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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Topeka, KS [2071000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Topeka is located in Shawnee County (20177). The population of Topeka changed from 127,917 in 2010 to 126,808 in 2016; a change of -1,109 (-0.9%). The county population changed from 178,351 to 178,146, a change of -205 (-0.1%) during the same period.

Topeka is located in the Topeka, KS MSA (CBSA 45820). The CBSA population changed from 234,280 to 233,068 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of -1,212 (-0.5%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 194th based on 2016 population, 754th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 605th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 127,672. The population of one race include 78.6% White alone, 10.3% Black alone, 1.0% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 1.3% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 13.8% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 59,596 total housing units, 52,711 were occupied housing units (households) or 88.4% of total units. Of the 29,713 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $96,500. Of the 29,713 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $721. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 29,792 family households, 14.1% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 19.2% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $42,250 with median family income of $56,437. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 32,383 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 14,482 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 84,405 population 25 years and over, 88.6% were high school graduates and 27.4% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Topeka, KSShawnee County Kansas
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 127,917   178,351   2,858,850  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 128,208 0.23 178,908 0.31 2,869,503 0.37
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 128,107 -0.08 178,980 0.04 2,885,262 0.55
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 127,739 -0.29 178,661 -0.18 2,892,821 0.26
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 127,448 -0.23 178,509 -0.09 2,899,360 0.23
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 127,293 -0.12 178,541 0.02 2,906,721 0.25
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 126,808 -0.38 178,146 -0.22 2,907,289 0.02
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Topeka, KSShawnee County Kansas
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 127,672 100.0 178,792 100.0 2,892,987 100.0
      Male 61,316 48.0 86,783 48.5 1,439,862 49.8
      Female 66,356 52.0 92,009 51.5 1,453,125 50.2
             
      Under 5 years 9,576 7.5 12,082 6.8 200,720 6.9
      5 to 9 years 7,865 6.2 11,514 6.4 202,503 7.0
      10 to 14 years 8,336 6.5 12,895 7.2 201,467 7.0
      15 to 19 years 8,312 6.5 11,532 6.4 202,699 7.0
      20 to 24 years 9,178 7.2 11,100 6.2 215,900 7.5
      25 to 34 years 18,461 14.5 23,125 12.9 385,319 13.3
      35 to 44 years 14,695 11.5 20,672 11.6 345,802 12.0
      45 to 54 years 15,916 12.5 23,770 13.3 377,705 13.1
      55 to 59 years 8,390 6.6 12,816 7.2 192,013 6.6
      60 to 64 years 7,663 6.0 11,491 6.4 164,564 5.7
      65 to 74 years 9,990 7.8 15,005 8.4 216,059 7.5
      75 to 84 years 6,127 4.8 8,687 4.9 127,281 4.4
      85 years and over 3,163 2.5 4,103 2.3 60,955 2.1
             
      Median age (years) 36.5 ... 38.8 ... 36.0  
             
      18 years and over 96,940 75.9 135,090 75.6 2,169,470 75.0
      21 years and over 91,762 71.9 128,558 71.9 2,040,821 70.5
      62 years and over 23,645 18.5 34,200 19.1 499,241 17.3
      65 years and over 19,280 15.1 27,795 15.5 404,295 14.0
             
      18 years and over 96,940 75.9 135,090 75.6 2,169,470 75.0
        Male 45,664 35.8 64,464 36.1 1,070,080 37.0
        Female 51,276 40.2 70,626 39.5 1,099,390 38.0
             
      65 years and over 19,280 15.1 27,795 15.5 404,295 14.0
        Male 7,945 6.2 12,087 6.8 177,229 6.1
        Female 11,335 8.9 15,708 8.8 227,066 7.8
             
 RACE            
    Total population 127,672 100.0 178,792 100.0 2,892,987 100.0
      One race 119,660 93.7 169,183 94.6 2,797,622 96.7
      Two or more races 8,012 6.3 9,609 5.4 95,365 3.3
             
