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Updated 08/11/17

 
 
Charleston, WV [5414600]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Charleston is located in Kanawha County (54039). The population of Charleston changed from 51,297 in 2010 to 49,138 in 2016; a change of -2,159 (-4.2%). The county population changed from 192,941 to 186,241, a change of -6,700 (-3.5%) during the same period.

Charleston is located in the Charleston, WV MSA (CBSA 16620). The CBSA population changed from 226,896 to 217,916 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of -8,980 (-4.0%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 200th based on 2016 population, 927th based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 874th based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 50,566. The population of one race include 81.8% White alone, 9.3% Black alone, 0.1% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 2.3% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 1.5% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 25,771 total housing units, 22,766 were occupied housing units (households) or 88.3% of total units. Of the 13,309 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $144,400. Of the 13,309 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $691. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 12,235 family households, 14.2% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 19.6% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $48,442 with median family income of $64,777. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 11,121 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 4,972 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 35,710 population 25 years and over, 91.9% were high school graduates and 39.7% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Charleston, WVKanawha County West Virginia
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 51,297   192,941   1,854,230  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 51,018 -0.54 191,972 -0.50 1,854,972 0.04
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 50,979 -0.08 192,159 0.10 1,856,560 0.09
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 50,825 -0.30 191,404 -0.39 1,853,231 -0.18
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 50,347 -0.94 190,167 -0.65 1,848,514 -0.25
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 49,753 -1.18 188,207 -1.03 1,841,053 -0.40
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 49,138 -1.24 186,241 -1.04 1,831,102 -0.54
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Charleston, WVKanawha County West Virginia
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 50,566 100.0 190,781 100.0 1,851,420 100.0
      Male 24,684 48.8 91,860 48.1 913,631 49.3
      Female 25,882 51.2 98,921 51.9 937,789 50.7
             
      Under 5 years 2,763 5.5 10,741 5.6 102,759 5.6
      5 to 9 years 2,816 5.6 10,760 5.6 105,197 5.7
      10 to 14 years 2,722 5.4 10,904 5.7 107,958 5.8
      15 to 19 years 3,254 6.4 10,740 5.6 113,505 6.1
      20 to 24 years 3,301 6.5 10,990 5.8 123,883 6.7
      25 to 34 years 6,581 13.0 23,435 12.3 218,370 11.8
      35 to 44 years 6,067 12.0 23,465 12.3 231,198 12.5
      45 to 54 years 7,052 13.9 26,638 14.0 257,855 13.9
      55 to 59 years 3,940 7.8 15,762 8.3 138,616 7.5
      60 to 64 years 3,635 7.2 13,576 7.1 132,773 7.2
      65 to 74 years 4,609 9.1 18,552 9.7 182,542 9.9
      75 to 84 years 2,526 5.0 10,916 5.7 98,105 5.3
      85 years and over 1,300 2.6 4,302 2.3 38,659 2.1
             
      Median age (years) 41.5 ... 42.8 ... 41.8  
             
      18 years and over 40,462 80.0 151,731 79.5 1,469,047 79.3
      21 years and over 38,331 75.8 145,368 76.2 1,394,732 75.3
      62 years and over 10,556 20.9 41,777 21.9 396,420 21.4
      65 years and over 8,435 16.7 33,770 17.7 319,306 17.2
             
      18 years and over 40,462 80.0 151,731 79.5 1,469,047 79.3
        Male 19,333 38.2 72,063 37.8 718,083 38.8
        Female 21,129 41.8 79,668 41.8 750,964 40.6
             
      65 years and over 8,435 16.7 33,770 17.7 319,306 17.2
        Male 3,566 7.1 14,281 7.5 142,362 7.7
        Female 4,869 9.6 19,489 10.2 176,944 9.6
             
 RACE            
    Total population 50,566 100.0 190,781 100.0 1,851,420 100.0
      One race 47,465 93.9 180,584 94.7 1,815,231 98.0
      Two or more races 3,101 6.1 10,197 5.3 36,189 2.0
             
