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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Columbia, SC [4516000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Columbia is located in Richland County (45079). The population of Columbia changed from 130,493 in 2010 to 134,309 in 2016; a change of 3,816 (2.9%). The county population changed from 385,791 to 409,549, a change of 23,758 (6.2%) during the same period.

Columbia is located in the Columbia, SC MSA (CBSA 17900). The CBSA population changed from 769,689 to 817,488 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 47,799 (6.2%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 71st based on 2016 population, 53rd based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 143rd based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 1-year estimates, the total resident population was 133,393. The population of one race include 52.6% White alone, 41.4% Black alone, 0.0% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 1.9% Asian alone, and 0.3% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 5.7% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 53,432 total housing units, 44,858 were occupied housing units (households) or 84.0% of total units. Of the 19,223 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $172,400. Of the 19,223 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $847. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 21,916 family households, 15.8% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 22.6% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $41,435 with median family income of $61,445. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 44,423 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 10,466 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 74,381 population 25 years and over, 88.0% were high school graduates and 40.7% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Columbia, SCRichland County South Carolina
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 130,493   385,791   4,635,943  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 131,190 0.53 389,475 0.95 4,672,637 0.79
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 131,850 0.50 393,501 1.03 4,720,760 1.03
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 131,805 -0.03 397,488 1.01 4,767,894 1.00
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 132,193 0.29 401,337 0.97 4,828,430 1.27
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 133,979 1.35 406,842 1.37 4,894,834 1.38
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 134,309 0.25 409,549 0.67 4,961,119 1.35
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Columbia, SCRichland County South Carolina
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 133,393 100.0 407,051 100.0 4,896,146 100.0
      Male 67,686 50.7 197,036 48.4 2,385,096 48.7
      Female 65,707 49.3 210,015 51.6 2,511,050 51.3
             
      Under 5 years 7,239 5.4 23,661 5.8 287,488 5.9
      5 to 9 years 6,911 5.2 24,167 5.9 310,877 6.3
      10 to 14 years 4,835 3.6 25,252 6.2 302,956 6.2
      15 to 19 years 19,104 14.3 37,200 9.1 329,653 6.7
      20 to 24 years 20,923 15.7 44,725 11.0 345,340 7.1
      25 to 34 years 23,078 17.3 59,503 14.6 631,579 12.9
      35 to 44 years 13,218 9.9 49,429 12.1 600,449 12.3
      45 to 54 years 13,329 10.0 49,985 12.3 651,938 13.3
      55 to 59 years 6,567 4.9 23,606 5.8 330,652 6.8
      60 to 64 years 5,570 4.2 22,775 5.6 311,260 6.4
      65 to 74 years 7,082 5.3 28,651 7.0 490,838 10.0
      75 to 84 years 4,304 3.2 12,759 3.1 218,046 4.5
      85 years and over 1,233 0.9 5,338 1.3 85,070 1.7
             
      Median age (years) 28.0 ... 33.1 ... 39.0  
             
      18 years and over 110,697 83.0 318,674 78.3 3,806,838 77.8
      21 years and over 89,998 67.5 287,881 70.7 3,595,570 73.4
      62 years and over 16,021 12.0 60,213 14.8 977,137 20.0
      65 years and over 12,619 9.5 46,748 11.5 793,954 16.2
             
      18 years and over 110,697 83.0 318,674 78.3 3,806,838 77.8
        Male 56,275 42.2 152,557 37.5 1,824,107 37.3
        Female 54,422 40.8 166,117 40.8 1,982,731 40.5
             
      65 years and over 12,619 9.5 46,748 11.5 793,954 16.2
        Male 5,062 3.8 19,722 4.8 352,949 7.2
        Female 7,557 5.7 27,026 6.6 441,005 9.0
             
 RACE            
    Total population 133,393 100.0 407,051 100.0 4,896,146 100.0
      One race 129,891 97.4 392,173 96.3 4,792,460 97.9
      Two or more races 3,502 2.6 14,878 3.7 103,686 2.1
             
