Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Alabama

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Alabama total population increased from 4,447,100 (2000) to 4,802,740 (2011) -- a change of 355,640 ( 8.00%). The median age increased from 35.8 (2000) to 38.1 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 827,430 (2000) to 825,923 (2011) -- a change of -1,507 ( -0.18%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 4,447,100 100.0 4,802,740 100.0 355,640 8.0
  Male 2,146,504 48.3 2,324,413 48.4 177,909 8.3
  Female 2,300,596 51.7 2,478,327 51.6 177,731 7.7
  Under 5 years 295,992 6.7 298,465 6.2 2,473 0.8
  5 to 9 years 315,345 7.1 302,411 6.3 -12,934 -4.1
  10 to 14 years 320,252 7.2 327,106 6.8 6,854 2.1
  15 to 19 years 324,580 7.3 338,270 7.0 13,690 4.2
  20 to 24 years 306,865 6.9 343,410 7.2 36,545 11.9
  25 to 34 years 603,015 13.6 609,611 12.7 6,596 1.1
  35 to 44 years 685,512 15.4 613,286 12.8 -72,226 -10.5
  45 to 54 years 600,209 13.5 687,009 14.3 86,800 14.5
  55 to 59 years 225,450 5.1 310,121 6.5 84,671 37.6
  60 to 64 years 190,082 4.3 299,261 6.2 109,179 57.4
  65 to 74 years 316,748 7.1 380,257 7.9 63,509 20.1
  75 to 84 years 195,749 4.4 213,124 4.4 17,375 8.9
  85 years and over 67,301 1.5 80,409 1.7 13,108 19.5
  Median age 35.8... 38.1... 2.3 6.4

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4155,2653.2149,6923.1
  5- 9157,3403.3150,8893.2
  10-14163,4173.4156,2383.3
  15-19175,1513.7168,3203.5
  20-24167,5203.5167,8023.5
  25-29153,7163.2157,3183.3
  30-34146,4243.1151,4643.2
  35-39151,0783.2157,3523.3
  40-44152,7073.2158,3643.3
  45-49169,1033.5177,2663.7
  50-54168,7253.5178,7603.7
  55-59149,6333.1162,2733.4
  60-64131,6032.8144,5243.0
  65-6997,8932.0111,7442.3
  70-7472,1431.588,7211.9
  75-7951,9271.170,9091.5
  80-8433,6840.755,0871.2
  85+ 22,8590.552,8251.1

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 31,346 (2000) to 54,259 (2011) -- a change of 22,913 ( 73.10%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 3,169 (2000) to 3,782 (2011) -- a change of 613 ( 19.34%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 4,447,100 100.0 4,802,740 100.0 355,640 8.0
One Race 4,402,921 99.0 4,738,290 98.7 335,369 7.6
  White 3,162,808 71.1 3,318,110 69.1 155,302 4.9
  Black or African American 1,155,930 26.0 1,281,095 26.7 125,165 10.8
  American Indian and Alaska Native 22,430 0.5 24,408 0.5 1,978 8.8
  Asian 31,346 0.7 54,259 1.1 22,913 73.1
    Asian Indian 6,900 0.2 11,383 0.2 4,483 65.0
    Chinese 6,337 0.1 8,176 0.2 1,839 29.0
    Filipino 2,727 0.1 6,343 0.1 3,616 132.6
    Japanese 1,966 0.0 1,018 0.0 -948 -48.2
    Korean 4,116 0.1 8,328 0.2 4,212 102.3
    Vietnamese 4,628 0.1 9,195 0.2 4,567 98.7
    Other Asian 4,672 0.1 9,816 0.2 5,144 110.1
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,409 0.0 1,919 0.0 510 36.2
    Native Hawaiian 359 0.0 -1 0.0 -360 -100.3
    Guamanian or Chamorro 577 0.0 -1 0.0 -578 -100.2
    Samoan 209 0.0 -1 0.0 -210 -100.5
    Other Pacific Islander 264 0.0 -1 0.0 -265 -100.4
  Some other race 28,998 0.7 58,499 1.2 29,501 101.7
Two or more races 44,179 1.0 64,450 1.3 20,271 45.9
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 3,199,953 72.0 3,373,539 70.2 173,586 5.4
  Black or African American 1,168,998 26.3 1,307,900 27.2 138,902 11.9
  American Indian and Alaska Native 44,449 1.0 54,540 1.1 10,091 22.7
  Asian 39,458 0.9 66,678 1.4 27,220 69.0
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,169 0.1 3,782 0.1 613 19.3
  Some other race 38,201 0.9 65,584 1.4 27,383 71.7
Hispanic 75,830 1.7 186,204 3.9 110,374 145.6

