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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Richmond, VA [5167000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Richmond is located in Richmond city (51760). The population of Richmond changed from 204,115 in 2010 to 223,170 in 2016; a change of 19,055 (9.3%). The county population changed from 204,115 to 223,170, a change of 19,055 (9.3%) during the same period.

Richmond is located in the Richmond, VA MSA (CBSA 40060). The CBSA population changed from 1,210,272 to 1,281,708 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 71,436 (5.9%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 45th based on 2016 population, 41st based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 152nd based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 1-year estimates, the total resident population was 220,289. The population of one race include 44.9% White alone, 47.5% Black alone, 1.0% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 2.2% Asian alone, and 0.1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 6.5% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 100,389 total housing units, 91,396 were occupied housing units (households) or 91.0% of total units. Of the 36,716 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $199,900. Of the 36,716 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $927. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 40,310 family households, 17.0% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 24.6% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $39,906 with median family income of $51,341. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 53,363 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 18,626 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 150,042 population 25 years and over, 85.8% were high school graduates and 37.7% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Richmond, VARichmond city Virginia
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 204,115   204,115   8,025,773  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 206,567 1.20 206,567 1.20 8,110,035 1.05
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 210,826 2.06 210,826 2.06 8,192,048 1.01
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 213,701 1.36 213,701 1.36 8,262,692 0.86
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 216,541 1.33 216,541 1.33 8,317,372 0.66
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 219,628 1.43 219,628 1.43 8,367,587 0.60
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 223,170 1.61 223,170 1.61 8,411,808 0.53
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Richmond, VARichmond city Virginia
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 220,289 100.0 220,289 100.0 8,382,993 100.0
      Male 104,793 47.6 104,793 47.6 4,126,326 49.2
      Female 115,496 52.4 115,496 52.4 4,256,667 50.8
             
      Under 5 years 13,323 6.0 13,323 6.0 510,917 6.1
      5 to 9 years 11,675 5.3 11,675 5.3 527,609 6.3
      10 to 14 years 9,708 4.4 9,708 4.4 517,609 6.2
      15 to 19 years 14,052 6.4 14,052 6.4 549,494 6.6
      20 to 24 years 21,489 9.8 21,489 9.8 592,046 7.1
      25 to 34 years 46,057 20.9 46,057 20.9 1,172,805 14.0
      35 to 44 years 25,859 11.7 25,859 11.7 1,095,902 13.1
      45 to 54 years 25,811 11.7 25,811 11.7 1,169,438 14.0
      55 to 59 years 13,664 6.2 13,664 6.2 565,149 6.7
      60 to 64 years 13,311 6.0 13,311 6.0 494,580 5.9
      65 to 74 years 14,750 6.7 14,750 6.7 708,163 8.4
      75 to 84 years 6,298 2.9 6,298 2.9 337,578 4.0
      85 years and over 4,292 1.9 4,292 1.9 141,703 1.7
             
      Median age (years) 33.6 ... 33.6 ... 37.8  
             
      18 years and over 180,302 81.8 180,302 81.8 6,513,179 77.7
      21 years and over 167,612 76.1 167,612 76.1 6,153,751 73.4
      62 years and over 32,418 14.7 32,418 14.7 1,468,115 17.5
      65 years and over 25,340 11.5 25,340 11.5 1,187,444 14.2
             
      18 years and over 180,302 81.8 180,302 81.8 6,513,179 77.7
        Male 84,585 38.4 84,585 38.4 3,169,806 37.8
        Female 95,717 43.5 95,717 43.5 3,343,373 39.9
             
      65 years and over 25,340 11.5 25,340 11.5 1,187,444 14.2
        Male 10,375 4.7 10,375 4.7 524,430 6.3
        Female 14,965 6.8 14,965 6.8 663,014 7.9
             
 RACE            
    Total population 220,289 100.0 220,289 100.0 8,382,993 100.0
      One race 212,436 96.4 212,436 96.4 8,086,830 96.5
      Two or more races 7,853 3.6 7,853 3.6 296,163 3.5
             