    One race 129,891 97.4 392,173 96.3 4,792,460 97.9
      White 70,223 52.6 190,429 46.8 3,292,094 67.2
      Black or African American 55,213 41.4 185,404 45.5 1,344,114 27.5
      American Indian and Alaska Native 0 0.0 487 0.1 13,761 0.3
        Cherokee tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 1,913 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 267 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 208 0.0
      Asian 2,482 1.9 11,032 2.7 70,342 1.4
        Asian Indian 776 0.6 1,910 0.5 14,634 0.3
        Chinese 967 0.7 2,222 0.5 15,502 0.3
        Filipino 415 0.3 1,945 0.5 11,529 0.2
        Japanese 61 0.0 161 0.0 1,405 0.0
        Korean 149 0.1 655 0.2 3,384 0.1
        Vietnamese 114 0.1 2,031 0.5 8,948 0.2
        Other Asian 0 0.0 2,108 0.5 14,940 0.3
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 368 0.3 491 0.1 3,361 0.1
        Native Hawaiian -2 0.0 -2 0.0 318 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro -2 0.0 -2 0.0 713 0.0
        Samoan -2 0.0 -2 0.0 752 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,578 0.0
      Some other race 1,605 1.2 4,330 1.1 68,788 1.4
    Two or more races 3,502 2.6 14,878 3.7 103,686 2.1
      White and Black or African American 709 0.5 6,997 1.7 44,256 0.9
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 1,078 0.8 1,491 0.4 19,843 0.4
      White and Asian 719 0.5 1,208 0.3 13,420 0.3
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 163 0.1 1,180 0.3 5,603 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 133,393 100.0 407,051 100.0 4,896,146 100.0
      White 73,232 54.9 202,253 49.7 3,380,616 69.0
      Black or African American 56,398 42.3 195,796 48.1 1,403,525 28.7
      American Indian and Alaska Native 1,420 1.1 3,820 0.9 43,112 0.9
      Asian 3,501 2.6 13,344 3.3 90,165 1.8
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 522 0.4 991 0.2 6,031 0.1
      Some other race 2,001 1.5 6,708 1.6 81,605 1.7
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 133,393 100.0 407,051 100.0 4,896,146 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 7,545 5.7 20,831 5.1 262,555 5.4
        Mexican 2,881 2.2 8,288 2.0 140,867 2.9
        Puerto Rican 2,890 2.2 8,431 2.1 42,161 0.9
        Cuban 372 0.3 574 0.1 8,535 0.2
        Other Hispanic or Latino 1,402 1.1 3,538 0.9 70,992 1.4
      Not Hispanic or Latino 125,848 94.3 386,220 94.9 4,633,591 94.6
        White alone 64,510 48.4 177,562 43.6 3,119,807 63.7
        Black or African American alone 55,135 41.3 183,884 45.2 1,331,987 27.2
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 0 0.0 394 0.1 12,190 0.2
        Asian alone 2,482 1.9 11,032 2.7 70,215 1.4
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 368 0.3 491 0.1 3,109 0.1
        Some other race alone 355 0.3 536 0.1 6,193 0.1
        Two or more races 2,998 2.2 12,321 3.0 90,090 1.8
         Two races including Some other race 204 0.2 304 0.1 1,928 0.0
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 2,794 2.1 12,017 3.0 88,162 1.8
             
    Total housing units 53,432 ... 168,970 ... 2,210,150  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 106,278 79.7 308,899 75.9 3,677,799 75.1
      Male 53,592 40.2 147,526 36.2 1,753,978 35.8
      Female 52,686 39.5 161,373 39.6 1,923,821 39.3
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Columbia, SCRichland County South Carolina
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 44,858 100.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      Family households (families) 21,916 48.9 89,207 60.7 1,220,885 65.7
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 9,332 20.8 39,066 26.6 475,168 25.6
      Married-couple family 12,792 28.5 57,945 39.4 867,390 46.7
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 4,507 10.0 23,512 16.0 299,238 16.1
      Male householder, no wife present, family 1,439 3.2 5,050 3.4 81,853 4.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 654 1.5 1,885 1.3 35,995 1.9
      Female householder, no husband present, family 7,685 17.1 26,212 17.8 271,642 14.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 4,171 9.3 13,669 9.3 139,935 7.5
      Nonfamily households 22,942 51.1 57,691 39.3 636,883 34.3
        Householder living alone 17,985 40.1 47,353 32.2 536,679 28.9
         65 years and over 4,766 10.6 11,993 8.2 198,310 10.7
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 10,572 23.6 44,491 30.3 550,782 29.6
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 9,346 20.8 32,972 22.4 553,129 29.8
             
      Average household size 2.32 ... 2.56 ... 2.56  
      Average family size 3.26 ... 3.32 ... 3.16  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 104,089 100.0 375,849 100.0 4,759,614 100.0
      Householder 44,858 43.1 146,898 39.1 1,857,768 39.0
      Spouse 12,697 12.2 57,584 15.3 867,173 18.2
      Child 29,597 28.4 117,543 31.3 1,399,969 29.4
      Other relatives 7,302 7.0 31,529 8.4 370,897 7.8
      Nonrelatives 9,635 9.3 22,295 5.9 263,807 5.5
        Unmarried partner 2,766 2.7 7,084 1.9 95,814 2.0
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 58,809 100.0 160,290 100.0 1,925,137 100.0
      Never married 35,627 60.6 75,178 46.9 686,262 35.6
      Now married, except separated 16,346 27.8 64,501 40.2 937,888 48.7
      Separated 1,403 2.4 3,978 2.5 50,951 2.6
      Widowed 1,316 2.2 2,865 1.8 56,048 2.9
      Divorced 4,117 7.0 13,768 8.6 193,988 10.1
             
