Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Mississippi

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Mississippi total population increased from 2,844,658 (2000) to 2,978,512 (2011) -- a change of 133,854 ( 4.71%). The median age increased from 33.8 (2000) to 36.1 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 570,823 (2000) to 546,544 (2011) -- a change of -24,279 ( -4.25%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 2,844,658 100.0 2,978,512 100.0 133,854 4.7
  Male 1,373,554 48.3 1,446,634 48.6 73,080 5.3
  Female 1,471,104 51.7 1,531,878 51.4 60,774 4.1
  Under 5 years 204,364 7.2 205,397 6.9 1,033 0.5
  5 to 9 years 216,920 7.6 201,625 6.8 -15,295 -7.1
  10 to 14 years 218,742 7.7 221,471 7.4 2,729 1.2
  15 to 19 years 233,188 8.2 227,452 7.6 -5,736 -2.5
  20 to 24 years 212,947 7.5 209,859 7.0 -3,088 -1.5
  25 to 34 years 381,798 13.4 377,837 12.7 -3,961 -1.0
  35 to 44 years 425,372 15.0 382,042 12.8 -43,330 -10.2
  45 to 54 years 361,981 12.7 405,092 13.6 43,111 11.9
  55 to 59 years 132,202 4.6 189,562 6.4 57,360 43.4
  60 to 64 years 113,621 4.0 171,152 5.7 57,531 50.6
  65 to 74 years 185,710 6.5 219,164 7.4 33,454 18.0
  75 to 84 years 114,922 4.0 124,616 4.2 9,694 8.4
  85 years and over 42,891 1.5 43,243 1.5 352 0.8
  Median age 33.8... 36.1... 2.3 6.8

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4107,4653.6103,4913.5
  5- 9105,0423.5100,6303.4
  10-14106,6063.6101,6423.4
  15-19114,1453.8110,4743.7
  20-24105,4333.6105,4613.6
  25-2998,6103.3100,4723.4
  30-3492,4613.195,7103.2
  35-3991,3643.196,0043.2
  40-4491,6643.195,9153.2
  45-49101,2713.4107,0983.6
  50-54100,9943.4107,6133.6
  55-5989,3213.097,2483.3
  60-6477,1112.683,6452.8
  65-6956,2001.964,3232.2
  70-7442,2281.451,7181.7
  75-7928,9131.040,9631.4
  80-8419,3660.732,3371.1
  85+ 13,0460.431,3131.1

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 18,626 (2000) to 27,077 (2011) -- a change of 8,451 ( 45.37%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 1,901 (2000) to 1,031 (2011) -- a change of -870 ( -45.77%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 2,844,658 100.0 2,978,512 100.0 133,854 4.7
One Race 2,824,637 99.3 2,944,170 98.8 119,533 4.2
  White 1,746,099 61.4 1,770,546 59.4 24,447 1.4
  Black or African American 1,033,809 36.3 1,115,359 37.4 81,550 7.9
  American Indian and Alaska Native 11,652 0.4 11,815 0.4 163 1.4
  Asian 18,626 0.7 27,077 0.9 8,451 45.4
    Asian Indian 3,827 0.1 4,206 0.1 379 9.9
    Chinese 3,099 0.1 6,283 0.2 3,184 102.7
    Filipino 2,608 0.1 3,396 0.1 788 30.2
    Japanese 766 0.0 762 0.0 -4 -0.5
    Korean 1,334 0.0 1,116 0.0 -218 -16.3
    Vietnamese 5,387 0.2 10,040 0.3 4,653 86.4
    Other Asian 1,605 0.1 1,274 0.0 -331 -20.6
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 667 0.0 108 0.0 -559 -83.8
    Native Hawaiian 197 0.0 -1 0.0 -198 -100.5
    Guamanian or Chamorro 213 0.0 -1 0.0 -214 -100.5
    Samoan 157 0.0 -1 0.0 -158 -100.6
    Other Pacific Islander 100 0.0 -1 0.0 -101 -101.0
  Some other race 13,784 0.5 19,265 0.6 5,481 39.8
Two or more races 20,021 0.7 34,342 1.2 14,321 71.5
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 1,761,658 61.9 1,800,210 60.4 38,552 2.2
  Black or African American 1,041,708 36.6 1,135,835 38.1 94,127 9.0
  American Indian and Alaska Native 19,555 0.7 22,579 0.8 3,024 15.5
  Asian 23,281 0.8 32,073 1.1 8,792 37.8
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,901 0.1 1,031 0.0 -870 -45.8
  Some other race 18,635 0.7 24,412 0.8 5,777 31.0
Hispanic 39,569 1.4 81,113 2.7 41,544 105.0

