Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Maryland

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Maryland total population increased from 5,296,486 (2000) to 5,828,289 (2011) -- a change of 531,803 ( 10.04%). The median age increased from 36.0 (2000) to 38.0 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,002,779 (2000) to 983,511 (2011) -- a change of -19,268 ( -1.92%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 5,296,486 100.0 5,828,289 100.0 531,803 10.0
  Male 2,557,794 48.3 2,820,212 48.4 262,418 10.3
  Female 2,738,692 51.7 3,008,077 51.6 269,385 9.8
  Under 5 years 353,393 6.7 363,121 6.2 9,728 2.8
  5 to 9 years 391,318 7.4 366,384 6.3 -24,934 -6.4
  10 to 14 years 392,135 7.4 380,928 6.5 -11,207 -2.9
  15 to 19 years 356,119 6.7 403,047 6.9 46,928 13.2
  20 to 24 years 314,129 5.9 399,152 6.8 85,023 27.1
  25 to 34 years 748,521 14.1 779,561 13.4 31,040 4.1
  35 to 44 years 916,156 17.3 779,861 13.4 -136,295 -14.9
  45 to 54 years 755,032 14.3 899,290 15.4 144,258 19.1
  55 to 59 years 268,647 5.1 386,418 6.6 117,771 43.8
  60 to 64 years 201,729 3.8 338,768 5.8 137,039 67.9
  65 to 74 years 321,285 6.1 402,695 6.9 81,410 25.3
  75 to 84 years 211,120 4.0 224,977 3.9 13,857 6.6
  85 years and over 66,902 1.3 104,087 1.8 37,185 55.6
  Median age 36.0... 38.0... 2.0 5.6

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4185,9163.2178,5723.1
  5- 9186,8653.2180,0033.1
  10-14193,0683.3185,9613.2
  15-19208,2493.6197,9923.4
  20-24199,9233.5193,7753.4
  25-29194,2233.4199,3253.5
  30-34179,2793.1189,2153.3
  35-39181,5433.1195,8663.4
  40-44200,9343.5217,2293.8
  45-49221,9693.8239,6164.2
  50-54211,2183.7229,4014.0
  55-59179,1083.1198,8813.4
  60-64149,9412.6167,8382.9
  65-69104,8731.8121,7232.1
  70-7472,1581.287,6031.5
  75-7953,0660.971,5131.2
  80-8438,4190.760,1611.0
  85+ 31,0100.567,1161.2

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 210,929 (2000) to 329,770 (2011) -- a change of 118,841 ( 56.34%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 6,179 (2000) to 7,338 (2011) -- a change of 1,159 ( 18.76%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 5,296,486 100.0 5,828,289 100.0 531,803 10.0
One Race 5,192,899 98.0 5,676,344 97.4 483,445 9.3
  White 3,391,308 64.0 3,414,300 58.6 22,992 0.7
  Black or African American 1,477,411 27.9 1,725,923 29.6 248,512 16.8
  American Indian and Alaska Native 15,423 0.3 14,530 0.2 -893 -5.8
  Asian 210,929 4.0 329,770 5.7 118,841 56.3
    Asian Indian 49,909 0.9 74,975 1.3 25,066 50.2
    Chinese 49,400 0.9 73,196 1.3 23,796 48.2
    Filipino 26,608 0.5 53,095 0.9 26,487 99.5
    Japanese 6,620 0.1 8,045 0.1 1,425 21.5
    Korean 39,155 0.7 49,177 0.8 10,022 25.6
    Vietnamese 16,744 0.3 26,038 0.4 9,294 55.5
    Other Asian 22,493 0.4 45,244 0.8 22,751 101.1
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 2,303 0.0 1,924 0.0 -379 -16.5
    Native Hawaiian 583 0.0 -1 0.0 -584 -100.2
    Guamanian or Chamorro 708 0.0 -1 0.0 -709 -100.1
    Samoan 321 0.0 -1 0.0 -322 -100.3
    Other Pacific Islander 691 0.0 -1 0.0 -692 -100.1
  Some other race 95,525 1.8 189,897 3.3 94,372 98.8
Two or more races 103,587 2.0 151,945 2.6 48,358 46.7
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 3,465,697 65.4 3,536,068 60.7 70,371 2.0
  Black or African American 1,525,036 28.8 1,808,779 31.0 283,743 18.6
  American Indian and Alaska Native 39,437 0.7 49,384 0.8 9,947 25.2
  Asian 238,408 4.5 378,646 6.5 140,238 58.8
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 6,179 0.1 7,338 0.1 1,159 18.8
  Some other race 134,621 2.5 212,554 3.6 77,933 57.9
Hispanic 227,916 4.3 489,505 8.4 261,589 114.8

