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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Boston, MA [2507000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Boston is located in Suffolk County (25025). The population of Boston changed from 620,701 in 2010 to 673,184 in 2016; a change of 52,483 (8.5%). The county population changed from 725,361 to 784,230, a change of 58,869 (8.1%) during the same period.

Boston is located in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH MSA (CBSA 14460). The CBSA population changed from 4,565,907 to 4,794,447 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 228,540 (5.0%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 10th based on 2016 population, 18th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 188th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 1-year estimates, the total resident population was 669,469. The population of one race include 52.7% White alone, 25.3% Black alone, 0.2% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 9.5% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 19.5% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 286,120 total housing units, 261,492 were occupied housing units (households) or 91.4% of total units. Of the 89,071 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $453,000. Of the 89,071 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $1,423. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 124,696 family households, 17.0% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 20.5% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $58,263 with median family income of $65,083. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 188,623 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 55,009 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 457,625 population 25 years and over, 85.9% were high school graduates and 46.6% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 620,701   725,361   6,565,524  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 630,195 1.53 736,602 1.55 6,611,923 0.71
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 641,911 1.86 749,469 1.75 6,658,008 0.70
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 651,090 1.43 759,670 1.36 6,706,786 0.73
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 659,180 1.24 768,537 1.17 6,749,911 0.64
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 665,984 1.03 776,688 1.06 6,784,240 0.51
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 673,184 1.08 784,230 0.97 6,811,779 0.41
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 669,469 100.0 778,121 100.0 6,794,422 100.0
      Male 322,149 48.1 376,695 48.4 3,297,384 48.5
      Female 347,320 51.9 401,426 51.6 3,497,038 51.5
             
      Under 5 years 37,519 5.6 44,353 5.7 365,383 5.4
      5 to 9 years 28,097 4.2 34,113 4.4 374,601 5.5
      10 to 14 years 28,766 4.3 34,634 4.5 396,265 5.8
      15 to 19 years 47,002 7.0 52,192 6.7 456,905 6.7
      20 to 24 years 70,460 10.5 77,349 9.9 494,624 7.3
      25 to 34 years 160,732 24.0 178,813 23.0 941,776 13.9
      35 to 44 years 85,081 12.7 100,276 12.9 838,603 12.3
      45 to 54 years 74,609 11.1 90,176 11.6 976,402 14.4
      55 to 59 years 35,066 5.2 41,847 5.4 477,635 7.0
      60 to 64 years 31,266 4.7 37,783 4.9 428,002 6.3
      65 to 74 years 41,117 6.1 49,026 6.3 590,043 8.7
      75 to 84 years 19,715 2.9 25,651 3.3 298,338 4.4
      85 years and over 10,039 1.5 11,908 1.5 155,845 2.3
             
      Median age (years) 31.8 ... 32.6 ... 39.4  
             
      18 years and over 557,540 83.3 644,462 82.8 5,407,228 79.6
      21 years and over 511,703 76.4 595,184 76.5 5,099,898 75.1
      62 years and over 89,659 13.4 108,126 13.9 1,290,136 19.0
      65 years and over 70,871 10.6 86,585 11.1 1,044,226 15.4
             
      18 years and over 557,540 83.3 644,462 82.8 5,407,228 79.6
        Male 265,620 39.7 308,824 39.7 2,587,786 38.1
        Female 291,920 43.6 335,638 43.1 2,819,442 41.5
             
      65 years and over 70,871 10.6 86,585 11.1 1,044,226 15.4
        Male 29,552 4.4 35,932 4.6 448,520 6.6
        Female 41,319 6.2 50,653 6.5 595,706 8.8
             
 RACE            
    Total population 669,469 100.0 778,121 100.0 6,794,422 100.0
      One race 639,163 95.5 733,150 94.2 6,596,038 97.1
      Two or more races 30,306 4.5 44,971 5.8 198,384 2.9
             
