Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: California

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The California total population increased from 33,871,648 (2000) to 37,691,912 (2011) -- a change of 3,820,264 ( 11.28%). The median age increased from 33.3 (2000) to 35.4 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 6,762,848 (2000) to 6,733,781 (2011) -- a change of -29,067 ( -0.43%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 33,871,648 100.0 37,691,912 100.0 3,820,264 11.3
  Male 16,874,892 49.8 18,750,692 49.7 1,875,800 11.1
  Female 16,996,756 50.2 18,941,220 50.3 1,944,464 11.4
  Under 5 years 2,486,981 7.3 2,533,655 6.7 46,674 1.9
  5 to 9 years 2,725,880 8.0 2,515,834 6.7 -210,046 -7.7
  10 to 14 years 2,570,822 7.6 2,580,033 6.8 9,211 0.4
  15 to 19 years 2,450,888 7.2 2,751,463 7.3 300,575 12.3
  20 to 24 years 2,381,288 7.0 2,867,055 7.6 485,767 20.4
  25 to 34 years 5,229,062 15.4 5,404,486 14.3 175,424 3.4
  35 to 44 years 5,485,341 16.2 5,169,975 13.7 -315,366 -5.7
  45 to 54 years 4,331,635 12.8 5,253,128 13.9 921,493 21.3
  55 to 59 years 1,467,252 4.3 2,279,802 6.0 812,550 55.4
  60 to 64 years 1,146,841 3.4 1,938,428 5.1 791,587 69.0
  65 to 74 years 1,887,823 5.6 2,376,991 6.3 489,168 25.9
  75 to 84 years 1,282,178 3.8 1,390,089 3.7 107,911 8.4
  85 years and over 425,657 1.3 630,973 1.7 205,316 48.2
  Median age 33.3... 35.4... 2.1 6.3

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 41,294,0563.51,237,2773.3
  5- 91,279,5633.41,226,2763.3
  10-141,325,9153.61,265,0153.4
  15-191,455,0823.91,368,8583.7
  20-241,440,7853.91,325,1643.6
  25-291,408,6983.81,335,7113.6
  30-341,304,3473.51,269,1213.4
  35-391,291,3703.51,282,2093.4
  40-441,313,3233.51,295,8083.5
  45-491,341,9843.61,347,8353.6
  50-541,266,5433.41,296,0093.5
  55-591,069,9762.91,134,3203.0
  60-64879,1712.4953,0262.6
  65-69610,2241.6693,3341.9
  70-74443,4021.2528,3761.4
  75-79337,1740.9429,7971.2
  80-84245,4020.7357,8371.0
  85+ 210,8150.6390,1531.0

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 3,697,513 (2000) to 4,970,627 (2011) -- a change of 1,273,114 ( 34.43%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 221,458 (2000) to 294,022 (2011) -- a change of 72,564 ( 32.77%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 33,871,648 100.0 37,691,912 100.0 3,820,264 11.3
One Race 32,264,002 95.3 36,097,905 95.8 3,833,903 11.9
  White 20,170,059 59.5 23,698,393 62.9 3,528,334 17.5
  Black or African American 2,263,882 6.7 2,253,905 6.0 -9,977 -0.4
  American Indian and Alaska Native 333,346 1.0 289,597 0.8 -43,749 -13.1
  Asian 3,697,513 10.9 4,970,627 13.2 1,273,114 34.4
    Asian Indian 314,819 0.9 578,235 1.5 263,416 83.7
    Chinese 980,642 2.9 1,294,771 3.4 314,129 32.0
    Filipino 918,678 2.7 1,182,082 3.1 263,404 28.7
    Japanese 288,854 0.9 271,685 0.7 -17,169 -5.9
    Korean 345,882 1.0 453,175 1.2 107,293 31.0
    Vietnamese 447,032 1.3 610,700 1.6 163,668 36.6
    Other Asian 401,606 1.2 579,979 1.5 178,373 44.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 116,961 0.3 146,894 0.4 29,933 25.6
    Native Hawaiian 20,571 0.1 23,158 0.1 2,587 12.6
    Guamanian or Chamorro 20,918 0.1 21,201 0.1 283 1.4
    Samoan 37,498 0.1 42,804 0.1 5,306 14.2
    Other Pacific Islander 37,974 0.1 59,731 0.2 21,757 57.3
  Some other race 5,682,241 16.8 4,738,489 12.6 -943,752 -16.6
Two or more races 1,607,646 4.7 1,594,007 4.2 -13,639 -0.8
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 21,490,973 63.4 25,002,505 66.3 3,511,532 16.3
  Black or African American 2,513,041 7.4 2,664,982 7.1 151,941 6.0
  American Indian and Alaska Native 627,562 1.9 689,320 1.8 61,758 9.8
  Asian 4,155,685 12.3 5,643,693 15.0 1,488,008 35.8
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 221,458 0.7 294,022 0.8 72,564 32.8
  Some other race 6,575,625 19.4 5,140,866 13.6 -1,434,759 -21.8
Hispanic 10,966,556 32.4 14,359,500 38.1 3,392,944 30.9

