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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Albany, NY [3601000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Albany is located in Albany County (36001). The population of Albany changed from 97,735 in 2010 to 98,111 in 2016; a change of 376 (0.4%). The county population changed from 304,078 to 308,846, a change of 4,768 (1.6%) during the same period.

Albany is located in the Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA (CBSA 10580). The CBSA population changed from 871,103 to 881,839 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 10,736 (1.2%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 63rd based on 2016 population, 173rd based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 448th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 98,468. The population of one race include 55.5% White alone, 29.9% Black alone, 0.3% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 7.0% Asian alone, and 0.1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 9.6% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 47,191 total housing units, 40,283 were occupied housing units (households) or 85.4% of total units. Of the 15,094 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $171,400. Of the 15,094 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $857. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 16,198 family households, 18.0% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 26.8% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $40,949 with median family income of $58,260. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 32,622 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 8,055 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 59,907 population 25 years and over, 89.6% were high school graduates and 36.4% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Albany, NYAlbany County New York
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 97,735   304,078   19,402,640  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 98,035 0.31 305,019 0.31 19,519,529 0.60
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 98,521 0.50 306,384 0.45 19,602,769 0.43
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 98,637 0.12 307,496 0.36 19,673,546 0.36
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 98,537 -0.10 308,295 0.26 19,718,515 0.23
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 98,268 -0.27 308,432 0.04 19,747,183 0.15
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 98,111 -0.16 308,846 0.13 19,745,289 -0.01
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Albany, NYAlbany County New York
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 98,468 100.0 307,463 100.0 19,673,174 100.0
      Male 46,565 47.3 148,776 48.4 9,541,801 48.5
      Female 51,903 52.7 158,687 51.6 10,131,373 51.5
             
      Under 5 years 5,334 5.4 15,361 5.0 1,176,432 6.0
      5 to 9 years 4,288 4.4 15,429 5.0 1,150,246 5.8
      10 to 14 years 4,657 4.7 17,055 5.5 1,179,723 6.0
      15 to 19 years 9,093 9.2 24,278 7.9 1,293,794 6.6
      20 to 24 years 15,189 15.4 31,316 10.2 1,437,184 7.3
      25 to 34 years 16,221 16.5 39,963 13.0 2,803,612 14.3
      35 to 44 years 10,389 10.6 35,118 11.4 2,528,797 12.9
      45 to 54 years 10,787 11.0 42,790 13.9 2,819,175 14.3
      55 to 59 years 5,631 5.7 21,819 7.1 1,318,765 6.7
      60 to 64 years 4,700 4.8 18,669 6.1 1,145,011 5.8
      65 to 74 years 6,400 6.5 24,132 7.8 1,537,968 7.8
      75 to 84 years 3,453 3.5 14,200 4.6 863,826 4.4
      85 years and over 2,326 2.4 7,333 2.4 418,641 2.1
             
      Median age (years) 31.2 ... 37.9 ... 38.1  
             
      18 years and over 81,648 82.9 248,502 80.8 15,421,400 78.4
      21 years and over 72,089 73.2 229,276 74.6 14,570,061 74.1
      62 years and over 14,964 15.2 56,833 18.5 3,480,521 17.7
      65 years and over 12,179 12.4 45,665 14.9 2,820,435 14.3
             
      18 years and over 81,648 82.9 248,502 80.8 15,421,400 78.4
        Male 38,515 39.1 118,673 38.6 7,367,176 37.4
        Female 43,133 43.8 129,829 42.2 8,054,224 40.9
             
      65 years and over 12,179 12.4 45,665 14.9 2,820,435 14.3
        Male 4,557 4.6 19,105 6.2 1,189,174 6.0
        Female 7,622 7.7 26,560 8.6 1,631,261 8.3
             
 RACE            
    Total population 98,468 100.0 307,463 100.0 19,673,174 100.0
      One race 93,554 95.0 297,564 96.8 19,112,295 97.1
      Two or more races 4,914 5.0 9,899 3.2 560,879 2.9
             
