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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Cambridge, MA [2511000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Cambridge is located in Middlesex County (25017). The population of Cambridge changed from 105,019 in 2010 to 110,651 in 2016; a change of 5,632 (5.4%). The county population changed from 1,507,213 to 1,589,774, a change of 82,561 (5.5%) during the same period.

Cambridge is located in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH MSA (CBSA 14460). The CBSA population changed from 4,565,907 to 4,794,447 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 228,540 (5.0%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 10th based on 2016 population, 18th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 188th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 107,916. The population of one race include 67.7% White alone, 10.6% Black alone, 0.2% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 15.0% Asian alone, and 0.1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 8.0% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 48,415 total housing units, 43,801 were occupied housing units (households) or 90.5% of total units. Of the 16,233 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $581,700. Of the 16,233 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $1,686. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 18,505 family households, 9.0% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 14.0% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $79,416 with median family income of $104,454. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 39,143 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 5,862 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 72,618 population 25 years and over, 94.3% were high school graduates and 75.1% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Cambridge, MAMiddlesex County Massachusetts
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 105,019   1,507,213   6,565,524  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 105,770 0.72 1,523,717 1.10 6,611,923 0.71
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 106,044 0.26 1,540,330 1.09 6,658,008 0.70
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 107,640 1.51 1,556,956 1.08 6,706,786 0.73
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 109,532 1.76 1,569,953 0.83 6,749,911 0.64
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 109,856 0.30 1,581,037 0.71 6,784,240 0.51
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 110,651 0.72 1,589,774 0.55 6,811,779 0.41
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Cambridge, MAMiddlesex County Massachusetts
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 107,916 100.0 1,556,116 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      Male 52,208 48.4 758,542 48.7 3,249,650 48.5
      Female 55,708 51.6 797,574 51.3 3,455,936 51.5
             
      Under 5 years 4,683 4.3 87,800 5.6 365,841 5.5
      5 to 9 years 3,403 3.2 87,526 5.6 378,301 5.6
      10 to 14 years 2,972 2.8 90,723 5.8 400,842 6.0
      15 to 19 years 8,238 7.6 102,638 6.6 462,576 6.9
      20 to 24 years 16,002 14.8 104,405 6.7 487,516 7.3
      25 to 34 years 29,402 27.2 234,434 15.1 910,737 13.6
      35 to 44 years 12,938 12.0 209,156 13.4 848,411 12.7
      45 to 54 years 9,381 8.7 232,004 14.9 996,414 14.9
      55 to 59 years 4,635 4.3 105,950 6.8 468,267 7.0
      60 to 64 years 4,758 4.4 87,767 5.6 401,263 6.0
      65 to 74 years 6,559 6.1 114,961 7.4 534,719 8.0
      75 to 84 years 3,422 3.2 66,082 4.2 296,646 4.4
      85 years and over 1,523 1.4 32,670 2.1 154,053 2.3
             
      Median age (years) 30.5 ... 38.5 ... 39.3  
             
      18 years and over 95,164 88.2 1,233,531 79.3 5,307,957 79.2
      21 years and over 84,938 78.7 1,167,023 75.0 4,991,000 74.4
      62 years and over 14,499 13.4 264,936 17.0 1,217,841 18.2
      65 years and over 11,504 10.7 213,713 13.7 985,418 14.7
             
      18 years and over 95,164 88.2 1,233,531 79.3 5,307,957 79.2
        Male 45,882 42.5 594,103 38.2 2,535,663 37.8
        Female 49,282 45.7 639,428 41.1 2,772,294 41.3
             
      65 years and over 11,504 10.7 213,713 13.7 985,418 14.7
        Male 4,761 4.4 90,898 5.8 419,258 6.3
        Female 6,743 6.2 122,815 7.9 566,160 8.4
             
 RACE            
    Total population 107,916 100.0 1,556,116 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      One race 103,290 95.7 1,509,184 97.0 6,510,909 97.1
      Two or more races 4,626 4.3 46,932 3.0 194,677 2.9
             
