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Updated 04/27/18

 
 
Madison, WI [5548000]
  .. Demographic-Economic Profile

This document is part of the ProximityOne America's Communities Program. It is unique both in content and the manner in which data are provided for consumption and use. It is an important resource for leaders and stakeholders in assessing current conditions and planning for the future. Working with neighborhoods, cities, businesses and stakeholder organizations, ProximityOne uses these data in combination with models and other data to forecast/examine alternative future scenatios.

This document is comprised of the lead narrative section followed by structured data tables. The tables provide detailed characteristics of the city/place in context of corresponding county and state. This document is updated periodically as new and refreshed data become available.

Contents
  • Overview Narrative
  • 01 Trends
  • 02.1 General Demographics
  • 02.2 Social Characteristics
  • 02.3 Economic Characteristics
  • 02.4 Housing Characteristics
  • 03. Using this Document; About these & Related Data

Overview. Madison is located in Dane County (55025). The population of Madison changed from 233,631 in 2010 to 252,551 in 2016; a change of 18,920 (8.1%). The county population changed from 489,190 to 531,273, a change of 42,083 (8.6%) during the same period.

Madison is located in the Madison, WI MSA (CBSA 31540). The CBSA population changed from 606,556 to 648,929 during the period 2010 to 2016, a change of 42,373 (7.0%) Among all 933 CBSAs, this CBSA ranked 86th based on 2016 population, 63rd based on 2010 to 2016 population change, and 113rd based on 2010 to 2016 percent population change.

Race/Ethnicity. Based on the most recent ACS 2015 5-year estimates, the total resident population was 243,122. The population of one race include 78.9% White alone, 6.9% Black alone, 0.3% American Indian/Alaska Native alone, 8.4% Asian alone, and 0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander alone. The Hispanic population (of any race) was 7.0% of the total population. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.1 below.

Housing, Households, Economic Situation. Of the 108,824 total housing units, 104,087 were occupied housing units (households) or 95.6% of total units. Of the 49,793 owner-occupied units, the median housing value was $212,500. Of the 49,793 renter-occupied units paying rent, the median rent was $939. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.4 below.

Among the 50,256 family households, 8.7% had income below poverty level in the previous year. Among the total population, 19.0% had income below poverty level in the previous year. The median household income was $54,896 with median family income of $78,580. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.3 below.

Education. Of the 80,945 population 3 years and over enrolled in school, 20,608 were enrolled in grades K-8. Among the 150,195 population 25 years and over, 94.8% were high school graduates and 55.1% were college graduates. These characteristics are based on more detailed data in section 02.2 below.

01. Demographic Trends - goto top

Demographic Trends Madison, WIDane County Wisconsin
   Value Pct Value Pct Value Pct
    Population 2010 233,631   489,190   5,690,263  
    Population 2011 & 2010-11 % change 237,024 1.45 496,460 1.49 5,709,640 0.34
    Population 2012 & 2011-12 % change 240,027 1.27 503,438 1.41 5,726,177 0.29
    Population 2013 & 2012-13 % change 243,244 1.34 510,007 1.30 5,742,854 0.29
    Population 2014 & 2013-14 % change 245,834 1.06 516,494 1.27 5,758,377 0.27
    Population 2015 & 2014-15 % change 248,613 1.13 522,878 1.24 5,767,891 0.17
    Population 2016 & 2015-16 % change 252,551 1.58 531,273 1.61 5,778,708 0.19
             

02.1. General Demographics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP1 -- GENERAL DEMOGRAPHICS Madison, WIDane County Wisconsin
             
 GENDER & AGE            
    Total population 243,122 100.0 510,198 100.0 5,742,117 100.0
      Male 119,844 49.3 252,850 49.6 2,851,385 49.7
      Female 123,278 50.7 257,348 50.4 2,890,732 50.3
             
      Under 5 years 13,706 5.6 30,736 6.0 344,395 6.0
      5 to 9 years 11,992 4.9 31,127 6.1 366,040 6.4
      10 to 14 years 10,560 4.3 29,337 5.8 372,498 6.5
      15 to 19 years 18,328 7.5 33,978 6.7 387,817 6.8
      20 to 24 years 38,341 15.8 52,336 10.3 398,248 6.9
      25 to 34 years 46,282 19.0 80,465 15.8 729,281 12.7
      35 to 44 years 28,459 11.7 65,809 12.9 696,989 12.1
      45 to 54 years 26,284 10.8 67,092 13.2 833,275 14.5
      55 to 59 years 12,405 5.1 32,044 6.3 410,478 7.1
      60 to 64 years 11,540 4.7 28,748 5.6 354,899 6.2
      65 to 74 years 13,821 5.7 33,538 6.6 461,073 8.0
      75 to 84 years 7,338 3.0 16,645 3.3 263,030 4.6
      85 years and over 4,066 1.7 8,343 1.6 124,094 2.2
             
      Median age (years) 30.9 ... 34.6 ... 39.0  
             
      18 years and over 200,666 82.5 401,698 78.7 4,432,794 77.2
      21 years and over 179,639 73.9 373,756 73.3 4,186,794 72.9
      62 years and over 31,526 13.0 75,130 14.7 1,053,683 18.4
      65 years and over 25,225 10.4 58,526 11.5 848,197 14.8
             
      18 years and over 200,666 82.5 401,698 78.7 4,432,794 77.2
        Male 97,885 40.3 197,101 38.6 2,181,521 38.0
        Female 102,781 42.3 204,597 40.1 2,251,273 39.2
             
      65 years and over 25,225 10.4 58,526 11.5 848,197 14.8
        Male 10,564 4.3 25,698 5.0 376,557 6.6
        Female 14,661 6.0 32,828 6.4 471,640 8.2
             
 RACE            
    Total population 243,122 100.0 510,198 100.0 5,742,117 100.0
      One race 234,732 96.5 495,800 97.2 5,619,387 97.9
      Two or more races 8,390 3.5 14,398 2.8 122,730 2.1
             
