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Updated 07/17/17

 
 
Cumberland, MD [2421325]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Cumberland is located in Allegany County (24001). The population of Cumberland changed from 20,817 in 2010 to 19,978 in 2016; a change of -839 (-4.0%). The county population changed from 75,021 to 72,130, a change of -2,891 (-3.9%) during the same period.

Cumberland is located in the Cumberland, MD-WV MSA (CBSA 19060). The CBSA population changed from 103,245 to 99,541 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of -3,704 (-3.6%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 384th based on 2016 population, 890th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 851st based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 20,449. The population of one race include 88.7% White alone, 6.4% Black alone, 0.2% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 1.0% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 1.5% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 10,618 total housing units, 8,796 were occupied housing units (households) or 82.8% of total units. Of the 4,633 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $88,900. Of the 4,633 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $586. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 4,573 family households, 19.4% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 25.1% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $30,275 with median family income of $44,863. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 4,595 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 2,281 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 13,784 population 25 years and over, 87.6% were high school graduates and 17.8% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Cumberland, MDAllegany County Maryland
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 20,817   75,021   5,788,584  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 20,738 -0.38 74,586 -0.58 5,843,603 0.95
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 20,580 -0.76 73,975 -0.82 5,889,651 0.79
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 20,458 -0.59 73,618 -0.48 5,931,129 0.70
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 20,297 -0.79 73,045 -0.78 5,967,295 0.61
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 20,130 -0.82 72,531 -0.70 5,994,983 0.46
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 19,978 -0.76 72,130 -0.55 6,016,447 0.36
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Cumberland, MDAllegany County Maryland
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 20,449 100.0 73,549 100.0 5,930,538 100.0
      Male 9,955 48.7 38,300 52.1 2,872,643 48.4
      Female 10,494 51.3 35,249 47.9 3,057,895 51.6
             
      Under 5 years 1,214 5.9 3,417 4.6 367,722 6.2
      5 to 9 years 1,314 6.4 3,594 4.9 371,815 6.3
      10 to 14 years 1,238 6.1 3,636 4.9 377,167 6.4
      15 to 19 years 1,398 6.8 5,345 7.3 392,996 6.6
      20 to 24 years 1,501 7.3 6,454 8.8 402,379 6.8
      25 to 34 years 2,279 11.1 8,970 12.2 813,312 13.7
      35 to 44 years 2,323 11.4 8,650 11.8 774,255 13.1
      45 to 54 years 2,802 13.7 10,200 13.9 887,018 15.0
      55 to 59 years 1,253 6.1 5,085 6.9 404,371 6.8
      60 to 64 years 1,288 6.3 4,463 6.1 348,352 5.9
      65 to 74 years 1,935 9.5 7,310 9.9 453,074 7.6
      75 to 84 years 1,217 6.0 4,387 6.0 231,813 3.9
      85 years and over 687 3.4 2,038 2.8 106,264 1.8
             
      Median age (years) 41.3 ... 41.5 ... 38.2  
             
      18 years and over 16,040 78.4 60,570 82.4 4,582,258 77.3
      21 years and over 14,991 73.3 55,953 76.1 4,339,252 73.2
      62 years and over 4,564 22.3 16,378 22.3 991,946 16.7
      65 years and over 3,839 18.8 13,735 18.7 791,151 13.3
             
      18 years and over 16,040 78.4 60,570 82.4 4,582,258 77.3
        Male 7,584 37.1 31,459 42.8 2,185,431 36.9
        Female 8,456 41.4 29,111 39.6 2,396,827 40.4
             
      65 years and over 3,839 18.8 13,735 18.7 791,151 13.3
        Male 1,540 7.5 5,880 8.0 339,143 5.7
        Female 2,299 11.2 7,855 10.7 452,008 7.6
             
 RACE            
    Total population 20,449 100.0 73,549 100.0 5,930,538 100.0
      One race 19,748 96.6 72,061 98.0 5,754,886 97.0
      Two or more races 701 3.4 1,488 2.0 175,652 3.0
             