    One race 103,290 95.7 1,509,184 97.0 6,510,909 97.1
      White 73,076 67.7 1,230,158 79.1 5,334,859 79.6
      Black or African American 11,476 10.6 75,980 4.9 478,947 7.1
      American Indian and Alaska Native 179 0.2 2,074 0.1 13,189 0.2
        Cherokee tribal grouping 14 0.0 74 0.0 974 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 5 0.0 17 0.0 131 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 11 0.0 57 0.0 135 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 163 0.0
      Asian 16,162 15.0 163,386 10.5 400,675 6.0
        Asian Indian 3,730 3.5 42,264 2.7 86,775 1.3
        Chinese 6,857 6.4 59,248 3.8 149,236 2.2
        Filipino 347 0.3 3,448 0.2 12,219 0.2
        Japanese 1,009 0.9 4,138 0.3 10,119 0.2
        Korean 1,871 1.7 12,066 0.8 26,421 0.4
        Vietnamese 280 0.3 9,604 0.6 47,240 0.7
        Other Asian 2,068 1.9 32,618 2.1 68,665 1.0
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 63 0.1 424 0.0 1,644 0.0
        Native Hawaiian 6 0.0 227 0.0 624 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro 12 0.0 102 0.0 349 0.0
        Samoan 9 0.0 13 0.0 184 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 36 0.0 82 0.0 487 0.0
      Some other race 2,334 2.2 37,162 2.4 281,595 4.2
    Two or more races 4,626 4.3 46,932 3.0 194,677 2.9
      White and Black or African American 907 0.8 16,524 1.1 79,023 1.2
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 328 0.3 3,524 0.2 20,130 0.3
      White and Asian 1,648 1.5 14,958 1.0 38,916 0.6
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 217 0.2 724 0.0 4,419 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 107,916 100.0 1,556,116 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      White 76,895 71.3 1,272,452 81.8 5,505,449 82.1
      Black or African American 13,090 12.1 96,223 6.2 583,006 8.7
      American Indian and Alaska Native 1,070 1.0 7,926 0.5 45,803 0.7
      Asian 18,428 17.1 182,313 11.7 451,743 6.7
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 232 0.2 1,909 0.1 8,915 0.1
      Some other race 3,344 3.1 44,935 2.9 318,379 4.7
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 107,916 100.0 1,556,116 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 8,670 8.0 113,745 7.3 707,928 10.6
        Mexican 1,430 1.3 10,885 0.7 42,031 0.6
        Puerto Rican 1,618 1.5 33,131 2.1 297,089 4.4
        Cuban 381 0.4 3,105 0.2 12,231 0.2
        Other Hispanic or Latino 5,241 4.9 66,624 4.3 356,577 5.3
      Not Hispanic or Latino 99,246 92.0 1,442,371 92.7 5,997,658 89.4
        White alone 67,973 63.0 1,162,938 74.7 4,982,325 74.3
        Black or African American alone 10,825 10.0 71,251 4.6 434,326 6.5
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 129 0.1 1,390 0.1 7,947 0.1
        Asian alone 16,118 14.9 162,791 10.5 398,722 5.9
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 42 0.0 310 0.0 1,275 0.0
        Some other race alone 296 0.3 7,700 0.5 42,513 0.6
        Two or more races 3,863 3.6 35,991 2.3 130,550 1.9
         Two races including Some other race 455 0.4 4,186 0.3 14,915 0.2
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 3,408 3.2 31,805 2.0 115,635 1.7
             
    Total housing units 48,415 ... 617,089 ... 2,827,820  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 78,390 72.6 1,087,546 69.9 4,850,598 72.3
      Male 36,847 34.1 520,766 33.5 2,303,769 34.4
      Female 41,543 38.5 566,780 36.4 2,546,829 38.0
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Cambridge, MAMiddlesex County Massachusetts
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 43,801 100.0 585,642 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      Family households (families) 18,505 42.2 376,456 64.3 1,620,917 63.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 7,483 17.1 171,925 29.4 709,541 27.8
      Married-couple family 13,748 31.4 299,896 51.2 1,195,878 46.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 5,555 12.7 136,703 23.3 492,716 19.3
      Male householder, no wife present, family 1,112 2.5 19,756 3.4 104,560 4.1
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 333 0.8 6,805 1.2 42,698 1.7
      Female householder, no husband present, family 3,645 8.3 56,804 9.7 320,479 12.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 1,595 3.6 28,417 4.9 174,127 6.8
      Nonfamily households 25,296 57.8 209,186 35.7 928,804 36.4
        Householder living alone 17,343 39.6 159,630 27.3 732,066 28.7
         65 years and over 4,692 10.7 60,911 10.4 288,085 11.3
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 7,930 18.1 183,110 31.3 774,788 30.4
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 8,861 20.2 151,589 25.9 697,846 27.4
             