    One race 639,163 95.5 733,150 94.2 6,596,038 97.1
      White 352,667 52.7 431,912 55.5 5,373,238 79.1
      Black or African American 169,390 25.3 174,007 22.4 499,357 7.3
      American Indian and Alaska Native 1,282 0.2 1,384 0.2 10,663 0.2
        Cherokee tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 794 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 15 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 125 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 152 0.0
      Asian 63,603 9.5 68,587 8.8 430,739 6.3
        Asian Indian 8,281 1.2 9,162 1.2 93,529 1.4
        Chinese 32,566 4.9 34,040 4.4 168,788 2.5
        Filipino 1,232 0.2 1,387 0.2 13,053 0.2
        Japanese 586 0.1 626 0.1 8,668 0.1
        Korean 4,679 0.7 4,879 0.6 26,402 0.4
        Vietnamese 13,059 2.0 13,901 1.8 51,394 0.8
        Other Asian 3,200 0.5 4,592 0.6 68,905 1.0
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 153 0.0 153 0.0 1,410 0.0
        Native Hawaiian -2 0.0 -2 0.0 546 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro -2 0.0 -2 0.0 536 0.0
        Samoan -2 0.0 -2 0.0 85 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander -2 0.0 -2 0.0 243 0.0
      Some other race 52,068 7.8 57,107 7.3 280,631 4.1
    Two or more races 30,306 4.5 44,971 5.8 198,384 2.9
      White and Black or African American 14,751 2.2 27,473 3.5 78,726 1.2
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 2,053 0.3 2,541 0.3 21,399 0.3
      White and Asian 4,817 0.7 5,412 0.7 43,136 0.6
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 847 0.1 847 0.1 5,731 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 669,469 100.0 778,121 100.0 6,794,422 100.0
      White 378,543 56.5 472,365 60.7 5,545,771 81.6
      Black or African American 189,347 28.3 206,901 26.6 604,736 8.9
      American Indian and Alaska Native 5,580 0.8 6,233 0.8 46,695 0.7
      Asian 69,976 10.5 75,555 9.7 484,698 7.1
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 591 0.1 591 0.1 7,469 0.1
      Some other race 57,491 8.6 63,351 8.1 315,213 4.6
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 669,469 100.0 778,121 100.0 6,794,422 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 130,656 19.5 172,285 22.1 757,948 11.2
        Mexican 6,834 1.0 7,168 0.9 50,586 0.7
        Puerto Rican 37,324 5.6 43,502 5.6 317,142 4.7
        Cuban 2,887 0.4 3,148 0.4 11,945 0.2
        Other Hispanic or Latino 83,611 12.5 118,467 15.2 378,275 5.6
      Not Hispanic or Latino 538,813 80.5 605,836 77.9 6,036,474 88.8
        White alone 299,005 44.7 353,907 45.5 4,958,598 73.0
        Black or African American alone 153,039 22.9 157,133 20.2 459,884 6.8
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 691 0.1 793 0.1 7,162 0.1
        Asian alone 63,260 9.4 68,126 8.8 428,592 6.3
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 47 0.0 47 0.0 680 0.0
        Some other race alone 7,406 1.1 8,264 1.1 49,348 0.7
        Two or more races 15,365 2.3 17,566 2.3 132,210 1.9
         Two races including Some other race 1,374 0.2 1,485 0.2 11,047 0.2
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 13,991 2.1 16,081 2.1 121,163 1.8
             
    Total housing units 286,120 ... 326,976 ... 2,845,805  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 468,296 70.0 530,752 68.2 4,924,459 72.5
      Male 219,288 32.8 248,918 32.0 2,344,919 34.5
      Female 249,008 37.2 281,834 36.2 2,579,540 38.0
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      Family households (families) 124,696 47.7 148,314 49.3 1,613,404 63.0
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 50,882 19.5 60,966 20.3 684,676 26.7
      Married-couple family 70,370 26.9 83,614 27.8 1,188,714 46.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 25,990 9.9 31,449 10.5 474,202 18.5
      Male householder, no wife present, family 12,538 4.8 16,490 5.5 105,294 4.1
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 4,505 1.7 5,913 2.0 41,242 1.6
      Female householder, no husband present, family 41,788 16.0 48,210 16.0 319,396 12.5
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 20,387 7.8 23,604 7.8 169,232 6.6
      Nonfamily households 136,796 52.3 152,527 50.7 946,547 37.0
        Householder living alone 97,605 37.3 109,203 36.3 738,257 28.8
         65 years and over 26,954 10.3 32,721 10.9 293,651 11.5
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 57,451 22.0 68,362 22.7 750,880 29.3
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 53,086 20.3 64,756 21.5 733,203 28.6
             
      Average household size 2.38 ... 2.42 ... 2.56  
      Average family size 3.19 ... 3.23 ... 3.18  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 621,176 100.0 728,695 100.0 6,542,339 100.0
      Householder 261,492 42.1 300,841 41.3 2,559,951 39.1
      Spouse 70,462 11.3 84,001 11.5 1,187,484 18.2
      Child 152,271 24.5 183,981 25.2 1,923,726 29.4
      Other relatives 50,905 8.2 62,339 8.6 405,316 6.2
      Nonrelatives 86,046 13.9 97,533 13.4 465,862 7.1
        Unmarried partner 18,912 3.0 21,722 3.0 171,645 2.6
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 274,633 100.0 319,351 100.0 2,716,576 100.0
      Never married 165,850 60.4 186,142 58.3 1,097,062 40.4
      Now married, except separated 82,795 30.1 99,766 31.2 1,299,289 47.8
      Separated 4,550 1.7 5,174 1.6 34,730 1.3
      Widowed 3,785 1.4 5,290 1.7 66,395 2.4
      Divorced 17,653 6.4 22,979 7.2 219,100 8.1
             
