Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Maine

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

Contents - select topic from scroll box below
  Available Areas - select area from scroll box below

1. Population. The Maine total population increased from 1,274,923 (2000) to 1,328,188 (2011) -- a change of 53,265 ( 4.18%). The median age increased from 38.6 (2000) to 43.2 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 230,512 (2000) to 204,101 (2011) -- a change of -26,411 ( -11.46%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 1,274,923 100.0 1,328,188 100.0 53,265 4.2
  Male 620,309 48.7 651,076 49.0 30,767 5.0
  Female 654,614 51.3 677,112 51.0 22,498 3.4
  Under 5 years 70,726 5.5 66,221 5.0 -4,505 -6.4
  5 to 9 years 83,022 6.5 76,166 5.7 -6,856 -8.3
  10 to 14 years 92,252 7.2 78,205 5.9 -14,047 -15.2
  15 to 19 years 89,485 7.0 86,276 6.5 -3,209 -3.6
  20 to 24 years 69,656 5.5 78,783 5.9 9,127 13.1
  25 to 34 years 157,617 12.4 144,778 10.9 -12,839 -8.1
  35 to 44 years 212,980 16.7 167,184 12.6 -45,796 -21.5
  45 to 54 years 192,596 15.1 214,838 16.2 22,242 11.5
  55 to 59 years 68,490 5.4 101,808 7.7 33,318 48.6
  60 to 64 years 54,697 4.3 96,621 7.3 41,924 76.6
  65 to 74 years 96,196 7.5 117,419 8.8 21,223 22.1
  75 to 84 years 63,890 5.0 70,182 5.3 6,292 9.8
  85 years and over 23,316 1.8 29,707 2.2 6,391 27.4
  Median age 38.6... 43.2... 4.6 11.9

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 435,7672.733,7532.5
  5- 938,0812.936,0352.7
  10-1440,4953.038,5182.9
  15-1945,5413.442,7693.2
  20-2440,4263.039,2203.0
  25-2936,1452.736,5362.8
  30-3435,6622.736,2812.7
  35-3939,3023.040,6033.1
  40-4444,9573.446,5143.5
  45-4952,8614.054,7584.1
  50-5454,1294.156,8274.3
  55-5949,8613.852,5804.0
  60-6444,3613.345,2993.4
  65-6931,4322.433,5822.5
  70-7422,2341.725,4031.9
  75-7917,3381.321,5561.6
  80-8412,1250.918,2741.4
  85+ 9,3390.719,7971.5

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 9,111 (2000) to 13,498 (2011) -- a change of 4,387 ( 48.15%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 792 (2000) to 574 (2011) -- a change of -218 ( -27.53%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 1,274,923 100.0 1,328,188 100.0 53,265 4.2
One Race 1,262,276 99.0 1,303,121 98.1 40,845 3.2
  White 1,236,014 96.9 1,264,494 95.2 28,480 2.3
  Black or African American 6,760 0.5 13,598 1.0 6,838 101.2
  American Indian and Alaska Native 7,098 0.6 8,148 0.6 1,050 14.8
  Asian 9,111 0.7 13,498 1.0 4,387 48.2
    Asian Indian 1,021 0.1 1,804 0.1 783 76.7
    Chinese 2,034 0.2 2,819 0.2 785 38.6
    Filipino 1,159 0.1 2,367 0.2 1,208 104.2
    Japanese 616 0.0 668 0.1 52 8.4
    Korean 875 0.1 1,716 0.1 841 96.1
    Vietnamese 1,323 0.1 1,327 0.1 4 0.3
    Other Asian 2,083 0.2 2,797 0.2 714 34.3
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 382 0.0 134 0.0 -248 -64.9
    Native Hawaiian 90 0.0 -1 0.0 -91 -101.1
    Guamanian or Chamorro 70 0.0 -1 0.0 -71 -101.4
    Samoan 109 0.0 -1 0.0 -110 -100.9
    Other Pacific Islander 113 0.0 -1 0.0 -114 -100.9
  Some other race 2,911 0.2 3,249 0.2 338 11.6
Two or more races 12,647 1.0 25,067 1.9 12,420 98.2
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 1,247,776 97.9 1,288,000 97.0 40,224 3.2
  Black or African American 9,553 0.7 20,057 1.5 10,504 110.0
  American Indian and Alaska Native 13,156 1.0 22,863 1.7 9,707 73.8
  Asian 11,827 0.9 18,265 1.4 6,438 54.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 792 0.1 574 0.0 -218 -27.5
  Some other race 5,227 0.4 4,426 0.3 -801 -15.3
Hispanic 9,360 0.7 17,813 1.3 8,453 90.3

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 518,200 (2000) to 552,051 (2011) -- a change of 33,851 ( 6.53%). The number of families increased from 340,685 (2000) to 347,960 (2011) -- a change of 7,275 ( 2.14%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 518,200 100.0 552,051 100.0 33,851 6.5
  Family households (families) 340,685 65.7 347,960 63.0 7,275 2.1
    Married-couple family 272,152 52.5 270,959 49.1 -1,193 -0.4
  Nonfamily households 177,515 34.3 204,091 37.0 26,576 15.0
    Householder living alone 139,969 27.0 156,958 28.4 16,989 12.1
      Householder 65 years and over 55,483 10.7 60,744 11.0 5,261 9.5