    One race 93,554 95.0 297,564 96.8 19,112,295 97.1
      White 54,631 55.5 236,881 77.0 12,704,637 64.6
      Black or African American 29,478 29.9 38,612 12.6 3,070,392 15.6
      American Indian and Alaska Native 251 0.3 411 0.1 74,793 0.4
        Cherokee tribal grouping 14 0.0 22 0.0 4,014 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 464 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 280 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 10 0.0 10 0.0 316 0.0
      Asian 6,903 7.0 17,442 5.7 1,570,223 8.0
        Asian Indian 1,265 1.3 5,105 1.7 351,953 1.8
        Chinese 1,856 1.9 4,307 1.4 660,089 3.4
        Filipino 688 0.7 1,438 0.5 114,070 0.6
        Japanese 149 0.2 414 0.1 37,552 0.2
        Korean 554 0.6 1,694 0.6 133,332 0.7
        Vietnamese 177 0.2 457 0.1 29,535 0.2
        Other Asian 2,214 2.2 4,027 1.3 243,692 1.2
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 58 0.1 174 0.1 6,485 0.0
        Native Hawaiian 52 0.1 147 0.0 2,000 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro 0 0.0 0 0.0 943 0.0
        Samoan 0 0.0 18 0.0 580 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 6 0.0 9 0.0 2,962 0.0
      Some other race 2,233 2.3 4,044 1.3 1,685,765 8.6
    Two or more races 4,914 5.0 9,899 3.2 560,879 2.9
      White and Black or African American 2,716 2.8 4,812 1.6 154,266 0.8
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 350 0.4 888 0.3 56,087 0.3
      White and Asian 451 0.5 1,413 0.5 98,862 0.5
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 132 0.1 237 0.1 22,691 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 98,468 100.0 307,463 100.0 19,673,174 100.0
      White 58,809 59.7 245,483 79.8 13,131,658 66.7
      Black or African American 33,190 33.7 45,272 14.7 3,344,602 17.0
      American Indian and Alaska Native 1,087 1.1 2,441 0.8 193,357 1.0
      Asian 7,665 7.8 19,713 6.4 1,733,149 8.8
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 120 0.1 464 0.2 26,560 0.1
      Some other race 2,990 3.0 5,367 1.7 1,853,699 9.4
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 98,468 100.0 307,463 100.0 19,673,174 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 9,408 9.6 16,987 5.5 3,619,658 18.4
        Mexican 452 0.5 1,430 0.5 472,979 2.4
        Puerto Rican 5,592 5.7 9,385 3.1 1,111,700 5.7
        Cuban 341 0.3 561 0.2 75,349 0.4
        Other Hispanic or Latino 3,023 3.1 5,611 1.8 1,959,630 10.0
      Not Hispanic or Latino 89,060 90.4 290,476 94.5 16,053,516 81.6
        White alone 50,394 51.2 228,043 74.2 11,170,518 56.8
        Black or African American alone 27,882 28.3 36,363 11.8 2,831,813 14.4
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 241 0.2 401 0.1 46,324 0.2
        Asian alone 6,892 7.0 17,406 5.7 1,558,536 7.9
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 55 0.1 171 0.1 4,756 0.0
        Some other race alone 111 0.1 362 0.1 101,300 0.5
        Two or more races 3,485 3.5 7,730 2.5 340,269 1.7
         Two races including Some other race 227 0.2 490 0.2 37,363 0.2
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 3,258 3.3 7,240 2.4 302,906 1.5
             
    Total housing units 47,191 ... 138,081 ... 8,171,725  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 76,651 77.8 238,187 77.5 13,531,404 68.8
      Male 36,085 36.6 113,617 37.0 6,425,261 32.7
      Female 40,566 41.2 124,570 40.5 7,106,143 36.1
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Albany, NYAlbany County New York
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 40,283 100.0 123,451 100.0 7,262,279 100.0
      Family households (families) 16,198 40.2 67,890 55.0 4,625,960 63.7
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 6,613 16.4 27,343 22.1 2,006,845 27.6
      Married-couple family 8,859 22.0 49,482 40.1 3,194,010 44.0
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 3,064 7.6 18,110 14.7 1,320,753 18.2
      Male householder, no wife present, family 1,464 3.6 4,722 3.8 360,634 5.0
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 431 1.1 2,020 1.6 146,909 2.0
      Female householder, no husband present, family 5,875 14.6 13,686 11.1 1,071,316 14.8
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 3,118 7.7 7,213 5.8 539,183 7.4
      Nonfamily households 24,085 59.8 55,561 45.0 2,636,319 36.3
        Householder living alone 18,128 45.0 44,018 35.7 2,155,282 29.7
         65 years and over 4,790 11.9 14,439 11.7 806,393 11.1
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 7,476 18.6 29,814 24.2 2,243,159 30.9
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 8,898 22.1 32,176 26.1 2,010,782 27.7
             
