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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Yuma, AZ [0485540]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Yuma is located in Yuma County (04027). The population of Yuma changed from 91,336 in 2010 to 94,906 in 2016; a change of 3,570 (3.9%). The county population changed from 197,071 to 205,631, a change of 8,560 (4.3%) during the same period.

Yuma is located in the Yuma, AZ MSA (CBSA 49740). The CBSA population changed from 197,071 to 205,631 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 8,560 (4.3%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 216th based on 2016 population, 189th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 226th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 93,812. The population of one race include 71.4% White alone, 3.2% Black alone, 0.7% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 1.9% Asian alone, and 0.1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 58.1% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 40,340 total housing units, 33,394 were occupied housing units (households) or 82.8% of total units. Of the 19,876 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $119,100. Of the 19,876 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $879. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 24,549 family households, 15.7% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 18.4% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $43,754 with median family income of $48,263. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 27,155 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 12,968 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 55,960 population 25 years and over, 77.5% were high school graduates and 17.0% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Yuma, AZYuma County Arizona
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 91,336   197,071   6,408,312  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 94,164 3.10 202,539 2.77 6,467,163 0.92
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 93,612 -0.59 202,160 -0.19 6,549,634 1.28
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 92,789 -0.88 201,851 -0.15 6,624,617 1.14
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 93,374 0.63 203,111 0.62 6,719,993 1.44
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 93,717 0.37 203,706 0.29 6,817,565 1.45
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 94,906 1.27 205,631 0.94 6,931,071 1.66
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Yuma, AZYuma County Arizona
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 93,812 100.0 202,987 100.0 6,641,928 100.0
      Male 47,812 51.0 103,779 51.1 3,299,088 49.7
      Female 46,000 49.0 99,208 48.9 3,342,840 50.3
             
      Under 5 years 7,009 7.5 15,152 7.5 433,835 6.5
      5 to 9 years 7,180 7.7 14,509 7.1 455,634 6.9
      10 to 14 years 7,380 7.9 15,023 7.4 456,495 6.9
      15 to 19 years 7,067 7.5 15,436 7.6 456,343 6.9
      20 to 24 years 9,216 9.8 17,457 8.6 478,317 7.2
      25 to 34 years 13,318 14.2 26,675 13.1 886,173 13.3
      35 to 44 years 11,141 11.9 22,568 11.1 833,412 12.5
      45 to 54 years 9,891 10.5 22,474 11.1 840,625 12.7
      55 to 59 years 4,666 5.0 10,126 5.0 402,381 6.1
      60 to 64 years 3,872 4.1 9,341 4.6 378,638 5.7
      65 to 74 years 6,977 7.4 18,389 9.1 588,977 8.9
      75 to 84 years 4,709 5.0 12,814 6.3 312,535 4.7
      85 years and over 1,386 1.5 3,023 1.5 118,563 1.8
             
      Median age (years) 31.4 ... 33.8 ... 36.8  
             
      18 years and over 68,143 72.6 149,244 73.5 5,024,639 75.7
      21 years and over 63,503 67.7 139,129 68.5 4,736,626 71.3
      62 years and over 15,341 16.4 39,677 19.5 1,244,720 18.7
      65 years and over 13,072 13.9 34,226 16.9 1,020,075 15.4
             
      18 years and over 68,143 72.6 149,244 73.5 5,024,639 75.7
        Male 34,632 36.9 76,530 37.7 2,473,872 37.2
        Female 33,511 35.7 72,714 35.8 2,550,767 38.4
             
      65 years and over 13,072 13.9 34,226 16.9 1,020,075 15.4
        Male 5,821 6.2 16,350 8.1 468,074 7.0
        Female 7,251 7.7 17,876 8.8 552,001 8.3
             
 RACE            
    Total population 93,812 100.0 202,987 100.0 6,641,928 100.0
      One race 90,704 96.7 198,315 97.7 6,430,083 96.8
      Two or more races 3,108 3.3 4,672 2.3 211,845 3.2
             