    One race 234,732 96.5 495,800 97.2 5,619,387 97.9
      White 191,715 78.9 430,716 84.4 4,967,124 86.5
      Black or African American 16,786 6.9 26,527 5.2 360,792 6.3
      American Indian and Alaska Native 756 0.3 1,241 0.2 50,449 0.9
        Cherokee tribal grouping 66 0.0 76 0.0 828 0.0
        Chippewa tribal grouping 166 0.1 252 0.0 15,736 0.3
        Navajo tribal grouping 0 0.0 0 0.0 259 0.0
        Sioux tribal grouping 15 0.0 18 0.0 874 0.0
      Asian 20,443 8.4 27,576 5.4 143,732 2.5
        Asian Indian 4,197 1.7 5,817 1.1 27,658 0.5
        Chinese 6,272 2.6 7,376 1.4 20,973 0.4
        Filipino 546 0.2 1,036 0.2 8,723 0.2
        Japanese 429 0.2 548 0.1 2,769 0.0
        Korean 2,065 0.8 2,533 0.5 8,272 0.1
        Vietnamese 435 0.2 552 0.1 5,102 0.1
        Other Asian 6,499 2.7 9,714 1.9 70,235 1.2
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 12 0.0 120 0.0 1,233 0.0
        Native Hawaiian 0 0.0 3 0.0 414 0.0
        Guamanian or Chamorro 12 0.0 91 0.0 326 0.0
        Samoan 0 0.0 17 0.0 219 0.0
        Other Pacific Islander 0 0.0 9 0.0 274 0.0
      Some other race 5,020 2.1 9,620 1.9 96,057 1.7
    Two or more races 8,390 3.5 14,398 2.8 122,730 2.1
      White and Black or African American 3,092 1.3 5,603 1.1 40,561 0.7
      White and American Indian and Alaska Native 1,194 0.5 2,387 0.5 30,838 0.5
      White and Asian 1,940 0.8 3,170 0.6 20,022 0.3
      Black or African American & American Indian & Alaska Native 378 0.2 444 0.1 4,185 0.1
             
 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races            
    Total population 243,122 100.0 510,198 100.0 5,742,117 100.0
      White 199,179 81.9 443,757 87.0 5,078,473 88.4
      Black or African American 20,978 8.6 33,699 6.6 415,117 7.2
      American Indian and Alaska Native 2,786 1.1 4,793 0.9 92,606 1.6
      Asian 22,860 9.4 31,393 6.2 169,762 3.0
      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 241 0.1 481 0.1 5,409 0.1
      Some other race 6,021 2.5 11,281 2.2 111,985 2.0
             
 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE            
    Total population 243,122 100.0 510,198 100.0 5,742,117 100.0
      Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 17,025 7.0 31,486 6.2 364,558 6.3
        Mexican 12,237 5.0 22,233 4.4 266,834 4.6
        Puerto Rican 1,660 0.7 2,636 0.5 52,658 0.9
        Cuban 457 0.2 761 0.1 3,927 0.1
        Other Hispanic or Latino 2,671 1.1 5,856 1.1 41,139 0.7
      Not Hispanic or Latino 226,097 93.0 478,712 93.8 5,377,559 93.7
        White alone 181,439 74.6 412,357 80.8 4,729,911 82.4
        Black or African American alone 16,333 6.7 25,585 5.0 354,364 6.2
        American Indian and Alaska Native alone 648 0.3 1,042 0.2 46,165 0.8
        Asian alone 20,325 8.4 27,404 5.4 142,833 2.5
        Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 12 0.0 118 0.0 1,081 0.0
        Some other race alone 203 0.1 223 0.0 3,922 0.1
        Two or more races 7,137 2.9 11,983 2.3 99,283 1.7
         Two races including Some other race 235 0.1 321 0.1 2,339 0.0
         Two races excluding Some other race & 3 or more races 6,902 2.8 11,662 2.3 96,944 1.7
             
    Total housing units 108,824 ... 220,503 ... 2,641,627  
             
 CITIZEN, VOTING AGE POPULATION            
    Citizen, 18 and over population 184,557 75.9 378,450 74.2 4,294,321 74.8
      Male 89,271 36.7 184,340 36.1 2,106,983 36.7
      Female 95,286 39.2 194,110 38.0 2,187,338 38.1
             

02.2. Social Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP2 -- SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Madison, WIDane County Wisconsin
             
 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE            
    Total households 104,087 100.0 211,114 100.0 2,299,107 100.0
      Family households (families) 50,256 48.3 122,178 57.9 1,469,290 63.9
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 22,670 21.8 56,189 26.6 630,382 27.4
      Married-couple family 37,354 35.9 95,568 45.3 1,136,134 49.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 15,099 14.5 39,761 18.8 428,168 18.6
      Male householder, no wife present, family 4,043 3.9 8,254 3.9 102,265 4.4
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 2,187 2.1 4,719 2.2 57,803 2.5
      Female householder, no husband present, family 8,859 8.5 18,356 8.7 230,891 10.0
        With own children of the householder under 18 years 5,384 5.2 11,709 5.5 144,411 6.3
      Nonfamily households 53,831 51.7 88,936 42.1 829,817 36.1
        Householder living alone 36,647 35.2 64,551 30.6 666,869 29.0
         65 years and over 8,141 7.8 17,317 8.2 248,775 10.8
             
      Households with one or more people under 18 years 23,758 22.8 58,944 27.9 679,743 29.6
      Households with one or more people 65 years and over 18,089 17.4 41,451 19.6 592,318 25.8
             
      Average household size 2.22 ... 2.35 ... 2.43  
      Average family size 2.89 ... 2.96 ... 3.01  
             
