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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Billings, MT [3006550]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Billings is located in Yellowstone County (30111). The population of Billings changed from 104,554 in 2010 to 110,323 in 2016; a change of 5,769 (5.5%). The county population changed from 148,410 to 158,437, a change of 10,027 (6.8%) during the same period.

Billings is located in the Billings, MT MSA (CBSA 13740). The CBSA population changed from 159,358 to 169,728 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 10,370 (6.5%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 249th based on 2016 population, 178th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 132nd based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 1-year estimates, the total resident population was 110,270. The population of one race include 90.3% White alone, 0.9% Black alone, 4.4% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 1.0% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 6.8% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 47,970 total housing units, 44,677 were occupied housing units (households) or 93.1% of total units. Of the 27,951 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $208,200. Of the 27,951 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $849. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 26,558 family households, 6.0% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 9.3% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $58,375 with median family income of $68,141. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 25,041 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 12,189 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 75,152 population 25 years and over, 93.4% were high school graduates and 33.9% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Billings, MTYellowstone County Montana
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 104,554   148,410   990,641  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 105,599 1.00 149,845 0.97 997,821 0.72
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 107,090 1.41 151,887 1.36 1,005,196 0.74
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 108,920 1.71 153,982 1.38 1,014,314 0.91
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 108,820 -0.09 155,469 0.97 1,022,867 0.84
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 110,208 1.28 156,946 0.95 1,032,073 0.90
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 110,323 0.10 158,437 0.95 1,042,520 1.01
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Billings, MTYellowstone County Montana
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 110,270 100.0 157,048 100.0 1,032,949 100.0
      Male 52,705 47.8 77,240 49.2 519,026 50.2
      Female 57,565 52.2 79,808 50.8 513,923 49.8
             
      Under 5 years 6,746 6.1 10,120 6.4 60,420 5.8
      5 to 9 years 9,034 8.2 12,054 7.7 64,845 6.3
      10 to 14 years 5,273 4.8 8,917 5.7 63,246 6.1
      15 to 19 years 6,042 5.5 8,789 5.6 66,756 6.5
      20 to 24 years 8,023 7.3 9,842 6.3 71,353 6.9
      25 to 34 years 18,180 16.5 22,574 14.4 128,657 12.5
      35 to 44 years 12,496 11.3 19,045 12.1 118,633 11.5
      45 to 54 years 13,464 12.2 19,768 12.6 128,947 12.5
      55 to 59 years 7,523 6.8 11,277 7.2 74,223 7.2
      60 to 64 years 6,428 5.8 9,789 6.2 76,938 7.4
      65 to 74 years 9,533 8.6 13,986 8.9 105,390 10.2
      75 to 84 years 4,630 4.2 6,927 4.4 52,630 5.1
      85 years and over 2,898 2.6 3,960 2.5 20,911 2.0
             
      Median age (years) 36.3 ... 38.0 ... 39.9  
             
      18 years and over 85,672 77.7 120,190 76.5 806,722 78.1
      21 years and over 81,933 74.3 115,736 73.7 763,551 73.9
      62 years and over 20,959 19.0 30,205 19.2 223,823 21.7
      65 years and over 17,061 15.5 24,873 15.8 178,931 17.3
             
      18 years and over 85,672 77.7 120,190 76.5 806,722 78.1
        Male 41,250 37.4 58,572 37.3 403,584 39.1
        Female 44,422 40.3 61,618 39.2 403,138 39.0
             
      65 years and over 17,061 15.5 24,873 15.8 178,931 17.3
        Male 7,550 6.8 11,058 7.0 85,187 8.2
        Female 9,511 8.6 13,815 8.8 93,744 9.1
             
 RACE            
    Total population 110,270 100.0 157,048 100.0 1,032,949 100.0
      One race 107,201 97.2 153,191 97.5 1,005,779 97.4
      Two or more races 3,069 2.8 3,857 2.5 27,170 2.6
             