    One race 19,748 96.6 72,061 98.0 5,754,886 97.0
      White 18,131 88.7 65,160 88.6 3,416,107 57.6
      Black or African American 1,302 6.4 5,898 8.0 1,750,916 29.5
      American Indian and Alaska Native 41 0.2 114 0.2 15,579 0.3
        Cherokee tribal grouping 19 0.1 31 0.0 1,919 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 10 0.0 270 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 442 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 161 0.0
      Asian 214 1.0 636 0.9 357,616 6.0
        Asian Indian 81 0.4 230 0.3 87,575 1.5
        Chinese 43 0.2 172 0.2 79,950 1.3
        Filipino 46 0.2 72 0.1 50,252 0.8
        Japanese 14 0.1 22 0.0 7,226 0.1
        Korean 30 0.1 87 0.1 49,308 0.8
        Vietnamese 0 0.0 46 0.1 27,160 0.5
        Other Asian 0 0.0 7 0.0 56,145 0.9
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0 0.0 45 0.1 2,754 0.0
        Native Hawaiian 0 0.0 11 0.0 916 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro 0 0.0 0 0.0 687 0.0
        Samoan 0 0.0 14 0.0 345 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 0 0.0 20 0.0 806 0.0
      Some other race 60 0.3 208 0.3 211,914 3.6
    Two or more races 701 3.4 1,488 2.0 175,652 3.0
      White and Black or African American 396 1.9 698 0.9 59,363 1.0
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 53 0.3 192 0.3 18,457 0.3
      White and Asian 46 0.2 134 0.2 37,561 0.6
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 43 0.2 143 0.2 10,786 0.2
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 20,449 100.0 73,549 100.0 5,930,538 100.0
      White 18,722 91.6 66,379 90.3 3,558,054 60.0
      Black or African American 1,807 8.8 6,909 9.4 1,848,257 31.2
      American Indian and Alaska Native 196 1.0 594 0.8 58,236 1.0
      Asian 342 1.7 898 1.2 415,223 7.0
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 47 0.2 121 0.2 9,523 0.2
      Some other race 113 0.6 299 0.4 234,973 4.0
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 20,449 100.0 73,549 100.0 5,930,538 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 308 1.5 1,184 1.6 533,671 9.0
        Mexican 75 0.4 398 0.5 95,779 1.6
        Puerto Rican 45 0.2 235 0.3 48,295 0.8
        Cuban 8 0.0 43 0.1 12,746 0.2
        Other Hispanic or Latino 180 0.9 508 0.7 376,851 6.4
      Not Hispanic or Latino 20,141 98.5 72,365 98.4 5,396,867 91.0
        White alone 17,968 87.9 64,455 87.6 3,144,084 53.0
        Black or African American alone 1,269 6.2 5,778 7.9 1,723,335 29.1
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 34 0.2 104 0.1 11,735 0.2
        Asian alone 214 1.0 636 0.9 355,373 6.0
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0 0.0 45 0.1 2,382 0.0
        Some other race alone 24 0.1 24 0.0 14,715 0.2
        Two or more races 632 3.1 1,323 1.8 145,243 2.4
         Two races including Some other race 0 0.0 14 0.0 5,660 0.1
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 632 3.1 1,309 1.8 139,583 2.4
             
    Total housing units 10,618 ... 33,262 ... 2,410,256  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 15,713 76.8 59,618 81.1 4,182,241 70.5
      Male 7,425 36.3 30,982 42.1 1,981,536 33.4
      Female 8,288 40.5 28,636 38.9 2,200,705 37.1
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Cumberland, MDAllegany County Maryland
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 8,796 100.0 203,336 100.0 2,166,389 100.0
      Family households (families) 4,573 52.0 141,164 69.4 1,450,292 66.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 2,004 22.8 62,140 30.6 640,085 29.5
      Married-couple family 3,103 35.3 108,188 53.2 1,031,573 47.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 1,266 14.4 46,422 22.8 430,572 19.9
      Male householder, no wife present, family 246 2.8 9,778 4.8 105,011 4.8
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 120 1.4 4,674 2.3 48,819 2.3
      Female householder, no husband present, family 1,224 13.9 23,198 11.4 313,708 14.5
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 618 7.0 11,044 5.4 160,694 7.4
      Nonfamily households 4,223 48.0 62,172 30.6 716,097 33.1
        Householder living alone 3,588 40.8 49,555 24.4 585,309 27.0
         65 years and over 1,569 17.8 17,356 8.5 204,580 9.4
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 2,313 26.3 69,322 34.1 722,372 33.3
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 2,809 31.9 50,702 24.9 559,388 25.8
             
      Average household size 2.25 ... 2.66 ... 2.67  
      Average family size 3.08 ... 3.18 ... 3.26  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 19,796 100.0 540,049 100.0 5,790,058 100.0
      Householder 8,796 44.4 203,336 37.7 2,166,389 37.4
      Spouse 3,069 15.5 108,126 20.0 1,031,150 17.8
      Child 5,381 27.2 163,903 30.3 1,786,427 30.9
      Other relatives 1,060 5.4 35,580 6.6 455,865 7.9
      Nonrelatives 1,490 7.5 29,104 5.4 350,227 6.0
        Unmarried partner 649 3.3 12,220 2.3 125,148 2.2
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 7,930 100.0 220,955 100.0 2,303,458 100.0
      Never married 2,850 35.9 73,373 33.2 859,069 37.3
      Now married, except separated 3,283 41.4 117,493 53.2 1,144,135 49.7
      Separated 172 2.2 4,317 2.0 50,101 2.2
      Widowed 385 4.9 5,095 2.3 56,263 2.4
      Divorced 1,240 15.6 20,677 9.4 193,890 8.4
             
