Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Georgia

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Georgia total population increased from 8,186,453 (2000) to 9,815,210 (2011) -- a change of 1,628,757 ( 19.90%). The median age increased from 33.4 (2000) to 35.5 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,574,084 (2000) to 1,814,042 (2011) -- a change of 239,958 ( 15.24%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 8,186,453 100.0 9,815,210 100.0 1,628,757 19.9
  Male 4,027,113 49.2 4,808,996 49.0 781,883 19.4
  Female 4,159,340 50.8 5,006,214 51.0 846,874 20.4
  Under 5 years 595,150 7.3 674,027 6.9 78,877 13.3
  5 to 9 years 615,584 7.5 698,065 7.1 82,481 13.4
  10 to 14 years 607,759 7.4 706,855 7.2 99,096 16.3
  15 to 19 years 596,277 7.3 722,839 7.4 126,562 21.2
  20 to 24 years 592,196 7.2 704,463 7.2 112,267 19.0
  25 to 34 years 1,299,256 15.9 1,326,493 13.5 27,237 2.1
  35 to 44 years 1,353,508 16.5 1,403,082 14.3 49,574 3.7
  45 to 54 years 1,079,992 13.2 1,389,718 14.2 309,726 28.7
  55 to 59 years 375,651 4.6 584,008 6.0 208,357 55.5
  60 to 64 years 285,805 3.5 529,765 5.4 243,960 85.4
  65 to 74 years 435,695 5.3 642,705 6.5 207,010 47.5
  75 to 84 years 261,723 3.2 317,836 3.2 56,113 21.4
  85 years and over 87,857 1.1 115,354 1.2 27,497 31.3
  Median age 33.4... 35.5... 2.1 6.3

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4350,6733.6336,1123.5
  5- 9353,9093.7341,2523.5
  10-14352,5773.6337,1073.5
  15-19362,9343.7347,0653.6
  20-24344,4773.6335,6033.5
  25-29333,8313.4340,1043.5
  30-34324,3793.3337,2463.5
  35-39340,4543.5357,6053.7
  40-44344,0983.6355,3833.7
  45-49353,1373.6369,5243.8
  50-54324,3433.3344,2483.6
  55-59271,7792.8301,7723.1
  60-64234,5502.4261,4562.7
  65-69166,3501.7189,6572.0
  70-74112,7131.2137,7091.4
  75-7977,1560.8105,5791.1
  80-8448,5000.580,5480.8
  85+ 33,3110.380,5120.8

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 173,170 (2000) to 322,841 (2011) -- a change of 149,671 ( 86.43%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 9,689 (2000) to 12,052 (2011) -- a change of 2,363 ( 24.39%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 8,186,453 100.0 9,815,210 100.0 1,628,757 19.9
One Race 8,072,265 98.6 9,624,976 98.1 1,552,711 19.2
  White 5,327,281 65.1 5,961,961 60.7 634,680 11.9
  Black or African American 2,349,542 28.7 3,021,927 30.8 672,385 28.6
  American Indian and Alaska Native 21,737 0.3 24,980 0.3 3,243 14.9
  Asian 173,170 2.1 322,841 3.3 149,671 86.4
    Asian Indian 46,132 0.6 83,666 0.9 37,534 81.4
    Chinese 27,446 0.3 55,375 0.6 27,929 101.8
    Filipino 11,036 0.1 23,378 0.2 12,342 111.8
    Japanese 7,242 0.1 7,492 0.1 250 3.5
    Korean 28,745 0.4 55,034 0.6 26,289 91.5
    Vietnamese 29,016 0.4 47,557 0.5 18,541 63.9
    Other Asian 23,553 0.3 50,339 0.5 26,786 113.7
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 4,246 0.1 5,659 0.1 1,413 33.3
    Native Hawaiian 866 0.0 1,175 0.0 309 35.7
    Guamanian or Chamorro 1,566 0.0 2,107 0.0 541 34.5
    Samoan 819 0.0 362 0.0 -457 -55.8
    Other Pacific Islander 995 0.0 2,015 0.0 1,020 102.5
  Some other race 196,289 2.4 287,608 2.9 91,319 46.5
Two or more races 114,188 1.4 190,234 1.9 76,046 66.6
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 5,412,371 66.1 6,117,189 62.3 704,818 13.0
  Black or African American 2,393,425 29.2 3,126,838 31.9 733,413 30.6
  American Indian and Alaska Native 53,197 0.6 72,382 0.7 19,185 36.1
  Asian 199,812 2.4 376,258 3.8 176,446 88.3
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 9,689 0.1 12,052 0.1 2,363 24.4
  Some other race 241,298 2.9 316,898 3.2 75,600 31.3
Hispanic 435,227 5.3 880,067 9.0 444,840 102.2