    Females 15 years and over 300,454 100.0 345,670 100.0 2,941,597 100.0
      Never married 162,037 53.9 179,235 51.9 1,015,905 34.5
      Now married, except separated 84,933 28.3 100,651 29.1 1,282,263 43.6
      Separated 9,916 3.3 12,160 3.5 61,599 2.1
      Widowed 19,401 6.5 24,438 7.1 251,832 8.6
      Divorced 24,167 8.0 29,186 8.4 329,998 11.2
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 7,513 100.0 8,554 100.0 72,160 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 3,021 40.2 3,344 39.1 23,340 32.3
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 20 0.3 20 0.2 23 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 36 0.5 36 0.4 43 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 18 0.2 16 0.2 10 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 42 0.6 42 0.5 67 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 33 0.4 33 0.4 30 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 8,804 100.0 11,449 100.0 124,288 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 2,135 24.3 2,614 22.8 33,825 27.2
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 246 2.8 417 3.6 6,704 5.4
        1 or 2 years 496 5.6 708 6.2 6,546 5.3
        3 or 4 years 320 3.6 320 2.8 6,163 5.0
        5 or more years 1,073 12.2 1,169 10.2 14,412 11.6
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 2,135 100.0 2,614 100.0 33,825 100.0
      Who are female 1,629 76.3 1,780 68.1 22,914 67.7
      Who are married 1,352 63.3 1,509 57.7 21,343 63.1
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 188,623 100.0 212,099 100.0 1,732,925 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 7,856 4.2 9,314 4.4 109,796 6.3
      Kindergarten 8,808 4.7 9,743 4.6 74,373 4.3
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 46,201 24.5 56,423 26.6 622,899 35.9
      High school (grades 9-12) 22,661 12.0 27,126 12.8 339,468 19.6
      College or graduate school 103,097 54.7 109,493 51.6 586,389 33.8
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 457,625 100.0 535,480 100.0 4,706,644 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 37,421 8.2 48,419 9.0 213,496 4.5
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 27,279 6.0 32,541 6.1 245,853 5.2
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 96,392 21.1 125,476 23.4 1,184,423 25.2
      Some college, no degree 60,928 13.3 74,054 13.8 748,705 15.9
      Associate's degree 22,219 4.9 25,854 4.8 362,478 7.7
      Bachelor's degree 119,227 26.1 130,353 24.3 1,086,715 23.1
      Graduate or professional degree 94,159 20.6 98,783 18.4 864,974 18.4
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 85.90 ... 84.90 ... 90.20  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 46.60 ... 42.80 ... 41.50  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 556,772 100.0 643,694 100.0 5,402,622 100.0
      Civilian veterans 18,350 3.3 22,146 3.4 327,990 6.1
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 663,327 100.0 771,368 100.0 6,718,090 100.0
      With a disability 81,669 12.3 97,969 12.7 785,118 11.7
             
    Under 18 years 111,889 16.9 133,619 17.3 1,383,924 20.6
      With a disability 4,270 0.6 5,730 0.7 61,666 0.9
             
    18 to 64 years 483,178 72.8 554,311 71.9 4,328,437 64.4
      With a disability 47,994 7.2 55,992 7.3 393,251 5.9
             
    65 years and over 68,260 10.3 83,438 10.8 1,005,729 15.0
      With a disability 29,405 4.4 36,247 4.7 330,201 4.9
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 661,446 100.0 769,092 100.0 6,725,678 100.0
      Same house 536,105 81.1 631,982 82.2 5,893,936 87.6
      Different house in the U.S. 113,485 17.2 123,764 16.1 767,001 11.4
        Same county 61,652 9.3 66,880 8.7 443,952 6.6
        Different county 51,833 7.8 56,884 7.4 323,049 4.8
         Same state 26,897 4.1 30,909 4.0 190,407 2.8
         Different state 24,936 3.8 25,975 3.4 132,642 2.0
      Abroad 11,856 1.8 13,346 1.7 64,741 1.0
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 669,469 100.0 778,121 100.0 6,794,422 100.0
      Native 479,346 71.6 546,869 70.3 5,698,469 83.9
        Born in United States 457,567 68.3 521,310 67.0 5,507,682 81.1
         State of residence 296,468 44.3 353,020 45.4 4,187,673 61.6
         Different state 161,099 24.1 168,290 21.6 1,320,009 19.4
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 21,779 3.3 25,559 3.3 190,787 2.8
      Foreign born 190,123 28.4 231,252 29.7 1,095,953 16.1
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 190,123 100.0 231,252 100.0 1,095,953 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 95,601 50.3 111,283 48.1 572,765 52.3
      Not a U.S. citizen 94,522 49.7 119,969 51.9 523,188 47.7
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 211,902 100.0 256,811 100.0 1,286,740 100.0
             