      Average household size 2.19 ... 2.35 ... 2.63  
      Average family size 3.26 ... 3.13 ... 3.30  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 88,091 100.0 290,250 100.0 19,093,919 100.0
      Householder 40,283 45.7 123,451 42.5 7,262,279 38.0
      Spouse 8,946 10.2 49,354 17.0 3,191,900 16.7
      Child 21,189 24.1 80,531 27.7 5,897,444 30.9
      Other relatives 6,523 7.4 14,557 5.0 1,557,437 8.2
      Nonrelatives 11,150 12.7 22,357 7.7 1,184,859 6.2
        Unmarried partner 3,547 4.0 9,223 3.2 438,390 2.3
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 39,823 100.0 124,312 100.0 7,748,400 100.0
      Never married 25,888 65.0 56,942 45.8 3,171,691 40.9
      Now married, except separated 10,070 25.3 53,008 42.6 3,651,381 47.1
      Separated 492 1.2 1,839 1.5 164,256 2.1
      Widowed 821 2.1 3,128 2.5 200,310 2.6
      Divorced 2,552 6.4 9,395 7.6 560,762 7.2
             
    Females 15 years and over 44,366 100.0 135,306 100.0 8,418,373 100.0
      Never married 25,190 56.8 53,116 39.3 2,986,725 35.5
      Now married, except separated 10,098 22.8 53,032 39.2 3,546,172 42.1
      Separated 999 2.3 2,996 2.2 261,360 3.1
      Widowed 4,018 9.1 12,426 9.2 777,571 9.2
      Divorced 4,061 9.2 13,736 10.2 846,545 10.1
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 1,165 100.0 2,979 100.0 235,901 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 685 58.8 1,022 34.3 80,182 34.0
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 30 2.6 20 0.7 28 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 40 3.4 38 1.3 48 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 18 1.5 7 0.2 13 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 51 4.4 57 1.9 76 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 31 2.7 27 0.9 30 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 1,308 100.0 3,825 100.0 434,607 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 475 36.3 1,538 40.2 126,865 29.2
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 108 8.3 162 4.2 23,730 5.5
        1 or 2 years 212 16.2 558 14.6 30,066 6.9
        3 or 4 years 4 0.3 193 5.0 22,049 5.1
        5 or more years 151 11.5 625 16.3 51,020 11.7
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 475 100.0 1,538 100.0 126,865 100.0
      Who are female 324 68.2 1,011 65.7 85,057 67.0
      Who are married 272 57.3 1,022 66.4 83,040 65.5
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 32,622 100.0 84,463 100.0 4,967,141 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 1,290 4.0 3,948 4.7 301,786 6.1
      Kindergarten 606 1.9 2,523 3.0 238,409 4.8
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 7,449 22.8 26,671 31.6 1,865,099 37.5
      High school (grades 9-12) 3,885 11.9 14,882 17.6 1,020,556 20.5
      College or graduate school 19,392 59.4 36,439 43.1 1,541,291 31.0
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 59,907 100.0 204,024 100.0 13,435,795 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 2,296 3.8 4,979 2.4 894,391 6.7
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 3,953 6.6 9,778 4.8 1,035,726 7.7
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 16,260 27.1 54,012 26.5 3,588,894 26.7
      Some college, no degree 10,713 17.9 33,904 16.6 2,176,309 16.2
      Associate's degree 4,878 8.1 22,667 11.1 1,144,351 8.5
      Bachelor's degree 11,761 19.6 41,084 20.1 2,604,077 19.4
      Graduate or professional degree 10,046 16.8 37,600 18.4 1,992,047 14.8
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 89.60 ... 92.80 ... 85.60  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 36.40 ... 38.60 ... 34.20  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 81,577 100.0 248,276 100.0 15,397,847 100.0
      Civilian veterans 3,541 4.3 16,684 6.7 828,586 5.4
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 97,011 100.0 303,811 100.0 19,427,310 100.0
      With a disability 11,758 12.1 34,159 11.2 2,159,439 11.1
             
    Under 18 years 16,554 17.1 58,646 19.3 4,243,142 21.8
      With a disability 1,089 1.1 2,900 1.0 159,565 0.8
             
    18 to 64 years 69,255 71.4 201,739 66.4 12,460,033 64.1
      With a disability 6,744 7.0 17,627 5.8 1,075,396 5.5
             