    One race 119,660 93.7 169,183 94.6 2,797,622 96.7
      White 100,373 78.6 148,032 82.8 2,464,566 85.2
      Black or African American 13,210 10.3 14,078 7.9 168,402 5.8
      American Indian and Alaska Native 1,233 1.0 1,496 0.8 24,022 0.8
        Cherokee tribal grouping 76 0.1 106 0.1 5,305 0.2
        Chippewa tribal grouping 41 0.0 50 0.0 299 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 70 0.1 70 0.0 1,365 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 52 0.0 57 0.0 1,057 0.0
      Asian 1,712 1.3 2,032 1.1 75,653 2.6
        Asian Indian 557 0.4 592 0.3 14,992 0.5
        Chinese 338 0.3 379 0.2 13,597 0.5
        Filipino 386 0.3 515 0.3 5,709 0.2
        Japanese 63 0.0 63 0.0 2,131 0.1
        Korean 123 0.1 161 0.1 4,727 0.2
        Vietnamese 66 0.1 139 0.1 16,467 0.6
        Other Asian 179 0.1 183 0.1 18,030 0.6
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 54 0.0 105 0.1 1,796 0.1
        Native Hawaiian 0 0.0 0 0.0 393 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro 14 0.0 49 0.0 481 0.0
        Samoan 40 0.0 56 0.0 367 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 0 0.0 0 0.0 555 0.0
      Some other race 3,078 2.4 3,440 1.9 63,183 2.2
    Two or more races 8,012 6.3 9,609 5.4 95,365 3.3
      White and Black or African American 3,064 2.4 3,488 2.0 30,772 1.1
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 1,828 1.4 2,401 1.3 28,814 1.0
      White and Asian 726 0.6 936 0.5 12,377 0.4
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 481 0.4 492 0.3 3,251 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 127,672 100.0 178,792 100.0 2,892,987 100.0
      White 107,372 84.1 156,580 87.6 2,551,542 88.2
      Black or African American 17,639 13.8 19,238 10.8 209,987 7.3
      American Indian and Alaska Native 4,040 3.2 5,149 2.9 61,363 2.1
      Asian 2,916 2.3 3,454 1.9 93,239 3.2
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 338 0.3 401 0.2 5,063 0.2
      Some other race 4,046 3.2 4,533 2.5 74,298 2.6
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 127,672 100.0 178,792 100.0 2,892,987 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 17,593 13.8 20,577 11.5 323,218 11.2
        Mexican 15,167 11.9 17,707 9.9 271,112 9.4
        Puerto Rican 805 0.6 1,008 0.6 10,502 0.4
        Cuban 75 0.1 155 0.1 3,712 0.1
        Other Hispanic or Latino 1,546 1.2 1,707 1.0 37,892 1.3
      Not Hispanic or Latino 110,079 86.2 158,215 88.5 2,569,769 88.8
        White alone 88,386 69.2 133,760 74.8 2,228,789 77.0
        Black or African American alone 12,338 9.7 13,206 7.4 164,058 5.7
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 973 0.8 1,229 0.7 20,209 0.7
        Asian alone 1,638 1.3 1,958 1.1 75,045 2.6
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 14 0.0 65 0.0 1,627 0.1
        Some other race alone 241 0.2 260 0.1 1,928 0.1
        Two or more races 6,489 5.1 7,737 4.3 78,113 2.7
         Two races including Some other race 108 0.1 116 0.1 1,271 0.0
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 6,381 5.0 7,621 4.3 76,842 2.7
             
    Total housing units 59,596 ... 79,425 ... 1,244,372  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 92,475 72.4 130,252 72.9 2,053,919 71.0
      Male 43,343 33.9 61,972 34.7 1,008,881 34.9
      Female 49,132 38.5 68,280 38.2 1,045,038 36.1
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Topeka, KSShawnee County Kansas
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 52,711 100.0 71,368 100.0 1,113,472 100.0
      Family households (families) 29,792 56.5 44,654 62.6 729,468 65.5
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 13,634 25.9 19,439 27.2 333,115 29.9
      Married-couple family 20,744 39.4 33,291 46.6 566,559 50.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 8,146 15.5 12,714 17.8 235,320 21.1
      Male householder, no wife present, family 2,435 4.6 3,298 4.6 48,857 4.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 1,426 2.7 1,806 2.5 27,028 2.4
      Female householder, no husband present, family 6,613 12.5 8,065 11.3 114,052 10.2
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 4,062 7.7 4,919 6.9 70,767 6.4
      Nonfamily households 22,919 43.5 26,714 37.4 384,004 34.5
        Householder living alone 19,096 36.2 22,214 31.1 319,955 28.7
         65 years and over 6,659 12.6 8,147 11.4 117,042 10.5
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 15,361 29.1 21,714 30.4 363,415 32.6
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 13,644 25.9 19,246 27.0 280,462 25.2
             
