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Updated 07/17/17

 
 
Boston, MA [2507000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Boston is located in Suffolk County (25025). The population of Boston changed from 620,701 in 2010 to 673,184 in 2016; a change of 52,483 (8.5%). The county population changed from 725,361 to 784,230, a change of 58,869 (8.1%) during the same period.

Boston is located in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH MSA (CBSA 14460). The CBSA population changed from 4,565,907 to 4,794,447 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 228,540 (5.0%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 10th based on 2016 population, 18th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 188th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 650,281. The population of one race include 53.0% White alone, 25.2% Black alone, 0.4% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 9.3% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 18.8% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 278,521 total housing units, 256,294 were occupied housing units (households) or 92.0% of total units. Of the 87,958 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $393,600. Of the 87,958 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $1,320. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 122,814 family households, 16.9% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 21.5% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $55,777 with median family income of $62,775. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 194,451 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 52,933 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 434,475 population 25 years and over, 85.2% were high school graduates and 45.3% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 620,701   725,361   6,565,524  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 630,195 1.53 736,602 1.55 6,611,923 0.71
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 641,911 1.86 749,469 1.75 6,658,008 0.70
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 651,090 1.43 759,670 1.36 6,706,786 0.73
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 659,180 1.24 768,537 1.17 6,749,911 0.64
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 665,984 1.03 776,688 1.06 6,784,240 0.51
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 673,184 1.08 784,230 0.97 6,811,779 0.41
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 650,281 100.0 758,919 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      Male 311,843 48.0 366,767 48.3 3,249,650 48.5
      Female 338,438 52.0 392,152 51.7 3,455,936 51.5
             
      Under 5 years 34,943 5.4 42,783 5.6 365,841 5.5
      5 to 9 years 28,240 4.3 34,686 4.6 378,301 5.6
      10 to 14 years 27,132 4.2 33,003 4.3 400,842 6.0
      15 to 19 years 48,099 7.4 52,874 7.0 462,576 6.9
      20 to 24 years 77,392 11.9 84,169 11.1 487,516 7.3
      25 to 34 years 148,153 22.8 167,884 22.1 910,737 13.6
      35 to 44 years 81,554 12.5 97,710 12.9 848,411 12.7
      45 to 54 years 73,407 11.3 88,473 11.7 996,414 14.9
      55 to 59 years 33,786 5.2 40,435 5.3 468,267 7.0
      60 to 64 years 29,418 4.5 34,917 4.6 401,263 6.0
      65 to 74 years 37,420 5.8 44,956 5.9 534,719 8.0
      75 to 84 years 20,648 3.2 25,048 3.3 296,646 4.4
      85 years and over 10,089 1.6 11,981 1.6 154,053 2.3
             
      Median age (years) 31.6 ... 32.2 ... 39.3  
             
      18 years and over 542,153 83.4 627,698 82.7 5,307,957 79.2
      21 years and over 491,962 75.7 574,431 75.7 4,991,000 74.4
      62 years and over 85,179 13.1 101,836 13.4 1,217,841 18.2
      65 years and over 68,157 10.5 81,985 10.8 985,418 14.7
             
      18 years and over 542,153 83.4 627,698 82.7 5,307,957 79.2
        Male 257,091 39.5 300,114 39.5 2,535,663 37.8
        Female 285,062 43.8 327,584 43.2 2,772,294 41.3
             
      65 years and over 68,157 10.5 81,985 10.8 985,418 14.7
        Male 28,138 4.3 33,892 4.5 419,258 6.3
        Female 40,019 6.2 48,093 6.3 566,160 8.4
             
 RACE            
    Total population 650,281 100.0 758,919 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      One race 620,715 95.5 715,721 94.3 6,510,909 97.1
      Two or more races 29,566 4.5 43,198 5.7 194,677 2.9
             
