10,541 60.7 25,556 57.2
      Not a U.S. citizen 4,211 45.6 6,838 39.3 19,138 42.8
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 9,751 100.0 20,106 100.0 58,101 100.0
             
      Native 522 5.4 2,727 13.6 13,407 23.1
        Entered 2010 or later 0 0.0 56 0.3 1,416 2.4
        Entered before 2010 522 5.4 2,671 13.3 11,991 20.6
             
      Foreign born 9,229 94.6 17,379 86.4 44,694 76.9
        Entered 2010 or later 3,535 36.3 4,099 20.4 8,626 14.8
        Entered before 2010 5,694 58.4 13,280 66.0 36,068 62.1
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea -2 ... -2 ... 44,694 100.0
      Europe -2 ... -2 ... 10,734 24.0
      Asia -2 ... -2 ... 13,430 30.0
      Africa -2 ... -2 ... 5,791 13.0
      Oceania -2 ... -2 ... 413 0.9
      Latin America -2 ... -2 ... 4,580 10.2
      Northern America -2 ... -2 ... 9,746 21.8
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 63,717 100.0 275,665 100.0 1,265,476 100.0
      English only 53,634 84.2 255,408 92.7 1,188,476 93.9
      Language other than English 10,083 15.8 20,257 7.3 77,000 6.1
        Speak English less than "very well" 5,062 7.9 7,104 2.6 20,331 1.6
      Spanish -2 0.0 3,321 1.2 10,705 0.8
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 303 0.1 1,741 0.1
      Other Indo-European languages -2 0.0 10,244 3.7 50,293 4.0
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 3,430 1.2 10,892 0.9
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages -2 0.0 3,134 1.1 8,092 0.6
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 1,214 0.4 3,890 0.3
      Other languages -2 0.0 3,558 1.3 7,910 0.6
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 2,157 0.8 3,808 0.3
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 66,872 100.0 289,977 100.0 1,329,328 100.0
      American 3,401 5.1 14,292 4.9 100,076 7.5
      Arab 1,104 1.7 2,981 1.0 6,062 0.5
      Czech 220 0.3 676 0.2 2,589 0.2
      Danish 226 0.3 3,172 1.1 7,061 0.5
      Dutch 828 1.2 3,106 1.1 12,587 0.9
      English 11,583 17.3 61,521 21.2 279,077 21.0
      French (except Basque) 5,201 7.8 35,390 12.2 198,866 15.0
      French Canadian 3,929 5.9 16,480 5.7 103,402 7.8
      German 5,258 7.9 26,375 9.1 105,980 8.0
      Greek 919 1.4 1,574 0.5 7,153 0.5
      Hungarian 764 1.1 1,132 0.4 3,503 0.3
      Irish 13,900 20.8 60,362 20.8 232,445 17.5
      Italian 6,261 9.4 24,697 8.5 72,318 5.4
      Lithuanian 320 0.5 928 0.3 4,311 0.3
      Norwegian 693 1.0 3,010 1.0 13,653 1.0
      Polish 1,771 2.6 8,479 2.9 30,918 2.3
      Portuguese 521 0.8 2,152 0.7 9,937 0.7
      Russian 1,124 1.7 3,391 1.2 9,357 0.7
      Scotch-Irish 963 1.4 6,001 2.1 21,248 1.6
      Scottish 3,470 5.2 16,453 5.7 68,990 5.2
      Slovak 90 0.1 483 0.2 1,777 0.1
      Subsaharan African 3,319 5.0 3,910 1.3 5,953 0.4
      Swedish 1,319 2.0 5,136 1.8 22,376 1.7
      Swiss 88 0.1 733 0.3 2,482 0.2
      Ukrainian 287 0.4 892 0.3 2,506 0.2
      Welsh 632 0.9 2,035 0.7 9,112 0.7
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 809 1.2 1,877 0.6 3,232 0.2
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households 30,427 100.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      With a computer 26,809 88.1 104,678 90.7 473,574 86.9
      With a broadband Internet subscription 23,791 78.2 96,059 83.3 420,600 77.1
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Portland, MECumberland County Maine
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 57,683 100.0 241,039 100.0 1,103,834 100.0
      In labor force 40,088 69.5 163,660 67.9 687,008 62.2
        Civilian labor force 39,934 69.2 163,131 67.7 685,216 62.1
         Employed 38,099 66.0 156,642 65.0 648,414 58.7
         Unemployed 1,835 3.2 6,489 2.7 36,802 3.3
        Armed Forces 154 0.3 529 0.2 1,792 0.2
      Not in labor force 17,595 30.5 77,379 32.1 416,826 37.8
             