    One race 107,201 97.2 153,191 97.5 1,005,779 97.4
      White 99,558 90.3 142,882 91.0 918,701 88.9
      Black or African American 985 0.9 1,008 0.6 4,725 0.5
      American Indian and Alaska Native 4,886 4.4 7,177 4.6 65,106 6.3
        Cherokee tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 880 0.1
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 2,503 0.2
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 941 0.1
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 3,058 0.3
      Asian 1,113 1.0 1,316 0.8 9,071 0.9
        Asian Indian -2 0.0 -2 0.0 250 0.0
        Chinese -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,922 0.2
        Filipino -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,303 0.1
        Japanese -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,590 0.2
        Korean -2 0.0 -2 0.0 2,804 0.3
        Vietnamese -2 0.0 -2 0.0 331 0.0
        Other Asian -2 0.0 -2 0.0 871 0.1
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0 0.0 0 0.0 1,034 0.1
        Native Hawaiian -2 0.0 -2 0.0 640 0.1
        Guamanian or Chamorro -2 0.0 -2 0.0 0 0.0
        Samoan -2 0.0 -2 0.0 130 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander -2 0.0 -2 0.0 264 0.0
      Some other race 659 0.6 808 0.5 7,142 0.7
    Two or more races 3,069 2.8 3,857 2.5 27,170 2.6
      White and Black or African American 1,114 1.0 1,431 0.9 4,009 0.4
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 928 0.8 1,359 0.9 16,626 1.6
      White and Asian 609 0.6 609 0.4 2,692 0.3
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 40 0.0 63 0.0 288 0.0
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 110,270 100.0 157,048 100.0 1,032,949 100.0
      White 102,522 93.0 146,611 93.4 944,642 91.5
      Black or African American 2,200 2.0 2,563 1.6 9,857 1.0
      American Indian and Alaska Native 6,066 5.5 8,811 5.6 83,633 8.1
      Asian 1,873 1.7 2,076 1.3 12,973 1.3
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander -2 0.0 -2 0.0 2,423 0.2
      Some other race 825 0.7 991 0.6 8,214 0.8
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 110,270 100.0 157,048 100.0 1,032,949 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 7,526 6.8 8,558 5.4 37,302 3.6
        Mexican -2 0.0 -2 0.0 25,927 2.5
        Puerto Rican -2 0.0 -2 0.0 3,220 0.3
        Cuban -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,073 0.1
        Other Hispanic or Latino -2 0.0 -2 0.0 7,082 0.7
      Not Hispanic or Latino 102,744 93.2 148,490 94.6 995,647 96.4
        White alone 93,716 85.0 136,355 86.8 894,545 86.6
        Black or African American alone 688 0.6 711 0.5 4,289 0.4
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 4,809 4.4 6,919 4.4 62,709 6.1
        Asian alone 984 0.9 1,187 0.8 8,643 0.8
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0 0.0 0 0.0 1,034 0.1
        Some other race alone 14 0.0 14 0.0 141 0.0
        Two or more races 2,533 2.3 3,304 2.1 24,286 2.4
         Two races including Some other race 0 0.0 0 0.0 234 0.0
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 2,533 2.3 3,304 2.1 24,052 2.3
             
    Total housing units 47,970 ... 67,559 ... 494,222  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 84,695 76.8 119,213 75.9 797,198 77.2
      Male 40,793 37.0 58,115 37.0 398,833 38.6
      Female 43,902 39.8 61,098 38.9 398,365 38.6
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Billings, MTYellowstone County Montana
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      Family households (families) 26,558 59.4 38,736 61.6 253,101 61.0
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 11,778 26.4 17,459 27.8 99,864 24.1
      Married-couple family 21,113 47.3 30,669 48.8 202,848 48.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 8,399 18.8 12,420 19.8 70,742 17.1
      Male householder, no wife present, family 1,938 4.3 2,928 4.7 15,601 3.8
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 1,137 2.5 1,927 3.1 9,175 2.2
      Female householder, no husband present, family 3,507 7.8 5,139 8.2 34,652 8.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 2,242 5.0 3,112 5.0 19,947 4.8
      Nonfamily households 18,119 40.6 24,111 38.4 161,703 39.0
        Householder living alone 14,107 31.6 18,836 30.0 130,665 31.5
         65 years and over 4,687 10.5 6,309 10.0 48,524 11.7
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 12,855 28.8 19,079 30.4 109,289 26.3
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 11,806 26.4 17,080 27.2 123,761 29.8
             
      Average household size 2.40 ... 2.44 ... 2.42  
      Average family size 2.99 ... 3.04 ... 3.05  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 107,137 100.0 153,618 100.0 1,004,082 100.0
      Householder 44,677 41.7 62,847 40.9 414,804 41.3
      Spouse 21,196 19.8 30,651 20.0 202,330 20.2
      Child 28,414 26.5 43,177 28.1 270,721 27.0
      Other relatives 3,175 3.0 5,082 3.3 44,835 4.5
      Nonrelatives 9,675 9.0 11,861 7.7 71,392 7.1
        Unmarried partner 3,703 3.5 4,728 3.1 28,039 2.8
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 43,159 100.0 61,737 100.0 423,623 100.0
      Never married 13,909 32.2 19,055 30.9 141,041 33.3
      Now married, except separated 21,948 50.9 31,646 51.3 214,152 50.6
      Separated 834 1.9 1,061 1.7 5,162 1.2
      Widowed 1,050 2.4 2,038 3.3 13,570 3.2
      Divorced 5,418 12.6 7,937 12.9 49,698 11.7
             
