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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Springfield, IL [1772000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Springfield is located in Sangamon County (17167). The population of Springfield changed from 116,606 in 2010 to 115,715 in 2016; a change of -891 (-0.8%). The county population changed from 197,801 to 197,499, a change of -302 (-0.2%) during the same period.

Springfield is located in the Springfield, IL MSA (CBSA 44100). The CBSA population changed from 210,507 to 210,015 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of -492 (-0.2%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 212nd based on 2016 population, 644th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 575th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 117,061. The population of one race include 74.1% White alone, 19.4% Black alone, 0.2% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 2.5% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 2.6% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 56,179 total housing units, 50,575 were occupied housing units (households) or 90.0% of total units. Of the 31,382 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $120,400. Of the 31,382 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $732. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 28,120 family households, 14.1% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 19.5% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $49,868 with median family income of $67,168. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 29,606 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 13,165 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 79,610 population 25 years and over, 90.8% were high school graduates and 35.4% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Springfield, ILSangamon County Illinois
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 116,606   197,801   12,841,578  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 117,170 0.48 198,905 0.56 12,860,012 0.14
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 117,329 0.14 199,269 0.18 12,870,798 0.08
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 117,026 -0.26 198,973 -0.15 12,879,505 0.07
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 116,840 -0.16 198,959 -0.01 12,867,544 -0.09
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 116,463 -0.32 198,496 -0.23 12,839,047 -0.22
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 115,715 -0.64 197,499 -0.50 12,801,539 -0.29
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Springfield, ILSangamon County Illinois
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 117,061 100.0 199,016 100.0 12,873,761 100.0
      Male 55,821 47.7 95,552 48.0 6,316,899 49.1
      Female 61,240 52.3 103,464 52.0 6,556,862 50.9
             
      Under 5 years 7,333 6.3 12,038 6.0 801,195 6.2
      5 to 9 years 7,096 6.1 12,832 6.4 839,359 6.5
      10 to 14 years 7,279 6.2 13,291 6.7 856,765 6.7
      15 to 19 years 7,245 6.2 12,491 6.3 879,516 6.8
      20 to 24 years 8,498 7.3 12,409 6.2 896,748 7.0
      25 to 34 years 15,939 13.6 25,547 12.8 1,781,564 13.8
      35 to 44 years 13,710 11.7 24,479 12.3 1,688,662 13.1
      45 to 54 years 15,831 13.5 28,498 14.3 1,799,314 14.0
      55 to 59 years 8,565 7.3 14,085 7.1 857,228 6.7
      60 to 64 years 7,738 6.6 13,485 6.8 735,422 5.7
      65 to 74 years 9,364 8.0 16,436 8.3 960,789 7.5
      75 to 84 years 5,409 4.6 9,025 4.5 531,936 4.1
      85 years and over 3,054 2.6 4,400 2.2 245,263 1.9
             
      Median age (years) 38.7 ... 39.7 ... 37.3  
             
      18 years and over 91,084 77.8 152,984 76.9 9,850,027 76.5
      21 years and over 86,357 73.8 145,726 73.2 9,313,965 72.3
      62 years and over 22,555 19.3 38,033 19.1 2,159,130 16.8
      65 years and over 17,827 15.2 29,861 15.0 1,737,988 13.5
             
      18 years and over 91,084 77.8 152,984 76.9 9,850,027 76.5
        Male 42,493 36.3 72,091 36.2 4,774,593 37.1
        Female 48,591 41.5 80,893 40.6 5,075,434 39.4
             
      65 years and over 17,827 15.2 29,861 15.0 1,737,988 13.5
        Male 7,176 6.1 12,482 6.3 744,420 5.8
        Female 10,651 9.1 17,379 8.7 993,568 7.7
             
 RACE            
    Total population 117,061 100.0 199,016 100.0 12,873,761 100.0
      One race 113,773 97.2 194,569 97.8 12,584,224 97.8
      Two or more races 3,288 2.8 4,447 2.2 289,537 2.2
             