    One race 47,465 93.9 180,584 94.7 1,815,231 98.0
      White 41,362 81.8 169,265 88.7 1,732,235 93.6
      Black or African American 4,708 9.3 8,539 4.5 61,367 3.3
      American Indian and Alaska Native 41 0.1 319 0.2 2,953 0.2
        Cherokee tribal grouping 22 0.0 182 0.1 1,387 0.1
        Chippewa tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 47 0.0
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 121 0.0
      Asian 1,161 2.3 2,100 1.1 13,485 0.7
        Asian Indian 518 1.0 800 0.4 3,217 0.2
        Chinese 201 0.4 453 0.2 3,298 0.2
        Filipino 129 0.3 251 0.1 1,970 0.1
        Japanese 70 0.1 70 0.0 485 0.0
        Korean 118 0.2 162 0.1 1,224 0.1
        Vietnamese 25 0.0 211 0.1 1,553 0.1
        Other Asian 100 0.2 153 0.1 1,738 0.1
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0 0.0 0 0.0 625 0.0
        Native Hawaiian 0 0.0 0 0.0 268 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro 0 0.0 0 0.0 61 0.0
        Samoan 0 0.0 0 0.0 126 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 0 0.0 0 0.0 170 0.0
      Some other race 193 0.4 361 0.2 4,566 0.2
    Two or more races 3,101 6.1 10,197 5.3 36,189 2.0
      White and Black or African American 739 1.5 1,712 0.9 13,668 0.7
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 1,149 2.3 6,282 3.3 13,813 0.7
      White and Asian 196 0.4 561 0.3 3,465 0.2
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 561 1.1 750 0.4 1,234 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 50,566 100.0 190,781 100.0 1,851,420 100.0
      White 43,724 86.5 178,448 93.5 1,766,068 95.4
      Black or African American 6,389 12.6 11,693 6.1 78,166 4.2
      American Indian and Alaska Native 2,163 4.3 8,085 4.2 19,768 1.1
      Asian 1,426 2.8 2,855 1.5 17,879 1.0
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 189 0.4 211 0.1 1,537 0.1
      Some other race 219 0.4 484 0.3 6,195 0.3
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 50,566 100.0 190,781 100.0 1,851,420 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 757 1.5 2,004 1.1 25,408 1.4
        Mexican 321 0.6 875 0.5 11,028 0.6
        Puerto Rican 114 0.2 387 0.2 4,481 0.2
        Cuban 52 0.1 69 0.0 1,044 0.1
        Other Hispanic or Latino 270 0.5 673 0.4 8,855 0.5
      Not Hispanic or Latino 49,809 98.5 188,777 98.9 1,826,012 98.6
        White alone 40,970 81.0 167,969 88.0 1,713,434 92.5
        Black or African American alone 4,672 9.2 8,453 4.4 60,398 3.3
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 34 0.1 237 0.1 2,726 0.1
        Asian alone 1,158 2.3 2,065 1.1 13,273 0.7
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0 0.0 0 0.0 475 0.0
        Some other race alone 58 0.1 197 0.1 1,370 0.1
        Two or more races 2,917 5.8 9,856 5.2 34,336 1.9
         Two races including Some other race 7 0.0 72 0.0 694 0.0
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 2,910 5.8 9,784 5.1 33,642 1.8
             
    Total housing units 25,771 ... 92,446 ... 883,984  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 39,820 78.7 150,439 78.9 1,455,848 78.6
      Male 18,997 37.6 71,245 37.3 710,417 38.4
      Female 20,823 41.2 79,194 41.5 745,431 40.3
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Charleston, WVKanawha County West Virginia
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 22,766 100.0 6,526 100.0 740,890 100.0
      Family households (families) 12,235 53.7 4,383 67.2 479,803 64.8
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 5,068 22.3 1,575 24.1 177,147 23.9
      Married-couple family 8,010 35.2 3,255 49.9 361,652 48.8
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 2,649 11.6 962 14.7 117,191 15.8
      Male householder, no wife present, family 1,148 5.0 367 5.6 33,962 4.6
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 643 2.8 179 2.7 16,572 2.2
      Female householder, no husband present, family 3,077 13.5 761 11.7 84,189 11.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 1,776 7.8 434 6.7 43,384 5.9
      Nonfamily households 10,531 46.3 2,143 32.8 261,087 35.2
        Householder living alone 9,037 39.7 1,750 26.8 222,024 30.0
         65 years and over 3,236 14.2 862 13.2 91,220 12.3
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 5,649 24.8 1,818 27.9 203,741 27.5
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 6,440 28.3 2,150 32.9 227,521 30.7
             
      Average household size 2.12 ... 2.48 ... 2.43  
      Average family size 2.87 ... 3.01 ... 3.00  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 48,359 100.0 16,166 100.0 1,802,504 100.0
      Householder 22,766 47.1 6,526 40.4 740,890 41.1
      Spouse 7,953 16.4 3,249 20.1 361,355 20.0
      Child 12,521 25.9 4,537 28.1 491,127 27.2
      Other relatives 2,463 5.1 1,007 6.2 109,299 6.1
      Nonrelatives 2,656 5.5 847 5.2 99,833 5.5
        Unmarried partner 1,627 3.4 459 2.8 43,700 2.4
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 20,314 100.0 6,699 100.0 752,183 100.0
      Never married 7,564 37.2 1,903 28.4 233,630 31.1
      Now married, except separated 8,557 42.1 3,451 51.5 387,216 51.5
      Separated 317 1.6 72 1.1 11,056 1.5
      Widowed 651 3.2 308 4.6 26,094 3.5
      Divorced 3,225 15.9 965 14.4 94,187 12.5
             