    65 years and over 11,202 11.5 43,426 14.3 2,724,135 14.0
      With a disability 3,925 4.0 13,632 4.5 924,478 4.8
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 97,095 100.0 304,298 100.0 19,451,274 100.0
      Same house 78,108 80.4 261,045 85.8 17,327,735 89.1
      Different house in the U.S. 18,190 18.7 41,401 13.6 1,968,847 10.1
        Same county 9,319 9.6 21,756 7.1 1,230,487 6.3
        Different county 8,871 9.1 19,645 6.5 738,360 3.8
         Same state 6,911 7.1 14,692 4.8 472,505 2.4
         Different state 1,960 2.0 4,953 1.6 265,855 1.4
      Abroad 797 0.8 1,852 0.6 154,692 0.8
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 98,468 100.0 307,463 100.0 19,673,174 100.0
      Native 87,185 88.5 280,362 91.2 15,250,433 77.5
        Born in United States 85,874 87.2 276,989 90.1 14,767,602 75.1
         State of residence 72,825 74.0 238,291 77.5 12,476,545 63.4
         Different state 13,049 13.3 38,698 12.6 2,291,057 11.6
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 1,311 1.3 3,373 1.1 482,831 2.5
      Foreign born 11,283 11.5 27,101 8.8 4,422,741 22.5
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 11,283 100.0 27,101 100.0 4,422,741 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 5,444 48.2 15,150 55.9 2,375,214 53.7
      Not a U.S. citizen 5,839 51.8 11,951 44.1 2,047,527 46.3
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 12,594 100.0 30,474 100.0 4,905,572 100.0
             
      Native 1,311 10.4 3,373 11.1 482,831 9.8
        Entered 2010 or later 257 2.0 435 1.4 37,893 0.8
        Entered before 2010 1,054 8.4 2,938 9.6 444,938 9.1
             
      Foreign born 11,283 89.6 27,101 88.9 4,422,741 90.2
        Entered 2010 or later 2,674 21.2 4,809 15.8 424,843 8.7
        Entered before 2010 8,609 68.4 22,292 73.2 3,997,898 81.5
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 11,283 100.0 27,101 100.0 4,422,712 100.0
      Europe 1,988 17.6 6,063 22.4 749,176 16.9
      Asia 5,115 45.3 13,913 51.3 1,241,523 28.1
      Africa 1,004 8.9 1,923 7.1 181,195 4.1
      Oceania 26 0.2 90 0.3 13,259 0.3
      Latin America 2,942 26.1 4,420 16.3 2,180,982 49.3
      Northern America 208 1.8 692 2.6 56,577 1.3
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 93,134 100.0 292,102 100.0 18,496,742 100.0
      English only 78,618 84.4 257,721 88.2 12,882,449 69.6
      Language other than English 14,516 15.6 34,381 11.8 5,614,293 30.4
        Speak English less than "very well" 5,360 5.8 11,274 3.9 2,491,216 13.5
      Spanish 5,094 5.5 9,091 3.1 2,771,339 15.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 1,162 1.2 2,043 0.7 1,241,285 6.7
      Other Indo-European languages 4,489 4.8 14,132 4.8 1,638,393 8.9
        Speak English less than "very well" 1,448 1.6 4,184 1.4 631,892 3.4
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 3,855 4.1 8,841 3.0 916,148 5.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 2,389 2.6 4,454 1.5 528,306 2.9
      Other languages 1,078 1.2 2,317 0.8 288,413 1.6
        Speak English less than "very well" 361 0.4 593 0.2 89,733 0.5
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 98,468 100.0 307,463 100.0 19,673,174 100.0
      American 2,462 2.5 12,984 4.2 1,057,387 5.4
      Arab 691 0.7 1,936 0.6 161,092 0.8
      Czech 302 0.3 1,164 0.4 54,054 0.3
      Danish 117 0.1 695 0.2 33,922 0.2
      Dutch 1,399 1.4 9,460 3.1 234,970 1.2
      English 5,073 5.2 25,232 8.2 1,023,473 5.2
      French (except Basque) 2,553 2.6 15,850 5.2 434,074 2.2
      French Canadian 846 0.9 5,185 1.7 126,901 0.6
      German 9,647 9.8 46,144 15.0 2,025,432 10.3
      Greek 836 0.8 2,556 0.8 148,637 0.8
      Hungarian 269 0.3 1,748 0.6 146,995 0.7
      Irish 14,819 15.0 68,902 22.4 2,382,361 12.1
      Italian 12,782 13.0 50,623 16.5 2,560,731 13.0
      Lithuanian 282 0.3 1,283 0.4 43,760 0.2
      Norwegian 366 0.4 1,706 0.6 82,128 0.4
      Polish 3,886 3.9 17,890 5.8 931,149 4.7
      Portuguese 136 0.1 406 0.1 51,704 0.3
      Russian 1,621 1.6 5,461 1.8 419,864 2.1
      Scotch-Irish 461 0.5 1,382 0.4 66,176 0.3
      Scottish 831 0.8 4,255 1.4 203,717 1.0
      Slovak 155 0.2 732 0.2 32,465 0.2
      Subsaharan African 1,843 1.9 2,963 1.0 257,079 1.3
      Swedish 471 0.5 2,341 0.8 120,408 0.6
      Swiss 114 0.1 801 0.3 36,062 0.2
      Ukrainian 391 0.4 2,398 0.8 139,219 0.7
      Welsh 342 0.3 2,014 0.7 79,106 0.4
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 2,443 2.5 4,066 1.3 813,436 4.1
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Albany, NYAlbany County New York
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 83,393 100.0 255,718 100.0 15,921,937 100.0
      In labor force 50,839 61.0 165,979 64.9 10,107,278 63.5
        Civilian labor force 50,768 60.9 165,753 64.8 10,083,719 63.3
         Employed 46,505 55.8 155,200 60.7 9,254,578 58.1
         Unemployed 4,263 5.1 10,553 4.1 829,141 5.2
        Armed Forces 71 0.1 226 0.1 23,559 0.1
      Not in labor force 32,554 39.0 89,739 35.1 5,814,659 36.5
             