    One race 113,773 97.2 194,569 97.8 12,584,224 97.8
      White 86,798 74.1 164,596 82.7 9,312,771 72.3
      Black or African American 22,757 19.4 24,595 12.4 1,846,108 14.3
      American Indian and Alaska Native 201 0.2 270 0.1 28,363 0.2
        Cherokee tribal grouping 19 0.0 30 0.0 3,081 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 8 0.0 8 0.0 1,307 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 305 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 29 0.0 29 0.0 886 0.0
      Asian 2,891 2.5 3,545 1.8 645,642 5.0
        Asian Indian 1,315 1.1 1,409 0.7 215,703 1.7
        Chinese 605 0.5 753 0.4 123,233 1.0
        Filipino 319 0.3 535 0.3 120,321 0.9
        Japanese 95 0.1 130 0.1 17,736 0.1
        Korean 138 0.1 160 0.1 62,873 0.5
        Vietnamese 99 0.1 174 0.1 25,918 0.2
        Other Asian 320 0.3 384 0.2 79,858 0.6
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 24 0.0 60 0.0 3,407 0.0
        Native Hawaiian 0 0.0 20 0.0 1,023 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro 0 0.0 0 0.0 1,048 0.0
        Samoan 11 0.0 11 0.0 388 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 13 0.0 29 0.0 948 0.0
      Some other race 1,102 0.9 1,503 0.8 747,933 5.8
    Two or more races 3,288 2.8 4,447 2.2 289,537 2.2
      White and Black or African American 1,710 1.5 2,191 1.1 86,839 0.7
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 353 0.3 630 0.3 38,416 0.3
      White and Asian 443 0.4 816 0.4 65,296 0.5
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 220 0.2 220 0.1 10,361 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 117,061 100.0 199,016 100.0 12,873,761 100.0
      White 89,701 76.6 168,641 84.7 9,558,427 74.2
      Black or African American 24,953 21.3 27,291 13.7 1,972,360 15.3
      American Indian and Alaska Native 973 0.8 1,319 0.7 92,173 0.7
      Asian 3,504 3.0 4,539 2.3 735,368 5.7
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 81 0.1 117 0.1 13,375 0.1
      Some other race 1,413 1.2 1,834 0.9 810,571 6.3
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 117,061 100.0 199,016 100.0 12,873,761 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,046 2.6 4,205 2.1 2,122,841 16.5
        Mexican 1,919 1.6 2,565 1.3 1,685,953 13.1
        Puerto Rican 340 0.3 446 0.2 198,272 1.5
        Cuban 38 0.0 119 0.1 25,518 0.2
        Other Hispanic or Latino 749 0.6 1,075 0.5 213,098 1.7
      Not Hispanic or Latino 114,015 97.4 194,811 97.9 10,750,920 83.5
        White alone 84,772 72.4 161,766 81.3 8,041,878 62.5
        Black or African American alone 22,619 19.3 24,374 12.2 1,818,938 14.1
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 170 0.1 196 0.1 14,228 0.1
        Asian alone 2,848 2.4 3,493 1.8 641,068 5.0
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 24 0.0 60 0.0 2,567 0.0
        Some other race alone 593 0.5 785 0.4 17,388 0.1
        Two or more races 2,989 2.6 4,137 2.1 214,853 1.7
         Two races including Some other race 93 0.1 102 0.1 10,962 0.1
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 2,896 2.5 4,035 2.0 203,891 1.6
             
    Total housing units 56,179 ... 90,433 ... 5,303,675  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 88,610 75.7 150,057 75.4 8,979,999 69.8
      Male 41,209 35.2 70,688 35.5 4,320,146 33.6
      Female 47,401 40.5 79,369 39.9 4,659,853 36.2
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Springfield, ILSangamon County Illinois
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 50,575 100.0 82,885 100.0 4,786,388 100.0
      Family households (families) 28,120 55.6 50,928 61.4 3,124,683 65.3
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 12,321 24.4 22,163 26.7 1,391,493 29.1
      Married-couple family 18,718 37.0 36,648 44.2 2,302,493 48.1
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 6,703 13.3 13,469 16.3 962,482 20.1
      Male householder, no wife present, family 2,173 4.3 3,756 4.5 218,183 4.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 957 1.9 1,953 2.4 99,914 2.1
      Female householder, no husband present, family 7,229 14.3 10,524 12.7 604,007 12.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 4,661 9.2 6,741 8.1 329,097 6.9
      Nonfamily households 22,455 44.4 31,957 38.6 1,661,705 34.7
        Householder living alone 18,804 37.2 26,544 32.0 1,383,686 28.9
         65 years and over 6,680 13.2 9,641 11.6 497,110 10.4
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 13,644 27.0 24,388 29.4 1,541,976 32.2
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 13,141 26.0 21,433 25.9 1,227,693 25.6
             