      Average household size 2.34 ... 2.44 ... 2.53  
      Average family size 3.09 ... 3.07 ... 3.12  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 123,413 100.0 174,158 100.0 2,813,882 100.0
      Householder 52,711 42.7 71,368 41.0 1,113,472 39.6
      Spouse 20,791 16.8 33,240 19.1 566,166 20.1
      Child 34,723 28.1 50,605 29.1 848,029 30.1
      Other relatives 6,641 5.4 8,713 5.0 132,874 4.7
      Nonrelatives 8,547 6.9 10,232 5.9 153,341 5.4
        Unmarried partner 3,593 2.9 4,421 2.5 60,466 2.1
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 48,174 100.0 68,145 100.0 1,130,950 100.0
      Never married 17,710 36.8 22,273 32.7 364,056 32.2
      Now married, except separated 21,860 45.4 34,683 50.9 605,888 53.6
      Separated 607 1.3 746 1.1 13,592 1.2
      Widowed 1,165 2.4 1,691 2.5 30,032 2.7
      Divorced 6,832 14.2 8,752 12.8 117,382 10.4
             
    Females 15 years and over 53,721 100.0 74,156 100.0 1,157,347 100.0
      Never married 15,077 28.1 18,845 25.4 295,515 25.5
      Now married, except separated 22,868 42.6 35,698 48.1 592,415 51.2
      Separated 1,143 2.1 1,299 1.8 18,199 1.6
      Widowed 5,444 10.1 7,072 9.5 105,581 9.1
      Divorced 9,189 17.1 11,242 15.2 145,637 12.6
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 1,826 100.0 2,346 100.0 41,356 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 649 35.5 840 35.8 12,865 31.1
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 37 2.0 38 1.6 38 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 61 3.3 59 2.5 62 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 15 0.8 18 0.8 23 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 113 6.2 116 4.9 111 0.3
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 15 0.8 13 0.6 25 0.1
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 2,017 100.0 2,849 100.0 47,781 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 892 44.2 1,210 42.5 21,754 45.5
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 129 6.4 176 6.2 5,211 10.9
        1 or 2 years 267 13.2 299 10.5 5,146 10.8
        3 or 4 years 55 2.7 126 4.4 3,466 7.3
        5 or more years 441 21.9 609 21.4 7,931 16.6
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 892 100.0 1,210 100.0 21,754 100.0
      Who are female 611 68.5 779 64.4 13,125 60.3
      Who are married 540 60.5 776 64.1 15,871 73.0
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 32,383 100.0 46,685 100.0 795,462 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 2,188 6.8 3,135 6.7 51,191 6.4
      Kindergarten 1,645 5.1 2,387 5.1 42,191 5.3
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 12,837 39.6 19,354 41.5 318,751 40.1
      High school (grades 9-12) 6,494 20.1 9,663 20.7 161,109 20.3
      College or graduate school 9,219 28.5 12,146 26.0 222,220 27.9
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 84,405 100.0 119,669 100.0 1,869,698 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 3,419 4.1 3,794 3.2 72,669 3.9
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 6,189 7.3 7,242 6.1 110,237 5.9
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 26,298 31.2 37,171 31.1 505,583 27.0
      Some college, no degree 19,743 23.4 28,630 23.9 452,272 24.2
      Associate's degree 5,617 6.7 8,182 6.8 148,723 8.0
      Bachelor's degree 14,468 17.1 22,437 18.7 374,220 20.0
      Graduate or professional degree 8,671 10.3 12,213 10.2 205,994 11.0
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 88.60 ... 90.80 ... 90.20  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 27.40 ... 29.00 ... 31.00  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 96,846 100.0 134,894 100.0 2,152,041 100.0
      Civilian veterans 10,457 10.8 15,526 11.5 198,396 9.2
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 124,767 100.0 175,531 100.0 2,833,872 100.0
      With a disability 20,176 16.2 25,612 14.6 350,945 12.4
             
    Under 18 years 30,514 24.5 43,433 24.7 722,134 25.5
      With a disability 1,222 1.0 1,758 1.0 30,396 1.1
             
    18 to 64 years 75,994 60.9 105,505 60.1 1,726,037 60.9
      With a disability 11,805 9.5 14,312 8.2 180,987 6.4
             