    Females 15 years and over 46,058 100.0 64,220 100.0 420,815 100.0
      Never married 12,445 27.0 16,000 24.9 105,097 25.0
      Now married, except separated 22,376 48.6 32,537 50.7 213,529 50.7
      Separated 634 1.4 897 1.4 4,707 1.1
      Widowed 3,756 8.2 5,597 8.7 37,561 8.9
      Divorced 6,847 14.9 9,189 14.3 59,921 14.2
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 2,013 100.0 2,629 100.0 12,432 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 646 32.1 646 24.6 3,610 29.0
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 45 2.2 35 1.3 30 0.2
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 78 3.9 75 2.9 57 0.5
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 34 1.7 24 0.9 13 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 119 5.9 130 4.9 101 0.8
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 33 1.6 29 1.1 24 0.2
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years -2 ... 1,979 100.0 15,051 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren -2 ... 938 47.4 6,663 44.3
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year -2 ... 283 14.3 1,390 9.2
        1 or 2 years -2 ... 510 25.8 1,370 9.1
        3 or 4 years -2 ... 29 1.5 953 6.3
        5 or more years -2 ... 116 5.9 2,950 19.6
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years -2 ... 938 100.0 6,663 100.0
      Who are female 300 ... 654 69.7 4,257 63.9
      Who are married -2 ... 597 63.6 4,610 69.2
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 25,041 100.0 35,353 100.0 233,966 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 1,376 5.5 1,706 4.8 12,314 5.3
      Kindergarten 1,824 7.3 2,218 6.3 13,052 5.6
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 10,365 41.4 16,044 45.4 100,351 42.9
      High school (grades 9-12) 5,334 21.3 7,776 22.0 48,932 20.9
      College or graduate school 6,142 24.5 7,609 21.5 59,317 25.4
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 75,152 100.0 107,326 100.0 706,329 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 1,073 1.4 1,543 1.4 14,391 2.0
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 3,916 5.2 4,990 4.6 31,182 4.4
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 22,209 29.6 34,932 32.5 222,399 31.5
      Some college, no degree 16,589 22.1 24,402 22.7 161,387 22.8
      Associate's degree 5,853 7.8 9,492 8.8 60,796 8.6
      Bachelor's degree 18,439 24.5 22,692 21.1 144,135 20.4
      Graduate or professional degree 7,073 9.4 9,275 8.6 72,039 10.2
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 93.40 ... 93.90 ... 93.50  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 33.90 ... 29.80 ... 30.60  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 85,493 100.0 119,787 100.0 803,198 100.0
      Civilian veterans 9,121 10.7 13,232 11.0 85,487 10.6
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 108,395 100.0 154,689 100.0 1,017,458 100.0
      With a disability 14,667 13.5 22,856 14.8 139,777 13.7
             
    Under 18 years 24,519 22.6 36,626 23.7 225,169 22.1
      With a disability 1,321 1.2 2,180 1.4 8,036 0.8
             
    18 to 64 years 67,638 62.4 94,120 60.8 618,119 60.8
      With a disability 8,000 7.4 11,419 7.4 71,852 7.1
             
    65 years and over 16,238 15.0 23,943 15.5 174,170 17.1
      With a disability 5,346 4.9 9,257 6.0 59,889 5.9
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 108,378 100.0 154,631 100.0 1,019,646 100.0
      Same house 86,637 79.9 128,120 82.9 855,861 83.9
      Different house in the U.S. 21,552 19.9 26,183 16.9 160,960 15.8
        Same county 14,287 13.2 17,801 11.5 84,149 8.3
        Different county 7,265 6.7 8,382 5.4 76,811 7.5
         Same state 3,363 3.1 3,605 2.3 34,051 3.3
         Different state 3,902 3.6 4,777 3.1 42,760 4.2
      Abroad 189 0.2 328 0.2 2,825 0.3
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 110,270 100.0 157,048 100.0 1,032,949 100.0
      Native 107,064 97.1 153,492 97.7 1,011,593 97.9
        Born in United States 105,941 96.1 152,100 96.8 1,003,265 97.1
         State of residence 62,441 56.6 90,763 57.8 560,555 54.3
         Different state 43,500 39.4 61,337 39.1 442,710 42.9
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 1,123 1.0 1,392 0.9 8,328 0.8
      Foreign born 3,206 2.9 3,556 2.3 21,356 2.1
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 3,206 100.0 3,556 100.0 21,356 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 2,108 65.8 2,396 67.4 11,373 53.3
      Not a U.S. citizen 1,098 34.2 1,160 32.6 9,983 46.7
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 4,329 100.0 4,948 100.0 29,684 100.0
             