      Native 21,779 10.3 25,559 10.0 190,787 14.8
        Entered 2010 or later 3,444 1.6 4,033 1.6 35,587 2.8
        Entered before 2010 18,335 8.7 21,526 8.4 155,200 12.1
             
      Foreign born 190,123 89.7 231,252 90.0 1,095,953 85.2
        Entered 2010 or later 46,348 21.9 54,523 21.2 215,373 16.7
        Entered before 2010 143,775 67.8 176,729 68.8 880,580 68.4
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 190,123 100.0 231,252 100.0 1,095,953 100.0
      Europe 24,099 12.7 28,922 12.5 232,857 21.2
      Asia 48,433 25.5 52,709 22.8 332,447 30.3
      Africa 23,450 12.3 27,907 12.1 100,027 9.1
      Oceania 764 0.4 764 0.3 3,485 0.3
      Latin America 90,550 47.6 118,004 51.0 392,607 35.8
      Northern America 2,827 1.5 2,946 1.3 34,530 3.2
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 631,950 100.0 733,768 100.0 6,429,039 100.0
      English only 393,783 62.3 440,759 60.1 4,953,369 77.0
      Language other than English 238,167 37.7 293,009 39.9 1,475,670 23.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 109,449 17.3 139,549 19.0 578,862 9.0
      Spanish 104,722 16.6 138,878 18.9 550,235 8.6
        Speak English less than "very well" 48,592 7.7 68,820 9.4 222,988 3.5
      Other Indo-European languages 72,930 11.5 85,620 11.7 575,747 9.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 28,438 4.5 34,110 4.6 199,599 3.1
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 46,783 7.4 50,213 6.8 270,376 4.2
        Speak English less than "very well" 27,385 4.3 29,315 4.0 131,966 2.1
      Other languages 13,732 2.2 18,298 2.5 79,312 1.2
        Speak English less than "very well" 5,034 0.8 7,304 1.0 24,309 0.4
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 669,469 100.0 778,121 100.0 6,794,422 100.0
      American 18,371 2.7 21,036 2.7 259,448 3.8
      Arab 7,327 1.1 12,463 1.6 74,561 1.1
      Czech 1,060 0.2 1,060 0.1 11,558 0.2
      Danish 2,212 0.3 2,212 0.3 17,622 0.3
      Dutch 3,537 0.5 3,792 0.5 40,208 0.6
      English 27,377 4.1 30,510 3.9 649,897 9.6
      French (except Basque) 12,987 1.9 15,708 2.0 441,659 6.5
      French Canadian 6,792 1.0 7,680 1.0 260,758 3.8
      German 29,014 4.3 30,288 3.9 406,851 6.0
      Greek 6,907 1.0 7,476 1.0 86,878 1.3
      Hungarian 1,384 0.2 1,572 0.2 19,178 0.3
      Irish 87,037 13.0 99,053 12.7 1,374,665 20.2
      Italian 55,525 8.3 73,172 9.4 901,335 13.3
      Lithuanian 2,603 0.4 2,804 0.4 42,374 0.6
      Norwegian 3,955 0.6 4,103 0.5 35,870 0.5
      Polish 15,071 2.3 16,061 2.1 315,612 4.6
      Portuguese 5,431 0.8 6,953 0.9 286,054 4.2
      Russian 9,980 1.5 11,287 1.5 111,234 1.6
      Scotch-Irish 1,687 0.3 2,061 0.3 40,168 0.6
      Scottish 8,993 1.3 10,015 1.3 156,919 2.3
      Slovak 457 0.1 457 0.1 5,757 0.1
      Subsaharan African 29,674 4.4 30,943 4.0 143,543 2.1
      Swedish 5,105 0.8 5,449 0.7 106,558 1.6
      Swiss 1,079 0.2 1,079 0.1 11,693 0.2
      Ukrainian 2,178 0.3 2,278 0.3 21,675 0.3
      Welsh 1,849 0.3 1,978 0.3 24,087 0.4
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 43,625 6.5 44,336 5.7 136,774 2.0
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      With a computer 229,590 87.8 261,843 87.0 2,277,721 89.0
      With a broadband Internet subscription 213,272 81.6 242,207 80.5 2,114,780 82.6
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 568,577 100.0 657,436 100.0 5,578,648 100.0
      In labor force 393,361 69.2 454,060 69.1 3,744,289 67.1
        Civilian labor force 392,593 69.0 453,292 68.9 3,739,683 67.0
         Employed 366,392 64.4 423,556 64.4 3,522,203 63.1
         Unemployed 26,201 4.6 29,736 4.5 217,480 3.9
        Armed Forces 768 0.1 768 0.1 4,606 0.1
      Not in labor force 175,216 30.8 203,376 30.9 1,834,359 32.9
             
    Civilian labor force 392,593 69.0 453,292 68.9 3,739,683 67.0
      Unemployment Rate 6.7 ... 6.6 ... 5.8  
             