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 1,980,859 (2000) to 2,134,517 (2011) -- a change of 153,658 ( 7.76%). The number of families increased from 1,359,318 (2000) to 1,415,576 (2011) -- a change of 56,258 ( 4.14%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 1,980,859 100.0 2,134,517 100.0 153,658 7.8
  Family households (families) 1,359,318 68.6 1,415,576 66.3 56,258 4.1
    Married-couple family 994,549 50.2 995,216 46.6 667 0.1
  Nonfamily households 621,541 31.4 718,941 33.7 97,400 15.7
    Householder living alone 495,459 25.0 592,823 27.8 97,364 19.7
      Householder 65 years and over 160,414 8.1 191,377 9.0 30,963 19.3

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 933,836 (2000) to 1,010,843 (2011) -- a change of 77,007 ( 8.25%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 3,495,595 100.0 3,915,657 100.0 420,062 12.0
  Less than 9th grade 178,169 5.1 167,418 4.3 -10,751 -6.0
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 386,917 11.1 268,473 6.9 -118,444 -30.6
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 933,836 26.7 1,010,843 25.8 77,007 8.2
  Some college, no degree 711,127 20.3 778,659 19.9 67,532 9.5
  Associate's degree 186,186 5.3 245,892 6.3 59,706 32.1
  Bachelor's degree 629,304 18.0 800,177 20.4 170,873 27.2
  Graduate or professional degree 470,056 13.4 644,195 16.5 174,139 37.0
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 83.8... 88.9 5.1 6.1
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 31.4... 36.9 5.5 17.5

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 1,475,484 (2000) to 1,577,839 (2011) -- a change of 102,355 ( 6.94%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,475,484 100.0 1,577,839 100.0 102,355 6.9
  Nursery school, preschool 96,052 6.5 97,216 6.2 1,164 1.2
  Kindergarten 75,440 5.1 74,892 4.7 -548 -0.7
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 641,844 43.5 582,658 36.9 -59,186 -9.2
  High school (grades 9-12) 307,671 20.9 316,806 20.1 9,135 3.0
  College or graduate school 354,477 24.0 506,267 32.1 151,790 42.8

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 246,287 (2000) to 339,442 (2011) -- a change of 93,155 ( 37.82%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 4,945,043 100.0 5,465,168 100.0 520,125 10.5
  English only 4,322,329 87.4 4,551,058 83.3 228,729 5.3
  Language other than English 622,714 12.6 914,110 16.7 291,396 46.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 246,287 5.0 339,442 6.2 93,155 37.8
  Spanish 230,829 4.7 378,689 6.9 147,860 64.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 108,578 2.2 165,465 3.0 56,887 52.4
  Other Indo-European languages 198,932 4.0 245,241 4.5 46,309 23.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 58,632 1.2 65,931 1.2 7,299 12.4
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 135,899 2.7 195,100 3.6 59,201 43.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 65,973 1.3 87,567 1.6 21,594 32.7