    Females 15 years and over 8,753 100.0 228,795 100.0 2,510,376 100.0
      Never married 2,612 29.8 62,623 27.4 824,334 32.8
      Now married, except separated 3,218 36.8 114,835 50.2 1,114,992 44.4
      Separated 224 2.6 5,373 2.3 67,515 2.7
      Widowed 1,255 14.3 18,228 8.0 218,568 8.7
      Divorced 1,444 16.5 27,736 12.1 284,967 11.4
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 311 100.0 7,122 100.0 76,132 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 105 33.8 1,869 26.2 27,437 36.0
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 38 12.2 28 0.4 33 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 67 21.5 53 0.7 52 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 21 6.8 18 0.3 18 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 119 38.3 97 1.4 88 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 32 10.3 24 0.3 29 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 549 100.0 11,900 100.0 145,331 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 184 33.5 4,171 35.1 47,399 32.6
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 50 9.1 1,134 9.5 9,616 6.6
        1 or 2 years 62 11.3 393 3.3 11,509 7.9
        3 or 4 years 36 6.6 860 7.2 7,814 5.4
        5 or more years 36 6.6 1,784 15.0 18,460 12.7
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 184 100.0 4,171 100.0 47,399 100.0
      Who are female 106 57.6 2,609 62.6 30,922 65.2
      Who are married 143 77.7 3,041 72.9 30,824 65.0
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 4,595 100.0 144,534 100.0 1,572,476 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 243 5.3 9,891 6.8 99,108 6.3
      Kindergarten 372 8.1 7,982 5.5 78,560 5.0
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 1,909 41.5 53,525 37.0 584,073 37.1
      High school (grades 9-12) 785 17.1 29,202 20.2 313,669 19.9
      College or graduate school 1,286 28.0 43,934 30.4 497,066 31.6
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 13,784 100.0 378,655 100.0 4,018,459 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 527 3.8 9,389 2.5 167,285 4.2
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 1,180 8.6 22,458 5.9 260,143 6.5
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 5,595 40.6 94,644 25.0 1,026,600 25.5
      Some college, no degree 2,913 21.1 78,892 20.8 785,207 19.5
      Associate's degree 1,120 8.1 28,322 7.5 256,254 6.4
      Bachelor's degree 1,343 9.7 85,105 22.5 826,439 20.6
      Graduate or professional degree 1,106 8.0 59,845 15.8 696,531 17.3
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 87.60 ... 91.60 ... 89.40  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 17.80 ... 38.30 ... 37.90  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 16,040 100.0 416,659 100.0 4,555,597 100.0
      Civilian veterans 1,718 10.7 52,670 12.6 403,900 8.9
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 20,040 100.0 535,171 100.0 5,836,734 100.0
      With a disability 4,663 23.3 51,622 9.6 610,989 10.5
             
    Under 18 years 4,401 22.0 126,445 23.6 1,346,655 23.1
      With a disability 420 2.1 4,641 0.9 50,420 0.9
             
    18 to 64 years 12,145 60.6 337,965 63.2 3,722,909 63.8
      With a disability 2,681 13.4 25,789 4.8 312,042 5.3
             
    65 years and over 3,494 17.4 70,761 13.2 767,170 13.1
      With a disability 1,562 7.8 21,192 4.0 248,527 4.3
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 20,180 100.0 548,567 100.0 5,861,210 100.0
      Same house 16,767 83.1 477,624 87.1 5,077,498 86.6
      Different house in the U.S. 3,365 16.7 67,851 12.4 739,303 12.6
        Same county 2,529 12.5 35,782 6.5 424,205 7.2
        Different county 836 4.1 32,069 5.8 315,098 5.4
         Same state 306 1.5 14,516 2.6 157,615 2.7
         Different state 530 2.6 17,553 3.2 157,483 2.7
      Abroad 48 0.2 3,092 0.6 44,409 0.8
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 20,449 100.0 555,280 100.0 5,930,538 100.0
      Native 19,927 97.4 510,247 91.9 5,072,734 85.5
        Born in United States 19,806 96.9 499,901 90.0 4,991,472 84.2
         State of residence 14,330 70.1 283,654 51.1 2,820,156 47.6
         Different state 5,476 26.8 216,247 38.9 2,171,316 36.6
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 121 0.6 10,346 1.9 81,262 1.4
      Foreign born 522 2.6 45,033 8.1 857,804 14.5
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 522 100.0 45,033 100.0 857,804 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 172 33.0 23,173 51.5 414,602 48.3
      Not a U.S. citizen 350 67.0 21,860 48.5 443,202 51.7
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 643 100.0 55,379 100.0 939,066 100.0
             