    Civilian labor force 39,934 69.2 163,131 67.7 685,216 62.1
      Unemployment Rate 4.6 ... 4.0 ... 5.4  
             
    Females 16 years and over 30,213 52.4 125,283 52.0 569,842 51.6
      In labor force 20,177 35.0 81,307 33.7 335,084 30.4
        Civilian labor force 20,177 35.0 81,307 33.7 335,024 30.4
         Employed 19,385 33.6 77,973 32.3 320,927 29.1
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 3,300 5.7 16,377 6.8 74,262 6.7
      All parents in family in labor force 2,235 3.9 11,691 4.9 49,924 4.5
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 6,400 11.1 37,807 15.7 164,570 14.9
      All parents in family in labor force 4,666 8.1 28,988 12.0 120,653 10.9
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 37,680 100.0 154,347 100.0 636,271 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 26,220 69.6 123,717 80.2 506,801 79.7
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 2,773 7.4 8,856 5.7 55,341 8.7
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 881 2.3 2,414 1.6 4,045 0.6
      Walked 4,711 12.5 7,390 4.8 24,332 3.8
      Other means 1,006 2.7 2,681 1.7 9,264 1.5
      Worked at home 2,089 5.5 9,289 6.0 36,488 5.7
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 19 ... 22 ... 24  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 38,099 100.0 156,642 100.0 648,414 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 17,198 45.1 69,254 44.2 236,807 36.5
      Service occupations 7,356 19.3 24,906 15.9 115,264 17.8
      Sales and office occupations 9,524 25.0 38,323 24.5 154,108 23.8
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 1,455 3.8 12,571 8.0 68,747 10.6
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 2,566 6.7 11,588 7.4 73,488 11.3
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 38,099 100.0 156,642 100.0 648,414 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 484 1.3 1,909 1.2 17,435 2.7
      Construction 969 2.5 9,251 5.9 46,879 7.2
      Manufacturing 2,183 5.7 11,972 7.6 60,634 9.4
      Wholesale trade 714 1.9 4,390 2.8 13,645 2.1
      Retail trade 3,855 10.1 18,749 12.0 84,900 13.1
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 1,456 3.8 5,443 3.5 24,790 3.8
      Information 1,696 4.5 4,117 2.6 12,550 1.9
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 3,275 8.6 13,568 8.7 40,583 6.3
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 5,092 13.4 18,582 11.9 54,109 8.3
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 10,955 28.8 42,830 27.3 181,454 28.0
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 4,609 12.1 13,829 8.8 56,483 8.7
      Other services, except public administration 1,945 5.1 8,285 5.3 29,605 4.6
      Public administration 866 2.3 3,717 2.4 25,347 3.9
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 38,099 100.0 156,642 100.0 648,414 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 31,695 83.2 128,420 82.0 506,202 78.1
      Government workers 3,474 9.1 15,877 10.1 84,010 13.0
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 2,930 7.7 12,206 7.8 57,653 8.9
      Unpaid family workers 0 0.0 139 0.1 549 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 30,427 100.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      Less than $10,000 3,377 11.1 7,194 6.2 36,243 6.6
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,837 6.0 5,962 5.2 33,109 6.1
      $15,000 to $24,999 2,815 9.3 9,461 8.2 62,999 11.6
      $25,000 to $34,999 3,069 10.1 9,148 7.9 58,002 10.6
      $35,000 to $49,999 3,721 12.2 13,257 11.5 73,646 13.5
      $50,000 to $74,999 4,672 15.4 20,683 17.9 106,916 19.6
      $75,000 to $99,999 4,371 14.4 16,731 14.5 71,281 13.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 3,761 12.4 18,494 16.0 63,907 11.7
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,539 5.1 7,915 6.9 22,102 4.1
      $200,000 or more 1,265 4.2 6,533 5.7 17,021 3.1
      Median household income (dollars) 52,139 ... 64,215 ... 51,494  
      Mean household income (dollars) 67,986 ... 85,665 ... 67,135  
             