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 11,502,870 (2000) to 12,468,743 (2011) -- a change of 965,873 ( 8.40%). The number of families increased from 7,920,049 (2000) to 8,518,518 (2011) -- a change of 598,469 ( 7.56%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 11,502,870 100.0 12,468,743 100.0 965,873 8.4
  Family households (families) 7,920,049 68.9 8,518,518 68.3 598,469 7.6
    Married-couple family 5,877,084 51.1 6,059,185 48.6 182,101 3.1
  Nonfamily households 3,582,821 31.1 3,950,225 31.7 367,404 10.3
    Householder living alone 2,708,308 23.5 3,050,172 24.5 341,864 12.6
      Householder 65 years and over 892,207 7.8 1,060,017 8.5 167,810 18.8

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 4,288,452 (2000) to 5,150,994 (2011) -- a change of 862,542 ( 20.11%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 21,298,900 100.0 24,443,872 100.0 3,144,972 14.8
  Less than 9th grade 2,446,324 11.5 2,511,634 10.3 65,310 2.7
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 2,496,419 11.7 2,110,457 8.6 -385,962 -15.5
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 4,288,452 20.1 5,150,994 21.1 862,542 20.1
  Some college, no degree 4,879,336 22.9 5,392,030 22.1 512,694 10.5
  Associate's degree 1,518,403 7.1 1,872,437 7.7 354,034 23.3
  Bachelor's degree 3,640,157 17.1 4,697,422 19.2 1,057,265 29.0
  Graduate or professional degree 2,029,809 9.5 2,708,898 11.1 679,089 33.5
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 76.8... 81.1 4.3 5.6
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 26.6... 30.3 3.7 13.9

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 10,129,990 (2000) to 10,584,220 (2011) -- a change of 454,230 ( 4.48%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 10,129,990 100.0 10,584,220 100.0 454,230 4.5
  Nursery school, preschool 547,066 5.4 588,092 5.6 41,026 7.5
  Kindergarten 554,361 5.5 512,746 4.8 -41,615 -7.5
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 4,349,867 42.9 4,064,276 38.4 -285,591 -6.6
  High school (grades 9-12) 2,122,098 20.9 2,258,239 21.3 136,141 6.4
  College or graduate school 2,556,598 25.2 3,160,867 29.9 604,269 23.6

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 6,277,779 (2000) to 6,816,671 (2011) -- a change of 538,892 ( 8.58%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 31,416,629 100.0 35,158,257 100.0 3,741,628 11.9
  English only 19,014,873 60.5 19,768,046 56.2 753,173 4.0
  Language other than English 12,401,756 39.5 15,390,211 43.8 2,988,455 24.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 6,277,779 20.0 6,816,671 19.4 538,892 8.6
  Spanish 8,105,505 25.8 10,124,555 28.8 2,019,050 24.9
    Speak English less than "very well" 4,303,949 13.7 4,525,829 12.9 221,880 5.2
  Other Indo-European languages 1,335,332 4.3 1,574,999 4.5 239,667 17.9
    Speak English less than "very well" 453,589 1.4 504,980 1.4 51,391 11.3
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 2,709,179 8.6 3,367,657 9.6 658,478 24.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 1,438,588 4.6 1,676,445 4.8 237,857 16.5