      Average household size 2.07 ... 2.56 ... 2.53  
      Average family size 2.78 ... 3.16 ... 3.15  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 90,786 100.0 1,497,180 100.0 6,456,367 100.0
      Householder 43,801 48.2 585,642 39.1 2,549,721 39.5
      Spouse 13,806 15.2 299,813 20.0 1,194,924 18.5
      Child 15,953 17.6 435,400 29.1 1,908,933 29.6
      Other relatives 3,097 3.4 77,366 5.2 377,606 5.8
      Nonrelatives 14,129 15.6 98,959 6.6 425,183 6.6
        Unmarried partner 3,424 3.8 33,634 2.2 163,092 2.5
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 46,651 100.0 623,095 100.0 2,665,096 100.0
      Never married 27,813 59.6 236,734 38.0 1,040,150 39.0
      Now married, except separated 15,552 33.3 324,356 52.1 1,304,472 48.9
      Separated 403 0.9 7,114 1.1 41,605 1.6
      Widowed 532 1.1 14,009 2.2 66,656 2.5
      Divorced 2,351 5.0 40,882 6.6 212,213 8.0
             
    Females 15 years and over 50,207 100.0 666,972 100.0 2,895,506 100.0
      Never married 27,362 54.5 217,847 32.7 975,464 33.7
      Now married, except separated 15,415 30.7 322,704 48.4 1,285,690 44.4
      Separated 852 1.7 11,273 1.7 61,876 2.1
      Widowed 2,305 4.6 51,390 7.7 253,428 8.8
      Divorced 4,273 8.5 63,758 9.6 319,048 11.0
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 1,291 100.0 18,821 100.0 75,363 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 132 10.2 3,462 18.4 22,925 30.4
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 5 0.4 16 0.1 23 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 36 2.8 48 0.3 45 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 3 0.2 8 0.0 9 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 35 2.7 69 0.4 72 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 54 4.2 39 0.2 30 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 612 100.0 24,679 100.0 122,338 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 286 46.7 5,475 22.2 35,407 28.9
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 81 13.2 1,161 4.7 7,385 6.0
        1 or 2 years 66 10.8 1,237 5.0 7,877 6.4
        3 or 4 years 49 8.0 1,053 4.3 6,050 4.9
        5 or more years 90 14.7 2,024 8.2 14,095 11.5
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 286 100.0 5,475 100.0 35,407 100.0
      Who are female 199 69.6 3,602 65.8 22,984 64.9
      Who are married 131 45.8 3,720 67.9 23,742 67.1
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 39,143 100.0 413,644 100.0 1,755,492 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 1,230 3.1 28,922 7.0 113,148 6.4
      Kindergarten 1,038 2.7 18,868 4.6 79,335 4.5
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 4,824 12.3 141,029 34.1 623,655 35.5
      High school (grades 9-12) 2,105 5.4 76,747 18.6 342,333 19.5
      College or graduate school 29,946 76.5 148,078 35.8 597,021 34.0
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 72,618 100.0 1,083,024 100.0 4,610,510 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 1,907 2.6 39,313 3.6 220,055 4.8
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 2,206 3.0 42,732 3.9 251,050 5.4
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 6,874 9.5 228,636 21.1 1,169,375 25.4
      Some college, no degree 5,559 7.7 143,003 13.2 745,794 16.2
      Associate's degree 1,561 2.1 66,117 6.1 357,133 7.7
      Bachelor's degree 20,872 28.7 284,006 26.2 1,049,150 22.8
      Graduate or professional degree 33,639 46.3 279,217 25.8 817,953 17.7
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 94.30 ... 92.40 ... 89.80  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 75.10 ... 52.00 ... 40.50  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 95,096 100.0 1,232,059 100.0 5,303,395 100.0
      Civilian veterans 2,403 2.5 67,017 5.4 355,083 6.7
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 107,534 100.0 1,540,469 100.0 6,627,768 100.0
      With a disability 7,385 6.9 138,571 9.0 763,526 11.5
             
    Under 18 years 12,752 11.9 321,884 20.9 1,394,267 21.0
      With a disability 317 0.3 11,023 0.7 63,543 1.0
             
    18 to 64 years 83,563 77.7 1,011,846 65.7 4,286,479 64.7
      With a disability 3,909 3.6 63,702 4.1 383,623 5.8
             