    One race 90,704 96.7 198,315 97.7 6,430,083 96.8
      White 66,984 71.4 156,587 77.1 5,210,335 78.4
      Black or African American 3,010 3.2 4,300 2.1 281,576 4.2
      American Indian and Alaska Native 617 0.7 2,613 1.3 294,721 4.4
        Cherokee tribal grouping 0 0.0 7 0.0 2,817 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 18 0.0 1,258 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 141 0.2 755 0.4 145,393 2.2
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 2 0.0 1,862 0.0
      Asian 1,784 1.9 2,634 1.3 200,090 3.0
        Asian Indian 172 0.2 431 0.2 43,322 0.7
        Chinese 124 0.1 176 0.1 38,663 0.6
        Filipino 720 0.8 823 0.4 36,976 0.6
        Japanese 136 0.1 177 0.1 10,269 0.2
        Korean 129 0.1 277 0.1 15,987 0.2
        Vietnamese 233 0.2 348 0.2 27,573 0.4
        Other Asian 270 0.3 402 0.2 27,300 0.4
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 134 0.1 346 0.2 12,471 0.2
        Native Hawaiian 111 0.1 244 0.1 4,284 0.1
        Guamanian or Chamorro 0 0.0 0 0.0 1,797 0.0
        Samoan 9 0.0 9 0.0 2,001 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 14 0.0 93 0.0 4,389 0.1
      Some other race 18,175 19.4 31,835 15.7 430,890 6.5
    Two or more races 3,108 3.3 4,672 2.3 211,845 3.2
      White and Black or African American 579 0.6 907 0.4 44,339 0.7
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 514 0.5 1,140 0.6 44,708 0.7
      White and Asian 506 0.5 692 0.3 40,054 0.6
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 97 0.1 117 0.1 5,868 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 93,812 100.0 202,987 100.0 6,641,928 100.0
      White 69,479 74.1 160,569 79.1 5,391,169 81.2
      Black or African American 3,999 4.3 5,648 2.8 348,422 5.2
      American Indian and Alaska Native 1,436 1.5 4,187 2.1 360,878 5.4
      Asian 2,534 2.7 3,645 1.8 260,295 3.9
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 284 0.3 517 0.3 27,497 0.4
      Some other race 19,356 20.6 33,330 16.4 482,227 7.3
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 93,812 100.0 202,987 100.0 6,641,928 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 54,479 58.1 124,037 61.1 2,014,711 30.3
        Mexican 51,103 54.5 118,724 58.5 1,813,659 27.3
        Puerto Rican 715 0.8 1,395 0.7 38,540 0.6
        Cuban 54 0.1 125 0.1 12,888 0.2
        Other Hispanic or Latino 2,607 2.8 3,793 1.9 149,624 2.3
      Not Hispanic or Latino 39,333 41.9 78,950 38.9 4,627,217 69.7
        White alone 33,092 35.3 68,015 33.5 3,752,853 56.5
        Black or African American alone 2,646 2.8 3,784 1.9 264,119 4.0
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 435 0.5 2,046 1.0 265,099 4.0
        Asian alone 1,646 1.8 2,413 1.2 194,757 2.9
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 40 0.0 252 0.1 11,422 0.2
        Some other race alone 97 0.1 98 0.0 7,077 0.1
        Two or more races 1,377 1.5 2,342 1.2 131,890 2.0
         Two races including Some other race 36 0.0 94 0.0 4,917 0.1
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 1,341 1.4 2,248 1.1 126,973 1.9
             
    Total housing units 40,340 ... 89,330 ... 2,890,664  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 57,278 61.1 119,116 58.7 4,526,594 68.2
      Male 29,932 31.9 62,850 31.0 2,224,133 33.5
      Female 27,346 29.1 56,266 27.7 2,302,461 34.7
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Yuma, AZYuma County Arizona
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 33,394 100.0 70,639 100.0 2,412,212 100.0
      Family households (families) 24,549 73.5 54,231 76.8 1,581,380 65.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 12,560 37.6 25,093 35.5 677,012 28.1
      Married-couple family 18,100 54.2 40,757 57.7 1,142,828 47.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 8,695 26.0 17,260 24.4 436,891 18.1
      Male householder, no wife present, family 2,017 6.0 4,334 6.1 131,803 5.5
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 1,040 3.1 2,229 3.2 67,558 2.8
      Female householder, no husband present, family 4,432 13.3 9,140 12.9 306,749 12.7
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 2,825 8.5 5,604 7.9 172,563 7.2
      Nonfamily households 8,845 26.5 16,408 23.2 830,832 34.4
        Householder living alone 7,214 21.6 13,427 19.0 659,485 27.3
         65 years and over 3,365 10.1 6,970 9.9 242,076 10.0
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 14,006 41.9 28,714 40.6 767,607 31.8
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 9,325 27.9 23,369 33.1 700,522 29.0
             