      Average household size 2.24 ... 2.35 ... 2.63  
      Average family size 2.96 ... 2.97 ... 3.28  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 113,340 100.0 194,727 100.0 12,573,306 100.0
      Householder 50,575 44.6 82,885 42.6 4,786,388 38.1
      Spouse 18,676 16.5 36,624 18.8 2,300,572 18.3
      Child 30,778 27.2 54,940 28.2 3,955,020 31.5
      Other relatives 5,673 5.0 8,535 4.4 867,006 6.9
      Nonrelatives 7,638 6.7 11,743 6.0 664,320 5.3
        Unmarried partner 2,788 2.5 4,365 2.2 274,381 2.2
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 44,685 100.0 76,129 100.0 5,043,795 100.0
      Never married 17,018 38.1 25,421 33.4 1,901,776 37.7
      Now married, except separated 19,920 44.6 38,402 50.4 2,511,653 49.8
      Separated 778 1.7 1,131 1.5 73,161 1.5
      Widowed 1,440 3.2 2,228 2.9 125,522 2.5
      Divorced 5,529 12.4 8,947 11.8 431,683 8.6
             
    Females 15 years and over 50,668 100.0 84,726 100.0 5,332,647 100.0
      Never married 16,432 32.4 24,377 28.8 1,701,578 31.9
      Now married, except separated 19,819 39.1 38,353 45.3 2,455,952 46.1
      Separated 891 1.8 1,452 1.7 105,472 2.0
      Widowed 5,319 10.5 8,143 9.6 485,463 9.1
      Divorced 8,207 16.2 12,401 14.6 584,182 11.0
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 1,498 100.0 2,281 100.0 159,227 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 879 58.7 1,036 45.4 56,796 35.7
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 51 3.4 39 1.7 32 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 54 3.6 49 2.1 51 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 11 0.7 11 0.5 18 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 101 6.7 95 4.2 87 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 16 1.1 17 0.7 26 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 1,627 100.0 2,916 100.0 273,424 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 845 51.9 1,485 50.9 92,621 33.9
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 203 12.5 243 8.3 18,489 6.8
        1 or 2 years 157 9.6 314 10.8 19,948 7.3
        3 or 4 years 155 9.5 275 9.4 16,586 6.1
        5 or more years 330 20.3 653 22.4 37,598 13.8
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 845 100.0 1,485 100.0 92,621 100.0
      Who are female 534 63.2 927 62.4 59,007 63.7
      Who are married 449 53.1 953 64.2 61,485 66.4
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 29,606 100.0 50,461 100.0 3,429,755 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 2,277 7.7 3,862 7.7 234,451 6.8
      Kindergarten 1,350 4.6 2,551 5.1 167,787 4.9
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 11,815 39.9 21,269 42.1 1,355,343 39.5
      High school (grades 9-12) 5,540 18.7 10,294 20.4 714,434 20.8
      College or graduate school 8,624 29.1 12,485 24.7 957,740 27.9
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 79,610 100.0 135,955 100.0 8,600,178 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 2,060 2.6 2,836 2.1 468,183 5.4
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 5,234 6.6 7,893 5.8 570,134 6.6
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 20,834 26.2 38,177 28.1 2,308,309 26.8
      Some college, no degree 17,473 21.9 30,867 22.7 1,816,777 21.1
      Associate's degree 5,866 7.4 10,783 7.9 658,904 7.7
      Bachelor's degree 16,964 21.3 28,434 20.9 1,711,787 19.9
      Graduate or professional degree 11,179 14.0 16,965 12.5 1,066,084 12.4
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 90.80 ... 92.10 ... 87.90  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 35.40 ... 33.40 ... 32.30  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 90,841 100.0 152,651 100.0 9,832,607 100.0
      Civilian veterans 8,477 9.3 14,577 9.5 668,933 6.8
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 115,339 100.0 196,845 100.0 12,694,224 100.0
      With a disability 17,680 15.3 27,151 13.8 1,362,286 10.7
             
    Under 18 years 25,857 22.4 45,912 23.3 3,019,658 23.8
      With a disability 1,567 1.4 2,656 1.3 101,354 0.8
             
    18 to 64 years 72,532 62.9 122,285 62.1 8,000,501 63.0
      With a disability 10,065 8.7 14,505 7.4 677,126 5.3
             
