Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Alaska

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Alaska total population increased from 626,932 (2000) to 722,718 (2011) -- a change of 95,786 ( 15.28%). The median age increased from 32.4 (2000) to 33.9 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 143,126 (2000) to 134,192 (2011) -- a change of -8,934 ( -6.24%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 626,932 100.0 722,718 100.0 95,786 15.3
  Male 324,112 51.7 372,916 51.6 48,804 15.1
  Female 302,820 48.3 349,802 48.4 46,982 15.5
  Under 5 years 47,591 7.6 54,031 7.5 6,440 13.5
  5 to 9 years 53,771 8.6 50,720 7.0 -3,051 -5.7
  10 to 14 years 56,661 9.0 52,805 7.3 -3,856 -6.8
  15 to 19 years 50,094 8.0 49,546 6.9 -548 -1.1
  20 to 24 years 39,892 6.4 58,754 8.1 18,862 47.3
  25 to 34 years 89,473 14.3 106,279 14.7 16,806 18.8
  35 to 44 years 114,049 18.2 93,356 12.9 -20,693 -18.1
  45 to 54 years 94,952 15.1 107,984 14.9 13,032 13.7
  55 to 59 years 27,423 4.4 52,473 7.3 25,050 91.3
  60 to 64 years 17,327 2.8 38,403 5.3 21,076 121.6
  65 to 74 years 22,507 3.6 37,827 5.2 15,320 68.1
  75 to 84 years 10,558 1.7 15,742 2.2 5,184 49.1
  85 years and over 2,634 0.4 4,798 0.7 2,164 82.2
  Median age 32.4... 33.9... 1.5 4.6

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 427,8963.926,1003.7
  5- 926,0383.724,8493.5
  10-1426,1473.724,6693.5
  15-1927,1793.824,9623.5
  20-2429,7064.224,7133.5
  25-2929,3074.126,1123.7
  30-3424,8613.522,8453.2
  35-3923,7313.322,1023.1
  40-4424,6463.522,4953.2
  45-4928,3984.026,3283.7
  50-5429,2884.127,0123.8
  55-5926,3943.723,5773.3
  60-6419,2312.716,7072.4
  65-6911,7141.610,4881.5
  70-746,6620.96,4860.9
  75-794,1500.64,7420.7
  80-842,6200.43,3650.5
  85+ 1,6600.23,0510.4

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 25,116 (2000) to 37,971 (2011) -- a change of 12,855 ( 51.18%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 5,515 (2000) to 11,533 (2011) -- a change of 6,018 ( 109.12%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 626,932 100.0 722,718 100.0 95,786 15.3
One Race 592,786 94.6 662,489 91.7 69,703 11.8
  White 434,534 69.3 482,698 66.8 48,164 11.1
  Black or African American 21,787 3.5 23,143 3.2 1,356 6.2
  American Indian and Alaska Native 98,043 15.6 102,293 14.2 4,250 4.3
  Asian 25,116 4.0 37,971 5.3 12,855 51.2
    Asian Indian 723 0.1 866 0.1 143 19.8
    Chinese 1,464 0.2 2,186 0.3 722 49.3
    Filipino 12,712 2.0 17,938 2.5 5,226 41.1
    Japanese 1,414 0.2 2,022 0.3 608 43.0
    Korean 4,573 0.7 5,788 0.8 1,215 26.6
    Vietnamese 814 0.1 1,295 0.2 481 59.1
    Other Asian 3,416 0.5 7,876 1.1 4,460 130.6
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,309 0.5 7,785 1.1 4,476 135.3
    Native Hawaiian 695 0.1 567 0.1 -128 -18.4
    Guamanian or Chamorro 227 0.0 372 0.1 145 63.9
    Samoan 1,670 0.3 6,105 0.8 4,435 265.6
    Other Pacific Islander 717 0.1 741 0.1 24 3.3
  Some other race 9,997 1.6 8,599 1.2 -1,398 -14.0
Two or more races 34,146 5.4 60,229 8.3 26,083 76.4
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 463,999 74.0 533,690 73.8 69,691 15.0
  Black or African American 27,147 4.3 36,376 5.0 9,229 34.0
  American Indian and Alaska Native 119,241 19.0 142,478 19.7 23,237 19.5
  Asian 32,686 5.2 50,181 6.9 17,495 53.5
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 5,515 0.9 11,533 1.6 6,018 109.1
  Some other race 15,151 2.4 11,999 1.7 -3,152 -20.8
Hispanic 25,852 4.1 41,627 5.8 15,775 61.0

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 221,600 (2000) to 257,330 (2011) -- a change of 35,730 ( 16.12%). The number of families increased from 152,337 (2000) to 173,279 (2011) -- a change of 20,942 ( 13.75%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 221,600 100.0 257,330 100.0 35,730 16.1
  Family households (families) 152,337 68.7 173,279 67.3 20,942 13.7
    Married-couple family 116,318 52.5 127,277 49.5 10,959 9.4
  Nonfamily households 69,263 31.3 84,051 32.7 14,788 21.4
    Householder living alone 52,060 23.5 64,846 25.2 12,786 24.6
      Householder 65 years and over 8,985 4.1 14,864 5.8 5,879 65.4

