Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Kentucky

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Kentucky total population increased from 4,041,769 (2000) to 4,369,356 (2011) -- a change of 327,587 ( 8.11%). The median age increased from 35.9 (2000) to 38.2 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 728,917 (2000) to 745,901 (2011) -- a change of 16,984 ( 2.33%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 4,041,769 100.0 4,369,356 100.0 327,587 8.1
  Male 1,975,368 48.9 2,143,745 49.1 168,377 8.5
  Female 2,066,401 51.1 2,225,611 50.9 159,210 7.7
  Under 5 years 265,901 6.6 279,098 6.4 13,197 5.0
  5 to 9 years 279,258 6.9 289,206 6.6 9,948 3.6
  10 to 14 years 279,481 6.9 282,810 6.5 3,329 1.2
  15 to 19 years 289,004 7.2 298,803 6.8 9,799 3.4
  20 to 24 years 283,032 7.0 297,089 6.8 14,057 5.0
  25 to 34 years 568,108 14.1 564,651 12.9 -3,457 -0.6
  35 to 44 years 642,665 15.9 568,172 13.0 -74,493 -11.6
  45 to 54 years 556,932 13.8 637,563 14.6 80,631 14.5
  55 to 59 years 204,483 5.1 290,195 6.6 85,712 41.9
  60 to 64 years 168,112 4.2 267,808 6.1 99,696 59.3
  65 to 74 years 273,943 6.8 335,906 7.7 61,963 22.6
  75 to 84 years 172,589 4.3 184,945 4.2 12,356 7.2
  85 years and over 58,261 1.4 73,110 1.7 14,849 25.5
  Median age 35.9... 38.2... 2.3 6.4

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4144,1793.3138,1883.2
  5- 9144,8593.3138,0293.2
  10-14145,8133.4138,3413.2
  15-19152,1073.5144,6883.3
  20-24147,4323.4142,5363.3
  25-29143,7073.3141,5893.3
  30-34142,0683.3138,8523.2
  35-39143,7583.3141,6533.3
  40-44145,7233.4145,5283.4
  45-49159,8663.7163,7763.8
  50-54156,6193.6162,8363.8
  55-59139,8003.2148,2273.4
  60-64121,2252.8129,7413.0
  65-6987,6892.097,9752.3
  70-7463,8881.575,7621.7
  75-7945,0871.060,3051.4
  80-8430,1120.748,2011.1
  85+ 21,0200.548,1881.1

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 29,744 (2000) to 50,424 (2011) -- a change of 20,680 ( 69.53%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 3,162 (2000) to 2,602 (2011) -- a change of -560 ( -17.71%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 4,041,769 100.0 4,369,356 100.0 327,587 8.1
One Race 3,999,326 98.9 4,289,109 98.2 289,783 7.2
  White 3,640,889 90.1 3,837,605 87.8 196,716 5.4
  Black or African American 295,994 7.3 348,778 8.0 52,784 17.8
  American Indian and Alaska Native 8,616 0.2 9,662 0.2 1,046 12.1
  Asian 29,744 0.7 50,424 1.2 20,680 69.5
    Asian Indian 6,771 0.2 11,642 0.3 4,871 71.9
    Chinese 5,397 0.1 9,747 0.2 4,350 80.6
    Filipino 3,106 0.1 3,765 0.1 659 21.2
    Japanese 3,683 0.1 4,481 0.1 798 21.7
    Korean 3,818 0.1 4,443 0.1 625 16.4
    Vietnamese 3,596 0.1 5,718 0.1 2,122 59.0
    Other Asian 3,373 0.1 10,628 0.2 7,255 215.1
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,460 0.0 729 0.0 -731 -50.1
    Native Hawaiian 338 0.0 -1 0.0 -339 -100.3
    Guamanian or Chamorro 403 0.0 -1 0.0 -404 -100.2
    Samoan 327 0.0 -1 0.0 -328 -100.3
    Other Pacific Islander 392 0.0 -1 0.0 -393 -100.3
  Some other race 22,623 0.6 41,911 1.0 19,288 85.3
Two or more races 42,443 1.1 80,247 1.8 37,804 89.1
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 3,678,740 91.0 3,911,017 89.5 232,277 6.3
  Black or African American 311,878 7.7 396,429 9.1 84,551 27.1
  American Indian and Alaska Native 24,552 0.6 31,992 0.7 7,440 30.3
  Asian 37,062 0.9 63,757 1.5 26,695 72.0
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,162 0.1 2,602 0.1 -560 -17.7
  Some other race 31,805 0.8 49,393 1.1 17,588 55.3
Hispanic 59,939 1.5 131,508 3.0 71,569 119.4