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 2,608,457 (2000) to 2,894,566 (2011) -- a change of 286,109 ( 10.97%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 4,085,942 100.0 4,642,826 100.0 556,884 13.6
  In labor force 2,769,525 67.8 3,200,873 68.9 431,348 15.6
    Civilian labor force 2,737,359 67.0 3,177,062 68.4 439,703 16.1
      Employed 2,608,457 63.8 2,894,566 62.3 286,109 11.0
      Unemployed 128,902 3.2 282,496 6.1 153,594 119.2
      Percent of civilian labor force... 4.7... 8.9 4.2 89.4
    Armed Forces 32,166 0.8 23,811 0.5 -8,355 -26.0
  Not in labor force 1,316,417 32.2 1,441,953 31.1 125,536 9.5

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 2,608,457 100.0 2,894,566 100.0 286,109 11.0
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 16,178 0.6 14,335 0.5 -1,843 -11.4
  Construction 181,280 6.9 195,395 6.8 14,115 7.8
  Manufacturing 189,327 7.3 147,304 5.1 -42,023 -22.2
  Wholesale trade 72,621 2.8 58,101 2.0 -14,520 -20.0
  Retail trade 273,339 10.5 279,098 9.6 5,759 2.1
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 127,294 4.9 128,092 4.4 798 0.6
  Information 103,351 4.0 67,052 2.3 -36,299 -35.1
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 186,159 7.1 175,054 6.0 -11,105 -6.0
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 323,834 12.4 425,233 14.7 101,399 31.3
  Educational, health and social services 538,350 20.6 672,698 23.2 134,348 25.0
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 177,341 6.8 234,397 8.1 57,056 32.2
  Other services (except public administration) 145,424 5.6 161,489 5.6 16,065 11.0
  Public administration 273,959 10.5 336,318 11.6 62,359 22.8

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 3,087,153 (May 2012) to 3,094,639 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 7,486 ( 0.2%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force3,087,1533,081,4013,078,1263,071,1263,078,7663,094,639
  Employed2,878,9982,869,7342,863,2782,854,1652,865,0842,886,061
  Unemployed208,155211,667214,848216,961213,682208,578
  Unemployment rate 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.7

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 31.2 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 2,591,670). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 32.2 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 2,855,500).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 44.35% ( 2,192,982) of the population 5 years and over ( 4,945,043) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 13.03% ( 750,635) of the population 1 year and over ( 5,759,087) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $52,868 (2000) to $70,004 (2011) -- a change of $17,136 ( 32.41%). The per capita income increased from $25,614 (2000) to $34,500 (2011) -- a change of $8,886 ( 34.69%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $70,976 (2010) to $70,004 (2011) -- a change of ($972) ( -1.37%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.443 (2010) to 0.447 (2011) -- a change of 0.004 ( 0.903%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 1,981,795 100.0 2,134,517 100.0 152,722 7.7
  Less than $10,000 137,199 6.9 117,652 5.5 -19,547 -14.2
  $10,000 to $14,999 83,328 4.2 79,779 3.7 -3,549 -4.3
  $15,000 to $24,999 188,104 9.5 161,341 7.6 -26,763 -14.2
  $25,000 to $34,999 212,135 10.7 163,441 7.7 -48,694 -23.0
  $35,000 to $49,999 305,987 15.4 233,533 10.9 -72,454 -23.7
  $50,000 to $74,999 427,180 21.6 380,826 17.8 -46,354 -10.9
  $75,000 to $99,999 268,558 13.6 284,564 13.3 16,006 6.0
  $100,000 to $149,999 230,285 11.6 375,756 17.6 145,471 63.2
  $150,000 to $199,999 69,102 3.5 170,100 8.0 100,998 146.2
  $200,000 or more 59,917 3.0 167,525 7.8 107,608 179.6
  Median household income (dollars) 52,868... 70,004... 17,136 32.4
  Median family income (dollars) 61,876... 83,823... 21,947 35.5
  Per capita income (dollars) 25,614... 34,500... 8,886 34.7

