Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: District of Columbia

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The District of Columbia total population increased from 572,059 (2000) to 617,996 (2011) -- a change of 45,937 ( 8.03%). The median age decreased from 34.6 (2000) to 33.4 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 82,456 (2000) to 69,248 (2011) -- a change of -13,208 ( -16.02%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 572,059 100.0 617,996 100.0 45,937 8.0
  Male 269,366 47.1 292,283 47.3 22,917 8.5
  Female 302,693 52.9 325,713 52.7 23,020 7.6
  Under 5 years 32,536 5.7 36,232 5.9 3,696 11.4
  5 to 9 years 35,385 6.2 26,634 4.3 -8,751 -24.7
  10 to 14 years 30,018 5.2 26,062 4.2 -3,956 -13.2
  15 to 19 years 37,867 6.6 40,698 6.6 2,831 7.5
  20 to 24 years 51,823 9.1 60,109 9.7 8,286 16.0
  25 to 34 years 101,762 17.8 133,265 21.6 31,503 31.0
  35 to 44 years 87,677 15.3 82,827 13.4 -4,850 -5.5
  45 to 54 years 75,310 13.2 75,369 12.2 59 0.1
  55 to 59 years 27,803 4.9 35,264 5.7 7,461 26.8
  60 to 64 years 21,980 3.8 31,798 5.1 9,818 44.7
  65 to 74 years 35,919 6.3 37,760 6.1 1,841 5.1
  75 to 84 years 25,004 4.4 21,746 3.5 -3,258 -13.0
  85 years and over 8,975 1.6 10,232 1.7 1,257 14.0
  Median age 34.6... 33.4... -1.2 -3.5

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 416,5332.716,0802.7
  5- 913,1982.212,9492.2
  10-1412,6412.112,4002.1
  15-1918,9513.120,9683.5
  20-2428,8014.835,3095.9
  25-2932,1675.337,4826.2
  30-3426,6174.428,4794.7
  35-3921,4473.621,4783.6
  40-4419,1363.218,5983.1
  45-4919,5343.219,0053.2
  50-5418,1143.019,0503.2
  55-5915,9942.718,2803.0
  60-6413,3982.216,3052.7
  65-699,6051.611,8832.0
  70-746,6711.18,8101.5
  75-794,7820.87,0381.2
  80-843,5160.66,1891.0
  85+ 3,1170.57,1981.2

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 15,189 (2000) to 22,510 (2011) -- a change of 7,321 ( 48.20%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 785 (2000) to 449 (2011) -- a change of -336 ( -42.80%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 572,059 100.0 617,996 100.0 45,937 8.0
One Race 558,613 97.6 605,236 97.9 46,623 8.3
  White 176,101 30.8 246,505 39.9 70,404 40.0
  Black or African American 343,312 60.0 309,845 50.1 -33,467 -9.7
  American Indian and Alaska Native 1,713 0.3 1,956 0.3 243 14.2
  Asian 15,189 2.7 22,510 3.6 7,321 48.2
    Asian Indian 2,845 0.5 5,443 0.9 2,598 91.3
    Chinese 3,734 0.7 5,192 0.8 1,458 39.0
    Filipino 2,228 0.4 2,479 0.4 251 11.3
    Japanese 1,117 0.2 1,138 0.2 21 1.9
    Korean 1,095 0.2 2,613 0.4 1,518 138.6
    Vietnamese 1,903 0.3 1,656 0.3 -247 -13.0
    Other Asian 2,267 0.4 3,989 0.6 1,722 76.0
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 348 0.1 0 0.0 -348 -100.0
    Native Hawaiian 138 0.0 -1 0.0 -139 -100.7
    Guamanian or Chamorro 62 0.0 -1 0.0 -63 -101.6
    Samoan 51 0.0 -1 0.0 -52 -102.0
    Other Pacific Islander 97 0.0 -1 0.0 -98 -101.0
  Some other race 21,950 3.8 24,420 4.0 2,470 11.3
Two or more races 13,446 2.4 12,760 2.1 -686 -5.1
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 184,309 32.2 257,354 41.6 73,045 39.6
  Black or African American 350,455 61.3 316,520 51.2 -33,935 -9.7
  American Indian and Alaska Native 4,775 0.8 4,990 0.8 215 4.5
  Asian 17,956 3.1 27,444 4.4 9,488 52.8
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 785 0.1 449 0.1 -336 -42.8
  Some other race 28,627 5.0 26,153 4.2 -2,474 -8.6
Hispanic 44,953 7.9 58,744 9.5 13,791 30.7

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 248,338 (2000) to 268,670 (2011) -- a change of 20,332 ( 8.19%). The number of families decreased from 114,166 (2000) to 114,045 (2011) -- a change of -121 ( -0.11%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 248,338 100.0 268,670 100.0 20,332 8.2
  Family households (families) 114,166 46.0 114,045 42.4 -121 -0.1
    Married-couple family 56,631 22.8 57,247 21.3 616 1.1
  Nonfamily households 134,172 54.0 154,625 57.6 20,453 15.2
    Householder living alone 108,744 43.8 121,522 45.2 12,778 11.8
      Householder 65 years and over 24,903 10.0 26,279 9.8 1,376 5.5