    65 years and over 18,259 14.6 26,593 15.2 385,701 13.6
      With a disability 7,149 5.7 9,542 5.4 139,562 4.9
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 125,999 100.0 176,697 100.0 2,855,099 100.0
      Same house 100,309 79.6 146,945 83.2 2,384,341 83.5
      Different house in the U.S. 25,288 20.1 29,183 16.5 454,271 15.9
        Same county 17,927 14.2 21,045 11.9 268,648 9.4
        Different county 7,361 5.8 8,138 4.6 185,623 6.5
         Same state 4,159 3.3 4,557 2.6 97,190 3.4
         Different state 3,202 2.5 3,581 2.0 88,433 3.1
      Abroad 402 0.3 569 0.3 16,487 0.6
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 127,672 100.0 178,792 100.0 2,892,987 100.0
      Native 120,434 94.3 170,666 95.5 2,692,705 93.1
        Born in United States 119,282 93.4 169,325 94.7 2,668,214 92.2
         State of residence 82,872 64.9 121,207 67.8 1,705,963 59.0
         Different state 36,410 28.5 48,118 26.9 962,251 33.3
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 1,152 0.9 1,341 0.8 24,491 0.8
      Foreign born 7,238 5.7 8,126 4.5 200,282 6.9
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 7,238 100.0 8,126 100.0 200,282 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 2,388 33.0 2,901 35.7 71,844 35.9
      Not a U.S. citizen 4,850 67.0 5,225 64.3 128,438 64.1
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 8,390 100.0 9,467 100.0 224,773 100.0
             
      Native 1,152 13.7 1,341 14.2 24,491 10.9
        Entered 2010 or later 165 2.0 185 2.0 2,013 0.9
        Entered before 2010 987 11.8 1,156 12.2 22,478 10.0
             
      Foreign born 7,238 86.3 8,126 85.8 200,282 89.1
        Entered 2010 or later 707 8.4 806 8.5 26,099 11.6
        Entered before 2010 6,531 77.8 7,320 77.3 174,183 77.5
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 7,238 100.0 8,126 100.0 200,273 100.0
      Europe 551 7.6 621 7.6 14,853 7.4
      Asia 1,670 23.1 1,980 24.4 60,780 30.3
      Africa 175 2.4 238 2.9 11,572 5.8
      Oceania 28 0.4 44 0.5 889 0.4
      Latin America 4,734 65.4 5,092 62.7 109,378 54.6
      Northern America 80 1.1 151 1.9 2,801 1.4
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 118,096 100.0 166,710 100.0 2,692,267 100.0
      English only 105,853 89.6 153,059 91.8 2,387,898 88.7
      Language other than English 12,243 10.4 13,651 8.2 304,369 11.3
        Speak English less than "very well" 4,732 4.0 5,211 3.1 120,838 4.5
      Spanish 9,466 8.0 10,246 6.1 201,948 7.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 4,103 3.5 4,409 2.6 82,946 3.1
      Other Indo-European languages 1,434 1.2 1,787 1.1 37,416 1.4
        Speak English less than "very well" 190 0.2 240 0.1 8,146 0.3
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 1,065 0.9 1,310 0.8 49,861 1.9
        Speak English less than "very well" 382 0.3 498 0.3 25,062 0.9
      Other languages 278 0.2 308 0.2 15,144 0.6
        Speak English less than "very well" 57 0.0 64 0.0 4,684 0.2
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 127,672 100.0 178,792 100.0 2,892,987 100.0
      American 6,667 5.2 11,382 6.4 229,128 7.9
      Arab 310 0.2 372 0.2 9,805 0.3
      Czech 969 0.8 1,548 0.9 23,345 0.8
      Danish 459 0.4 731 0.4 14,366 0.5
      Dutch 2,091 1.6 2,893 1.6 56,177 1.9
      English 12,867 10.1 18,582 10.4 278,640 9.6
      French (except Basque) 3,572 2.8 5,128 2.9 78,726 2.7
      French Canadian 264 0.2 408 0.2 9,106 0.3
      German 32,514 25.5 50,207 28.1 801,493 27.7
      Greek 96 0.1 282 0.2 5,315 0.2
      Hungarian 216 0.2 326 0.2 4,897 0.2
      Irish 16,235 12.7 23,445 13.1 355,330 12.3
      Italian 3,352 2.6 4,398 2.5 68,852 2.4
      Lithuanian 231 0.2 330 0.2 2,276 0.1
      Norwegian 1,184 0.9 1,839 1.0 31,411 1.1
      Polish 1,247 1.0 2,000 1.1 41,082 1.4
      Portuguese 87 0.1 156 0.1 3,013 0.1
      Russian 766 0.6 1,243 0.7 19,679 0.7
      Scotch-Irish 1,276 1.0 2,075 1.2 33,266 1.1
      Scottish 2,495 2.0 3,641 2.0 55,461 1.9
      Slovak 95 0.1 98 0.1 1,478 0.1
      Subsaharan African 913 0.7 967 0.5 24,432 0.8
      Swedish 3,586 2.8 5,271 2.9 66,515 2.3
      Swiss 622 0.5 965 0.5 14,664 0.5
      Ukrainian 50 0.0 64 0.0 3,062 0.1
      Welsh 1,256 1.0 1,737 1.0 21,907 0.8
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 195 0.2 220 0.1 2,887 0.1
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Topeka, KSShawnee County Kansas
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 100,201 100.0 139,769 100.0 2,247,842 100.0
      In labor force 63,890 63.8 90,519 64.8 1,507,080 67.0
        Civilian labor force 63,796 63.7 90,323 64.6 1,489,651 66.3
         Employed 58,821 58.7 84,199 60.2 1,401,197 62.3
         Unemployed 4,975 5.0 6,124 4.4 88,454 3.9
        Armed Forces 94 0.1 196 0.1 17,429 0.8
      Not in labor force 36,311 36.2 49,250 35.2 740,762 33.0
             
