Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Iowa

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Iowa total population increased from 2,926,324 (2000) to 3,062,309 (2011) -- a change of 135,985 ( 4.65%). The median age increased from 36.6 (2000) to 38.1 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 545,225 (2000) to 525,654 (2011) -- a change of -19,571 ( -3.59%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 2,926,324 100.0 3,062,309 100.0 135,985 4.6
  Male 1,435,515 49.1 1,512,251 49.4 76,736 5.3
  Female 1,490,809 50.9 1,550,058 50.6 59,249 4.0
  Under 5 years 188,413 6.4 198,202 6.5 9,789 5.2
  5 to 9 years 202,603 6.9 200,400 6.5 -2,203 -1.1
  10 to 14 years 210,547 7.2 202,033 6.6 -8,514 -4.0
  15 to 19 years 226,420 7.7 217,583 7.1 -8,837 -3.9
  20 to 24 years 203,663 7.0 216,890 7.1 13,227 6.5
  25 to 34 years 363,060 12.4 386,830 12.6 23,770 6.5
  35 to 44 years 445,199 15.2 361,560 11.8 -83,639 -18.8
  45 to 54 years 392,794 13.4 430,536 14.1 37,742 9.6
  55 to 59 years 139,052 4.8 204,194 6.7 65,142 46.8
  60 to 64 years 118,360 4.0 185,891 6.1 67,531 57.1
  65 to 74 years 211,935 7.2 228,334 7.5 16,399 7.7
  75 to 84 years 159,160 5.4 153,148 5.0 -6,012 -3.8
  85 years and over 65,118 2.2 76,708 2.5 11,590 17.8
  Median age 36.6... 38.1... 1.5 4.1

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4103,4013.498,7223.2
  5- 9102,6693.497,9773.2
  10-14103,3273.497,5773.2
  15-19111,2393.7105,5983.5
  20-24109,4673.6103,8833.4
  25-29101,5093.396,3343.2
  30-3494,0273.190,7133.0
  35-3989,5742.987,5742.9
  40-4494,8103.192,5903.0
  45-49107,8763.5108,6063.6
  50-54111,5843.7111,6603.7
  55-59102,3093.4102,0843.4
  60-6483,2502.785,1072.8
  65-6959,6422.064,7232.1
  70-7446,1401.554,1511.8
  75-7936,1121.247,2751.6
  80-8428,0320.942,1551.4
  85+ 23,3510.851,3071.7

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 36,635 (2000) to 56,040 (2011) -- a change of 19,405 ( 52.97%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 2,196 (2000) to 3,180 (2011) -- a change of 984 ( 44.81%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 2,926,324 100.0 3,062,309 100.0 135,985 4.6
One Race 2,894,546 98.9 3,001,421 98.0 106,875 3.7
  White 2,748,640 93.9 2,800,812 91.5 52,172 1.9
  Black or African American 61,853 2.1 88,258 2.9 26,405 42.7
  American Indian and Alaska Native 8,989 0.3 12,009 0.4 3,020 33.6
  Asian 36,635 1.3 56,040 1.8 19,405 53.0
    Asian Indian 5,641 0.2 12,679 0.4 7,038 124.8
    Chinese 6,161 0.2 10,498 0.3 4,337 70.4
    Filipino 2,272 0.1 2,859 0.1 587 25.8
    Japanese 1,474 0.1 1,045 0.0 -429 -29.1
    Korean 5,063 0.2 7,209 0.2 2,146 42.4
    Vietnamese 7,129 0.2 7,745 0.3 616 8.6
    Other Asian 8,895 0.3 14,005 0.5 5,110 57.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,009 0.0 1,010 0.0 1 0.1
    Native Hawaiian 270 0.0 -1 0.0 -271 -100.4
    Guamanian or Chamorro 170 0.0 -1 0.0 -171 -100.6
    Samoan 150 0.0 -1 0.0 -151 -100.7
    Other Pacific Islander 419 0.0 -1 0.0 -420 -100.2
  Some other race 37,420 1.3 43,292 1.4 5,872 15.7
Two or more races 31,778 1.1 60,888 2.0 29,110 91.6
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 2,777,183 94.9 2,857,920 93.3 80,737 2.9
  Black or African American 72,512 2.5 115,008 3.8 42,496 58.6
  American Indian and Alaska Native 18,246 0.6 35,061 1.1 16,815 92.2
  Asian 43,119 1.5 66,595 2.2 23,476 54.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 2,196 0.1 3,180 0.1 984 44.8
  Some other race 46,858 1.6 50,241 1.6 3,383 7.2
Hispanic 82,473 2.8 153,241 5.0 70,768 85.8