 RELATIONSHIP            
    Population in households 231,280 100.0 496,039 100.0 5,593,313 100.0
      Householder 104,087 45.0 211,114 42.6 2,299,107 41.1
      Spouse 37,382 16.2 95,575 19.3 1,135,445 20.3
      Child 50,060 21.6 128,602 25.9 1,605,234 28.7
      Other relatives 7,353 3.2 14,806 3.0 210,309 3.8
      Nonrelatives 32,398 14.0 45,942 9.3 343,218 6.1
        Unmarried partner 8,943 3.9 16,073 3.2 158,413 2.8
             
 MARITAL STATUS            
    Males 15 years and over 100,944 100.0 205,906 100.0 2,297,251 100.0
      Never married 51,490 51.0 83,094 40.4 796,193 34.7
      Now married, except separated 39,725 39.4 100,418 48.8 1,193,054 51.9
      Separated 893 0.9 1,859 0.9 22,002 1.0
      Widowed 1,448 1.4 3,413 1.7 57,953 2.5
      Divorced 7,388 7.3 17,122 8.3 228,049 9.9
             
    Females 15 years and over 105,920 100.0 213,092 100.0 2,361,933 100.0
      Never married 48,760 46.0 75,225 35.3 673,303 28.5
      Now married, except separated 39,188 37.0 98,550 46.2 1,178,284 49.9
      Separated 1,358 1.3 2,869 1.3 29,582 1.3
      Widowed 5,580 5.3 13,087 6.1 209,946 8.9
      Divorced 11,034 10.4 23,361 11.0 270,818 11.5
             
 FERTILITY            
    Women 15 to 50 years old who had a birth in past 12 months 2,817 100.0 6,001 100.0 67,476 100.0
      Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never married) 673 23.9 1,375 22.9 21,770 32.3
        Per 1,000 unmarried women 14 0.5 18 0.3 30 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 39 1.4 45 0.7 51 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 9 0.3 10 0.2 12 0.0
      Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 53 1.9 70 1.2 95 0.1
      Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 23 0.8 24 0.4 22 0.0
             
 GRANDPARENTS            
    Grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years 1,229 100.0 3,714 100.0 71,505 100.0
      Grandparents responsible for grandchildren 421 34.3 1,234 33.2 26,895 37.6
      Years responsible for grandchildren ... ... ... ... ...  
        Less than 1 year 108 8.8 445 12.0 6,556 9.2
        1 or 2 years 30 2.4 108 2.9 5,895 8.2
        3 or 4 years 44 3.6 151 4.1 4,847 6.8
        5 or more years 239 19.4 530 14.3 9,597 13.4
             
    Grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years 421 100.0 1,234 100.0 26,895 100.0
      Who are female 310 73.6 753 61.0 16,930 62.9
      Who are married 241 57.2 807 65.4 18,477 68.7
             
 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT            
    Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 80,945 100.0 149,599 100.0 1,477,783 100.0
      Nursery school, preschool 3,286 4.1 8,259 5.5 78,024 5.3
      Kindergarten 2,635 3.3 6,676 4.5 86,715 5.9
      Elementary school (grades 1-8) 17,973 22.2 47,962 32.1 586,151 39.7
      High school (grades 9-12) 8,557 10.6 23,220 15.5 307,667 20.8
      College or graduate school 48,494 59.9 63,482 42.4 419,226 28.4
             
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT            
    Population 25 years and over 150,195 100.0 332,684 100.0 3,873,119 100.0
      Less than 9th grade 3,443 2.3 6,642 2.0 120,970 3.1
      9th to 12th grade, no diploma 4,366 2.9 10,052 3.0 226,458 5.8
      High school graduate (includes equivalency) 22,622 15.1 63,169 19.0 1,239,523 32.0
      Some college, no degree 25,030 16.7 61,397 18.5 817,990 21.1
      Associate's degree 12,039 8.0 32,016 9.6 390,482 10.1
      Bachelor's degree 46,258 30.8 94,056 28.3 713,858 18.4
      Graduate or professional degree 36,437 24.3 65,352 19.6 363,838 9.4
             
      Percent high school graduate or higher 94.80 ... 95.00 ... 91.00  
      Percent bachelor's degree or higher 55.10 ... 47.90 ... 27.80  
             
 VETERAN STATUS            
    Civilian population 18 years and over 200,542 100.0 401,447 100.0 4,430,290 100.0
      Civilian veterans 10,070 5.0 26,237 6.5 381,940 8.6
             
 DISABILITY STATUS OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION            
    Total Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population 241,321 100.0 506,157 100.0 5,668,363 100.0
      With a disability 20,659 8.6 44,714 8.8 660,830 11.7
             
    Under 18 years 42,427 17.6 108,465 21.4 1,307,902 23.1
      With a disability 1,690 0.7 3,981 0.8 56,337 1.0
             
    18 to 64 years 174,548 72.3 340,901 67.4 3,541,470 62.5
      With a disability 11,601 4.8 23,659 4.7 341,121 6.0
             
    65 years and over 24,346 10.1 56,791 11.2 818,991 14.4
      With a disability 7,368 3.1 17,074 3.4 263,372 4.6
             
 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO            
    Population 1 year and over 240,358 100.0 504,278 100.0 5,678,082 100.0
      Same house 172,966 72.0 400,433 79.4 4,869,212 85.8
      Different house in the U.S. 63,750 26.5 99,508 19.7 790,480 13.9
        Same county 42,046 17.5 65,898 13.1 491,930 8.7
        Different county 21,704 9.0 33,610 6.7 298,550 5.3
         Same state 10,179 4.2 16,671 3.3 192,189 3.4
         Different state 11,525 4.8 16,939 3.4 106,361 1.9
      Abroad 3,642 1.5 4,337 0.9 18,390 0.3
             
 PLACE OF BIRTH            
    Total population 243,122 100.0 510,198 100.0 5,742,117 100.0
      Native 216,116 88.9 468,954 91.9 5,468,728 95.2
        Born in United States 213,420 87.8 464,732 91.1 5,424,162 94.5
         State of residence 132,487 54.5 316,755 62.1 4,105,470 71.5
         Different state 80,933 33.3 147,977 29.0 1,318,692 23.0
        Born in P.R., U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s) 2,696 1.1 4,222 0.8 44,566 0.8
      Foreign born 27,006 11.1 41,244 8.1 273,389 4.8
             
