Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Massachusetts

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Massachusetts total population increased from 6,349,097 (2000) to 6,587,536 (2011) -- a change of 238,439 ( 3.76%). The median age increased from 36.5 (2000) to 39.3 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,102,796 (2000) to 1,042,550 (2011) -- a change of -60,246 ( -5.46%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 6,349,097 100.0 6,587,536 100.0 238,439 3.8
  Male 3,058,816 48.2 3,187,794 48.4 128,978 4.2
  Female 3,290,281 51.8 3,399,742 51.6 109,461 3.3
  Under 5 years 397,268 6.3 362,557 5.5 -34,711 -8.7
  5 to 9 years 430,861 6.8 380,297 5.8 -50,564 -11.7
  10 to 14 years 431,247 6.8 404,436 6.1 -26,811 -6.2
  15 to 19 years 415,737 6.5 462,595 7.0 46,858 11.3
  20 to 24 years 404,279 6.4 475,603 7.2 71,324 17.6
  25 to 34 years 926,788 14.6 863,319 13.1 -63,469 -6.8
  35 to 44 years 1,062,995 16.7 867,088 13.2 -195,907 -18.4
  45 to 54 years 873,353 13.8 1,011,728 15.4 138,375 15.8
  55 to 59 years 310,002 4.9 455,528 6.9 145,526 46.9
  60 to 64 years 236,405 3.7 382,476 5.8 146,071 61.8
  65 to 74 years 427,830 6.7 474,830 7.2 47,000 11.0
  75 to 84 years 315,640 5.0 297,956 4.5 -17,684 -5.6
  85 years and over 116,692 1.8 149,123 2.3 32,431 27.8
  Median age 36.5... 39.3... 2.8 7.7

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4187,6052.9179,4822.7
  5- 9196,5473.0189,1402.9
  10-14207,4193.2198,1943.0
  15-19234,8803.6227,8763.5
  20-24236,2563.6239,4123.7
  25-29218,2553.3223,2703.4
  30-34198,3383.0205,2783.1
  35-39203,7573.1214,4383.3
  40-44228,6523.5240,3023.7
  45-49251,9373.8263,4974.0
  50-54241,6683.7255,3333.9
  55-59208,5943.2224,2283.4
  60-64176,2952.7194,2523.0
  65-69123,1271.9141,3322.2
  70-7485,7911.3106,2101.6
  75-7968,9311.193,6611.4
  80-8453,5510.884,9221.3
  85+ 45,0250.7100,1741.5

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 238,124 (2000) to 365,968 (2011) -- a change of 127,844 ( 53.69%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 8,704 (2000) to 5,789 (2011) -- a change of -2,915 ( -33.49%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 6,349,097 100.0 6,587,536 100.0 238,439 3.8
One Race 6,203,092 97.7 6,419,478 97.4 216,386 3.5
  White 5,367,286 84.5 5,305,948 80.5 -61,338 -1.1
  Black or African American 343,454 5.4 451,127 6.8 107,673 31.4
  American Indian and Alaska Native 15,015 0.2 13,160 0.2 -1,855 -12.4
  Asian 238,124 3.8 365,968 5.6 127,844 53.7
    Asian Indian 43,801 0.7 69,465 1.1 25,664 58.6
    Chinese 84,392 1.3 133,088 2.0 48,696 57.7
    Filipino 8,273 0.1 12,135 0.2 3,862 46.7
    Japanese 10,539 0.2 7,890 0.1 -2,649 -25.1
    Korean 17,369 0.3 28,944 0.4 11,575 66.6
    Vietnamese 33,962 0.5 51,472 0.8 17,510 51.6
    Other Asian 39,788 0.6 62,974 1.0 23,186 58.3
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 2,489 0.0 858 0.0 -1,631 -65.5
    Native Hawaiian 562 0.0 -1 0.0 -563 -100.2
    Guamanian or Chamorro 529 0.0 -1 0.0 -530 -100.2
    Samoan 476 0.0 -1 0.0 -477 -100.2
    Other Pacific Islander 922 0.0 -1 0.0 -923 -100.1
  Some other race 236,724 3.7 282,417 4.3 45,693 19.3
Two or more races 146,005 2.3 168,058 2.6 22,053 15.1
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 5,472,809 86.2 5,450,859 82.7 -21,950 -0.4
  Black or African American 398,479 6.3 540,769 8.2 142,290 35.7
  American Indian and Alaska Native 38,050 0.6 42,744 0.6 4,694 12.3
  Asian 264,814 4.2 408,604 6.2 143,790 54.3
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 8,704 0.1 5,789 0.1 -2,915 -33.5
  Some other race 320,907 5.1 318,477 4.8 -2,430 -0.8
Hispanic 428,729 6.8 649,272 9.9 220,543 51.4