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 1,149,276 (2000) to 1,216,765 (2011) -- a change of 67,489 ( 5.87%). The number of families increased from 769,684 (2000) to 784,895 (2011) -- a change of 15,211 ( 1.98%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 1,149,276 100.0 1,216,765 100.0 67,489 5.9
  Family households (families) 769,684 67.0 784,895 64.5 15,211 2.0
    Married-couple family 633,254 55.1 625,231 51.4 -8,023 -1.3
  Nonfamily households 379,592 33.0 431,870 35.5 52,278 13.8
    Householder living alone 313,083 27.2 358,391 29.5 45,308 14.5
      Householder 65 years and over 130,739 11.4 135,926 11.2 5,187 4.0

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates decreased from 683,942 (2000) to 670,103 (2011) -- a change of -13,839 ( -2.02%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 1,895,856 100.0 2,027,201 100.0 131,345 6.9
  Less than 9th grade 105,424 5.6 75,177 3.7 -30,247 -28.7
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 158,012 8.3 114,912 5.7 -43,100 -27.3
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 683,942 36.1 670,103 33.1 -13,839 -2.0
  Some college, no degree 405,748 21.4 432,011 21.3 26,263 6.5
  Associate's degree 140,640 7.4 211,899 10.5 71,259 50.7
  Bachelor's degree 278,350 14.7 358,051 17.7 79,701 28.6
  Graduate or professional degree 123,740 6.5 165,048 8.1 41,308 33.4
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 86.1... 90.6 4.5 5.2
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 21.2... 25.8 4.6 21.7

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 792,057 (2000) to 809,863 (2011) -- a change of 17,806 ( 2.25%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 792,057 100.0 809,863 100.0 17,806 2.2
  Nursery school, preschool 52,114 6.6 55,477 6.9 3,363 6.5
  Kindergarten 40,105 5.1 41,290 5.1 1,185 3.0
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 336,676 42.5 314,946 38.9 -21,730 -6.5
  High school (grades 9-12) 175,856 22.2 165,367 20.4 -10,489 -6.0
  College or graduate school 187,306 23.6 232,783 28.7 45,477 24.3

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 68,108 (2000) to 85,076 (2011) -- a change of 16,968 ( 24.91%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 2,738,499 100.0 2,864,107 100.0 125,608 4.6
  English only 2,578,477 94.2 2,656,041 92.7 77,564 3.0
  Language other than English 160,022 5.8 208,066 7.3 48,044 30.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 68,108 2.5 85,076 3.0 16,968 24.9
  Spanish 79,491 2.9 113,951 4.0 34,460 43.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 36,606 1.3 50,138 1.8 13,532 37.0
  Other Indo-European languages 49,032 1.8 49,745 1.7 713 1.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 15,651 0.6 14,307 0.5 -1,344 -8.6
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 25,335 0.9 31,620 1.1 6,285 24.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 13,606 0.5 16,821 0.6 3,215 23.6