    65 years and over 16,950 14.7 28,648 14.6 1,674,065 13.2
      With a disability 6,048 5.2 9,990 5.1 583,806 4.6
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 115,723 100.0 196,953 100.0 12,724,109 100.0
      Same house 93,773 81.0 165,502 84.0 11,044,024 86.8
      Different house in the U.S. 21,252 18.4 30,640 15.6 1,611,200 12.7
        Same county 14,109 12.2 21,255 10.8 1,078,017 8.5
        Different county 7,143 6.2 9,385 4.8 533,183 4.2
         Same state 4,761 4.1 6,159 3.1 321,468 2.5
         Different state 2,382 2.1 3,226 1.6 211,715 1.7
      Abroad 698 0.6 811 0.4 68,885 0.5
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 117,061 100.0 199,016 100.0 12,873,761 100.0
      Native 112,168 95.8 192,729 96.8 11,070,074 86.0
        Born in United States 111,359 95.1 191,626 96.3 10,933,064 84.9
         State of residence 89,984 76.9 157,613 79.2 8,635,858 67.1
         Different state 21,375 18.3 34,013 17.1 2,297,206 17.8
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 809 0.7 1,103 0.6 137,010 1.1
      Foreign born 4,893 4.2 6,287 3.2 1,803,687 14.0
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 4,893 100.0 6,287 100.0 1,803,687 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 2,256 46.1 3,112 49.5 863,945 47.9
      Not a U.S. citizen 2,637 53.9 3,175 50.5 939,742 52.1
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 5,702 100.0 7,390 100.0 1,940,697 100.0
             
      Native 809 14.2 1,103 14.9 137,010 7.1
        Entered 2010 or later 80 1.4 94 1.3 11,108 0.6
        Entered before 2010 729 12.8 1,009 13.7 125,902 6.5
             
      Foreign born 4,893 85.8 6,287 85.1 1,803,687 92.9
        Entered 2010 or later 957 16.8 987 13.4 149,409 7.7
        Entered before 2010 3,936 69.0 5,300 71.7 1,654,278 85.2
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 4,893 100.0 6,287 100.0 1,803,687 100.0
      Europe 713 14.6 997 15.9 375,384 20.8
      Asia 2,656 54.3 3,295 52.4 517,013 28.7
      Africa 575 11.8 658 10.5 59,912 3.3
      Oceania 29 0.6 72 1.1 3,788 0.2
      Latin America 784 16.0 1,044 16.6 828,808 46.0
      Northern America 136 2.8 221 3.5 18,782 1.0
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 109,728 100.0 186,978 100.0 12,072,566 100.0
      English only 102,827 93.7 177,843 95.1 9,332,252 77.3
      Language other than English 6,901 6.3 9,135 4.9 2,740,314 22.7
        Speak English less than "very well" 1,527 1.4 2,228 1.2 1,109,874 9.2
      Spanish 2,184 2.0 3,123 1.7 1,600,975 13.3
        Speak English less than "very well" 443 0.4 698 0.4 680,733 5.6
      Other Indo-European languages 2,395 2.2 3,089 1.7 668,847 5.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 350 0.3 488 0.3 241,577 2.0
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 1,601 1.5 2,077 1.1 347,357 2.9
        Speak English less than "very well" 533 0.5 783 0.4 149,231 1.2
      Other languages 721 0.7 846 0.5 123,135 1.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 201 0.2 259 0.1 38,333 0.3
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 117,061 100.0 199,016 100.0 12,873,761 100.0
      American 7,517 6.4 14,626 7.3 640,634 5.0
      Arab 630 0.5 775 0.4 93,344 0.7
      Czech 361 0.3 598 0.3 110,712 0.9
      Danish 293 0.3 676 0.3 48,941 0.4
      Dutch 1,474 1.3 2,739 1.4 170,213 1.3
      English 11,050 9.4 21,460 10.8 743,676 5.8
      French (except Basque) 2,482 2.1 4,666 2.3 236,273 1.8
      French Canadian 257 0.2 335 0.2 33,815 0.3
      German 27,160 23.2 50,500 25.4 2,415,885 18.8
      Greek 234 0.2 490 0.2 98,509 0.8
      Hungarian 609 0.5 1,019 0.5 51,677 0.4
      Irish 16,504 14.1 29,244 14.7 1,513,351 11.8
      Italian 5,899 5.0 11,021 5.5 784,466 6.1
      Lithuanian 956 0.8 1,434 0.7 83,498 0.6
      Norwegian 1,064 0.9 1,766 0.9 157,871 1.2
      Polish 2,472 2.1 3,981 2.0 912,300 7.1
      Portuguese 330 0.3 661 0.3 10,393 0.1
      Russian 434 0.4 623 0.3 121,478 0.9
      Scotch-Irish 1,681 1.4 2,747 1.4 72,775 0.6
      Scottish 1,757 1.5 3,422 1.7 150,808 1.2
      Slovak 441 0.4 592 0.3 35,642 0.3
      Subsaharan African 965 0.8 1,061 0.5 90,996 0.7
      Swedish 1,141 1.0 2,167 1.1 270,459 2.1
      Swiss 228 0.2 480 0.2 35,100 0.3
      Ukrainian 141 0.1 200 0.1 52,769 0.4
      Welsh 883 0.8 1,570 0.8 48,635 0.4
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 237 0.2 362 0.2 32,537 0.3
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Springfield, ILSangamon County Illinois
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 93,889 100.0 158,098 100.0 10,201,787 100.0
      In labor force 60,743 64.7 104,698 66.2 6,712,162 65.8
        Civilian labor force 60,500 64.4 104,365 66.0 6,694,742 65.6
         Employed 55,211 58.8 96,155 60.8 6,086,226 59.7
         Unemployed 5,289 5.6 8,210 5.2 608,516 6.0
        Armed Forces 243 0.3 333 0.2 17,420 0.2
      Not in labor force 33,146 35.3 53,400 33.8 3,489,625 34.2
             