      Native 1,123 25.9 1,392 28.1 8,328 28.1
        Entered 2010 or later 294 6.8 294 5.9 1,437 4.8
        Entered before 2010 829 19.1 1,098 22.2 6,891 23.2
             
      Foreign born 3,206 74.1 3,556 71.9 21,356 71.9
        Entered 2010 or later 392 9.1 454 9.2 4,502 15.2
        Entered before 2010 2,814 65.0 3,102 62.7 16,854 56.8
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea -2 ... -2 ... 21,356 100.0
      Europe -2 ... -2 ... 4,863 22.8
      Asia -2 ... -2 ... 5,541 25.9
      Africa -2 ... -2 ... 946 4.4
      Oceania -2 ... -2 ... 496 2.3
      Latin America -2 ... -2 ... 4,625 21.7
      Northern America -2 ... -2 ... 4,885 22.9
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 103,524 100.0 146,928 100.0 972,529 100.0
      English only 98,901 95.5 141,417 96.2 931,419 95.8
      Language other than English 4,623 4.5 5,511 3.8 41,110 4.2
        Speak English less than "very well" 1,986 1.9 2,099 1.4 9,223 0.9
      Spanish -2 0.0 -2 0.0 14,233 1.5
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 -2 0.0 3,860 0.4
      Other Indo-European languages -2 0.0 -2 0.0 13,105 1.3
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,453 0.1
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages -2 0.0 -2 0.0 4,893 0.5
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,760 0.2
      Other languages -2 0.0 -2 0.0 8,879 0.9
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 -2 0.0 2,150 0.2
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 110,270 100.0 157,048 100.0 1,032,949 100.0
      American 14,699 13.3 21,530 13.7 77,236 7.5
      Arab 44 0.0 44 0.0 2,626 0.3
      Czech 511 0.5 665 0.4 7,557 0.7
      Danish 1,819 1.6 1,938 1.2 13,045 1.3
      Dutch 1,159 1.1 2,029 1.3 23,762 2.3
      English 11,619 10.5 16,647 10.6 111,071 10.8
      French (except Basque) 3,131 2.8 5,117 3.3 34,547 3.3
      French Canadian 672 0.6 1,192 0.8 8,792 0.9
      German 26,643 24.2 40,261 25.6 258,513 25.0
      Greek 130 0.1 130 0.1 2,393 0.2
      Hungarian 141 0.1 191 0.1 3,185 0.3
      Irish 12,520 11.4 16,916 10.8 146,585 14.2
      Italian 2,278 2.1 3,490 2.2 38,453 3.7
      Lithuanian 37 0.0 37 0.0 1,470 0.1
      Norwegian 8,866 8.0 12,935 8.2 91,894 8.9
      Polish 2,316 2.1 3,534 2.3 18,794 1.8
      Portuguese 277 0.3 324 0.2 1,595 0.2
      Russian 1,583 1.4 2,148 1.4 8,487 0.8
      Scotch-Irish 1,080 1.0 1,518 1.0 13,048 1.3
      Scottish 1,838 1.7 3,313 2.1 30,784 3.0
      Slovak 43 0.0 86 0.1 676 0.1
      Subsaharan African 38 0.0 38 0.0 721 0.1
      Swedish 3,313 3.0 3,749 2.4 30,031 2.9
      Swiss 354 0.3 473 0.3 5,502 0.5
      Ukrainian 165 0.1 177 0.1 1,405 0.1
      Welsh 1,048 1.0 1,517 1.0 11,053 1.1
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 119 0.1 119 0.1 320 0.0
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      With a computer 40,926 91.6 56,795 90.4 357,019 86.1
      With a broadband Internet subscription 36,991 82.8 50,971 81.1 310,897 75.0
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Billings, MTYellowstone County Montana
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 88,134 100.0 124,069 100.0 829,911 100.0
      In labor force 60,215 68.3 83,164 67.0 516,733 62.3
        Civilian labor force 60,036 68.1 82,761 66.7 513,209 61.8
         Employed 58,275 66.1 80,152 64.6 489,875 59.0
         Unemployed 1,761 2.0 2,609 2.1 23,334 2.8
        Armed Forces 179 0.2 403 0.3 3,524 0.4
      Not in labor force 27,919 31.7 40,905 33.0 313,178 37.7
             
    Civilian labor force 60,036 68.1 82,761 66.7 513,209 61.8
      Unemployment Rate 2.9 ... 3.2 ... 4.5  
             