    65 years and over 11,219 10.4 206,739 13.4 947,022 14.3
      With a disability 3,159 2.9 63,846 4.1 316,360 4.8
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 106,666 100.0 1,538,497 100.0 6,635,154 100.0
      Same house 80,267 75.3 1,330,983 86.5 5,776,664 87.1
      Different house in the U.S. 21,789 20.4 186,724 12.1 795,909 12.0
        Same county 10,117 9.5 108,071 7.0 477,074 7.2
        Different county 11,672 10.9 78,653 5.1 318,835 4.8
         Same state 4,252 4.0 39,718 2.6 179,215 2.7
         Different state 7,420 7.0 38,935 2.5 139,620 2.1
      Abroad 4,610 4.3 20,790 1.4 62,581 0.9
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 107,916 100.0 1,556,116 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      Native 78,685 72.9 1,247,405 80.2 5,667,459 84.5
        Born in United States 76,136 70.6 1,219,566 78.4 5,487,257 81.8
         State of residence 34,515 32.0 882,651 56.7 4,171,068 62.2
         Different state 41,621 38.6 336,915 21.7 1,316,189 19.6
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 2,549 2.4 27,839 1.8 180,202 2.7
      Foreign born 29,231 27.1 308,711 19.8 1,038,127 15.5
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 29,231 100.0 308,711 100.0 1,038,127 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 11,535 39.5 150,226 48.7 539,588 52.0
      Not a U.S. citizen 17,696 60.5 158,485 51.3 498,539 48.0
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 31,780 100.0 336,550 100.0 1,218,329 100.0
             
      Native 2,549 8.0 27,839 8.3 180,202 14.8
        Entered 2010 or later 342 1.1 2,853 0.8 19,837 1.6
        Entered before 2010 2,207 6.9 24,986 7.4 160,365 13.2
             
      Foreign born 29,231 92.0 308,711 91.7 1,038,127 85.2
        Entered 2010 or later 8,044 25.3 44,025 13.1 136,620 11.2
        Entered before 2010 21,187 66.7 264,686 78.6 901,507 74.0
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 29,231 100.0 308,711 100.0 1,038,127 100.0
      Europe 6,724 23.0 62,861 20.4 232,875 22.4
      Asia 11,499 39.3 124,052 40.2 310,469 29.9
      Africa 3,005 10.3 19,998 6.5 91,802 8.8
      Oceania 385 1.3 1,591 0.5 3,622 0.3
      Latin America 6,229 21.3 90,640 29.4 368,243 35.5
      Northern America 1,389 4.8 9,569 3.1 31,116 3.0
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 103,233 100.0 1,468,316 100.0 6,339,745 100.0
      English only 70,245 68.0 1,093,870 74.5 4,912,310 77.5
      Language other than English 32,988 32.0 374,446 25.5 1,427,435 22.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 8,021 7.8 136,325 9.3 565,818 8.9
      Spanish 6,733 6.5 83,926 5.7 534,262 8.4
        Speak English less than "very well" 1,556 1.5 31,458 2.1 222,343 3.5
      Other Indo-European languages 13,774 13.3 169,418 11.5 555,957 8.8
        Speak English less than "very well" 3,022 2.9 55,983 3.8 192,909 3.0
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 8,994 8.7 97,596 6.6 255,829 4.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 2,443 2.4 41,644 2.8 123,528 1.9
      Other languages 3,487 3.4 23,506 1.6 81,387 1.3
        Speak English less than "very well" 1,000 1.0 7,240 0.5 27,038 0.4
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 107,916 100.0 1,556,116 100.0 6,705,586 100.0
      American 3,973 3.7 62,274 4.0 302,332 4.5
      Arab 1,393 1.3 17,399 1.1 73,044 1.1
      Czech 555 0.5 3,164 0.2 12,401 0.2
      Danish 403 0.4 4,693 0.3 15,444 0.2
      Dutch 967 0.9 10,535 0.7 41,749 0.6
      English 8,924 8.3 149,759 9.6 674,547 10.1
      French (except Basque) 3,041 2.8 73,454 4.7 476,009 7.1
      French Canadian 1,911 1.8 52,002 3.3 257,536 3.8
      German 9,816 9.1 103,910 6.7 409,989 6.1
      Greek 1,407 1.3 24,825 1.6 83,701 1.2
      Hungarian 660 0.6 5,965 0.4 18,986 0.3
      Irish 13,990 13.0 333,007 21.4 1,447,795 21.6
      Italian 8,675 8.0 234,085 15.0 904,533 13.5
      Lithuanian 691 0.6 9,712 0.6 47,248 0.7
      Norwegian 728 0.7 9,287 0.6 35,009 0.5
      Polish 3,982 3.7 56,473 3.6 318,258 4.7
      Portuguese 2,429 2.3 45,672 2.9 301,716 4.5
      Russian 3,499 3.2 37,971 2.4 114,527 1.7
      Scotch-Irish 700 0.6 10,649 0.7 42,828 0.6
      Scottish 2,258 2.1 36,921 2.4 154,536 2.3
      Slovak 160 0.1 1,693 0.1 6,086 0.1
      Subsaharan African 3,393 3.1 20,079 1.3 129,528 1.9
      Swedish 1,262 1.2 23,631 1.5 113,310 1.7
      Swiss 431 0.4 3,516 0.2 10,986 0.2
      Ukrainian 560 0.5 6,271 0.4 23,501 0.4
      Welsh 652 0.6 5,801 0.4 23,016 0.3
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 3,198 3.0 26,281 1.7 127,976 1.9
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Cambridge, MAMiddlesex County Massachusetts
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 96,423 100.0 1,272,238 100.0 5,479,502 100.0
      In labor force 66,356 68.8 888,057 69.8 3,700,701 67.5
        Civilian labor force 66,288 68.7 886,585 69.7 3,696,139 67.5
         Employed 62,998 65.3 832,753 65.5 3,415,975 62.3
         Unemployed 3,290 3.4 53,832 4.2 280,164 5.1
        Armed Forces 68 0.1 1,472 0.1 4,562 0.1
      Not in labor force 30,067 31.2 384,181 30.2 1,778,801 32.5
             