 U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS            
    Foreign-born population 27,006 100.0 41,244 100.0 273,389 100.0
      Naturalized U.S. citizen 9,612 35.6 15,681 38.0 120,022 43.9
      Not a U.S. citizen 17,394 64.4 25,563 62.0 153,367 56.1
             
 YEAR OF ENTRY            
    Population born outside the United States 29,702 100.0 45,466 100.0 317,955 100.0
             
      Native 2,696 9.1 4,222 9.3 44,566 14.0
        Entered 2010 or later 182 0.6 231 0.5 3,094 1.0
        Entered before 2010 2,514 8.5 3,991 8.8 41,472 13.0
             
      Foreign born 27,006 90.9 41,244 90.7 273,389 86.0
        Entered 2010 or later 6,098 20.5 7,923 17.4 32,410 10.2
        Entered before 2010 20,908 70.4 33,321 73.3 240,979 75.8
             
 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN            
    Foreign-born population, excluding population born at sea 27,006 100.0 41,244 100.0 273,383 100.0
      Europe 3,380 12.5 5,668 13.7 48,593 17.8
      Asia 14,310 53.0 18,943 45.9 94,077 34.4
      Africa 1,341 5.0 2,158 5.2 10,722 3.9
      Oceania 141 0.5 239 0.6 1,228 0.4
      Latin America 7,171 26.6 12,950 31.4 111,931 40.9
      Northern America 663 2.5 1,286 3.1 6,832 2.5
             
 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME            
    Population 5 years and over 229,416 100.0 479,462 100.0 5,397,722 100.0
      English only 193,231 84.2 422,506 88.1 4,929,161 91.3
      Language other than English 36,185 15.8 56,956 11.9 468,561 8.7
        Speak English less than "very well" 13,790 6.0 21,367 4.5 174,070 3.2
      Spanish 13,634 5.9 24,821 5.2 246,853 4.6
        Speak English less than "very well" 5,673 2.5 10,806 2.3 101,536 1.9
      Other Indo-European languages 7,505 3.3 12,181 2.5 110,282 2.0
        Speak English less than "very well" 1,707 0.7 2,634 0.5 28,299 0.5
      Asian and Pacific Islander languages 13,704 6.0 17,860 3.7 92,022 1.7
        Speak English less than "very well" 5,934 2.6 7,202 1.5 38,376 0.7
      Other languages 1,342 0.6 2,094 0.4 19,404 0.4
        Speak English less than "very well" 476 0.2 725 0.2 5,859 0.1
             
 ANCESTRY            
    Total population 243,122 100.0 510,198 100.0 5,742,117 100.0
      American 6,349 2.6 16,091 3.2 218,145 3.8
      Arab 1,020 0.4 1,464 0.3 13,714 0.2
      Czech 2,909 1.2 6,796 1.3 91,929 1.6
      Danish 2,871 1.2 5,091 1.0 58,546 1.0
      Dutch 4,857 2.0 9,980 2.0 144,540 2.5
      English 20,326 8.4 43,683 8.6 326,962 5.7
      French (except Basque) 6,945 2.9 14,663 2.9 184,173 3.2
      French Canadian 1,365 0.6 3,065 0.6 53,636 0.9
      German 81,333 33.5 196,611 38.5 2,356,247 41.0
      Greek 753 0.3 1,444 0.3 16,386 0.3
      Hungarian 1,258 0.5 2,150 0.4 23,581 0.4
      Irish 33,494 13.8 71,270 14.0 626,561 10.9
      Italian 10,402 4.3 20,361 4.0 199,335 3.5
      Lithuanian 789 0.3 1,301 0.3 13,150 0.2
      Norwegian 19,733 8.1 56,891 11.2 440,655 7.7
      Polish 13,406 5.5 26,406 5.2 505,956 8.8
      Portuguese 202 0.1 412 0.1 2,767 0.0
      Russian 2,743 1.1 4,425 0.9 36,597 0.6
      Scotch-Irish 1,613 0.7 3,009 0.6 23,736 0.4
      Scottish 3,949 1.6 8,025 1.6 62,278 1.1
      Slovak 426 0.2 795 0.2 12,144 0.2
      Subsaharan African 2,256 0.9 3,696 0.7 30,142 0.5
      Swedish 5,910 2.4 12,938 2.5 145,774 2.5
      Swiss 3,106 1.3 9,288 1.8 57,368 1.0
      Ukrainian 800 0.3 1,547 0.3 9,848 0.2
      Welsh 1,821 0.7 4,175 0.8 27,937 0.5
      West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 309 0.1 494 0.1 5,010 0.1
             
 COMPUTERS AND INTERNET USE            
    Total households -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a computer -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
      With a broadband Internet subscription -9 ... -9 ... -9 ...
             

02.3. Economic Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP3 -- ECONOMIC CHARCTERISTICS Madison, WIDane County Wisconsin
             
 EMPLOYMENT STATUS            
    Population 16 years and over 204,869 100.0 413,418 100.0 4,583,931 100.0
      In labor force 148,592 72.5 302,324 73.1 3,079,657 67.2
        Civilian labor force 148,468 72.5 302,073 73.1 3,077,153 67.1
         Employed 140,526 68.6 287,151 69.5 2,883,390 62.9
         Unemployed 7,942 3.9 14,922 3.6 193,763 4.2
        Armed Forces 124 0.1 251 0.1 2,504 0.1
      Not in labor force 56,277 27.5 111,094 26.9 1,504,274 32.8
             
    Civilian labor force 148,468 72.5 302,073 73.1 3,077,153 67.1
      Unemployment Rate 5.3 ... 4.9 ... 6.3  
             