    Females 16 years and over 45,491 51.6 63,279 51.0 413,711 49.9
      In labor force 29,009 32.9 39,159 31.6 240,798 29.0
        Civilian labor force 29,009 32.9 39,159 31.6 240,403 29.0
         Employed 28,127 31.9 38,027 30.6 230,542 27.8
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 8,063 9.1 11,713 9.4 70,734 8.5
      All parents in family in labor force 5,916 6.7 7,736 6.2 42,716 5.1
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 15,413 17.5 23,355 18.8 141,697 17.1
      All parents in family in labor force 12,275 13.9 17,931 14.5 99,988 12.0
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 57,396 100.0 79,166 100.0 484,043 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 47,248 82.3 64,901 82.0 360,669 74.5
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 5,342 9.3 7,734 9.8 50,328 10.4
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 515 0.9 534 0.7 3,774 0.8
      Walked 2,045 3.6 2,397 3.0 27,183 5.6
      Other means 307 0.5 789 1.0 12,980 2.7
      Worked at home 1,939 3.4 2,811 3.6 29,109 6.0
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 17 ... 19 ... 18  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 58,275 100.0 80,152 100.0 489,875 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 21,650 37.2 27,872 34.8 186,486 38.1
      Service occupations 11,813 20.3 15,594 19.5 91,752 18.7
      Sales and office occupations 12,537 21.5 18,352 22.9 104,236 21.3
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 7,557 13.0 10,593 13.2 67,153 13.7
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 4,718 8.1 7,741 9.7 40,248 8.2
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 58,275 100.0 80,152 100.0 489,875 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 1,183 2.0 2,458 3.1 34,242 7.0
      Construction 5,503 9.4 7,905 9.9 45,581 9.3
      Manufacturing 2,589 4.4 4,018 5.0 20,210 4.1
      Wholesale trade 1,606 2.8 2,384 3.0 11,549 2.4
      Retail trade 6,640 11.4 9,444 11.8 55,990 11.4
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 2,515 4.3 3,763 4.7 22,500 4.6
      Information 2,034 3.5 2,451 3.1 9,067 1.9
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 4,404 7.6 5,529 6.9 26,248 5.4
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 6,185 10.6 8,128 10.1 39,136 8.0
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 14,230 24.4 18,195 22.7 118,442 24.2
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 6,156 10.6 8,360 10.4 50,739 10.4
      Other services, except public administration 2,655 4.6 4,245 5.3 24,946 5.1
      Public administration 2,575 4.4 3,272 4.1 31,225 6.4
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 58,275 100.0 80,152 100.0 489,875 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 46,801 80.3 64,480 80.4 352,585 72.0
      Government workers 6,865 11.8 9,033 11.3 90,529 18.5
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 4,528 7.8 6,526 8.1 44,456 9.1
      Unpaid family workers 81 0.1 113 0.1 2,305 0.5
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      Less than $10,000 2,148 4.8 2,503 4.0 29,708 7.2
      $10,000 to $14,999 2,120 4.7 2,661 4.2 23,097 5.6
      $15,000 to $24,999 4,615 10.3 6,450 10.3 50,154 12.1
      $25,000 to $34,999 4,288 9.6 5,772 9.2 46,174 11.1
      $35,000 to $49,999 5,534 12.4 8,961 14.3 59,680 14.4
      $50,000 to $74,999 10,959 24.5 14,839 23.6 81,776 19.7
      $75,000 to $99,999 6,327 14.2 8,598 13.7 48,871 11.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 5,446 12.2 8,153 13.0 47,643 11.5
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,569 3.5 2,309 3.7 13,262 3.2
      $200,000 or more 1,671 3.7 2,601 4.1 14,439 3.5
      Median household income (dollars) 58,375 ... 58,026 ... 49,509  
      Mean household income (dollars) 71,691 ... 74,245 ... 66,110  
             
      With earnings 36,019 80.6 50,518 80.4 314,858 75.9
        Mean earnings (dollars) 71,214 ... 72,853 ... 64,396  
      With Social Security 12,083 27.0 17,827 28.4 138,105 33.3
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 18,266 ... 18,083 ... 17,687  
      With retirement income 7,216 16.2 10,918 17.4 80,257 19.3
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 20,223 ... 22,954 ... 24,060  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 2,537 5.7 3,606 5.7 20,050 4.8
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 9,346 ... 9,412 ... 9,108  
      With cash public assistance income 645 1.4 928 1.5 8,666 2.1
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 3,528 ... 3,860 ... 3,800  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 2,750 6.2 3,972 6.3 37,798 9.1
             