    Civilian labor force 63,796 63.7 90,323 64.6 1,489,651 66.3
      Unemployment Rate 7.8 ... 6.8 ... 5.9  
             
    Females 16 years and over 52,786 52.7 72,847 52.1 1,137,752 50.6
      In labor force 31,741 31.7 44,819 32.1 702,767 31.3
        Civilian labor force 31,702 31.6 44,738 32.0 701,188 31.2
         Employed 29,656 29.6 42,268 30.2 660,786 29.4
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 10,765 10.7 13,781 9.9 235,069 10.5
      All parents in family in labor force 7,707 7.7 9,668 6.9 156,189 6.9
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 17,976 17.9 27,530 19.7 456,443 20.3
      All parents in family in labor force 14,110 14.1 21,848 15.6 340,442 15.1
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 57,932 100.0 83,032 100.0 1,393,853 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 47,133 81.4 69,026 83.1 1,145,739 82.2
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 6,748 11.6 8,599 10.4 132,814 9.5
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 590 1.0 610 0.7 6,757 0.5
      Walked 1,110 1.9 1,316 1.6 32,837 2.4
      Other means 913 1.6 1,042 1.3 18,377 1.3
      Worked at home 1,438 2.5 2,439 2.9 57,329 4.1
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 16 ... 18 ... 19  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 58,821 100.0 84,199 100.0 1,401,197 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 19,807 33.7 30,346 36.0 515,070 36.8
      Service occupations 12,762 21.7 16,393 19.5 234,511 16.7
      Sales and office occupations 14,500 24.7 20,860 24.8 321,905 23.0
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 4,622 7.9 6,857 8.1 139,022 9.9
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 7,130 12.1 9,743 11.6 190,689 13.6
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 58,821 100.0 84,199 100.0 1,401,197 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 296 0.5 531 0.6 49,432 3.5
      Construction 3,038 5.2 4,728 5.6 88,203 6.3
      Manufacturing 4,560 7.8 6,805 8.1 176,444 12.6
      Wholesale trade 1,001 1.7 1,613 1.9 39,010 2.8
      Retail trade 6,866 11.7 9,475 11.3 155,335 11.1
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 2,480 4.2 4,051 4.8 66,266 4.7
      Information 1,038 1.8 1,596 1.9 30,584 2.2
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 4,455 7.6 6,707 8.0 84,958 6.1
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 5,306 9.0 7,323 8.7 125,338 8.9
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 15,917 27.1 22,656 26.9 345,985 24.7
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 5,986 10.2 7,430 8.8 111,387 7.9
      Other services, except public administration 2,674 4.5 3,671 4.4 63,899 4.6
      Public administration 5,204 8.8 7,613 9.0 64,356 4.6
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 58,821 100.0 84,199 100.0 1,401,197 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 44,859 76.3 63,422 75.3 1,090,769 77.8
      Government workers 11,405 19.4 16,877 20.0 222,381 15.9
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 2,538 4.3 3,843 4.6 85,470 6.1
      Unpaid family workers 19 0.0 57 0.1 2,577 0.2
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 52,711 100.0 71,368 100.0 1,113,472 100.0
      Less than $10,000 4,498 8.5 4,876 6.8 71,873 6.5
      $10,000 to $14,999 3,505 6.6 3,785 5.3 55,880 5.0
      $15,000 to $24,999 6,823 12.9 7,861 11.0 117,680 10.6
      $25,000 to $34,999 6,963 13.2 8,247 11.6 121,629 10.9
      $35,000 to $49,999 8,382 15.9 10,637 14.9 163,607 14.7
      $50,000 to $74,999 9,704 18.4 13,772 19.3 215,001 19.3
      $75,000 to $99,999 5,867 11.1 9,061 12.7 140,436 12.6
      $100,000 to $149,999 4,844 9.2 8,916 12.5 141,456 12.7
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,083 2.1 2,453 3.4 44,863 4.0
      $200,000 or more 1,042 2.0 1,760 2.5 41,047 3.7
      Median household income (dollars) 42,250 ... 50,378 ... 52,205  
      Mean household income (dollars) 57,325 ... 65,618 ... 70,093  
             