    Civilian labor force 50,768 60.9 165,753 64.8 10,083,719 63.3
      Unemployment Rate 8.4 ... 6.4 ... 8.2  
             
    Females 16 years and over 43,976 52.7 133,199 52.1 8,299,123 52.1
      In labor force 25,674 30.8 81,922 32.0 4,875,721 30.6
        Civilian labor force 25,674 30.8 81,903 32.0 4,872,940 30.6
         Employed 23,565 28.3 76,928 30.1 4,489,849 28.2
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 5,836 7.0 17,583 6.9 1,354,770 8.5
      All parents in family in labor force 4,646 5.6 13,123 5.1 870,151 5.5
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 9,965 11.9 38,865 15.2 2,708,574 17.0
      All parents in family in labor force 6,891 8.3 29,947 11.7 1,878,278 11.8
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 45,726 100.0 152,554 100.0 9,064,986 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 28,950 63.3 118,860 77.9 4,825,249 53.2
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 3,571 7.8 11,274 7.4 611,075 6.7
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 6,590 14.4 8,735 5.7 2,521,039 27.8
      Walked 4,710 10.3 6,917 4.5 580,469 6.4
      Other means 815 1.8 2,285 1.5 171,857 1.9
      Worked at home 1,090 2.4 4,483 2.9 355,297 3.9
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 19 ... 20 ... 32  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 46,505 100.0 155,200 100.0 9,254,578 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 18,229 39.2 66,969 43.2 3,627,956 39.2
      Service occupations 11,242 24.2 27,337 17.6 1,879,463 20.3
      Sales and office occupations 12,063 25.9 40,724 26.2 2,198,961 23.8
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 2,038 4.4 8,640 5.6 673,298 7.3
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 2,933 6.3 11,530 7.4 874,900 9.5
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 46,505 100.0 155,200 100.0 9,254,578 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 139 0.3 618 0.4 54,493 0.6
      Construction 1,538 3.3 7,605 4.9 514,033 5.6
      Manufacturing 1,377 3.0 7,655 4.9 600,408 6.5
      Wholesale trade 577 1.2 2,860 1.8 229,075 2.5
      Retail trade 5,248 11.3 17,044 11.0 1,000,895 10.8
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 1,330 2.9 6,054 3.9 472,856 5.1
      Information 1,036 2.2 3,266 2.1 270,734 2.9
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 2,474 5.3 10,679 6.9 744,556 8.0
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 4,657 10.0 16,470 10.6 1,059,499 11.4
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 14,168 30.5 41,938 27.0 2,540,670 27.5
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 6,026 13.0 14,095 9.1 875,623 9.5
      Other services, except public administration 2,180 4.7 7,342 4.7 465,436 5.0
      Public administration 5,755 12.4 19,574 12.6 426,300 4.6
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 46,505 100.0 155,200 100.0 9,254,578 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 33,422 71.9 109,995 70.9 7,252,725 78.4
      Government workers 11,421 24.6 38,852 25.0 1,443,651 15.6
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 1,645 3.5 6,247 4.0 545,433 5.9
      Unpaid family workers 17 0.0 106 0.1 12,769 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 40,283 100.0 123,451 100.0 7,262,279 100.0
      Less than $10,000 4,773 11.8 7,727 6.3 569,147 7.8
      $10,000 to $14,999 3,690 9.2 6,381 5.2 379,134 5.2
      $15,000 to $24,999 5,193 12.9 11,509 9.3 713,569 9.8
      $25,000 to $34,999 4,192 10.4 10,786 8.7 641,022 8.8
      $35,000 to $49,999 4,933 12.2 15,083 12.2 848,598 11.7
      $50,000 to $74,999 7,132 17.7 22,735 18.4 1,189,040 16.4
      $75,000 to $99,999 4,259 10.6 16,520 13.4 863,158 11.9
      $100,000 to $149,999 3,899 9.7 18,825 15.2 1,042,528 14.4
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,374 3.4 7,937 6.4 468,997 6.5
      $200,000 or more 838 2.1 5,948 4.8 547,086 7.5
      Median household income (dollars) 40,949 ... 59,887 ... 59,269  
      Mean household income (dollars) 57,274 ... 78,816 ... 86,825  
             
