Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: New Jersey

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The New Jersey total population increased from 8,414,350 (2000) to 8,821,155 (2011) -- a change of 406,805 ( 4.83%). The median age increased from 36.7 (2000) to 39.2 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,523,773 (2000) to 1,506,881 (2011) -- a change of -16,892 ( -1.11%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 8,414,350 100.0 8,821,155 100.0 406,805 4.8
  Male 4,082,813 48.5 4,298,542 48.7 215,729 5.3
  Female 4,331,537 51.5 4,522,613 51.3 191,076 4.4
  Under 5 years 563,785 6.7 535,544 6.1 -28,241 -5.0
  5 to 9 years 604,529 7.2 560,110 6.3 -44,419 -7.3
  10 to 14 years 590,577 7.0 583,087 6.6 -7,490 -1.3
  15 to 19 years 525,216 6.2 591,453 6.7 66,237 12.6
  20 to 24 years 480,079 5.7 546,348 6.2 66,269 13.8
  25 to 34 years 1,189,040 14.1 1,122,087 12.7 -66,953 -5.6
  35 to 44 years 1,435,106 17.1 1,217,006 13.8 -218,100 -15.2
  45 to 54 years 1,158,898 13.8 1,371,900 15.6 213,002 18.4
  55 to 59 years 423,338 5.0 579,766 6.6 156,428 37.0
  60 to 64 years 330,646 3.9 507,076 5.7 176,430 53.4
  65 to 74 years 574,669 6.8 628,991 7.1 54,322 9.5
  75 to 84 years 402,468 4.8 390,452 4.4 -12,016 -3.0
  85 years and over 135,999 1.6 187,335 2.1 51,336 37.7
  Median age 36.7... 39.2... 2.5 6.8

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4276,2693.1264,7513.0
  5- 9288,6213.3276,1293.1
  10-14300,3163.4287,0193.3
  15-19309,3443.5288,7553.3
  20-24279,4303.2261,8083.0
  25-29277,7753.2275,3643.1
  30-34275,3663.1281,2963.2
  35-39289,3983.3298,9813.4
  40-44317,7033.6332,2153.8
  45-49344,6133.9359,9034.1
  50-54328,1353.7346,5453.9
  55-59272,1863.1293,4373.3
  60-64227,0102.6253,5322.9
  65-69161,6041.8189,3682.2
  70-74115,6661.3144,7961.6
  75-7990,2981.0125,4171.4
  80-8469,5290.8109,7041.2
  85+ 56,3370.6123,2741.4

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 480,276 (2000) to 747,620 (2011) -- a change of 267,344 ( 55.66%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 10,065 (2000) to 12,560 (2011) -- a change of 2,495 ( 24.79%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 8,414,350 100.0 8,821,155 100.0 406,805 4.8
One Race 8,200,595 97.5 8,604,339 97.5 403,744 4.9
  White 6,104,705 72.6 6,104,543 69.2 -162 0.0
  Black or African American 1,141,821 13.6 1,182,905 13.4 41,084 3.6
  American Indian and Alaska Native 19,492 0.2 21,103 0.2 1,611 8.3
  Asian 480,276 5.7 747,620 8.5 267,344 55.7
    Asian Indian 169,180 2.0 299,922 3.4 130,742 77.3
    Chinese 100,355 1.2 142,330 1.6 41,975 41.8
    Filipino 85,245 1.0 113,254 1.3 28,009 32.9
    Japanese 14,672 0.2 12,555 0.1 -2,117 -14.4
    Korean 65,349 0.8 95,613 1.1 30,264 46.3
    Vietnamese 15,180 0.2 30,709 0.3 15,529 102.3
    Other Asian 30,295 0.4 53,237 0.6 22,942 75.7
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,329 0.0 3,365 0.0 36 1.1
    Native Hawaiian 634 0.0 837 0.0 203 32.0
    Guamanian or Chamorro 779 0.0 428 0.0 -351 -45.1
    Samoan 563 0.0 124 0.0 -439 -78.0
    Other Pacific Islander 1,353 0.0 1,976 0.0 623 46.0
  Some other race 450,972 5.4 544,803 6.2 93,831 20.8
Two or more races 213,755 2.5 216,816 2.5 3,061 1.4
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 6,261,187 74.4 6,274,271 71.1 13,084 0.2
  Black or African American 1,211,750 14.4 1,286,782 14.6 75,032 6.2
  American Indian and Alaska Native 49,104 0.6 63,448 0.7 14,344 29.2
  Asian 524,356 6.2 812,989 9.2 288,633 55.0
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 10,065 0.1 12,560 0.1 2,495 24.8
  Some other race 583,527 6.9 606,522 6.9 22,995 3.9
Hispanic 1,117,191 13.3 1,600,690 18.1 483,499 43.3