    Civilian labor force 66,288 68.7 886,585 69.7 3,696,139 67.5
      Unemployment Rate 5.0 ... 6.1 ... 7.6  
             
    Females 16 years and over 49,931 51.8 658,217 51.7 2,855,334 52.1
      In labor force 33,236 34.5 426,644 33.5 1,811,178 33.1
        Civilian labor force 33,225 34.5 426,433 33.5 1,810,597 33.0
         Employed 31,680 32.9 401,369 31.5 1,684,873 30.7
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 5,411 5.6 103,181 8.1 428,524 7.8
      All parents in family in labor force 3,722 3.9 71,471 5.6 301,890 5.5
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 6,737 7.0 211,507 16.6 917,378 16.7
      All parents in family in labor force 5,180 5.4 156,732 12.3 689,815 12.6
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 61,228 100.0 816,737 100.0 3,346,749 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 17,359 28.4 562,355 68.9 2,390,090 71.4
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 2,304 3.8 61,105 7.5 258,094 7.7
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 17,526 28.6 93,158 11.4 327,144 9.8
      Walked 14,598 23.8 39,939 4.9 161,164 4.8
      Other means 4,907 8.0 18,087 2.2 58,506 1.7
      Worked at home 4,534 7.4 42,093 5.2 151,751 4.5
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 25 ... 29 ... 29  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 62,998 100.0 832,753 100.0 3,415,975 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 45,157 71.7 444,974 53.4 1,510,715 44.2
      Service occupations 6,044 9.6 121,138 14.5 602,742 17.6
      Sales and office occupations 8,990 14.3 164,821 19.8 767,408 22.5
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 931 1.5 47,350 5.7 235,906 6.9
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 1,876 3.0 54,470 6.5 299,204 8.8
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 62,998 100.0 832,753 100.0 3,415,975 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 71 0.1 1,676 0.2 13,750 0.4
      Construction 687 1.1 39,190 4.7 184,928 5.4
      Manufacturing 3,576 5.7 82,230 9.9 313,474 9.2
      Wholesale trade 702 1.1 16,582 2.0 81,114 2.4
      Retail trade 3,300 5.2 75,933 9.1 368,117 10.8
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 986 1.6 23,244 2.8 123,362 3.6
      Information 2,182 3.5 25,246 3.0 79,113 2.3
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 3,876 6.2 59,785 7.2 258,699 7.6
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 12,994 20.6 145,901 17.5 452,017 13.2
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 26,318 41.8 233,724 28.1 954,668 27.9
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 3,988 6.3 64,143 7.7 299,467 8.8
      Other services, except public administration 2,393 3.8 36,144 4.3 151,201 4.4
      Public administration 1,925 3.1 28,955 3.5 136,065 4.0
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 62,998 100.0 832,753 100.0 3,415,975 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 54,363 86.3 689,215 82.8 2,780,525 81.4
      Government workers 5,158 8.2 88,978 10.7 424,079 12.4
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 3,417 5.4 53,781 6.5 207,125 6.1
      Unpaid family workers 60 0.1 779 0.1 4,246 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 43,801 100.0 585,642 100.0 2,549,721 100.0
      Less than $10,000 3,387 7.7 27,460 4.7 155,390 6.1
      $10,000 to $14,999 2,269 5.2 21,953 3.7 131,036 5.1
      $15,000 to $24,999 2,965 6.8 39,462 6.7 217,314 8.5
      $25,000 to $34,999 2,454 5.6 36,514 6.2 196,102 7.7
      $35,000 to $49,999 3,764 8.6 50,992 8.7 266,140 10.4
      $50,000 to $74,999 6,024 13.8 85,542 14.6 402,960 15.8
      $75,000 to $99,999 5,277 12.0 71,918 12.3 317,568 12.5
      $100,000 to $149,999 7,480 17.1 111,274 19.0 429,874 16.9
      $150,000 to $199,999 4,053 9.3 61,930 10.6 206,541 8.1
      $200,000 or more 6,128 14.0 78,597 13.4 226,796 8.9
      Median household income (dollars) 79,416 ... 85,118 ... 68,563  
      Mean household income (dollars) 115,608 ... 114,411 ... 94,143  
             