      With earnings 29,868 74.1 95,090 77.0 5,627,288 77.5
        Mean earnings (dollars) 61,541 ... 80,701 ... 91,146  
      With Social Security 10,679 26.5 36,930 29.9 2,141,583 29.5
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 16,656 ... 18,710 ... 17,985  
      With retirement income 6,481 16.1 28,137 22.8 1,287,628 17.7
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 26,113 ... 28,535 ... 25,983  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 2,851 7.1 6,017 4.9 459,694 6.3
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 8,838 ... 9,187 ... 9,301  
      With cash public assistance income 1,957 4.9 3,121 2.5 246,652 3.4
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 4,185 ... 3,905 ... 3,937  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 8,558 21.2 13,864 11.2 1,120,886 15.4
             
    Families 16,198 100.0 67,890 100.0 4,625,960 100.0
      Less than $10,000 1,159 7.2 2,220 3.3 228,159 4.9
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,010 6.2 1,810 2.7 157,513 3.4
      $15,000 to $24,999 1,929 11.9 4,131 6.1 354,317 7.7
      $25,000 to $34,999 1,167 7.2 3,820 5.6 364,484 7.9
      $35,000 to $49,999 1,773 10.9 6,344 9.3 516,418 11.2
      $50,000 to $74,999 3,041 18.8 12,244 18.0 777,714 16.8
      $75,000 to $99,999 2,162 13.3 10,411 15.3 610,068 13.2
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,494 15.4 14,825 21.8 800,696 17.3
      $150,000 to $199,999 941 5.8 6,856 10.1 375,773 8.1
      $200,000 or more 522 3.2 5,229 7.7 440,818 9.5
      Median family income (dollars) 58,260 ... 83,085 ... 71,913  
      Mean family income (dollars) 72,051 ... 100,698 ... 100,948  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 24,912 ... 32,779 ... 33,236  
             
    Nonfamily households 24,085 ... 55,561 ... 2,636,319  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 31,304 ... 38,864 ... 36,916  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 45,025 ... 49,456 ... 58,432  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 25,546 ... 34,648 ... 34,655  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 41,686 ... 52,150 ... 52,154  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 40,222 ... 46,001 ... 45,094  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 97,011 100.0 303,811 100.0 19,427,310 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 88,063 90.8 285,636 94.0 17,550,259 90.3
        With private health insurance 63,915 65.9 236,064 77.7 12,753,304 65.6
        With public coverage 34,779 35.9 91,499 30.1 6,932,536 35.7
      No health insurance coverage 8,948 9.2 18,175 6.0 1,877,051 9.7
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 16,554 100.0 58,646 100.0 4,243,142 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 427 ... 1,292 ... 152,678  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 69,255 100.0 201,739 100.0 12,460,033 100.0
      In labor force: 48,608 70.2 156,078 77.4 9,490,284 76.2
        Employed: 44,622 64.4 146,275 72.5 8,718,511 70.0
         With health insurance coverage 39,612 57.2 135,693 67.3 7,622,276 61.2
         With private health insurance 35,334 51.0 126,818 62.9 6,766,499 54.3
         With public coverage 5,199 7.5 11,959 5.9 1,029,277 8.3
         No health insurance coverage 5,010 7.2 10,582 5.2 1,096,235 8.8
        Unemployed: 3,986 5.8 9,803 4.9 771,773 6.2
         With health insurance coverage 2,915 4.2 7,418 3.7 561,538 4.5
         With private health insurance 1,320 1.9 4,381 2.2 299,683 2.4
         With public coverage 1,709 2.5 3,403 1.7 287,573 2.3
         No health insurance coverage 1,071 1.5 2,385 1.2 210,235 1.7
      Not in labor force: 20,647 29.8 45,661 22.6 2,969,749 23.8
        With health insurance coverage 18,242 26.3 41,820 20.7 2,579,066 20.7
         With private health insurance 11,071 16.0 29,086 14.4 1,493,682 12.0
         With public coverage 8,300 12.0 16,147 8.0 1,292,345 10.4
        No health insurance coverage 2,405 3.5 3,841 1.9 390,683 3.1
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 18.0 ... 8.0 ... 12.0  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 31.2 ... 14.5 ... 18.5  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 30.1 ... 15.5 ... 16.6  
    Married couple families 7.6 ... 3.0 ... 6.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 12.6 ... 4.5 ... 8.9  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 6.6 ... 4.4 ... 7.4  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 33.5 ... 24.9 ... 28.2  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 47.3 ... 36.4 ... 38.4  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 51.9 ... 42.7 ... 39.2  
             