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 3,006,369 (2000) to 3,494,542 (2011) -- a change of 488,173 ( 16.24%). The number of families increased from 2,111,647 (2000) to 2,376,008 (2011) -- a change of 264,361 ( 12.52%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 3,006,369 100.0 3,494,542 100.0 488,173 16.2
  Family households (families) 2,111,647 70.2 2,376,008 68.0 264,361 12.5
    Married-couple family 1,548,800 51.5 1,667,698 47.7 118,898 7.7
  Nonfamily households 894,722 29.8 1,118,534 32.0 223,812 25.0
    Householder living alone 710,523 23.6 929,969 26.6 219,446 30.9
      Householder 65 years and over 210,409 7.0 275,805 7.9 65,396 31.1

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 1,486,006 (2000) to 1,849,141 (2011) -- a change of 363,135 ( 24.44%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 5,185,965 100.0 6,308,961 100.0 1,122,996 21.7
  Less than 9th grade 393,197 7.6 368,948 5.8 -24,249 -6.2
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 718,152 13.8 620,384 9.8 -97,768 -13.6
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 1,486,006 28.7 1,849,141 29.3 363,135 24.4
  Some college, no degree 1,058,692 20.4 1,311,569 20.8 252,877 23.9
  Associate's degree 269,740 5.2 419,954 6.7 150,214 55.7
  Bachelor's degree 829,873 16.0 1,119,648 17.7 289,775 34.9
  Graduate or professional degree 430,305 8.3 619,317 9.8 189,012 43.9
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 78.6... 84.3 5.7 7.3
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 24.3... 27.6 3.3 13.6

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 2,211,688 (2000) to 2,782,980 (2011) -- a change of 571,292 ( 25.83%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 2,211,688 100.0 2,782,980 100.0 571,292 25.8
  Nursery school, preschool 176,842 8.0 177,581 6.4 739 0.4
  Kindergarten 126,641 5.7 153,712 5.5 27,071 21.4
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 1,003,495 45.4 1,125,570 40.4 122,075 12.2
  High school (grades 9-12) 468,155 21.2 559,081 20.1 90,926 19.4
  College or graduate school 436,555 19.7 767,036 27.6 330,481 75.7

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 374,251 (2000) to 520,520 (2011) -- a change of 146,269 ( 39.08%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 7,594,476 100.0 9,141,183 100.0 1,546,707 20.4
  English only 6,843,038 90.1 7,926,400 86.7 1,083,362 15.8
  Language other than English 751,438 9.9 1,214,783 13.3 463,345 61.7
    Speak English less than "very well" 374,251 4.9 520,520 5.7 146,269 39.1
  Spanish 426,115 5.6 715,127 7.8 289,012 67.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 246,269 3.2 342,319 3.7 96,050 39.0
  Other Indo-European languages 168,629 2.2 219,075 2.4 50,446 29.9
    Speak English less than "very well" 52,754 0.7 58,922 0.6 6,168 11.7
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 116,456 1.5 205,374 2.2 88,918 76.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 63,320 0.8 102,314 1.1 38,994 61.6