      With earnings 36,388 83.1 480,983 82.1 2,006,150 78.7
        Mean earnings (dollars) 113,774 ... 117,782 ... 98,816  
      With Social Security 8,453 19.3 150,183 25.6 735,549 28.8
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 16,539 ... 18,591 ... 17,474  
      With retirement income 4,021 9.2 85,024 14.5 409,904 16.1
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 28,830 ... 26,880 ... 25,918  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 1,315 3.0 24,564 4.2 160,622 6.3
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 9,231 ... 9,981 ... 9,830  
      With cash public assistance income 905 2.1 11,637 2.0 76,066 3.0
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 5,796 ... 4,687 ... 4,440  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 3,389 7.7 45,080 7.7 319,009 12.5
             
    Families 18,505 100.0 376,456 100.0 1,620,917 100.0
      Less than $10,000 831 4.5 9,959 2.6 58,643 3.6
      $10,000 to $14,999 526 2.8 5,741 1.5 40,017 2.5
      $15,000 to $24,999 1,051 5.7 14,871 4.0 91,112 5.6
      $25,000 to $34,999 706 3.8 18,138 4.8 104,852 6.5
      $35,000 to $49,999 1,527 8.3 28,090 7.5 153,203 9.5
      $50,000 to $74,999 2,072 11.2 49,445 13.1 249,664 15.4
      $75,000 to $99,999 2,168 11.7 46,890 12.5 223,266 13.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 3,292 17.8 83,170 22.1 332,072 20.5
      $150,000 to $199,999 2,216 12.0 50,789 13.5 171,808 10.6
      $200,000 or more 4,116 22.2 69,363 18.4 196,280 12.1
      Median family income (dollars) 104,454 ... 107,772 ... 87,085  
      Mean family income (dollars) 151,584 ... 138,075 ... 112,945  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 49,453 ... 44,152 ... 36,895  
             
    Nonfamily households 25,296 ... 209,186 ... 928,804  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 63,414 ... 50,439 ... 39,687  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 87,904 ... 68,610 ... 57,923  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 37,984 ... 43,121 ... 37,452  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 67,134 ... 71,659 ... 61,768  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 60,476 ... 55,583 ... 50,147  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 107,534 100.0 1,540,469 100.0 6,627,768 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 104,670 97.3 1,490,008 96.7 6,391,805 96.4
        With private health insurance 91,229 84.8 1,243,021 80.7 4,937,598 74.5
        With public coverage 22,008 20.5 418,997 27.2 2,268,955 34.2
      No health insurance coverage 2,864 2.7 50,461 3.3 235,963 3.6
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 12,752 100.0 321,884 100.0 1,394,267 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 241 ... 4,360 ... 20,398  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 83,563 100.0 1,011,846 100.0 4,286,479 100.0
      In labor force: 62,759 75.1 825,563 81.6 3,436,866 80.2
        Employed: 59,565 71.3 776,280 76.7 3,182,487 74.2
         With health insurance coverage 58,071 69.5 745,524 73.7 3,044,379 71.0
         With private health insurance 55,171 66.0 685,728 67.8 2,705,745 63.1
         With public coverage 3,829 4.6 75,210 7.4 417,865 9.7
         No health insurance coverage 1,494 1.8 30,756 3.0 138,108 3.2
        Unemployed: 3,194 3.8 49,283 4.9 254,379 5.9
         With health insurance coverage 2,932 3.5 43,103 4.3 220,363 5.1
         With private health insurance 2,011 2.4 27,674 2.7 120,475 2.8
         With public coverage 1,060 1.3 17,378 1.7 110,398 2.6
         No health insurance coverage 262 0.3 6,180 0.6 34,016 0.8
      Not in labor force: 20,804 24.9 186,283 18.4 849,613 19.8
        With health insurance coverage 20,021 24.0 178,134 17.6 809,810 18.9
         With private health insurance 17,061 20.4 129,483 12.8 490,977 11.5
         With public coverage 3,752 4.5 60,360 6.0 379,979 8.9
        No health insurance coverage 783 0.9 8,149 0.8 39,803 0.9
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 9.0 ... 5.6 ... 8.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 13.2 ... 8.1 ... 13.1  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 10.8 ... 7.8 ... 12.3  
    Married couple families 4.5 ... 2.6 ... 3.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 6.4 ... 2.9 ... 3.9  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 9.7 ... 3.1 ... 3.6  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 22.9 ... 20.2 ... 25.5  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 32.8 ... 28.8 ... 35.3  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 17.5 ... 33.7 ... 39.2  
             