    Civilian labor force 60,500 64.4 104,365 66.0 6,694,742 65.6
      Unemployment Rate 8.7 ... 7.9 ... 9.1  
             
    Females 16 years and over 49,964 53.2 83,337 52.7 5,248,245 51.4
      In labor force 30,574 32.6 51,838 32.8 3,190,169 31.3
        Civilian labor force 30,515 32.5 51,775 32.7 3,187,237 31.2
         Employed 28,197 30.0 48,372 30.6 2,907,691 28.5
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 8,439 9.0 13,994 8.9 935,386 9.2
      All parents in family in labor force 6,890 7.3 10,944 6.9 627,282 6.1
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 16,131 17.2 29,660 18.8 1,963,243 19.2
      All parents in family in labor force 12,831 13.7 24,090 15.2 1,414,733 13.9
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 54,825 100.0 95,261 100.0 5,983,836 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 44,082 80.4 78,369 82.3 4,393,725 73.4
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 4,955 9.0 8,348 8.8 508,045 8.5
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 1,310 2.4 1,521 1.6 544,295 9.1
      Walked 1,726 3.1 2,234 2.3 185,070 3.1
      Other means 824 1.5 1,361 1.4 99,779 1.7
      Worked at home 1,928 3.5 3,428 3.6 252,922 4.2
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 17 ... 19 ... 28  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 55,211 100.0 96,155 100.0 6,086,226 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 23,295 42.2 39,615 41.2 2,241,849 36.8
      Service occupations 10,870 19.7 17,427 18.1 1,057,682 17.4
      Sales and office occupations 13,540 24.5 24,144 25.1 1,493,597 24.5
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 2,870 5.2 6,717 7.0 444,435 7.3
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 4,636 8.4 8,252 8.6 848,663 13.9
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 55,211 100.0 96,155 100.0 6,086,226 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 245 0.4 1,304 1.4 64,380 1.1
      Construction 1,902 3.4 4,254 4.4 313,232 5.1
      Manufacturing 2,402 4.4 4,679 4.9 765,301 12.6
      Wholesale trade 1,235 2.2 2,213 2.3 184,522 3.0
      Retail trade 5,806 10.5 10,352 10.8 668,523 11.0
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 2,100 3.8 3,997 4.2 358,122 5.9
      Information 964 1.7 1,725 1.8 123,286 2.0
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 4,111 7.4 7,779 8.1 446,219 7.3
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 5,087 9.2 8,334 8.7 695,791 11.4
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 15,838 28.7 25,288 26.3 1,396,976 23.0
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 5,054 9.2 8,044 8.4 551,219 9.1
      Other services, except public administration 2,525 4.6 4,760 5.0 288,602 4.7
      Public administration 7,942 14.4 13,426 14.0 230,053 3.8
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 55,211 100.0 96,155 100.0 6,086,226 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 39,135 70.9 68,231 71.0 5,036,248 82.7
      Government workers 13,967 25.3 23,290 24.2 756,715 12.4
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 1,990 3.6 4,470 4.6 284,810 4.7
      Unpaid family workers 119 0.2 164 0.2 8,453 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 50,575 100.0 82,885 100.0 4,786,388 100.0
      Less than $10,000 4,547 9.0 5,876 7.1 343,101 7.2
      $10,000 to $14,999 3,047 6.0 4,065 4.9 217,426 4.5
      $15,000 to $24,999 6,025 11.9 8,656 10.4 477,279 10.0
      $25,000 to $34,999 5,166 10.2 7,813 9.4 449,729 9.4
      $35,000 to $49,999 6,557 13.0 10,759 13.0 610,069 12.7
      $50,000 to $74,999 9,075 17.9 15,416 18.6 851,656 17.8
      $75,000 to $99,999 5,800 11.5 10,683 12.9 609,496 12.7
      $100,000 to $149,999 6,117 12.1 11,992 14.5 676,505 14.1
      $150,000 to $199,999 2,175 4.3 4,279 5.2 272,382 5.7
      $200,000 or more 2,066 4.1 3,346 4.0 278,745 5.8
      Median household income (dollars) 49,868 ... 56,167 ... 57,574  
      Mean household income (dollars) 68,289 ... 73,299 ... 79,556  
             