    Females 15 years and over 21,951 100.0 6,875 100.0 783,323 100.0
      Never married 6,446 29.4 1,552 22.6 185,443 23.7
      Now married, except separated 8,381 38.2 3,414 49.7 381,706 48.7
      Separated 361 1.6 207 3.0 14,258 1.8
      Widowed 2,685 12.2 807 11.7 94,611 12.1
      Divorced 4,078 18.6 895 13.0 107,305 13.7
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 584 100.0 152 100.0 18,892 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 309 52.9 48 31.6 7,454 39.5
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 43 7.4 27 17.8 34 0.2
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 50 8.6 44 28.9 46 0.2
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 37 6.3 0 0.0 20 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 88 15.1 86 56.6 90 0.5
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 17 2.9 19 12.5 14 0.1
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 891 100.0 375 100.0 40,119 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 459 51.5 259 69.1 21,304 53.1
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 56 6.3 53 14.1 4,846 12.1
        1 or 2 years 32 3.6 30 8.0 4,718 11.8
        3 or 4 years 151 16.9 64 17.1 3,447 8.6
        5 or more years 220 24.7 112 29.9 8,293 20.7
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 459 100.0 259 100.0 21,304 100.0
      Who are female 339 73.9 136 52.5 12,560 59.0
      Who are married 230 50.1 225 86.9 16,080 75.5
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 11,121 100.0 3,019 100.0 410,745 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 648 5.8 48 1.6 22,650 5.5
      Kindergarten 450 4.0 303 10.0 20,583 5.0
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 4,522 40.7 1,393 46.1 171,089 41.7
      High school (grades 9-12) 2,572 23.1 733 24.3 85,318 20.8
      College or graduate school 2,929 26.3 542 18.0 111,105 27.0
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 35,710 100.0 11,822 100.0 1,298,118 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 834 2.3 645 5.5 68,050 5.2
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 2,063 5.8 926 7.8 127,304 9.8
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 9,456 26.5 5,875 49.7 528,555 40.7
      Some college, no degree 7,104 19.9 1,897 16.0 239,978 18.5
      Associate's degree 2,071 5.8 810 6.9 85,558 6.6
      Bachelor's degree 7,367 20.6 1,101 9.3 152,377 11.7
      Graduate or professional degree 6,815 19.1 568 4.8 96,296 7.4
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 91.90 ... 86.70 ... 85.00  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 39.70 ... 14.10 ... 19.20  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 40,457 100.0 13,001 100.0 1,468,235 100.0
      Civilian veterans 3,498 8.6 1,291 9.9 150,021 10.2
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 49,600 100.0 16,348 100.0 1,822,400 100.0
      With a disability 8,897 17.9 3,314 20.3 353,649 19.4
             
    Under 18 years 10,055 20.3 3,424 20.9 381,298 20.9
      With a disability 762 1.5 165 1.0 21,122 1.2
             
    18 to 64 years 31,327 63.2 9,897 60.5 1,130,559 62.0
      With a disability 4,956 10.0 1,924 11.8 196,096 10.8
             
    65 years and over 8,218 16.6 3,027 18.5 310,543 17.0
      With a disability 3,179 6.4 1,225 7.5 136,431 7.5
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 49,937 100.0 16,283 100.0 1,833,242 100.0
      Same house 40,904 81.9 13,948 85.7 1,617,524 88.2
      Different house in the U.S. 8,900 17.8 2,320 14.2 211,947 11.6
        Same county 5,479 11.0 1,334 8.2 117,870 6.4
        Different county 3,421 6.9 986 6.1 94,077 5.1
         Same state 1,601 3.2 739 4.5 47,112 2.6
         Different state 1,820 3.6 247 1.5 46,965 2.6
      Abroad 133 0.3 15 0.1 3,771 0.2
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 50,566 100.0 16,434 100.0 1,851,420 100.0
      Native 48,968 96.8 16,248 98.9 1,823,055 98.5
        Born in United States 48,718 96.3 16,156 98.3 1,813,996 98.0
         State of residence 36,189 71.6 13,199 80.3 1,295,416 70.0
         Different state 12,529 24.8 2,957 18.0 518,580 28.0
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 250 0.5 92 0.6 9,059 0.5
      Foreign born 1,598 3.2 186 1.1 28,365 1.5
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 1,598 100.0 186 100.0 28,365 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 907 56.8 77 41.4 13,887 49.0
      Not a U.S. citizen 691 43.2 109 58.6 14,478 51.0
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 1,848 100.0 278 100.0 37,424 100.0
             