      With earnings 39,072 74.1 54,000 75.7 890,951 80.0
        Mean earnings (dollars) 58,246 ... 66,507 ... 70,206  
      With Social Security 16,908 32.1 23,397 32.8 321,151 28.8
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 17,366 ... 18,379 ... 18,348  
      With retirement income 10,640 20.2 15,580 21.8 182,583 16.4
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 17,935 ... 19,637 ... 20,117  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 2,994 5.7 3,724 5.2 46,332 4.2
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 8,840 ... 8,973 ... 8,948  
      With cash public assistance income 1,573 3.0 1,894 2.7 22,201 2.0
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 4,271 ... 4,263 ... 3,247  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 7,762 14.7 8,684 12.2 105,563 9.5
             
    Families 29,792 100.0 44,654 100.0 729,468 100.0
      Less than $10,000 1,507 5.1 1,688 3.8 25,651 3.5
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,271 4.3 1,334 3.0 18,266 2.5
      $15,000 to $24,999 2,688 9.0 3,242 7.3 51,063 7.0
      $25,000 to $34,999 3,154 10.6 3,913 8.8 64,110 8.8
      $35,000 to $49,999 4,513 15.1 5,982 13.4 100,841 13.8
      $50,000 to $74,999 6,364 21.4 9,665 21.6 153,407 21.0
      $75,000 to $99,999 4,405 14.8 7,169 16.1 115,960 15.9
      $100,000 to $149,999 4,051 13.6 7,863 17.6 122,680 16.8
      $150,000 to $199,999 989 3.3 2,292 5.1 40,339 5.5
      $200,000 or more 850 2.9 1,506 3.4 37,151 5.1
      Median family income (dollars) 56,437 ... 64,869 ... 66,389  
      Mean family income (dollars) 70,763 ... 79,796 ... 84,265  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 24,228 ... 26,691 ... 27,706  
             
    Nonfamily households 22,919 ... 26,714 ... 384,004  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 28,402 ... 29,811 ... 30,220  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 37,791 ... 39,481 ... 40,750  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 26,862 ... 30,433 ... 30,177  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 41,540 ... 46,979 ... 46,622  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 34,026 ... 36,191 ... 35,830  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 124,767 100.0 175,531 100.0 2,833,872 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 107,810 86.4 156,030 88.9 2,515,753 88.8
        With private health insurance 83,060 66.6 125,927 71.7 2,080,953 73.4
        With public coverage 42,535 34.1 55,922 31.9 775,942 27.4
      No health insurance coverage 16,957 13.6 19,501 11.1 318,119 11.2
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 30,514 100.0 43,433 100.0 722,134 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 1,747 ... 2,029 ... 41,529  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 75,994 100.0 105,505 100.0 1,726,037 100.0
      In labor force: 59,477 78.3 83,919 79.5 1,381,894 80.1
        Employed: 54,964 72.3 78,426 74.3 1,301,339 75.4
         With health insurance coverage 45,452 59.8 67,545 64.0 1,128,017 65.4
         With private health insurance 43,273 56.9 65,110 61.7 1,095,044 63.4
         With public coverage 3,688 4.9 4,549 4.3 59,682 3.5
         No health insurance coverage 9,512 12.5 10,881 10.3 173,322 10.0
        Unemployed: 4,513 5.9 5,493 5.2 80,555 4.7
         With health insurance coverage 2,408 3.2 2,990 2.8 44,047 2.6
         With private health insurance 1,508 2.0 2,009 1.9 33,350 1.9
         With public coverage 1,106 1.5 1,222 1.2 12,733 0.7
         No health insurance coverage 2,105 2.8 2,503 2.4 36,508 2.1
      Not in labor force: 16,517 21.7 21,586 20.5 344,143 19.9
        With health insurance coverage 12,995 17.1 17,569 16.7 279,344 16.2
         With private health insurance 7,309 9.6 10,905 10.3 204,210 11.8
         With public coverage 7,243 9.5 8,728 8.3 100,496 5.8
        No health insurance coverage 3,522 4.6 4,017 3.8 64,799 3.8
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 14.1 ... 10.5 ... 9.1  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 22.9 ... 18.0 ... 15.0  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 23.9 ... 21.8 ... 16.5  
    Married couple families 6.5 ... 4.7 ... 4.3  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 9.7 ... 7.4 ... 6.7  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 6.2 ... 6.0 ... 6.0  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 34.6 ... 31.2 ... 30.3  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 44.1 ... 39.6 ... 39.0  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 54.9 ... 50.7 ... 46.5  
             