    Females 16 years and over 297,104 52.3 341,661 52.0 2,901,493 52.0
      In labor force 198,194 34.9 225,687 34.3 1,834,104 32.9
        Civilian labor force 198,107 34.8 225,600 34.3 1,833,762 32.9
         Employed 186,544 32.8 212,709 32.4 1,737,274 31.1
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 42,238 7.4 49,659 7.6 425,202 7.6
      All parents in family in labor force 32,736 5.8 38,528 5.9 305,730 5.5
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 63,907 11.2 77,701 11.8 909,773 16.3
      All parents in family in labor force 46,160 8.1 56,318 8.6 689,842 12.4
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 360,257 100.0 416,112 100.0 3,450,540 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 134,596 37.4 163,117 39.2 2,421,011 70.2
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 20,604 5.7 26,711 6.4 256,929 7.4
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 124,341 34.5 140,743 33.8 364,059 10.6
      Walked 60,012 16.7 62,835 15.1 173,988 5.0
      Other means 9,535 2.6 10,147 2.4 70,521 2.0
      Worked at home 11,169 3.1 12,559 3.0 164,032 4.8
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 31 ... 32 ... 30  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 366,392 100.0 423,556 100.0 3,522,203 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 175,806 48.0 190,011 44.9 1,581,552 44.9
      Service occupations 75,578 20.6 93,726 22.1 625,681 17.8
      Sales and office occupations 75,954 20.7 87,654 20.7 769,643 21.9
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 15,687 4.3 21,181 5.0 238,732 6.8
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 23,367 6.4 30,984 7.3 306,595 8.7
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 366,392 100.0 423,556 100.0 3,522,203 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 591 0.2 818 0.2 13,583 0.4
      Construction 13,467 3.7 17,209 4.1 190,678 5.4
      Manufacturing 16,444 4.5 19,087 4.5 317,217 9.0
      Wholesale trade 5,717 1.6 8,014 1.9 80,137 2.3
      Retail trade 32,462 8.9 38,493 9.1 374,569 10.6
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 12,775 3.5 17,839 4.2 129,842 3.7
      Information 9,157 2.5 9,923 2.3 84,925 2.4
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 31,783 8.7 33,927 8.0 259,988 7.4
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 59,988 16.4 66,971 15.8 475,989 13.5
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 116,321 31.7 128,588 30.4 990,793 28.1
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 38,247 10.4 47,551 11.2 320,117 9.1
      Other services, except public administration 15,192 4.1 18,644 4.4 155,833 4.4
      Public administration 14,248 3.9 16,492 3.9 128,532 3.6
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 366,392 100.0 423,556 100.0 3,522,203 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 313,870 85.7 361,219 85.3 2,897,214 82.3
      Government workers 38,857 10.6 45,027 10.6 413,695 11.7
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 13,386 3.7 16,994 4.0 207,654 5.9
      Unpaid family workers 279 0.1 316 0.1 3,640 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      Less than $10,000 29,216 11.2 31,907 10.6 154,491 6.0
      $10,000 to $14,999 19,276 7.4 21,801 7.2 124,961 4.9
      $15,000 to $24,999 21,932 8.4 26,105 8.7 203,851 8.0
      $25,000 to $34,999 19,370 7.4 24,123 8.0 194,223 7.6
      $35,000 to $49,999 26,262 10.0 31,761 10.6 259,976 10.2
      $50,000 to $74,999 36,834 14.1 43,889 14.6 403,121 15.7
      $75,000 to $99,999 26,570 10.2 30,829 10.2 309,808 12.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 40,518 15.5 45,694 15.2 440,657 17.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 17,197 6.6 18,853 6.3 213,350 8.3
      $200,000 or more 24,317 9.3 25,879 8.6 255,513 10.0
      Median household income (dollars) 58,263 ... 56,771 ... 70,628  
      Mean household income (dollars) 90,703 ... 87,788 ... 97,586  
             
      With earnings 210,548 80.5 240,880 80.1 2,019,369 78.9
        Mean earnings (dollars) 97,494 ... 94,329 ... 101,709  
      With Social Security 53,097 20.3 64,679 21.5 760,566 29.7
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 14,698 ... 14,831 ... 17,971  
      With retirement income 20,979 8.0 26,215 8.7 420,547 16.4
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 33,494 ... 31,501 ... 27,438  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 20,694 7.9 23,723 7.9 156,041 6.1
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 8,984 ... 9,049 ... 9,970  
      With cash public assistance income 7,980 3.1 9,091 3.0 67,828 2.6
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 3,744 ... 3,771 ... 3,986  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 46,570 17.8 53,117 17.7 312,390 12.2
             