    One race 620,715 95.5 715,721 94.3 6,510,909 97.1
      White 344,823 53.0 421,489 55.5 5,334,859 79.6
      Black or African American 163,999 25.2 169,946 22.4 478,947 7.1
      American Indian and Alaska Native 2,400 0.4 2,593 0.3 13,189 0.2
        Cherokee tribal grouping 78 0.0 78 0.0 974 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 11 0.0 11 0.0 131 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 12 0.0 12 0.0 135 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 163 0.0
      Asian 60,588 9.3 65,396 8.6 400,675 6.0
        Asian Indian 7,349 1.1 8,252 1.1 86,775 1.3
        Chinese 29,472 4.5 30,148 4.0 149,236 2.2
        Filipino 1,694 0.3 1,911 0.3 12,219 0.2
        Japanese 1,206 0.2 1,211 0.2 10,119 0.2
        Korean 3,795 0.6 4,026 0.5 26,421 0.4
        Vietnamese 12,482 1.9 13,526 1.8 47,240 0.7
        Other Asian 4,590 0.7 6,322 0.8 68,665 1.0
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 91 0.0 107 0.0 1,644 0.0
        Native Hawaiian 58 0.0 74 0.0 624 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro 6 0.0 6 0.0 349 0.0
        Samoan 0 0.0 0 0.0 184 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 27 0.0 27 0.0 487 0.0
      Some other race 48,814 7.5 56,190 7.4 281,595 4.2
    Two or more races 29,566 4.5 43,198 5.7 194,677 2.9
      White and Black or African American 14,715 2.3 26,745 3.5 79,023 1.2
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 1,391 0.2 1,837 0.2 20,130 0.3
      White and Asian 4,058 0.6 4,484 0.6 38,916 0.6
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 910 0.1 925 0.1 4,419 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 650,281 100.0 758,919 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      White 369,834 56.9 459,983 60.6 5,505,449 82.1
      Black or African American 183,742 28.3 201,912 26.6 583,006 8.7
      American Indian and Alaska Native 5,631 0.9 6,305 0.8 45,803 0.7
      Asian 66,466 10.2 71,796 9.5 451,743 6.7
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,323 0.2 1,456 0.2 8,915 0.1
      Some other race 54,936 8.4 62,867 8.3 318,379 4.7
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 650,281 100.0 758,919 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 122,317 18.8 161,935 21.3 707,928 10.6
        Mexican 7,211 1.1 8,709 1.1 42,031 0.6
        Puerto Rican 34,280 5.3 40,228 5.3 297,089 4.4
        Cuban 2,459 0.4 2,747 0.4 12,231 0.2
        Other Hispanic or Latino 78,367 12.1 110,251 14.5 356,577 5.3
      Not Hispanic or Latino 527,964 81.2 596,984 78.7 5,997,658 89.4
        White alone 295,886 45.5 352,694 46.5 4,982,325 74.3
        Black or African American alone 147,603 22.7 151,997 20.0 434,326 6.5
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 1,125 0.2 1,215 0.2 7,947 0.1
        Asian alone 60,164 9.3 64,932 8.6 398,722 5.9
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 65 0.0 81 0.0 1,275 0.0
        Some other race alone 8,411 1.3 8,839 1.2 42,513 0.6
        Two or more races 14,710 2.3 17,226 2.3 130,550 1.9
         Two races including Some other race 2,140 0.3 2,275 0.3 14,915 0.2
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 12,570 1.9 14,951 2.0 115,635 1.7
             
    Total housing units 278,521 ... 321,386 ... 2,827,820  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 455,312 70.0 518,745 68.4 4,850,598 72.3
      Male 211,649 32.5 242,508 32.0 2,303,769 34.4
      Female 243,663 37.5 276,237 36.4 2,546,829 38.0
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 256,294 100.0 301,176 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      Family households (families) 122,814 47.9 200,870 66.7 1,620,917 63.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 53,873 21.0 89,983 29.9 709,541 27.8
      Married-couple family 68,440 26.7 149,285 49.6 1,195,878 46.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 25,666 10.0 62,185 20.6 492,716 19.3
      Male householder, no wife present, family 11,009 4.3 13,826 4.6 104,560 4.1
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 3,858 1.5 5,844 1.9 42,698 1.7
      Female householder, no husband present, family 43,365 16.9 37,759 12.5 320,479 12.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 24,349 9.5 21,954 7.3 174,127 6.8
      Nonfamily households 133,480 52.1 100,306 33.3 928,804 36.4
        Householder living alone 94,999 37.1 80,492 26.7 732,066 28.7
         65 years and over 25,924 10.1 31,295 10.4 288,085 11.3
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 59,997 23.4 97,782 32.5 774,788 30.4
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 51,547 20.1 77,667 25.8 697,846 27.4
             
      Average household size 2.35 ... 2.60 ... 2.53  
      Average family size 3.16 ... 3.17 ... 3.15  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 602,750 100.0 783,214 100.0 6,456,367 100.0
      Householder 256,294 42.5 301,176 38.5 2,549,721 39.5
      Spouse 68,632 11.4 149,227 19.1 1,194,924 18.5
      Child 150,416 25.0 244,280 31.2 1,908,933 29.6
      Other relatives 46,770 7.8 42,475 5.4 377,606 5.8
      Nonrelatives 80,638 13.4 46,056 5.9 425,183 6.6
        Unmarried partner 18,559 3.1 20,454 2.6 163,092 2.5
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 266,112 100.0 324,193 100.0 2,665,096 100.0
      Never married 154,364 58.0 119,744 36.9 1,040,150 39.0
      Now married, except separated 83,223 31.3 160,915 49.6 1,304,472 48.9
      Separated 6,427 2.4 5,015 1.5 41,605 1.6
      Widowed 4,623 1.7 8,393 2.6 66,656 2.5
      Divorced 17,475 6.6 30,126 9.3 212,213 8.0
             