    All people 19.2 ... 15.2 ... 13.6  
    Under 18 years 26.5 ... 21.0 ... 18.1  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 26.1 ... 20.6 ... 17.7  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 29.8 ... 26.3 ... 21.5  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 24.3 ... 18.5 ... 16.2  
    18 years and over 16.9 ... 13.3 ... 12.0  
    18 to 64 years 19.0 ... 14.9 ... 13.1  
    65 years and over 8.3 ... 6.6 ... 7.4  
    People in families 15.9 ... 12.0 ... 10.4  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 29.0 ... 26.9 ... 27.0  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Topeka, KSShawnee County Kansas
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 59,596 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
      Occupied housing units 52,711 88.4 2,986 85.2 2,986 85.2
      Vacant housing units 6,885 11.6 520 14.8 520 14.8
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 2.50 ... 1.70 ... 1.70  
      Rental vacancy rate 11.60 ... 4.10 ... 4.10  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 59,596 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1-unit, detached 38,700 64.9 2,327 66.4 2,327 66.4
    1-unit, attached 2,779 4.7 58 1.7 58 1.7
    2 units 1,553 2.6 62 1.8 62 1.8
    3 or 4 units 2,329 3.9 35 1.0 35 1.0
    5 to 9 units 3,373 5.7 64 1.8 64 1.8
    10 to 19 units 3,245 5.4 19 0.5 19 0.5
    20 or more units 5,836 9.8 78 2.2 78 2.2
    Mobile home 1,772 3.0 860 24.5 860 24.5
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 9 0.0 3 0.1 3 0.1
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 59,596 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 26 0.0 17 0.5 17 0.5
    Built 2010 to 2013 329 0.6 43 1.2 43 1.2
    Built 2000 to 2009 4,743 8.0 449 12.8 449 12.8
    Built 1990 to 1999 5,330 8.9 362 10.3 362 10.3
    Built 1980 to 1989 6,054 10.2 525 15.0 525 15.0
    Built 1970 to 1979 8,774 14.7 648 18.5 648 18.5
    Built 1960 to 1969 10,042 16.9 252 7.2 252 7.2
    Built 1950 to 1959 9,431 15.8 541 15.4 541 15.4
    Built 1940 to 1949 4,108 6.9 284 8.1 284 8.1
    Built 1939 or earlier 10,759 18.1 385 11.0 385 11.0
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 59,596 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1 room 1,230 2.1 118 3.4 118 3.4
    2 rooms 1,883 3.2 74 2.1 74 2.1
    3 rooms 5,959 10.0 246 7.0 246 7.0
    4 rooms 10,754 18.0 599 17.1 599 17.1
    5 rooms 12,213 20.5 762 21.7 762 21.7
    6 rooms 10,504 17.6 614 17.5 614 17.5
    7 rooms 6,488 10.9 489 13.9 489 13.9
    8 rooms 4,710 7.9 269 7.7 269 7.7
    9 rooms or more 5,855 9.8 335 9.6 335 9.6
    Median rooms 5 ... 5 ... 5  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 59,596 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    No bedroom 1,425 2.4 118 3.4 118 3.4
    1 bedroom 9,029 15.2 296 8.4 296 8.4
    2 bedrooms 18,898 31.7 892 25.4 892 25.4
    3 bedrooms 21,962 36.9 1,426 40.7 1,426 40.7
    4 bedrooms 6,584 11.0 717 20.5 717 20.5
    5 or more bedrooms 1,698 2.8 57 1.6 57 1.6
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 52,711 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Owner-occupied 29,713 56.4 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Renter-occupied 22,998 43.6 656 22.0 656 22.0
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 52,711 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 921 1.7 28 0.9 28 0.9
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 19,036 36.1 736 24.6 736 24.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 18,608 35.3 1,260 42.2 1,260 42.2
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 6,987 13.3 390 13.1 390 13.1
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 3,343 6.3 277 9.3 277 9.3
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 3,816 7.2 295 9.9 295 9.9
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 52,711 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      No vehicles available 5,071 9.6 215 7.2 215 7.2
      1 vehicle available 21,359 40.5 618 20.7 618 20.7
      2 vehicles available 18,280 34.7 952 31.9 952 31.9
      3 or more vehicles available 8,001 15.2 1,201 40.2 1,201 40.2
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 52,711 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Utility gas 38,914 73.8 1,208 40.5 1,208 40.5
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 445 0.8 817 27.4 817 27.4
      Electricity 12,727 24.1 679 22.7 679 22.7
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 20 0.0 11 0.4 11 0.4
      Coal or coke 5 0.0 68 2.3 68 2.3
      Wood 356 0.7 186 6.2 186 6.2
      Solar energy 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Other fuel 80 0.2 17 0.6 17 0.6
      No fuel used 164 0.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 52,711 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 191 0.4 60 2.0 60 2.0
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 548 1.0 68 2.3 68 2.3
      No telephone service available 1,961 3.7 59 2.0 59 2.0
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 52,711 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      1.00 or less 51,470 97.6 2,900 97.1 2,900 97.1
      1.01 to 1.50 872 1.7 34 1.1 34 1.1
      1.51 or more 369 0.7 52 1.7 52 1.7
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 29,713 56.4 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Less than $50,000 4,639 8.8 358 12.0 358 12.0
      $50,000 to $99,999 10,952 20.8 361 12.1 361 12.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 6,788 12.9 276 9.2 276 9.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 3,675 7.0 383 12.8 383 12.8
      $200,000 to $299,999 2,584 4.9 622 20.8 622 20.8
      $300,000 to $499,999 819 1.6 233 7.8 233 7.8
      $500,000 to $999,999 209 0.4 90 3.0 90 3.0
      $1,000,000 or more 47 0.1 7 0.2 7 0.2
      Median (dollars) 96,500 ... 178,200 ... 178,200  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 29,713 100.0 2,330 100.0 2,330 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 18,457 62.1 1,012 43.4 1,012 43.4
      Housing units without a mortgage 11,256 37.9 1,318 56.6 1,318 56.6
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 18,457 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than $500 424 2.3 52 5.1 52 5.1
      $500 to $999 7,598 41.2 255 25.2 255 25.2
      $1,000 to $1,499 6,598 35.7 432 42.7 432 42.7
      $1,500 to $1,999 2,666 14.4 221 21.8 221 21.8
      $2,000 to $2,499 703 3.8 36 3.6 36 3.6
      $2,500 to $2,999 139 0.8 8 0.8 8 0.8
      $3,000 or more 329 1.8 8 0.8 8 0.8
      Median (dollars) 1,071 ... 1,303 ... 1,303  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 11,256 100.0 1,318 100.0 1,318 100.0
      Less than $250 1,081 9.6 255 19.3 255 19.3
      $250 to $399 3,519 31.3 462 35.1 462 35.1
      $400 to $599 4,499 40.0 471 35.7 471 35.7
      $600 to $799 1,473 13.1 93 7.1 93 7.1
      $800 to $999 466 4.1 37 2.8 37 2.8
      $1,000 or more 218 1.9 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 440 ... 380 ... 380  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 18,401 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 9,447 51.3 480 47.4 480 47.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,745 14.9 167 16.5 167 16.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,965 10.7 108 10.7 108 10.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 1,161 6.3 55 5.4 55 5.4
      35.0 percent or more 3,083 16.8 202 20.0 202 20.0
             