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 1,590,647 (2000) to 1,672,134 (2011) -- a change of 81,487 ( 5.12%). The number of families increased from 1,104,398 (2000) to 1,119,880 (2011) -- a change of 15,482 ( 1.40%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 1,590,647 100.0 1,672,134 100.0 81,487 5.1
  Family households (families) 1,104,398 69.4 1,119,880 67.0 15,482 1.4
    Married-couple family 857,944 53.9 827,519 49.5 -30,425 -3.5
  Nonfamily households 486,249 30.6 552,254 33.0 66,005 13.6
    Householder living alone 414,095 26.0 471,518 28.2 57,423 13.9
      Householder 65 years and over 155,914 9.8 171,144 10.2 15,230 9.8

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 888,277 (2000) to 996,929 (2011) -- a change of 108,652 ( 12.23%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 2,646,397 100.0 2,922,350 100.0 275,953 10.4
  Less than 9th grade 309,293 11.7 203,871 7.0 -105,422 -34.1
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 375,707 14.2 291,143 10.0 -84,564 -22.5
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 888,277 33.6 996,929 34.1 108,652 12.2
  Some college, no degree 490,170 18.5 610,797 20.9 120,627 24.6
  Associate's degree 129,481 4.9 203,585 7.0 74,104 57.2
  Bachelor's degree 271,418 10.3 359,975 12.3 88,557 32.6
  Graduate or professional degree 182,051 6.9 256,050 8.8 73,999 40.6
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 74.1... 83.1 9.0 12.1
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 17.1... 21.1 4.0 23.4

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 1,007,452 (2000) to 1,127,708 (2011) -- a change of 120,256 ( 11.94%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,007,452 100.0 1,127,708 100.0 120,256 11.9
  Nursery school, preschool 62,338 6.2 62,994 5.6 656 1.1
  Kindergarten 55,163 5.5 61,975 5.5 6,812 12.3
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 458,749 45.5 456,465 40.5 -2,284 -0.5
  High school (grades 9-12) 224,835 22.3 236,895 21.0 12,060 5.4
  College or graduate school 206,367 20.5 309,379 27.4 103,012 49.9

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 58,871 (2000) to 82,636 (2011) -- a change of 23,765 ( 40.37%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 3,776,230 100.0 4,090,258 100.0 314,028 8.3
  English only 3,627,757 96.1 3,893,127 95.2 265,370 7.3
  Language other than English 148,473 3.9 197,131 4.8 48,658 32.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 58,871 1.6 82,636 2.0 23,765 40.4
  Spanish 70,061 1.9 98,243 2.4 28,182 40.2
    Speak English less than "very well" 30,842 0.8 45,291 1.1 14,449 46.8
  Other Indo-European languages 51,025 1.4 52,587 1.3 1,562 3.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 15,307 0.4 15,526 0.4 219 1.4
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 21,031 0.6 29,764 0.7 8,733 41.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 10,794 0.3 15,187 0.4 4,393 40.7