      With earnings 23,278 76.5 90,828 78.7 402,250 73.8
        Mean earnings (dollars) 71,744 ... 84,951 ... 67,579  
      With Social Security 8,605 28.3 36,688 31.8 203,539 37.3
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 15,164 ... 17,859 ... 16,893  
      With retirement income 4,058 13.3 20,449 17.7 113,463 20.8
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 25,947 ... 24,853 ... 21,489  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 2,538 8.3 5,625 4.9 37,993 7.0
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 7,256 ... 8,066 ... 8,909  
      With cash public assistance income 1,580 5.2 3,724 3.2 21,587 4.0
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 2,628 ... 2,159 ... 2,326  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 5,359 17.6 11,680 10.1 86,238 15.8
             
    Families 13,816 100.0 70,885 100.0 342,926 100.0
      Less than $10,000 626 4.5 1,843 2.6 12,467 3.6
      $10,000 to $14,999 558 4.0 2,353 3.3 10,609 3.1
      $15,000 to $24,999 839 6.1 3,114 4.4 25,408 7.4
      $25,000 to $34,999 878 6.4 4,161 5.9 31,463 9.2
      $35,000 to $49,999 1,386 10.0 6,672 9.4 43,290 12.6
      $50,000 to $74,999 2,005 14.5 13,188 18.6 76,696 22.4
      $75,000 to $99,999 2,219 16.1 11,695 16.5 55,700 16.2
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,831 20.5 15,372 21.7 53,558 15.6
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,416 10.2 6,968 9.8 19,318 5.6
      $200,000 or more 1,058 7.7 5,519 7.8 14,417 4.2
      Median family income (dollars) 80,816 ... 82,817 ... 64,651  
      Mean family income (dollars) 93,821 ... 105,809 ... 80,726  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 32,359 ... 35,357 ... 28,437  
             
    Nonfamily households 16,611 ... 44,493 ... 202,300  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 34,592 ... 37,667 ... 28,663  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 45,607 ... 49,967 ... 40,642  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 31,839 ... 32,180 ... 29,367  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 47,671 ... 51,802 ... 46,934  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 40,308 ... 41,785 ... 36,841  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 65,747 100.0 286,532 100.0 1,314,849 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 61,106 92.9 266,154 92.9 1,204,341 91.6
        With private health insurance 46,418 70.6 220,234 76.9 904,577 68.8
        With public coverage 21,244 32.3 83,419 29.1 491,583 37.4
      No health insurance coverage 4,641 7.1 20,378 7.1 110,508 8.4
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 10,025 100.0 55,694 100.0 255,319 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 43 ... 2,601 ... 14,448  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 45,378 100.0 183,170 100.0 816,194 100.0
      In labor force: 37,284 82.2 149,562 81.7 626,001 76.7
        Employed: 35,497 78.2 143,298 78.2 592,885 72.6
         With health insurance coverage 32,529 71.7 131,064 71.6 530,397 65.0
         With private health insurance 29,838 65.8 124,644 68.0 492,593 60.4
         With public coverage 3,172 7.0 8,999 4.9 54,128 6.6
         No health insurance coverage 2,968 6.5 12,234 6.7 62,488 7.7
        Unemployed: 1,787 3.9 6,264 3.4 33,116 4.1
         With health insurance coverage 1,341 3.0 4,821 2.6 21,798 2.7
         With private health insurance 1,077 2.4 3,176 1.7 13,599 1.7
         With public coverage 264 0.6 1,823 1.0 9,388 1.2
         No health insurance coverage 446 1.0 1,443 0.8 11,318 1.4
      Not in labor force: 8,094 17.8 33,608 18.3 190,193 23.3
        With health insurance coverage 6,910 15.2 29,547 16.1 168,293 20.6
         With private health insurance 2,785 6.1 19,203 10.5 88,043 10.8
         With public coverage 4,384 9.7 13,311 7.3 96,128 11.8
        No health insurance coverage 1,184 2.6 4,061 2.2 21,900 2.7
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 11.2 ... 7.4 ... 8.9  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 16.3 ... 13.0 ... 15.5  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 7.2 ... 13.2 ... 14.7  
    Married couple families 5.3 ... 3.1 ... 4.1  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 3.3 ... 4.4 ... 5.4  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 0.0 ... 4.6 ... 5.6  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 37.4 ... 27.3 ... 27.9  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 50.1 ... 37.3 ... 37.1  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 36.6 ... 37.9 ... 38.7  
             
