Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Arkansas

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

Contents - select topic from scroll box below
  Available Areas - select area from scroll box below

1. Population. The Arkansas total population increased from 2,673,400 (2000) to 2,937,979 (2011) -- a change of 264,579 ( 9.90%). The median age increased from 36.0 (2000) to 37.5 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 498,784 (2000) to 513,520 (2011) -- a change of 14,736 ( 2.95%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 2,673,400 100.0 2,937,979 100.0 264,579 9.9
  Male 1,304,693 48.8 1,447,850 49.3 143,157 11.0
  Female 1,368,707 51.2 1,490,129 50.7 121,422 8.9
  Under 5 years 181,585 6.8 197,666 6.7 16,081 8.9
  5 to 9 years 187,224 7.0 196,893 6.7 9,669 5.2
  10 to 14 years 192,935 7.2 201,044 6.8 8,109 4.2
  15 to 19 years 198,765 7.4 196,256 6.7 -2,509 -1.3
  20 to 24 years 181,598 6.8 202,693 6.9 21,095 11.6
  25 to 34 years 352,845 13.2 382,514 13.0 29,669 8.4
  35 to 44 years 398,127 14.9 365,721 12.4 -32,406 -8.1
  45 to 54 years 349,519 13.1 402,432 13.7 52,913 15.1
  55 to 59 years 139,393 5.2 188,300 6.4 48,907 35.1
  60 to 64 years 117,390 4.4 175,835 6.0 58,445 49.8
  65 to 74 years 198,334 7.4 238,937 8.1 40,603 20.5
  75 to 84 years 129,193 4.8 138,536 4.7 9,343 7.2
  85 years and over 46,492 1.7 51,152 1.7 4,660 10.0
  Median age 36.0... 37.5... 1.5 4.2

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4100,9503.596,7393.3
  5- 9100,8713.596,0063.3
  10-14100,8963.596,6633.3
  15-19104,1783.699,6273.4
  20-24100,8013.598,8493.4
  25-2996,1553.395,9983.3
  30-3492,2773.291,4623.1
  35-3991,4843.192,1303.2
  40-4491,2143.191,3803.1
  45-49101,3823.5104,1623.6
  50-5499,1463.4102,5763.5
  55-5988,9353.095,0253.3
  60-6480,3562.886,6753.0
  65-6962,9292.270,4382.4
  70-7447,2091.654,0261.9
  75-7933,9291.243,8121.5
  80-8422,3910.833,8451.2
  85+ 16,5340.634,8681.2

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 20,220 (2000) to 34,342 (2011) -- a change of 14,122 ( 69.84%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 3,129 (2000) to 8,588 (2011) -- a change of 5,459 ( 174.46%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 2,673,400 100.0 2,937,979 100.0 264,579 9.9
One Race 2,637,656 98.7 2,880,750 98.1 243,094 9.2
  White 2,138,598 80.0 2,296,248 78.2 157,650 7.4
  Black or African American 418,950 15.7 463,364 15.8 44,414 10.6
  American Indian and Alaska Native 17,808 0.7 16,772 0.6 -1,036 -5.8
  Asian 20,220 0.8 34,342 1.2 14,122 69.8
    Asian Indian 3,104 0.1 4,959 0.2 1,855 59.8
    Chinese 3,126 0.1 7,425 0.3 4,299 137.5
    Filipino 2,489 0.1 4,866 0.2 2,377 95.5
    Japanese 1,036 0.0 948 0.0 -88 -8.5
    Korean 1,550 0.1 1,579 0.1 29 1.9
    Vietnamese 3,974 0.1 5,393 0.2 1,419 35.7
    Other Asian 4,941 0.2 9,172 0.3 4,231 85.6
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,668 0.1 7,279 0.2 5,611 336.4
    Native Hawaiian 295 0.0 884 0.0 589 199.7
    Guamanian or Chamorro 231 0.0 138 0.0 -93 -40.3
    Samoan 176 0.0 40 0.0 -136 -77.3
    Other Pacific Islander 966 0.0 6,217 0.2 5,251 543.6
  Some other race 40,412 1.5 62,745 2.1 22,333 55.3
Two or more races 35,744 1.3 57,229 1.9 21,485 60.1
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 2,170,534 81.2 2,348,406 79.9 177,872 8.2
  Black or African American 427,152 16.0 482,548 16.4 55,396 13.0
  American Indian and Alaska Native 37,002 1.4 46,716 1.6 9,714 26.3
  Asian 25,401 1.0 42,799 1.5 17,398 68.5
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,129 0.1 8,588 0.3 5,459 174.5
  Some other race 48,267 1.8 68,877 2.3 20,610 42.7
Hispanic 86,866 3.2 190,047 6.5 103,181 118.8

