Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Michigan

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Michigan total population decreased from 9,938,444 (2000) to 9,876,187 (2011) -- a change of -62,257 ( -0.63%). The median age increased from 35.5 (2000) to 39.2 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,923,762 (2000) to 1,709,692 (2011) -- a change of -214,070 ( -11.13%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 9,938,444 100.0 9,876,187 100.0 -62,257 -0.6
  Male 4,873,095 49.0 4,848,677 49.1 -24,418 -0.5
  Female 5,065,349 51.0 5,027,510 50.9 -37,839 -0.7
  Under 5 years 672,005 6.8 583,393 5.9 -88,612 -13.2
  5 to 9 years 745,181 7.5 625,273 6.3 -119,908 -16.1
  10 to 14 years 747,012 7.5 661,843 6.7 -85,169 -11.4
  15 to 19 years 719,867 7.2 721,079 7.3 1,212 0.2
  20 to 24 years 643,839 6.5 696,275 7.1 52,436 8.1
  25 to 34 years 1,362,171 13.7 1,168,784 11.8 -193,387 -14.2
  35 to 44 years 1,598,373 16.1 1,244,067 12.6 -354,306 -22.2
  45 to 54 years 1,367,939 13.8 1,481,912 15.0 113,973 8.3
  55 to 59 years 485,895 4.9 696,576 7.1 210,681 43.4
  60 to 64 years 377,144 3.8 609,115 6.2 231,971 61.5
  65 to 74 years 642,880 6.5 744,826 7.5 101,946 15.9
  75 to 84 years 433,678 4.4 445,345 4.5 11,667 2.7
  85 years and over 142,460 1.4 197,699 2.0 55,239 38.8
  Median age 35.5... 39.2... 3.7 10.4

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4304,5873.1291,6993.0
  5- 9326,1453.3311,6393.2
  10-14345,5583.5329,6583.3
  15-19379,4773.8360,1223.6
  20-24338,5693.4330,5033.3
  25-29295,3233.0294,2603.0
  30-34285,5102.9289,0562.9
  35-39302,9023.1309,5913.1
  40-44330,4193.3335,0623.4
  45-49367,7473.7376,8343.8
  50-54376,0563.8389,3963.9
  55-59333,3773.4349,8093.5
  60-64275,2602.8293,5513.0
  65-69199,2612.0219,3642.2
  70-74140,7751.4165,3091.7
  75-79104,9201.1139,1651.4
  80-8480,6350.8120,2201.2
  85+ 61,5930.6130,2881.3

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 176,510 (2000) to 242,232 (2011) -- a change of 65,722 ( 37.23%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 7,276 (2000) to 8,349 (2011) -- a change of 1,073 ( 14.75%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 9,938,444 100.0 9,876,187 100.0 -62,257 -0.6
One Race 9,746,028 98.1 9,623,356 97.4 -122,672 -1.3
  White 7,966,053 80.2 7,830,903 79.3 -135,150 -1.7
  Black or African American 1,412,742 14.2 1,388,139 14.1 -24,603 -1.7
  American Indian and Alaska Native 58,479 0.6 54,719 0.6 -3,760 -6.4
  Asian 176,510 1.8 242,232 2.5 65,722 37.2
    Asian Indian 54,631 0.5 75,667 0.8 21,036 38.5
    Chinese 33,189 0.3 46,553 0.5 13,364 40.3
    Filipino 17,377 0.2 26,648 0.3 9,271 53.4
    Japanese 11,288 0.1 9,304 0.1 -1,984 -17.6
    Korean 20,886 0.2 26,802 0.3 5,916 28.3
    Vietnamese 13,673 0.1 18,353 0.2 4,680 34.2
    Other Asian 25,466 0.3 38,905 0.4 13,439 52.8
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 2,692 0.0 2,118 0.0 -574 -21.3
    Native Hawaiian 734 0.0 568 0.0 -166 -22.6
    Guamanian or Chamorro 622 0.0 313 0.0 -309 -49.7
    Samoan 505 0.0 155 0.0 -350 -69.3
    Other Pacific Islander 831 0.0 1,082 0.0 251 30.2
  Some other race 129,552 1.3 105,245 1.1 -24,307 -18.8
Two or more races 192,416 1.9 252,831 2.6 60,415 31.4
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 8,133,283 81.8 8,052,259 81.5 -81,024 -1.0
  Black or African American 1,474,613 14.8 1,510,609 15.3 35,996 2.4
  American Indian and Alaska Native 124,412 1.3 143,760 1.5 19,348 15.6
  Asian 208,329 2.1 297,203 3.0 88,874 42.7
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 7,276 0.1 8,349 0.1 1,073 14.7
  Some other race 195,724 2.0 133,760 1.4 -61,964 -31.7
Hispanic 323,877 3.3 447,420 4.5 123,543 38.1