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates decreased from 79,169 (2000) to 75,897 (2011) -- a change of -3,272 ( -4.13%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 384,535 100.0 428,261 100.0 43,726 11.4
  Less than 9th grade 29,803 7.8 21,916 5.1 -7,887 -26.5
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 55,446 14.4 32,774 7.7 -22,672 -40.9
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 79,169 20.6 75,897 17.7 -3,272 -4.1
  Some college, no degree 59,281 15.4 61,003 14.2 1,722 2.9
  Associate's degree 10,599 2.8 11,907 2.8 1,308 12.3
  Bachelor's degree 69,496 18.1 99,622 23.3 30,126 43.3
  Graduate or professional degree 80,741 21.0 125,142 29.2 44,401 55.0
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 77.8... 87.2 9.4 12.1
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 39.1... 52.5 13.4 34.3

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 157,475 (2000) to 160,469 (2011) -- a change of 2,994 ( 1.90%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 157,475 100.0 160,469 100.0 2,994 1.9
  Nursery school, preschool 9,409 6.0 10,970 6.8 1,561 16.6
  Kindergarten 7,400 4.7 8,170 5.1 770 10.4
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 54,474 34.6 40,870 25.5 -13,604 -25.0
  High school (grades 9-12) 26,694 17.0 24,566 15.3 -2,128 -8.0
  College or graduate school 59,498 37.8 75,893 47.3 16,395 27.6

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," decreased from 38,236 (2000) to 24,105 (2011) -- a change of -14,131 ( -36.96%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 539,658 100.0 581,764 100.0 42,106 7.8
  English only 449,241 83.2 494,248 85.0 45,007 10.0
  Language other than English 90,417 16.8 87,516 15.0 -2,901 -3.2
    Speak English less than "very well" 38,236 7.1 24,105 4.1 -14,131 -37.0
  Spanish 49,461 9.2 41,851 7.2 -7,610 -15.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 25,355 4.7 13,832 2.4 -11,523 -45.4
  Other Indo-European languages 23,721 4.4 25,929 4.5 2,208 9.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 5,815 1.1 3,705 0.6 -2,110 -36.3
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 8,974 1.7 9,376 1.6 402 4.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 4,508 0.8 3,506 0.6 -1,002 -22.2

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 263,108 (2000) to 310,607 (2011) -- a change of 47,499 ( 18.05%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 469,041 100.0 523,073 100.0 54,032 11.5
  In labor force 298,225 63.6 352,716 67.4 54,491 18.3
    Civilian labor force 294,952 62.9 350,483 67.0 55,531 18.8
      Employed 263,108 56.1 310,607 59.4 47,499 18.1
      Unemployed 31,844 6.8 39,876 7.6 8,032 25.2
      Percent of civilian labor force... 10.8... 11.4 0.6 5.6
    Armed Forces 3,273 0.7 2,233 0.4 -1,040 -31.8
  Not in labor force 170,816 36.4 170,357 32.6 -459 -0.3

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 263,108 100.0 310,607 100.0 47,499 18.1
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 203 0.1 108 0.0 -95 -46.8
  Construction 10,337 3.9 10,818 3.5 481 4.7
  Manufacturing 4,024 1.5 3,689 1.2 -335 -8.3
  Wholesale trade 2,385 0.9 1,736 0.6 -649 -27.2
  Retail trade 15,678 6.0 14,239 4.6 -1,439 -9.2
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 9,521 3.6 11,208 3.6 1,687 17.7
  Information 16,846 6.4 12,933 4.2 -3,913 -23.2
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 19,388 7.4 18,262 5.9 -1,126 -5.8
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 49,564 18.8 64,799 20.9 15,235 30.7
  Educational, health and social services 47,312 18.0 62,135 20.0 14,823 31.3
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 23,904 9.1 26,050 8.4 2,146 9.0
  Other services (except public administration) 24,445 9.3 28,427 9.2 3,982 16.3
  Public administration 39,501 15.0 56,203 18.1 16,702 42.3

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 352,149 (May 2012) to 360,385 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 8,236 ( 2.3%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force352,149354,112353,809354,020357,296360,385
  Employed319,283321,954322,148322,847326,388329,615
  Unemployed32,86632,15831,66131,17330,90830,770
  Unemployment rate 9.3 9.1 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.5