      With earnings 37,863 74.9 63,664 76.8 3,773,574 78.8
        Mean earnings (dollars) 68,332 ... 72,260 ... 82,031  
      With Social Security 14,908 29.5 24,646 29.7 1,315,106 27.5
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 16,555 ... 17,088 ... 17,957  
      With retirement income 11,976 23.7 20,180 24.3 812,745 17.0
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 30,192 ... 30,574 ... 26,537  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 2,752 5.4 3,819 4.6 219,895 4.6
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 9,181 ... 9,274 ... 9,722  
      With cash public assistance income 1,473 2.9 1,992 2.4 119,651 2.5
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 3,183 ... 3,243 ... 3,379  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 8,095 16.0 10,835 13.1 625,061 13.1
             
    Families 28,120 100.0 50,928 100.0 3,124,683 100.0
      Less than $10,000 1,799 6.4 2,482 4.9 137,468 4.4
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,008 3.6 1,410 2.8 83,523 2.7
      $15,000 to $24,999 2,665 9.5 3,818 7.5 219,861 7.0
      $25,000 to $34,999 2,037 7.2 3,328 6.5 247,041 7.9
      $35,000 to $49,999 2,991 10.6 5,508 10.8 372,279 11.9
      $50,000 to $74,999 5,104 18.2 9,667 19.0 572,734 18.3
      $75,000 to $99,999 3,759 13.4 7,804 15.3 460,502 14.7
      $100,000 to $149,999 5,045 17.9 10,118 19.9 554,220 17.7
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,917 6.8 3,794 7.4 234,835 7.5
      $200,000 or more 1,795 6.4 2,999 5.9 242,220 7.8
      Median family income (dollars) 67,168 ... 73,074 ... 71,546  
      Mean family income (dollars) 86,795 ... 89,638 ... 94,076  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 30,063 ... 31,024 ... 30,494  
             
    Nonfamily households 22,455 ... 31,957 ... 1,661,705  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 33,292 ... 35,128 ... 34,356  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 43,515 ... 45,354 ... 49,637  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 30,113 ... 32,088 ... 32,206  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 51,327 ... 52,357 ... 52,279  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 40,061 ... 40,832 ... 41,133  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 115,339 100.0 196,845 100.0 12,694,224 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 105,178 91.2 182,529 92.7 11,295,589 89.0
        With private health insurance 76,944 66.7 142,355 72.3 8,639,304 68.1
        With public coverage 44,427 38.5 68,339 34.7 3,989,360 31.4
      No health insurance coverage 10,161 8.8 14,316 7.3 1,398,635 11.0
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 25,857 100.0 45,912 100.0 3,019,658 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 669 ... 976 ... 102,794  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 72,532 100.0 122,285 100.0 8,000,501 100.0
      In labor force: 56,494 77.9 97,565 79.8 6,305,446 78.8
        Employed: 51,649 71.2 90,060 73.6 5,742,663 71.8
         With health insurance coverage 46,250 63.8 82,137 67.2 4,988,346 62.4
         With private health insurance 41,217 56.8 75,015 61.3 4,626,881 57.8
         With public coverage 6,635 9.1 9,570 7.8 464,783 5.8
         No health insurance coverage 5,399 7.4 7,923 6.5 754,317 9.4
        Unemployed: 4,845 6.7 7,505 6.1 562,783 7.0
         With health insurance coverage 3,206 4.4 5,218 4.3 354,587 4.4
         With private health insurance 1,368 1.9 2,628 2.1 210,606 2.6
         With public coverage 2,094 2.9 2,927 2.4 156,086 2.0
         No health insurance coverage 1,639 2.3 2,287 1.9 208,196 2.6
      Not in labor force: 16,038 22.1 24,720 20.2 1,695,055 21.2
        With health insurance coverage 13,657 18.8 21,697 17.7 1,380,347 17.3
         With private health insurance 8,313 11.5 14,708 12.0 912,686 11.4
         With public coverage 6,420 8.9 8,798 7.2 549,623 6.9
        No health insurance coverage 2,381 3.3 3,023 2.5 314,708 3.9
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 14.1 ... 10.8 ... 10.5  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 25.0 ... 19.2 ... 16.8  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 29.6 ... 23.8 ... 16.7  
    Married couple families 3.8 ... 3.3 ... 4.8  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 7.1 ... 5.7 ... 7.2  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 4.6 ... 3.4 ... 5.5  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 38.9 ... 34.9 ... 30.4  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 49.2 ... 44.4 ... 40.6  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 62.0 ... 57.7 ... 47.4  
             