      Average household size 2.71 ... 2.77 ... 2.69  
      Average family size 3.15 ... 3.18 ... 3.30  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 90,333 100.0 195,784 100.0 6,491,160 100.0
      Householder 33,394 37.0 70,639 36.1 2,412,212 37.2
      Spouse 17,836 19.7 40,635 20.8 1,141,965 17.6
      Child 29,050 32.2 62,707 32.0 1,970,330 30.4
      Other relatives 5,992 6.6 14,612 7.5 531,709 8.2
      Nonrelatives 4,061 4.5 7,191 3.7 434,944 6.7
        Unmarried partner 2,166 2.4 4,390 2.2 173,826 2.7
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 36,612 100.0 81,106 100.0 2,612,798 100.0
      Never married 11,895 32.5 25,442 31.4 950,858 36.4
      Now married, except separated 20,301 55.4 45,411 56.0 1,268,460 48.5
      Separated 668 1.8 1,707 2.1 42,258 1.6
      Widowed 984 2.7 2,254 2.8 67,272 2.6
      Divorced 2,764 7.5 6,292 7.8 283,950 10.9
             
    Females 15 years and over 35,631 100.0 77,197 100.0 2,683,166 100.0
      Never married 8,910 25.0 18,654 24.2 783,689 29.2
      Now married, except separated 18,735 52.6 42,807 55.5 1,238,617 46.2
      Separated 1,027 2.9 2,165 2.8 57,460 2.1
      Widowed 3,233 9.1 6,800 8.8 227,474 8.5
      Divorced 3,726 10.5 6,771 8.8 375,926 14.0
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 1,330 100.0 2,811 100.0 85,255 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 437 32.9 954 33.9 32,962 38.7
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 42 3.2 45 1.6 37 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 60 4.5 63 2.2 55 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 32 2.4 27 1.0 19 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 104 7.8 113 4.0 96 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 21 1.6 24 0.9 26 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 2,617 100.0 6,623 100.0 166,232 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 1,205 46.0 2,286 34.5 64,681 38.9
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 231 8.8 381 5.8 14,491 8.7
        1 or 2 years 306 11.7 613 9.3 14,319 8.6
        3 or 4 years 140 5.3 337 5.1 9,947 6.0
        5 or more years 528 20.2 955 14.4 25,924 15.6
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 1,205 100.0 2,286 100.0 64,681 100.0
      Who are female 756 62.7 1,400 61.2 39,168 60.6
      Who are married 1,025 85.1 1,810 79.2 45,189 69.9
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 27,155 100.0 53,929 100.0 1,754,549 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 1,710 6.3 3,104 5.8 82,906 4.7
      Kindergarten 1,586 5.8 2,918 5.4 87,639 5.0
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 11,382 41.9 23,569 43.7 729,318 41.6
      High school (grades 9-12) 5,944 21.9 12,685 23.5 368,472 21.0
      College or graduate school 6,533 24.1 11,653 21.6 486,214 27.7
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 55,960 100.0 125,410 100.0 4,361,304 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 6,180 11.0 18,297 14.6 271,415 6.2
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 6,421 11.5 17,894 14.3 337,830 7.7
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 14,442 25.8 31,385 25.0 1,063,765 24.4
      Some college, no degree 14,990 26.8 30,695 24.5 1,118,715 25.7
      Associate's degree 4,434 7.9 9,122 7.3 370,569 8.5
      Bachelor's degree 5,911 10.6 11,746 9.4 753,425 17.3
      Graduate or professional degree 3,582 6.4 6,271 5.0 445,585 10.2
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 77.50 ... 71.10 ... 86.00  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 17.00 ... 14.40 ... 27.50  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 65,159 100.0 145,932 100.0 5,007,440 100.0
      Civilian veterans 6,870 10.5 14,594 10.0 505,794 10.1
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 89,606 100.0 194,973 100.0 6,533,509 100.0
      With a disability 9,493 10.6 22,554 11.6 800,210 12.2
             
    Under 18 years 25,669 28.6 53,743 27.6 1,615,216 24.7
      With a disability 757 0.8 1,493 0.8 58,874 0.9
             
    18 to 64 years 51,135 57.1 107,295 55.0 3,910,423 59.9
      With a disability 3,943 4.4 8,897 4.6 395,395 6.1
             