    Females 15 years and over 293,854 100.0 339,391 100.0 2,895,506 100.0
      Never married 160,844 54.7 102,343 30.2 975,464 33.7
      Now married, except separated 79,285 27.0 159,283 46.9 1,285,690 44.4
      Separated 9,483 3.2 6,856 2.0 61,876 2.1
      Widowed 18,706 6.4 29,887 8.8 253,428 8.8
      Divorced 25,536 8.7 41,022 12.1 319,048 11.0
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 8,026 100.0 9,109 100.0 75,363 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 3,268 40.7 2,870 31.5 22,925 30.4
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 21 0.3 26 0.3 23 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 39 0.5 46 0.5 45 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 10 0.1 7 0.1 9 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 49 0.6 89 1.0 72 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 33 0.4 24 0.3 30 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 10,899 100.0 15,116 100.0 122,338 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 3,421 31.4 4,637 30.7 35,407 28.9
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 622 5.7 1,151 7.6 7,385 6.0
        1 or 2 years 574 5.3 865 5.7 7,877 6.4
        3 or 4 years 632 5.8 706 4.7 6,050 4.9
        5 or more years 1,593 14.6 1,915 12.7 14,095 11.5
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 3,421 100.0 4,637 100.0 35,407 100.0
      Who are female 2,493 72.9 2,843 61.3 22,984 64.9
      Who are married 1,791 52.4 3,238 69.8 23,742 67.1
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 194,451 100.0 212,378 100.0 1,755,492 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 7,990 4.1 13,277 6.3 113,148 6.4
      Kindergarten 8,736 4.5 9,238 4.3 79,335 4.5
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 44,197 22.7 82,360 38.8 623,655 35.5
      High school (grades 9-12) 24,020 12.4 45,271 21.3 342,333 19.5
      College or graduate school 109,508 56.3 62,232 29.3 597,021 34.0
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 434,475 100.0 549,289 100.0 4,610,510 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 34,741 8.0 22,204 4.0 220,055 4.8
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 29,535 6.8 33,933 6.2 251,050 5.4
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 93,732 21.6 158,594 28.9 1,169,375 25.4
      Some college, no degree 59,972 13.8 95,981 17.5 745,794 16.2
      Associate's degree 19,771 4.6 49,693 9.0 357,133 7.7
      Bachelor's degree 107,947 24.8 116,733 21.3 1,049,150 22.8
      Graduate or professional degree 88,777 20.4 72,151 13.1 817,953 17.7
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 85.20 ... 89.80 ... 89.80  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 45.30 ... 34.40 ... 40.50  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 541,630 100.0 629,524 100.0 5,303,395 100.0
      Civilian veterans 18,180 3.4 49,584 7.9 355,083 6.7
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 643,908 100.0 798,977 100.0 6,627,768 100.0
      With a disability 78,149 12.1 93,924 11.8 763,526 11.5
             
    Under 18 years 107,949 16.8 180,326 22.6 1,394,267 21.0
      With a disability 5,453 0.8 9,031 1.1 63,543 1.0
             
    18 to 64 years 470,598 73.1 512,342 64.1 4,286,479 64.7
      With a disability 44,890 7.0 48,929 6.1 383,623 5.8
             
    65 years and over 65,361 10.2 106,309 13.3 947,022 14.3
      With a disability 27,806 4.3 35,964 4.5 316,360 4.8
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 643,351 100.0 802,162 100.0 6,635,154 100.0
      Same house 508,756 79.1 710,080 88.5 5,776,664 87.1
      Different house in the U.S. 121,652 18.9 87,439 10.9 795,909 12.0
        Same county 67,396 10.5 60,124 7.5 477,074 7.2
        Different county 54,256 8.4 27,315 3.4 318,835 4.8
         Same state 26,886 4.2 15,165 1.9 179,215 2.7
         Different state 27,370 4.3 12,150 1.5 139,620 2.1
      Abroad 12,943 2.0 4,643 0.6 62,581 0.9
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 650,281 100.0 810,935 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      Native 472,718 72.7 717,014 88.4 5,667,459 84.5
        Born in United States 450,022 69.2 691,331 85.3 5,487,257 81.8
         State of residence 293,378 45.1 552,548 68.1 4,171,068 62.2
         Different state 156,644 24.1 138,783 17.1 1,316,189 19.6
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 22,696 3.5 25,683 3.2 180,202 2.7
      Foreign born 177,563 27.3 93,921 11.6 1,038,127 15.5
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 177,563 100.0 93,921 100.0 1,038,127 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 84,468 47.6 49,336 52.5 539,588 52.0
      Not a U.S. citizen 93,095 52.4 44,585 47.5 498,539 48.0
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 200,259 100.0 119,604 100.0 1,218,329 100.0
             