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 1,046,434 (2000) to 1,080,991 (2011) -- a change of 34,557 ( 3.30%). The number of families decreased from 747,159 (2000) to 740,958 (2011) -- a change of -6,201 ( -0.83%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 1,046,434 100.0 1,080,991 100.0 34,557 3.3
  Family households (families) 747,159 71.4 740,958 68.5 -6,201 -0.8
    Married-couple family 520,844 49.8 487,509 45.1 -33,335 -6.4
  Nonfamily households 299,275 28.6 340,033 31.5 40,758 13.6
    Householder living alone 257,708 24.6 297,896 27.6 40,188 15.6
      Householder 65 years and over 100,616 9.6 105,609 9.8 4,993 5.0

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 516,091 (2000) to 578,273 (2011) -- a change of 62,182 ( 12.05%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 1,757,517 100.0 1,912,708 100.0 155,191 8.8
  Less than 9th grade 169,178 9.6 125,696 6.6 -43,482 -25.7
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 307,852 17.5 235,234 12.3 -72,618 -23.6
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 516,091 29.4 578,273 30.2 62,182 12.0
  Some college, no degree 366,744 20.9 434,694 22.7 67,950 18.5
  Associate's degree 100,561 5.7 159,186 8.3 58,625 58.3
  Bachelor's degree 194,325 11.1 240,726 12.6 46,401 23.9
  Graduate or professional degree 102,766 5.8 138,899 7.3 36,133 35.2
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 72.9... 81.1 8.2 11.2
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 16.9... 19.8 2.9 17.2

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 789,903 (2000) to 830,815 (2011) -- a change of 40,912 ( 5.18%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 789,903 100.0 830,815 100.0 40,912 5.2
  Nursery school, preschool 54,058 6.8 55,300 6.7 1,242 2.3
  Kindergarten 47,384 6.0 44,214 5.3 -3,170 -6.7
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 363,300 46.0 338,221 40.7 -25,079 -6.9
  High school (grades 9-12) 172,164 21.8 174,839 21.0 2,675 1.6
  College or graduate school 152,997 19.4 218,241 26.3 65,244 42.6

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 36,059 (2000) to 46,643 (2011) -- a change of 10,584 ( 29.35%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 2,641,453 100.0 2,773,115 100.0 131,662 5.0
  English only 2,545,931 96.4 2,667,929 96.2 121,998 4.8
  Language other than English 95,522 3.6 105,186 3.8 9,664 10.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 36,059 1.4 46,643 1.7 10,584 29.4
  Spanish 50,515 1.9 62,270 2.2 11,755 23.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 20,856 0.8 31,230 1.1 10,374 49.7
  Other Indo-European languages 23,700 0.9 14,812 0.5 -8,888 -37.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 5,805 0.2 3,377 0.1 -2,428 -41.8
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 13,558 0.5 20,177 0.7 6,619 48.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 6,303 0.2 9,516 0.3 3,213 51.0