      Native 121 18.8 10,346 18.7 81,262 8.7
        Entered 2010 or later 0 0.0 479 0.9 7,203 0.8
        Entered before 2010 121 18.8 9,867 17.8 74,059 7.9
             
      Foreign born 522 81.2 45,033 81.3 857,804 91.3
        Entered 2010 or later 124 19.3 4,265 7.7 97,358 10.4
        Entered before 2010 398 61.9 40,768 73.6 760,446 81.0
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 522 100.0 45,033 100.0 857,804 100.0
      Europe 159 30.5 6,622 14.7 85,637 10.0
      Asia 205 39.3 14,943 33.2 283,694 33.1
      Africa 28 5.4 3,933 8.7 136,342 15.9
      Oceania 0 0.0 291 0.6 2,495 0.3
      Latin America 130 24.9 18,141 40.3 340,088 39.6
      Northern America 0 0.0 1,103 2.4 9,548 1.1
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 19,235 100.0 519,917 100.0 5,562,816 100.0
      English only 18,440 95.9 465,069 89.5 4,603,986 82.8
      Language other than English 795 4.1 54,848 10.5 958,830 17.2
        Speak English less than "very well" 235 1.2 18,567 3.6 357,588 6.4
      Spanish 310 1.6 26,124 5.0 402,105 7.2
        Speak English less than "very well" 103 0.5 9,852 1.9 179,305 3.2
      Other Indo-European languages 212 1.1 13,359 2.6 249,204 4.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 69 0.4 3,285 0.6 66,782 1.2
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 221 1.1 11,589 2.2 205,942 3.7
        Speak English less than "very well" 63 0.3 4,553 0.9 87,791 1.6
      Other languages 52 0.3 3,776 0.7 101,579 1.8
        Speak English less than "very well" 0 0.0 877 0.2 23,710 0.4
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 20,449 100.0 555,280 100.0 5,930,538 100.0
      American 1,626 8.0 30,911 5.6 306,581 5.2
      Arab 52 0.3 1,870 0.3 28,011 0.5
      Czech 35 0.2 2,409 0.4 21,925 0.4
      Danish 8 0.0 1,883 0.3 10,787 0.2
      Dutch 400 2.0 6,546 1.2 49,121 0.8
      English 2,023 9.9 61,030 11.0 452,531 7.6
      French (except Basque) 417 2.0 12,366 2.2 90,859 1.5
      French Canadian 5 0.0 3,362 0.6 17,932 0.3
      German 6,707 32.8 111,233 20.0 845,455 14.3
      Greek 243 1.2 3,553 0.6 33,733 0.6
      Hungarian 22 0.1 3,567 0.6 23,372 0.4
      Irish 3,599 17.6 92,087 16.6 652,827 11.0
      Italian 1,600 7.8 41,034 7.4 308,799 5.2
      Lithuanian 26 0.1 2,339 0.4 18,032 0.3
      Norwegian 35 0.2 4,409 0.8 29,139 0.5
      Polish 272 1.3 24,788 4.5 191,115 3.2
      Portuguese 42 0.2 1,325 0.2 11,090 0.2
      Russian 141 0.7 5,024 0.9 76,831 1.3
      Scotch-Irish 261 1.3 6,329 1.1 44,685 0.8
      Scottish 403 2.0 12,635 2.3 96,402 1.6
      Slovak 48 0.2 1,666 0.3 12,204 0.2
      Subsaharan African 110 0.5 6,552 1.2 232,332 3.9
      Swedish 187 0.9 5,018 0.9 34,125 0.6
      Swiss 36 0.2 1,185 0.2 12,490 0.2
      Ukrainian 137 0.7 2,217 0.4 21,683 0.4
      Welsh 240 1.2 4,268 0.8 35,396 0.6
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 52 0.3 3,064 0.6 78,353 1.3
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Cumberland, MDAllegany County Maryland
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 16,466 100.0 62,134 100.0 4,737,405 100.0
      In labor force 9,225 56.0 33,126 53.3 3,241,222 68.4
        Civilian labor force 9,225 56.0 33,109 53.3 3,214,531 67.9
         Employed 8,128 49.4 29,810 48.0 2,976,504 62.8
         Unemployed 1,097 6.7 3,299 5.3 238,027 5.0
        Armed Forces 0 0.0 17 0.0 26,691 0.6
      Not in labor force 7,241 44.0 29,008 46.7 1,496,183 31.6
             
    Civilian labor force 9,225 56.0 33,109 53.3 3,214,531 67.9
      Unemployment Rate 11.9 ... 10.0 ... 7.4  
             
