Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Minnesota

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Minnesota total population increased from 4,919,479 (2000) to 5,344,861 (2011) -- a change of 425,382 ( 8.65%). The median age increased from 35.4 (2000) to 37.6 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 957,300 (2000) to 925,062 (2011) -- a change of -32,238 ( -3.37%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 4,919,479 100.0 5,344,861 100.0 425,382 8.6
  Male 2,435,631 49.5 2,656,471 49.7 220,840 9.1
  Female 2,483,848 50.5 2,688,390 50.3 204,542 8.2
  Under 5 years 329,594 6.7 352,599 6.6 23,005 7.0
  5 to 9 years 355,894 7.2 358,070 6.7 2,176 0.6
  10 to 14 years 374,995 7.6 350,621 6.6 -24,374 -6.5
  15 to 19 years 374,362 7.6 369,145 6.9 -5,217 -1.4
  20 to 24 years 322,483 6.6 353,625 6.6 31,142 9.7
  25 to 34 years 673,138 13.7 725,526 13.6 52,388 7.8
  35 to 44 years 824,182 16.8 668,881 12.5 -155,301 -18.8
  45 to 54 years 665,696 13.5 802,069 15.0 136,373 20.5
  55 to 59 years 226,857 4.6 359,591 6.7 132,734 58.5
  60 to 64 years 178,012 3.6 303,651 5.7 125,639 70.6
  65 to 74 years 295,825 6.0 366,980 6.9 71,155 24.1
  75 to 84 years 212,840 4.3 227,998 4.3 15,158 7.1
  85 years and over 85,601 1.7 106,105 2.0 20,504 24.0
  Median age 35.4... 37.6... 2.2 6.2

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4181,3423.4174,1623.3
  5- 9181,6143.4173,9223.3
  10-14180,3563.4171,9863.2
  15-19188,5943.6179,2353.4
  20-24180,7253.4174,9263.3
  25-29187,5623.5185,1243.5
  30-34174,5493.3168,3513.2
  35-39165,8153.1162,3753.1
  40-44177,2343.3175,6703.3
  45-49203,5883.8202,6153.8
  50-54200,6633.8201,0323.8
  55-59174,3213.3175,2683.3
  60-64137,7602.6142,0152.7
  65-6997,5331.8105,0372.0
  70-7470,8401.381,0171.5
  75-7954,4641.067,6501.3
  80-8440,8650.859,0511.1
  85+ 34,3070.672,3571.4

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 141,968 (2000) to 216,270 (2011) -- a change of 74,302 ( 52.34%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 5,867 (2000) to 4,079 (2011) -- a change of -1,788 ( -30.48%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 4,919,479 100.0 5,344,861 100.0 425,382 8.6
One Race 4,836,737 98.3 5,209,890 97.5 373,153 7.7
  White 4,400,282 89.4 4,577,875 85.7 177,593 4.0
  Black or African American 171,731 3.5 279,142 5.2 107,411 62.5
  American Indian and Alaska Native 54,967 1.1 60,842 1.1 5,875 10.7
  Asian 141,968 2.9 216,270 4.0 74,302 52.3
    Asian Indian 16,887 0.3 31,704 0.6 14,817 87.7
    Chinese 16,060 0.3 26,214 0.5 10,154 63.2
    Filipino 6,284 0.1 8,902 0.2 2,618 41.7
    Japanese 3,816 0.1 4,207 0.1 391 10.2
    Korean 12,584 0.3 13,645 0.3 1,061 8.4
    Vietnamese 18,824 0.4 24,637 0.5 5,813 30.9
    Other Asian 67,513 1.4 106,961 2.0 39,448 58.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,979 0.0 763 0.0 -1,216 -61.4
    Native Hawaiian 593 0.0 406 0.0 -187 -31.5
    Guamanian or Chamorro 266 0.0 0 0.0 -266 -100.0
    Samoan 508 0.0 238 0.0 -270 -53.1
    Other Pacific Islander 612 0.0 119 0.0 -493 -80.6
  Some other race 65,810 1.3 74,998 1.4 9,188 14.0
Two or more races 82,742 1.7 134,971 2.5 52,229 63.1
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 4,466,325 90.8 4,699,947 87.9 233,622 5.2
  Black or African American 202,972 4.1 340,401 6.4 137,429 67.7
  American Indian and Alaska Native 81,074 1.6 106,988 2.0 25,914 32.0
  Asian 162,414 3.3 252,051 4.7 89,637 55.2
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 5,867 0.1 4,079 0.1 -1,788 -30.5
  Some other race 89,042 1.8 87,361 1.6 -1,681 -1.9
Hispanic 143,382 2.9 257,186 4.8 113,804 79.4