      Native 250 13.5 92 33.1 9,059 24.2
        Entered 2010 or later 33 1.8 0 0.0 541 1.4
        Entered before 2010 217 11.7 92 33.1 8,518 22.8
             
      Foreign born 1,598 86.5 186 66.9 28,365 75.8
        Entered 2010 or later 256 13.9 42 15.1 4,794 12.8
        Entered before 2010 1,342 72.6 144 51.8 23,571 63.0
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 1,598 100.0 186 100.0 28,365 100.0
      Europe 221 13.8 42 22.6 5,516 19.4
      Asia 1,035 64.8 43 23.1 12,609 44.5
      Africa 91 5.7 0 0.0 1,626 5.7
      Oceania 18 1.1 0 0.0 211 0.7
      Latin America 175 11.0 98 52.7 7,111 25.1
      Northern America 58 3.6 3 1.6 1,292 4.6
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 47,803 100.0 15,441 100.0 1,748,661 100.0
      English only 45,993 96.2 15,203 98.5 1,705,720 97.5
      Language other than English 1,810 3.8 238 1.5 42,941 2.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 326 0.7 105 0.7 13,761 0.8
      Spanish 445 0.9 130 0.8 18,235 1.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 118 0.2 46 0.3 6,507 0.4
      Other Indo-European languages 676 1.4 84 0.5 13,357 0.8
        Speak English less than "very well" 72 0.2 48 0.3 2,942 0.2
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 523 1.1 24 0.2 8,350 0.5
        Speak English less than "very well" 82 0.2 11 0.1 3,516 0.2
      Other languages 166 0.3 0 0.0 2,999 0.2
        Speak English less than "very well" 54 0.1 0 0.0 796 0.0
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 50,566 100.0 16,434 100.0 1,851,420 100.0
      American 5,048 10.0 2,437 14.8 241,617 13.1
      Arab 955 1.9 0 0.0 6,808 0.4
      Czech 118 0.2 0 0.0 3,811 0.2
      Danish 30 0.1 0 0.0 1,320 0.1
      Dutch 926 1.8 246 1.5 35,352 1.9
      English 7,208 14.3 1,342 8.2 205,034 11.1
      French (except Basque) 1,060 2.1 276 1.7 27,871 1.5
      French Canadian 196 0.4 10 0.1 2,575 0.1
      German 7,352 14.5 2,967 18.1 329,198 17.8
      Greek 294 0.6 32 0.2 4,722 0.3
      Hungarian 346 0.7 49 0.3 8,648 0.5
      Irish 6,819 13.5 1,968 12.0 269,881 14.6
      Italian 2,755 5.4 345 2.1 84,639 4.6
      Lithuanian 82 0.2 0 0.0 1,710 0.1
      Norwegian 220 0.4 8 0.0 4,564 0.2
      Polish 864 1.7 310 1.9 35,872 1.9
      Portuguese 25 0.0 0 0.0 1,467 0.1
      Russian 134 0.3 10 0.1 6,227 0.3
      Scotch-Irish 2,151 4.3 322 2.0 37,767 2.0
      Scottish 1,374 2.7 264 1.6 38,795 2.1
      Slovak 32 0.1 44 0.3 4,052 0.2
      Subsaharan African 795 1.6 0 0.0 5,060 0.3
      Swedish 802 1.6 133 0.8 7,123 0.4
      Swiss 75 0.1 0 0.0 3,837 0.2
      Ukrainian 55 0.1 0 0.0 1,838 0.1
      Welsh 585 1.2 202 1.2 14,000 0.8
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 69 0.1 0 0.0 2,073 0.1
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Charleston, WVKanawha County West Virginia
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 41,619 100.0 155,883 100.0 1,512,183 100.0
      In labor force 25,650 61.6 90,889 58.3 815,405 53.9
        Civilian labor force 25,645 61.6 90,805 58.3 814,593 53.9
         Employed 23,774 57.1 84,406 54.1 751,252 49.7
         Unemployed 1,871 4.5 6,399 4.1 63,341 4.2
        Armed Forces 5 0.0 84 0.1 812 0.1
      Not in labor force 15,969 38.4 64,994 41.7 696,778 46.1
             
    Civilian labor force 25,645 61.6 90,805 58.3 814,593 53.9
      Unemployment Rate 7.3 ... 7.0 ... 7.8  
             