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 1,798,264 (2000) to 1,838,401 (2011) -- a change of 40,137 ( 2.23%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 3,161,542 100.0 3,456,598 100.0 295,056 9.3
  In labor force 1,926,731 60.9 2,066,152 59.8 139,421 7.2
    Civilian labor force 1,907,614 60.3 2,052,108 59.4 144,494 7.6
      Employed 1,798,264 56.9 1,838,401 53.2 40,137 2.2
      Unemployed 109,350 3.5 213,707 6.2 104,357 95.4
      Percent of civilian labor force... 5.7... 10.4 4.7 82.5
    Armed Forces 19,117 0.6 14,044 0.4 -5,073 -26.5
  Not in labor force 1,234,811 39.1 1,390,446 40.2 155,635 12.6

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 1,798,264 100.0 1,838,401 100.0 40,137 2.2
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 59,729 3.3 50,389 2.7 -9,340 -15.6
  Construction 129,618 7.2 104,467 5.7 -25,151 -19.4
  Manufacturing 315,774 17.6 246,146 13.4 -69,628 -22.0
  Wholesale trade 60,854 3.4 47,607 2.6 -13,247 -21.8
  Retail trade 217,164 12.1 213,898 11.6 -3,266 -1.5
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 108,738 6.0 114,876 6.2 6,138 5.6
  Information 39,303 2.2 26,811 1.5 -12,492 -31.8
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 97,350 5.4 100,565 5.5 3,215 3.3
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 111,878 6.2 142,468 7.7 30,590 27.3
  Educational, health and social services 365,605 20.3 459,259 25.0 93,654 25.6
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 129,973 7.2 157,446 8.6 27,473 21.1
  Other services (except public administration) 85,150 4.7 87,708 4.8 2,558 3.0
  Public administration 77,128 4.3 86,761 4.7 9,633 12.5

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 2,065,902 (May 2012) to 2,084,019 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 18,117 ( 0.9%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force2,065,9022,068,5262,066,4302,068,8012,073,4802,084,019
  Employed1,895,7711,899,7241,895,5921,893,7411,898,8601,909,170
  Unemployed170,131168,802170,838175,060174,620174,849
  Unemployment rate 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.5 8.4 8.4

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 23.5 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,781,733). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 22.9 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,811,467).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 44.07% ( 1,664,095) of the population 5 years and over ( 3,776,230) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 14.60% ( 630,065) of the population 1 year and over ( 4,316,297) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $33,672 (2000) to $41,141 (2011) -- a change of $7,469 ( 22.18%). The per capita income increased from $18,093 (2000) to $22,300 (2011) -- a change of $4,207 ( 23.25%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income increased from $40,948 (2010) to $41,141 (2011) -- a change of $193 ( 0.47%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.466 (2010) to 0.471 (2011) -- a change of 0.005 ( 1.073%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 1,591,739 100.0 1,672,134 100.0 80,395 5.1
  Less than $10,000 220,692 13.9 180,812 10.8 -39,880 -18.1
  $10,000 to $14,999 133,977 8.4 126,759 7.6 -7,218 -5.4
  $15,000 to $24,999 245,034 15.4 224,665 13.4 -20,369 -8.3
  $25,000 to $34,999 219,944 13.8 195,103 11.7 -24,841 -11.3
  $35,000 to $49,999 261,684 16.4 251,150 15.0 -10,534 -4.0
  $50,000 to $74,999 274,530 17.2 290,901 17.4 16,371 6.0
  $75,000 to $99,999 122,008 7.7 171,277 10.2 49,269 40.4
  $100,000 to $149,999 73,228 4.6 153,890 9.2 80,662 110.2
  $150,000 to $199,999 18,757 1.2 40,266 2.4 21,509 114.7
  $200,000 or more 21,885 1.4 37,311 2.2 15,426 70.5
  Median household income (dollars) 33,672... 41,141... 7,469 22.2
  Median family income (dollars) 40,939... 51,917... 10,978 26.8
  Per capita income (dollars) 18,093... 22,300... 4,207 23.3

