Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Montana

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Montana total population increased from 902,195 (2000) to 998,199 (2011) -- a change of 96,004 ( 10.64%). The median age increased from 37.5 (2000) to 39.7 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 175,193 (2000) to 162,622 (2011) -- a change of -12,571 ( -7.18%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 902,195 100.0 998,199 100.0 96,004 10.6
  Male 449,480 49.8 500,311 50.1 50,831 11.3
  Female 452,715 50.2 497,888 49.9 45,173 10.0
  Under 5 years 54,869 6.1 60,449 6.1 5,580 10.2
  5 to 9 years 61,963 6.9 63,828 6.4 1,865 3.0
  10 to 14 years 69,298 7.7 59,101 5.9 -10,197 -14.7
  15 to 19 years 71,310 7.9 66,109 6.6 -5,201 -7.3
  20 to 24 years 58,379 6.5 71,919 7.2 13,540 23.2
  25 to 34 years 103,279 11.4 125,005 12.5 21,726 21.0
  35 to 44 years 141,941 15.7 110,809 11.1 -31,132 -21.9
  45 to 54 years 135,088 15.0 144,371 14.5 9,283 6.9
  55 to 59 years 47,174 5.2 79,474 8.0 32,300 68.5
  60 to 64 years 37,945 4.2 66,158 6.6 28,213 74.4
  65 to 74 years 62,519 6.9 83,894 8.4 21,375 34.2
  75 to 84 years 43,093 4.8 46,847 4.7 3,754 8.7
  85 years and over 15,337 1.7 20,235 2.0 4,898 31.9
  Median age 37.5... 39.7... 2.2 5.9

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 432,1293.230,2943.1
  5- 930,9323.129,8333.0
  10-1431,6203.229,5043.0
  15-1934,5153.532,2093.3
  20-2434,9393.532,1993.3
  25-2933,1353.330,9883.1
  30-3430,2093.128,5322.9
  35-3928,3552.927,2202.8
  40-4428,8482.928,5222.9
  45-4935,2343.635,7873.6
  50-5438,7473.940,0644.0
  55-5937,8353.838,0803.8
  60-6432,1243.230,8193.1
  65-6923,4552.423,1012.3
  70-7416,8061.717,3801.8
  75-7911,9871.213,6501.4
  80-848,7810.911,5611.2
  85+ 7,0160.713,0051.3

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 4,691 (2000) to 5,714 (2011) -- a change of 1,023 ( 21.81%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 1,077 (2000) to 1,855 (2011) -- a change of 778 ( 72.24%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 902,195 100.0 998,199 100.0 96,004 10.6
One Race 886,465 98.3 974,074 97.6 87,609 9.9
  White 817,229 90.6 891,294 89.3 74,065 9.1
  Black or African American 2,692 0.3 4,305 0.4 1,613 59.9
  American Indian and Alaska Native 56,068 6.2 66,644 6.7 10,576 18.9
  Asian 4,691 0.5 5,714 0.6 1,023 21.8
    Asian Indian 379 0.0 786 0.1 407 107.4
    Chinese 827 0.1 820 0.1 -7 -0.8
    Filipino 859 0.1 1,349 0.1 490 57.0
    Japanese 885 0.1 1,342 0.1 457 51.6
    Korean 833 0.1 693 0.1 -140 -16.8
    Vietnamese 199 0.0 183 0.0 -16 -8.0
    Other Asian 709 0.1 541 0.1 -168 -23.7
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 470 0.1 968 0.1 498 106.0
    Native Hawaiian 217 0.0 -1 0.0 -218 -100.5
    Guamanian or Chamorro 73 0.0 -1 0.0 -74 -101.4
    Samoan 72 0.0 -1 0.0 -73 -101.4
    Other Pacific Islander 108 0.0 -1 0.0 -109 -100.9
  Some other race 5,315 0.6 5,149 0.5 -166 -3.1
Two or more races 15,730 1.7 24,125 2.4 8,395 53.4
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 831,978 92.2 914,605 91.6 82,627 9.9
  Black or African American 4,441 0.5 7,100 0.7 2,659 59.9
  American Indian and Alaska Native 66,320 7.4 84,557 8.5 18,237 27.5
  Asian 7,101 0.8 10,043 1.0 2,942 41.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,077 0.1 1,855 0.2 778 72.2
  Some other race 7,834 0.9 6,218 0.6 -1,616 -20.6
Hispanic 18,081 2.0 29,331 2.9 11,250 62.2

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 358,667 (2000) to 404,250 (2011) -- a change of 45,583 ( 12.71%). The number of families increased from 237,407 (2000) to 253,131 (2011) -- a change of 15,724 ( 6.62%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 358,667 100.0 404,250 100.0 45,583 12.7
  Family households (families) 237,407 66.2 253,131 62.6 15,724 6.6
    Married-couple family 192,067 53.6 199,556 49.4 7,489 3.9
  Nonfamily households 121,260 33.8 151,119 37.4 29,859 24.6
    Householder living alone 98,422 27.4 123,553 30.6 25,131 25.5
      Householder 65 years and over 35,991 10.0 45,558 11.3 9,567 26.6