    Females 16 years and over 21,671 52.1 81,603 52.3 771,906 51.0
      In labor force 12,584 30.2 44,152 28.3 379,596 25.1
        Civilian labor force 12,584 30.2 44,152 28.3 379,443 25.1
         Employed 11,846 28.5 41,503 26.6 354,117 23.4
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 3,127 7.5 12,059 7.7 117,864 7.8
      All parents in family in labor force 2,169 5.2 7,676 4.9 68,692 4.5
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 6,482 15.6 24,193 15.5 237,927 15.7
      All parents in family in labor force 4,810 11.6 16,605 10.7 151,667 10.0
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 23,083 100.0 82,083 100.0 735,009 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 17,729 76.8 65,610 79.9 604,619 82.3
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 2,548 11.0 9,616 11.7 74,341 10.1
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 794 3.4 1,616 2.0 6,040 0.8
      Walked 1,140 4.9 2,354 2.9 20,660 2.8
      Other means 220 1.0 569 0.7 7,752 1.1
      Worked at home 652 2.8 2,318 2.8 21,597 2.9
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 16 ... 21 ... 26  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 23,774 100.0 84,406 100.0 751,252 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 11,869 49.9 32,025 37.9 241,587 32.2
      Service occupations 3,754 15.8 14,972 17.7 141,436 18.8
      Sales and office occupations 5,639 23.7 22,672 26.9 181,570 24.2
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 1,063 4.5 6,898 8.2 89,595 11.9
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 1,449 6.1 7,839 9.3 97,064 12.9
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 23,774 100.0 84,406 100.0 751,252 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 515 2.2 2,265 2.7 38,559 5.1
      Construction 976 4.1 4,237 5.0 46,934 6.2
      Manufacturing 963 4.1 3,956 4.7 60,727 8.1
      Wholesale trade 277 1.2 2,085 2.5 16,321 2.2
      Retail trade 2,623 11.0 9,909 11.7 94,674 12.6
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 773 3.3 4,541 5.4 40,311 5.4
      Information 422 1.8 2,262 2.7 12,917 1.7
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 1,766 7.4 5,311 6.3 31,078 4.1
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 3,514 14.8 9,177 10.9 58,263 7.8
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 6,106 25.7 21,114 25.0 200,359 26.7
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 2,254 9.5 7,926 9.4 68,879 9.2
      Other services, except public administration 1,004 4.2 3,711 4.4 31,986 4.3
      Public administration 2,581 10.9 7,912 9.4 50,244 6.7
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 23,774 100.0 84,406 100.0 751,252 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 17,576 73.9 63,933 75.7 574,222 76.4
      Government workers 4,919 20.7 16,824 19.9 142,886 19.0
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 1,162 4.9 3,503 4.2 33,266 4.4
      Unpaid family workers 117 0.5 146 0.2 878 0.1
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 22,766 100.0 82,250 100.0 740,890 100.0
      Less than $10,000 2,341 10.3 6,242 7.6 74,206 10.0
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,574 6.9 5,305 6.4 51,381 6.9
      $15,000 to $24,999 2,420 10.6 10,509 12.8 104,362 14.1
      $25,000 to $34,999 2,551 11.2 9,481 11.5 87,788 11.8
      $35,000 to $49,999 2,813 12.4 12,865 15.6 110,573 14.9
      $50,000 to $74,999 3,920 17.2 15,586 18.9 129,773 17.5
      $75,000 to $99,999 2,209 9.7 9,390 11.4 79,720 10.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,503 11.0 7,939 9.7 68,270 9.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 927 4.1 2,277 2.8 19,093 2.6
      $200,000 or more 1,508 6.6 2,656 3.2 15,724 2.1
      Median household income (dollars) 48,442 ... 45,882 ... 41,751  
      Mean household income (dollars) 75,902 ... 63,192 ... 56,425  
             
      With earnings 16,858 74.0 59,639 72.5 504,343 68.1
        Mean earnings (dollars) 77,816 ... 64,662 ... 60,525  
      With Social Security 7,790 34.2 31,705 38.5 292,337 39.5
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 17,490 ... 17,856 ... 17,363  
      With retirement income 4,669 20.5 19,013 23.1 176,339 23.8
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 20,335 ... 18,309 ... 17,588  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 1,667 7.3 5,370 6.5 57,907 7.8
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 8,301 ... 8,772 ... 8,848  
      With cash public assistance income 775 3.4 2,033 2.5 17,130 2.3
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 3,181 ... 2,788 ... 2,773  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 3,724 16.4 12,368 15.0 119,272 16.1
             