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 105,812 (2000) to 128,373 (2011) -- a change of 22,561 ( 21.32%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 379,556 100.0 456,862 100.0 77,306 20.4
  Less than 9th grade 15,663 4.1 13,994 3.1 -1,669 -10.7
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 28,619 7.5 23,627 5.2 -4,992 -17.4
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 105,812 27.9 128,373 28.1 22,561 21.3
  Some college, no degree 108,442 28.6 136,407 29.9 27,965 25.8
  Associate's degree 27,213 7.2 34,000 7.4 6,787 24.9
  Bachelor's degree 61,196 16.1 77,153 16.9 15,957 26.1
  Graduate or professional degree 32,611 8.6 43,308 9.5 10,697 32.8
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 88.3... 91.8 3.5 4.0
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 24.7... 26.4 1.7 6.9

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 185,760 (2000) to 196,240 (2011) -- a change of 10,480 ( 5.64%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 185,760 100.0 196,240 100.0 10,480 5.6
  Nursery school, preschool 10,804 5.8 9,140 4.7 -1,664 -15.4
  Kindergarten 10,078 5.4 10,259 5.2 181 1.8
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 91,027 49.0 83,021 42.3 -8,006 -8.8
  High school (grades 9-12) 41,548 22.4 42,751 21.8 1,203 2.9
  College or graduate school 32,303 17.4 51,069 26.0 18,766 58.1

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 30,842 (2000) to 34,257 (2011) -- a change of 3,415 ( 11.07%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 579,740 100.0 668,687 100.0 88,947 15.3
  English only 496,982 85.7 557,368 83.4 60,386 12.2
  Language other than English 82,758 14.3 111,319 16.6 28,561 34.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 30,842 5.3 34,257 5.1 3,415 11.1
  Spanish 16,674 2.9 25,183 3.8 8,509 51.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 5,801 1.0 5,513 0.8 -288 -5.0
  Other Indo-European languages 12,851 2.2 17,971 2.7 5,120 39.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 3,667 0.6 4,339 0.6 672 18.3
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 22,186 3.8 34,518 5.2 12,332 55.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 11,659 2.0 15,865 2.4 4,206 36.1

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 281,532 (2000) to 344,343 (2011) -- a change of 62,811 ( 22.31%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 458,054 100.0 554,678 100.0 96,624 21.1
  In labor force 326,596 71.3 394,406 71.1 67,810 20.8
    Civilian labor force 309,485 67.6 377,710 68.1 68,225 22.0
      Employed 281,532 61.5 344,343 62.1 62,811 22.3
      Unemployed 27,953 6.1 33,367 6.0 5,414 19.4
      Percent of civilian labor force... 9.0... 8.8 -0.2 -2.2
    Armed Forces 17,111 3.7 16,696 3.0 -415 -2.4
  Not in labor force 131,458 28.7 160,272 28.9 28,814 21.9

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 281,532 100.0 344,343 100.0 62,811 22.3
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 13,774 4.9 17,986 5.2 4,212 30.6
  Construction 20,534 7.3 26,934 7.8 6,400 31.2
  Manufacturing 9,220 3.3 11,367 3.3 2,147 23.3
  Wholesale trade 7,215 2.6 7,150 2.1 -65 -0.9
  Retail trade 32,638 11.6 39,385 11.4 6,747 20.7
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 25,043 8.9 23,699 6.9 -1,344 -5.4
  Information 7,652 2.7 6,054 1.8 -1,598 -20.9
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 12,934 4.6 13,756 4.0 822 6.4
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 21,322 7.6 29,246 8.5 7,924 37.2
  Educational, health and social services 61,165 21.7 82,362 23.9 21,197 34.7
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 24,099 8.6 29,437 8.5 5,338 22.2
  Other services (except public administration) 15,866 5.6 14,738 4.3 -1,128 -7.1
  Public administration 30,070 10.7 42,229 12.3 12,159 40.4

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 367,406 (May 2012) to 364,612 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -2,794 ( -0.8%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force367,406367,544367,364366,140365,530364,612
  Employed341,728341,005339,365337,872338,077338,703
  Unemployed25,67826,53927,99928,26827,45325,909
  Unemployment rate 7.0 7.2 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.1