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 1,042,696 (2000) to 1,127,621 (2011) -- a change of 84,925 ( 8.14%). The number of families increased from 732,261 (2000) to 757,205 (2011) -- a change of 24,944 ( 3.41%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 1,042,696 100.0 1,127,621 100.0 84,925 8.1
  Family households (families) 732,261 70.2 757,205 67.2 24,944 3.4
    Married-couple family 566,401 54.3 556,108 49.3 -10,293 -1.8
  Nonfamily households 310,435 29.8 370,416 32.8 59,981 19.3
    Householder living alone 266,585 25.6 316,351 28.1 49,766 18.7
      Householder 65 years and over 108,644 10.4 113,730 10.1 5,086 4.7

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 590,416 (2000) to 693,216 (2011) -- a change of 102,800 ( 17.41%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 1,731,200 100.0 1,943,427 100.0 212,227 12.3
  Less than 9th grade 162,464 9.4 121,108 6.2 -41,356 -25.5
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 264,985 15.3 194,433 10.0 -70,552 -26.6
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 590,416 34.1 693,216 35.7 102,800 17.4
  Some college, no degree 355,329 20.5 426,776 22.0 71,447 20.1
  Associate's degree 69,578 4.0 113,074 5.8 43,496 62.5
  Bachelor's degree 190,427 11.0 254,903 13.1 64,476 33.9
  Graduate or professional degree 98,001 5.7 139,917 7.2 41,916 42.8
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 75.3... 83.8 8.5 11.3
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 16.7... 20.3 3.6 21.6

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 675,109 (2000) to 752,121 (2011) -- a change of 77,012 ( 11.41%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 675,109 100.0 752,121 100.0 77,012 11.4
  Nursery school, preschool 43,353 6.4 51,732 6.9 8,379 19.3
  Kindergarten 37,746 5.6 36,735 4.9 -1,011 -2.7
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 311,515 46.1 316,819 42.1 5,304 1.7
  High school (grades 9-12) 154,432 22.9 154,329 20.5 -103 -0.1
  College or graduate school 128,063 19.0 192,506 25.6 64,443 50.3

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 57,709 (2000) to 92,617 (2011) -- a change of 34,908 ( 60.49%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 2,492,205 100.0 2,740,313 100.0 248,108 10.0
  English only 2,368,450 95.0 2,535,647 92.5 167,197 7.1
  Language other than English 123,755 5.0 204,666 7.5 80,911 65.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 57,709 2.3 92,617 3.4 34,908 60.5
  Spanish 82,465 3.3 149,088 5.4 66,623 80.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 43,535 1.7 70,778 2.6 27,243 62.6
  Other Indo-European languages 22,695 0.9 21,310 0.8 -1,385 -6.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 5,332 0.2 5,253 0.2 -79 -1.5
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 15,238 0.6 30,234 1.1 14,996 98.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 7,865 0.3 15,812 0.6 7,947 101.0