    Families 12,235 100.0 50,964 100.0 479,803 100.0
      Less than $10,000 843 6.9 2,597 5.1 28,850 6.0
      $10,000 to $14,999 502 4.1 1,813 3.6 19,137 4.0
      $15,000 to $24,999 938 7.7 4,679 9.2 48,788 10.2
      $25,000 to $34,999 1,050 8.6 5,043 9.9 52,105 10.9
      $35,000 to $49,999 1,410 11.5 8,047 15.8 76,698 16.0
      $50,000 to $74,999 2,109 17.2 10,446 20.5 98,669 20.6
      $75,000 to $99,999 1,473 12.0 7,577 14.9 66,090 13.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 1,825 14.9 6,502 12.8 58,883 12.3
      $150,000 to $199,999 743 6.1 1,941 3.8 16,842 3.5
      $200,000 or more 1,342 11.0 2,319 4.6 13,741 2.9
      Median family income (dollars) 64,777 ... 57,069 ... 52,866  
      Mean family income (dollars) 100,838 ... 75,874 ... 67,421  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 34,651 ... 27,642 ... 23,450  
             
    Nonfamily households 10,531 ... 31,286 ... 261,087  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 32,396 ... 28,544 ... 23,027  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 45,950 ... 40,544 ... 34,022  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 31,076 ... 30,067 ... 27,168  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 54,284 ... 46,950 ... 45,346  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 39,521 ... 34,566 ... 31,486  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 49,600 100.0 189,041 100.0 1,822,400 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 44,144 89.0 168,978 89.4 1,613,621 88.5
        With private health insurance 32,468 65.5 124,691 66.0 1,154,719 63.4
        With public coverage 19,031 38.4 74,425 39.4 734,101 40.3
      No health insurance coverage 5,456 11.0 20,063 10.6 208,779 11.5
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 10,055 100.0 38,992 100.0 381,298 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 283 ... 1,552 ... 14,971  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 31,327 100.0 117,107 100.0 1,130,559 100.0
      In labor force: 23,515 75.1 84,933 72.5 765,565 67.7
        Employed: 21,777 69.5 78,841 67.3 706,070 62.5
         With health insurance coverage 18,692 59.7 68,077 58.1 596,691 52.8
         With private health insurance 17,228 55.0 62,616 53.5 552,082 48.8
         With public coverage 2,060 6.6 7,701 6.6 63,565 5.6
         No health insurance coverage 3,085 9.8 10,764 9.2 109,379 9.7
        Unemployed: 1,738 5.5 6,092 5.2 59,495 5.3
         With health insurance coverage 968 3.1 3,197 2.7 33,559 3.0
         With private health insurance 392 1.3 1,607 1.4 17,461 1.5
         With public coverage 613 2.0 1,674 1.4 17,759 1.6
         No health insurance coverage 770 2.5 2,895 2.5 25,936 2.3
      Not in labor force: 7,812 24.9 32,174 27.5 364,994 32.3
        With health insurance coverage 6,554 20.9 27,436 23.4 307,169 27.2
         With private health insurance 3,334 10.6 14,680 12.5 164,024 14.5
         With public coverage 3,824 12.2 16,009 13.7 176,537 15.6
        No health insurance coverage 1,258 4.0 4,738 4.0 57,825 5.1
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 14.2 ... 11.8 ... 13.1  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 26.6 ... 21.4 ... 22.2  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 29.9 ... 25.3 ... 26.6  
    Married couple families 4.2 ... 4.9 ... 6.8  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 8.5 ... 7.9 ... 10.2  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 15.3 ... 12.2 ... 10.5  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 36.5 ... 31.6 ... 36.5  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 48.8 ... 45.4 ... 50.4  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 56.5 ... 53.3 ... 61.7  
             