    All people 14.0 ... 8.3 ... 11.6  
    Under 18 years 14.9 ... 9.2 ... 15.2  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 14.7 ... 9.0 ... 14.8  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 13.9 ... 10.8 ... 17.0  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 15.1 ... 8.3 ... 14.0  
    18 years and over 13.8 ... 8.1 ... 10.6  
    18 to 64 years 14.1 ... 8.2 ... 10.9  
    65 years and over 12.5 ... 7.6 ... 9.2  
    People in families 9.3 ... 5.6 ... 8.5  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 20.0 ... 18.7 ... 23.1  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Cambridge, MAMiddlesex County Massachusetts
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 48,415 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
      Occupied housing units 43,801 90.5 2,986 85.2 2,986 85.2
      Vacant housing units 4,614 9.5 520 14.8 520 14.8
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 0.80 ... 1.70 ... 1.70  
      Rental vacancy rate 3.30 ... 4.10 ... 4.10  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 48,415 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1-unit, detached 4,342 9.0 2,327 66.4 2,327 66.4
    1-unit, attached 3,066 6.3 58 1.7 58 1.7
    2 units 6,250 12.9 62 1.8 62 1.8
    3 or 4 units 8,986 18.6 35 1.0 35 1.0
    5 to 9 units 5,508 11.4 64 1.8 64 1.8
    10 to 19 units 3,825 7.9 19 0.5 19 0.5
    20 or more units 16,368 33.8 78 2.2 78 2.2
    Mobile home 23 0.0 860 24.5 860 24.5
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 47 0.1 3 0.1 3 0.1
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 48,415 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 64 0.1 17 0.5 17 0.5
    Built 2010 to 2013 419 0.9 43 1.2 43 1.2
    Built 2000 to 2009 4,229 8.7 449 12.8 449 12.8
    Built 1990 to 1999 2,265 4.7 362 10.3 362 10.3
    Built 1980 to 1989 3,266 6.7 525 15.0 525 15.0
    Built 1970 to 1979 3,971 8.2 648 18.5 648 18.5
    Built 1960 to 1969 3,150 6.5 252 7.2 252 7.2
    Built 1950 to 1959 2,586 5.3 541 15.4 541 15.4
    Built 1940 to 1949 2,929 6.0 284 8.1 284 8.1
    Built 1939 or earlier 25,536 52.7 385 11.0 385 11.0
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 48,415 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1 room 3,060 6.3 118 3.4 118 3.4
    2 rooms 3,353 6.9 74 2.1 74 2.1
    3 rooms 10,486 21.7 246 7.0 246 7.0
    4 rooms 11,316 23.4 599 17.1 599 17.1
    5 rooms 7,920 16.4 762 21.7 762 21.7
    6 rooms 5,303 11.0 614 17.5 614 17.5
    7 rooms 2,785 5.8 489 13.9 489 13.9
    8 rooms 1,692 3.5 269 7.7 269 7.7
    9 rooms or more 2,500 5.2 335 9.6 335 9.6
    Median rooms 4 ... 5 ... 5  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 48,415 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    No bedroom 3,439 7.1 118 3.4 118 3.4
    1 bedroom 14,203 29.3 296 8.4 296 8.4
    2 bedrooms 17,643 36.4 892 25.4 892 25.4
    3 bedrooms 8,373 17.3 1,426 40.7 1,426 40.7
    4 bedrooms 3,211 6.6 717 20.5 717 20.5
    5 or more bedrooms 1,546 3.2 57 1.6 57 1.6
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 43,801 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Owner-occupied 16,233 37.1 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Renter-occupied 27,568 62.9 656 22.0 656 22.0
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 43,801 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 593 1.4 28 0.9 28 0.9
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 19,075 43.5 736 24.6 736 24.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 14,146 32.3 1,260 42.2 1,260 42.2
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 4,937 11.3 390 13.1 390 13.1
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 2,591 5.9 277 9.3 277 9.3
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 2,459 5.6 295 9.9 295 9.9
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 43,801 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      No vehicles available 13,420 30.6 215 7.2 215 7.2
      1 vehicle available 21,751 49.7 618 20.7 618 20.7
      2 vehicles available 7,097 16.2 952 31.9 952 31.9
      3 or more vehicles available 1,533 3.5 1,201 40.2 1,201 40.2
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 43,801 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Utility gas 28,691 65.5 1,208 40.5 1,208 40.5
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 1,085 2.5 817 27.4 817 27.4
      Electricity 8,898 20.3 679 22.7 679 22.7
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 3,661 8.4 11 0.4 11 0.4
      Coal or coke 16 0.0 68 2.3 68 2.3
      Wood 10 0.0 186 6.2 186 6.2
      Solar energy 71 0.2 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Other fuel 253 0.6 17 0.6 17 0.6
      No fuel used 1,116 2.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 43,801 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 207 0.5 60 2.0 60 2.0
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 348 0.8 68 2.3 68 2.3
      No telephone service available 1,139 2.6 59 2.0 59 2.0
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 43,801 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      1.00 or less 42,958 98.1 2,900 97.1 2,900 97.1
      1.01 to 1.50 428 1.0 34 1.1 34 1.1
      1.51 or more 415 0.9 52 1.7 52 1.7
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 16,233 37.1 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Less than $50,000 187 0.4 358 12.0 358 12.0
      $50,000 to $99,999 48 0.1 361 12.1 361 12.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 92 0.2 276 9.2 276 9.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 275 0.6 383 12.8 383 12.8
      $200,000 to $299,999 779 1.8 622 20.8 622 20.8
      $300,000 to $499,999 5,235 12.0 233 7.8 233 7.8
      $500,000 to $999,999 6,992 16.0 90 3.0 90 3.0
      $1,000,000 or more 2,625 6.0 7 0.2 7 0.2
      Median (dollars) 581,700 ... 178,200 ... 178,200  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 16,233 100.0 2,330 100.0 2,330 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 10,954 67.5 1,012 43.4 1,012 43.4
      Housing units without a mortgage 5,279 32.5 1,318 56.6 1,318 56.6
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 10,954 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than $500 53 0.5 52 5.1 52 5.1
      $500 to $999 362 3.3 255 25.2 255 25.2
      $1,000 to $1,499 1,131 10.3 432 42.7 432 42.7
      $1,500 to $1,999 1,880 17.2 221 21.8 221 21.8
      $2,000 to $2,499 2,582 23.6 36 3.6 36 3.6
      $2,500 to $2,999 1,690 15.4 8 0.8 8 0.8
      $3,000 or more 3,256 29.7 8 0.8 8 0.8
      Median (dollars) 2,397 ... 1,303 ... 1,303  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 5,279 100.0 1,318 100.0 1,318 100.0
      Less than $250 163 3.1 255 19.3 255 19.3
      $250 to $399 423 8.0 462 35.1 462 35.1
      $400 to $599 1,086 20.6 471 35.7 471 35.7
      $600 to $799 1,183 22.4 93 7.1 93 7.1
      $800 to $999 944 17.9 37 2.8 37 2.8
      $1,000 or more 1,480 28.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 763 ... 380 ... 380  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 10,916 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 4,810 44.1 480 47.4 480 47.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,635 15.0 167 16.5 167 16.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,201 11.0 108 10.7 108 10.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 828 7.6 55 5.4 55 5.4
      35.0 percent or more 2,442 22.4 202 20.0 202 20.0
             