    Females 16 years and over 104,815 51.2 210,207 50.8 2,325,371 50.7
      In labor force 73,410 35.8 146,415 35.4 1,476,928 32.2
        Civilian labor force 73,410 35.8 146,397 35.4 1,476,607 32.2
         Employed 69,711 34.0 139,887 33.8 1,393,723 30.4
             
    Own children of the householder under 6 years 15,432 7.5 35,833 8.7 404,537 8.8
      All parents in family in labor force 12,199 6.0 28,205 6.8 296,044 6.5
             
    Own children of the householder 6 to 17 years 25,534 12.5 69,359 16.8 851,168 18.6
      All parents in family in labor force 19,888 9.7 54,771 13.2 658,495 14.4
             
 COMMUTING TO WORK            
    Workers 16 years and over 137,676 100.0 281,860 100.0 2,835,551 100.0
      Car, truck, or van -- drove alone 87,233 63.4 205,438 72.9 2,284,262 80.6
      Car, truck, or van -- carpooled 10,818 7.9 22,566 8.0 239,117 8.4
      Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 12,750 9.3 15,144 5.4 53,879 1.9
      Walked 13,113 9.5 15,872 5.6 94,202 3.3
      Other means 8,224 6.0 9,979 3.5 48,296 1.7
      Worked at home 5,538 4.0 12,861 4.6 115,795 4.1
             
      Mean travel time to work (minutes) 19 ... 21 ... 22  
             
 OCCUPATION            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 140,526 100.0 287,151 100.0 2,883,390 100.0
      Management, business, science, and arts occupations 73,560 52.3 140,213 48.8 996,016 34.5
      Service occupations 23,573 16.8 44,573 15.5 490,498 17.0
      Sales and office occupations 28,266 20.1 62,381 21.7 665,207 23.1
      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 4,803 3.4 15,708 5.5 245,698 8.5
      Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 10,324 7.3 24,276 8.5 485,971 16.9
             
 INDUSTRY            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 140,526 100.0 287,151 100.0 2,883,390 100.0
      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 692 0.5 3,893 1.4 71,069 2.5
      Construction 3,388 2.4 11,625 4.0 153,703 5.3
      Manufacturing 10,259 7.3 25,822 9.0 532,873 18.5
      Wholesale trade 2,551 1.8 6,730 2.3 76,802 2.7
      Retail trade 12,687 9.0 28,331 9.9 325,573 11.3
      Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 3,201 2.3 7,784 2.7 125,112 4.3
      Information 4,724 3.4 8,425 2.9 47,677 1.7
      Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 10,269 7.3 23,982 8.4 176,228 6.1
      Professional, scientific, mgmt, & admin & waste mgmt services 20,611 14.7 36,915 12.9 232,821 8.1
      Educational services, and health care and social assistance 44,486 31.7 81,885 28.5 671,113 23.3
      Arts, entertainment,& recreation, & accommodation & food services 15,078 10.7 25,474 8.9 249,741 8.7
      Other services, except public administration 6,020 4.3 12,126 4.2 120,056 4.2
      Public administration 6,560 4.7 14,159 4.9 100,622 3.5
             
 CLASS OF WORKER            
    Civilian employed population 16 years and over 140,526 100.0 287,151 100.0 2,883,390 100.0
      Private wage and salary workers 100,116 71.2 213,204 74.2 2,372,385 82.3
      Government workers 35,186 25.0 60,604 21.1 357,379 12.4
      Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers 5,100 3.6 13,012 4.5 148,385 5.1
      Unpaid family workers 124 0.1 331 0.1 5,241 0.2
             
 INCOME & BENEFITS (2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)            
    Total households 104,087 100.0 211,114 100.0 2,299,107 100.0
      Less than $10,000 8,443 8.1 11,795 5.6 135,178 5.9
      $10,000 to $14,999 5,244 5.0 8,476 4.0 118,516 5.2
      $15,000 to $24,999 9,912 9.5 17,568 8.3 246,425 10.7
      $25,000 to $34,999 10,315 9.9 19,222 9.1 243,212 10.6
      $35,000 to $49,999 13,872 13.3 27,246 12.9 330,623 14.4
      $50,000 to $74,999 19,173 18.4 39,143 18.5 452,627 19.7
      $75,000 to $99,999 13,027 12.5 29,235 13.8 310,541 13.5
      $100,000 to $149,999 14,536 14.0 33,758 16.0 297,963 13.0
      $150,000 to $199,999 5,250 5.0 13,425 6.4 88,992 3.9
      $200,000 or more 4,315 4.1 11,246 5.3 75,030 3.3
      Median household income (dollars) 54,896 ... 62,865 ... 53,357  
      Mean household income (dollars) 73,324 ... 82,258 ... 69,333  
             
      With earnings 88,674 85.2 179,089 84.8 1,800,252 78.3
        Mean earnings (dollars) 70,373 ... 79,794 ... 70,201  
      With Social Security 20,451 19.6 47,328 22.4 699,456 30.4
        Mean Social Security income (dollars) 18,993 ... 19,387 ... 18,373  
      With retirement income 14,871 14.3 34,134 16.2 417,825 18.2
        Mean retirement income (dollars) 30,135 ... 27,699 ... 21,001  
             
      With Supplemental Security Income 3,411 3.3 6,545 3.1 105,604 4.6
        Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 10,790 ... 10,681 ... 9,874  
      With cash public assistance income 1,573 1.5 3,216 1.5 50,920 2.2
        Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 3,533 ... 3,602 ... 3,089  
      With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months 10,361 10.0 19,801 9.4 296,262 12.9
             