    Families 26,558 100.0 38,736 100.0 253,101 100.0
      Less than $10,000 705 2.7 1,079 2.8 10,300 4.1
      $10,000 to $14,999 438 1.6 614 1.6 7,031 2.8
      $15,000 to $24,999 1,429 5.4 2,128 5.5 17,723 7.0
      $25,000 to $34,999 2,315 8.7 3,216 8.3 22,902 9.0
      $35,000 to $49,999 3,315 12.5 5,293 13.7 35,976 14.2
      $50,000 to $74,999 6,596 24.8 9,122 23.5 55,787 22.0
      $75,000 to $99,999 4,701 17.7 6,566 17.0 39,438 15.6
      $100,000 to $149,999 4,657 17.5 6,890 17.8 40,575 16.0
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,266 4.8 2,006 5.2 11,166 4.4
      $200,000 or more 1,136 4.3 1,822 4.7 12,203 4.8
      Median family income (dollars) 68,141 ... 67,966 ... 64,061  
      Mean family income (dollars) 85,646 ... 86,026 ... 81,031  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 29,721 ... 30,363 ... 27,735  
             
    Nonfamily households 18,119 ... 24,111 ... 161,703  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 35,789 ... 36,547 ... 28,714  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 47,515 ... 51,100 ... 40,070  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 31,704 ... 32,470 ... 27,317  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 46,263 ... 47,810 ... 46,123  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 35,131 ... 35,565 ... 33,443  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 108,395 100.0 154,689 100.0 1,017,458 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 96,253 88.8 138,574 89.6 898,949 88.4
        With private health insurance 78,867 72.8 112,942 73.0 709,372 69.7
        With public coverage 31,388 29.0 46,065 29.8 335,453 33.0
      No health insurance coverage 12,142 11.2 16,115 10.4 118,509 11.6
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 24,519 100.0 36,626 100.0 225,169 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 1,319 ... 2,331 ... 17,119  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 67,638 100.0 94,120 100.0 618,119 100.0
      In labor force: 56,484 83.5 77,282 82.1 473,547 76.6
        Employed: 54,782 81.0 74,862 79.5 451,577 73.1
         With health insurance coverage 46,516 68.8 64,819 68.9 385,336 62.3
         With private health insurance 44,653 66.0 62,286 66.2 368,210 59.6
         With public coverage 2,556 3.8 3,839 4.1 30,148 4.9
         No health insurance coverage 8,266 12.2 10,043 10.7 66,241 10.7
        Unemployed: 1,702 2.5 2,420 2.6 21,970 3.6
         With health insurance coverage 1,143 1.7 1,582 1.7 14,425 2.3
         With private health insurance 879 1.3 1,318 1.4 10,684 1.7
         With public coverage 264 0.4 375 0.4 4,928 0.8
         No health insurance coverage 559 0.8 838 0.9 7,545 1.2
      Not in labor force: 11,154 16.5 16,838 17.9 144,572 23.4
        With health insurance coverage 9,156 13.5 13,935 14.8 117,417 19.0
         With private health insurance 5,922 8.8 8,871 9.4 79,873 12.9
         With public coverage 4,041 6.0 6,365 6.8 49,023 7.9
        No health insurance coverage 1,998 3.0 2,903 3.1 27,155 4.4
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 6.0 ... 6.2 ... 9.3  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 11.2 ... 10.9 ... 16.2  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 19.5 ... 19.0 ... 25.5  
    Married couple families 1.3 ... 2.3 ... 4.5  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 0.7 ... 3.1 ... 6.4  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 2.6 ... 6.0 ... 9.1  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 35.4 ... 31.0 ... 33.9  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 49.4 ... 41.8 ... 45.3  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 46.9 ... 44.1 ... 64.5  
             