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 1,737,080 (2000) to 1,844,546 (2011) -- a change of 107,466 ( 6.19%). The number of families increased from 1,215,968 (2000) to 1,251,795 (2011) -- a change of 35,827 ( 2.95%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 1,737,080 100.0 1,844,546 100.0 107,466 6.2
  Family households (families) 1,215,968 70.0 1,251,795 67.9 35,827 2.9
    Married-couple family 906,916 52.2 889,810 48.2 -17,106 -1.9
  Nonfamily households 521,112 30.0 592,751 32.1 71,639 13.7
    Householder living alone 453,898 26.1 520,241 28.2 66,343 14.6
      Householder 65 years and over 169,738 9.8 182,777 9.9 13,039 7.7

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 877,216 (2000) to 985,450 (2011) -- a change of 108,234 ( 12.34%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 2,887,400 100.0 3,193,078 100.0 305,678 10.6
  Less than 9th grade 240,333 8.3 177,922 5.6 -62,411 -26.0
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 473,748 16.4 373,824 11.7 -99,924 -21.1
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 877,216 30.4 985,450 30.9 108,234 12.3
  Some college, no degree 591,055 20.5 709,188 22.2 118,133 20.0
  Associate's degree 155,440 5.4 236,162 7.4 80,722 51.9
  Bachelor's degree 351,772 12.2 443,488 13.9 91,716 26.1
  Graduate or professional degree 197,836 6.9 267,044 8.4 69,208 35.0
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 75.3... 82.7 7.4 9.8
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 19.0... 22.3 3.3 17.4

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 1,155,504 (2000) to 1,241,786 (2011) -- a change of 86,282 ( 7.47%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,155,504 100.0 1,241,786 100.0 86,282 7.5
  Nursery school, preschool 74,879 6.5 65,528 5.3 -9,351 -12.5
  Kindergarten 65,888 5.7 66,517 5.4 629 1.0
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 525,314 45.5 513,567 41.4 -11,747 -2.2
  High school (grades 9-12) 246,148 21.3 259,573 20.9 13,425 5.5
  College or graduate school 243,275 21.1 336,601 27.1 93,326 38.4

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 63,917 (2000) to 105,144 (2011) -- a change of 41,227 ( 64.50%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 4,152,278 100.0 4,504,275 100.0 351,997 8.5
  English only 3,989,795 96.1 4,268,445 94.8 278,650 7.0
  Language other than English 162,483 3.9 235,830 5.2 73,347 45.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 63,917 1.5 105,144 2.3 41,227 64.5
  Spanish 89,729 2.2 153,845 3.4 64,116 71.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 40,299 1.0 77,279 1.7 36,980 91.8
  Other Indo-European languages 43,812 1.1 35,826 0.8 -7,986 -18.2
    Speak English less than "very well" 11,225 0.3 6,718 0.1 -4,507 -40.2
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 22,122 0.5 37,389 0.8 15,267 69.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 10,546 0.3 18,361 0.4 7,815 74.1