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) decreased from 3,785,661 (2000) to 3,772,433 (2011) -- a change of -13,228 ( -0.35%). The number of families decreased from 2,575,699 (2000) to 2,472,884 (2011) -- a change of -102,815 ( -3.99%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 3,785,661 100.0 3,772,433 100.0 -13,228 -0.3
  Family households (families) 2,575,699 68.0 2,472,884 65.6 -102,815 -4.0
    Married-couple family 1,947,710 51.4 1,817,454 48.2 -130,256 -6.7
  Nonfamily households 1,209,962 32.0 1,299,549 34.4 89,587 7.4
    Householder living alone 993,607 26.2 1,092,559 29.0 98,952 10.0
      Householder 65 years and over 355,414 9.4 396,094 10.5 40,680 11.4

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 2,010,861 (2000) to 2,028,204 (2011) -- a change of 17,343 ( 0.86%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 6,415,941 100.0 6,588,324 100.0 172,383 2.7
  Less than 9th grade 299,014 4.7 228,828 3.5 -70,186 -23.5
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 765,119 11.9 509,168 7.7 -255,951 -33.5
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 2,010,861 31.3 2,028,204 30.8 17,343 0.9
  Some college, no degree 1,496,576 23.3 1,577,887 23.9 81,311 5.4
  Associate's degree 448,112 7.0 555,968 8.4 107,856 24.1
  Bachelor's degree 878,680 13.7 1,037,602 15.7 158,922 18.1
  Graduate or professional degree 517,579 8.1 650,667 9.9 133,088 25.7
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 83.4... 88.8 5.4 6.5
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 21.8... 25.6 3.8 17.4

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over decreased from 2,780,378 (2000) to 2,695,641 (2011) -- a change of -84,737 ( -3.05%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 2,780,378 100.0 2,695,641 100.0 -84,737 -3.0
  Nursery school, preschool 173,083 6.2 145,290 5.4 -27,793 -16.1
  Kindergarten 149,186 5.4 129,698 4.8 -19,488 -13.1
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 1,225,217 44.1 1,030,070 38.2 -195,147 -15.9
  High school (grades 9-12) 597,056 21.5 566,119 21.0 -30,937 -5.2
  College or graduate school 635,836 22.9 824,464 30.6 188,628 29.7

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 294,606 (2000) to 298,225 (2011) -- a change of 3,619 ( 1.23%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 9,268,782 100.0 9,292,794 100.0 24,012 0.3
  English only 8,487,401 91.6 8,445,539 90.9 -41,862 -0.5
  Language other than English 781,381 8.4 847,255 9.1 65,874 8.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 294,606 3.2 298,225 3.2 3,619 1.2
  Spanish 246,688 2.7 264,965 2.9 18,277 7.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 100,689 1.1 92,655 1.0 -8,034 -8.0
  Other Indo-European languages 303,122 3.3 281,895 3.0 -21,227 -7.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 96,900 1.0 84,086 0.9 -12,814 -13.2
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 104,467 1.1 134,654 1.4 30,187 28.9
    Speak English less than "very well" 48,454 0.5 55,503 0.6 7,049 14.5