    65 years and over 12,802 14.3 33,935 17.4 1,007,870 15.4
      With a disability 4,793 5.3 12,164 6.2 345,941 5.3
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 92,531 100.0 200,390 100.0 6,561,299 100.0
      Same house 71,467 77.2 164,625 82.2 5,337,286 81.3
      Different house in the U.S. 19,479 21.1 33,069 16.5 1,179,130 18.0
        Same county 12,628 13.6 21,482 10.7 823,247 12.5
        Different county 6,851 7.4 11,587 5.8 355,883 5.4
         Same state 1,764 1.9 3,624 1.8 119,808 1.8
         Different state 5,087 5.5 7,963 4.0 236,075 3.6
      Abroad 1,585 1.7 2,696 1.3 44,883 0.7
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 93,812 100.0 202,987 100.0 6,641,928 100.0
      Native 73,967 78.8 149,621 73.7 5,745,924 86.5
        Born in United States 72,504 77.3 146,277 72.1 5,659,706 85.2
         State of residence 35,406 37.7 71,367 35.2 2,571,048 38.7
         Different state 37,098 39.5 74,910 36.9 3,088,658 46.5
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 1,463 1.6 3,344 1.6 86,218 1.3
      Foreign born 19,845 21.2 53,366 26.3 896,004 13.5
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 19,845 100.0 53,366 100.0 896,004 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 8,374 42.2 21,112 39.6 354,181 39.5
      Not a U.S. citizen 11,471 57.8 32,254 60.4 541,823 60.5
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 21,308 100.0 56,710 100.0 982,222 100.0
             
      Native 1,463 6.9 3,344 5.9 86,218 8.8
        Entered 2010 or later 190 0.9 459 0.8 6,508 0.7
        Entered before 2010 1,273 6.0 2,885 5.1 79,710 8.1
             
      Foreign born 19,845 93.1 53,366 94.1 896,004 91.2
        Entered 2010 or later 1,885 8.8 5,388 9.5 84,055 8.6
        Entered before 2010 17,960 84.3 47,978 84.6 811,949 82.7
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 19,845 100.0 53,366 100.0 896,004 100.0
      Europe 422 2.1 1,048 2.0 83,855 9.4
      Asia 1,401 7.1 2,029 3.8 167,498 18.7
      Africa 66 0.3 153 0.3 24,801 2.8
      Oceania 71 0.4 88 0.2 4,617 0.5
      Latin America 16,172 81.5 46,338 86.8 573,086 64.0
      Northern America 1,713 8.6 3,710 7.0 42,147 4.7
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 86,803 100.0 187,835 100.0 6,208,093 100.0
      English only 47,644 54.9 90,047 47.9 4,536,673 73.1
      Language other than English 39,159 45.1 97,788 52.1 1,671,420 26.9
        Speak English less than "very well" 13,543 15.6 43,785 23.3 570,144 9.2
      Spanish 36,729 42.3 93,778 49.9 1,272,191 20.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 12,872 14.8 42,727 22.7 450,240 7.3
      Other Indo-European languages 918 1.1 1,609 0.9 126,245 2.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 176 0.2 349 0.2 28,398 0.5
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 1,115 1.3 1,531 0.8 122,552 2.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 369 0.4 504 0.3 52,096 0.8
      Other languages 397 0.5 870 0.5 150,432 2.4
        Speak English less than "very well" 126 0.1 205 0.1 39,410 0.6
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 93,812 100.0 202,987 100.0 6,641,928 100.0
      American 4,914 5.2 11,036 5.4 341,516 5.1
      Arab 248 0.3 390 0.2 34,091 0.5
      Czech 192 0.2 475 0.2 27,153 0.4
      Danish 183 0.2 560 0.3 42,135 0.6
      Dutch 870 0.9 1,626 0.8 88,857 1.3
      English 5,186 5.5 11,662 5.7 564,224 8.5
      French (except Basque) 1,161 1.2 2,713 1.3 161,910 2.4
      French Canadian 425 0.5 706 0.3 32,071 0.5
      German 7,713 8.2 16,285 8.0 931,486 14.0
      Greek 132 0.1 292 0.1 21,742 0.3
      Hungarian 162 0.2 308 0.2 27,539 0.4
      Irish 6,399 6.8 11,348 5.6 617,390 9.3
      Italian 1,751 1.9 3,343 1.6 287,939 4.3
      Lithuanian 36 0.0 58 0.0 11,413 0.2
      Norwegian 717 0.8 2,006 1.0 115,761 1.7
      Polish 897 1.0 1,846 0.9 156,859 2.4
      Portuguese 132 0.1 217 0.1 16,313 0.2
      Russian 236 0.3 491 0.2 50,900 0.8
      Scotch-Irish 369 0.4 933 0.5 54,417 0.8
      Scottish 1,086 1.2 2,141 1.1 122,794 1.8
      Slovak 38 0.0 50 0.0 9,165 0.1
      Subsaharan African 256 0.3 371 0.2 35,975 0.5
      Swedish 816 0.9 1,833 0.9 101,191 1.5
      Swiss 107 0.1 203 0.1 18,181 0.3
      Ukrainian 85 0.1 238 0.1 14,270 0.2
      Welsh 364 0.4 777 0.4 43,079 0.6
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 124 0.1 143 0.1 10,246 0.2
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Yuma, AZYuma County Arizona
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 70,752 100.0 155,406 100.0 5,207,123 100.0
      In labor force 43,605 61.6 85,699 55.1 3,106,324 59.7
        Civilian labor force 40,621 57.4 82,387 53.0 3,089,118 59.3
         Employed 35,659 50.4 71,622 46.1 2,813,406 54.0
         Unemployed 4,962 7.0 10,765 6.9 275,712 5.3
        Armed Forces 2,984 4.2 3,312 2.1 17,206 0.3
      Not in labor force 27,147 38.4 69,707 44.9 2,100,799 40.3
             