      Native 22,696 11.3 25,683 21.5 180,202 14.8
        Entered 2010 or later 2,569 1.3 3,173 2.7 19,837 1.6
        Entered before 2010 20,127 10.1 22,510 18.8 160,365 13.2
             
      Foreign born 177,563 88.7 93,921 78.5 1,038,127 85.2
        Entered 2010 or later 30,219 15.1 11,364 9.5 136,620 11.2
        Entered before 2010 147,344 73.6 82,557 69.0 901,507 74.0
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 177,563 100.0 93,921 100.0 1,038,127 100.0
      Europe 23,227 13.1 18,957 20.2 232,875 22.4
      Asia 45,517 25.6 30,081 32.0 310,469 29.9
      Africa 18,765 10.6 13,140 14.0 91,802 8.8
      Oceania 538 0.3 310 0.3 3,622 0.3
      Latin America 86,810 48.9 27,149 28.9 368,243 35.5
      Northern America 2,706 1.5 4,284 4.6 31,116 3.0
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 615,338 100.0 765,470 100.0 6,339,745 100.0
      English only 388,208 63.1 622,992 81.4 4,912,310 77.5
      Language other than English 227,130 36.9 142,478 18.6 1,427,435 22.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 104,493 17.0 56,750 7.4 565,818 8.9
      Spanish 101,095 16.4 60,029 7.8 534,262 8.4
        Speak English less than "very well" 46,807 7.6 24,556 3.2 222,343 3.5
      Other Indo-European languages 68,654 11.2 47,049 6.1 555,957 8.8
        Speak English less than "very well" 27,313 4.4 15,942 2.1 192,909 3.0
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 44,241 7.2 21,615 2.8 255,829 4.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 25,485 4.1 11,102 1.5 123,528 1.9
      Other languages 13,140 2.1 13,785 1.8 81,387 1.3
        Speak English less than "very well" 4,888 0.8 5,150 0.7 27,038 0.4
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 650,281 100.0 810,935 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      American 31,821 4.9 37,546 4.6 302,332 4.5
      Arab 7,505 1.2 8,855 1.1 73,044 1.1
      Czech 1,347 0.2 1,055 0.1 12,401 0.2
      Danish 1,284 0.2 1,448 0.2 15,444 0.2
      Dutch 3,129 0.5 6,182 0.8 41,749 0.6
      English 30,598 4.7 81,583 10.1 674,547 10.1
      French (except Basque) 12,073 1.9 105,455 13.0 476,009 7.1
      French Canadian 7,695 1.2 51,007 6.3 257,536 3.8
      German 29,926 4.6 47,769 5.9 409,989 6.1
      Greek 5,524 0.8 9,473 1.2 83,701 1.2
      Hungarian 1,537 0.2 2,020 0.2 18,986 0.3
      Irish 93,017 14.3 163,346 20.1 1,447,795 21.6
      Italian 52,414 8.1 111,159 13.7 904,533 13.5
      Lithuanian 2,224 0.3 10,971 1.4 47,248 0.7
      Norwegian 2,763 0.4 3,461 0.4 35,009 0.5
      Polish 16,223 2.5 48,367 6.0 318,258 4.7
      Portuguese 5,474 0.8 13,685 1.7 301,716 4.5
      Russian 10,980 1.7 8,227 1.0 114,527 1.7
      Scotch-Irish 2,695 0.4 4,675 0.6 42,828 0.6
      Scottish 8,329 1.3 17,428 2.1 154,536 2.3
      Slovak 565 0.1 843 0.1 6,086 0.1
      Subsaharan African 25,821 4.0 13,956 1.7 129,528 1.9
      Swedish 5,065 0.8 25,268 3.1 113,310 1.7
      Swiss 960 0.1 1,204 0.1 10,986 0.2
      Ukrainian 2,001 0.3 1,414 0.2 23,501 0.4
      Welsh 1,752 0.3 2,457 0.3 23,016 0.3
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 43,257 6.7 4,719 0.6 127,976 1.9
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 553,827 100.0 641,526 100.0 5,479,502 100.0
      In labor force 378,884 68.4 439,996 68.6 3,700,701 67.5
        Civilian labor force 378,361 68.3 439,457 68.5 3,696,139 67.5
         Employed 345,497 62.4 401,271 62.5 3,415,975 62.3
         Unemployed 32,864 5.9 38,186 6.0 280,164 5.1
        Armed Forces 523 0.1 539 0.1 4,562 0.1
      Not in labor force 174,943 31.6 201,530 31.4 1,778,801 32.5
             
    Civilian labor force 378,361 68.3 439,457 68.5 3,696,139 67.5
      Unemployment Rate 8.7 ... 8.7 ... 7.6  
             