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 2,443,580 (2000) to 2,532,067 (2011) -- a change of 88,487 ( 3.62%). The number of families increased from 1,576,696 (2000) to 1,597,920 (2011) -- a change of 21,224 ( 1.35%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 2,443,580 100.0 2,532,067 100.0 88,487 3.6
  Family households (families) 1,576,696 64.5 1,597,920 63.1 21,224 1.3
    Married-couple family 1,197,917 49.0 1,174,019 46.4 -23,898 -2.0
  Nonfamily households 866,884 35.5 934,147 36.9 67,263 7.8
    Householder living alone 684,345 28.0 742,371 29.3 58,026 8.5
      Householder 65 years and over 256,137 10.5 275,847 10.9 19,710 7.7

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 1,165,489 (2000) to 1,165,691 (2011) -- a change of 202 ( 0.02%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 4,273,275 100.0 4,502,048 100.0 228,773 5.4
  Less than 9th grade 247,556 5.8 222,929 5.0 -24,627 -9.9
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 403,537 9.4 262,443 5.8 -141,094 -35.0
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 1,165,489 27.3 1,165,691 25.9 202 0.0
  Some college, no degree 730,135 17.1 738,697 16.4 8,562 1.2
  Associate's degree 308,263 7.2 349,778 7.8 41,515 13.5
  Bachelor's degree 834,554 19.5 1,004,133 22.3 169,579 20.3
  Graduate or professional degree 583,741 13.7 758,377 16.8 174,636 29.9
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 84.8... 89.2 4.4 5.2
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 33.2... 39.1 5.9 17.8

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 1,726,111 (2000) to 1,764,471 (2011) -- a change of 38,360 ( 2.22%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,726,111 100.0 1,764,471 100.0 38,360 2.2
  Nursery school, preschool 122,930 7.1 115,161 6.5 -7,769 -6.3
  Kindergarten 86,479 5.0 81,223 4.6 -5,256 -6.1
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 703,094 40.7 629,133 35.7 -73,961 -10.5
  High school (grades 9-12) 340,205 19.7 346,200 19.6 5,995 1.8
  College or graduate school 473,403 27.4 592,754 33.6 119,351 25.2

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 459,073 (2000) to 553,242 (2011) -- a change of 94,169 ( 20.51%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 5,954,249 100.0 6,224,979 100.0 270,730 4.5
  English only 4,838,679 81.3 4,854,530 78.0 15,851 0.3
  Language other than English 1,115,570 18.7 1,370,449 22.0 254,879 22.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 459,073 7.7 553,242 8.9 94,169 20.5
  Spanish 370,011 6.2 497,800 8.0 127,789 34.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 162,908 2.7 218,189 3.5 55,281 33.9
  Other Indo-European languages 529,784 8.9 559,716 9.0 29,932 5.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 194,256 3.3 192,031 3.1 -2,225 -1.1
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 171,253 2.9 242,160 3.9 70,907 41.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 89,931 1.5 122,475 2.0 32,544 36.2