    All people 9.3 ... 9.2 ... 14.6  
    Under 18 years 12.0 ... 13.1 ... 19.4  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 11.2 ... 12.4 ... 18.9  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 16.7 ... 21.3 ... 25.0  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 9.1 ... 8.9 ... 16.7  
    18 years and over 8.6 ... 8.0 ... 13.3  
    18 to 64 years 9.4 ... 8.5 ... 14.9  
    65 years and over 5.0 ... 5.8 ... 7.6  
    People in families 6.0 ... 6.8 ... 10.7  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 18.9 ... 17.0 ... 27.5  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Billings, MTYellowstone County Montana
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 47,970 100.0 67,559 100.0 494,222 100.0
      Occupied housing units 44,677 93.1 62,847 93.0 414,804 83.9
      Vacant housing units 3,293 6.9 4,712 7.0 79,418 16.1
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 0.20 ... 0.70 ... 1.70  
      Rental vacancy rate 3.50 ... 4.30 ... 5.40  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 47,970 100.0 67,559 100.0 494,222 100.0
    1-unit, detached 29,356 61.2 43,074 63.8 339,405 68.7
    1-unit, attached 3,008 6.3 3,285 4.9 16,541 3.3
    2 units 4,043 8.4 4,263 6.3 16,615 3.4
    3 or 4 units 1,524 3.2 1,607 2.4 18,737 3.8
    5 to 9 units 2,593 5.4 2,763 4.1 13,873 2.8
    10 to 19 units 1,570 3.3 1,730 2.6 12,033 2.4
    20 or more units 2,850 5.9 3,301 4.9 18,059 3.7
    Mobile home 2,948 6.1 7,458 11.0 57,930 11.7
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 78 0.2 78 0.1 1,029 0.2
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 47,970 100.0 67,559 100.0 494,222 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 281 0.6 481 0.7 2,939 0.6
    Built 2010 to 2013 1,257 2.6 2,106 3.1 14,926 3.0
    Built 2000 to 2009 6,615 13.8 9,516 14.1 76,781 15.5
    Built 1990 to 1999 6,656 13.9 9,009 13.3 66,780 13.5
    Built 1980 to 1989 4,657 9.7 7,795 11.5 52,591 10.6
    Built 1970 to 1979 8,440 17.6 14,166 21.0 95,615 19.3
    Built 1960 to 1969 4,889 10.2 6,047 9.0 42,945 8.7
    Built 1950 to 1959 7,811 16.3 8,643 12.8 47,886 9.7
    Built 1940 to 1949 3,669 7.6 4,052 6.0 24,106 4.9
    Built 1939 or earlier 3,695 7.7 5,744 8.5 69,653 14.1
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 47,970 100.0 67,559 100.0 494,222 100.0
    1 room 939 2.0 1,423 2.1 14,503 2.9
    2 rooms 1,743 3.6 2,283 3.4 15,084 3.1
    3 rooms 6,085 12.7 7,628 11.3 43,589 8.8
    4 rooms 9,545 19.9 13,188 19.5 88,784 18.0
    5 rooms 7,447 15.5 10,289 15.2 97,059 19.6
    6 rooms 6,427 13.4 9,343 13.8 75,107 15.2
    7 rooms 4,618 9.6 6,946 10.3 53,851 10.9
    8 rooms 4,215 8.8 6,234 9.2 43,651 8.8
    9 rooms or more 6,951 14.5 10,225 15.1 62,594 12.7
    Median rooms 5 ... 5 ... 5  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 47,970 100.0 67,559 100.0 494,222 100.0
    No bedroom 1,087 2.3 1,611 2.4 15,254 3.1
    1 bedroom 4,629 9.6 5,830 8.6 48,204 9.8
    2 bedrooms 12,901 26.9 17,307 25.6 137,382 27.8
    3 bedrooms 15,432 32.2 22,798 33.7 181,220 36.7
    4 bedrooms 9,762 20.4 14,325 21.2 80,324 16.3
    5 or more bedrooms 4,159 8.7 5,688 8.4 31,838 6.4
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      Owner-occupied 27,951 62.6 42,325 67.3 276,490 66.7
      Renter-occupied 16,726 37.4 20,522 32.7 138,314 33.3
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 3 ... 3  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 4,399 9.8 5,342 8.5 30,641 7.4
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 17,213 38.5 21,872 34.8 145,610 35.1
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 11,651 26.1 17,916 28.5 115,570 27.9
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 6,320 14.1 10,187 16.2 64,003 15.4
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 2,020 4.5 2,979 4.7 27,484 6.6
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 3,074 6.9 4,551 7.2 31,496 7.6
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      No vehicles available 2,192 4.9 2,837 4.5 22,431 5.4
      1 vehicle available 12,492 28.0 16,103 25.6 115,407 27.8
      2 vehicles available 17,722 39.7 24,061 38.3 159,458 38.4
      3 or more vehicles available 12,271 27.5 19,846 31.6 117,508 28.3
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      Utility gas 35,664 79.8 46,455 73.9 224,376 54.1
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 585 1.3 4,127 6.6 49,552 11.9
      Electricity 7,982 17.9 10,515 16.7 98,131 23.7
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 0 0.0 51 0.1 4,243 1.0
      Coal or coke 0 0.0 82 0.1 541 0.1
      Wood 285 0.6 1,045 1.7 32,691 7.9
      Solar energy 0 0.0 40 0.1 310 0.1
      Other fuel 59 0.1 341 0.5 3,351 0.8
      No fuel used 102 0.2 191 0.3 1,609 0.4
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 34 0.1 174 0.3 1,737 0.4
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 272 0.6 385 0.6 3,618 0.9
      No telephone service available 1,135 2.5 1,462 2.3 12,449 3.0
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 44,677 100.0 62,847 100.0 414,804 100.0
      1.00 or less 43,341 97.0 61,029 97.1 405,859 97.8
      1.01 to 1.50 1,336 3.0 1,795 2.9 6,871 1.7
      1.51 or more 0 0.0 23 0.0 2,074 0.5
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 27,951 62.6 42,325 67.3 276,490 66.7
      Less than $50,000 1,280 2.9 3,467 5.5 25,771 6.2
      $50,000 to $99,999 1,183 2.6 1,823 2.9 24,119 5.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,814 6.3 4,494 7.2 31,729 7.6
      $150,000 to $199,999 7,471 16.7 9,624 15.3 48,460 11.7
      $200,000 to $299,999 10,637 23.8 14,491 23.1 75,411 18.2
      $300,000 to $499,999 3,073 6.9 6,319 10.1 47,754 11.5
      $500,000 to $999,999 1,270 2.8 1,884 3.0 18,375 4.4
      $1,000,000 or more 223 0.5 223 0.4 4,871 1.2
      Median (dollars) 208,200 ... 209,300 ... 209,500  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 27,951 100.0 42,325 100.0 276,490 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 18,928 67.7 28,381 67.1 156,863 56.7
      Housing units without a mortgage 9,023 32.3 13,944 32.9 119,627 43.3
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 18,928 100.0 28,381 100.0 156,863 100.0
      Less than $500 355 1.9 355 1.3 2,854 1.8
      $500 to $999 3,979 21.0 5,740 20.2 38,677 24.7
      $1,000 to $1,499 8,573 45.3 12,481 44.0 59,278 37.8
      $1,500 to $1,999 3,628 19.2 6,204 21.9 33,557 21.4
      $2,000 to $2,499 1,461 7.7 2,392 8.4 12,764 8.1
      $2,500 to $2,999 348 1.8 522 1.8 4,857 3.1
      $3,000 or more 584 3.1 687 2.4 4,876 3.1
      Median (dollars) 1,309 ... 1,323 ... 1,316  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 9,023 100.0 13,944 100.0 119,627 100.0
      Less than $250 472 5.2 1,347 9.7 22,183 18.5
      $250 to $399 2,903 32.2 4,358 31.3 40,517 33.9
      $400 to $599 3,650 40.5 5,856 42.0 37,841 31.6
      $600 to $799 1,351 15.0 1,720 12.3 12,331 10.3
      $800 to $999 251 2.8 267 1.9 3,497 2.9
      $1,000 or more 396 4.4 396 2.8 3,258 2.7
      Median (dollars) 444 ... 433 ... 391  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 18,928 100.0 28,330 100.0 155,967 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 7,694 40.6 11,505 40.6 64,846 41.6
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 4,429 23.4 6,519 23.0 26,428 16.9
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 2,102 11.1 3,212 11.3 18,533 11.9
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 1,114 5.9 1,592 5.6 11,201 7.2
      35.0 percent or more 3,589 19.0 5,502 19.4 34,959 22.4
             