    Families 124,696 100.0 148,314 100.0 1,613,404 100.0
      Less than $10,000 10,144 8.1 10,653 7.2 57,489 3.6
      $10,000 to $14,999 6,186 5.0 7,341 4.9 38,392 2.4
      $15,000 to $24,999 10,854 8.7 12,865 8.7 85,855 5.3
      $25,000 to $34,999 10,994 8.8 14,053 9.5 102,010 6.3
      $35,000 to $49,999 13,080 10.5 16,453 11.1 141,908 8.8
      $50,000 to $74,999 17,528 14.1 22,472 15.2 244,240 15.1
      $75,000 to $99,999 12,172 9.8 14,962 10.1 215,358 13.3
      $100,000 to $149,999 19,891 16.0 23,366 15.8 334,357 20.7
      $150,000 to $199,999 9,296 7.5 10,661 7.2 174,853 10.8
      $200,000 or more 14,551 11.7 15,488 10.4 218,942 13.6
      Median family income (dollars) 65,083 ... 62,969 ... 90,590  
      Mean family income (dollars) 103,034 ... 98,617 ... 116,983  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 37,842 ... 36,281 ... 38,130  
             
    Nonfamily households 136,796 ... 152,527 ... 946,547  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 51,014 ... 48,915 ... 41,510  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 77,216 ... 74,459 ... 60,953  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 36,059 ... 35,026 ... 38,648  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 57,997 ... 54,834 ... 61,761  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 51,432 ... 50,754 ... 51,343  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 663,327 100.0 771,368 100.0 6,718,090 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 638,389 96.2 738,058 95.7 6,528,817 97.2
        With private health insurance 435,585 65.7 491,163 63.7 4,933,152 73.4
        With public coverage 250,635 37.8 305,743 39.6 2,455,884 36.6
      No health insurance coverage 24,938 3.8 33,310 4.3 189,273 2.8
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 111,889 100.0 133,619 100.0 1,383,924 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 997 ... 1,213 ... 15,885  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 483,178 100.0 554,311 100.0 4,328,437 100.0
      In labor force: 376,340 77.9 433,655 78.2 3,463,429 80.0
        Employed: 351,100 72.7 404,978 73.1 3,265,713 75.4
         With health insurance coverage 335,806 69.5 383,263 69.1 3,153,247 72.8
         With private health insurance 281,383 58.2 315,062 56.8 2,737,662 63.2
         With public coverage 63,643 13.2 78,934 14.2 506,429 11.7
         No health insurance coverage 15,294 3.2 21,715 3.9 112,466 2.6
        Unemployed: 25,240 5.2 28,677 5.2 197,716 4.6
         With health insurance coverage 22,496 4.7 25,046 4.5 177,050 4.1
         With private health insurance 9,336 1.9 10,349 1.9 88,354 2.0
         With public coverage 13,748 2.8 15,313 2.8 96,281 2.2
         No health insurance coverage 2,744 0.6 3,631 0.7 20,666 0.5
      Not in labor force: 106,838 22.1 120,656 21.8 865,008 20.0
        With health insurance coverage 101,235 21.0 114,258 20.6 828,315 19.1
         With private health insurance 56,570 11.7 61,683 11.1 479,522 11.1
         With public coverage 50,019 10.4 58,941 10.6 412,361 9.5
        No health insurance coverage 5,603 1.2 6,398 1.2 36,693 0.8
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 17.0 ... 16.0 ... 7.9  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 26.4 ... 25.3 ... 12.7  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 15.0 ... 14.9 ... 11.7  
    Married couple families 6.2 ... 6.0 ... 3.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 7.6 ... 8.1 ... 3.7  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 2.4 ... 3.7 ... 3.3  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 34.3 ... 33.0 ... 24.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 47.1 ... 46.0 ... 33.8  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 42.4 ... 39.0 ... 40.6  
             