    All people 15.5 ... 11.1 ... 13.4  
    Under 18 years 13.3 ... 13.1 ... 17.4  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 13.0 ... 12.8 ... 16.6  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 10.2 ... 11.9 ... 19.1  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 14.3 ... 13.0 ... 15.8  
    18 years and over 15.9 ... 10.6 ... 12.4  
    18 to 64 years 16.0 ... 11.3 ... 13.5  
    65 years and over 15.3 ... 7.8 ... 8.8  
    People in families 9.2 ... 7.4 ... 9.4  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 25.4 ... 22.5 ... 26.3  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Portland, MECumberland County Maine
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 34,749 100.0 140,879 100.0 729,392 100.0
      Occupied housing units 30,427 87.6 115,378 81.9 545,226 74.8
      Vacant housing units 4,322 12.4 25,501 18.1 184,166 25.2
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 1.80 ... 1.40 ... 2.20  
      Rental vacancy rate 4.00 ... 3.30 ... 5.30  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 34,749 100.0 140,879 100.0 729,392 100.0
    1-unit, detached 11,991 34.5 91,030 64.6 511,699 70.2
    1-unit, attached 2,383 6.9 7,380 5.2 16,200 2.2
    2 units 4,270 12.3 8,104 5.8 36,038 4.9
    3 or 4 units 5,771 16.6 10,716 7.6 42,060 5.8
    5 to 9 units 2,897 8.3 5,641 4.0 25,119 3.4
    10 to 19 units 2,098 6.0 3,965 2.8 12,363 1.7
    20 or more units 5,316 15.3 8,557 6.1 24,842 3.4
    Mobile home 23 0.1 5,486 3.9 60,793 8.3
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 0 0.0 0 0.0 278 0.0
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 34,749 100.0 140,879 100.0 729,392 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 50 0.1 418 0.3 1,729 0.2
    Built 2010 to 2013 935 2.7 2,881 2.0 11,495 1.6
    Built 2000 to 2009 2,147 6.2 17,861 12.7 91,974 12.6
    Built 1990 to 1999 1,899 5.5 15,158 10.8 85,817 11.8
    Built 1980 to 1989 2,846 8.2 16,648 11.8 106,665 14.6
    Built 1970 to 1979 2,985 8.6 19,154 13.6 104,255 14.3
    Built 1960 to 1969 3,291 9.5 11,454 8.1 55,524 7.6
    Built 1950 to 1959 2,164 6.2 11,569 8.2 49,906 6.8
    Built 1940 to 1949 2,148 6.2 8,301 5.9 35,205 4.8
    Built 1939 or earlier 16,284 46.9 37,435 26.6 186,822 25.6
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 34,749 100.0 140,879 100.0 729,392 100.0
    1 room 1,857 5.3 3,554 2.5 20,061 2.8
    2 rooms 2,279 6.6 5,142 3.6 28,427 3.9
    3 rooms 5,295 15.2 12,840 9.1 66,340 9.1
    4 rooms 6,453 18.6 21,726 15.4 123,590 16.9
    5 rooms 6,577 18.9 25,663 18.2 150,261 20.6
    6 rooms 4,886 14.1 26,076 18.5 129,887 17.8
    7 rooms 3,570 10.3 17,359 12.3 86,158 11.8
    8 rooms 1,644 4.7 10,697 7.6 55,186 7.6
    9 rooms or more 2,188 6.3 17,822 12.7 69,482 9.5
    Median rooms 5 ... 6 ... 5  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 34,749 100.0 140,879 100.0 729,392 100.0
    No bedroom 2,037 5.9 3,854 2.7 21,324 2.9
    1 bedroom 8,679 25.0 19,179 13.6 86,719 11.9
    2 bedrooms 11,545 33.2 40,519 28.8 221,305 30.3
    3 bedrooms 8,640 24.9 50,508 35.9 276,612 37.9
    4 bedrooms 3,188 9.2 21,918 15.6 98,625 13.5
    5 or more bedrooms 660 1.9 4,901 3.5 24,807 3.4
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 30,427 100.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      Owner-occupied 13,082 43.0 77,400 67.1 387,101 71.0
      Renter-occupied 17,345 57.0 37,978 32.9 158,125 29.0
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 3 ... 3  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 30,427 100.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 3,227 10.6 8,607 7.5 35,022 6.4
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 13,288 43.7 38,021 33.0 160,024 29.4
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 7,193 23.6 34,678 30.1 161,908 29.7
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 3,731 12.3 16,580 14.4 82,486 15.1