    All people 19.5 ... 15.6 ... 14.3  
    Under 18 years 30.5 ... 24.2 ... 20.3  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 30.1 ... 23.6 ... 20.0  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 37.5 ... 29.8 ... 22.7  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 27.1 ... 21.4 ... 19.0  
    18 years and over 16.4 ... 13.0 ... 12.5  
    18 to 64 years 18.5 ... 14.6 ... 13.3  
    65 years and over 7.3 ... 6.1 ... 8.6  
    People in families 16.5 ... 12.7 ... 11.9  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 27.9 ... 25.5 ... 25.1  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Springfield, ILSangamon County Illinois
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 56,179 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
      Occupied housing units 50,575 90.0 2,986 85.2 2,986 85.2
      Vacant housing units 5,604 10.0 520 14.8 520 14.8
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 1.10 ... 1.70 ... 1.70  
      Rental vacancy rate 4.60 ... 4.10 ... 4.10  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 56,179 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1-unit, detached 35,332 62.9 2,327 66.4 2,327 66.4
    1-unit, attached 3,666 6.5 58 1.7 58 1.7
    2 units 2,059 3.7 62 1.8 62 1.8
    3 or 4 units 3,058 5.4 35 1.0 35 1.0
    5 to 9 units 3,012 5.4 64 1.8 64 1.8
    10 to 19 units 2,810 5.0 19 0.5 19 0.5
    20 or more units 3,814 6.8 78 2.2 78 2.2
    Mobile home 2,420 4.3 860 24.5 860 24.5
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 8 0.0 3 0.1 3 0.1
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 56,179 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 65 0.1 17 0.5 17 0.5
    Built 2010 to 2013 417 0.7 43 1.2 43 1.2
    Built 2000 to 2009 5,399 9.6 449 12.8 449 12.8
    Built 1990 to 1999 7,470 13.3 362 10.3 362 10.3
    Built 1980 to 1989 5,697 10.1 525 15.0 525 15.0
    Built 1970 to 1979 8,311 14.8 648 18.5 648 18.5
    Built 1960 to 1969 7,695 13.7 252 7.2 252 7.2
    Built 1950 to 1959 6,447 11.5 541 15.4 541 15.4
    Built 1940 to 1949 4,089 7.3 284 8.1 284 8.1
    Built 1939 or earlier 10,589 18.8 385 11.0 385 11.0
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 56,179 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1 room 905 1.6 118 3.4 118 3.4
    2 rooms 1,200 2.1 74 2.1 74 2.1
    3 rooms 4,365 7.8 246 7.0 246 7.0
    4 rooms 11,249 20.0 599 17.1 599 17.1
    5 rooms 12,685 22.6 762 21.7 762 21.7
    6 rooms 10,151 18.1 614 17.5 614 17.5
    7 rooms 5,337 9.5 489 13.9 489 13.9
    8 rooms 4,438 7.9 269 7.7 269 7.7
    9 rooms or more 5,849 10.4 335 9.6 335 9.6
    Median rooms 5 ... 5 ... 5  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 56,179 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    No bedroom 973 1.7 118 3.4 118 3.4
    1 bedroom 6,888 12.3 296 8.4 296 8.4
    2 bedrooms 18,763 33.4 892 25.4 892 25.4
    3 bedrooms 21,257 37.8 1,426 40.7 1,426 40.7
    4 bedrooms 6,861 12.2 717 20.5 717 20.5
    5 or more bedrooms 1,437 2.6 57 1.6 57 1.6
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 50,575 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Owner-occupied 31,382 62.1 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Renter-occupied 19,193 37.9 656 22.0 656 22.0
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 50,575 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 1,048 2.1 28 0.9 28 0.9
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 17,073 33.8 736 24.6 736 24.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 18,351 36.3 1,260 42.2 1,260 42.2
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 7,694 15.2 390 13.1 390 13.1
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 3,169 6.3 277 9.3 277 9.3
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 3,240 6.4 295 9.9 295 9.9
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 50,575 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      No vehicles available 5,011 9.9 215 7.2 215 7.2
      1 vehicle available 21,300 42.1 618 20.7 618 20.7
      2 vehicles available 17,962 35.5 952 31.9 952 31.9
      3 or more vehicles available 6,302 12.5 1,201 40.2 1,201 40.2
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 50,575 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Utility gas 35,719 70.6 1,208 40.5 1,208 40.5
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 415 0.8 817 27.4 817 27.4
      Electricity 14,014 27.7 679 22.7 679 22.7
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 34 0.1 11 0.4 11 0.4
      Coal or coke 14 0.0 68 2.3 68 2.3
      Wood 61 0.1 186 6.2 186 6.2
      Solar energy 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Other fuel 89 0.2 17 0.6 17 0.6
      No fuel used 229 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 50,575 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 119 0.2 60 2.0 60 2.0
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 343 0.7 68 2.3 68 2.3
      No telephone service available 1,222 2.4 59 2.0 59 2.0
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 50,575 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      1.00 or less 49,870 98.6 2,900 97.1 2,900 97.1
      1.01 to 1.50 560 1.1 34 1.1 34 1.1
      1.51 or more 145 0.3 52 1.7 52 1.7
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 31,382 62.1 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Less than $50,000 3,907 7.7 358 12.0 358 12.0
      $50,000 to $99,999 8,638 17.1 361 12.1 361 12.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 7,795 15.4 276 9.2 276 9.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 4,552 9.0 383 12.8 383 12.8
      $200,000 to $299,999 4,063 8.0 622 20.8 622 20.8
      $300,000 to $499,999 1,810 3.6 233 7.8 233 7.8
      $500,000 to $999,999 541 1.1 90 3.0 90 3.0
      $1,000,000 or more 76 0.2 7 0.2 7 0.2
      Median (dollars) 120,400 ... 178,200 ... 178,200  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 31,382 100.0 2,330 100.0 2,330 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 19,598 62.4 1,012 43.4 1,012 43.4
      Housing units without a mortgage 11,784 37.6 1,318 56.6 1,318 56.6
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 19,598 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than $500 547 2.8 52 5.1 52 5.1
      $500 to $999 7,082 36.1 255 25.2 255 25.2
      $1,000 to $1,499 6,519 33.3 432 42.7 432 42.7
      $1,500 to $1,999 2,895 14.8 221 21.8 221 21.8
      $2,000 to $2,499 1,287 6.6 36 3.6 36 3.6
      $2,500 to $2,999 506 2.6 8 0.8 8 0.8
      $3,000 or more 762 3.9 8 0.8 8 0.8
      Median (dollars) 1,146 ... 1,303 ... 1,303  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 11,784 100.0 1,318 100.0 1,318 100.0
      Less than $250 1,122 9.5 255 19.3 255 19.3
      $250 to $399 2,889 24.5 462 35.1 462 35.1
      $400 to $599 4,307 36.5 471 35.7 471 35.7
      $600 to $799 1,797 15.2 93 7.1 93 7.1
      $800 to $999 970 8.2 37 2.8 37 2.8
      $1,000 or more 699 5.9 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 474 ... 380 ... 380  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 19,486 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 10,567 54.2 480 47.4 480 47.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 3,356 17.2 167 16.5 167 16.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,694 8.7 108 10.7 108 10.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 975 5.0 55 5.4 55 5.4
      35.0 percent or more 2,894 14.9 202 20.0 202 20.0
             