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 3,839,756 (2000) to 4,193,776 (2011) -- a change of 354,020 ( 9.22%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 6,250,687 100.0 7,601,219 100.0 1,350,532 21.6
  In labor force 4,129,666 66.1 4,821,832 63.4 692,166 16.8
    Civilian labor force 4,062,808 65.0 4,774,331 62.8 711,523 17.5
      Employed 3,839,756 61.4 4,193,776 55.2 354,020 9.2
      Unemployed 223,052 3.6 580,555 7.6 357,503 160.3
      Percent of civilian labor force... 5.5... 12.2 6.7 121.8
    Armed Forces 66,858 1.1 47,501 0.6 -19,357 -29.0
  Not in labor force 2,121,021 33.9 2,779,387 36.6 658,366 31.0

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 3,839,756 100.0 4,193,776 100.0 354,020 9.2
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 53,201 1.4 49,659 1.2 -3,542 -6.7
  Construction 304,710 7.9 266,263 6.3 -38,447 -12.6
  Manufacturing 568,830 14.8 444,593 10.6 -124,237 -21.8
  Wholesale trade 148,026 3.9 128,407 3.1 -19,619 -13.3
  Retail trade 459,548 12.0 509,687 12.2 50,139 10.9
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 231,304 6.0 249,320 5.9 18,016 7.8
  Information 135,496 3.5 102,504 2.4 -32,992 -24.3
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 251,240 6.5 252,512 6.0 1,272 0.5
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 362,414 9.4 490,248 11.7 127,834 35.3
  Educational, health and social services 675,593 17.6 875,414 20.9 199,821 29.6
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 274,437 7.1 382,541 9.1 108,104 39.4
  Other services (except public administration) 181,829 4.7 216,484 5.2 34,655 19.1
  Public administration 193,128 5.0 226,144 5.4 33,016 17.1

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 4,757,140 (May 2012) to 4,793,540 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 36,400 ( 0.8%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force4,757,1404,757,4014,761,5634,759,8514,776,1024,793,540
  Employed4,332,5494,327,8684,323,4344,321,1644,347,6874,374,856
  Unemployed424,591429,533438,129438,687428,415418,684
  Unemployment rate 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.2 9.0 8.7

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 27.7 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 3,832,803). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 27.1 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 4,154,468).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 50.81% ( 3,858,823) of the population 5 years and over ( 7,594,476) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 16.54% ( 1,604,452) of the population 1 year and over ( 9,699,859) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $42,433 (2000) to $46,007 (2011) -- a change of $3,574 ( 8.42%). The per capita income increased from $21,154 (2000) to $23,604 (2011) -- a change of $2,450 ( 11.58%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $47,659 (2010) to $46,007 (2011) -- a change of ($1,652) ( -3.47%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.468 (2010) to 0.477 (2011) -- a change of 0.009 ( 1.923%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 3,007,678 100.0 3,494,542 100.0 486,864 16.2
  Less than $10,000 304,816 10.1 335,789 9.6 30,973 10.2
  $10,000 to $14,999 176,059 5.9 216,455 6.2 40,396 22.9
  $15,000 to $24,999 369,279 12.3 421,866 12.1 52,587 14.2
  $25,000 to $34,999 378,689 12.6 383,602 11.0 4,913 1.3
  $35,000 to $49,999 502,961 16.7 506,661 14.5 3,700 0.7
  $50,000 to $74,999 593,203 19.7 634,594 18.2 41,391 7.0
  $75,000 to $99,999 311,651 10.4 374,424 10.7 62,773 20.1
  $100,000 to $149,999 234,093 7.8 375,228 10.7 141,135 60.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 66,084 2.2 129,279 3.7 63,195 95.6
  $200,000 or more 70,843 2.4 116,644 3.3 45,801 64.7
  Median household income (dollars) 42,433... 46,007... 3,574 8.4
  Median family income (dollars) 49,280... 55,001... 5,721 11.6
  Per capita income (dollars) 21,154... 23,604... 2,450 11.6