    Civilian labor force 40,621 57.4 82,387 53.0 3,089,118 59.3
      Unemployment Rate 12.2 ... 13.1 ... 8.9  
             
    Females 16 years and over 34,930 49.4 75,833 48.8 2,639,742 50.7
      In labor force 18,175 25.7 35,934 23.1 1,440,426 27.7
        Civilian labor force 17,872 25.3 35,631 22.9 1,438,097 27.6
         Employed 15,381 21.7 30,330 19.5 1,313,662 25.2
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 8,342 11.8 17,475 11.2 502,325 9.6
      All parents in family in labor force 5,015 7.1 10,216 6.6 302,591 5.8
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 15,912 22.5 33,600 21.6 1,027,007 19.7
      All parents in family in labor force 11,084 15.7 21,962 14.1 682,943 13.1
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 37,869 100.0 72,871 100.0 2,777,754 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 30,102 79.5 58,007 79.6 2,125,151 76.5
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 4,149 11.0 8,325 11.4 307,132 11.1
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 386 1.0 761 1.0 58,024 2.1
      Walked 1,448 3.8 2,023 2.8 56,694 2.0
      Other means 785 2.1 1,361 1.9 76,649 2.8
      Worked at home 999 2.6 2,394 3.3 154,104 5.5
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 16 ... 19 ... 25  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 35,659 100.0 71,622 100.0 2,813,406 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 10,140 28.4 17,912 25.0 986,331 35.1
      Service occupations 8,878 24.9 17,246 24.1 559,290 19.9
      Sales and office occupations 8,554 24.0 16,370 22.9 737,817 26.2
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 4,264 12.0 11,659 16.3 258,469 9.2
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 3,823 10.7 8,435 11.8 271,499 9.7
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 35,659 100.0 71,622 100.0 2,813,406 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 2,168 6.1 7,666 10.7 44,908 1.6
      Construction 1,647 4.6 3,916 5.5 185,028 6.6
      Manufacturing 1,591 4.5 3,036 4.2 204,240 7.3
      Wholesale trade 972 2.7 2,182 3.0 67,492 2.4
      Retail trade 3,844 10.8 8,255 11.5 344,151 12.2
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 1,228 3.4 2,741 3.8 138,155 4.9
      Information 453 1.3 860 1.2 50,115 1.8
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 1,499 4.2 2,568 3.6 228,065 8.1
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 3,602 10.1 6,370 8.9 334,219 11.9
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 8,024 22.5 14,317 20.0 622,383 22.1
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 4,504 12.6 7,556 10.5 304,606 10.8
      Other services, except public administration 1,648 4.6 3,685 5.1 136,066 4.8
      Public administration 4,479 12.6 8,470 11.8 153,978 5.5
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 35,659 100.0 71,622 100.0 2,813,406 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 26,055 73.1 52,321 73.1 2,230,268 79.3
      Government workers 7,939 22.3 15,705 21.9 411,874 14.6
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 1,633 4.6 3,533 4.9 166,671 5.9
      Unpaid family workers 32 0.1 63 0.1 4,593 0.2
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 33,394 100.0 70,639 100.0 2,412,212 100.0
      Less than $10,000 2,743 8.2 5,870 8.3 185,629 7.7
      $10,000 to $14,999 2,231 6.7 4,611 6.5 125,386 5.2
      $15,000 to $24,999 4,347 13.0 9,711 13.7 268,065 11.1
      $25,000 to $34,999 4,118 12.3 10,277 14.5 267,669 11.1
      $35,000 to $49,999 5,570 16.7 11,615 16.4 352,984 14.6
      $50,000 to $74,999 6,549 19.6 13,383 18.9 446,513 18.5
      $75,000 to $99,999 3,291 9.9 6,756 9.6 285,636 11.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,963 8.9 5,627 8.0 288,720 12.0
      $150,000 to $199,999 777 2.3 1,467 2.1 99,975 4.1
      $200,000 or more 805 2.4 1,322 1.9 91,635 3.8
      Median household income (dollars) 43,754 ... 40,743 ... 50,255  
      Mean household income (dollars) 57,557 ... 54,022 ... 68,297  
             