    One race 212,436 96.4 212,436 96.4 8,086,830 96.5
      White 98,864 44.9 98,864 44.9 5,718,051 68.2
      Black or African American 104,583 47.5 104,583 47.5 1,612,831 19.2
      American Indian and Alaska Native 2,276 1.0 2,276 1.0 22,773 0.3
        Cherokee tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 3,642 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 341 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 905 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 115 0.0
      Asian 4,866 2.2 4,866 2.2 524,476 6.3
        Asian Indian 1,692 0.8 1,692 0.8 127,432 1.5
        Chinese 1,220 0.6 1,220 0.6 76,925 0.9
        Filipino 437 0.2 437 0.2 70,796 0.8
        Japanese 58 0.0 58 0.0 11,047 0.1
        Korean 383 0.2 383 0.2 72,463 0.9
        Vietnamese 575 0.3 575 0.3 65,460 0.8
        Other Asian 501 0.2 501 0.2 100,353 1.2
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 112 0.1 112 0.1 5,506 0.1
        Native Hawaiian -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,854 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,547 0.0
        Samoan -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,039 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander -2 0.0 -2 0.0 1,066 0.0
      Some other race 1,735 0.8 1,735 0.8 203,193 2.4
    Two or more races 7,853 3.6 7,853 3.6 296,163 3.5
      White and Black or African American 2,946 1.3 2,946 1.3 95,756 1.1
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 1,081 0.5 1,081 0.5 32,830 0.4
      White and Asian 1,118 0.5 1,118 0.5 84,100 1.0
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 1,154 0.5 1,154 0.5 11,012 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 220,289 100.0 220,289 100.0 8,382,993 100.0
      White 104,568 47.5 104,568 47.5 5,975,102 71.3
      Black or African American 109,722 49.8 109,722 49.8 1,753,037 20.9
      American Indian and Alaska Native 4,902 2.2 4,902 2.2 81,379 1.0
      Asian 6,626 3.0 6,626 3.0 637,103 7.6
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 205 0.1 205 0.1 17,921 0.2
      Some other race 2,535 1.2 2,535 1.2 239,060 2.9
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 220,289 100.0 220,289 100.0 8,382,993 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 14,259 6.5 14,259 6.5 753,353 9.0
        Mexican 4,968 2.3 4,968 2.3 174,224 2.1
        Puerto Rican 1,210 0.5 1,210 0.5 95,177 1.1
        Cuban 195 0.1 195 0.1 19,084 0.2
        Other Hispanic or Latino 7,886 3.6 7,886 3.6 464,868 5.5
      Not Hispanic or Latino 206,030 93.5 206,030 93.5 7,629,640 91.0
        White alone 89,123 40.5 89,123 40.5 5,239,479 62.5
        Black or African American alone 104,138 47.3 104,138 47.3 1,583,049 18.9
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 93 0.0 93 0.0 16,415 0.2
        Asian alone 4,866 2.2 4,866 2.2 519,910 6.2
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 112 0.1 112 0.1 5,057 0.1
        Some other race alone 589 0.3 589 0.3 23,466 0.3
        Two or more races 7,109 3.2 7,109 3.2 242,264 2.9
         Two races including Some other race 315 0.1 315 0.1 6,557 0.1
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 6,794 3.1 6,794 3.1 235,707 2.8
             
    Total housing units 100,389 ... 100,389 ... 3,468,952  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 170,311 77.3 170,311 77.3 6,062,304 72.3
      Male 79,087 35.9 79,087 35.9 2,946,126 35.1
      Female 91,224 41.4 91,224 41.4 3,116,178 37.2
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Richmond, VARichmond city Virginia
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      Family households (families) 40,310 44.1 40,310 44.1 2,054,857 66.1
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 16,676 18.2 16,676 18.2 882,330 28.4
      Married-couple family 22,066 24.1 22,066 24.1 1,549,808 49.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 7,357 8.0 7,357 8.0 620,930 20.0
      Male householder, no wife present, family 3,708 4.1 3,708 4.1 135,352 4.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 1,685 1.8 1,685 1.8 61,445 2.0
      Female householder, no husband present, family 14,536 15.9 14,536 15.9 369,697 11.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 7,634 8.4 7,634 8.4 199,955 6.4
      Nonfamily households 51,086 55.9 51,086 55.9 1,052,038 33.9
        Householder living alone 39,959 43.7 39,959 43.7 842,558 27.1
         65 years and over 9,814 10.7 9,814 10.7 307,855 9.9
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 19,462 21.3 19,462 21.3 986,854 31.8
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 18,953 20.7 18,953 20.7 837,298 26.9
             
      Average household size 2.29 ... 2.29 ... 2.62  
      Average family size 3.26 ... 3.26 ... 3.19  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 209,136 100.0 209,136 100.0 8,139,181 100.0
      Householder 91,396 43.7 91,396 43.7 3,106,895 38.2
      Spouse 21,855 10.5 21,855 10.5 1,544,104 19.0
      Child 52,918 25.3 52,918 25.3 2,400,548 29.5
      Other relatives 16,529 7.9 16,529 7.9 564,544 6.9
      Nonrelatives 26,438 12.6 26,438 12.6 523,090 6.4
        Unmarried partner 7,795 3.7 7,795 3.7 174,736 2.1
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 87,163 100.0 87,163 100.0 3,331,211 100.0
      Never married 47,646 54.7 47,646 54.7 1,176,452 35.3
      Now married, except separated 25,617 29.4 25,617 29.4 1,706,478 51.2
      Separated 2,141 2.5 2,141 2.5 71,853 2.2
      Widowed 2,720 3.1 2,720 3.1 83,128 2.5
      Divorced 9,039 10.4 9,039 10.4 293,300 8.8
             