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 1,354 4.4 9,189 8.0 51,245 9.4
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 1,634 5.4 8,303 7.2 54,541 10.0
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 30,427 100.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      No vehicles available 5,477 18.0 9,733 8.4 43,659 8.0
      1 vehicle available 12,887 42.4 37,607 32.6 187,020 34.3
      2 vehicles available 8,991 29.5 47,091 40.8 214,597 39.4
      3 or more vehicles available 3,072 10.1 20,947 18.2 99,950 18.3
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 30,427 100.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      Utility gas 12,426 40.8 21,952 19.0 37,624 6.9
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 1,294 4.3 11,466 9.9 50,511 9.3
      Electricity 3,388 11.1 7,410 6.4 35,138 6.4
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 12,141 39.9 66,321 57.5 336,337 61.7
      Coal or coke 120 0.4 363 0.3 1,449 0.3
      Wood 241 0.8 5,914 5.1 70,767 13.0
      Solar energy 0 0.0 7 0.0 604 0.1
      Other fuel 700 2.3 1,782 1.5 11,270 2.1
      No fuel used 117 0.4 163 0.1 1,526 0.3
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 30,427 100.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 302 1.0 960 0.8 4,857 0.9
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 562 1.8 1,270 1.1 6,481 1.2
      No telephone service available 909 3.0 3,099 2.7 12,968 2.4
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units -2 0.0 115,378 100.0 545,226 100.0
      1.00 or less -2 0.0 114,182 99.0 536,586 98.4
      1.01 to 1.50 -2 0.0 947 0.8 5,111 0.9
      1.51 or more -2 0.0 249 0.2 3,529 0.6
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 13,082 43.0 77,400 67.1 387,101 71.0
      Less than $50,000 65 0.2 2,288 2.0 24,994 4.6
      $50,000 to $99,999 112 0.4 2,274 2.0 55,819 10.2
      $100,000 to $149,999 743 2.4 3,987 3.5 63,373 11.6
      $150,000 to $199,999 2,214 7.3 13,368 11.6 75,051 13.8
      $200,000 to $299,999 4,831 15.9 25,668 22.2 91,282 16.7
      $300,000 to $499,999 4,061 13.3 20,976 18.2 55,175 10.1
      $500,000 to $999,999 964 3.2 7,681 6.7 18,402 3.4
      $1,000,000 or more 92 0.3 1,158 1.0 3,005 0.6
      Median (dollars) 267,100 ... 261,300 ... 180,300  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 13,082 100.0 77,400 100.0 387,101 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 8,580 65.6 54,058 69.8 240,701 62.2
      Housing units without a mortgage 4,502 34.4 23,342 30.2 146,400 37.8
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 8,580 100.0 54,058 100.0 240,701 100.0
      Less than $500 138 1.6 328 0.6 5,406 2.2
      $500 to $999 871 10.2 7,252 13.4 57,365 23.8
      $1,000 to $1,499 1,671 19.5 13,921 25.8 82,862 34.4
      $1,500 to $1,999 2,981 34.7 15,427 28.5 52,748 21.9
      $2,000 to $2,499 1,485 17.3 8,690 16.1 21,992 9.1
      $2,500 to $2,999 582 6.8 3,521 6.5 11,113 4.6
      $3,000 or more 852 9.9 4,919 9.1 9,215 3.8
      Median (dollars) 1,773 ... 1,653 ... 1,340  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 4,502 100.0 23,342 100.0 146,400 100.0
      Less than $250 172 3.8 1,190 5.1 15,002 10.2
      $250 to $399 389 8.6 2,402 10.3 36,873 25.2
      $400 to $599 825 18.3 6,582 28.2 50,339 34.4
      $600 to $799 1,521 33.8 5,697 24.4 25,146 17.2
      $800 to $999 658 14.6 3,723 15.9 11,267 7.7
      $1,000 or more 937 20.8 3,748 16.1 7,773 5.3
      Median (dollars) 686 ... 640 ... 479  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 8,580 100.0 53,838 100.0 239,933 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 2,900 33.8 22,850 42.4 100,863 42.0
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,728 20.1 10,024 18.6 39,603 16.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,324 15.4 6,804 12.6 27,979 11.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 849 9.9 4,314 8.0 19,142 8.0
      35.0 percent or more 1,779 20.7 9,846 18.3 52,346 21.8
             