    All people 26.8 ... 13.5 ... 15.7  
    Under 18 years 35.2 ... 17.1 ... 22.2  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 35.2 ... 17.0 ... 22.0  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 38.6 ... 20.5 ... 24.1  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 33.5 ... 15.7 ... 21.1  
    18 years and over 24.9 ... 12.6 ... 13.9  
    18 to 64 years 27.1 ... 13.7 ... 14.4  
    65 years and over 12.6 ... 7.6 ... 11.5  
    People in families 21.3 ... 9.3 ... 13.2  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 34.7 ... 24.6 ... 25.5  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Albany, NYAlbany County New York
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 47,191 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
      Occupied housing units 40,283 85.4 2,986 85.2 2,986 85.2
      Vacant housing units 6,908 14.6 520 14.8 520 14.8
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 2.70 ... 1.70 ... 1.70  
      Rental vacancy rate 6.90 ... 4.10 ... 4.10  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 47,191 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1-unit, detached 12,853 27.2 2,327 66.4 2,327 66.4
    1-unit, attached 2,274 4.8 58 1.7 58 1.7
    2 units 12,971 27.5 62 1.8 62 1.8
    3 or 4 units 8,532 18.1 35 1.0 35 1.0
    5 to 9 units 3,674 7.8 64 1.8 64 1.8
    10 to 19 units 1,878 4.0 19 0.5 19 0.5
    20 or more units 4,906 10.4 78 2.2 78 2.2
    Mobile home 90 0.2 860 24.5 860 24.5
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 13 0.0 3 0.1 3 0.1
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 47,191 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 26 0.1 17 0.5 17 0.5
    Built 2010 to 2013 159 0.3 43 1.2 43 1.2
    Built 2000 to 2009 1,199 2.5 449 12.8 449 12.8
    Built 1990 to 1999 1,463 3.1 362 10.3 362 10.3
    Built 1980 to 1989 2,548 5.4 525 15.0 525 15.0
    Built 1970 to 1979 4,118 8.7 648 18.5 648 18.5
    Built 1960 to 1969 4,046 8.6 252 7.2 252 7.2
    Built 1950 to 1959 4,444 9.4 541 15.4 541 15.4
    Built 1940 to 1949 3,470 7.4 284 8.1 284 8.1
    Built 1939 or earlier 25,718 54.5 385 11.0 385 11.0
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 47,191 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1 room 1,649 3.5 118 3.4 118 3.4
    2 rooms 1,766 3.7 74 2.1 74 2.1
    3 rooms 7,011 14.9 246 7.0 246 7.0
    4 rooms 9,838 20.8 599 17.1 599 17.1
    5 rooms 8,289 17.6 762 21.7 762 21.7
    6 rooms 9,331 19.8 614 17.5 614 17.5
    7 rooms 4,065 8.6 489 13.9 489 13.9
    8 rooms 2,733 5.8 269 7.7 269 7.7
    9 rooms or more 2,509 5.3 335 9.6 335 9.6
    Median rooms 5 ... 5 ... 5  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 47,191 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    No bedroom 2,000 4.2 118 3.4 118 3.4
    1 bedroom 10,215 21.6 296 8.4 296 8.4
    2 bedrooms 14,671 31.1 892 25.4 892 25.4
    3 bedrooms 15,076 31.9 1,426 40.7 1,426 40.7
    4 bedrooms 3,926 8.3 717 20.5 717 20.5
    5 or more bedrooms 1,303 2.8 57 1.6 57 1.6
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 40,283 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Owner-occupied 15,094 37.5 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Renter-occupied 25,189 62.5 656 22.0 656 22.0
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 40,283 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 853 2.1 28 0.9 28 0.9
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 17,652 43.8 736 24.6 736 24.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 12,388 30.8 1,260 42.2 1,260 42.2
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 3,938 9.8 390 13.1 390 13.1
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 2,331 5.8 277 9.3 277 9.3
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 3,121 7.7 295 9.9 295 9.9
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 40,283 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      No vehicles available 10,549 26.2 215 7.2 215 7.2
      1 vehicle available 17,861 44.3 618 20.7 618 20.7
      2 vehicles available 9,407 23.4 952 31.9 952 31.9
      3 or more vehicles available 2,466 6.1 1,201 40.2 1,201 40.2
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 40,283 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Utility gas 28,711 71.3 1,208 40.5 1,208 40.5
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 607 1.5 817 27.4 817 27.4
      Electricity 8,647 21.5 679 22.7 679 22.7
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 1,793 4.5 11 0.4 11 0.4
      Coal or coke 0 0.0 68 2.3 68 2.3
      Wood 17 0.0 186 6.2 186 6.2
      Solar energy 31 0.1 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Other fuel 268 0.7 17 0.6 17 0.6
      No fuel used 209 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 40,283 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 68 0.2 60 2.0 60 2.0
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 297 0.7 68 2.3 68 2.3
      No telephone service available 1,186 2.9 59 2.0 59 2.0
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 40,283 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      1.00 or less 39,692 98.5 2,900 97.1 2,900 97.1
      1.01 to 1.50 444 1.1 34 1.1 34 1.1
      1.51 or more 147 0.4 52 1.7 52 1.7
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 15,094 37.5 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Less than $50,000 684 1.7 358 12.0 358 12.0
      $50,000 to $99,999 1,930 4.8 361 12.1 361 12.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,871 7.1 276 9.2 276 9.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 4,732 11.7 383 12.8 383 12.8
      $200,000 to $299,999 3,637 9.0 622 20.8 622 20.8
      $300,000 to $499,999 978 2.4 233 7.8 233 7.8
      $500,000 to $999,999 228 0.6 90 3.0 90 3.0
      $1,000,000 or more 34 0.1 7 0.2 7 0.2
      Median (dollars) 171,400 ... 178,200 ... 178,200  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 15,094 100.0 2,330 100.0 2,330 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 9,290 61.5 1,012 43.4 1,012 43.4
      Housing units without a mortgage 5,804 38.5 1,318 56.6 1,318 56.6
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 9,290 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than $500 149 1.6 52 5.1 52 5.1
      $500 to $999 1,268 13.6 255 25.2 255 25.2
      $1,000 to $1,499 2,842 30.6 432 42.7 432 42.7
      $1,500 to $1,999 2,965 31.9 221 21.8 221 21.8
      $2,000 to $2,499 1,374 14.8 36 3.6 36 3.6
      $2,500 to $2,999 521 5.6 8 0.8 8 0.8
      $3,000 or more 171 1.8 8 0.8 8 0.8
      Median (dollars) 1,556 ... 1,303 ... 1,303  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 5,804 100.0 1,318 100.0 1,318 100.0
      Less than $250 383 6.6 255 19.3 255 19.3
      $250 to $399 907 15.6 462 35.1 462 35.1
      $400 to $599 1,626 28.0 471 35.7 471 35.7
      $600 to $799 1,397 24.1 93 7.1 93 7.1
      $800 to $999 775 13.4 37 2.8 37 2.8
      $1,000 or more 716 12.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 599 ... 380 ... 380  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 9,239 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 3,633 39.3 480 47.4 480 47.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,806 19.5 167 16.5 167 16.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,018 11.0 108 10.7 108 10.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 791 8.6 55 5.4 55 5.4
      35.0 percent or more 1,991 21.5 202 20.0 202 20.0
             