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 3,161,087 (2000) to 3,284,720 (2011) -- a change of 123,633 ( 3.91%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 5,010,241 100.0 5,359,592 100.0 349,351 7.0
  In labor force 3,317,479 66.2 3,624,764 67.6 307,285 9.3
    Civilian labor force 3,312,039 66.1 3,619,653 67.5 307,614 9.3
      Employed 3,161,087 63.1 3,284,720 61.3 123,633 3.9
      Unemployed 150,952 3.0 334,933 6.2 183,981 121.9
      Percent of civilian labor force... 4.6... 9.3 4.7 102.2
    Armed Forces 5,440 0.1 5,111 0.1 -329 -6.0
  Not in labor force 1,692,762 33.8 1,734,828 32.4 42,066 2.5

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 3,161,087 100.0 3,284,720 100.0 123,633 3.9
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 12,440 0.4 12,762 0.4 322 2.6
  Construction 173,940 5.5 181,554 5.5 7,614 4.4
  Manufacturing 405,368 12.8 304,968 9.3 -100,400 -24.8
  Wholesale trade 103,333 3.3 83,990 2.6 -19,343 -18.7
  Retail trade 353,019 11.2 371,018 11.3 17,999 5.1
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 131,820 4.2 117,610 3.6 -14,210 -10.8
  Information 118,432 3.7 71,706 2.2 -46,726 -39.5
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 259,538 8.2 261,132 7.9 1,594 0.6
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 365,561 11.6 416,187 12.7 50,626 13.8
  Educational, health and social services 750,610 23.7 903,675 27.5 153,065 20.4
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 214,026 6.8 274,286 8.4 60,260 28.2
  Other services (except public administration) 138,635 4.4 153,659 4.7 15,024 10.8
  Public administration 134,365 4.3 132,173 4.0 -2,192 -1.6

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 3,458,316 (May 2012) to 3,473,867 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 15,551 ( 0.4%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force3,458,3163,461,0603,451,0253,448,2993,461,1063,473,867
  Employed3,249,3163,254,2633,240,2543,229,7193,235,8603,243,670
  Unemployed209,000206,797210,771218,580225,246230,197
  Unemployment rate 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.6

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 27.0 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 3,102,837). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 28.0 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 3,216,363).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 41.53% ( 2,472,652) of the population 5 years and over ( 5,954,249) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 13.14% ( 856,289) of the population 1 year and over ( 6,515,057) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $50,502 (2000) to $62,859 (2011) -- a change of $12,357 ( 24.47%). The per capita income increased from $25,952 (2000) to $34,041 (2011) -- a change of $8,089 ( 31.17%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $63,967 (2010) to $62,859 (2011) -- a change of ($1,108) ( -1.73%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.475 (2010) to 0.477 (2011) -- a change of 0.002 ( 0.421%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 2,444,588 100.0 2,532,067 100.0 87,479 3.6
  Less than $10,000 214,700 8.8 177,049 7.0 -37,651 -17.5
  $10,000 to $14,999 137,187 5.6 133,149 5.3 -4,038 -2.9
  $15,000 to $24,999 248,208 10.2 232,686 9.2 -15,522 -6.3
  $25,000 to $34,999 253,125 10.4 207,134 8.2 -45,991 -18.2
  $35,000 to $49,999 355,195 14.5 284,852 11.2 -70,343 -19.8
  $50,000 to $74,999 490,998 20.1 412,584 16.3 -78,414 -16.0
  $75,000 to $99,999 312,741 12.8 319,552 12.6 6,811 2.2
  $100,000 to $149,999 267,300 10.9 401,077 15.8 133,777 50.0
  $150,000 to $199,999 80,640 3.3 182,361 7.2 101,721 126.1
  $200,000 or more 84,494 3.5 181,623 7.2 97,129 115.0
  Median household income (dollars) 50,502... 62,859... 12,357 24.5
  Median family income (dollars) 61,664... 80,425... 18,761 30.4
  Per capita income (dollars) 25,952... 34,041... 8,089 31.2