      Not computed 56 0.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 11,148 100.0 1,298 100.0 1,298 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 4,279 38.4 774 59.6 774 59.6
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 2,615 23.5 202 15.6 202 15.6
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 1,360 12.2 73 5.6 73 5.6
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 710 6.4 39 3.0 39 3.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 769 6.9 58 4.5 58 4.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 424 3.8 64 4.9 64 4.9
      35.0 percent or more 991 8.9 88 6.8 88 6.8
             
      Not computed 108 1.0 20 1.5 20 1.5
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 22,183 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than $500 4,300 19.4 124 22.4 124 22.4
      $500 to $999 13,761 62.0 282 50.9 282 50.9
      $1,000 to $1,499 3,050 13.7 91 16.4 91 16.4
      $1,500 to $1,999 660 3.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $2,000 to $2,499 302 1.4 57 10.3 57 10.3
      $2,500 to $2,999 8 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $3,000 or more 102 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 721 ... 740 ... 740  
             
      No rent paid 815 3.7 102 18.4 102 18.4
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 21,850 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 2,650 12.1 200 36.1 200 36.1
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 3,304 15.1 84 15.2 84 15.2
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,477 11.3 55 9.9 55 9.9
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 2,562 11.7 37 6.7 37 6.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 1,943 8.9 10 1.8 10 1.8
      35.0 percent or more 8,914 40.8 168 30.3 168 30.3
             
      Housing Units 1,148 5.3 102 18.4 102 18.4
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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