    Females 15 years and over 98,420 100.0 98,420 100.0 3,495,647 100.0
      Never married 50,334 51.1 50,334 51.1 1,034,617 29.6
      Now married, except separated 24,034 24.4 24,034 24.4 1,648,895 47.2
      Separated 3,484 3.5 3,484 3.5 97,671 2.8
      Widowed 7,987 8.1 7,987 8.1 293,827 8.4
      Divorced 12,581 12.8 12,581 12.8 420,637 12.0
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 2,932 100.0 2,932 100.0 102,870 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 1,688 57.6 1,688 57.6 31,397 30.5
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 35 1.2 35 1.2 28 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 47 1.6 47 1.6 51 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 0 0.0 0 0.0 11 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 67 2.3 67 2.3 86 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 30 1.0 30 1.0 28 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 3,750 100.0 3,750 100.0 186,819 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 1,779 47.4 1,779 47.4 66,722 35.7
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 208 5.5 208 5.5 12,195 6.5
        1 or 2 years 346 9.2 346 9.2 13,549 7.3
        3 or 4 years 282 7.5 282 7.5 10,360 5.5
        5 or more years 943 25.1 943 25.1 30,618 16.4
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 1,779 100.0 1,779 100.0 66,722 100.0
      Who are female 1,447 81.3 1,447 81.3 42,202 63.3
      Who are married 245 13.8 245 13.8 46,657 69.9
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 53,363 100.0 53,363 100.0 2,143,693 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 2,897 5.4 2,897 5.4 124,274 5.8
      Kindergarten 2,519 4.7 2,519 4.7 109,747 5.1
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 16,107 30.2 16,107 30.2 826,533 38.6
      High school (grades 9-12) 7,510 14.1 7,510 14.1 428,043 20.0
      College or graduate school 24,330 45.6 24,330 45.6 655,096 30.6
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 150,042 100.0 150,042 100.0 5,685,318 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 9,427 6.3 9,427 6.3 256,445 4.5
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 11,913 7.9 11,913 7.9 373,316 6.6
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 35,106 23.4 35,106 23.4 1,399,157 24.6
      Some college, no degree 27,260 18.2 27,260 18.2 1,127,401 19.8
      Associate's degree 9,745 6.5 9,745 6.5 426,955 7.5
      Bachelor's degree 34,707 23.1 34,707 23.1 1,209,217 21.3
      Graduate or professional degree 21,884 14.6 21,884 14.6 892,827 15.7
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 85.80 ... 85.80 ... 88.90  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 37.70 ... 37.70 ... 37.00  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 179,620 100.0 179,620 100.0 6,393,937 100.0
      Civilian veterans 12,538 7.0 12,538 7.0 687,876 10.8
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 217,190 100.0 217,190 100.0 8,162,517 100.0
      With a disability 32,185 14.8 32,185 14.8 935,187 11.5
             
    Under 18 years 39,919 18.4 39,919 18.4 1,867,092 22.9
      With a disability 2,570 1.2 2,570 1.2 74,616 0.9
             
    18 to 64 years 152,956 70.4 152,956 70.4 5,133,209 62.9
      With a disability 19,692 9.1 19,692 9.1 479,430 5.9
             
    65 years and over 24,315 11.2 24,315 11.2 1,162,216 14.2
      With a disability 9,923 4.6 9,923 4.6 381,141 4.7
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 217,782 100.0 217,782 100.0 8,283,737 100.0
      Same house 157,075 72.1 157,075 72.1 6,952,362 83.9
      Different house in the U.S. 59,400 27.3 59,400 27.3 1,261,284 15.2
        Same county 30,288 13.9 30,288 13.9 564,790 6.8
        Different county 29,112 13.4 29,112 13.4 696,494 8.4
         Same state 22,123 10.2 22,123 10.2 418,779 5.1
         Different state 6,989 3.2 6,989 3.2 277,715 3.4
      Abroad 1,307 0.6 1,307 0.6 70,091 0.8
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 220,289 100.0 220,289 100.0 8,382,993 100.0
      Native 204,548 92.9 204,548 92.9 7,364,367 87.8
        Born in United States 201,162 91.3 201,162 91.3 7,210,499 86.0
         State of residence 136,095 61.8 136,095 61.8 4,153,054 49.5
         Different state 65,067 29.5 65,067 29.5 3,057,445 36.5
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 3,386 1.5 3,386 1.5 153,868 1.8
      Foreign born 15,741 7.1 15,741 7.1 1,018,626 12.2
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 15,741 100.0 15,741 100.0 1,018,626 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 4,853 30.8 4,853 30.8 519,086 51.0
      Not a U.S. citizen 10,888 69.2 10,888 69.2 499,540 49.0
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 19,127 100.0 19,127 100.0 1,172,494 100.0
             