      With earnings 25,473 76.3 50,512 71.5 1,804,676 74.8
        Mean earnings (dollars) 58,564 ... 54,195 ... 68,904  
      With Social Security 9,629 28.8 24,279 34.4 771,485 32.0
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 16,663 ... 17,715 ... 18,862  
      With retirement income 6,371 19.1 14,522 20.6 480,074 19.9
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 24,055 ... 23,768 ... 24,807  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 1,145 3.4 2,846 4.0 102,392 4.2
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 9,546 ... 8,867 ... 9,698  
      With cash public assistance income 545 1.6 928 1.3 56,036 2.3
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 3,518 ... 3,034 ... 3,188  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 6,024 18.0 14,210 20.1 325,831 13.5
             
    Families 24,549 100.0 54,231 100.0 1,581,380 100.0
      Less than $10,000 1,533 6.2 3,601 6.6 87,683 5.5
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,179 4.8 2,684 4.9 53,424 3.4
      $15,000 to $24,999 2,649 10.8 6,678 12.3 133,190 8.4
      $25,000 to $34,999 3,104 12.6 8,091 14.9 159,245 10.1
      $35,000 to $49,999 4,330 17.6 9,523 17.6 223,084 14.1
      $50,000 to $74,999 4,960 20.2 10,715 19.8 313,831 19.8
      $75,000 to $99,999 2,832 11.5 5,602 10.3 216,059 13.7
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,567 10.5 4,870 9.0 233,503 14.8
      $150,000 to $199,999 717 2.9 1,384 2.6 84,110 5.3
      $200,000 or more 678 2.8 1,083 2.0 77,251 4.9
      Median family income (dollars) 48,263 ... 44,088 ... 59,480  
      Mean family income (dollars) 63,233 ... 57,620 ... 78,365  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 21,103 ... 19,102 ... 25,848  
             
    Nonfamily households 8,845 ... 16,408 ... 830,832  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 27,013 ... 26,634 ... 32,283  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 38,492 ... 38,856 ... 45,752  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 25,304 ... 22,138 ... 29,627  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 37,855 ... 36,561 ... 45,090  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 31,380 ... 30,628 ... 37,264  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 89,606 100.0 194,973 100.0 6,533,509 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 74,034 82.6 157,164 80.6 5,551,125 85.0
        With private health insurance 50,827 56.7 100,660 51.6 3,977,054 60.9
        With public coverage 32,338 36.1 80,924 41.5 2,324,123 35.6
      No health insurance coverage 15,572 17.4 37,809 19.4 982,384 15.0
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 25,669 100.0 53,743 100.0 1,615,216 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 3,461 ... 8,632 ... 178,507  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 51,135 100.0 107,295 100.0 3,910,423 100.0
      In labor force: 38,688 75.7 78,248 72.9 2,906,399 74.3
        Employed: 34,045 66.6 68,252 63.6 2,652,462 67.8
         With health insurance coverage 26,702 52.2 51,400 47.9 2,173,947 55.6
         With private health insurance 23,165 45.3 43,334 40.4 1,965,236 50.3
         With public coverage 4,478 8.8 10,096 9.4 273,111 7.0
         No health insurance coverage 7,343 14.4 16,852 15.7 478,515 12.2
        Unemployed: 4,643 9.1 9,996 9.3 253,937 6.5
         With health insurance coverage 2,773 5.4 5,715 5.3 156,576 4.0
         With private health insurance 1,280 2.5 2,240 2.1 76,727 2.0
         With public coverage 1,621 3.2 3,650 3.4 86,485 2.2
         No health insurance coverage 1,870 3.7 4,281 4.0 97,361 2.5
      Not in labor force: 12,447 24.3 29,047 27.1 1,004,024 25.7
        With health insurance coverage 9,673 18.9 21,363 19.9 787,012 20.1
         With private health insurance 5,691 11.1 11,016 10.3 464,329 11.9
         With public coverage 4,554 8.9 11,786 11.0 382,587 9.8
        No health insurance coverage 2,774 5.4 7,684 7.2 217,012 5.5
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 15.7 ... 17.6 ... 13.3  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 21.5 ... 25.6 ... 21.2  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 24.7 ... 23.8 ... 20.2  
    Married couple families 8.9 ... 10.1 ... 7.6  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 11.7 ... 14.4 ... 12.0  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 12.8 ... 11.3 ... 10.0  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 40.7 ... 44.3 ... 31.7  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 50.1 ... 54.2 ... 40.3  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 65.9 ... 62.5 ... 42.2  
             