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 4,637,461 (2000) to 4,191,878 (2011) -- a change of -445,583 ( -9.61%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 7,630,645 100.0 7,865,213 100.0 234,568 3.1
  In labor force 4,926,463 64.6 4,825,627 61.4 -100,836 -2.0
    Civilian labor force 4,922,453 64.5 4,821,613 61.3 -100,840 -2.0
      Employed 4,637,461 60.8 4,191,878 53.3 -445,583 -9.6
      Unemployed 284,992 3.7 629,735 8.0 344,743 121.0
      Percent of civilian labor force... 5.8... 13.1 7.3 125.9
    Armed Forces 4,010 0.1 4,014 0.1 4 0.1
  Not in labor force 2,704,182 35.4 3,039,586 38.6 335,404 12.4

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 4,637,461 100.0 4,191,878 100.0 -445,583 -9.6
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 49,496 1.1 56,829 1.4 7,333 14.8
  Construction 278,079 6.0 194,973 4.7 -83,106 -29.9
  Manufacturing 1,045,651 22.5 712,636 17.0 -333,015 -31.8
  Wholesale trade 151,656 3.3 103,602 2.5 -48,054 -31.7
  Retail trade 550,918 11.9 494,540 11.8 -56,378 -10.2
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 191,799 4.1 173,714 4.1 -18,085 -9.4
  Information 98,887 2.1 65,919 1.6 -32,968 -33.3
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 246,633 5.3 221,325 5.3 -25,308 -10.3
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 371,119 8.0 381,172 9.1 10,053 2.7
  Educational, health and social services 921,395 19.9 1,023,530 24.4 102,135 11.1
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 351,229 7.6 400,644 9.6 49,415 14.1
  Other services (except public administration) 212,868 4.6 206,364 4.9 -6,504 -3.1
  Public administration 167,731 3.6 156,630 3.7 -11,101 -6.6

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 4,664,035 (May 2012) to 4,674,478 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 10,443 ( 0.2%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force4,664,0354,663,3354,660,5024,658,7144,666,6894,674,478
  Employed4,268,6734,260,9734,239,0824,222,0834,234,4434,247,150
  Unemployed395,362402,362421,420436,631432,246427,328
  Unemployment rate 8.5 8.6 9.0 9.4 9.3 9.1

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 24.1 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 4,540,372). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 24.1 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 4,094,528).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 42.74% ( 3,961,554) of the population 5 years and over ( 9,268,782) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 14.60% ( 1,425,807) of the population 1 year and over ( 9,766,574) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $44,667 (2000) to $45,981 (2011) -- a change of $1,314 ( 2.94%). The per capita income increased from $22,168 (2000) to $24,409 (2011) -- a change of $2,241 ( 10.11%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $46,692 (2010) to $45,981 (2011) -- a change of ($711) ( -1.52%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.451 (2010) to 0.461 (2011) -- a change of 0.010 ( 2.217%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 3,788,780 100.0 3,772,433 100.0 -16,347 -0.4
  Less than $10,000 313,905 8.3 328,207 8.7 14,302 4.6
  $10,000 to $14,999 219,133 5.8 235,932 6.3 16,799 7.7
  $15,000 to $24,999 469,100 12.4 472,304 12.5 3,204 0.7
  $25,000 to $34,999 470,419 12.4 428,060 11.3 -42,359 -9.0
  $35,000 to $49,999 624,326 16.5 550,775 14.6 -73,551 -11.8
  $50,000 to $74,999 778,755 20.6 688,844 18.3 -89,911 -11.5
  $75,000 to $99,999 432,681 11.4 433,940 11.5 1,259 0.3
  $100,000 to $149,999 324,966 8.6 402,208 10.7 77,242 23.8
  $150,000 to $199,999 79,291 2.1 128,206 3.4 48,915 61.7
  $200,000 or more 76,204 2.0 103,957 2.8 27,753 36.4
  Median household income (dollars) 44,667... 45,981... 1,314 2.9
  Median family income (dollars) 53,457... 58,068... 4,611 8.6
  Per capita income (dollars) 22,168... 24,409... 2,241 10.1