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 1,489,816 (2000) to 1,538,756 (2011) -- a change of 48,940 ( 3.28%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 2,281,274 100.0 2,421,011 100.0 139,737 6.1
  In labor force 1,556,581 68.2 1,638,966 67.7 82,385 5.3
    Civilian labor force 1,554,722 68.2 1,637,404 67.6 82,682 5.3
      Employed 1,489,816 65.3 1,538,756 63.6 48,940 3.3
      Unemployed 64,906 2.8 98,648 4.1 33,742 52.0
      Percent of civilian labor force... 4.2... 6.0 1.8 42.9
    Armed Forces 1,859 0.1 1,562 0.1 -297 -16.0
  Not in labor force 724,693 31.8 782,045 32.3 57,352 7.9

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 1,489,816 100.0 1,538,756 100.0 48,940 3.3
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 65,903 4.4 60,628 3.9 -5,275 -8.0
  Construction 91,824 6.2 93,699 6.1 1,875 2.0
  Manufacturing 253,444 17.0 219,839 14.3 -33,605 -13.3
  Wholesale trade 53,267 3.6 44,032 2.9 -9,235 -17.3
  Retail trade 179,381 12.0 184,631 12.0 5,250 2.9
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 73,170 4.9 68,785 4.5 -4,385 -6.0
  Information 41,970 2.8 27,363 1.8 -14,607 -34.8
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 100,395 6.7 112,518 7.3 12,123 12.1
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 90,157 6.1 112,843 7.3 22,686 25.2
  Educational, health and social services 324,142 21.8 370,519 24.1 46,377 14.3
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 98,819 6.6 121,451 7.9 22,632 22.9
  Other services (except public administration) 66,286 4.4 71,214 4.6 4,928 7.4
  Public administration 51,058 3.4 51,234 3.3 176 0.3

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 1,662,957 (May 2012) to 1,639,672 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -23,285 ( -1.4%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force1,662,9571,658,6301,651,3381,642,3401,637,6891,639,672
  Employed1,578,0061,573,3131,563,4481,552,5981,552,1441,555,836
  Unemployed84,95185,31787,89089,74285,54583,836
  Unemployment rate 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.2 5.1

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 18.5 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,469,763). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 18.8 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,513,058).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 43.09% ( 1,180,044) of the population 5 years and over ( 2,738,499) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 15.01% ( 454,405) of the population 1 year and over ( 3,027,718) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $39,469 (2000) to $49,427 (2011) -- a change of $9,958 ( 25.23%). The per capita income increased from $19,674 (2000) to $25,667 (2011) -- a change of $5,993 ( 30.46%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income increased from $49,401 (2010) to $49,427 (2011) -- a change of $26 ( 0.05%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.427 (2010) to 0.434 (2011) -- a change of 0.007 ( 1.639%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 1,150,197 100.0 1,216,765 100.0 66,568 5.8
  Less than $10,000 93,783 8.2 81,346 6.7 -12,437 -13.3
  $10,000 to $14,999 77,333 6.7 72,377 5.9 -4,956 -6.4
  $15,000 to $24,999 165,122 14.4 135,643 11.1 -29,479 -17.9
  $25,000 to $34,999 168,713 14.7 141,203 11.6 -27,510 -16.3
  $35,000 to $49,999 218,204 19.0 183,562 15.1 -34,642 -15.9
  $50,000 to $74,999 242,022 21.0 246,860 20.3 4,838 2.0
  $75,000 to $99,999 101,287 8.8 154,402 12.7 53,115 52.4
  $100,000 to $149,999 55,998 4.9 132,716 10.9 76,718 137.0
  $150,000 to $199,999 12,879 1.1 38,640 3.2 25,761 200.0
  $200,000 or more 14,856 1.3 30,016 2.5 15,160 102.0
  Median household income (dollars) 39,469... 49,427... 9,958 25.2
  Median family income (dollars) 48,005... 62,821... 14,816 30.9
  Per capita income (dollars) 19,674... 25,667... 5,993 30.5