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 29.7 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 260,884). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 30.1 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 306,801).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 50.10% ( 270,359) of the population 5 years and over ( 539,658) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 19.94% ( 121,949) of the population 1 year and over ( 611,608) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $40,127 (2000) to $63,124 (2011) -- a change of $22,997 ( 57.31%). The per capita income increased from $28,659 (2000) to $44,578 (2011) -- a change of $15,919 ( 55.55%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income increased from $62,009 (2010) to $63,124 (2011) -- a change of $1,115 ( 1.80%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.532 (2010) to 0.534 (2011) -- a change of 0.002 ( 0.376%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 248,590 100.0 268,670 100.0 20,080 8.1
  Less than $10,000 36,939 14.9 29,641 11.0 -7,298 -19.8
  $10,000 to $14,999 14,594 5.9 11,462 4.3 -3,132 -21.5
  $15,000 to $24,999 28,443 11.4 21,040 7.8 -7,403 -26.0
  $25,000 to $34,999 30,592 12.3 17,567 6.5 -13,025 -42.6
  $35,000 to $49,999 35,311 14.2 29,263 10.9 -6,048 -17.1
  $50,000 to $74,999 39,553 15.9 41,572 15.5 2,019 5.1
  $75,000 to $99,999 22,437 9.0 29,481 11.0 7,044 31.4
  $100,000 to $149,999 20,790 8.4 40,423 15.0 19,633 94.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 8,292 3.3 17,878 6.7 9,586 115.6
  $200,000 or more 11,639 4.7 30,343 11.3 18,704 160.7
  Median household income (dollars) 40,127... 63,124... 22,997 57.3
  Median family income (dollars) 46,283... 75,603... 29,320 63.3
  Per capita income (dollars) 28,659... 44,578... 15,919 55.5

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $45,585M (2011Q2) to $47,158M (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,573M ( 3.5%). Per capita personal income increased from $75,415 (2011Q2) to $76,308 (2012Q2) -- a change of $4,255 ( 5.6%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 45,00545,58545,71846,08446,65047,158
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 45,00545,58545,71846,08446,65047,158
  Farm income 10.2/ 000000
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 83,54284,49884,77985,25385,52385,959
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 7,5027,5017,4527,4467,4717,488
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 3,1293,1043,0533,0413,0263,037
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 4,3724,3974,3994,4054,4454,451
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -42,210-42,706-42,913-43,092-42,953-43,070
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 33,83134,29134,41434,71435,09935,402
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 5,4895,5595,5485,5715,6585,802
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 5,6865,7345,7555,7995,8935,954
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 59,91660,45760,63361,04561,14261,462
Supplements to wages and salaries 17,80318,02818,18418,20618,16318,189
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 13,43113,63113,78513,80113,71913,738
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 4,3724,3974,3994,4054,4454,451
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 5,8236,0125,9636,0016,2186,309
  Farm proprietors' income 000000
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 5,8236,0125,9636,0016,2186,309
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 74,45675,41575,63576,24175,48676,308

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 16.70 (2000) to 15.40 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 20.22 (2000) to 18.70 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 608,165) with health insurance was 566,158. Of those with health insurance, 429,897 had private health insurance and 208,152 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 21.93% ( 115,980) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 528,933) had a disability. In 2011, 11.09% ( 67,435) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 608,165) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 274,845 (2000) to 298,908 (2011) -- a change of 24,063 ( 8.76%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 274,845 100.0 298,908 100.0 24,063 8.8
  Occupied housing units 248,338 90.4 268,670 89.9 20,332 8.2
    Owner-occupied housing units 101,214 36.8 110,625 37.0 9,411 9.3
    Renter-occupied housing units 147,124 53.5 158,045 52.9 10,921 7.4
  Vacant housing units 26,507 9.6 30,238 10.1 3,731 14.1

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $157,200 (2000) to $422,400 (2011) -- a change of $265,200 ( 168.70%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 101,214 100.0 110,625 100.0 9,411 9.3
  Less than $50,000 646 0.6 1,529 1.4 883 136.7
  $50,000 to $99,999 13,574 13.4 1,338 1.2 -12,236 -90.1
  $100,000 to $149,999 21,954 21.7 3,206 2.9 -18,748 -85.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 11,261 11.1 5,032 4.5 -6,229 -55.3
  $200,000 to $299,999 8,631 8.5 19,143 17.3 10,512 121.8
  $300,000 to $499,999 11,977 11.8 34,946 31.6 22,969 191.8
  $500,000 to $999,999 6,695 6.6 33,052 29.9 26,357 393.7
  $1,000,000 or more 1,551 1.5 12,379 11.2 10,828 698.1
Median value (dollars) 157,200... 422,400... 265,200 168.7

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $618 (2000) to $1,216 (2011) -- a change of $598 ( 96.76%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,291 (2000) to $2,224 (2011) -- a change of $933 ( 72.27%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 55,138 100.0 87,297 100.0 32,159 58.3
  Less than $300 301 0.5 294 0.3 -7 -2.3
  $300 to $499 1,842 3.3 670 0.8 -1,172 -63.6
  $500 to $699 4,162 7.5 973 1.1 -3,189 -76.6
  $700 to $999 10,404 18.9 4,394 5.0 -6,010 -57.8
  $1,000 to $1,499 17,140 31.1 14,586 16.7 -2,554 -14.9
  $1,500 to $1,999 8,141 14.8 16,374 18.8 8,233 101.1
  $2,000 or more 13,148 23.8 50,006 57.3 36,858 280.3
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,291... 2,224... 933 72.3
Housing units without a mortgage 21,151 38.4 23,328 100.0 2,177 10.3
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 313... 573... 260 83.1


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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