    Females 15 years and over 55,599 100.0 173,681 100.0 2,069,688 100.0
      Never married 29,740 53.5 71,846 41.4 617,198 29.8
      Now married, except separated 14,016 25.2 61,263 35.3 920,611 44.5
      Separated 2,170 3.9 6,637 3.8 75,314 3.6
      Widowed 3,807 6.8 14,148 8.1 210,491 10.2
      Divorced 5,866 10.6 19,787 11.4 246,074 11.9
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 1,087 100.0 4,066 100.0 61,316 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 659 60.6 2,126 52.3 27,298 44.5
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 23 2.1 29 0.7 42 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 28 2.6 37 0.9 54 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 0 0.0 3 0.1 18 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 44 4.0 72 1.8 98 0.2
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 21 1.9 10 0.2 21 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 1,977 100.0 8,537 100.0 119,079 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 1,229 62.2 3,914 45.8 54,918 46.1
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 544 27.5 1,447 16.9 9,999 8.4
        1 or 2 years 0 0.0 278 3.3 7,961 6.7
        3 or 4 years 160 8.1 641 7.5 11,985 10.1
        5 or more years 525 26.6 1,548 18.1 24,973 21.0
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 1,229 100.0 3,914 100.0 54,918 100.0
      Who are female 864 70.3 2,604 66.5 35,455 64.6
      Who are married 895 72.8 3,094 79.0 39,201 71.4
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 44,423 100.0 124,249 100.0 1,198,207 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 1,267 2.9 6,074 4.9 59,778 5.0
      Kindergarten 1,958 4.4 4,429 3.6 73,352 6.1
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 8,508 19.2 38,720 31.2 489,685 40.9
      High school (grades 9-12) 7,125 16.0 24,530 19.7 257,409 21.5
      College or graduate school 25,565 57.5 50,496 40.6 317,983 26.5
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 74,381 100.0 252,046 100.0 3,319,832 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 2,105 2.8 6,716 2.7 147,012 4.4
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 6,794 9.1 15,551 6.2 306,843 9.2
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 14,839 19.9 58,233 23.1 977,099 29.4
      Some college, no degree 14,370 19.3 53,716 21.3 685,917 20.7
      Associate's degree 6,022 8.1 23,994 9.5 312,720 9.4
      Bachelor's degree 16,879 22.7 56,361 22.4 575,843 17.3
      Graduate or professional degree 13,372 18.0 37,475 14.9 314,398 9.5
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 88.00 ... 91.20 ... 86.30  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 40.70 ... 37.20 ... 26.80  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 101,859 100.0 308,530 100.0 3,778,952 100.0
      Civilian veterans 5,708 5.6 30,289 9.8 370,893 9.8
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 113,526 100.0 384,267 100.0 4,801,301 100.0
      With a disability 11,907 10.5 46,024 12.0 712,739 14.8
             
    Under 18 years 22,170 19.5 87,761 22.8 1,086,607 22.6
      With a disability 533 0.5 2,969 0.8 51,870 1.1
             
    18 to 64 years 79,532 70.1 251,228 65.4 2,938,107 61.2
      With a disability 7,149 6.3 27,482 7.2 370,744 7.7
             
    65 years and over 11,824 10.4 45,278 11.8 776,587 16.2
      With a disability 4,225 3.7 15,573 4.1 290,125 6.0
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 132,159 100.0 403,079 100.0 4,839,984 100.0
      Same house 87,566 66.3 317,332 78.7 4,106,166 84.8
      Different house in the U.S. 43,298 32.8 83,458 20.7 713,854 14.7
        Same county 15,757 11.9 38,159 9.5 391,364 8.1
        Different county 27,541 20.8 45,299 11.2 322,490 6.7
         Same state 8,862 6.7 17,962 4.5 152,124 3.1
         Different state 18,679 14.1 27,337 6.8 170,366 3.5
      Abroad 1,295 1.0 2,289 0.6 19,964 0.4
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 133,393 100.0 407,051 100.0 4,896,146 100.0
      Native 127,319 95.4 387,647 95.2 4,663,397 95.2
        Born in United States 124,630 93.4 379,402 93.2 4,611,145 94.2
         State of residence 70,559 52.9 229,790 56.5 2,825,070 57.7
         Different state 54,071 40.5 149,612 36.8 1,786,075 36.5
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 2,689 2.0 8,245 2.0 52,252 1.1
      Foreign born 6,074 4.6 19,404 4.8 232,749 4.8
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 6,074 100.0 19,404 100.0 232,749 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 1,433 23.6 8,576 44.2 92,001 39.5
      Not a U.S. citizen 4,641 76.4 10,828 55.8 140,748 60.5
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 8,763 100.0 27,649 100.0 285,001 100.0
             