    All people 19.6 ... 15.8 ... 18.0  
    Under 18 years 31.6 ... 24.8 ... 25.1  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 31.5 ... 24.4 ... 24.6  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 38.1 ... 28.3 ... 29.7  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 29.0 ... 22.9 ... 22.8  
    18 years and over 16.6 ... 13.6 ... 16.1  
    18 to 64 years 19.3 ... 15.6 ... 18.1  
    65 years and over 6.5 ... 6.5 ... 9.1  
    People in families 16.5 ... 13.0 ... 14.2  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 27.8 ... 26.1 ... 33.2  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Charleston, WVKanawha County West Virginia
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 25,771 100.0 92,446 100.0 883,984 100.0
      Occupied housing units 22,766 88.3 82,250 89.0 740,890 83.8
      Vacant housing units 3,005 11.7 10,196 11.0 143,094 16.2
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 2.90 ... 1.90 ... 1.90  
      Rental vacancy rate 6.60 ... 6.10 ... 7.60  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 25,771 100.0 92,446 100.0 883,984 100.0
    1-unit, detached 17,127 66.5 63,739 68.9 624,312 70.6
    1-unit, attached 860 3.3 2,229 2.4 18,552 2.1
    2 units 1,026 4.0 2,569 2.8 18,692 2.1
    3 or 4 units 2,596 10.1 4,809 5.2 25,809 2.9
    5 to 9 units 924 3.6 3,443 3.7 25,913 2.9
    10 to 19 units 668 2.6 2,067 2.2 15,106 1.7
    20 or more units 2,469 9.6 3,680 4.0 22,499 2.5
    Mobile home 101 0.4 9,900 10.7 132,603 15.0
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 0 0.0 10 0.0 498 0.1
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 25,771 100.0 92,446 100.0 883,984 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 4 0.0 103 0.1 395 0.0
    Built 2010 to 2013 98 0.4 785 0.8 10,767 1.2
    Built 2000 to 2009 883 3.4 7,265 7.9 101,401 11.5
    Built 1990 to 1999 1,361 5.3 9,194 9.9 120,247 13.6
    Built 1980 to 1989 1,913 7.4 9,342 10.1 110,788 12.5
    Built 1970 to 1979 3,554 13.8 14,246 15.4 149,772 16.9
    Built 1960 to 1969 3,517 13.6 11,496 12.4 82,812 9.4
    Built 1950 to 1959 4,588 17.8 15,899 17.2 94,283 10.7
    Built 1940 to 1949 4,162 16.1 11,776 12.7 68,775 7.8
    Built 1939 or earlier 5,691 22.1 12,340 13.3 144,744 16.4
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 25,771 100.0 92,446 100.0 883,984 100.0
    1 room 619 2.4 1,252 1.4 15,109 1.7
    2 rooms 563 2.2 1,497 1.6 12,517 1.4
    3 rooms 2,264 8.8 5,629 6.1 48,845 5.5
    4 rooms 3,757 14.6 14,318 15.5 137,597 15.6
    5 rooms 4,467 17.3 18,789 20.3 197,169 22.3
    6 rooms 4,349 16.9 18,214 19.7 180,610 20.4
    7 rooms 3,133 12.2 13,687 14.8 123,985 14.0
    8 rooms 2,600 10.1 8,850 9.6 79,111 8.9
    9 rooms or more 4,019 15.6 10,210 11.0 89,041 10.1
    Median rooms 6 ... 6 ... 6  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 25,771 100.0 92,446 100.0 883,984 100.0
    No bedroom 684 2.7 1,376 1.5 16,110 1.8
    1 bedroom 3,643 14.1 7,976 8.6 63,844 7.2
    2 bedrooms 7,582 29.4 27,533 29.8 251,733 28.5
    3 bedrooms 9,209 35.7 40,748 44.1 410,508 46.4
    4 bedrooms 3,556 13.8 12,139 13.1 115,326 13.0
    5 or more bedrooms 1,097 4.3 2,674 2.9 26,463 3.0
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 22,766 100.0 82,250 100.0 740,890 100.0
      Owner-occupied 13,309 58.5 57,133 69.5 537,266 72.5
      Renter-occupied 9,457 41.5 25,117 30.5 203,624 27.5
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 3  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 22,766 100.0 82,250 100.0 740,890 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 254 1.1 962 1.2 7,831 1.1
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 7,070 31.1 20,936 25.5 174,636 23.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 7,621 33.5 26,602 32.3 246,688 33.3
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 3,563 15.7 13,822 16.8 128,350 17.3
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 1,650 7.2 7,169 8.7 74,569 10.1
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 2,608 11.5 12,759 15.5 108,816 14.7
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 22,766 100.0 82,250 100.0 740,890 100.0
      No vehicles available 3,277 14.4 7,851 9.5 65,130 8.8
      1 vehicle available 9,746 42.8 32,314 39.3 263,747 35.6
      2 vehicles available 7,203 31.6 30,188 36.7 275,934 37.2
      3 or more vehicles available 2,540 11.2 11,897 14.5 136,079 18.4
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 22,766 100.0 82,250 100.0 740,890 100.0
      Utility gas 13,752 60.4 42,994 52.3 305,648 41.3
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 139 0.6 718 0.9 32,357 4.4
      Electricity 8,689 38.2 36,771 44.7 322,403 43.5
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 0 0.0 165 0.2 21,589 2.9
      Coal or coke 8 0.0 46 0.1 4,559 0.6
      Wood 23 0.1 1,182 1.4 47,774 6.4
      Solar energy 0 0.0 0 0.0 143 0.0
      Other fuel 96 0.4 142 0.2 4,938 0.7
      No fuel used 59 0.3 232 0.3 1,479 0.2
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 22,766 100.0 82,250 100.0 740,890 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 133 0.6 518 0.6 4,322 0.6
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 211 0.9 573 0.7 4,589 0.6
      No telephone service available 527 2.3 1,554 1.9 24,012 3.2
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 22,766 100.0 82,250 100.0 740,890 100.0
      1.00 or less 22,549 99.0 81,424 99.0 730,873 98.6
      1.01 to 1.50 152 0.7 614 0.7 6,892 0.9
      1.51 or more 65 0.3 212 0.3 3,125 0.4
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 13,309 58.5 57,133 69.5 537,266 72.5
      Less than $50,000 1,475 6.5 10,090 12.3 112,780 15.2
      $50,000 to $99,999 2,968 13.0 17,633 21.4 147,055 19.8
      $100,000 to $149,999 2,459 10.8 11,852 14.4 99,316 13.4
      $150,000 to $199,999 1,831 8.0 7,748 9.4 76,657 10.3
      $200,000 to $299,999 2,368 10.4 5,960 7.2 64,278 8.7
      $300,000 to $499,999 1,613 7.1 2,734 3.3 27,730 3.7
      $500,000 to $999,999 522 2.3 858 1.0 7,583 1.0
      $1,000,000 or more 73 0.3 258 0.3 1,867 0.3
      Median (dollars) 144,400 ... 103,100 ... 103,800  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 13,309 100.0 57,133 100.0 537,266 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 7,579 56.9 29,335 51.3 258,101 48.0
      Housing units without a mortgage 5,730 43.1 27,798 48.7 279,165 52.0
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 7,579 100.0 29,335 100.0 258,101 100.0
      Less than $500 312 4.1 1,518 5.2 16,056 6.2
      $500 to $999 2,659 35.1 14,153 48.2 121,058 46.9
      $1,000 to $1,499 2,355 31.1 8,652 29.5 74,851 29.0
      $1,500 to $1,999 1,093 14.4 3,087 10.5 27,925 10.8
      $2,000 to $2,499 483 6.4 928 3.2 10,391 4.0
      $2,500 to $2,999 366 4.8 525 1.8 4,179 1.6
      $3,000 or more 311 4.1 472 1.6 3,641 1.4
      Median (dollars) 1,141 ... 967 ... 966  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 5,730 100.0 27,798 100.0 279,165 100.0
      Less than $250 1,007 17.6 6,950 25.0 101,903 36.5
      $250 to $399 2,243 39.1 12,877 46.3 111,091 39.8
      $400 to $599 1,611 28.1 6,113 22.0 50,653 18.1
      $600 to $799 498 8.7 1,339 4.8 11,481 4.1
      $800 to $999 229 4.0 332 1.2 2,736 1.0
      $1,000 or more 142 2.5 187 0.7 1,301 0.5
      Median (dollars) 375 ... 325 ... 293  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 7,539 100.0 29,170 100.0 256,907 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 4,605 61.1 16,647 57.1 138,543 53.9
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 930 12.3 4,273 14.6 36,091 14.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 638 8.5 2,576 8.8 22,659 8.8
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 382 5.1 1,658 5.7 14,920 5.8
      35.0 percent or more 984 13.1 4,016 13.8 44,694 17.4
             