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 1,920,189 (2000) to 1,981,095 (2011) -- a change of 60,906 ( 3.17%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 3,450,542 100.0 3,808,975 100.0 358,433 10.4
  In labor force 2,061,169 59.7 2,255,995 59.2 194,826 9.5
    Civilian labor force 2,047,100 59.3 2,240,441 58.8 193,341 9.4
      Employed 1,920,189 55.6 1,981,095 52.0 60,906 3.2
      Unemployed 126,911 3.7 259,346 6.8 132,435 104.4
      Percent of civilian labor force... 6.2... 11.6 5.4 87.1
    Armed Forces 14,069 0.4 15,554 0.4 1,485 10.6
  Not in labor force 1,389,373 40.3 1,552,980 40.8 163,607 11.8

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 1,920,189 100.0 1,981,095 100.0 60,906 3.2
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 37,310 1.9 34,536 1.7 -2,774 -7.4
  Construction 145,809 7.6 126,547 6.4 -19,262 -13.2
  Manufacturing 352,566 18.4 267,450 13.5 -85,116 -24.1
  Wholesale trade 70,055 3.6 51,814 2.6 -18,241 -26.0
  Retail trade 233,742 12.2 239,939 12.1 6,197 2.7
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 101,588 5.3 99,120 5.0 -2,468 -2.4
  Information 42,754 2.2 33,902 1.7 -8,852 -20.7
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 110,743 5.8 107,398 5.4 -3,345 -3.0
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 136,580 7.1 188,972 9.5 52,392 38.4
  Educational, health and social services 370,274 19.3 445,579 22.5 75,305 20.3
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 122,333 6.4 158,259 8.0 35,926 29.4
  Other services (except public administration) 97,520 5.1 108,902 5.5 11,382 11.7
  Public administration 98,915 5.2 118,677 6.0 19,762 20.0

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 2,142,958 (May 2012) to 2,160,627 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 17,669 ( 0.8%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force2,142,9582,152,8492,157,3512,158,2782,154,4312,160,627
  Employed1,983,7661,984,2471,978,1621,975,0111,976,7991,985,614
  Unemployed159,192168,602179,189183,267177,632175,013
  Unemployment rate 7.4 7.8 8.3 8.5 8.2 8.1

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 24.8 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,900,089). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 23.9 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,953,274).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 42.57% ( 1,767,431) of the population 5 years and over ( 4,152,278) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 15.19% ( 720,836) of the population 1 year and over ( 4,745,278) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $34,135 (2000) to $41,415 (2011) -- a change of $7,280 ( 21.33%). The per capita income increased from $18,189 (2000) to $22,711 (2011) -- a change of $4,522 ( 24.86%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $41,459 (2010) to $41,415 (2011) -- a change of ($44) ( -0.11%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.472 (2010) to 0.474 (2011) -- a change of 0.002 ( 0.424%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 1,737,385 100.0 1,844,546 100.0 107,161 6.2
  Less than $10,000 250,526 14.4 190,357 10.3 -60,169 -24.0
  $10,000 to $14,999 140,880 8.1 138,695 7.5 -2,185 -1.6
  $15,000 to $24,999 257,393 14.8 254,909 13.8 -2,484 -1.0
  $25,000 to $34,999 236,732 13.6 215,706 11.7 -21,026 -8.9
  $35,000 to $49,999 286,612 16.5 266,811 14.5 -19,801 -6.9
  $50,000 to $74,999 298,347 17.2 316,000 17.1 17,653 5.9
  $75,000 to $99,999 134,135 7.7 193,457 10.5 59,322 44.2
  $100,000 to $149,999 85,987 4.9 174,387 9.5 88,400 102.8
  $150,000 to $199,999 22,171 1.3 50,765 2.8 28,594 129.0
  $200,000 or more 24,602 1.4 43,459 2.4 18,857 76.6
  Median household income (dollars) 34,135... 41,415... 7,280 21.3
  Median family income (dollars) 41,657... 51,991... 10,334 24.8
  Per capita income (dollars) 18,189... 22,711... 4,522 24.9