    All people 18.4 ... 20.7 ... 18.2  
    Under 18 years 23.9 ... 29.0 ... 26.0  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 23.1 ... 28.5 ... 25.6  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 25.8 ... 27.3 ... 28.7  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 22.1 ... 28.9 ... 24.5  
    18 years and over 16.2 ... 17.6 ... 15.7  
    18 to 64 years 17.2 ... 19.3 ... 17.5  
    65 years and over 12.2 ... 12.3 ... 8.8  
    People in families 16.3 ... 19.3 ... 16.0  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 30.9 ... 30.7 ... 27.4  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Yuma, AZYuma County Arizona
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 40,340 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
      Occupied housing units 33,394 82.8 2,986 85.2 2,986 85.2
      Vacant housing units 6,946 17.2 520 14.8 520 14.8
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 1.80 ... 1.70 ... 1.70  
      Rental vacancy rate 9.70 ... 4.10 ... 4.10  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 40,340 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1-unit, detached 21,930 54.4 2,327 66.4 2,327 66.4
    1-unit, attached 2,236 5.5 58 1.7 58 1.7
    2 units 535 1.3 62 1.8 62 1.8
    3 or 4 units 1,718 4.3 35 1.0 35 1.0
    5 to 9 units 2,410 6.0 64 1.8 64 1.8
    10 to 19 units 1,998 5.0 19 0.5 19 0.5
    20 or more units 1,526 3.8 78 2.2 78 2.2
    Mobile home 7,611 18.9 860 24.5 860 24.5
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 376 0.9 3 0.1 3 0.1
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 40,340 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 92 0.2 17 0.5 17 0.5
    Built 2010 to 2013 558 1.4 43 1.2 43 1.2
    Built 2000 to 2009 9,286 23.0 449 12.8 449 12.8
    Built 1990 to 1999 6,670 16.5 362 10.3 362 10.3
    Built 1980 to 1989 7,575 18.8 525 15.0 525 15.0
    Built 1970 to 1979 7,361 18.2 648 18.5 648 18.5
    Built 1960 to 1969 2,703 6.7 252 7.2 252 7.2
    Built 1950 to 1959 3,981 9.9 541 15.4 541 15.4
    Built 1940 to 1949 957 2.4 284 8.1 284 8.1
    Built 1939 or earlier 1,157 2.9 385 11.0 385 11.0
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 40,340 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1 room 1,041 2.6 118 3.4 118 3.4
    2 rooms 2,074 5.1 74 2.1 74 2.1
    3 rooms 4,655 11.5 246 7.0 246 7.0
    4 rooms 8,354 20.7 599 17.1 599 17.1
    5 rooms 11,152 27.6 762 21.7 762 21.7
    6 rooms 6,551 16.2 614 17.5 614 17.5
    7 rooms 3,678 9.1 489 13.9 489 13.9
    8 rooms 1,640 4.1 269 7.7 269 7.7
    9 rooms or more 1,195 3.0 335 9.6 335 9.6
    Median rooms 5 ... 5 ... 5  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 40,340 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    No bedroom 1,061 2.6 118 3.4 118 3.4
    1 bedroom 7,217 17.9 296 8.4 296 8.4
    2 bedrooms 9,651 23.9 892 25.4 892 25.4
    3 bedrooms 15,241 37.8 1,426 40.7 1,426 40.7
    4 bedrooms 6,341 15.7 717 20.5 717 20.5
    5 or more bedrooms 829 2.1 57 1.6 57 1.6
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 33,394 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Owner-occupied 19,876 59.5 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Renter-occupied 13,518 40.5 656 22.0 656 22.0
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 3 ... 2 ... 2  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 3 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 33,394 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 838 2.5 28 0.9 28 0.9
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 13,336 39.9 736 24.6 736 24.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 11,695 35.0 1,260 42.2 1,260 42.2
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 4,566 13.7 390 13.1 390 13.1
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 1,373 4.1 277 9.3 277 9.3
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 1,586 4.7 295 9.9 295 9.9
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 33,394 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      No vehicles available 2,265 6.8 215 7.2 215 7.2
      1 vehicle available 12,997 38.9 618 20.7 618 20.7
      2 vehicles available 12,259 36.7 952 31.9 952 31.9
      3 or more vehicles available 5,873 17.6 1,201 40.2 1,201 40.2
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 33,394 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Utility gas 8,477 25.4 1,208 40.5 1,208 40.5
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 768 2.3 817 27.4 817 27.4
      Electricity 18,466 55.3 679 22.7 679 22.7
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 9 0.0 11 0.4 11 0.4
      Coal or coke 0 0.0 68 2.3 68 2.3
      Wood 51 0.2 186 6.2 186 6.2
      Solar energy 27 0.1 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Other fuel 10 0.0 17 0.6 17 0.6
      No fuel used 5,586 16.7 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 33,394 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 74 0.2 60 2.0 60 2.0
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 278 0.8 68 2.3 68 2.3
      No telephone service available 1,272 3.8 59 2.0 59 2.0
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 33,394 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      1.00 or less 31,417 94.1 2,900 97.1 2,900 97.1
      1.01 to 1.50 1,477 4.4 34 1.1 34 1.1
      1.51 or more 500 1.5 52 1.7 52 1.7
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 19,876 59.5 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Less than $50,000 2,653 7.9 358 12.0 358 12.0
      $50,000 to $99,999 4,975 14.9 361 12.1 361 12.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 5,203 15.6 276 9.2 276 9.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 3,159 9.5 383 12.8 383 12.8
      $200,000 to $299,999 2,528 7.6 622 20.8 622 20.8
      $300,000 to $499,999 905 2.7 233 7.8 233 7.8
      $500,000 to $999,999 392 1.2 90 3.0 90 3.0
      $1,000,000 or more 61 0.2 7 0.2 7 0.2
      Median (dollars) 119,100 ... 178,200 ... 178,200  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 19,876 100.0 2,330 100.0 2,330 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 12,609 63.4 1,012 43.4 1,012 43.4
      Housing units without a mortgage 7,267 36.6 1,318 56.6 1,318 56.6
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 12,609 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than $500 134 1.1 52 5.1 52 5.1
      $500 to $999 3,707 29.4 255 25.2 255 25.2
      $1,000 to $1,499 5,124 40.6 432 42.7 432 42.7
      $1,500 to $1,999 2,096 16.6 221 21.8 221 21.8
      $2,000 to $2,499 931 7.4 36 3.6 36 3.6
      $2,500 to $2,999 258 2.0 8 0.8 8 0.8
      $3,000 or more 359 2.8 8 0.8 8 0.8
      Median (dollars) 1,202 ... 1,303 ... 1,303  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 7,267 100.0 1,318 100.0 1,318 100.0
      Less than $250 1,593 21.9 255 19.3 255 19.3
      $250 to $399 2,418 33.3 462 35.1 462 35.1
      $400 to $599 2,290 31.5 471 35.7 471 35.7
      $600 to $799 714 9.8 93 7.1 93 7.1
      $800 to $999 177 2.4 37 2.8 37 2.8
      $1,000 or more 75 1.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 379 ... 380 ... 380  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 12,529 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 4,635 37.0 480 47.4 480 47.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,284 18.2 167 16.5 167 16.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,400 11.2 108 10.7 108 10.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 1,100 8.8 55 5.4 55 5.4
      35.0 percent or more 3,110 24.8 202 20.0 202 20.0
             