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $356,128M (2011Q2) to $370,704M (2012Q2) -- a change of $14,576M ( 4.1%). Per capita personal income increased from $36,054 (2011Q2) to $37,535 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,471 ( 4.1%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 356,246356,128358,270361,963366,833370,704
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 353,457353,351355,491359,199363,814367,844
  Farm income 10.2/ 2,7882,7772,7792,7643,0182,860
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 250,718250,055252,662256,428259,819262,365
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 27,19026,94127,06927,41427,76828,004
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 12,53812,43912,49212,67712,74012,854
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 14,65214,50314,57714,73615,02815,149
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 1,7531,7721,7881,7651,8241,840
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 225,280224,886227,381230,779233,875236,202
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 48,73949,45849,52249,71750,31251,424
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 82,22681,78581,36881,46782,64683,078
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 181,892181,131182,999185,979188,116190,132
Supplements to wages and salaries 44,03043,88144,48445,18945,56545,982
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 29,37829,37929,90730,45230,53730,832
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 14,65214,50314,57714,73615,02815,149
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 24,79625,04325,17825,26026,13826,252
  Farm proprietors' income 2,1502,1372,1372,1212,4152,331
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 22,64522,90623,04223,14023,72323,921
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 36,06636,05436,27136,64537,14337,535

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 7.42 (2000) to 12.50 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 10.53 (2000) to 17.50 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 9,762,306) with health insurance was 8,612,395. Of those with health insurance, 6,673,544 had private health insurance and 3,305,731 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 18.73% ( 1,711,231) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 9,138,340) had a disability. In 2011, 13.89% ( 1,356,359) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 9,762,306) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 4,234,279 (2000) to 4,525,654 (2011) -- a change of 291,375 ( 6.88%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 4,234,279 100.0 4,525,654 100.0 291,375 6.9
  Occupied housing units 3,785,661 89.4 3,772,433 83.4 -13,228 -0.3
    Owner-occupied housing units 2,793,124 66.0 2,706,280 59.8 -86,844 -3.1
    Renter-occupied housing units 992,537 23.4 1,066,153 23.6 73,616 7.4
  Vacant housing units 448,618 10.6 753,221 16.6 304,603 67.9

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $115,600 (2000) to $118,100 (2011) -- a change of $2,500 ( 2.16%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 2,793,124 100.0 2,706,280 100.0 -86,844 -3.1
  Less than $50,000 224,603 8.0 409,930 15.1 185,327 82.5
  $50,000 to $99,999 711,648 25.5 707,551 26.1 -4,097 -0.6
  $100,000 to $149,999 603,454 21.6 555,568 20.5 -47,886 -7.9
  $150,000 to $199,999 339,716 12.2 444,042 16.4 104,326 30.7
  $200,000 to $299,999 252,044 9.0 355,727 13.1 103,683 41.1
  $300,000 to $499,999 104,079 3.7 163,110 6.0 59,031 56.7
  $500,000 to $999,999 27,642 1.0 53,442 2.0 25,800 93.3
  $1,000,000 or more 5,989 0.2 16,910 0.6 10,921 182.4
Median value (dollars) 115,600... 118,100... 2,500 2.2

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $546 (2000) to $739 (2011) -- a change of $193 ( 35.35%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $972 (2000) to $1,275 (2011) -- a change of $303 ( 31.17%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 1,580,828 100.0 1,750,985 100.0 170,157 10.8
  Less than $300 9,917 0.6 4,280 0.2 -5,637 -56.8
  $300 to $499 106,879 6.8 37,666 2.2 -69,213 -64.8
  $500 to $699 254,041 16.1 118,899 6.8 -135,142 -53.2
  $700 to $999 460,678 29.1 345,805 19.7 -114,873 -24.9
  $1,000 to $1,499 459,859 29.1 619,625 35.4 159,766 34.7
  $1,500 to $1,999 176,098 11.1 344,692 19.7 168,594 95.7
  $2,000 or more 113,356 7.2 280,018 16.0 166,662 147.0
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 972... 1,275... 303 31.2
Housing units without a mortgage 688,347 43.5 955,295 100.0 266,948 38.8
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 288... 450... 162 56.3


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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