      Not computed 38 0.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 5,171 100.0 1,298 100.0 1,298 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 2,259 43.7 774 59.6 774 59.6
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 888 17.2 202 15.6 202 15.6
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 438 8.5 73 5.6 73 5.6
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 419 8.1 39 3.0 39 3.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 214 4.1 58 4.5 58 4.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 138 2.7 64 4.9 64 4.9
      35.0 percent or more 815 15.8 88 6.8 88 6.8
             
      Not computed 108 2.1 20 1.5 20 1.5
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 26,973 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than $500 2,710 10.0 124 22.4 124 22.4
      $500 to $999 2,601 9.6 282 50.9 282 50.9
      $1,000 to $1,499 5,341 19.8 91 16.4 91 16.4
      $1,500 to $1,999 7,629 28.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $2,000 to $2,499 4,370 16.2 57 10.3 57 10.3
      $2,500 to $2,999 2,526 9.4 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $3,000 or more 1,796 6.7 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 1,686 ... 740 ... 740  
             
      No rent paid 595 2.2 102 18.4 102 18.4
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 26,174 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 3,482 13.3 200 36.1 200 36.1
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 3,434 13.1 84 15.2 84 15.2
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 3,631 13.9 55 9.9 55 9.9
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 3,525 13.5 37 6.7 37 6.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 2,260 8.6 10 1.8 10 1.8
      35.0 percent or more 9,842 37.6 168 30.3 168 30.3
             
      Housing Units 1,394 5.3 102 18.4 102 18.4
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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