      Native 2,689 30.7 8,245 29.8 52,252 18.3
        Entered 2010 or later 506 5.8 875 3.2 6,295 2.2
        Entered before 2010 2,183 24.9 7,370 26.7 45,957 16.1
             
      Foreign born 6,074 69.3 19,404 70.2 232,749 81.7
        Entered 2010 or later 2,689 30.7 6,056 21.9 42,100 14.8
        Entered before 2010 3,385 38.6 13,348 48.3 190,649 66.9
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea -2 ... -2 ... 232,749 100.0
      Europe -2 ... -2 ... 36,780 15.8
      Asia -2 ... -2 ... 58,362 25.1
      Africa -2 ... -2 ... 8,771 3.8
      Oceania -2 ... -2 ... 2,258 1.0
      Latin America -2 ... -2 ... 118,663 51.0
      Northern America -2 ... -2 ... 7,915 3.4
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 126,154 100.0 383,390 100.0 4,608,658 100.0
      English only 117,138 92.9 353,998 92.3 4,297,192 93.2
      Language other than English 9,016 7.1 29,392 7.7 311,466 6.8
        Speak English less than "very well" 3,887 3.1 11,315 3.0 126,522 2.7
      Spanish -2 0.0 12,495 3.3 198,039 4.3
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 4,439 1.2 87,708 1.9
      Other Indo-European languages -2 0.0 9,062 2.4 58,929 1.3
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 3,043 0.8 13,712 0.3
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages -2 0.0 6,371 1.7 44,235 1.0
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 3,042 0.8 21,970 0.5
      Other languages -2 0.0 1,464 0.4 10,263 0.2
        Speak English less than "very well" -2 0.0 791 0.2 3,132 0.1
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 133,393 100.0 407,051 100.0 4,896,146 100.0
      American 7,495 5.6 25,133 6.2 546,869 11.2
      Arab 867 0.6 1,466 0.4 12,425 0.3
      Czech 123 0.1 252 0.1 7,563 0.2
      Danish 582 0.4 871 0.2 7,204 0.1
      Dutch 787 0.6 3,011 0.7 45,937 0.9
      English 11,565 8.7 32,259 7.9 464,095 9.5
      French (except Basque) 2,777 2.1 6,969 1.7 89,754 1.8
      French Canadian 18 0.0 389 0.1 14,499 0.3
      German 13,259 9.9 38,853 9.5 480,222 9.8
      Greek 392 0.3 1,714 0.4 13,507 0.3
      Hungarian 692 0.5 1,281 0.3 12,858 0.3
      Irish 8,997 6.7 31,430 7.7 479,100 9.8
      Italian 3,688 2.8 10,437 2.6 145,655 3.0
      Lithuanian 108 0.1 195 0.0 3,918 0.1
      Norwegian 724 0.5 1,800 0.4 18,359 0.4
      Polish 2,143 1.6 4,753 1.2 61,949 1.3
      Portuguese 251 0.2 688 0.2 7,466 0.2
      Russian 622 0.5 1,347 0.3 16,007 0.3
      Scotch-Irish 2,904 2.2 8,770 2.2 117,014 2.4
      Scottish 3,392 2.5 8,196 2.0 120,903 2.5
      Slovak 44 0.0 221 0.1 4,743 0.1
      Subsaharan African 2,138 1.6 13,423 3.3 48,369 1.0
      Swedish 623 0.5 1,143 0.3 22,222 0.5
      Swiss 762 0.6 903 0.2 8,453 0.2
      Ukrainian 213 0.2 1,477 0.4 7,904 0.2
      Welsh 383 0.3 1,685 0.4 27,042 0.6
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 347 0.3 5,018 1.2 16,659 0.3
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households 44,858 100.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      With a computer 39,166 87.3 131,962 89.8 1,549,918 83.4
      With a broadband Internet subscription 32,672 72.8 112,675 76.7 1,298,969 69.9
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Columbia, SCRichland County South Carolina
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 113,365 100.0 328,246 100.0 3,931,185 100.0
      In labor force 74,307 65.5 220,709 67.2 2,364,295 60.1
        Civilian labor force 65,443 57.7 210,539 64.1 2,336,291 59.4
         Employed 59,428 52.4 194,291 59.2 2,165,702 55.1
         Unemployed 6,015 5.3 16,248 4.9 170,589 4.3
        Armed Forces 8,864 7.8 10,170 3.1 28,004 0.7
      Not in labor force 39,058 34.5 107,537 32.8 1,566,890 39.9
             
    Civilian labor force 65,443 57.7 210,539 64.1 2,336,291 59.4
      Unemployment Rate 9.2 ... 7.7 ... 7.3  
             