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 1,895,127 (2000) to 2,096,477 (2011) -- a change of 201,350 ( 10.62%). The number of families increased from 1,255,141 (2000) to 1,356,466 (2011) -- a change of 101,325 ( 8.07%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 1,895,127 100.0 2,096,477 100.0 201,350 10.6
  Family households (families) 1,255,141 66.2 1,356,466 64.7 101,325 8.1
    Married-couple family 1,018,245 53.7 1,066,483 50.9 48,238 4.7
  Nonfamily households 639,986 33.8 740,011 35.3 100,025 15.6
    Householder living alone 509,468 26.9 600,179 28.6 90,711 17.8
      Householder 65 years and over 177,056 9.3 208,334 9.9 31,278 17.7

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 912,672 (2000) to 958,243 (2011) -- a change of 45,571 ( 4.99%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 3,164,345 100.0 3,560,801 100.0 396,456 12.5
  Less than 9th grade 158,858 5.0 116,545 3.3 -42,313 -26.6
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 222,487 7.0 167,364 4.7 -55,123 -24.8
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 912,672 28.8 958,243 26.9 45,571 5.0
  Some college, no degree 759,153 24.0 797,766 22.4 38,613 5.1
  Associate's degree 243,093 7.7 368,032 10.3 124,939 51.4
  Bachelor's degree 605,210 19.1 777,339 21.8 172,129 28.4
  Graduate or professional degree 262,872 8.3 375,512 10.5 112,640 42.8
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 87.9... 92.0 4.1 4.7
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 27.4... 32.4 5.0 18.2

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 1,362,507 (2000) to 1,423,499 (2011) -- a change of 60,992 ( 4.48%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,362,507 100.0 1,423,499 100.0 60,992 4.5
  Nursery school, preschool 90,516 6.6 93,785 6.6 3,269 3.6
  Kindergarten 71,974 5.3 72,448 5.1 474 0.7
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 595,721 43.7 562,788 39.5 -32,933 -5.5
  High school (grades 9-12) 308,038 22.6 295,125 20.7 -12,913 -4.2
  College or graduate school 296,258 21.7 399,353 28.1 103,095 34.8

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 167,511 (2000) to 212,886 (2011) -- a change of 45,375 ( 27.09%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 4,591,491 100.0 4,992,262 100.0 400,771 8.7
  English only 4,201,503 91.5 4,451,639 89.2 250,136 6.0
  Language other than English 389,988 8.5 540,623 10.8 150,635 38.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 167,511 3.6 212,886 4.3 45,375 27.1
  Spanish 132,066 2.9 195,885 3.9 63,819 48.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 61,817 1.3 83,809 1.7 21,992 35.6
  Other Indo-European languages 110,644 2.4 108,449 2.2 -2,195 -2.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 30,433 0.7 25,784 0.5 -4,649 -15.3
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 103,520 2.3 150,025 3.0 46,505 44.9
    Speak English less than "very well" 57,969 1.3 68,330 1.4 10,361 17.9