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates decreased from 314,600 (2000) to 314,456 (2011) -- a change of -144 ( -0.05%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 869,893 100.0 942,537 100.0 72,644 8.4
  Less than 9th grade 47,183 5.4 32,045 3.4 -15,138 -32.1
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 80,105 9.2 53,521 5.7 -26,584 -33.2
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 314,600 36.2 314,456 33.4 -144 0.0
  Some college, no degree 165,111 19.0 191,100 20.3 25,989 15.7
  Associate's degree 63,934 7.3 83,864 8.9 19,930 31.2
  Bachelor's degree 129,992 14.9 168,605 17.9 38,613 29.7
  Graduate or professional degree 68,968 7.9 98,946 10.5 29,978 43.5
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 85.4... 90.9 5.5 6.4
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 22.9... 28.4 5.5 24.0

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over decreased from 321,041 (2000) to 304,531 (2011) -- a change of -16,510 ( -5.14%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 321,041 100.0 304,531 100.0 -16,510 -5.1
  Nursery school, preschool 17,558 5.5 15,365 5.0 -2,193 -12.5
  Kindergarten 15,482 4.8 15,201 5.0 -281 -1.8
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 146,178 45.5 124,147 40.8 -22,031 -15.1
  High school (grades 9-12) 74,607 23.2 66,335 21.8 -8,272 -11.1
  College or graduate school 67,216 20.9 83,483 27.4 16,267 24.2

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," decreased from 24,063 (2000) to 19,381 (2011) -- a change of -4,682 ( -19.46%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 1,204,164 100.0 1,261,967 100.0 57,803 4.8
  English only 1,110,198 92.2 1,178,388 93.4 68,190 6.1
  Language other than English 93,966 7.8 83,579 6.6 -10,387 -11.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 24,063 2.0 19,381 1.5 -4,682 -19.5
  Spanish 9,611 0.8 12,569 1.0 2,958 30.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 2,664 0.2 2,949 0.2 285 10.7
  Other Indo-European languages 76,079 6.3 56,287 4.5 -19,792 -26.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 18,165 1.5 9,562 0.8 -8,603 -47.4
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 5,737 0.5 9,225 0.7 3,488 60.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 2,485 0.2 4,634 0.4 2,149 86.5

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 624,011 (2000) to 643,104 (2011) -- a change of 19,093 ( 3.06%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 1,010,318 100.0 1,089,885 100.0 79,567 7.9
  In labor force 659,360 65.3 705,194 64.7 45,834 7.0
    Civilian labor force 655,176 64.8 703,536 64.6 48,360 7.4
      Employed 624,011 61.8 643,104 59.0 19,093 3.1
      Unemployed 31,165 3.1 60,432 5.5 29,267 93.9
      Percent of civilian labor force... 4.8... 8.6 3.8 79.2
    Armed Forces 4,184 0.4 1,658 0.2 -2,526 -60.4
  Not in labor force 350,958 34.7 384,691 35.3 33,733 9.6

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 624,011 100.0 643,104 100.0 19,093 3.1
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 16,087 2.6 15,669 2.4 -418 -2.6
  Construction 42,906 6.9 44,056 6.9 1,150 2.7
  Manufacturing 88,885 14.2 60,013 9.3 -28,872 -32.5
  Wholesale trade 21,470 3.4 14,678 2.3 -6,792 -31.6
  Retail trade 84,412 13.5 86,877 13.5 2,465 2.9
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 26,857 4.3 25,103 3.9 -1,754 -6.5
  Information 15,294 2.5 11,047 1.7 -4,247 -27.8
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 38,449 6.2 40,876 6.4 2,427 6.3
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 43,074 6.9 58,775 9.1 15,701 36.5
  Educational, health and social services 144,918 23.2 176,995 27.5 32,077 22.1
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 44,606 7.1 54,379 8.5 9,773 21.9
  Other services (except public administration) 29,182 4.7 26,075 4.1 -3,107 -10.6
  Public administration 27,871 4.5 28,561 4.4 690 2.5

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 708,385 (May 2012) to 708,121 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -264 ( 0.0%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force708,385707,791706,507705,385705,601708,121
  Employed655,996654,942652,695651,380652,125655,416
  Unemployed52,38952,84953,81254,00553,47652,705
  Unemployment rate 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.6 7.4