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 1,173,399 (2000) to 1,235,755 (2011) -- a change of 62,356 ( 5.31%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 2,072,068 100.0 2,301,244 100.0 229,176 11.1
  In labor force 1,255,828 60.6 1,368,632 59.5 112,804 9.0
    Civilian labor force 1,249,546 60.3 1,363,235 59.2 113,689 9.1
      Employed 1,173,399 56.6 1,235,755 53.7 62,356 5.3
      Unemployed 76,147 3.7 127,480 5.5 51,333 67.4
      Percent of civilian labor force... 6.1... 9.4 3.3 54.1
    Armed Forces 6,282 0.3 5,397 0.2 -885 -14.1
  Not in labor force 816,240 39.4 932,612 40.5 116,372 14.3

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 1,173,399 100.0 1,235,755 100.0 62,356 5.3
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 43,665 3.7 44,933 3.6 1,268 2.9
  Construction 82,611 7.0 75,699 6.1 -6,912 -8.4
  Manufacturing 227,187 19.4 165,161 13.4 -62,026 -27.3
  Wholesale trade 38,340 3.3 32,978 2.7 -5,362 -14.0
  Retail trade 152,554 13.0 172,579 14.0 20,025 13.1
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 69,611 5.9 71,569 5.8 1,958 2.8
  Information 25,891 2.2 21,585 1.7 -4,306 -16.6
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 56,460 4.8 60,898 4.9 4,438 7.9
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 63,075 5.4 84,707 6.9 21,632 34.3
  Educational, health and social services 230,491 19.6 293,765 23.8 63,274 27.5
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 74,127 6.3 93,938 7.6 19,811 26.7
  Other services (except public administration) 58,629 5.0 58,495 4.7 -134 -0.2
  Public administration 50,758 4.3 59,448 4.8 8,690 17.1

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 1,390,514 (May 2012) to 1,372,032 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -18,482 ( -1.3%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force1,390,5141,386,3561,382,9401,379,4411,376,8311,372,032
  Employed1,289,4451,287,0821,282,2501,279,2881,278,5181,273,779
  Unemployed101,06999,274100,690100,15398,31398,253
  Unemployment rate 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.1 7.2

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 21.9 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,160,101). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 21.3 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,215,837).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 46.74% ( 1,164,831) of the population 5 years and over ( 2,492,205) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 16.68% ( 484,886) of the population 1 year and over ( 2,906,632) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $32,182 (2000) to $38,758 (2011) -- a change of $6,576 ( 20.43%). The per capita income increased from $16,904 (2000) to $21,203 (2011) -- a change of $4,299 ( 25.43%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $39,375 (2010) to $38,758 (2011) -- a change of ($617) ( -1.57%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.458 (2010) to 0.468 (2011) -- a change of 0.010 ( 2.183%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 1,042,807 100.0 1,127,621 100.0 84,814 8.1
  Less than $10,000 139,262 13.4 117,175 10.4 -22,087 -15.9
  $10,000 to $14,999 89,901 8.6 93,398 8.3 3,497 3.9
  $15,000 to $24,999 174,093 16.7 166,117 14.7 -7,976 -4.6
  $25,000 to $34,999 156,910 15.0 138,832 12.3 -18,078 -11.5
  $35,000 to $49,999 182,881 17.5 171,517 15.2 -11,364 -6.2
  $50,000 to $74,999 170,245 16.3 192,375 17.1 22,130 13.0
  $75,000 to $99,999 67,095 6.4 109,274 9.7 42,179 62.9
  $100,000 to $149,999 39,574 3.8 91,952 8.2 52,378 132.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 10,118 1.0 26,723 2.4 16,605 164.1
  $200,000 or more 12,728 1.2 20,258 1.8 7,530 59.2
  Median household income (dollars) 32,182... 38,758... 6,576 20.4
  Median family income (dollars) 38,663... 48,713... 10,050 26.0
  Per capita income (dollars) 16,904... 21,203... 4,299 25.4