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 183,415 (2000) to 206,699 (2011) -- a change of 23,284 ( 12.69%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 586,621 100.0 676,793 100.0 90,172 15.4
  Less than 9th grade 25,200 4.3 13,638 2.0 -11,562 -45.9
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 50,158 8.6 38,609 5.7 -11,549 -23.0
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 183,415 31.3 206,699 30.5 23,284 12.7
  Some college, no degree 150,467 25.6 170,070 25.1 19,603 13.0
  Associate's degree 34,420 5.9 56,859 8.4 22,439 65.2
  Bachelor's degree 100,758 17.2 132,946 19.6 32,188 31.9
  Graduate or professional degree 42,203 7.2 57,972 8.6 15,769 37.4
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 87.2... 92.3 5.1 5.8
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 24.4... 28.2 3.8 15.6

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 241,754 (2000) to 242,981 (2011) -- a change of 1,227 ( 0.51%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 241,754 100.0 242,981 100.0 1,227 0.5
  Nursery school, preschool 13,694 5.7 17,521 7.2 3,827 27.9
  Kindergarten 12,033 5.0 13,763 5.7 1,730 14.4
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 108,571 44.9 94,501 38.9 -14,070 -13.0
  High school (grades 9-12) 56,201 23.2 50,108 20.6 -6,093 -10.8
  College or graduate school 51,255 21.2 67,088 27.6 15,833 30.9

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," decreased from 12,663 (2000) to 7,124 (2011) -- a change of -5,539 ( -43.74%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 847,362 100.0 937,750 100.0 90,388 10.7
  English only 803,031 94.8 894,090 95.3 91,059 11.3
  Language other than English 44,331 5.2 43,660 4.7 -671 -1.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 12,663 1.5 7,124 0.8 -5,539 -43.7
  Spanish 12,953 1.5 15,262 1.6 2,309 17.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 3,411 0.4 2,400 0.3 -1,011 -29.6
  Other Indo-European languages 17,978 2.1 12,448 1.3 -5,530 -30.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 5,065 0.6 2,167 0.2 -2,898 -57.2
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 3,066 0.4 3,753 0.4 687 22.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 1,323 0.2 1,982 0.2 659 49.8

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 425,977 (2000) to 479,988 (2011) -- a change of 54,011 ( 12.68%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 701,168 100.0 801,174 100.0 100,006 14.3
  In labor force 458,306 65.4 524,369 65.5 66,063 14.4
    Civilian labor force 454,687 64.8 521,313 65.1 66,626 14.7
      Employed 425,977 60.8 479,988 59.9 54,011 12.7
      Unemployed 28,710 4.1 41,325 5.2 12,615 43.9
      Percent of civilian labor force... 6.3... 7.9 1.6 25.4
    Armed Forces 3,619 0.5 3,056 0.4 -563 -15.6
  Not in labor force 242,862 34.6 276,805 34.5 33,943 14.0

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 425,977 100.0 479,988 100.0 54,011 12.7
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 33,691 7.9 34,708 7.2 1,017 3.0
  Construction 31,724 7.4 36,818 7.7 5,094 16.1
  Manufacturing 25,414 6.0 20,326 4.2 -5,088 -20.0
  Wholesale trade 12,937 3.0 11,068 2.3 -1,869 -14.4
  Retail trade 54,468 12.8 60,866 12.7 6,398 11.7
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 23,109 5.4 23,098 4.8 -11 0.0
  Information 9,283 2.2 9,094 1.9 -189 -2.0
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 23,351 5.5 26,018 5.4 2,667 11.4
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 27,654 6.5 36,746 7.7 9,092 32.9
  Educational, health and social services 92,445 21.7 111,945 23.3 19,500 21.1
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 44,135 10.4 56,772 11.8 12,637 28.6
  Other services (except public administration) 22,471 5.3 23,914 5.0 1,443 6.4
  Public administration 25,295 5.9 28,615 6.0 3,320 13.1