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 19.6 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 290,597). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 18.4 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 348,777).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 53.78% ( 311,782) of the population 5 years and over ( 579,740) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 19.68% ( 140,105) of the population 1 year and over ( 711,962) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $51,571 (2000) to $67,825 (2011) -- a change of $16,254 ( 31.52%). The per capita income increased from $22,660 (2000) to $31,405 (2011) -- a change of $8,745 ( 38.59%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income increased from $66,311 (2010) to $67,825 (2011) -- a change of $1,514 ( 2.28%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.422 (2010) to 0.410 (2011) -- a change of -0.012 ( -2.844%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 221,804 100.0 257,330 100.0 35,526 16.0
  Less than $10,000 12,458 5.6 10,654 4.1 -1,804 -14.5
  $10,000 to $14,999 10,995 5.0 9,834 3.8 -1,161 -10.6
  $15,000 to $24,999 22,917 10.3 18,506 7.2 -4,411 -19.2
  $25,000 to $34,999 25,025 11.3 20,794 8.1 -4,231 -16.9
  $35,000 to $49,999 35,519 16.0 32,304 12.6 -3,215 -9.1
  $50,000 to $74,999 48,912 22.1 51,312 19.9 2,400 4.9
  $75,000 to $99,999 30,371 13.7 39,608 15.4 9,237 30.4
  $100,000 to $149,999 25,381 11.4 44,503 17.3 19,122 75.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 6,078 2.7 19,164 7.4 13,086 215.3
  $200,000 or more 4,148 1.9 10,651 4.1 6,503 156.8
  Median household income (dollars) 51,571... 67,825... 16,254 31.5
  Median family income (dollars) 59,036... 75,786... 16,750 28.4
  Per capita income (dollars) 22,660... 31,405... 8,745 38.6

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $32,846M (2011Q2) to $34,271M (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,425M ( 4.3%). Per capita personal income increased from $46,004 (2011Q2) to $47,420 (2012Q2) -- a change of $2,552 ( 5.5%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 32,48832,84633,20433,47333,97134,271
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 32,47932,83833,19733,46533,96134,260
  Farm income 10.2/ 109881112
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 26,72527,00627,35527,56027,99728,212
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 2,4602,4802,5062,5202,5652,580
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 1,0671,0701,0761,0811,0901,096
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 1,3931,4101,4301,4391,4751,483
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -1,687-1,698-1,721-1,729-1,763-1,784
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 22,57822,82823,12823,31023,67023,848
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 4,8054,8714,8944,9324,9945,089
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 5,1065,1475,1825,2305,3085,335
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 18,03518,17218,38918,49718,76718,908
Supplements to wages and salaries 5,6055,7095,8155,8925,9475,980
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 4,2124,2994,3854,4534,4734,496
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 1,3931,4101,4301,4391,4751,483
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 3,0853,1253,1513,1703,2833,324
  Farm proprietors' income 321146
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 3,0823,1243,1503,1703,2803,318
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 45,50246,00446,50546,88247,00547,420

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 6.69 (2000) to 6.90 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 9.40 (2000) to 10.50 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 699,272) with health insurance was 558,612. Of those with health insurance, 439,721 had private health insurance and 176,695 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 14.92% ( 83,220) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 557,705) had a disability. In 2011, 10.54% ( 73,731) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 699,272) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 260,978 (2000) to 311,182 (2011) -- a change of 50,204 ( 19.24%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 260,978 100.0 311,182 100.0 50,204 19.2
  Occupied housing units 221,600 84.9 257,330 82.7 35,730 16.1
    Owner-occupied housing units 138,509 53.1 162,312 52.2 23,803 17.2
    Renter-occupied housing units 83,091 31.8 95,018 30.5 11,927 14.4
  Vacant housing units 39,378 15.1 53,852 17.3 14,474 36.8

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $144,200 (2000) to $238,300 (2011) -- a change of $94,100 ( 65.26%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 138,509 100.0 162,312 100.0 23,803 17.2
  Less than $50,000 6,589 4.8 9,372 5.8 2,783 42.2
  $50,000 to $99,999 17,155 12.4 11,297 7.0 -5,858 -34.1
  $100,000 to $149,999 33,450 24.2 12,930 8.0 -20,520 -61.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 27,661 20.0 26,180 16.1 -1,481 -5.4
  $200,000 to $299,999 15,453 11.2 51,355 31.6 35,902 232.3
  $300,000 to $499,999 4,343 3.1 40,241 24.8 35,898 826.6
  $500,000 to $999,999 774 0.6 9,971 6.1 9,197 1188.2
  $1,000,000 or more 195 0.1 966 0.6 771 395.4
Median value (dollars) 144,200... 238,300... 94,100 65.3

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $720 (2000) to $1,049 (2011) -- a change of $329 ( 45.69%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,315 (2000) to $1,794 (2011) -- a change of $479 ( 36.43%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 78,582 100.0 105,715 100.0 27,133 34.5
  Less than $300 214 0.3 366 0.3 152 71.0
  $300 to $499 1,913 2.4 1,024 1.0 -889 -46.5
  $500 to $699 4,413 5.6 2,131 2.0 -2,282 -51.7
  $700 to $999 13,118 16.7 5,928 5.6 -7,190 -54.8
  $1,000 to $1,499 30,931 39.4 25,103 23.7 -5,828 -18.8
  $1,500 to $1,999 19,279 24.5 31,650 29.9 12,371 64.2
  $2,000 or more 8,714 11.1 39,513 37.4 30,799 353.4
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,315... 1,794... 479 36.4
Housing units without a mortgage 27,038 34.4 56,597 100.0 29,559 109.3
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 393... 529... 136 34.6


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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