      Not computed 40 0.5 165 0.6 1,194 0.5
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 5,692 100.0 27,543 100.0 275,763 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 3,120 54.8 14,760 53.6 144,655 52.5
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 1,027 18.0 5,146 18.7 52,501 19.0
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 643 11.3 2,956 10.7 27,685 10.0
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 288 5.1 1,590 5.8 16,681 6.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 179 3.1 1,151 4.2 10,211 3.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 170 3.0 560 2.0 5,786 2.1
      35.0 percent or more 265 4.7 1,380 5.0 18,244 6.6
             
      Not computed 38 0.7 255 0.9 3,402 1.2
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 8,853 100.0 22,114 100.0 170,386 100.0
      Less than $500 2,134 24.1 4,522 20.4 46,669 27.4
      $500 to $999 5,369 60.6 14,764 66.8 101,720 59.7
      $1,000 to $1,499 1,051 11.9 2,406 10.9 17,976 10.6
      $1,500 to $1,999 147 1.7 206 0.9 2,836 1.7
      $2,000 to $2,499 41 0.5 77 0.3 752 0.4
      $2,500 to $2,999 9 0.1 9 0.0 174 0.1
      $3,000 or more 102 1.2 130 0.6 259 0.2
      Median (dollars) 691 ... 698 ... 643  
             
      No rent paid 604 6.8 3,003 13.6 33,238 19.5
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 8,767 100.0 21,805 100.0 164,313 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 1,642 18.7 4,290 19.7 29,316 17.8
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 1,201 13.7 3,224 14.8 20,198 12.3
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,115 12.7 2,790 12.8 19,223 11.7
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 831 9.5 2,197 10.1 17,062 10.4
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 805 9.2 1,797 8.2 15,039 9.2
      35.0 percent or more 3,173 36.2 7,507 34.4 63,475 38.6
             
      Housing Units 690 7.9 3,312 15.2 39,311 23.9
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
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