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 22.7 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 615,144). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 23.4 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 631,120).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 40.42% ( 486,757) of the population 5 years and over ( 1,204,164) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 14.86% ( 195,469) of the population 1 year and over ( 1,315,833) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $37,240 (2000) to $46,033 (2011) -- a change of $8,793 ( 23.61%). The per capita income increased from $19,533 (2000) to $25,802 (2011) -- a change of $6,269 ( 32.09%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $47,069 (2010) to $46,033 (2011) -- a change of ($1,036) ( -2.20%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.437 (2010) to 0.451 (2011) -- a change of 0.014 ( 3.204%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 518,372 100.0 552,051 100.0 33,679 6.5
  Less than $10,000 53,259 10.3 40,846 7.4 -12,413 -23.3
  $10,000 to $14,999 39,231 7.6 39,835 7.2 604 1.5
  $15,000 to $24,999 76,633 14.8 72,501 13.1 -4,132 -5.4
  $25,000 to $34,999 73,614 14.2 62,998 11.4 -10,616 -14.4
  $35,000 to $49,999 94,848 18.3 79,723 14.4 -15,125 -15.9
  $50,000 to $74,999 100,423 19.4 101,126 18.3 703 0.7
  $75,000 to $99,999 43,341 8.4 69,582 12.6 26,241 60.5
  $100,000 to $149,999 24,348 4.7 56,311 10.2 31,963 131.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 5,866 1.1 15,850 2.9 9,984 170.2
  $200,000 or more 6,809 1.3 13,279 2.4 6,470 95.0
  Median household income (dollars) 37,240... 46,033... 8,793 23.6
  Median family income (dollars) 45,179... 58,375... 13,196 29.2
  Per capita income (dollars) 19,533... 25,802... 6,269 32.1

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $50,732M (2011Q2) to $52,363M (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,631M ( 3.2%). Per capita personal income increased from $38,214 (2011Q2) to $39,424 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,246 ( 3.3%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 50,45350,73250,87451,41551,90552,363
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 50,26650,54550,69251,23651,65152,118
  Farm income 10.2/ 188187183179254246
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 34,17534,06334,03534,43034,61934,845
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 3,5733,5593,5553,5993,6113,627
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 1,7201,7261,7311,7621,7541,763
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 1,8531,8341,8241,8371,8561,864
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 906930915918930940
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 31,50831,43431,39531,74931,93932,158
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 7,5187,6467,6807,7407,8427,999
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 11,42711,65211,79911,92612,12312,206
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 23,99423,88123,83424,10524,16124,316
Supplements to wages and salaries 6,1976,1696,1816,2586,2416,271
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 4,3444,3354,3574,4214,3844,407
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 1,8531,8341,8241,8371,8561,864
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 3,9844,0134,0204,0674,2184,258
  Farm proprietors' income 112111107103155160
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 3,8723,9023,9133,9644,0634,099
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 38,00438,21438,32138,72939,08039,424

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 7.77 (2000) to 9.30 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 10.92 (2000) to 14.10 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 1,314,121) with health insurance was 1,173,956. Of those with health insurance, 864,031 had private health insurance and 495,681 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 20.04% ( 237,910) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 1,187,124) had a disability. In 2011, 15.48% ( 203,389) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 1,314,121) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 651,901 (2000) to 725,650 (2011) -- a change of 73,749 ( 11.31%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 651,901 100.0 725,650 100.0 73,749 11.3
  Occupied housing units 518,200 79.5 552,051 76.1 33,851 6.5
    Owner-occupied housing units 370,905 56.9 391,697 54.0 20,792 5.6
    Renter-occupied housing units 147,295 22.6 160,354 22.1 13,059 8.9
  Vacant housing units 133,701 20.5 173,599 23.9 39,898 29.8

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $98,700 (2000) to $171,600 (2011) -- a change of $72,900 ( 73.86%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 370,905 100.0 391,697 100.0 20,792 5.6
  Less than $50,000 21,959 5.9 32,701 8.3 10,742 48.9
  $50,000 to $99,999 108,736 29.3 53,517 13.7 -55,219 -50.8
  $100,000 to $149,999 69,554 18.8 68,586 17.5 -968 -1.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 27,431 7.4 79,594 20.3 52,163 190.2
  $200,000 to $299,999 17,337 4.7 86,169 22.0 68,832 397.0
  $300,000 to $499,999 7,076 1.9 50,532 12.9 43,456 614.1
  $500,000 to $999,999 2,249 0.6 16,131 4.1 13,882 617.3
  $1,000,000 or more 524 0.1 4,467 1.1 3,943 752.5
Median value (dollars) 98,700... 171,600... 72,900 73.9

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $497 (2000) to $747 (2011) -- a change of $250 ( 50.30%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $923 (2000) to $1,304 (2011) -- a change of $381 ( 41.28%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 169,138 100.0 254,013 100.0 84,875 50.2
  Less than $300 1,158 0.7 876 0.3 -282 -24.4
  $300 to $499 12,312 7.3 7,034 2.8 -5,278 -42.9
  $500 to $699 28,327 16.7 21,193 8.3 -7,134 -25.2
  $700 to $999 56,664 33.5 45,876 18.1 -10,788 -19.0
  $1,000 to $1,499 49,777 29.4 84,684 33.3 34,907 70.1
  $1,500 to $1,999 13,993 8.3 52,441 20.6 38,448 274.8
  $2,000 or more 6,907 4.1 41,909 16.5 35,002 506.8
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 923... 1,304... 381 41.3
Housing units without a mortgage 85,728 50.7 137,684 100.0 51,956 60.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 299... 453... 154 51.5


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
ProximityOne. Copyright © 2012. All Rights Reserved.
This document may be freely redistributed without further authorization.