      Native 3,386 17.7 3,386 17.7 153,868 13.1
        Entered 2010 or later 131 0.7 131 0.7 22,724 1.9
        Entered before 2010 3,255 17.0 3,255 17.0 131,144 11.2
             
      Foreign born 15,741 82.3 15,741 82.3 1,018,626 86.9
        Entered 2010 or later 4,776 25.0 4,776 25.0 185,496 15.8
        Entered before 2010 10,965 57.3 10,965 57.3 833,130 71.1
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea -2 ... -2 ... 1,018,626 100.0
      Europe -2 ... -2 ... 102,976 10.1
      Asia -2 ... -2 ... 427,515 42.0
      Africa -2 ... -2 ... 106,191 10.4
      Oceania -2 ... -2 ... 2,430 0.2
      Latin America -2 ... -2 ... 364,550 35.8
      Northern America -2 ... -2 ... 14,964 1.5
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 206,966 100.0 206,966 100.0 7,872,076 100.0
      English only 187,511 90.6 187,511 90.6 6,620,451 84.1
      Language other than English 19,455 9.4 19,455 9.4 1,251,625 15.9
        Speak English less than "very well" 9,468 4.6 9,468 4.6 461,638 5.9
      Spanish 11,282 5.5 11,282 5.5 553,342 7.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 6,783 3.3 6,783 3.3 234,844 3.0
      Other Indo-European languages 3,684 1.8 3,684 1.8 273,141 3.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 1,259 0.6 1,259 0.6 66,561 0.8
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 2,820 1.4 2,820 1.4 302,421 3.8
        Speak English less than "very well" 720 0.3 720 0.3 124,336 1.6
      Other languages 1,669 0.8 1,669 0.8 122,721 1.6
        Speak English less than "very well" 706 0.3 706 0.3 35,897 0.5
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 220,289 100.0 220,289 100.0 8,382,993 100.0
      American 6,871 3.1 6,871 3.1 875,783 10.4
      Arab 1,597 0.7 1,597 0.7 68,996 0.8
      Czech 404 0.2 404 0.2 21,767 0.3
      Danish 440 0.2 440 0.2 19,022 0.2
      Dutch 1,287 0.6 1,287 0.6 78,966 0.9
      English 16,385 7.4 16,385 7.4 829,947 9.9
      French (except Basque) 3,122 1.4 3,122 1.4 148,880 1.8
      French Canadian 551 0.3 551 0.3 32,720 0.4
      German 17,401 7.9 17,401 7.9 962,294 11.5
      Greek 692 0.3 692 0.3 29,807 0.4
      Hungarian 801 0.4 801 0.4 28,330 0.3
      Irish 13,206 6.0 13,206 6.0 801,566 9.6
      Italian 6,552 3.0 6,552 3.0 342,252 4.1
      Lithuanian 212 0.1 212 0.1 11,892 0.1
      Norwegian 1,074 0.5 1,074 0.5 50,565 0.6
      Polish 2,678 1.2 2,678 1.2 156,248 1.9
      Portuguese 195 0.1 195 0.1 17,130 0.2
      Russian 640 0.3 640 0.3 51,984 0.6
      Scotch-Irish 2,794 1.3 2,794 1.3 127,594 1.5
      Scottish 3,930 1.8 3,930 1.8 176,654 2.1
      Slovak 107 0.0 107 0.0 16,884 0.2
      Subsaharan African 2,687 1.2 2,687 1.2 198,209 2.4
      Swedish 1,444 0.7 1,444 0.7 55,084 0.7
      Swiss 686 0.3 686 0.3 20,295 0.2
      Ukrainian 620 0.3 620 0.3 19,601 0.2
      Welsh 2,686 1.2 2,686 1.2 57,363 0.7
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 1,321 0.6 1,321 0.6 43,798 0.5
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      With a computer 76,984 84.2 76,984 84.2 2,741,793 88.2
      With a broadband Internet subscription 65,079 71.2 65,079 71.2 2,442,307 78.6
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Richmond, VARichmond city Virginia
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 184,118 100.0 184,118 100.0 6,721,590 100.0
      In labor force 120,892 65.7 120,892 65.7 4,437,140 66.0
        Civilian labor force 120,210 65.3 120,210 65.3 4,317,898 64.2
         Employed 109,848 59.7 109,848 59.7 4,081,600 60.7
         Unemployed 10,362 5.6 10,362 5.6 236,298 3.5
        Armed Forces 682 0.4 682 0.4 119,242 1.8
      Not in labor force 63,226 34.3 63,226 34.3 2,284,450 34.0
             
    Civilian labor force 120,210 65.3 120,210 65.3 4,317,898 64.2
      Unemployment Rate 8.6 ... 8.6 ... 5.5  
             