    Females 16 years and over 290,532 52.5 334,108 52.1 2,855,334 52.1
      In labor force 190,686 34.4 218,299 34.0 1,811,178 33.1
        Civilian labor force 190,642 34.4 218,255 34.0 1,810,597 33.0
         Employed 174,979 31.6 200,042 31.2 1,684,873 30.7
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 39,842 7.2 48,977 7.6 428,524 7.8
      All parents in family in labor force 28,906 5.2 35,530 5.5 301,890 5.5
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 63,637 11.5 76,618 11.9 917,378 16.7
      All parents in family in labor force 47,431 8.6 57,456 9.0 689,815 12.6
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 339,130 100.0 393,571 100.0 3,346,749 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 130,984 38.6 160,513 40.8 2,390,090 71.4
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 20,824 6.1 27,174 6.9 258,094 7.7
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 114,178 33.7 128,072 32.5 327,144 9.8
      Walked 50,914 15.0 53,561 13.6 161,164 4.8
      Other means 10,075 3.0 11,046 2.8 58,506 1.7
      Worked at home 12,155 3.6 13,205 3.4 151,751 4.5
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 30 ... 30 ... 29  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 345,497 100.0 401,271 100.0 3,415,975 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 164,071 47.5 178,226 44.4 1,510,715 44.2
      Service occupations 72,513 21.0 87,564 21.8 602,742 17.6
      Sales and office occupations 72,604 21.0 85,990 21.4 767,408 22.5
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 14,397 4.2 19,128 4.8 235,906 6.9
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 21,912 6.3 30,363 7.6 299,204 8.8
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 345,497 100.0 401,271 100.0 3,415,975 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 382 0.1 485 0.1 13,750 0.4
      Construction 11,533 3.3 15,275 3.8 184,928 5.4
      Manufacturing 15,150 4.4 19,076 4.8 313,474 9.2
      Wholesale trade 5,003 1.4 7,384 1.8 81,114 2.4
      Retail trade 29,010 8.4 35,203 8.8 368,117 10.8
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 10,900 3.2 15,491 3.9 123,362 3.6
      Information 8,384 2.4 9,150 2.3 79,113 2.3
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 31,641 9.2 34,700 8.6 258,699 7.6
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 55,956 16.2 62,694 15.6 452,017 13.2
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 109,796 31.8 120,811 30.1 954,668 27.9
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 36,727 10.6 44,644 11.1 299,467 8.8
      Other services, except public administration 15,913 4.6 19,307 4.8 151,201 4.4
      Public administration 15,102 4.4 17,051 4.2 136,065 4.0
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 345,497 100.0 401,271 100.0 3,415,975 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 291,679 84.4 338,752 84.4 2,780,525 81.4
      Government workers 38,561 11.2 44,285 11.0 424,079 12.4
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 14,798 4.3 17,737 4.4 207,125 6.1
      Unpaid family workers 459 0.1 497 0.1 4,246 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 256,294 100.0 296,672 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      Less than $10,000 30,728 12.0 33,978 11.5 155,390 6.1
      $10,000 to $14,999 18,724 7.3 21,365 7.2 131,036 5.1
      $15,000 to $24,999 23,769 9.3 27,899 9.4 217,314 8.5
      $25,000 to $34,999 18,458 7.2 22,345 7.5 196,102 7.7
      $35,000 to $49,999 26,152 10.2 31,565 10.6 266,140 10.4
      $50,000 to $74,999 38,106 14.9 45,628 15.4 402,960 15.8
      $75,000 to $99,999 26,599 10.4 31,782 10.7 317,568 12.5
      $100,000 to $149,999 36,223 14.1 41,514 14.0 429,874 16.9
      $150,000 to $199,999 16,697 6.5 18,413 6.2 206,541 8.1
      $200,000 or more 20,838 8.1 22,183 7.5 226,796 8.9
      Median household income (dollars) 55,777 ... 55,044 ... 68,563  
      Mean household income (dollars) 85,374 ... 82,933 ... 94,143  
             
      With earnings 202,470 79.0 233,953 78.9 2,006,150 78.7
        Mean earnings (dollars) 93,389 ... 90,422 ... 98,816  
      With Social Security 50,693 19.8 61,480 20.7 735,549 28.8
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 14,579 ... 14,706 ... 17,474  
      With retirement income 22,441 8.8 27,362 9.2 409,904 16.1
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 25,652 ... 25,387 ... 25,918  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 21,169 8.3 24,643 8.3 160,622 6.3
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 9,119 ... 9,171 ... 9,830  
      With cash public assistance income 10,090 3.9 11,714 3.9 76,066 3.0
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 4,335 ... 4,337 ... 4,440  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 49,264 19.2 57,332 19.3 319,009 12.5
             