    Females 16 years and over 55,035 48.5 170,264 51.9 2,040,563 51.9
      In labor force 35,148 31.0 109,306 33.3 1,133,425 28.8
        Civilian labor force 32,832 29.0 106,414 32.4 1,128,009 28.7
         Employed 30,000 26.5 100,033 30.5 1,050,092 26.7
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 8,208 7.2 26,618 8.1 328,564 8.4
      All parents in family in labor force 6,923 6.1 20,536 6.3 221,214 5.6
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 13,101 11.6 57,027 17.4 691,732 17.6
      All parents in family in labor force 9,692 8.5 44,094 13.4 498,528 12.7
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 66,244 100.0 198,211 100.0 2,145,374 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 42,961 64.9 153,971 77.7 1,780,011 83.0
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 3,073 4.6 14,861 7.5 199,079 9.3
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 1,033 1.6 1,956 1.0 10,895 0.5
      Walked 14,123 21.3 14,798 7.5 43,809 2.0
      Other means 2,647 4.0 6,450 3.3 30,874 1.4
      Worked at home 2,407 3.6 6,175 3.1 80,706 3.8
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 15 ... 21 ... 24  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 59,428 100.0 194,291 100.0 2,165,702 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 24,076 40.5 75,965 39.1 733,006 33.8
      Service occupations 12,378 20.8 36,263 18.7 387,365 17.9
      Sales and office occupations 15,827 26.6 50,631 26.1 533,231 24.6
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 2,636 4.4 10,790 5.6 194,758 9.0
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 4,511 7.6 20,642 10.6 317,342 14.7
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 59,428 100.0 194,291 100.0 2,165,702 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 196 0.3 549 0.3 22,037 1.0
      Construction 2,274 3.8 9,427 4.9 138,903 6.4
      Manufacturing 3,234 5.4 15,463 8.0 301,688 13.9
      Wholesale trade 1,260 2.1 3,862 2.0 57,417 2.7
      Retail trade 6,311 10.6 24,718 12.7 263,192 12.2
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 2,254 3.8 9,652 5.0 100,414 4.6
      Information 1,344 2.3 3,861 2.0 40,960 1.9
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 4,303 7.2 16,847 8.7 126,989 5.9
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 7,505 12.6 19,281 9.9 215,323 9.9
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 16,302 27.4 45,323 23.3 470,753 21.7
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 7,579 12.8 20,930 10.8 221,811 10.2
      Other services, except public administration 2,519 4.2 9,787 5.0 111,964 5.2
      Public administration 4,347 7.3 14,591 7.5 94,251 4.4
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 59,428 100.0 194,291 100.0 2,165,702 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 43,580 73.3 146,652 75.5 1,728,439 79.8
      Government workers 13,011 21.9 38,524 19.8 317,535 14.7
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 2,791 4.7 8,870 4.6 116,569 5.4
      Unpaid family workers 46 0.1 245 0.1 3,159 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 44,858 100.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      Less than $10,000 5,586 12.5 11,423 7.8 152,319 8.2
      $10,000 to $14,999 3,670 8.2 7,468 5.1 116,010 6.2
      $15,000 to $24,999 4,301 9.6 16,189 11.0 220,743 11.9
      $25,000 to $34,999 5,726 12.8 15,868 10.8 208,212 11.2
      $35,000 to $49,999 5,913 13.2 20,390 13.9 270,971 14.6
      $50,000 to $74,999 6,925 15.4 26,965 18.4 347,660 18.7
      $75,000 to $99,999 4,743 10.6 19,331 13.2 216,533 11.7
      $100,000 to $149,999 3,782 8.4 16,000 10.9 199,609 10.7
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,769 3.9 6,794 4.6 65,643 3.5
      $200,000 or more 2,443 5.4 6,470 4.4 60,068 3.2
      Median household income (dollars) 41,435 ... 51,301 ... 47,238  
      Mean household income (dollars) 64,415 ... 69,191 ... 64,352  
             
      With earnings 36,690 81.8 120,793 82.2 1,378,645 74.2
        Mean earnings (dollars) 62,560 ... 66,202 ... 64,238  
      With Social Security 10,734 23.9 38,631 26.3 646,887 34.8
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 16,134 ... 17,717 ... 18,503  
      With retirement income 7,420 16.5 30,686 20.9 380,638 20.5
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 23,228 ... 23,512 ... 23,744  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 2,345 5.2 5,822 4.0 100,334 5.4
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 7,593 ... 7,402 ... 9,006  
      With cash public assistance income 846 1.9 2,334 1.6 24,273 1.3
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 1,343 ... 2,234 ... 2,129  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 8,045 17.9 23,394 15.9 267,132 14.4
             