      Not computed 0 0.0 220 0.4 768 0.3
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 4,321 100.0 22,928 100.0 144,965 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 1,543 35.7 7,646 33.3 54,540 37.6
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 922 21.3 4,475 19.5 27,750 19.1
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 401 9.3 3,310 14.4 19,569 13.5
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 216 5.0 1,653 7.2 11,701 8.1
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 459 10.6 1,414 6.2 8,186 5.6
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 195 4.5 1,164 5.1 5,359 3.7
      35.0 percent or more 585 13.5 3,266 14.2 17,860 12.3
             
      Not computed 181 4.2 414 1.8 1,435 1.0
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 16,968 100.0 36,374 100.0 146,354 100.0
      Less than $500 2,615 15.4 5,062 13.9 29,695 20.3
      $500 to $999 5,864 34.6 13,019 35.8 76,880 52.5
      $1,000 to $1,499 6,734 39.7 13,227 36.4 31,170 21.3
      $1,500 to $1,999 1,224 7.2 3,527 9.7 5,736 3.9
      $2,000 to $2,499 531 3.1 1,080 3.0 1,510 1.0
      $2,500 to $2,999 0 0.0 0 0.0 464 0.3
      $3,000 or more 0 0.0 459 1.3 899 0.6
      Median (dollars) 1,000 ... 1,003 ... 792  
             
      No rent paid 377 2.2 1,604 4.4 11,771 8.0
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 16,439 100.0 35,388 100.0 143,904 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 1,864 11.3 3,972 11.2 16,239 11.3
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 2,050 12.5 4,916 13.9 17,716 12.3
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,168 13.2 4,470 12.6 17,584 12.2
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 2,749 16.7 5,765 16.3 21,543 15.0
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 1,674 10.2 3,231 9.1 14,492 10.1
      35.0 percent or more 5,934 36.1 13,034 36.8 56,330 39.1
             
      Housing Units 906 5.5 2,590 7.3 14,221 9.9
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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