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $352,591M (2011Q2) to $364,588M (2012Q2) -- a change of $11,997M ( 3.4%). Per capita personal income increased from $36,302 (2011Q2) to $37,145 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,615 ( 4.4%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 350,900352,591354,395354,683361,565364,588
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 348,887350,641352,474352,766359,355362,718
  Farm income 10.2/ 2,0131,9501,9211,9172,2101,869
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 264,171264,329265,588264,959271,473273,041
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 24,90324,78124,77724,61625,30025,434
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 11,60711,55111,53411,47511,70411,769
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 13,29613,23013,24313,14113,59613,665
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -1,342-1,309-1,330-1,300-1,343-1,339
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 237,925238,238239,481239,043244,831246,268
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 50,41551,44151,82852,27552,94354,099
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 62,56062,91263,08663,36563,79164,221
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 188,681188,492189,344188,660193,639195,048
Supplements to wages and salaries 46,72346,80047,18347,14047,91648,131
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 33,42733,57033,93934,00034,32034,466
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 13,29613,23013,24313,14113,59613,665
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 28,76629,03729,06129,15829,91829,862
  Farm proprietors' income 1,6961,6301,6001,5961,8091,518
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 27,07027,40727,46127,56328,10928,344
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 36,12836,30236,48836,51836,83737,145

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 9.88 (2000) to 14.70 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 12.99 (2000) to 19.10 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 9,619,740) with health insurance was 7,736,982. Of those with health insurance, 5,933,982 had private health insurance and 2,668,193 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 19.68% ( 1,456,812) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 7,402,293) had a disability. In 2011, 12.08% ( 1,161,966) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 9,619,740) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 3,281,737 (2000) to 4,103,118 (2011) -- a change of 821,381 ( 25.03%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 3,281,737 100.0 4,103,118 100.0 821,381 25.0
  Occupied housing units 3,006,369 91.6 3,494,542 85.2 488,173 16.2
    Owner-occupied housing units 2,029,154 61.8 2,256,703 55.0 227,549 11.2
    Renter-occupied housing units 977,215 29.8 1,237,839 30.2 260,624 26.7
  Vacant housing units 275,368 8.4 608,576 14.8 333,208 121.0

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $111,200 (2000) to $147,100 (2011) -- a change of $35,900 ( 32.28%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 2,029,154 100.0 2,256,703 100.0 227,549 11.2
  Less than $50,000 151,952 7.5 239,693 10.6 87,741 57.7
  $50,000 to $99,999 545,851 26.9 446,572 19.8 -99,279 -18.2
  $100,000 to $149,999 411,817 20.3 466,905 20.7 55,088 13.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 211,796 10.4 388,056 17.2 176,260 83.2
  $200,000 to $299,999 163,422 8.1 375,166 16.6 211,744 129.6
  $300,000 to $499,999 81,487 4.0 236,614 10.5 155,127 190.4
  $500,000 to $999,999 25,025 1.2 84,674 3.8 59,649 238.4
  $1,000,000 or more 5,058 0.2 19,023 0.8 13,965 276.1
Median value (dollars) 111,200... 147,100... 35,900 32.3

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $613 (2000) to $833 (2011) -- a change of $220 ( 35.89%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,039 (2000) to $1,371 (2011) -- a change of $332 ( 31.95%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 1,201,569 100.0 1,565,587 100.0 364,018 30.3
  Less than $300 9,945 0.8 2,652 0.2 -7,293 -73.3
  $300 to $499 62,752 5.2 26,367 1.7 -36,385 -58.0
  $500 to $699 151,935 12.6 81,761 5.2 -70,174 -46.2
  $700 to $999 340,221 28.3 268,659 17.2 -71,562 -21.0
  $1,000 to $1,499 382,584 31.8 531,572 34.0 148,988 38.9
  $1,500 to $1,999 148,180 12.3 328,393 21.0 180,213 121.6
  $2,000 or more 105,952 8.8 326,183 20.8 220,231 207.9
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,039... 1,371... 332 32.0
Housing units without a mortgage 394,839 32.9 691,116 100.0 296,277 75.0
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 259... 389... 130 50.2


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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