    Females 16 years and over 97,888 53.2 97,888 53.2 3,444,114 51.2
      In labor force 62,849 34.1 62,849 34.1 2,110,495 31.4
        Civilian labor force 62,713 34.1 62,713 34.1 2,089,240 31.1
         Employed 57,026 31.0 57,026 31.0 1,974,710 29.4
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 15,351 8.3 15,351 8.3 592,924 8.8
      All parents in family in labor force 11,879 6.5 11,879 6.5 402,095 6.0
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 21,572 11.7 21,572 11.7 1,184,700 17.6
      All parents in family in labor force 14,123 7.7 14,123 7.7 857,918 12.8
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 107,648 100.0 107,648 100.0 4,116,194 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 75,386 70.0 75,386 70.0 3,190,412 77.5
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 12,388 11.5 12,388 11.5 374,422 9.1
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 5,674 5.3 5,674 5.3 194,457 4.7
      Walked 5,604 5.2 5,604 5.2 96,587 2.3
      Other means 3,743 3.5 3,743 3.5 69,497 1.7
      Worked at home 4,853 4.5 4,853 4.5 190,819 4.6
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 22 ... 22 ... 28  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 109,848 100.0 109,848 100.0 4,081,600 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 45,390 41.3 45,390 41.3 1,753,599 43.0
      Service occupations 24,098 21.9 24,098 21.9 686,858 16.8
      Sales and office occupations 24,298 22.1 24,298 22.1 903,468 22.1
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 6,098 5.6 6,098 5.6 347,368 8.5
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 9,964 9.1 9,964 9.1 390,307 9.6
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 109,848 100.0 109,848 100.0 4,081,600 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 232 0.2 232 0.2 41,564 1.0
      Construction 4,198 3.8 4,198 3.8 264,211 6.5
      Manufacturing 6,313 5.7 6,313 5.7 292,968 7.2
      Wholesale trade 1,578 1.4 1,578 1.4 80,107 2.0
      Retail trade 11,907 10.8 11,907 10.8 440,930 10.8
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 3,896 3.5 3,896 3.5 170,067 4.2
      Information 1,522 1.4 1,522 1.4 82,960 2.0
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 9,087 8.3 9,087 8.3 262,304 6.4
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 15,817 14.4 15,817 14.4 600,339 14.7
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 28,254 25.7 28,254 25.7 893,646 21.9
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 13,625 12.4 13,625 12.4 372,891 9.1
      Other services, except public administration 6,561 6.0 6,561 6.0 222,770 5.5
      Public administration 6,858 6.2 6,858 6.2 356,843 8.7
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 109,848 100.0 109,848 100.0 4,081,600 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 86,042 78.3 86,042 78.3 3,065,408 75.1
      Government workers 19,854 18.1 19,854 18.1 807,540 19.8
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 3,817 3.5 3,817 3.5 202,626 5.0
      Unpaid family workers 135 0.1 135 0.1 6,026 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      Less than $10,000 12,190 13.3 12,190 13.3 179,078 5.8
      $10,000 to $14,999 7,521 8.2 7,521 8.2 117,945 3.8
      $15,000 to $24,999 11,877 13.0 11,877 13.0 251,554 8.1
      $25,000 to $34,999 9,730 10.6 9,730 10.6 259,008 8.3
      $35,000 to $49,999 13,421 14.7 13,421 14.7 373,167 12.0
      $50,000 to $74,999 13,825 15.1 13,825 15.1 540,533 17.4
      $75,000 to $99,999 6,583 7.2 6,583 7.2 399,064 12.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 8,080 8.8 8,080 8.8 496,574 16.0
      $150,000 to $199,999 3,371 3.7 3,371 3.7 229,887 7.4
      $200,000 or more 4,798 5.2 4,798 5.2 260,085 8.4
      Median household income (dollars) 39,906 ... 39,906 ... 66,262  
      Mean household income (dollars) 65,618 ... 65,618 ... 90,556  
             
      With earnings 69,415 75.9 69,415 75.9 2,496,880 80.4
        Mean earnings (dollars) 69,585 ... 69,585 ... 89,978  
      With Social Security 21,272 23.3 21,272 23.3 894,073 28.8
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 16,270 ... 16,270 ... 18,491  
      With retirement income 13,190 14.4 13,190 14.4 671,574 21.6
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 25,013 ... 25,013 ... 30,085  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 5,560 6.1 5,560 6.1 125,739 4.0
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 8,673 ... 8,673 ... 9,266  
      With cash public assistance income 2,586 2.8 2,586 2.8 62,197 2.0
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 3,476 ... 3,476 ... 2,342  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 14,142 15.5 14,142 15.5 285,778 9.2
             