    Females 16 years and over 8,660 52.6 29,876 48.1 2,473,228 52.2
      In labor force 4,462 27.1 15,807 25.4 1,591,449 33.6
        Civilian labor force 4,462 27.1 15,807 25.4 1,586,057 33.5
         Employed 4,056 24.6 14,498 23.3 1,473,483 31.1
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 1,360 8.3 3,858 6.2 427,387 9.0
      All parents in family in labor force 969 5.9 2,748 4.4 306,006 6.5
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 2,716 16.5 8,193 13.2 860,042 18.2
      All parents in family in labor force 1,956 11.9 6,237 10.0 662,547 14.0
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 7,833 100.0 29,008 100.0 2,942,352 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 5,969 76.2 23,924 82.5 2,167,448 73.7
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 829 10.6 2,905 10.0 278,234 9.5
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 105 1.3 164 0.6 265,615 9.0
      Walked 567 7.2 1,202 4.1 70,705 2.4
      Other means 136 1.7 264 0.9 36,750 1.2
      Worked at home 227 2.9 549 1.9 123,600 4.2
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 17 ... 21 ... 32  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 8,128 100.0 29,810 100.0 2,976,504 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 2,262 27.8 8,787 29.5 1,326,578 44.6
      Service occupations 2,054 25.3 7,094 23.8 511,841 17.2
      Sales and office occupations 2,221 27.3 7,513 25.2 671,460 22.6
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 513 6.3 2,487 8.3 233,352 7.8
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 1,078 13.3 3,929 13.2 233,273 7.8
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 8,128 100.0 29,810 100.0 2,976,504 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 59 0.7 317 1.1 15,665 0.5
      Construction 385 4.7 1,730 5.8 198,629 6.7
      Manufacturing 415 5.1 2,140 7.2 140,892 4.7
      Wholesale trade 165 2.0 587 2.0 58,552 2.0
      Retail trade 1,131 13.9 3,575 12.0 291,590 9.8
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 458 5.6 1,660 5.6 129,130 4.3
      Information 216 2.7 478 1.6 65,021 2.2
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 434 5.3 1,500 5.0 182,360 6.1
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 666 8.2 2,285 7.7 452,454 15.2
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 2,272 28.0 8,351 28.0 702,659 23.6
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 1,044 12.8 3,293 11.0 247,214 8.3
      Other services, except public administration 398 4.9 1,268 4.3 161,240 5.4
      Public administration 485 6.0 2,626 8.8 331,098 11.1
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 8,128 100.0 29,810 100.0 2,976,504 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 6,295 77.4 21,647 72.6 2,167,996 72.8
      Government workers 1,324 16.3 6,692 22.4 663,194 22.3
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 457 5.6 1,405 4.7 141,675 4.8
      Unpaid family workers 52 0.6 66 0.2 3,639 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 8,796 100.0 28,324 100.0 2,166,389 100.0
      Less than $10,000 1,136 12.9 2,790 9.9 110,926 5.1
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,126 12.8 2,394 8.5 71,461 3.3
      $15,000 to $24,999 1,450 16.5 3,892 13.7 149,200 6.9
      $25,000 to $34,999 1,118 12.7 3,253 11.5 156,267 7.2
      $35,000 to $49,999 1,288 14.6 4,342 15.3 230,782 10.7
      $50,000 to $74,999 1,287 14.6 5,031 17.8 370,180 17.1
      $75,000 to $99,999 546 6.2 2,611 9.2 289,546 13.4
      $100,000 to $149,999 629 7.2 2,820 10.0 394,212 18.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 125 1.4 665 2.3 194,589 9.0
      $200,000 or more 91 1.0 526 1.9 199,226 9.2
      Median household income (dollars) 30,275 ... 40,551 ... 74,551  
      Mean household income (dollars) 43,763 ... 54,511 ... 97,801  
             
      With earnings 5,625 63.9 19,173 67.7 1,775,241 81.9
        Mean earnings (dollars) 47,278 ... 58,200 ... 98,456  
      With Social Security 3,557 40.4 11,453 40.4 571,406 26.4
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 15,560 ... 17,658 ... 18,078  
      With retirement income 1,713 19.5 6,858 24.2 440,974 20.4
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 15,662 ... 17,485 ... 31,490  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 866 9.8 1,977 7.0 93,268 4.3
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 9,602 ... 9,266 ... 9,570  
      With cash public assistance income 419 4.8 814 2.9 55,413 2.6
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 2,482 ... 2,375 ... 3,747  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 2,523 28.7 5,497 19.4 236,656 10.9
             