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 2,580,046 (2000) to 2,728,881 (2011) -- a change of 148,835 ( 5.77%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 3,781,756 100.0 4,210,464 100.0 428,708 11.3
  In labor force 2,691,709 71.2 2,957,043 70.2 265,334 9.9
    Civilian labor force 2,689,115 71.1 2,955,217 70.2 266,102 9.9
      Employed 2,580,046 68.2 2,728,881 64.8 148,835 5.8
      Unemployed 109,069 2.9 226,336 5.4 117,267 107.5
      Percent of civilian labor force... 4.1... 7.7 3.6 87.8
    Armed Forces 2,594 0.1 1,826 0.0 -768 -29.6
  Not in labor force 1,090,047 28.8 1,253,421 29.8 163,374 15.0

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 2,580,046 100.0 2,728,881 100.0 148,835 5.8
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 67,883 2.6 68,563 2.5 680 1.0
  Construction 153,267 5.9 143,153 5.2 -10,114 -6.6
  Manufacturing 419,271 16.3 368,974 13.5 -50,297 -12.0
  Wholesale trade 92,854 3.6 80,972 3.0 -11,882 -12.8
  Retail trade 307,714 11.9 312,709 11.5 4,995 1.6
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 131,683 5.1 122,270 4.5 -9,413 -7.1
  Information 65,460 2.5 49,098 1.8 -16,362 -25.0
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 184,874 7.2 189,731 7.0 4,857 2.6
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 227,064 8.8 268,147 9.8 41,083 18.1
  Educational, health and social services 539,111 20.9 680,110 24.9 140,999 26.2
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 186,001 7.2 227,347 8.3 41,346 22.2
  Other services (except public administration) 118,322 4.6 124,168 4.6 5,846 4.9
  Public administration 86,542 3.4 93,639 3.4 7,097 8.2

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 2,972,969 (May 2012) to 2,975,622 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 2,653 ( 0.1%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force2,972,9692,971,2592,971,8952,969,0612,972,7002,975,622
  Employed2,807,2612,805,1682,799,5232,793,6842,799,4722,801,613
  Unemployed165,708166,091172,372175,377173,228174,009
  Unemployment rate 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.8

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 21.9 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 2,541,611). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 23.0 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 2,684,968).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 42.99% ( 1,973,892) of the population 5 years and over ( 4,591,491) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 14.63% ( 771,867) of the population 1 year and over ( 5,277,329) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $47,111 (2000) to $56,954 (2011) -- a change of $9,843 ( 20.89%). The per capita income increased from $23,198 (2000) to $29,404 (2011) -- a change of $6,206 ( 26.75%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income increased from $56,936 (2010) to $56,954 (2011) -- a change of $18 ( 0.03%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.440 (2010) to 0.444 (2011) -- a change of 0.004 ( 0.909%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 1,896,209 100.0 2,096,477 100.0 200,268 10.6
  Less than $10,000 127,955 6.7 132,710 6.3 4,755 3.7
  $10,000 to $14,999 102,205 5.4 97,733 4.7 -4,472 -4.4
  $15,000 to $24,999 216,089 11.4 202,403 9.7 -13,686 -6.3
  $25,000 to $34,999 234,300 12.4 199,276 9.5 -35,024 -14.9
  $35,000 to $49,999 322,529 17.0 285,734 13.6 -36,795 -11.4
  $50,000 to $74,999 424,867 22.4 416,640 19.9 -8,227 -1.9
  $75,000 to $99,999 228,834 12.1 286,361 13.7 57,527 25.1
  $100,000 to $149,999 156,565 8.3 295,070 14.1 138,505 88.5
  $150,000 to $199,999 40,734 2.1 96,426 4.6 55,692 136.7
  $200,000 or more 42,131 2.2 84,124 4.0 41,993 99.7
  Median household income (dollars) 47,111... 56,954... 9,843 20.9
  Median family income (dollars) 56,874... 71,321... 14,447 25.4
  Per capita income (dollars) 23,198... 29,404... 6,206 26.8