    Families 122,814 100.0 147,054 100.0 1,620,917 100.0
      Less than $10,000 9,981 8.1 11,120 7.6 58,643 3.6
      $10,000 to $14,999 6,034 4.9 7,022 4.8 40,017 2.5
      $15,000 to $24,999 11,665 9.5 13,746 9.3 91,112 5.6
      $25,000 to $34,999 10,030 8.2 12,601 8.6 104,852 6.5
      $35,000 to $49,999 13,476 11.0 16,769 11.4 153,203 9.5
      $50,000 to $74,999 18,006 14.7 22,817 15.5 249,664 15.4
      $75,000 to $99,999 12,981 10.6 16,536 11.2 223,266 13.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 18,569 15.1 22,184 15.1 332,072 20.5
      $150,000 to $199,999 9,168 7.5 10,450 7.1 171,808 10.6
      $200,000 or more 12,904 10.5 13,809 9.4 196,280 12.1
      Median family income (dollars) 62,775 ... 62,050 ... 87,085  
      Mean family income (dollars) 98,185 ... 94,333 ... 112,945  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 35,728 ... 34,420 ... 36,895  
             
    Nonfamily households 133,480 ... 149,618 ... 928,804  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 46,964 ... 45,416 ... 39,687  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 71,232 ... 68,971 ... 57,923  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 34,027 ... 33,082 ... 37,452  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 57,102 ... 54,237 ... 61,768  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 50,763 ... 49,890 ... 50,147  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 643,908 100.0 751,838 100.0 6,627,768 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 613,921 95.3 714,411 95.0 6,391,805 96.4
        With private health insurance 427,069 66.3 487,229 64.8 4,937,598 74.5
        With public coverage 234,177 36.4 284,579 37.9 2,268,955 34.2
      No health insurance coverage 29,987 4.7 37,427 5.0 235,963 3.6
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 107,949 100.0 131,042 100.0 1,394,267 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 1,517 ... 1,877 ... 20,398  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 470,598 100.0 542,174 100.0 4,286,479 100.0
      In labor force: 362,745 77.1 420,982 77.6 3,436,866 80.2
        Employed: 331,925 70.5 385,046 71.0 3,182,487 74.2
         With health insurance coverage 314,963 66.9 362,975 66.9 3,044,379 71.0
         With private health insurance 269,271 57.2 305,695 56.4 2,705,745 63.1
         With public coverage 53,787 11.4 66,611 12.3 417,865 9.7
         No health insurance coverage 16,962 3.6 22,071 4.1 138,108 3.2
        Unemployed: 30,820 6.5 35,936 6.6 254,379 5.9
         With health insurance coverage 25,885 5.5 29,958 5.5 220,363 5.1
         With private health insurance 11,575 2.5 13,315 2.5 120,475 2.8
         With public coverage 15,131 3.2 17,539 3.2 110,398 2.6
         No health insurance coverage 4,935 1.0 5,978 1.1 34,016 0.8
      Not in labor force: 107,853 22.9 121,192 22.4 849,613 19.8
        With health insurance coverage 101,967 21.7 114,466 21.1 809,810 18.9
         With private health insurance 60,659 12.9 65,259 12.0 490,977 11.5
         With public coverage 46,613 9.9 55,340 10.2 379,979 8.9
        No health insurance coverage 5,886 1.3 6,726 1.2 39,803 0.9
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 16.9 ... 16.3 ... 8.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 25.9 ... 25.1 ... 13.1  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 17.3 ... 18.4 ... 12.3  
    Married couple families 6.7 ... 6.5 ... 3.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 8.3 ... 8.2 ... 3.9  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 4.3 ... 5.7 ... 3.6  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 33.2 ... 32.7 ... 25.5  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 43.5 ... 43.6 ... 35.3  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 43.0 ... 43.1 ... 39.2  
             