    All people 20.5 ... 19.8 ... 11.5  
    Under 18 years 29.6 ... 28.8 ... 14.8  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 28.9 ... 28.2 ... 14.5  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 23.5 ... 24.0 ... 16.4  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 31.7 ... 30.4 ... 13.8  
    18 years and over 18.6 ... 17.8 ... 10.6  
    18 to 64 years 18.3 ... 17.4 ... 10.9  
    65 years and over 20.5 ... 20.1 ... 9.2  
    People in families 17.2 ... 16.3 ... 8.2  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 26.2 ... 26.3 ... 23.0  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 286,120 100.0 326,976 100.0 2,845,805 100.0
      Occupied housing units 261,492 91.4 300,841 92.0 2,559,951 90.0
      Vacant housing units 24,628 8.6 26,135 8.0 285,854 10.0
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 1.20 ... 1.10 ... 0.90  
      Rental vacancy rate 2.20 ... 2.00 ... 3.50  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 286,120 100.0 326,976 100.0 2,845,805 100.0
    1-unit, detached 34,135 11.9 44,142 13.5 1,470,161 51.7
    1-unit, attached 20,184 7.1 22,376 6.8 156,818 5.5
    2 units 40,493 14.2 49,898 15.3 299,890 10.5
    3 or 4 units 68,874 24.1 76,921 23.5 302,736 10.6
    5 to 9 units 28,731 10.0 30,785 9.4 166,726 5.9
    10 to 19 units 22,715 7.9 24,365 7.5 122,579 4.3
    20 or more units 70,547 24.7 77,743 23.8 301,876 10.6
    Mobile home 289 0.1 480 0.1 24,271 0.9
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 152 0.1 266 0.1 748 0.0
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 286,120 100.0 326,976 100.0 2,845,805 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 1,264 0.4 1,339 0.4 6,437 0.2
    Built 2010 to 2013 5,611 2.0 5,961 1.8 45,846 1.6
    Built 2000 to 2009 21,673 7.6 23,678 7.2 209,634 7.4
    Built 1990 to 1999 11,008 3.8 12,352 3.8 209,385 7.4
    Built 1980 to 1989 19,691 6.9 24,141 7.4 304,109 10.7
    Built 1970 to 1979 23,934 8.4 26,237 8.0 329,355 11.6
    Built 1960 to 1969 22,452 7.8 26,009 8.0 289,958 10.2
    Built 1950 to 1959 20,817 7.3 24,606 7.5 327,334 11.5
    Built 1940 to 1949 14,929 5.2 17,275 5.3 160,573 5.6
    Built 1939 or earlier 144,741 50.6 165,378 50.6 963,174 33.8
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 286,120 100.0 326,976 100.0 2,845,805 100.0
    1 room 18,597 6.5 20,884 6.4 74,478 2.6
    2 rooms 18,627 6.5 20,562 6.3 85,045 3.0
    3 rooms 56,419 19.7 62,367 19.1 290,069 10.2
    4 rooms 60,342 21.1 70,117 21.4 456,967 16.1
    5 rooms 58,553 20.5 65,407 20.0 523,532 18.4
    6 rooms 38,080 13.3 45,508 13.9 492,728 17.3
    7 rooms 15,684 5.5 18,513 5.7 343,861 12.1
    8 rooms 9,427 3.3 11,060 3.4 255,605 9.0
    9 rooms or more 10,391 3.6 12,558 3.8 323,520 11.4
    Median rooms 4 ... 4 ... 6  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 286,120 100.0 326,976 100.0 2,845,805 100.0
    No bedroom 20,422 7.1 22,906 7.0 80,510 2.8
    1 bedroom 73,595 25.7 81,456 24.9 386,730 13.6
    2 bedrooms 94,832 33.1 109,644 33.5 808,642 28.4
    3 bedrooms 67,122 23.5 78,772 24.1 986,085 34.7
    4 bedrooms 22,352 7.8 25,441 7.8 462,822 16.3
    5 or more bedrooms 7,797 2.7 8,757 2.7 121,016 4.3
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      Owner-occupied 89,071 34.1 105,432 35.0 1,579,953 61.7
      Renter-occupied 172,421 65.9 195,409 65.0 979,998 38.3
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 3 ... 3  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 24,037 9.2 26,271 8.7 149,613 5.8
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 116,460 44.5 132,148 43.9 858,396 33.5
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 65,256 25.0 76,053 25.3 704,141 27.5
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 28,357 10.8 33,450 11.1 383,453 15.0
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 12,161 4.7 14,301 4.8 200,254 7.8
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 15,221 5.8 18,618 6.2 264,094 10.3
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      No vehicles available 92,670 35.4 101,872 33.9 324,206 12.7
      1 vehicle available 110,209 42.1 126,371 42.0 915,235 35.8
      2 vehicles available 45,591 17.4 56,911 18.9 928,746 36.3
      3 or more vehicles available 13,022 5.0 15,687 5.2 391,764 15.3
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      Utility gas 144,965 55.4 168,793 56.1 1,306,073 51.0
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 5,536 2.1 6,310 2.1 79,528 3.1
      Electricity 75,833 29.0 84,505 28.1 403,279 15.8
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 30,016 11.5 35,651 11.9 690,548 27.0
      Coal or coke 0 0.0 0 0.0 3,301 0.1
      Wood 326 0.1 453 0.2 38,927 1.5
      Solar energy 196 0.1 196 0.1 1,693 0.1
      Other fuel 1,837 0.7 1,926 0.6 20,120 0.8
      No fuel used 2,783 1.1 3,007 1.0 16,482 0.6
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 882 0.3 1,060 0.4 10,745 0.4
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 2,362 0.9 2,848 0.9 19,355 0.8
      No telephone service available 5,615 2.1 6,444 2.1 47,547 1.9
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 261,492 100.0 300,841 100.0 2,559,951 100.0
      1.00 or less 253,767 97.0 291,679 97.0 2,510,373 98.1
      1.01 to 1.50 4,903 1.9 5,965 2.0 32,501 1.3
      1.51 or more 2,822 1.1 3,197 1.1 17,077 0.7
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 89,071 34.1 105,432 35.0 1,579,953 61.7
      Less than $50,000 1,564 0.6 1,904 0.6 24,254 0.9
      $50,000 to $99,999 115 0.0 303 0.1 27,904 1.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 488 0.2 629 0.2 63,583 2.5
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,763 0.7 2,524 0.8 134,511 5.3
      $200,000 to $299,999 10,685 4.1 14,375 4.8 358,554 14.0
      $300,000 to $499,999 38,638 14.8 47,986 16.0 571,314 22.3
      $500,000 to $999,999 27,667 10.6 29,483 9.8 325,797 12.7
      $1,000,000 or more 8,151 3.1 8,228 2.7 74,036 2.9
      Median (dollars) 453,000 ... 432,400 ... 352,100  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 89,071 100.0 105,432 100.0 1,579,953 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 66,883 75.1 77,824 73.8 1,105,274 70.0
      Housing units without a mortgage 22,188 24.9 27,608 26.2 474,679 30.0
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 66,883 100.0 77,824 100.0 1,105,274 100.0
      Less than $500 109 0.2 109 0.1 3,722 0.3
      $500 to $999 3,022 4.5 3,422 4.4 63,143 5.7
      $1,000 to $1,499 8,508 12.7 10,108 13.0 193,913 17.5
      $1,500 to $1,999 14,590 21.8 18,176 23.4 269,688 24.4
      $2,000 to $2,499 15,214 22.7 17,753 22.8 232,625 21.0
      $2,500 to $2,999 10,338 15.5 11,896 15.3 139,422 12.6
      $3,000 or more 15,102 22.6 16,360 21.0 202,761 18.3
      Median (dollars) 2,237 ... 2,200 ... 2,048  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 22,188 100.0 27,608 100.0 474,679 100.0
      Less than $250 936 4.2 1,060 3.8 9,603 2.0
      $250 to $399 1,945 8.8 2,069 7.5 27,176 5.7
      $400 to $599 4,563 20.6 5,327 19.3 97,256 20.5
      $600 to $799 4,568 20.6 6,316 22.9 128,552 27.1
      $800 to $999 3,867 17.4 5,178 18.8 90,004 19.0
      $1,000 or more 6,309 28.4 7,658 27.7 122,088 25.7
      Median (dollars) 761 ... 770 ... 760  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 66,526 100.0 77,434 100.0 1,101,401 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 23,080 34.7 26,354 34.0 422,041 38.3
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 11,382 17.1 12,943 16.7 187,206 17.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 6,400 9.6 7,517 9.7 133,240 12.1
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 5,579 8.4 6,606 8.5 85,528 7.8
      35.0 percent or more 20,085 30.2 24,014 31.0 273,386 24.8
             