      Not computed 51 0.6 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 5,780 100.0 1,298 100.0 1,298 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 2,070 35.8 774 59.6 774 59.6
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 1,133 19.6 202 15.6 202 15.6
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 663 11.5 73 5.6 73 5.6
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 492 8.5 39 3.0 39 3.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 381 6.6 58 4.5 58 4.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 193 3.3 64 4.9 64 4.9
      35.0 percent or more 848 14.7 88 6.8 88 6.8
             
      Not computed 24 0.4 20 1.5 20 1.5
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 24,907 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than $500 3,512 14.1 124 22.4 124 22.4
      $500 to $999 13,760 55.2 282 50.9 282 50.9
      $1,000 to $1,499 6,462 25.9 91 16.4 91 16.4
      $1,500 to $1,999 767 3.1 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $2,000 to $2,499 191 0.8 57 10.3 57 10.3
      $2,500 to $2,999 88 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $3,000 or more 127 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 857 ... 740 ... 740  
             
      No rent paid 282 1.1 102 18.4 102 18.4
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 24,217 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 3,292 13.6 200 36.1 200 36.1
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 2,604 10.8 84 15.2 84 15.2
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,564 10.6 55 9.9 55 9.9
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 2,649 10.9 37 6.7 37 6.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 2,038 8.4 10 1.8 10 1.8
      35.0 percent or more 11,070 45.7 168 30.3 168 30.3
             
      Housing Units 972 4.0 102 18.4 102 18.4
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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