    Families 40,310 100.0 40,310 100.0 2,054,857 100.0
      Less than $10,000 3,659 9.1 3,659 9.1 71,382 3.5
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,267 3.1 1,267 3.1 42,226 2.1
      $15,000 to $24,999 4,397 10.9 4,397 10.9 112,250 5.5
      $25,000 to $34,999 4,884 12.1 4,884 12.1 145,171 7.1
      $35,000 to $49,999 5,756 14.3 5,756 14.3 229,774 11.2
      $50,000 to $74,999 5,497 13.6 5,497 13.6 360,092 17.5
      $75,000 to $99,999 3,329 8.3 3,329 8.3 291,289 14.2
      $100,000 to $149,999 5,121 12.7 5,121 12.7 383,941 18.7
      $150,000 to $199,999 2,362 5.9 2,362 5.9 191,061 9.3
      $200,000 or more 4,038 10.0 4,038 10.0 227,671 11.1
      Median family income (dollars) 51,341 ... 51,341 ... 80,403  
      Mean family income (dollars) 92,520 ... 92,520 ... 105,386  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 29,721 ... 29,721 ... 34,780  
             
    Nonfamily households 51,086 ... 51,086 ... 1,052,038  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 28,988 ... 28,988 ... 40,730  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 43,113 ... 43,113 ... 58,144  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 26,035 ... 26,035 ... 35,296  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 41,487 ... 41,487 ... 54,392  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 38,081 ... 38,081 ... 42,342  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 217,190 100.0 217,190 100.0 8,162,517 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 187,478 86.3 187,478 86.3 7,416,224 90.9
        With private health insurance 132,897 61.2 132,897 61.2 6,207,664 76.1
        With public coverage 73,643 33.9 73,643 33.9 2,222,400 27.2
      No health insurance coverage 29,712 13.7 29,712 13.7 746,293 9.1
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 39,919 100.0 39,919 100.0 1,867,092 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 2,306 ... 2,306 ... 90,686  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 152,956 100.0 152,956 100.0 5,133,209 100.0
      In labor force: 115,446 75.5 115,446 75.5 4,034,036 78.6
        Employed: 105,373 68.9 105,373 68.9 3,814,621 74.3
         With health insurance coverage 89,878 58.8 89,878 58.8 3,416,118 66.5
         With private health insurance 83,260 54.4 83,260 54.4 3,301,570 64.3
         With public coverage 9,033 5.9 9,033 5.9 216,376 4.2
         No health insurance coverage 15,495 10.1 15,495 10.1 398,503 7.8
        Unemployed: 10,073 6.6 10,073 6.6 219,415 4.3
         With health insurance coverage 6,659 4.4 6,659 4.4 142,351 2.8
         With private health insurance 3,702 2.4 3,702 2.4 101,939 2.0
         With public coverage 3,124 2.0 3,124 2.0 47,148 0.9
         No health insurance coverage 3,414 2.2 3,414 2.2 77,064 1.5
      Not in labor force: 37,510 24.5 37,510 24.5 1,099,173 21.4
        With health insurance coverage 29,111 19.0 29,111 19.0 930,058 18.1
         With private health insurance 16,632 10.9 16,632 10.9 686,591 13.4
         With public coverage 14,131 9.2 14,131 9.2 316,664 6.2
        No health insurance coverage 8,399 5.5 8,399 5.5 169,115 3.3
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 17.0 ... 17.0 ... 7.8  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 28.2 ... 28.2 ... 12.4  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 9.6 ... 9.6 ... 10.7  
    Married couple families 4.5 ... 4.5 ... 3.4  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 5.1 ... 5.1 ... 4.5  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 0.0 ... 0.0 ... 3.8  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 35.8 ... 35.8 ... 24.4  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 49.0 ... 49.0 ... 33.3  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 30.6 ... 30.6 ... 33.9  
             