    All people 21.5 ... 20.7 ... 11.6  
    Under 18 years 29.8 ... 28.7 ... 15.2  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 29.5 ... 28.4 ... 14.8  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 26.1 ... 26.6 ... 17.0  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 31.1 ... 29.3 ... 14.0  
    18 years and over 19.8 ... 19.0 ... 10.6  
    18 to 64 years 19.7 ... 18.9 ... 10.9  
    65 years and over 20.0 ... 19.3 ... 9.2  
    People in families 17.5 ... 16.8 ... 8.5  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 28.8 ... 28.3 ... 23.1  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Boston, MASuffolk County Massachusetts
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 278,521 100.0 321,386 100.0 2,827,820 100.0
      Occupied housing units 256,294 92.0 296,672 92.3 2,549,721 90.2
      Vacant housing units 22,227 8.0 24,714 7.7 278,099 9.8
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 1.20 ... 1.10 ... 1.20  
      Rental vacancy rate 3.30 ... 3.20 ... 4.20  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 278,521 100.0 321,386 100.0 2,827,820 100.0
    1-unit, detached 33,631 12.1 43,800 13.6 1,474,897 52.2
    1-unit, attached 18,015 6.5 20,040 6.2 148,269 5.2
    2 units 36,923 13.3 47,680 14.8 290,860 10.3
    3 or 4 units 69,781 25.1 77,282 24.0 305,406 10.8
    5 to 9 units 31,487 11.3 34,157 10.6 166,495 5.9
    10 to 19 units 22,652 8.1 24,312 7.6 121,415 4.3
    20 or more units 65,596 23.6 73,461 22.9 295,922 10.5
    Mobile home 289 0.1 474 0.1 23,935 0.8
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 147 0.1 180 0.1 621 0.0
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 278,521 100.0 321,386 100.0 2,827,820 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 272 0.1 283 0.1 1,575 0.1
    Built 2010 to 2013 2,698 1.0 2,944 0.9 24,913 0.9
    Built 2000 to 2009 19,280 6.9 22,244 6.9 213,547 7.6
    Built 1990 to 1999 10,949 3.9 12,296 3.8 211,209 7.5
    Built 1980 to 1989 17,037 6.1 21,107 6.6 303,738 10.7
    Built 1970 to 1979 21,092 7.6 24,464 7.6 328,414 11.6
    Built 1960 to 1969 22,950 8.2 26,806 8.3 292,628 10.3
    Built 1950 to 1959 20,475 7.4 23,782 7.4 324,491 11.5
    Built 1940 to 1949 15,801 5.7 18,382 5.7 165,661 5.9
    Built 1939 or earlier 147,967 53.1 169,078 52.6 961,644 34.0
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 278,521 100.0 321,386 100.0 2,827,820 100.0
    1 room 15,512 5.6 17,476 5.4 68,322 2.4
    2 rooms 17,405 6.2 19,351 6.0 86,635 3.1
    3 rooms 53,388 19.2 59,418 18.5 284,471 10.1
    4 rooms 62,656 22.5 72,453 22.5 444,754 15.7
    5 rooms 56,412 20.3 65,940 20.5 517,797 18.3
    6 rooms 36,677 13.2 43,254 13.5 496,706 17.6
    7 rooms 16,310 5.9 18,947 5.9 345,101 12.2
    8 rooms 8,663 3.1 10,531 3.3 260,170 9.2
    9 rooms or more 11,498 4.1 14,016 4.4 323,864 11.5
    Median rooms 4 ... 4 ... 6  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 278,521 100.0 321,386 100.0 2,827,820 100.0
    No bedroom 17,987 6.5 20,040 6.2 74,982 2.7
    1 bedroom 70,608 25.4 78,995 24.6 393,983 13.9
    2 bedrooms 95,533 34.3 110,950 34.5 796,971 28.2
    3 bedrooms 64,135 23.0 75,918 23.6 983,065 34.8
    4 bedrooms 21,987 7.9 25,828 8.0 453,401 16.0
    5 or more bedrooms 8,271 3.0 9,655 3.0 125,418 4.4
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 256,294 100.0 296,672 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      Owner-occupied 87,958 34.3 105,671 35.6 1,583,667 62.1
      Renter-occupied 168,336 65.7 191,001 64.4 966,054 37.9
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 3 ... 3  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 256,294 100.0 296,672 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 5,032 2.0 5,489 1.9 29,359 1.2
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 104,144 40.6 117,606 39.6 703,858 27.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 88,377 34.5 102,950 34.7 877,496 34.4
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 29,598 11.5 35,232 11.9 427,732 16.8
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 13,006 5.1 15,180 5.1 220,129 8.6
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 16,137 6.3 20,215 6.8 291,147 11.4
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 256,294 100.0 296,672 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      No vehicles available 90,311 35.2 99,004 33.4 319,603 12.5
      1 vehicle available 109,895 42.9 127,861 43.1 920,090 36.1
      2 vehicles available 44,687 17.4 55,342 18.7 928,925 36.4
      3 or more vehicles available 11,401 4.4 14,465 4.9 381,103 14.9
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 256,294 100.0 296,672 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      Utility gas 145,437 56.7 169,139 57.0 1,278,152 50.1
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 4,974 1.9 5,621 1.9 75,169 2.9
      Electricity 66,495 25.9 74,658 25.2 374,166 14.7
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 35,580 13.9 43,143 14.5 746,949 29.3
      Coal or coke 20 0.0 20 0.0 3,259 0.1
      Wood 270 0.1 345 0.1 42,560 1.7
      Solar energy 99 0.0 99 0.0 1,052 0.0
      Other fuel 1,338 0.5 1,401 0.5 17,759 0.7
      No fuel used 2,081 0.8 2,246 0.8 10,655 0.4
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 256,294 100.0 296,672 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 863 0.3 1,044 0.4 9,190 0.4
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 1,924 0.8 2,509 0.8 19,404 0.8
      No telephone service available 5,646 2.2 6,542 2.2 43,732 1.7
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 256,294 100.0 296,672 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      1.00 or less 248,120 96.8 286,341 96.5 2,501,681 98.1
      1.01 to 1.50 5,093 2.0 6,477 2.2 31,396 1.2
      1.51 or more 3,081 1.2 3,854 1.3 16,644 0.7
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 87,958 34.3 105,671 35.6 1,583,667 62.1
      Less than $50,000 1,996 0.8 2,417 0.8 40,677 1.6
      $50,000 to $99,999 581 0.2 952 0.3 28,322 1.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 1,770 0.7 2,322 0.8 72,568 2.8
      $150,000 to $199,999 3,287 1.3 4,781 1.6 148,612 5.8
      $200,000 to $299,999 16,042 6.3 21,068 7.1 384,150 15.1
      $300,000 to $499,999 37,117 14.5 45,451 15.3 563,047 22.1
      $500,000 to $999,999 20,860 8.1 22,305 7.5 285,504 11.2
      $1,000,000 or more 6,305 2.5 6,375 2.1 60,787 2.4
      Median (dollars) 393,600 ... 377,100 ... 333,100  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 87,958 100.0 105,671 100.0 1,583,667 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 66,379 75.5 79,360 75.1 1,120,163 70.7
      Housing units without a mortgage 21,579 24.5 26,311 24.9 463,504 29.3
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 66,379 100.0 79,360 100.0 1,120,163 100.0
      Less than $500 324 0.5 389 0.5 6,607 0.6
      $500 to $999 2,854 4.3 3,409 4.3 70,302 6.3
      $1,000 to $1,499 8,926 13.4 10,724 13.5 190,829 17.0
      $1,500 to $1,999 14,308 21.6 17,910 22.6 262,821 23.5
      $2,000 to $2,499 15,196 22.9 18,393 23.2 233,610 20.9
      $2,500 to $2,999 10,261 15.5 12,259 15.4 152,189 13.6
      $3,000 or more 14,510 21.9 16,276 20.5 203,805 18.2
      Median (dollars) 2,223 ... 2,197 ... 2,063  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 21,579 100.0 26,311 100.0 463,504 100.0
      Less than $250 722 3.3 818 3.1 12,281 2.6
      $250 to $399 1,831 8.5 2,002 7.6 30,446 6.6
      $400 to $599 5,170 24.0 6,065 23.1 111,925 24.1
      $600 to $799 4,648 21.5 6,139 23.3 126,788 27.4
      $800 to $999 3,320 15.4 4,593 17.5 81,650 17.6
      $1,000 or more 5,888 27.3 6,694 25.4 100,414 21.7
      Median (dollars) 730 ... 738 ... 717  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 66,032 100.0 78,857 100.0 1,116,157 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 23,716 35.9 26,730 33.9 404,883 36.3
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 10,223 15.5 11,998 15.2 188,069 16.8
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 7,299 11.1 8,808 11.2 138,253 12.4
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 5,669 8.6 7,146 9.1 94,713 8.5
      35.0 percent or more 19,125 29.0 24,175 30.7 290,239 26.0
             