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 509,649 (May 2012) to 510,551 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 902 ( 0.2%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force509,649510,784510,268509,943509,674510,551
  Employed477,666478,672477,794477,570478,626480,153
  Unemployed31,98332,11232,47432,37331,04830,398
  Unemployment rate 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 17.7 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 422,159). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 18.2 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 470,715).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 46.42% ( 393,367) of the population 5 years and over ( 847,362) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 16.09% ( 158,822) of the population 1 year and over ( 987,076) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $33,024 (2000) to $44,222 (2011) -- a change of $11,198 ( 33.91%). The per capita income increased from $17,151 (2000) to $23,893 (2011) -- a change of $6,742 ( 39.31%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income increased from $44,145 (2010) to $44,222 (2011) -- a change of $77 ( 0.17%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.435 (2010) to 0.435 (2011) -- a change of 0.000 ( 0.000%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 359,070 100.0 404,250 100.0 45,180 12.6
  Less than $10,000 40,535 11.3 28,973 7.2 -11,562 -28.5
  $10,000 to $14,999 31,864 8.9 28,683 7.1 -3,181 -10.0
  $15,000 to $24,999 61,573 17.1 53,957 13.3 -7,616 -12.4
  $25,000 to $34,999 55,217 15.4 49,272 12.2 -5,945 -10.8
  $35,000 to $49,999 65,393 18.2 66,320 16.4 927 1.4
  $50,000 to $74,999 61,505 17.1 77,711 19.2 16,206 26.3
  $75,000 to $99,999 23,007 6.4 46,199 11.4 23,192 100.8
  $100,000 to $149,999 13,071 3.6 36,027 8.9 22,956 175.6
  $150,000 to $199,999 3,182 0.9 9,173 2.3 5,991 188.3
  $200,000 or more 3,723 1.0 7,935 2.0 4,212 113.1
  Median household income (dollars) 33,024... 44,222... 11,198 33.9
  Median family income (dollars) 40,487... 56,217... 15,730 38.9
  Per capita income (dollars) 17,151... 23,893... 6,742 39.3

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $35,885M (2011Q2) to $37,603M (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,718M ( 4.8%). Per capita personal income increased from $36,215 (2011Q2) to $37,671 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,999 ( 5.5%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 35,57935,88535,94736,39437,33437,603
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 34,93535,26935,35635,82336,34036,591
  Farm income 10.2/ 6446165915729941,012
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 24,07724,35224,46424,92725,72325,767
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 2,7782,8082,8192,8772,9352,924
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 1,2251,2451,2531,2831,2991,295
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 1,5521,5631,5651,5941,6361,630
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 464748494951
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 21,34621,59121,69422,09922,83822,894
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 7,2387,3547,3857,4307,5197,677
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 6,9956,9406,8696,8656,9787,033
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 15,98816,19416,29416,63216,94716,914
Supplements to wages and salaries 4,5844,6384,6534,7554,7854,780
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 3,0323,0753,0883,1623,1493,151
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 1,5521,5631,5651,5941,6361,630
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 3,5063,5203,5173,5403,9924,073
  Farm proprietors' income 450421395376777822
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 3,0563,0993,1223,1643,2153,251
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 35,90636,21536,27736,72837,40137,671

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 10.47 (2000) to 9.70 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 14.61 (2000) to 14.80 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 983,214) with health insurance was 803,639. Of those with health insurance, 642,561 had private health insurance and 290,099 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 17.52% ( 145,732) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 831,694) had a disability. In 2011, 13.28% ( 130,582) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 983,214) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 412,633 (2000) to 489,183 (2011) -- a change of 76,550 ( 18.55%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 412,633 100.0 489,183 100.0 76,550 18.6
  Occupied housing units 358,667 86.9 404,250 82.6 45,583 12.7
    Owner-occupied housing units 247,723 60.0 274,570 56.1 26,847 10.8
    Renter-occupied housing units 110,944 26.9 129,680 26.5 18,736 16.9
  Vacant housing units 53,966 13.1 84,933 17.4 30,967 57.4

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $99,500 (2000) to $184,100 (2011) -- a change of $84,600 ( 85.03%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 247,723 100.0 274,570 100.0 26,847 10.8
  Less than $50,000 19,632 7.9 27,857 10.1 8,225 41.9
  $50,000 to $99,999 63,879 25.8 33,062 12.0 -30,817 -48.2
  $100,000 to $149,999 47,448 19.2 40,811 14.9 -6,637 -14.0
  $150,000 to $199,999 19,070 7.7 49,032 17.9 29,962 157.1
  $200,000 to $299,999 10,633 4.3 66,328 24.2 55,695 523.8
  $300,000 to $499,999 3,610 1.5 36,424 13.3 32,814 909.0
  $500,000 to $999,999 801 0.3 14,932 5.4 14,131 1764.2
  $1,000,000 or more 324 0.1 6,124 2.2 5,800 1790.1
Median value (dollars) 99,500... 184,100... 84,600 85.0

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $447 (2000) to $650 (2011) -- a change of $203 ( 45.41%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $863 (2000) to $1,256 (2011) -- a change of $393 ( 45.54%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 106,560 100.0 159,673 100.0 53,113 49.8
  Less than $300 1,004 0.9 406 0.3 -598 -59.6
  $300 to $499 9,111 8.6 3,153 2.0 -5,958 -65.4
  $500 to $699 21,438 20.1 13,158 8.2 -8,280 -38.6
  $700 to $999 37,729 35.4 33,278 20.8 -4,451 -11.8
  $1,000 to $1,499 27,540 25.8 55,999 35.1 28,459 103.3
  $1,500 to $1,999 6,714 6.3 31,979 20.0 25,265 376.3
  $2,000 or more 3,024 2.8 21,700 13.6 18,676 617.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 863... 1,256... 393 45.5
Housing units without a mortgage 58,837 55.2 114,897 100.0 56,060 95.3
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 261... 369... 108 41.4


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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