    Families 50,256 100.0 122,178 100.0 1,469,290 100.0
      Less than $10,000 2,161 4.3 3,316 2.7 51,076 3.5
      $10,000 to $14,999 1,076 2.1 2,012 1.6 38,397 2.6
      $15,000 to $24,999 2,813 5.6 6,024 4.9 97,425 6.6
      $25,000 to $34,999 3,065 6.1 6,981 5.7 122,923 8.4
      $35,000 to $49,999 5,182 10.3 12,140 9.9 194,286 13.2
      $50,000 to $74,999 9,497 18.9 22,204 18.2 311,908 21.2
      $75,000 to $99,999 8,043 16.0 20,577 16.8 248,899 16.9
      $100,000 to $149,999 10,832 21.6 27,425 22.4 257,979 17.6
      $150,000 to $199,999 4,114 8.2 11,550 9.5 79,601 5.4
      $200,000 or more 3,473 6.9 9,949 8.1 66,796 4.5
      Median family income (dollars) 78,580 ... 84,619 ... 68,064  
      Mean family income (dollars) 97,322 ... 104,238 ... 83,469  
             
      Per capita income (dollars) 32,061 ... 34,562 ... 28,340  
             
    Nonfamily households 53,831 ... 88,936 ... 829,817  
      Median nonfamily income (dollars) 37,708 ... 39,514 ... 31,395  
      Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 49,435 ... 50,026 ... 41,852  
             
    Median earnings for workers (dollars) 27,311 ... 32,337 ... 30,721  
    Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 51,028 ... 52,586 ... 48,321  
    Median earnings for female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 42,673 ... 44,095 ... 37,804  
             
 HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE            
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 241,321 100.0 506,157 100.0 5,668,363 100.0
      With health insurance coverage 225,431 93.4 475,578 94.0 5,219,979 92.1
        With private health insurance 196,417 81.4 417,538 82.5 4,141,640 73.1
        With public coverage 53,119 22.0 114,271 22.6 1,798,676 31.7
      No health insurance coverage 15,890 6.6 30,579 6.0 448,384 7.9
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years 42,427 100.0 108,465 100.0 1,307,902 100.0
      No health insurance coverage 1,227 ... 3,054 ... 56,055  
             
    Civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years 174,548 100.0 340,901 100.0 3,541,470 100.0
      In labor force: 141,735 81.2 285,214 83.7 2,884,190 81.4
        Employed: 134,377 77.0 271,550 79.7 2,705,979 76.4
         With health insurance coverage 124,708 71.4 252,467 74.1 2,452,694 69.3
         With private health insurance 118,676 68.0 240,927 70.7 2,269,612 64.1
         With public coverage 7,955 4.6 15,759 4.6 242,355 6.8
         No health insurance coverage 9,669 5.5 19,083 5.6 253,285 7.2
        Unemployed: 7,358 4.2 13,664 4.0 178,211 5.0
         With health insurance coverage 5,312 3.0 10,171 3.0 122,562 3.5
         With private health insurance 4,003 2.3 7,242 2.1 70,732 2.0
         With public coverage 1,539 0.9 3,411 1.0 56,998 1.6
         No health insurance coverage 2,046 1.2 3,493 1.0 55,649 1.6
      Not in labor force: 32,813 18.8 55,687 16.3 657,280 18.6
        With health insurance coverage 30,045 17.2 51,002 15.0 576,730 16.3
         With private health insurance 24,611 14.1 41,246 12.1 375,766 10.6
         With public coverage 7,124 4.1 13,381 3.9 253,908 7.2
        No health insurance coverage 2,768 1.6 4,685 1.4 80,550 2.3
             
 Percent Families & People W/Income Past 12 Mo Below Poverty Level            
    All families 8.7 ... 6.5 ... 8.6  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 15.4 ... 11.3 ... 15.0  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 13.6 ... 11.1 ... 17.1  
    Married couple families 2.7 ... 2.2 ... 3.5  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 4.4 ... 3.4 ... 5.3  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 2.8 ... 2.1 ... 4.7  
    Families with female householder, no husband present 28.7 ... 25.0 ... 30.6  
      With related children of the householder under 18 years 40.6 ... 34.0 ... 39.7  
        With related children of the householder under 5 years only 42.2 ... 40.0 ... 49.5  
             
    All people 19.0 ... 12.9 ... 13.0  
    Under 18 years 19.5 ... 13.9 ... 17.8  
      Related children of the householder under 18 years 19.1 ... 13.6 ... 17.4  
        Related children of the householder under 5 years 20.4 ... 15.3 ... 21.1  
        Related children of the householder 5 to 17 years 18.5 ... 12.9 ... 16.1  
    18 years and over 18.8 ... 12.7 ... 11.5  
    18 to 64 years 20.9 ... 14.0 ... 12.4  
    65 years and over 4.9 ... 4.9 ... 7.7  
    People in families 10.1 ... 7.5 ... 9.8  
    Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 33.8 ... 27.5 ... 25.0  
             

02.4. Housing Characteristics - ACS 2015 5-year estimates - goto top

DP4 -- HOUSING CHARCTERISTICS Madison, WIDane County Wisconsin
             
 HOUSING OCCUPANCY            
    Total housing units 108,824 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
      Occupied housing units 104,087 95.6 2,986 85.2 2,986 85.2
      Vacant housing units 4,737 4.4 520 14.8 520 14.8
             
      Homeowner vacancy rate 2.10 ... 1.70 ... 1.70  
      Rental vacancy rate 2.10 ... 4.10 ... 4.10  
             
 UNITS IN STRUCTURE            
    Total housing units 108,824 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1-unit, detached 46,775 43.0 2,327 66.4 2,327 66.4
    1-unit, attached 5,721 5.3 58 1.7 58 1.7
    2 units 5,482 5.0 62 1.8 62 1.8
    3 or 4 units 8,744 8.0 35 1.0 35 1.0
    5 to 9 units 9,781 9.0 64 1.8 64 1.8
    10 to 19 units 8,420 7.7 19 0.5 19 0.5
    20 or more units 23,164 21.3 78 2.2 78 2.2
    Mobile home 726 0.7 860 24.5 860 24.5
    Boat, RV, van, etc. 11 0.0 3 0.1 3 0.1
             