    All people 24.6 ... 24.6 ... 11.2  
    Under 18 years 38.2 ... 38.2 ... 14.8  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 37.8 ... 37.8 ... 14.5  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 28.3 ... 28.3 ... 16.3  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 42.7 ... 42.7 ... 13.9  
    18 years and over 21.4 ... 21.4 ... 10.1  
    18 to 64 years 23.1 ... 23.1 ... 10.8  
    65 years and over 11.7 ... 11.7 ... 7.3  
    People in families 20.8 ... 20.8 ... 8.5  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 30.9 ... 30.9 ... 22.5  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 1-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Richmond, VARichmond city Virginia
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 100,389 100.0 100,389 100.0 3,468,952 100.0
      Occupied housing units 91,396 91.0 91,396 91.0 3,106,895 89.6
      Vacant housing units 8,993 9.0 8,993 9.0 362,057 10.4
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 1.50 ... 1.50 ... 1.80  
      Rental vacancy rate 4.20 ... 4.20 ... 5.10  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 100,389 100.0 100,389 100.0 3,468,952 100.0
    1-unit, detached 47,697 47.5 47,697 47.5 2,132,930 61.5
    1-unit, attached 9,039 9.0 9,039 9.0 369,981 10.7
    2 units 4,360 4.3 4,360 4.3 61,988 1.8
    3 or 4 units 7,403 7.4 7,403 7.4 99,116 2.9
    5 to 9 units 10,976 10.9 10,976 10.9 169,543 4.9
    10 to 19 units 5,577 5.6 5,577 5.6 207,284 6.0
    20 or more units 14,870 14.8 14,870 14.8 251,238 7.2
    Mobile home 345 0.3 345 0.3 175,578 5.1
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 122 0.1 122 0.1 1,294 0.0
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 100,389 100.0 100,389 100.0 3,468,952 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 92 0.1 92 0.1 18,095 0.5
    Built 2010 to 2013 1,331 1.3 1,331 1.3 104,946 3.0
    Built 2000 to 2009 5,611 5.6 5,611 5.6 536,657 15.5
    Built 1990 to 1999 5,028 5.0 5,028 5.0 558,315 16.1
    Built 1980 to 1989 5,568 5.5 5,568 5.5 575,532 16.6
    Built 1970 to 1979 13,023 13.0 13,023 13.0 560,177 16.1
    Built 1960 to 1969 12,461 12.4 12,461 12.4 372,409 10.7
    Built 1950 to 1959 15,507 15.4 15,507 15.4 324,866 9.4
    Built 1940 to 1949 10,439 10.4 10,439 10.4 158,392 4.6
    Built 1939 or earlier 31,329 31.2 31,329 31.2 259,563 7.5
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 100,389 100.0 100,389 100.0 3,468,952 100.0
    1 room 3,286 3.3 3,286 3.3 54,230 1.6
    2 rooms 5,477 5.5 5,477 5.5 62,929 1.8
    3 rooms 11,701 11.7 11,701 11.7 231,730 6.7
    4 rooms 19,519 19.4 19,519 19.4 502,867 14.5
    5 rooms 18,568 18.5 18,568 18.5 609,576 17.6
    6 rooms 15,199 15.1 15,199 15.1 576,462 16.6
    7 rooms 10,770 10.7 10,770 10.7 443,243 12.8
    8 rooms 7,422 7.4 7,422 7.4 375,032 10.8
    9 rooms or more 8,447 8.4 8,447 8.4 612,883 17.7
    Median rooms 5 ... 5 ... 6  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 100,389 100.0 100,389 100.0 3,468,952 100.0
    No bedroom 3,447 3.4 3,447 3.4 60,878 1.8
    1 bedroom 18,190 18.1 18,190 18.1 284,566 8.2
    2 bedrooms 31,513 31.4 31,513 31.4 821,541 23.7
    3 bedrooms 32,112 32.0 32,112 32.0 1,363,978 39.3
    4 bedrooms 13,337 13.3 13,337 13.3 710,615 20.5
    5 or more bedrooms 1,790 1.8 1,790 1.8 227,374 6.6
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      Owner-occupied 36,716 40.2 36,716 40.2 2,019,869 65.0
      Renter-occupied 54,680 59.8 54,680 59.8 1,087,026 35.0
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 3  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 3  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 10,568 11.6 10,568 11.6 232,082 7.5
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 43,506 47.6 43,506 47.6 1,098,677 35.4
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 19,306 21.1 19,306 21.1 885,252 28.5
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 7,912 8.7 7,912 8.7 432,225 13.9
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 5,157 5.6 5,157 5.6 220,277 7.1
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 4,947 5.4 4,947 5.4 238,382 7.7
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      No vehicles available 14,994 16.4 14,994 16.4 191,842 6.2
      1 vehicle available 39,343 43.0 39,343 43.0 962,104 31.0
      2 vehicles available 27,379 30.0 27,379 30.0 1,181,238 38.0
      3 or more vehicles available 9,680 10.6 9,680 10.6 771,711 24.8
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      Utility gas 35,872 39.2 35,872 39.2 1,029,797 33.1
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 756 0.8 756 0.8 134,535 4.3
      Electricity 48,284 52.8 48,284 52.8 1,687,103 54.3
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 5,840 6.4 5,840 6.4 153,039 4.9
      Coal or coke 0 0.0 0 0.0 2,133 0.1
      Wood 10 0.0 10 0.0 79,382 2.6
      Solar energy 0 0.0 0 0.0 635 0.0
      Other fuel 157 0.2 157 0.2 8,414 0.3
      No fuel used 477 0.5 477 0.5 11,857 0.4
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 309 0.3 309 0.3 11,238 0.4
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 720 0.8 720 0.8 19,363 0.6
      No telephone service available 2,655 2.9 2,655 2.9 75,160 2.4
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 91,396 100.0 91,396 100.0 3,106,895 100.0
      1.00 or less 90,007 98.5 90,007 98.5 3,046,467 98.1
      1.01 to 1.50 737 0.8 737 0.8 42,813 1.4
      1.51 or more 652 0.7 652 0.7 17,615 0.6
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 36,716 40.2 36,716 40.2 2,019,869 65.0
      Less than $50,000 923 1.0 923 1.0 87,035 2.8
      $50,000 to $99,999 5,929 6.5 5,929 6.5 153,903 5.0
      $100,000 to $149,999 5,612 6.1 5,612 6.1 219,345 7.1
      $150,000 to $199,999 5,904 6.5 5,904 6.5 281,099 9.0
      $200,000 to $299,999 7,167 7.8 7,167 7.8 437,580 14.1
      $300,000 to $499,999 6,255 6.8 6,255 6.8 475,765 15.3
      $500,000 to $999,999 3,840 4.2 3,840 4.2 311,488 10.0
      $1,000,000 or more 1,086 1.2 1,086 1.2 53,654 1.7
      Median (dollars) 199,900 ... 199,900 ... 257,800  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 36,716 100.0 36,716 100.0 2,019,869 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 25,224 68.7 25,224 68.7 1,398,239 69.2
      Housing units without a mortgage 11,492 31.3 11,492 31.3 621,630 30.8
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 25,224 100.0 25,224 100.0 1,398,239 100.0
      Less than $500 399 1.6 399 1.6 20,177 1.4
      $500 to $999 3,897 15.4 3,897 15.4 204,998 14.7
      $1,000 to $1,499 8,668 34.4 8,668 34.4 352,847 25.2
      $1,500 to $1,999 6,007 23.8 6,007 23.8 295,501 21.1
      $2,000 to $2,499 3,125 12.4 3,125 12.4 202,239 14.5
      $2,500 to $2,999 1,046 4.1 1,046 4.1 134,822 9.6
      $3,000 or more 2,082 8.3 2,082 8.3 187,655 13.4
      Median (dollars) 1,479 ... 1,479 ... 1,692  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 11,492 100.0 11,492 100.0 621,630 100.0
      Less than $250 728 6.3 728 6.3 84,117 13.5
      $250 to $399 2,142 18.6 2,142 18.6 166,260 26.7
      $400 to $599 3,467 30.2 3,467 30.2 185,824 29.9
      $600 to $799 2,761 24.0 2,761 24.0 94,402 15.2
      $800 to $999 1,152 10.0 1,152 10.0 46,793 7.5
      $1,000 or more 1,242 10.8 1,242 10.8 44,234 7.1
      Median (dollars) 558 ... 558 ... 457  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 25,037 100.0 25,037 100.0 1,391,564 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 10,709 42.8 10,709 42.8 598,062 43.0
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 4,043 16.1 4,043 16.1 237,996 17.1
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 2,070 8.3 2,070 8.3 162,583 11.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 1,793 7.2 1,793 7.2 104,460 7.5
      35.0 percent or more 6,422 25.7 6,422 25.7 288,463 20.7
             