      Not computed 112 0.6 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 11,670 100.0 1,298 100.0 1,298 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 5,444 46.6 774 59.6 774 59.6
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 2,338 20.0 202 15.6 202 15.6
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 1,140 9.8 73 5.6 73 5.6
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 735 6.3 39 3.0 39 3.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 477 4.1 58 4.5 58 4.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 481 4.1 64 4.9 64 4.9
      35.0 percent or more 1,055 9.0 88 6.8 88 6.8
             
      Not computed 114 1.0 20 1.5 20 1.5
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 18,325 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than $500 3,137 17.1 124 22.4 124 22.4
      $500 to $999 12,021 65.6 282 50.9 282 50.9
      $1,000 to $1,499 2,618 14.3 91 16.4 91 16.4
      $1,500 to $1,999 371 2.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $2,000 to $2,499 143 0.8 57 10.3 57 10.3
      $2,500 to $2,999 35 0.2 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $3,000 or more 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 732 ... 740 ... 740  
             
      No rent paid 868 4.7 102 18.4 102 18.4
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 17,895 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 2,509 14.0 200 36.1 200 36.1
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 2,441 13.6 84 15.2 84 15.2
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,982 11.1 55 9.9 55 9.9
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,751 9.8 37 6.7 37 6.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 1,371 7.7 10 1.8 10 1.8
      35.0 percent or more 7,841 43.8 168 30.3 168 30.3
             
      Housing Units 1,298 7.3 102 18.4 102 18.4
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
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