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $148,305M (2011Q2) to $154,167M (2012Q2) -- a change of $5,862M ( 4.0%). Per capita personal income increased from $34,122 (2011Q2) to $35,284 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,529 ( 4.5%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 147,130148,305149,025149,579152,728154,167
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 146,037147,251148,000148,585151,053152,517
  Farm income 10.2/ 1,0931,0541,0259941,6751,650
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 105,854106,700107,324107,565110,335111,173
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 10,96611,00911,03911,04811,29511,366
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 5,0765,1265,1595,1875,2625,296
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 5,8905,8835,8805,8616,0336,070
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -2,969-3,055-3,046-2,973-3,050-3,052
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 91,91992,63693,24093,54595,99096,755
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 19,57719,96320,07020,20920,45720,893
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 35,63535,70635,71535,82536,28136,519
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 74,47175,00975,47575,68777,26977,894
Supplements to wages and salaries 20,87121,08721,24821,25621,56621,704
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 14,98115,20415,36815,39515,53315,634
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 5,8905,8835,8805,8616,0336,070
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 10,51210,60510,60110,62311,50111,575
  Farm proprietors' income 8287877577261,3361,353
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 9,6849,8189,8449,89710,16510,221
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 33,85234,12234,28834,41634,95435,284

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 12.65 (2000) to 14.70 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 15.82 (2000) to 19.10 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 4,284,357) with health insurance was 3,665,899. Of those with health insurance, 2,744,933 had private health insurance and 1,431,011 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 23.66% ( 874,156) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 3,695,005) had a disability. In 2011, 16.81% ( 720,354) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 4,284,357) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 1,750,927 (2000) to 1,932,731 (2011) -- a change of 181,804 ( 10.38%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 1,750,927 100.0 1,932,731 100.0 181,804 10.4
  Occupied housing units 1,590,647 90.8 1,672,134 86.5 81,487 5.1
    Owner-occupied housing units 1,125,397 64.3 1,151,479 59.6 26,082 2.3
    Renter-occupied housing units 465,250 26.6 520,655 26.9 55,405 11.9
  Vacant housing units 160,280 9.2 260,597 13.5 100,317 62.6

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $86,700 (2000) to $120,600 (2011) -- a change of $33,900 ( 39.10%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 1,125,397 100.0 1,151,479 100.0 26,082 2.3
  Less than $50,000 146,424 13.0 176,443 15.3 30,019 20.5
  $50,000 to $99,999 351,734 31.3 282,927 24.6 -68,807 -19.6
  $100,000 to $149,999 171,363 15.2 262,852 22.8 91,489 53.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 72,007 6.4 174,442 15.1 102,435 142.3
  $200,000 to $299,999 44,571 4.0 152,191 13.2 107,620 241.5
  $300,000 to $499,999 15,414 1.4 71,365 6.2 55,951 363.0
  $500,000 to $999,999 4,013 0.4 23,430 2.0 19,417 483.9
  $1,000,000 or more 935 0.1 7,829 0.7 6,894 737.3
Median value (dollars) 86,700... 120,600... 33,900 39.1

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $445 (2000) to $626 (2011) -- a change of $181 ( 40.67%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $816 (2000) to $1,092 (2011) -- a change of $276 ( 33.82%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 521,748 100.0 696,506 100.0 174,758 33.5
  Less than $300 10,217 2.0 2,277 0.3 -7,940 -77.7
  $300 to $499 65,992 12.6 30,911 4.4 -35,081 -53.2
  $500 to $699 115,346 22.1 80,859 11.6 -34,487 -29.9
  $700 to $999 159,905 30.6 182,247 26.2 22,342 14.0
  $1,000 to $1,499 118,215 22.7 235,972 33.9 117,757 99.6
  $1,500 to $1,999 33,513 6.4 95,760 13.7 62,247 185.7
  $2,000 or more 18,560 3.6 68,480 9.8 49,920 269.0
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 816... 1,092... 276 33.8
Housing units without a mortgage 284,713 54.6 454,973 100.0 170,260 59.8
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 214... 324... 110 51.4


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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