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $167,206M (2011Q2) to $171,600M (2012Q2) -- a change of $4,394M ( 2.6%). Per capita personal income increased from $34,942 (2011Q2) to $35,730 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,045 ( 3.0%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 166,852167,206167,652168,360170,211171,600
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 166,304166,702167,167167,916169,684171,246
  Farm income 10.2/ 548504485444528354
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 112,936113,143113,788114,495115,860116,516
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 11,88911,87911,92411,97612,12912,193
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 5,6415,6645,7035,7505,7795,811
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 6,2496,2156,2216,2266,3506,382
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 1,9591,9661,9761,9612,0352,049
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 103,006103,229103,839104,479105,766106,372
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 25,42525,67025,66625,76226,05326,546
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 38,42138,30738,14738,11838,39338,683
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 79,06079,08679,51479,88980,79781,379
Supplements to wages and salaries 21,16621,24321,42021,58921,71021,825
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 14,91715,02915,19915,36315,36015,443
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 6,2496,2156,2216,2266,3506,382
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 12,71112,81312,85313,01713,35313,312
  Farm proprietors' income 369324304262294149
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 12,34212,48912,54912,75513,05913,163
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 34,86834,94235,03535,18335,44035,730

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 12.52 (2000) to 14.90 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 16.10 (2000) to 19.00 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 4,720,067) with health insurance was 4,046,103. Of those with health insurance, 3,061,120 had private health insurance and 1,562,460 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 23.23% ( 945,705) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 4,071,185) had a disability. In 2011, 16.21% ( 764,988) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 4,720,067) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 1,963,711 (2000) to 2,182,199 (2011) -- a change of 218,488 ( 11.13%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 1,963,711 100.0 2,182,199 100.0 218,488 11.1
  Occupied housing units 1,737,080 88.5 1,844,546 84.5 107,466 6.2
    Owner-occupied housing units 1,258,705 64.1 1,289,217 59.1 30,512 2.4
    Renter-occupied housing units 478,375 24.4 555,329 25.4 76,954 16.1
  Vacant housing units 226,631 11.5 337,653 15.5 111,022 49.0

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $85,100 (2000) to $122,700 (2011) -- a change of $37,600 ( 44.18%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 1,258,705 100.0 1,289,217 100.0 30,512 2.4
  Less than $50,000 176,187 14.0 206,692 16.0 30,505 17.3
  $50,000 to $99,999 392,400 31.2 310,299 24.1 -82,101 -20.9
  $100,000 to $149,999 180,391 14.3 250,739 19.4 70,348 39.0
  $150,000 to $199,999 84,488 6.7 206,216 16.0 121,728 144.1
  $200,000 to $299,999 52,724 4.2 177,195 13.7 124,471 236.1
  $300,000 to $499,999 23,363 1.9 95,094 7.4 71,731 307.0
  $500,000 to $999,999 7,052 0.6 32,740 2.5 25,688 364.3
  $1,000,000 or more 1,965 0.2 10,242 0.8 8,277 421.2
Median value (dollars) 85,100... 122,700... 37,600 44.2

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $447 (2000) to $687 (2011) -- a change of $240 ( 53.69%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $816 (2000) to $1,134 (2011) -- a change of $318 ( 38.97%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 587,895 100.0 769,984 100.0 182,089 31.0
  Less than $300 10,262 1.7 1,502 0.2 -8,760 -85.4
  $300 to $499 68,978 11.7 23,212 3.0 -45,766 -66.3
  $500 to $699 134,983 23.0 81,302 10.6 -53,681 -39.8
  $700 to $999 180,970 30.8 196,403 25.5 15,433 8.5
  $1,000 to $1,499 130,570 22.2 267,470 34.7 136,900 104.8
  $1,500 to $1,999 38,595 6.6 117,183 15.2 78,588 203.6
  $2,000 or more 23,537 4.0 82,912 10.8 59,375 252.3
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 816... 1,134... 318 39.0
Housing units without a mortgage 330,675 56.2 519,233 100.0 188,558 57.0
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 228... 344... 116 50.9


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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