 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT            
    Total housing units 108,824 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    Built 2014 or later 58 0.1 17 0.5 17 0.5
    Built 2010 to 2013 1,787 1.6 43 1.2 43 1.2
    Built 2000 to 2009 17,808 16.4 449 12.8 449 12.8
    Built 1990 to 1999 14,789 13.6 362 10.3 362 10.3
    Built 1980 to 1989 11,756 10.8 525 15.0 525 15.0
    Built 1970 to 1979 16,707 15.4 648 18.5 648 18.5
    Built 1960 to 1969 13,019 12.0 252 7.2 252 7.2
    Built 1950 to 1959 12,613 11.6 541 15.4 541 15.4
    Built 1940 to 1949 5,222 4.8 284 8.1 284 8.1
    Built 1939 or earlier 15,065 13.8 385 11.0 385 11.0
             
 ROOMS            
    Total housing units 108,824 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    1 room 4,404 4.0 118 3.4 118 3.4
    2 rooms 6,087 5.6 74 2.1 74 2.1
    3 rooms 15,578 14.3 246 7.0 246 7.0
    4 rooms 21,037 19.3 599 17.1 599 17.1
    5 rooms 19,049 17.5 762 21.7 762 21.7
    6 rooms 14,515 13.3 614 17.5 614 17.5
    7 rooms 11,297 10.4 489 13.9 489 13.9
    8 rooms 7,866 7.2 269 7.7 269 7.7
    9 rooms or more 8,991 8.3 335 9.6 335 9.6
    Median rooms 5 ... 5 ... 5  
             
 BEDROOMS            
    Total housing units 108,824 100.0 3,506 100.0 3,506 100.0
    No bedroom 5,050 4.6 118 3.4 118 3.4
    1 bedroom 18,504 17.0 296 8.4 296 8.4
    2 bedrooms 34,688 31.9 892 25.4 892 25.4
    3 bedrooms 34,753 31.9 1,426 40.7 1,426 40.7
    4 bedrooms 12,893 11.8 717 20.5 717 20.5
    5 or more bedrooms 2,936 2.7 57 1.6 57 1.6
             
 HOUSING TENURE            
    Occupied housing units 104,087 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Owner-occupied 49,793 47.8 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Renter-occupied 54,294 52.2 656 22.0 656 22.0
             
      Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
      Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2 ... 2 ... 2  
             
 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT            
    Occupied housing units 104,087 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Moved in 2015 or later 2,791 2.7 28 0.9 28 0.9
      Moved in 2010 to 2014 46,166 44.4 736 24.6 736 24.6
      Moved in 2000 to 2009 33,352 32.0 1,260 42.2 1,260 42.2
      Moved in 1990 to 1999 11,021 10.6 390 13.1 390 13.1
      Moved in 1980 to 1989 5,172 5.0 277 9.3 277 9.3
      Moved in 1979 and earlier 5,585 5.4 295 9.9 295 9.9
             
 VEHICLES AVAILABLE            
    Occupied housing units 104,087 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      No vehicles available 12,632 12.1 215 7.2 215 7.2
      1 vehicle available 43,440 41.7 618 20.7 618 20.7
      2 vehicles available 38,679 37.2 952 31.9 952 31.9
      3 or more vehicles available 9,336 9.0 1,201 40.2 1,201 40.2
             
 HOUSE HEATING FUEL            
    Occupied housing units 104,087 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Utility gas 70,070 67.3 1,208 40.5 1,208 40.5
      Bottled, tank, or LP gas 1,170 1.1 817 27.4 817 27.4
      Electricity 29,685 28.5 679 22.7 679 22.7
      Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 1,027 1.0 11 0.4 11 0.4
      Coal or coke 9 0.0 68 2.3 68 2.3
      Wood 550 0.5 186 6.2 186 6.2
      Solar energy 37 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Other fuel 874 0.8 17 0.6 17 0.6
      No fuel used 665 0.6 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS            
    Occupied housing units 104,087 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      Lacking complete plumbing facilities 178 0.2 60 2.0 60 2.0
      Lacking complete kitchen facilities 748 0.7 68 2.3 68 2.3
      No telephone service available 2,714 2.6 59 2.0 59 2.0
             
 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM            
    Occupied housing units 104,087 100.0 2,986 100.0 2,986 100.0
      1.00 or less 101,677 97.7 2,900 97.1 2,900 97.1
      1.01 to 1.50 1,697 1.6 34 1.1 34 1.1
      1.51 or more 713 0.7 52 1.7 52 1.7
             
 VALUE            
    Owner-occupied units 49,793 47.8 2,330 78.0 2,330 78.0
      Less than $50,000 1,411 1.4 358 12.0 358 12.0
      $50,000 to $99,999 1,476 1.4 361 12.1 361 12.1
      $100,000 to $149,999 6,030 5.8 276 9.2 276 9.2
      $150,000 to $199,999 13,287 12.8 383 12.8 383 12.8
      $200,000 to $299,999 16,878 16.2 622 20.8 622 20.8
      $300,000 to $499,999 8,295 8.0 233 7.8 233 7.8
      $500,000 to $999,999 2,193 2.1 90 3.0 90 3.0
      $1,000,000 or more 223 0.2 7 0.2 7 0.2
      Median (dollars) 212,500 ... 178,200 ... 178,200  
             
 MORTGAGE STATUS            
    Owner-occupied units 49,793 100.0 2,330 100.0 2,330 100.0
      Housing units with a mortgage 36,094 72.5 1,012 43.4 1,012 43.4
      Housing units without a mortgage 13,699 27.5 1,318 56.6 1,318 56.6
             
 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS (SMOC)            
    Housing units with a mortgage 36,094 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than $500 184 0.5 52 5.1 52 5.1
      $500 to $999 2,935 8.1 255 25.2 255 25.2
      $1,000 to $1,499 11,220 31.1 432 42.7 432 42.7
      $1,500 to $1,999 11,395 31.6 221 21.8 221 21.8
      $2,000 to $2,499 6,036 16.7 36 3.6 36 3.6
      $2,500 to $2,999 2,096 5.8 8 0.8 8 0.8
      $3,000 or more 2,228 6.2 8 0.8 8 0.8
      Median (dollars) 1,654 ... 1,303 ... 1,303  
             