    Families 4,573 100.0 17,232 100.0 1,450,292 100.0
      Less than $10,000 401 8.8 855 5.0 44,705 3.1
      $10,000 to $14,999 343 7.5 678 3.9 28,176 1.9
      $15,000 to $24,999 510 11.2 1,587 9.2 67,023 4.6
      $25,000 to $34,999 530 11.6 1,850 10.7 86,316 6.0
      $35,000 to $49,999 813 17.8 2,868 16.6 137,412 9.5
      $50,000 to $74,999 886 19.4 3,611 21.0 234,535 16.2
      $75,000 to $99,999 388 8.5 2,240 13.0 204,143 14.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 527 11.5 2,517 14.6 307,305 21.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 88 1.9 561 3.3 164,197 11.3
      $200,000 or more 87 1.9 465 2.7 176,480 12.2
      Median family income (dollars) 44,863 ... 55,405 ... 90,089  
      Mean family income (dollars) 56,363 ... 68,046 ... 113,668  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 19,461 ... 21,674 ... 36,897  
             
    Nonfamily households 4,223 ... 11,092 ... 716,097  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 19,906 ... 22,348 ... 46,429  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 28,121 ... 31,627 ... 61,007  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 21,323 ... 23,713 ... 40,602  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 34,758 ... 43,392 ... 60,133  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 31,285 ... 32,831 ... 50,734  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 20,040 100.0 68,163 100.0 5,836,734 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 18,186 90.7 63,185 92.7 5,313,662 91.0
        With private health insurance 10,261 51.2 45,233 66.4 4,318,257 74.0
        With public coverage 11,002 54.9 29,751 43.6 1,679,957 28.8
      No health insurance coverage 1,854 9.3 4,978 7.3 523,072 9.0
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 4,401 100.0 12,931 100.0 1,346,655 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 72 ... 369 ... 52,573  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 12,145 100.0 42,377 100.0 3,722,909 100.0
      In labor force: 8,686 71.5 31,253 73.7 3,008,846 80.8
        Employed: 7,605 62.6 28,078 66.3 2,789,078 74.9
         With health insurance coverage 6,525 53.7 25,280 59.7 2,492,918 67.0
         With private health insurance 5,032 41.4 22,037 52.0 2,345,142 63.0
         With public coverage 1,861 15.3 4,239 10.0 213,024 5.7
         No health insurance coverage 1,080 8.9 2,798 6.6 296,160 8.0
        Unemployed: 1,081 8.9 3,175 7.5 219,768 5.9
         With health insurance coverage 740 6.1 2,426 5.7 152,513 4.1
         With private health insurance 264 2.2 1,374 3.2 92,558 2.5
         With public coverage 498 4.1 1,145 2.7 66,043 1.8
         No health insurance coverage 341 2.8 749 1.8 67,255 1.8
      Not in labor force: 3,459 28.5 11,124 26.3 714,063 19.2
        With health insurance coverage 3,123 25.7 10,087 23.8 616,795 16.6
         With private health insurance 1,232 10.1 5,828 13.8 427,665 11.5
         With public coverage 2,215 18.2 5,178 12.2 241,404 6.5
        No health insurance coverage 336 2.8 1,037 2.4 97,268 2.6
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 19.4 ... 11.7 ... 7.0  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 29.5 ... 20.7 ... 10.7  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 22.9 ... 23.7 ... 10.6  
    Married couple families 11.5 ... 5.8 ... 2.9  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 15.0 ... 8.6 ... 3.7  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 4.0 ... 3.4 ... 3.4  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 37.1 ... 31.5 ... 19.5  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 54.5 ... 46.5 ... 26.5  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 42.8 ... 52.4 ... 29.5  
             