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 14,718,928 (2000) to 16,426,694 (2011) -- a change of 1,707,766 ( 11.60%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 25,596,144 100.0 29,530,797 100.0 3,934,653 15.4
  In labor force 15,977,879 62.4 18,869,522 63.9 2,891,643 18.1
    Civilian labor force 15,829,202 61.8 18,737,749 63.5 2,908,547 18.4
      Employed 14,718,928 57.5 16,426,694 55.6 1,707,766 11.6
      Unemployed 1,110,274 4.3 2,311,055 7.8 1,200,781 108.2
      Percent of civilian labor force... 7.0... 12.3 5.3 75.7
    Armed Forces 148,677 0.6 131,773 0.4 -16,904 -11.4
  Not in labor force 9,618,265 37.6 10,661,275 36.1 1,043,010 10.8

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 14,718,928 100.0 16,426,694 100.0 1,707,766 11.6
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 282,717 1.9 395,575 2.4 112,858 39.9
  Construction 915,023 6.2 951,817 5.8 36,794 4.0
  Manufacturing 1,930,141 13.1 1,631,942 9.9 -298,199 -15.4
  Wholesale trade 596,309 4.1 510,624 3.1 -85,685 -14.4
  Retail trade 1,641,243 11.2 1,846,876 11.2 205,633 12.5
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 689,387 4.7 755,228 4.6 65,841 9.6
  Information 577,463 3.9 448,072 2.7 -129,391 -22.4
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 1,016,916 6.9 1,033,647 6.3 16,731 1.6
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 1,711,625 11.6 2,067,097 12.6 355,472 20.8
  Educational, health and social services 2,723,928 18.5 3,464,259 21.1 740,331 27.2
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 1,204,211 8.2 1,628,412 9.9 424,201 35.2
  Other services (except public administration) 761,154 5.2 895,570 5.5 134,416 17.7
  Public administration 668,811 4.5 797,575 4.9 128,764 19.3

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 18,494,621 (May 2012) to 18,359,817 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -134,804 ( -0.7%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force18,494,62118,458,06418,404,51718,339,54118,332,87818,359,817
  Employed16,500,56516,483,93316,442,25816,403,96916,456,34516,511,790
  Unemployed1,994,0561,974,1311,962,2591,935,5721,876,5331,848,027
  Unemployment rate 10.8 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.2 10.1

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 27.7 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 14,525,322). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 27.1 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 16,047,067).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 49.84% ( 15,659,090) of the population 5 years and over ( 31,416,629) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 16.14% ( 6,009,368) of the population 1 year and over ( 37,222,678) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $47,493 (2000) to $57,287 (2011) -- a change of $9,794 ( 20.62%). The per capita income increased from $22,711 (2000) to $27,859 (2011) -- a change of $5,148 ( 22.67%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $59,540 (2010) to $57,287 (2011) -- a change of ($2,253) ( -3.78%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.471 (2010) to 0.481 (2011) -- a change of 0.010 ( 2.123%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 11,512,020 100.0 12,468,743 100.0 956,723 8.3
  Less than $10,000 967,089 8.4 782,975 6.3 -184,114 -19.0
  $10,000 to $14,999 648,780 5.6 679,109 5.4 30,329 4.7
  $15,000 to $24,999 1,318,246 11.5 1,302,713 10.4 -15,533 -1.2
  $25,000 to $34,999 1,315,085 11.4 1,171,325 9.4 -143,760 -10.9
  $35,000 to $49,999 1,745,961 15.2 1,588,032 12.7 -157,929 -9.0
  $50,000 to $74,999 2,202,873 19.1 2,112,377 16.9 -90,496 -4.1
  $75,000 to $99,999 1,326,569 11.5 1,488,173 11.9 161,604 12.2
  $100,000 to $149,999 1,192,618 10.4 1,768,081 14.2 575,463 48.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 385,248 3.3 771,568 6.2 386,320 100.3
  $200,000 or more 409,551 3.6 804,390 6.5 394,839 96.4
  Median household income (dollars) 47,493... 57,287... 9,794 20.6
  Median family income (dollars) 53,025... 65,476... 12,451 23.5
  Per capita income (dollars) 22,711... 27,859... 5,148 22.7