    Families 21,916 100.0 89,207 100.0 1,220,885 100.0
      Less than $10,000 1,949 8.9 4,486 5.0 60,641 5.0
      $10,000 to $14,999 838 3.8 2,412 2.7 41,426 3.4
      $15,000 to $24,999 2,077 9.5 7,600 8.5 112,184 9.2
      $25,000 to $34,999 1,926 8.8 7,381 8.3 121,214 9.9
      $35,000 to $49,999 2,263 10.3 10,891 12.2 173,004 14.2
      $50,000 to $74,999 3,729 17.0 16,908 19.0 252,440 20.7
      $75,000 to $99,999 3,193 14.6 15,016 16.8 175,565 14.4
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,477 11.3 12,972 14.5 171,549 14.1
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,464 6.7 5,983 6.7 59,381 4.9
      $200,000 or more 2,000 9.1 5,558 6.2 53,481 4.4
      Median family income (dollars) 61,445 ... 67,660 ... 59,282  
      Mean family income (dollars) 86,000 ... 84,361 ... 76,253  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 25,323 ... 27,176 ... 25,627  
             
    Nonfamily households 22,942 ... 57,691 ... 636,883  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 31,273 ... 33,994 ... 27,811  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 42,819 ... 44,160 ... 39,349  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 18,054 ... 26,216 ... 27,657  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 43,437 ... 44,978 ... 42,238  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 35,609 ... 35,163 ... 34,182  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 113,526 100.0 384,267 100.0 4,801,301 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 103,074 90.8 349,971 91.1 4,278,073 89.1
        With private health insurance 79,908 70.4 267,556 69.6 3,166,942 66.0
        With public coverage 34,456 30.4 128,566 33.5 1,750,490 36.5
      No health insurance coverage 10,452 9.2 34,296 8.9 523,228 10.9
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 22,170 100.0 87,761 100.0 1,086,607 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 294 ... 3,795 ... 44,180  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 79,532 100.0 251,228 100.0 2,938,107 100.0
      In labor force: 57,497 72.3 193,186 76.9 2,174,856 74.0
        Employed: 51,958 65.3 177,959 70.8 2,014,726 68.6
         With health insurance coverage 45,644 57.4 158,277 63.0 1,737,047 59.1
         With private health insurance 42,247 53.1 145,985 58.1 1,634,181 55.6
         With public coverage 4,731 5.9 19,542 7.8 161,100 5.5
         No health insurance coverage 6,314 7.9 19,682 7.8 277,679 9.5
        Unemployed: 5,539 7.0 15,227 6.1 160,130 5.5
         With health insurance coverage 3,705 4.7 11,393 4.5 95,468 3.2
         With private health insurance 2,491 3.1 7,818 3.1 58,567 2.0
         With public coverage 1,394 1.8 4,113 1.6 40,221 1.4
         No health insurance coverage 1,834 2.3 3,834 1.5 64,662 2.2
      Not in labor force: 22,035 27.7 58,042 23.1 763,251 26.0
        With health insurance coverage 20,048 25.2 51,080 20.3 630,081 21.4
         With private health insurance 15,534 19.5 35,680 14.2 391,570 13.3
         With public coverage 5,559 7.0 20,388 8.1 305,727 10.4
        No health insurance coverage 1,987 2.5 6,962 2.8 133,170 4.5
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 15.8 ... 10.9 ... 12.1  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 27.5 ... 18.1 ... 20.3  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 28.1 ... 16.9 ... 19.7  
    Married couple families 3.3 ... 4.2 ... 5.8  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 2.4 ... 6.5 ... 8.7  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 0.0 ... 2.8 ... 6.0  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 36.7 ... 25.3 ... 31.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 52.0 ... 35.9 ... 41.9  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 57.5 ... 41.9 ... 49.0  
             