    All people 25.1 ... 18.0 ... 10.0  
    Under 18 years 35.7 ... 24.9 ... 13.3  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 35.0 ... 23.9 ... 12.9  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 39.0 ... 29.2 ... 15.1  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 33.4 ... 22.0 ... 12.1  
    18 years and over 22.2 ... 16.4 ... 9.0  
    18 to 64 years 24.9 ... 18.6 ... 9.3  
    65 years and over 12.7 ... 9.5 ... 7.5  
    People in families 21.5 ... 12.5 ... 7.5  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 33.9 ... 36.2 ... 20.7  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Cumberland, MDAllegany County Maryland
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 10,618 100.0 33,262 100.0 2,410,256 100.0
      Occupied housing units 8,796 82.8 28,324 85.2 2,166,389 89.9
      Vacant housing units 1,822 17.2 4,938 14.8 243,867 10.1
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 2.40 ... 2.30 ... 1.70  
      Rental vacancy rate 7.40 ... 7.10 ... 6.60  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 10,618 100.0 33,262 100.0 2,410,256 100.0
    1-unit, detached 5,725 53.9 23,275 70.0 1,244,054 51.6
    1-unit, attached 1,336 12.6 2,406 7.2 513,570 21.3
    2 units 824 7.8 1,451 4.4 37,744 1.6
    3 or 4 units 744 7.0 1,456 4.4 54,009 2.2
    5 to 9 units 902 8.5 1,560 4.7 118,550 4.9
    10 to 19 units 308 2.9 747 2.2 202,530 8.4
    20 or more units 771 7.3 1,197 3.6 201,636 8.4
    Mobile home 8 0.1 1,170 3.5 37,394 1.6
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 0 0.0 0 0.0 769 0.0
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 10,618 100.0 33,262 100.0 2,410,256 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 0 0.0 0 0.0 2,565 0.1
    Built 2010 to 2013 39 0.4 221 0.7 34,955 1.5
    Built 2000 to 2009 419 3.9 1,857 5.6 296,356 12.3
    Built 1990 to 1999 225 2.1 2,138 6.4 346,529 14.4
    Built 1980 to 1989 410 3.9 2,271 6.8 377,911 15.7
    Built 1970 to 1979 799 7.5 3,567 10.7 347,341 14.4
    Built 1960 to 1969 1,372 12.9 4,851 14.6 285,637 11.9
    Built 1950 to 1959 1,293 12.2 4,054 12.2 285,472 11.8
    Built 1940 to 1949 1,311 12.3 3,490 10.5 137,303 5.7
    Built 1939 or earlier 4,750 44.7 10,813 32.5 296,187 12.3
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 10,618 100.0 33,262 100.0 2,410,256 100.0
    1 room 277 2.6 502 1.5 29,434 1.2
    2 rooms 317 3.0 790 2.4 40,403 1.7
    3 rooms 1,063 10.0 2,184 6.6 180,739 7.5
    4 rooms 1,564 14.7 4,406 13.2 312,722 13.0
    5 rooms 1,786 16.8 6,253 18.8 354,571 14.7
    6 rooms 2,596 24.4 7,914 23.8 412,528 17.1
    7 rooms 1,222 11.5 4,429 13.3 335,867 13.9
    8 rooms 792 7.5 3,147 9.5 272,203 11.3
    9 rooms or more 1,001 9.4 3,637 10.9 471,789 19.6
    Median rooms 6 ... 6 ... 6  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 10,618 100.0 33,262 100.0 2,410,256 100.0
    No bedroom 312 2.9 576 1.7 33,685 1.4
    1 bedroom 1,861 17.5 3,690 11.1 248,203 10.3
    2 bedrooms 2,720 25.6 8,240 24.8 536,614 22.3
    3 bedrooms 4,119 38.8 14,900 44.8 904,135 37.5
    4 bedrooms 1,203 11.3 4,757 14.3 513,107 21.3
    5 or more bedrooms 403 3.8 1,099 3.3 174,512 7.2
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 8,796 100.0 28,324 100.0 2,166,389 100.0
      Owner-occupied 4,633 52.7 19,481 68.8 1,447,662 66.8
      Renter-occupied 4,163 47.3 8,843 31.2 718,727 33.2
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 3  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 3  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 8,796 100.0 28,324 100.0 2,166,389 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 135 1.5 303 1.1 28,441 1.3
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 2,557 29.1 6,562 23.2 598,808 27.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 3,140 35.7 8,919 31.5 803,391 37.1
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 1,157 13.2 4,496 15.9 359,516 16.6
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 633 7.2 2,859 10.1 184,698 8.5
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 1,174 13.3 5,185 18.3 191,535 8.8
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 8,796 100.0 28,324 100.0 2,166,389 100.0
      No vehicles available 1,737 19.7 3,059 10.8 202,669 9.4
      1 vehicle available 3,676 41.8 9,820 34.7 711,554 32.8
      2 vehicles available 2,406 27.4 9,404 33.2 797,286 36.8
      3 or more vehicles available 977 11.1 6,041 21.3 454,880 21.0
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 8,796 100.0 28,324 100.0 2,166,389 100.0
      Utility gas 5,841 66.4 13,363 47.2 964,345 44.5
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 93 1.1 766 2.7 70,060 3.2
      Electricity 2,343 26.6 7,964 28.1 866,969 40.0
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 283 3.2 3,416 12.1 212,903 9.8
      Coal or coke 21 0.2 761 2.7 2,217 0.1
      Wood 84 1.0 1,754 6.2 30,246 1.4
      Solar energy 0 0.0 0 0.0 952 0.0
      Other fuel 108 1.2 233 0.8 10,241 0.5
      No fuel used 23 0.3 67 0.2 8,456 0.4
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 8,796 100.0 28,324 100.0 2,166,389 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 59 0.7 107 0.4 8,225 0.4
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 137 1.6 234 0.8 13,584 0.6
      No telephone service available 208 2.4 520 1.8 48,122 2.2
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 8,796 100.0 28,324 100.0 2,166,389 100.0
      1.00 or less 8,640 98.2 27,985 98.8 2,121,363 97.9
      1.01 to 1.50 135 1.5 309 1.1 33,431 1.5
      1.51 or more 21 0.2 30 0.1 11,595 0.5
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 4,633 52.7 19,481 68.8 1,447,662 66.8
      Less than $50,000 605 6.9 1,992 7.0 51,549 2.4
      $50,000 to $99,999 2,067 23.5 5,883 20.8 60,423 2.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 864 9.8 4,025 14.2 105,379 4.9
      $150,000 to $199,999 463 5.3 3,262 11.5 174,491 8.1
      $200,000 to $299,999 358 4.1 2,777 9.8 379,819 17.5
      $300,000 to $499,999 170 1.9 1,149 4.1 422,217 19.5
      $500,000 to $999,999 91 1.0 296 1.0 214,546 9.9
      $1,000,000 or more 15 0.2 97 0.3 39,238 1.8
      Median (dollars) 88,900 ... 120,800 ... 286,900  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 4,633 100.0 19,481 100.0 1,447,662 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 2,625 56.7 10,760 55.2 1,081,480 74.7
      Housing units without a mortgage 2,008 43.3 8,721 44.8 366,182 25.3
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 2,625 100.0 10,760 100.0 1,081,480 100.0
      Less than $500 92 3.5 483 4.5 9,516 0.9
      $500 to $999 1,123 42.8 4,026 37.4 86,418 8.0
      $1,000 to $1,499 844 32.2 3,682 34.2 208,026 19.2
      $1,500 to $1,999 296 11.3 1,484 13.8 262,049 24.2
      $2,000 to $2,499 146 5.6 646 6.0 202,508 18.7
      $2,500 to $2,999 69 2.6 266 2.5 127,919 11.8
      $3,000 or more 55 2.1 173 1.6 185,044 17.1
      Median (dollars) 1,051 ... 1,105 ... 1,951  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 2,008 100.0 8,721 100.0 366,182 100.0
      Less than $250 214 10.7 1,096 12.6 17,728 4.8
      $250 to $399 880 43.8 3,664 42.0 57,314 15.7
      $400 to $599 672 33.5 2,961 34.0 119,411 32.6
      $600 to $799 140 7.0 680 7.8 86,513 23.6
      $800 to $999 51 2.5 195 2.2 44,577 12.2
      $1,000 or more 51 2.5 125 1.4 40,639 11.1
      Median (dollars) 382 ... 385 ... 582  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 2,625 100.0 10,742 100.0 1,076,864 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 1,201 45.8 5,339 49.7 412,759 38.3
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 405 15.4 1,513 14.1 183,212 17.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 320 12.2 1,112 10.4 131,093 12.2
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 197 7.5 856 8.0 90,931 8.4
      35.0 percent or more 502 19.1 1,922 17.9 258,869 24.0
             