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $294,703M (2011Q2) to $305,711M (2012Q2) -- a change of $11,008M ( 3.7%). Per capita personal income increased from $50,934 (2011Q2) to $52,453 (2012Q2) -- a change of $2,272 ( 4.5%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 291,781294,703296,377298,081302,995305,711
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 291,349294,282295,965297,683302,572305,289
  Farm income 10.2/ 431421412398423422
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 200,300202,127203,456204,195208,762210,138
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 20,35020,44020,47820,48120,98421,079
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 9,0459,0889,0939,1029,2589,305
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 11,30511,35111,38511,37911,72611,774
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 26,89827,07027,14927,22727,00927,127
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 206,848208,758210,127210,940214,787216,186
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 45,68446,58946,86447,27747,93748,962
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 39,24939,35639,38739,86440,27140,563
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 143,174144,387145,318145,651149,096150,107
Supplements to wages and salaries 37,18937,63838,06838,29538,96339,148
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 25,88526,28726,68326,91627,23627,373
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 11,30511,35111,38511,37911,72611,774
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 19,93720,10220,07020,24920,70320,883
  Farm proprietors' income 306295286272261279
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 19,63119,80719,78419,97620,44220,603
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 50,42950,93451,22351,51851,98752,453

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 6.08 (2000) to 7.10 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 8.49 (2000) to 10.10 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 5,736,588) with health insurance was 5,138,144. Of those with health insurance, 4,244,753 had private health insurance and 1,525,964 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 17.64% ( 854,345) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 4,843,046) had a disability. In 2011, 10.22% ( 586,467) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 5,736,588) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 2,145,283 (2000) to 2,391,508 (2011) -- a change of 246,225 ( 11.48%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 2,145,283 100.0 2,391,508 100.0 246,225 11.5
  Occupied housing units 1,980,859 92.3 2,134,517 89.3 153,658 7.8
    Owner-occupied housing units 1,341,751 62.5 1,437,447 60.1 95,696 7.1
    Renter-occupied housing units 639,108 29.8 697,070 29.1 57,962 9.1
  Vacant housing units 164,424 7.7 256,991 10.7 92,567 56.3

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $146,000 (2000) to $287,100 (2011) -- a change of $141,100 ( 96.64%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 1,341,751 100.0 1,437,447 100.0 95,696 7.1
  Less than $50,000 44,906 3.3 42,003 2.9 -2,903 -6.5
  $50,000 to $99,999 227,547 17.0 57,403 4.0 -170,144 -74.8
  $100,000 to $149,999 346,627 25.8 104,180 7.2 -242,447 -69.9
  $150,000 to $199,999 246,058 18.3 175,443 12.2 -70,615 -28.7
  $200,000 to $299,999 189,652 14.1 389,609 27.1 199,957 105.4
  $300,000 to $499,999 91,576 6.8 420,659 29.3 329,083 359.4
  $500,000 to $999,999 27,743 2.1 211,492 14.7 183,749 662.3
  $1,000,000 or more 4,670 0.3 36,658 2.6 31,988 685.0
Median value (dollars) 146,000... 287,100... 141,100 96.6

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $689 (2000) to $1,153 (2011) -- a change of $464 ( 67.34%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,296 (2000) to $1,961 (2011) -- a change of $665 ( 51.31%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 916,046 100.0 1,093,872 100.0 177,826 19.4
  Less than $300 2,980 0.3 776 0.1 -2,204 -74.0
  $300 to $499 22,682 2.5 7,581 0.7 -15,101 -66.6
  $500 to $699 58,597 6.4 21,039 1.9 -37,558 -64.1
  $700 to $999 168,089 18.3 65,612 6.0 -102,477 -61.0
  $1,000 to $1,499 336,139 36.7 208,124 19.0 -128,015 -38.1
  $1,500 to $1,999 187,327 20.4 264,111 24.1 76,784 41.0
  $2,000 or more 140,232 15.3 526,629 48.1 386,397 275.5
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,296... 1,961... 665 51.3
Housing units without a mortgage 262,733 28.7 343,575 100.0 80,842 30.8
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 333... 571... 238 71.5


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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