    All people 22.6 ... 15.2 ... 16.6  
    Under 18 years 33.4 ... 21.6 ... 24.0  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 33.2 ... 21.5 ... 23.8  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 29.6 ... 23.4 ... 25.6  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 34.9 ... 20.8 ... 23.2  
    18 years and over 19.8 ... 13.3 ... 14.5  
    18 to 64 years 20.9 ... 14.5 ... 15.9  
    65 years and over 13.2 ... 6.9 ... 9.3  
    People in families 17.9 ... 12.3 ... 13.9  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 32.6 ... 25.9 ... 28.3  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Columbia, SCRichland County South Carolina
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 53,432 100.0 168,970 100.0 2,210,150 100.0
      Occupied housing units 44,858 84.0 146,898 86.9 1,857,768 84.1
      Vacant housing units 8,574 16.0 22,072 13.1 352,382 15.9
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 3.90 ... 3.00 ... 2.00  
      Rental vacancy rate 11.30 ... 11.30 ... 9.50  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 53,432 100.0 168,970 100.0 2,210,150 100.0
    1-unit, detached 26,043 48.7 103,695 61.4 1,388,764 62.8
    1-unit, attached 1,909 3.6 4,323 2.6 68,803 3.1
    2 units 4,908 9.2 7,468 4.4 45,422 2.1
    3 or 4 units 3,590 6.7 6,941 4.1 60,929 2.8
    5 to 9 units 3,821 7.2 12,829 7.6 104,057 4.7
    10 to 19 units 4,126 7.7 10,520 6.2 81,227 3.7
    20 or more units 8,462 15.8 12,631 7.5 96,849 4.4
    Mobile home 573 1.1 10,543 6.2 362,581 16.4
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 0 0.0 20 0.0 1,518 0.1
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 53,432 100.0 168,970 100.0 2,210,150 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 116 0.2 1,213 0.7 16,344 0.7
    Built 2010 to 2013 1,814 3.4 7,404 4.4 82,835 3.7
    Built 2000 to 2009 8,698 16.3 35,253 20.9 439,158 19.9
    Built 1990 to 1999 6,053 11.3 25,859 15.3 431,219 19.5
    Built 1980 to 1989 4,627 8.7 22,425 13.3 370,407 16.8
    Built 1970 to 1979 5,177 9.7 27,952 16.5 340,755 15.4
    Built 1960 to 1969 7,317 13.7 20,494 12.1 207,519 9.4
    Built 1950 to 1959 7,461 14.0 13,686 8.1 153,658 7.0
    Built 1940 to 1949 6,078 11.4 7,102 4.2 69,628 3.2
    Built 1939 or earlier 6,091 11.4 7,582 4.5 98,627 4.5
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 53,432 100.0 168,970 100.0 2,210,150 100.0
    1 room 1,382 2.6 2,470 1.5 29,353 1.3
    2 rooms 1,528 2.9 2,670 1.6 27,303 1.2
    3 rooms 5,909 11.1 12,024 7.1 117,916 5.3
    4 rooms 11,787 22.1 28,077 16.6 359,930 16.3
    5 rooms 11,676 21.9 35,260 20.9 534,919 24.2
    6 rooms 7,781 14.6 27,601 16.3 432,417 19.6
    7 rooms 5,963 11.2 23,977 14.2 290,404 13.1
    8 rooms 3,550 6.6 17,623 10.4 187,701 8.5
    9 rooms or more 3,856 7.2 19,268 11.4 230,207 10.4
    Median rooms 5 ... 6 ... 6  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 53,432 100.0 168,970 100.0 2,210,150 100.0
    No bedroom 1,487 2.8 2,625 1.6 30,820 1.4
    1 bedroom 8,515 15.9 15,370 9.1 120,471 5.5
    2 bedrooms 19,376 36.3 43,913 26.0 556,173 25.2
    3 bedrooms 17,817 33.3 70,895 42.0 1,084,794 49.1
    4 bedrooms 5,238 9.8 29,612 17.5 341,268 15.4
    5 or more bedrooms 999 1.9 6,555 3.9 76,624 3.5
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 44,858 100.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      Owner-occupied 19,223 42.9 85,482 58.2 1,265,627 68.1
      Renter-occupied 25,635 57.1 61,416 41.8 592,141 31.9
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 3 ... 3  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 3  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 44,858 100.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 6,371 14.2 15,009 10.2 139,437 7.5
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 20,739 46.2 57,573 39.2 637,368 34.3
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 9,995 22.3 39,130 26.6 535,638 28.8
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 3,511 7.8 18,462 12.6 259,678 14.0
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 1,341 3.0 7,121 4.8 126,324 6.8
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 2,901 6.5 9,603 6.5 159,323 8.6
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 44,858 100.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      No vehicles available 5,805 12.9 11,922 8.1 128,524 6.9
      1 vehicle available 18,798 41.9 52,929 36.0 617,520 33.2
      2 vehicles available 15,180 33.8 55,469 37.8 711,805 38.3
      3 or more vehicles available 5,075 11.3 26,578 18.1 399,919 21.5
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units -2 0.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      Utility gas -2 0.0 39,923 27.2 410,455 22.1
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas -2 0.0 1,456 1.0 75,921 4.1
      Electricity -2 0.0 103,687 70.6 1,322,225 71.2
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. -2 0.0 607 0.4 20,409 1.1
      Coal or coke -2 0.0 0 0.0 85 0.0
      Wood -2 0.0 483 0.3 18,149 1.0
      Solar energy -2 0.0 0 0.0 278 0.0
      Other fuel -2 0.0 157 0.1 2,524 0.1
      No fuel used -2 0.0 585 0.4 7,722 0.4
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 44,858 100.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 206 0.5 726 0.5 8,963 0.5
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 1,145 2.6 1,684 1.1 14,268 0.8
      No telephone service available 1,199 2.7 3,833 2.6 55,235 3.0
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 44,858 100.0 146,898 100.0 1,857,768 100.0
      1.00 or less 44,158 98.4 144,124 98.1 1,825,211 98.2
      1.01 to 1.50 568 1.3 1,859 1.3 23,154 1.2
      1.51 or more 132 0.3 915 0.6 9,403 0.5
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 19,223 42.9 85,482 58.2 1,265,627 68.1
      Less than $50,000 768 1.7 4,568 3.1 146,220 7.9
      $50,000 to $99,999 2,898 6.5 12,303 8.4 244,642 13.2
      $100,000 to $149,999 4,427 9.9 23,583 16.1 248,934 13.4
      $150,000 to $199,999 2,852 6.4 14,755 10.0 207,872 11.2
      $200,000 to $299,999 2,663 5.9 14,965 10.2 203,627 11.0
      $300,000 to $499,999 3,146 7.0 10,705 7.3 137,715 7.4
      $500,000 to $999,999 2,320 5.2 4,025 2.7 63,205 3.4
      $1,000,000 or more 149 0.3 578 0.4 13,412 0.7
      Median (dollars) 172,400 ... 156,600 ... 148,600  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 19,223 100.0 85,482 100.0 1,265,627 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 12,852 66.9 58,473 68.4 742,852 58.7
      Housing units without a mortgage 6,371 33.1 27,009 31.6 522,775 41.3
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 12,852 100.0 58,473 100.0 742,852 100.0
      Less than $500 111 0.9 671 1.1 18,337 2.5
      $500 to $999 3,787 29.5 15,969 27.3 249,242 33.6
      $1,000 to $1,499 4,502 35.0 22,529 38.5 261,585 35.2
      $1,500 to $1,999 2,188 17.0 11,349 19.4 117,908 15.9
      $2,000 to $2,499 691 5.4 4,202 7.2 49,051 6.6
      $2,500 to $2,999 469 3.6 1,403 2.4 22,201 3.0
      $3,000 or more 1,104 8.6 2,350 4.0 24,528 3.3
      Median (dollars) 1,213 ... 1,251 ... 1,168  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 6,371 100.0 27,009 100.0 522,775 100.0
      Less than $250 879 13.8 2,798 10.4 117,509 22.5
      $250 to $399 1,346 21.1 8,438 31.2 189,964 36.3
      $400 to $599 2,039 32.0 9,317 34.5 141,124 27.0
      $600 to $799 1,273 20.0 3,905 14.5 44,777 8.6
      $800 to $999 354 5.6 1,558 5.8 15,260 2.9
      $1,000 or more 480 7.5 993 3.7 14,141 2.7
      Median (dollars) 509 ... 450 ... 361  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 12,757 100.0 58,192 100.0 737,626 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 6,675 52.3 27,502 47.3 349,919 47.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,554 20.0 10,152 17.4 105,839 14.3
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,090 8.5 5,564 9.6 74,203 10.1
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 487 3.8 3,274 5.6 51,527 7.0
      35.0 percent or more 1,951 15.3 11,700 20.1 156,138 21.2
             