      Not computed 0 0.0 18 0.2 4,616 0.4
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 1,973 100.0 8,632 100.0 362,417 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 491 24.9 2,869 33.2 158,353 43.7
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 410 20.8 1,858 21.5 68,129 18.8
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 342 17.3 1,307 15.1 41,083 11.3
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 183 9.3 776 9.0 24,326 6.7
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 151 7.7 535 6.2 16,833 4.6
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 99 5.0 279 3.2 11,213 3.1
      35.0 percent or more 297 15.1 1,008 11.7 42,480 11.7
             
      Not computed 35 1.8 89 1.0 3,765 1.0
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 3,984 100.0 8,165 100.0 690,979 100.0
      Less than $500 1,474 37.0 2,545 31.2 55,342 8.0
      $500 to $999 2,006 50.4 4,492 55.0 160,275 23.2
      $1,000 to $1,499 401 10.1 784 9.6 256,807 37.2
      $1,500 to $1,999 67 1.7 213 2.6 139,042 20.1
      $2,000 to $2,499 31 0.8 122 1.5 52,327 7.6
      $2,500 to $2,999 5 0.1 5 0.1 16,054 2.3
      $3,000 or more 0 0.0 4 0.0 11,132 1.6
      Median (dollars) 586 ... 624 ... 1,230  
             
      No rent paid 179 4.5 678 8.3 27,748 4.0
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 3,844 100.0 7,922 100.0 679,245 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 520 13.5 1,081 13.6 71,253 10.5
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 397 10.3 911 11.5 85,081 12.5
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 490 12.7 1,001 12.6 91,478 13.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 402 10.5 806 10.2 81,438 12.0
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 462 12.0 707 8.9 64,421 9.5
      35.0 percent or more 1,573 40.9 3,416 43.1 285,574 42.0
             
      Housing Units 319 8.3 921 11.6 39,482 5.8
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
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