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 1,173,314 (2000) to 1,181,295 (2011) -- a change of 7,981 ( 0.68%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 2,158,941 100.0 2,310,003 100.0 151,062 7.0
  In labor force 1,282,757 59.4 1,344,031 58.2 61,274 4.8
    Civilian labor force 1,267,092 58.7 1,332,465 57.7 65,373 5.2
      Employed 1,173,314 54.3 1,181,295 51.1 7,981 0.7
      Unemployed 93,778 4.3 151,170 6.5 57,392 61.2
      Percent of civilian labor force... 7.4... 11.3 3.9 52.7
    Armed Forces 15,665 0.7 11,566 0.5 -4,099 -26.2
  Not in labor force 876,184 40.6 965,972 41.8 89,788 10.2

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 1,173,314 100.0 1,181,295 100.0 7,981 0.7
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 39,473 3.4 35,235 3.0 -4,238 -10.7
  Construction 88,818 7.6 84,051 7.1 -4,767 -5.4
  Manufacturing 215,203 18.3 151,605 12.8 -63,598 -29.6
  Wholesale trade 39,717 3.4 34,232 2.9 -5,485 -13.8
  Retail trade 138,646 11.8 129,634 11.0 -9,012 -6.5
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 63,189 5.4 64,795 5.5 1,606 2.5
  Information 21,449 1.8 14,895 1.3 -6,554 -30.6
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 55,744 4.8 63,622 5.4 7,878 14.1
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 60,557 5.2 72,758 6.2 12,201 20.1
  Educational, health and social services 236,382 20.1 296,732 25.1 60,350 25.5
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 97,698 8.3 110,129 9.3 12,431 12.7
  Other services (except public administration) 56,215 4.8 57,452 4.9 1,237 2.2
  Public administration 60,223 5.1 66,155 5.6 5,932 9.9

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 1,336,299 (May 2012) to 1,337,718 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 1,419 ( 0.1%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force1,336,2991,336,0111,332,9771,333,3711,335,9231,337,718
  Employed1,219,7821,217,9281,210,9331,211,3781,212,9231,218,261
  Unemployed116,517118,083122,044121,993123,000119,457
  Unemployment rate 8.7 8.8 9.2 9.1 9.2 8.9

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 24.6 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,164,118). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 23.9 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 1,163,676).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 41.52% ( 1,096,607) of the population 5 years and over ( 2,641,453) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 13.90% ( 408,985) of the population 1 year and over ( 2,943,021) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $31,330 (2000) to $36,919 (2011) -- a change of $5,589 ( 17.84%). The per capita income increased from $15,853 (2000) to $19,583 (2011) -- a change of $3,730 ( 23.53%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $37,838 (2010) to $36,919 (2011) -- a change of ($919) ( -2.43%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.468 (2010) to 0.474 (2011) -- a change of 0.006 ( 1.282%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 1,047,555 100.0 1,080,991 100.0 33,436 3.2
  Less than $10,000 169,227 16.2 131,206 12.1 -38,021 -22.5
  $10,000 to $14,999 92,129 8.8 88,715 8.2 -3,414 -3.7
  $15,000 to $24,999 164,830 15.7 159,281 14.7 -5,549 -3.4
  $25,000 to $34,999 147,966 14.1 134,542 12.4 -13,424 -9.1
  $35,000 to $49,999 171,410 16.4 161,124 14.9 -10,286 -6.0
  $50,000 to $74,999 168,393 16.1 178,914 16.6 10,521 6.2
  $75,000 to $99,999 70,718 6.8 102,581 9.5 31,863 45.1
  $100,000 to $149,999 40,339 3.9 80,146 7.4 39,807 98.7
  $150,000 to $199,999 9,904 0.9 24,260 2.2 14,356 145.0
  $200,000 or more 12,639 1.2 20,222 1.9 7,583 60.0
  Median household income (dollars) 31,330... 36,919... 5,589 17.8
  Median family income (dollars) 37,406... 46,304... 8,898 23.8
  Per capita income (dollars) 15,853... 19,583... 3,730 23.5