      Not computed 187 0.7 187 0.7 6,675 0.5
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 11,039 100.0 11,039 100.0 613,378 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 4,324 39.2 4,324 39.2 299,476 48.8
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 1,581 14.3 1,581 14.3 112,519 18.3
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 1,341 12.1 1,341 12.1 68,187 11.1
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,007 9.1 1,007 9.1 40,092 6.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 588 5.3 588 5.3 23,091 3.8
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 518 4.7 518 4.7 15,011 2.4
      35.0 percent or more 1,680 15.2 1,680 15.2 55,002 9.0
             
      Not computed 453 4.1 453 4.1 8,252 1.3
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 52,891 100.0 52,891 100.0 1,029,623 100.0
      Less than $500 6,828 12.9 6,828 12.9 87,073 8.5
      $500 to $999 25,057 47.4 25,057 47.4 329,639 32.0
      $1,000 to $1,499 15,399 29.1 15,399 29.1 313,951 30.5
      $1,500 to $1,999 4,305 8.1 4,305 8.1 175,972 17.1
      $2,000 to $2,499 1,105 2.1 1,105 2.1 70,024 6.8
      $2,500 to $2,999 156 0.3 156 0.3 30,581 3.0
      $3,000 or more 41 0.1 41 0.1 22,383 2.2
      Median (dollars) 927 ... 927 ... 1,144  
             
      No rent paid 1,789 3.4 1,789 3.4 57,403 5.6
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 50,924 100.0 50,924 100.0 1,009,864 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 4,759 9.3 4,759 9.3 120,232 11.9
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 4,516 8.9 4,516 8.9 126,252 12.5
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 5,903 11.6 5,903 11.6 140,161 13.9
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 6,605 13.0 6,605 13.0 123,105 12.2
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 3,805 7.5 3,805 7.5 98,674 9.8
      35.0 percent or more 25,336 49.8 25,336 49.8 401,440 39.8
             
      Housing Units 3,756 7.4 3,756 7.4 77,162 7.6
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.


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