    Housing units without a mortgage 13,699 100.0 1,318 100.0 1,318 100.0
      Less than $250 348 2.5 255 19.3 255 19.3
      $250 to $399 687 5.0 462 35.1 462 35.1
      $400 to $599 3,785 27.6 471 35.7 471 35.7
      $600 to $799 4,641 33.9 93 7.1 93 7.1
      $800 to $999 1,926 14.1 37 2.8 37 2.8
      $1,000 or more 2,312 16.9 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 684 ... 380 ... 380  
             
 Monthly Owner Costs as Percent of Household Income (SMOCAPI)            
    Housing units with a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 35,952 100.0 1,012 100.0 1,012 100.0
      Less than 20.0 percent 13,701 38.1 480 47.4 480 47.4
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 7,066 19.7 167 16.5 167 16.5
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 5,311 14.8 108 10.7 108 10.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 3,093 8.6 55 5.4 55 5.4
      35.0 percent or more 6,781 18.9 202 20.0 202 20.0
             
      Not computed 142 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0
             
    Housing unit without a mortgage (excl units where SMOCAPI cannot be computed) 13,643 100.0 1,298 100.0 1,298 100.0
      Less than 10.0 percent 5,246 38.5 774 59.6 774 59.6
      10.0 to 14.9 percent 3,076 22.5 202 15.6 202 15.6
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 1,504 11.0 73 5.6 73 5.6
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 1,130 8.3 39 3.0 39 3.0
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 602 4.4 58 4.5 58 4.5
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 492 3.6 64 4.9 64 4.9
      35.0 percent or more 1,593 11.7 88 6.8 88 6.8
             
      Not computed 56 0.4 20 1.5 20 1.5
             
 GROSS RENT            
    Occupied units paying rent 53,608 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than $500 2,722 5.1 124 22.4 124 22.4
      $500 to $999 28,445 53.1 282 50.9 282 50.9
      $1,000 to $1,499 15,513 28.9 91 16.4 91 16.4
      $1,500 to $1,999 5,048 9.4 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $2,000 to $2,499 1,338 2.5 57 10.3 57 10.3
      $2,500 to $2,999 279 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
      $3,000 or more 263 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
      Median (dollars) 939 ... 740 ... 740  
             
      No rent paid 686 1.3 102 18.4 102 18.4
             
 Gross Rent as Percent of Household Income (GRAPI)            
    Occupied units paying rent (excl units where GRAPI cannot be computed) 52,497 100.0 554 100.0 554 100.0
      Less than 15.0 percent 6,054 11.5 200 36.1 200 36.1
      15.0 to 19.9 percent 6,007 11.4 84 15.2 84 15.2
      20.0 to 24.9 percent 6,857 13.1 55 9.9 55 9.9
      25.0 to 29.9 percent 5,592 10.7 37 6.7 37 6.7
      30.0 to 34.9 percent 4,350 8.3 10 1.8 10 1.8
      35.0 percent or more 23,637 45.0 168 30.3 168 30.3
             
      Housing Units 1,797 3.4 102 18.4 102 18.4
             

Using this Document; About these & Related Data goto top
The following notes summarize features of data included in this report.

01. Trends
The Trends section presents model-based demographic estimates developed by the Census Bureau. While these data are intended to be consistent with the ACS data described below, they will typically differ some; even when comparing the ACS 2015 1-year estimate to the model-based 2015 estimate.
  .. U.S. by County Interactive Table
  .. U.S. by City/Place Interactive Table
  .. Updates annually March/June.

02. Demographic-Economic Tables
Reference to "with ACS 1-year data" means that 02 sections of the report use ACS 1-year estimates (available area 65,000 population and over). Where there is no ACS reference, ACS 5-year data are used (available for all areas). In general, the 1-year estimates should be used when available (more recent, more accurate) but there are reasons to prefer the 5-year estimates even when 1-year estimates are available. See more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

ACS 2015 5 Year Estimates Demographic-Economic Profiles
City/Place Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. City/Place General Demographics
  .. 02.2. City/Place Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. City/Place Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. City/Place Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

County/State Interactive Tables
  .. 02.1. US-State-County General Demographics
  .. 02.2. US-State-County Social Characteristics
  .. 02.3. US-State-County Economic Characteristics
  .. 02.4. US-State-County Housing Characteristics
  .. Available for each/all cities/place
  .. 5-year Estimates are centric to mid 2013.
  .. Updates Sept/Dec 2018.

Glossary -- goto top
Urban/Rural & Locale Code
The percent urban value in the Oveview is computed as the ratio of the population in urban census blocks to the total population in the area based on Census 2010 SF1. No adjustment is made for areas which may have changed boundaries since 2010. If the Census 2010 area geocode does not match to a ACS 2015 geocode, the percent urban is shown as NA.

Local code (defined by the Department of Education):
where UA: Urbanized Area; UC: Urban Cluster; PC: Principal City
11 = City, Large: area inside UA & inside PC & population >= 250,000.
12 = City, Midsize: area inside UA & inside PC & population 100,000-250,000.
13 = City, Small: area inside UA & inside PC & population < 100,000.
21 = Suburb, Large: area outside PC & inside UA & population >= 250,000.
22 = Suburb, Midsize: area outside PC & inside UA & population 100,000-250,000.
23 = Suburb, Small: area outside PC & inside UA & population < 100,000.
31 = Town, Fringe: area inside UC that is <= 10 miles from UA.
32 = Town, Distant: area inside UC that is 10-35 miles from UA.
33 = Town, Remote: area inside UC that is > 35 miles from UA.
41 = Rural, Fringe: non-urban area <= 5 miles from UA & <= 2.5 miles from UC
42 = Rural, Distant: non-urban area 5-25 miles from UA & 2.5-10 miles from UC
43 = Rural, Remote: non-urban area >= 25 miles from UA & >= 10 miles from UC.

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Additional Information
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