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $95,148M (2011Q2) to $98,027M (2012Q2) -- a change of $2,879M ( 3.0%). Per capita personal income increased from $32,036 (2011Q2) to $32,911 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,061 ( 3.3%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 94,59095,14895,61995,89596,86398,027
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 93,47294,02194,48894,80095,67796,632
  Farm income 10.2/ 1,1181,1261,1311,0951,1861,396
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 61,82762,05162,48062,64063,65164,329
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 6,3856,4596,5456,5856,7016,736
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 3,1143,1453,1813,2053,2353,253
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 3,2713,3143,3643,3813,4663,483
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 2,8682,9032,9272,9323,0213,054
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 58,30958,49658,86158,98759,97060,647
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 11,60311,87811,97612,07012,00512,261
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 24,67824,77424,78124,83924,88725,119
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 42,01642,08742,31842,35043,02143,321
Supplements to wages and salaries 11,79711,90712,04812,15212,20112,280
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 8,5268,5938,6848,7718,7358,797
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 3,2713,3143,3643,3813,4663,483
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 8,0138,0578,1138,1388,4298,728
  Farm proprietors' income 9369459499139511,190
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 7,0777,1137,1657,2267,4787,537
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 31,84832,03632,19532,28732,52132,911

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 15.96 (2000) to 17.40 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 19.93 (2000) to 22.60 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 2,911,811) with health insurance was 2,395,398. Of those with health insurance, 1,640,225 had private health insurance and 1,053,252 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 23.59% ( 607,570) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 2,575,139) had a disability. In 2011, 16.19% ( 471,504) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 2,911,811) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 1,161,953 (2000) to 1,281,760 (2011) -- a change of 119,807 ( 10.31%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 1,161,953 100.0 1,281,760 100.0 119,807 10.3
  Occupied housing units 1,046,434 90.1 1,080,991 84.3 34,557 3.3
    Owner-occupied housing units 756,967 65.1 754,663 58.9 -2,304 -0.3
    Renter-occupied housing units 289,467 24.9 326,328 25.5 36,861 12.7
  Vacant housing units 115,519 9.9 200,769 15.7 85,250 73.8

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $71,400 (2000) to $99,900 (2011) -- a change of $28,500 ( 39.92%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 756,967 100.0 754,663 100.0 -2,304 -0.3
  Less than $50,000 151,982 20.1 162,076 21.5 10,094 6.6
  $50,000 to $99,999 234,011 30.9 215,691 28.6 -18,320 -7.8
  $100,000 to $149,999 82,508 10.9 137,578 18.2 55,070 66.7
  $150,000 to $199,999 33,465 4.4 105,128 13.9 71,663 214.1
  $200,000 to $299,999 20,681 2.7 85,859 11.4 65,178 315.2
  $300,000 to $499,999 7,009 0.9 33,903 4.5 26,894 383.7
  $500,000 to $999,999 1,733 0.2 10,884 1.4 9,151 528.0
  $1,000,000 or more 902 0.1 3,544 0.5 2,642 292.9
Median value (dollars) 71,400... 99,900... 28,500 39.9

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $439 (2000) to $689 (2011) -- a change of $250 ( 56.95%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $752 (2000) to $1,048 (2011) -- a change of $296 ( 39.36%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 330,697 100.0 409,463 100.0 78,766 23.8
  Less than $300 9,848 3.0 1,898 0.5 -7,950 -80.7
  $300 to $499 51,018 15.4 17,615 4.3 -33,403 -65.5
  $500 to $699 83,384 25.2 58,587 14.3 -24,797 -29.7
  $700 to $999 100,425 30.4 111,090 27.1 10,665 10.6
  $1,000 to $1,499 60,236 18.2 131,475 32.1 71,239 118.3
  $1,500 to $1,999 16,843 5.1 52,765 12.9 35,922 213.3
  $2,000 or more 8,943 2.7 36,033 8.8 27,090 302.9
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 752... 1,048... 296 39.4
Housing units without a mortgage 201,594 61.0 345,200 100.0 143,606 71.2
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 232... 332... 100 43.1


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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