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $1,644,013M (2011Q2) to $1,704,833M (2012Q2) -- a change of $60,820M ( 3.7%). Per capita personal income increased from $44,017 (2011Q2) to $45,231 (2012Q2) -- a change of $2,028 ( 4.6%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 1,638,8561,644,0131,648,7841,648,9001,686,2071,704,833
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 1,623,6501,628,6641,633,8221,633,7321,670,2011,689,157
  Farm income 10.2/ 15,20615,35014,96215,16716,00515,676
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 1,203,8761,206,1221,213,0831,211,7131,245,2531,256,944
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 113,170113,713114,749114,878118,507119,363
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 54,77455,28855,97656,23757,57858,014
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 58,39558,42658,77358,64060,92961,350
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -126-97-94-72-142-147
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 1,090,5801,092,3111,098,2411,096,7641,126,6041,137,433
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 283,800289,227290,246292,414296,742303,567
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 264,476262,475260,297259,722262,861263,832
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 851,193851,089855,796853,617879,660887,862
Supplements to wages and salaries 198,733199,431201,648201,261206,274207,847
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 140,338141,005142,875142,620145,344146,498
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 58,39558,42658,77358,64060,92961,350
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 153,950155,602155,640156,836159,319161,234
  Farm proprietors' income 9,95010,0739,6699,8669,1249,649
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 143,999145,529145,971146,970150,195151,585
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 43,87944,01744,14544,14844,73745,231

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 10.59 (2000) to 12.40 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 14.22 (2000) to 16.60 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 37,161,789) with health insurance was 30,436,185. Of those with health insurance, 22,363,032 had private health insurance and 11,076,644 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 19.20% ( 5,923,361) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 30,853,063) had a disability. In 2011, 10.09% ( 3,749,792) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 37,161,789) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 12,214,549 (2000) to 13,721,187 (2011) -- a change of 1,506,638 ( 12.33%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 12,214,549 100.0 13,721,187 100.0 1,506,638 12.3
  Occupied housing units 11,502,870 94.2 12,468,743 90.9 965,873 8.4
    Owner-occupied housing units 6,546,334 53.6 6,843,369 49.9 297,035 4.5
    Renter-occupied housing units 4,956,536 40.6 5,625,374 41.0 668,838 13.5
  Vacant housing units 711,679 5.8 1,252,444 9.1 540,765 76.0

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $211,500 (2000) to $355,600 (2011) -- a change of $144,100 ( 68.13%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 6,546,334 100.0 6,843,369 100.0 297,035 4.5
  Less than $50,000 84,079 1.3 263,488 3.9 179,409 213.4
  $50,000 to $99,999 557,004 8.5 328,995 4.8 -228,009 -40.9
  $100,000 to $149,999 934,731 14.3 469,223 6.9 -465,508 -49.8
  $150,000 to $199,999 1,027,275 15.7 589,284 8.6 -437,991 -42.6
  $200,000 to $299,999 1,234,462 18.9 1,165,024 17.0 -69,438 -5.6
  $300,000 to $499,999 1,054,888 16.1 1,860,313 27.2 805,425 76.4
  $500,000 to $999,999 506,560 7.7 1,680,288 24.6 1,173,728 231.7
  $1,000,000 or more 128,619 2.0 486,754 7.1 358,135 278.4
Median value (dollars) 211,500... 355,600... 144,100 68.1

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $747 (2000) to $1,174 (2011) -- a change of $427 ( 57.16%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,478 (2000) to $2,182 (2011) -- a change of $704 ( 47.63%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 4,367,361 100.0 5,102,167 100.0 734,806 16.8
  Less than $300 13,898 0.3 6,357 0.1 -7,541 -54.3
  $300 to $499 99,711 2.3 37,944 0.7 -61,767 -61.9
  $500 to $699 223,464 5.1 88,791 1.7 -134,673 -60.3
  $700 to $999 597,073 13.7 278,880 5.5 -318,193 -53.3
  $1,000 to $1,499 1,307,350 29.9 833,666 16.3 -473,684 -36.2
  $1,500 to $1,999 1,003,607 23.0 988,809 19.4 -14,798 -1.5
  $2,000 or more 1,122,258 25.7 2,867,720 56.2 1,745,462 155.5
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,478... 2,182... 704 47.6
Housing units without a mortgage 1,160,257 26.6 1,741,202 100.0 580,945 50.1
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 305... 464... 159 52.1


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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