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $355,198M (2011Q2) to $364,552M (2012Q2) -- a change of $9,354M ( 2.6%). Per capita personal income increased from $54,169 (2011Q2) to $55,340 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,676 ( 3.1%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 348,731355,198351,854353,188360,368364,552
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 348,597355,069351,734353,069360,199364,385
  Farm income 10.2/ 133128120119170167
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 266,103272,321268,170269,026275,415278,295
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 24,63325,13224,59024,66925,25125,479
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 11,04411,28811,02911,05611,24511,347
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 13,58913,84413,56113,61414,00714,132
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -5,987-6,231-5,995-6,047-6,246-6,345
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 235,482240,957237,584238,309243,917246,471
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 57,28358,26958,46158,82159,60760,978
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 55,96655,97255,80956,05856,84457,103
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 194,494199,270195,617196,192200,845203,019
Supplements to wages and salaries 42,14643,13742,55642,72843,53643,939
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 28,55729,29328,99529,11529,52929,807
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 13,58913,84413,56113,61414,00714,132
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 29,46329,91429,99730,10531,03531,337
  Farm proprietors' income 363022214256
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 29,42729,88429,97630,08430,99231,282
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 53,18254,16953,65953,86254,70555,340

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 6.65 (2000) to 8.30 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 9.34 (2000) to 11.60 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 6,507,596) with health insurance was 6,230,656. Of those with health insurance, 4,877,697 had private health insurance and 2,137,319 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 18.51% ( 1,084,746) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 5,860,845) had a disability. In 2011, 11.34% ( 737,748) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 6,507,596) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 2,621,989 (2000) to 2,819,028 (2011) -- a change of 197,039 ( 7.51%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 2,621,989 100.0 2,819,028 100.0 197,039 7.5
  Occupied housing units 2,443,580 93.2 2,532,067 89.8 88,487 3.6
    Owner-occupied housing units 1,508,052 57.5 1,573,279 55.8 65,227 4.3
    Renter-occupied housing units 935,528 35.7 958,788 34.0 23,260 2.5
  Vacant housing units 178,409 6.8 286,961 10.2 108,552 60.8

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $185,700 (2000) to $326,300 (2011) -- a change of $140,600 ( 75.71%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 1,508,052 100.0 1,573,279 100.0 65,227 4.3
  Less than $50,000 8,071 0.5 30,088 1.9 22,017 272.8
  $50,000 to $99,999 105,192 7.0 28,017 1.8 -77,175 -73.4
  $100,000 to $149,999 277,571 18.4 70,346 4.5 -207,225 -74.7
  $150,000 to $199,999 273,542 18.1 151,080 9.6 -122,462 -44.8
  $200,000 to $299,999 286,599 19.0 408,182 25.9 121,583 42.4
  $300,000 to $499,999 170,536 11.3 578,071 36.7 407,535 239.0
  $500,000 to $999,999 56,270 3.7 253,835 16.1 197,565 351.1
  $1,000,000 or more 10,090 0.7 53,660 3.4 43,570 431.8
Median value (dollars) 185,700... 326,300... 140,600 75.7

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $684 (2000) to $1,034 (2011) -- a change of $350 ( 51.17%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,353 (2000) to $2,042 (2011) -- a change of $689 ( 50.92%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 850,347 100.0 1,132,340 100.0 281,993 33.2
  Less than $300 936 0.1 345 0.0 -591 -63.1
  $300 to $499 14,626 1.7 4,242 0.4 -10,384 -71.0
  $500 to $699 45,200 5.3 16,435 1.5 -28,765 -63.6
  $700 to $999 139,675 16.4 56,313 5.0 -83,362 -59.7
  $1,000 to $1,499 312,414 36.7 201,146 17.8 -111,268 -35.6
  $1,500 to $1,999 187,969 22.1 267,675 23.6 79,706 42.4
  $2,000 or more 149,527 17.6 586,184 51.8 436,657 292.0
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,353... 2,042... 689 50.9
Housing units without a mortgage 337,524 39.7 440,939 100.0 103,415 30.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 406... 672... 266 65.5


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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