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $98,745M (2011Q2) to $101,745M (2012Q2) -- a change of $3,000M ( 3.0%). Per capita personal income increased from $33,798 (2011Q2) to $34,631 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,215 ( 3.6%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 98,71498,74599,36399,686100,556101,745
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 97,26497,35697,98098,39599,250100,354
  Farm income 10.2/ 1,4501,3891,3831,2911,3061,391
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 66,38866,05766,69766,87767,33868,010
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 7,1727,1507,2357,2687,3327,378
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 3,3743,3793,4323,4643,4703,494
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 3,7983,7713,8033,8043,8623,884
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -228-190-195-189-178-178
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 58,98958,71759,26759,42059,82760,455
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 15,91116,16116,23416,32716,51816,891
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 23,81423,86823,86323,93924,21024,399
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 46,40946,12546,61446,75147,14047,535
Supplements to wages and salaries 12,18812,13212,24512,31312,32612,415
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 8,3908,3608,4428,5098,4648,532
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 3,7983,7713,8033,8043,8623,884
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 7,7907,8007,8387,8137,8728,059
  Farm proprietors' income 1,2001,1391,1331,0409891,114
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 6,5906,6616,7056,7726,8836,946
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 33,78833,79834,01034,12034,22634,631

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 12.02 (2000) to 14.90 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 15.84 (2000) to 19.50 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 2,885,212) with health insurance was 2,392,902. Of those with health insurance, 1,687,663 had private health insurance and 1,055,915 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 23.62% ( 576,471) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 2,440,964) had a disability. In 2011, 16.82% ( 485,364) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 2,885,212) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 1,173,043 (2000) to 1,324,471 (2011) -- a change of 151,428 ( 12.91%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 1,173,043 100.0 1,324,471 100.0 151,428 12.9
  Occupied housing units 1,042,696 88.9 1,127,621 85.1 84,925 8.1
    Owner-occupied housing units 723,535 61.7 750,984 56.7 27,449 3.8
    Renter-occupied housing units 319,161 27.2 376,637 28.4 57,476 18.0
  Vacant housing units 130,347 11.1 196,850 14.9 66,503 51.0

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $72,800 (2000) to $106,300 (2011) -- a change of $33,500 ( 46.02%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 723,535 100.0 750,984 100.0 27,449 3.8
  Less than $50,000 140,655 19.4 136,420 18.2 -4,235 -3.0
  $50,000 to $99,999 230,751 31.9 218,636 29.1 -12,115 -5.3
  $100,000 to $149,999 81,850 11.3 146,731 19.5 64,881 79.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 31,081 4.3 109,048 14.5 77,967 250.9
  $200,000 to $299,999 19,075 2.6 83,340 11.1 64,265 336.9
  $300,000 to $499,999 7,608 1.1 40,898 5.4 33,290 437.6
  $500,000 to $999,999 1,880 0.3 12,890 1.7 11,010 585.6
  $1,000,000 or more 583 0.1 3,021 0.4 2,438 418.2
Median value (dollars) 72,800... 106,300... 33,500 46.0

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $453 (2000) to $639 (2011) -- a change of $186 ( 41.06%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $737 (2000) to $988 (2011) -- a change of $251 ( 34.06%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 312,244 100.0 441,581 100.0 129,337 41.4
  Less than $300 5,845 1.9 1,071 0.2 -4,774 -81.7
  $300 to $499 48,139 15.4 19,569 4.4 -28,570 -59.3
  $500 to $699 87,598 28.1 71,406 16.2 -16,192 -18.5
  $700 to $999 94,841 30.4 134,178 30.4 39,337 41.5
  $1,000 to $1,499 53,250 17.1 132,432 30.0 79,182 148.7
  $1,500 to $1,999 14,208 4.6 50,340 11.4 36,132 254.3
  $2,000 or more 8,363 2.7 32,585 7.4 24,222 289.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 737... 988... 251 34.1
Housing units without a mortgage 201,239 64.4 309,403 100.0 108,164 53.7
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 240... 310... 70 29.2


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
ProximityOne. Copyright © 2012. All Rights Reserved.
This document may be freely redistributed without further authorization.