      Not computed 80 0.6 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 7,053 100.0 1,298 100.0 1,298 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 2,930 41.5 774 59.6 774 59.6
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 1,312 18.6 202 15.6 202 15.6
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 907 12.9 73 5.6 73 5.6
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 535 7.6 39 3.0 39 3.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 420 6.0 58 4.5 58 4.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 270 3.8 64 4.9 64 4.9
      35.0 percent or more 679 9.6 88 6.8 88 6.8
             
      Not computed 214 3.0 20 1.5 20 1.5
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 12,727 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than $500 1,590 12.5 124 22.4 124 22.4
      $500 to $999 6,438 50.6 282 50.9 282 50.9
      $1,000 to $1,499 3,974 31.2 91 16.4 91 16.4
      $1,500 to $1,999 527 4.1 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $2,000 to $2,499 103 0.8 57 10.3 57 10.3
      $2,500 to $2,999 95 0.7 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $3,000 or more 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 879 ... 740 ... 740  
             
      No rent paid 791 6.2 102 18.4 102 18.4
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 12,567 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 1,128 9.0 200 36.1 200 36.1
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 1,450 11.5 84 15.2 84 15.2
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,966 15.6 55 9.9 55 9.9
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,557 12.4 37 6.7 37 6.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 958 7.6 10 1.8 10 1.8
      35.0 percent or more 5,508 43.8 168 30.3 168 30.3
             
      Housing Units 951 7.6 102 18.4 102 18.4
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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