      Not computed 0 0.0 51 0.2 896 0.6
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 8,843 100.0 13,680 100.0 118,249 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 4,399 49.7 6,595 48.2 56,054 47.4
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 1,710 19.3 2,952 21.6 22,677 19.2
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 784 8.9 1,141 8.3 13,225 11.2
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 794 9.0 942 6.9 8,322 7.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 29 0.3 393 2.9 3,624 3.1
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 217 2.5 453 3.3 4,080 3.5
      35.0 percent or more 910 10.3 1,204 8.8 10,267 8.7
             
      Not computed 180 2.0 264 1.9 1,378 1.2
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 16,269 100.0 19,877 100.0 125,560 100.0
      Less than $500 1,958 12.0 2,262 11.4 25,433 20.3
      $500 to $999 9,310 57.2 10,975 55.2 69,720 55.5
      $1,000 to $1,499 4,161 25.6 5,529 27.8 23,673 18.9
      $1,500 to $1,999 567 3.5 591 3.0 4,601 3.7
      $2,000 to $2,499 46 0.3 46 0.2 1,289 1.0
      $2,500 to $2,999 145 0.9 392 2.0 418 0.3
      $3,000 or more 82 0.5 82 0.4 426 0.3
      Median (dollars) 849 ... 861 ... 763  
             
      No rent paid 457 2.8 645 3.2 12,754 10.2
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 16,205 100.0 19,723 100.0 123,357 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 2,667 16.5 3,179 16.1 19,533 15.8
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 2,429 15.0 3,097 15.7 16,616 13.5
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,112 13.0 2,346 11.9 17,067 13.8
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 2,035 12.6 2,310 11.7 14,137 11.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 1,196 7.4 1,729 8.8 10,381 8.4
      35.0 percent or more 5,766 35.6 7,062 35.8 45,623 37.0
             
      Housing Units 521 3.2 799 4.1 14,957 12.1
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
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