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $238,514M (2011Q2) to $247,008M (2012Q2) -- a change of $8,494M ( 3.6%). Per capita personal income increased from $44,913 (2011Q2) to $46,214 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,887 ( 4.2%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 236,880238,514237,989239,279244,755247,008
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 231,553233,309232,942234,282238,937240,886
  Farm income 10.2/ 5,3275,2055,0484,9975,8186,122
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 179,899181,136180,242181,246186,039187,426
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 18,75318,90718,81018,91219,39519,467
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 8,5008,5498,4728,5148,6808,711
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 10,25310,35810,33810,39910,71510,756
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -1,281-1,255-1,166-1,119-1,121-1,095
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 159,866160,975160,266161,215165,523166,864
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 38,37038,92039,09139,35639,81840,593
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 38,64438,62038,63238,70939,41439,552
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 129,189130,105129,404130,004133,395134,100
Supplements to wages and salaries 30,24030,52630,47430,80331,34831,504
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 19,98820,16820,13620,40420,63320,747
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 10,25310,35810,33810,39910,71510,756
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 20,47020,50520,36420,43921,29621,822
  Farm proprietors' income 4,8334,7094,5514,5005,0995,492
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 15,63715,79615,81315,93916,19716,330
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 44,60544,91344,81445,05745,79346,214

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 5.08 (2000) to 7.60 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 7.94 (2000) to 11.90 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 5,286,728) with health insurance was 4,819,295. Of those with health insurance, 3,989,344 had private health insurance and 1,454,394 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 15.01% ( 679,236) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 4,526,211) had a disability. In 2011, 10.08% ( 532,902) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 5,286,728) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 2,065,946 (2000) to 2,354,075 (2011) -- a change of 288,129 ( 13.95%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 2,065,946 100.0 2,354,075 100.0 288,129 13.9
  Occupied housing units 1,895,127 91.7 2,096,477 89.1 201,350 10.6
    Owner-occupied housing units 1,412,865 68.4 1,525,449 64.8 112,584 8.0
    Renter-occupied housing units 482,262 23.3 571,028 24.3 88,766 18.4
  Vacant housing units 170,819 8.3 257,598 10.9 86,779 50.8

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $122,400 (2000) to $183,500 (2011) -- a change of $61,100 ( 49.92%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 1,412,865 100.0 1,525,449 100.0 112,584 8.0
  Less than $50,000 85,915 6.1 93,527 6.1 7,612 8.9
  $50,000 to $99,999 306,642 21.7 165,280 10.8 -141,362 -46.1
  $100,000 to $149,999 366,474 25.9 260,784 17.1 -105,690 -28.8
  $150,000 to $199,999 185,489 13.1 336,656 22.1 151,167 81.5
  $200,000 to $299,999 115,472 8.2 373,386 24.5 257,914 223.4
  $300,000 to $499,999 44,497 3.1 214,508 14.1 170,011 382.1
  $500,000 to $999,999 10,898 0.8 67,978 4.5 57,080 523.8
  $1,000,000 or more 2,102 0.1 13,330 0.9 11,228 534.2
Median value (dollars) 122,400... 183,500... 61,100 49.9

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $566 (2000) to $787 (2011) -- a change of $221 ( 39.05%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,044 (2000) to $1,481 (2011) -- a change of $437 ( 41.86%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 829,081 100.0 1,065,984 100.0 236,903 28.6
  Less than $300 4,281 0.5 1,450 0.1 -2,831 -66.1
  $300 to $499 43,971 5.3 15,281 1.4 -28,690 -65.2
  $500 to $699 105,674 12.7 46,213 4.3 -59,461 -56.3
  $700 to $999 230,999 27.9 137,304 12.9 -93,695 -40.6
  $1,000 to $1,499 278,253 33.6 346,685 32.5 68,432 24.6
  $1,500 to $1,999 102,140 12.3 266,714 25.0 164,574 161.1
  $2,000 or more 63,763 7.7 252,337 23.7 188,574 295.7
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,044... 1,481... 437 41.9
Housing units without a mortgage 288,408 34.8 459,465 100.0 171,057 59.3
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 271... 455... 184 67.9


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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