      Not computed 95 0.7 281 0.5 5,226 0.7
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 6,349 100.0 26,401 100.0 511,640 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 3,337 52.6 14,888 56.4 242,367 47.4
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 948 14.9 4,978 18.9 101,010 19.7
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 478 7.5 1,499 5.7 54,059 10.6
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 280 4.4 1,161 4.4 32,775 6.4
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 620 9.8 1,302 4.9 18,855 3.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 27 0.4 671 2.5 16,250 3.2
      35.0 percent or more 659 10.4 1,902 7.2 46,324 9.1
             
      Not computed 22 0.3 608 2.3 11,135 2.2
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 24,658 100.0 59,334 100.0 537,909 100.0
      Less than $500 3,043 12.3 4,608 7.8 72,913 13.6
      $500 to $999 14,137 57.3 34,989 59.0 305,092 56.7
      $1,000 to $1,499 5,762 23.4 15,315 25.8 116,743 21.7
      $1,500 to $1,999 1,321 5.4 3,513 5.9 27,840 5.2
      $2,000 to $2,499 167 0.7 581 1.0 9,171 1.7
      $2,500 to $2,999 0 0.0 100 0.2 2,307 0.4
      $3,000 or more 228 0.9 228 0.4 3,843 0.7
      Median (dollars) 847 ... 885 ... 819  
             
      No rent paid 977 4.0 2,082 3.5 54,232 10.1
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 24,241 100.0 58,507 100.0 522,499 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 2,524 10.4 6,693 11.4 67,039 12.8
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 3,612 14.9 8,260 14.1 68,907 13.2
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,099 8.7 5,906 10.1 72,302 13.8
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 2,159 8.9 6,502 11.1 55,019 10.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 2,591 10.7 4,291 7.3 45,972 8.8
      35.0 percent or more 11,256 46.4 26,855 45.9 213,260 40.8
             
      Housing Units 1,394 5.8 2,909 5.0 69,642 13.3
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.


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