      Not computed 357 0.5 390 0.5 3,873 0.4
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 21,497 100.0 26,917 100.0 469,884 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 8,297 38.6 9,517 35.4 155,198 33.0
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 3,125 14.5 3,986 14.8 92,057 19.6
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 2,501 11.6 3,499 13.0 58,216 12.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,427 6.6 1,851 6.9 40,611 8.6
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,374 6.4 1,814 6.7 29,022 6.2
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 486 2.3 753 2.8 18,845 4.0
      35.0 percent or more 4,287 19.9 5,497 20.4 75,935 16.2
             
      Not computed 691 3.2 691 2.6 4,795 1.0
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 169,076 100.0 191,147 100.0 942,501 100.0
      Less than $500 30,119 17.8 33,410 17.5 138,238 14.7
      $500 to $999 22,904 13.5 26,271 13.7 233,053 24.7
      $1,000 to $1,499 37,706 22.3 47,184 24.7 290,947 30.9
      $1,500 to $1,999 38,366 22.7 42,886 22.4 161,366 17.1
      $2,000 to $2,499 19,743 11.7 20,860 10.9 65,792 7.0
      $2,500 to $2,999 10,141 6.0 10,439 5.5 29,029 3.1
      $3,000 or more 10,097 6.0 10,097 5.3 24,076 2.6
      Median (dollars) 1,423 ... 1,387 ... 1,164  
             
      No rent paid 3,345 2.0 4,262 2.2 37,497 4.0
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 163,340 100.0 184,862 100.0 919,579 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 19,664 12.0 21,245 11.5 111,934 12.2
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 17,028 10.4 20,003 10.8 113,151 12.3
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 21,203 13.0 23,869 12.9 117,026 12.7
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 17,053 10.4 19,596 10.6 106,053 11.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 20,443 12.5 22,303 12.1 97,349 10.6
      35.0 percent or more 67,949 41.6 77,846 42.1 374,066 40.7
             
      Housing Units 9,081 5.6 10,547 5.7 60,419 6.6
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.


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