      Not computed 347 0.5 503 0.6 4,006 0.4
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 21,067 100.0 25,749 100.0 458,548 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 7,438 35.3 8,426 32.7 148,984 32.5
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 3,321 15.8 4,094 15.9 86,656 18.9
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 2,598 12.3 3,419 13.3 58,851 12.8
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,760 8.4 2,200 8.5 39,038 8.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,294 6.1 1,690 6.6 28,329 6.2
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 741 3.5 971 3.8 20,038 4.4
      35.0 percent or more 3,915 18.6 4,949 19.2 76,652 16.7
             
      Not computed 512 2.4 562 2.2 4,956 1.1
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 165,105 100.0 187,085 100.0 932,949 100.0
      Less than $500 30,738 18.6 33,746 18.0 143,468 15.4
      $500 to $999 24,596 14.9 28,721 15.4 256,163 27.5
      $1,000 to $1,499 43,395 26.3 52,677 28.2 291,568 31.3
      $1,500 to $1,999 35,640 21.6 40,075 21.4 148,031 15.9
      $2,000 to $2,499 16,767 10.2 17,645 9.4 56,109 6.0
      $2,500 to $2,999 7,293 4.4 7,455 4.0 20,885 2.2
      $3,000 or more 6,676 4.0 6,766 3.6 16,725 1.8
      Median (dollars) 1,320 ... 1,298 ... 1,102  
             
      No rent paid 3,231 2.0 3,916 2.1 33,105 3.5
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 158,957 100.0 180,609 100.0 912,670 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 18,995 11.9 21,021 11.6 110,060 12.1
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 18,059 11.4 20,979 11.6 113,294 12.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 18,570 11.7 21,209 11.7 113,873 12.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 20,092 12.6 22,611 12.5 113,689 12.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 17,459 11.0 19,562 10.8 92,544 10.1
      35.0 percent or more 65,782 41.4 75,227 41.7 369,210 40.5
             
      Housing Units 9,379 5.9 10,392 5.8 53,384 5.8
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.


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