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $125,630M (2011Q2) to $130,050M (2012Q2) -- a change of $4,420M ( 3.5%). Per capita personal income increased from $41,192 (2011Q2) to $42,468 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,616 ( 3.9%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 124,745125,630126,421127,333128,769130,050
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 115,263116,463117,185117,945119,541120,842
  Farm income 10.2/ 9,4829,1679,2369,3889,2279,208
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 92,16392,68993,37594,10395,00895,816
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 9,2079,3049,3629,4289,5679,633
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 4,2464,2994,3304,3684,4044,435
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 4,9605,0045,0335,0605,1635,198
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 1,3351,3271,3091,2961,3481,354
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 84,29184,71385,32185,97186,78987,537
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 18,39818,76918,90319,06019,29519,693
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 22,05622,14822,19722,30222,68422,820
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 58,96959,57260,01360,38961,28261,814
Supplements to wages and salaries 14,97015,13215,26415,38815,48315,610
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 10,00910,12710,23210,32810,32010,412
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 4,9605,0045,0335,0605,1635,198
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 18,22517,98518,09718,32518,24318,392
  Farm proprietors' income 8,8748,5588,6268,7788,5208,589
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 9,3519,4279,4729,5489,7239,803
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 40,90241,19241,45141,75042,05042,468

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 6.02 (2000) to 8.10 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 9.13 (2000) to 12.80 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 3,017,465) with health insurance was 2,747,975. Of those with health insurance, 2,278,058 had private health insurance and 896,800 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 16.62% ( 446,665) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 2,686,760) had a disability. In 2011, 11.36% ( 342,642) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 3,017,465) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 1,232,511 (2000) to 1,340,588 (2011) -- a change of 108,077 ( 8.77%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 1,232,511 100.0 1,340,588 100.0 108,077 8.8
  Occupied housing units 1,149,276 93.2 1,216,765 90.8 67,489 5.9
    Owner-occupied housing units 831,419 67.5 880,368 65.7 48,949 5.9
    Renter-occupied housing units 317,857 25.8 336,397 25.1 18,540 5.8
  Vacant housing units 83,235 6.8 123,823 9.2 40,588 48.8

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $82,500 (2000) to $123,400 (2011) -- a change of $40,900 ( 49.58%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 831,419 100.0 880,368 100.0 48,949 5.9
  Less than $50,000 135,833 16.3 101,321 11.5 -34,512 -25.4
  $50,000 to $99,999 301,591 36.3 225,583 25.6 -76,008 -25.2
  $100,000 to $149,999 134,212 16.1 212,034 24.1 77,822 58.0
  $150,000 to $199,999 53,228 6.4 145,653 16.5 92,425 173.6
  $200,000 to $299,999 29,483 3.5 126,054 14.3 96,571 327.5
  $300,000 to $499,999 8,938 1.1 52,369 5.9 43,431 485.9
  $500,000 to $999,999 1,743 0.2 13,343 1.5 11,600 665.5
  $1,000,000 or more 414 0.0 4,011 0.5 3,597 868.8
Median value (dollars) 82,500... 123,400... 40,900 49.6

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $470 (2000) to $643 (2011) -- a change of $173 ( 36.81%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $829 (2000) to $1,144 (2011) -- a change of $315 ( 38.00%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 417,849 100.0 547,912 100.0 130,063 31.1
  Less than $300 4,155 1.0 1,288 0.2 -2,867 -69.0
  $300 to $499 47,967 11.5 16,111 2.9 -31,856 -66.4
  $500 to $699 95,068 22.8 54,456 9.9 -40,612 -42.7
  $700 to $999 129,665 31.0 135,617 24.8 5,952 4.6
  $1,000 to $1,499 98,007 23.5 197,117 36.0 99,110 101.1
  $1,500 to $1,999 28,357 6.8 87,204 15.9 58,847 207.5
  $2,000 or more 14,630 3.5 56,119 10.2 41,489 283.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 829... 1,144... 315 38.0
Housing units without a mortgage 247,593 59.3 332,456 100.0 84,863 34.3
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 268... 405... 137 51.1


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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