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 3,064,645 (2000) to 3,167,629 (2011) -- a change of 102,984 ( 3.36%). The number of families increased from 2,154,539 (2000) to 2,191,404 (2011) -- a change of 36,865 ( 1.71%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 3,064,645 100.0 3,167,629 100.0 102,984 3.4
  Family households (families) 2,154,539 70.3 2,191,404 69.2 36,865 1.7
    Married-couple family 1,638,322 53.5 1,607,317 50.7 -31,005 -1.9
  Nonfamily households 910,106 29.7 976,225 30.8 66,119 7.3
    Householder living alone 751,287 24.5 829,045 26.2 77,758 10.3
      Householder 65 years and over 300,688 9.8 327,599 10.3 26,911 8.9

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 1,661,493 (2000) to 1,767,217 (2011) -- a change of 105,724 ( 6.36%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 5,657,799 100.0 6,004,613 100.0 346,814 6.1
  Less than 9th grade 373,429 6.6 334,272 5.6 -39,157 -10.5
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 641,048 11.3 378,360 6.3 -262,688 -41.0
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 1,661,493 29.4 1,767,217 29.4 105,724 6.4
  Some college, no degree 998,872 17.7 1,037,573 17.3 38,701 3.9
  Associate's degree 298,096 5.3 368,288 6.1 70,192 23.5
  Bachelor's degree 1,063,665 18.8 1,322,225 22.0 258,560 24.3
  Graduate or professional degree 621,196 11.0 796,678 13.3 175,482 28.2
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 82.1... 88.1 6.0 7.3
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 29.8... 35.3 5.5 18.5

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 2,217,832 (2000) to 2,289,399 (2011) -- a change of 71,567 ( 3.23%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 2,217,832 100.0 2,289,399 100.0 71,567 3.2
  Nursery school, preschool 181,423 8.2 174,118 7.6 -7,305 -4.0
  Kindergarten 121,950 5.5 117,313 5.1 -4,637 -3.8
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 978,203 44.1 901,874 39.4 -76,329 -7.8
  High school (grades 9-12) 465,954 21.0 490,940 21.4 24,986 5.4
  College or graduate school 470,302 21.2 605,154 26.4 134,852 28.7

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 873,088 (2000) to 1,073,312 (2011) -- a change of 200,224 ( 22.93%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 7,856,268 100.0 8,285,611 100.0 429,343 5.5
  English only 5,854,578 74.5 5,764,850 69.6 -89,728 -1.5
  Language other than English 2,001,690 25.5 2,520,761 30.4 519,071 25.9
    Speak English less than "very well" 873,088 11.1 1,073,312 13.0 200,224 22.9
  Spanish 967,741 12.3 1,288,272 15.5 320,531 33.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 483,069 6.1 611,459 7.4 128,390 26.6
  Other Indo-European languages 659,248 8.4 720,311 8.7 61,063 9.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 241,627 3.1 261,777 3.2 20,150 8.3
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 275,832 3.5 398,847 4.8 123,015 44.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 119,581 1.5 166,296 2.0 46,715 39.1

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 3,950,029 (2000) to 4,152,513 (2011) -- a change of 202,484 ( 5.13%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 6,546,155 100.0 7,022,123 100.0 475,968 7.3
  In labor force 4,204,393 64.2 4,669,211 66.5 464,818 11.1
    Civilian labor force 4,193,145 64.1 4,662,195 66.4 469,050 11.2
      Employed 3,950,029 60.3 4,152,513 59.1 202,484 5.1
      Unemployed 243,116 3.7 509,682 7.3 266,566 109.6
      Percent of civilian labor force... 5.8... 10.9 5.1 87.9
    Armed Forces 11,248 0.2 7,016 0.1 -4,232 -37.6
  Not in labor force 2,341,762 35.8 2,352,912 33.5 11,150 0.5

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 3,950,029 100.0 4,152,513 100.0 202,484 5.1
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 12,618 0.3 17,021 0.4 4,403 34.9
  Construction 220,817 5.6 223,957 5.4 3,140 1.4
  Manufacturing 472,684 12.0 373,117 9.0 -99,567 -21.1
  Wholesale trade 173,166 4.4 142,960 3.4 -30,206 -17.4
  Retail trade 447,346 11.3 469,976 11.3 22,630 5.1
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 234,801 5.9 230,008 5.5 -4,793 -2.0
  Information 173,865 4.4 120,793 2.9 -53,072 -30.5
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 352,722 8.9 362,695 8.7 9,973 2.8
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 453,842 11.5 521,232 12.6 67,390 14.8
  Educational, health and social services 783,137 19.8 967,164 23.3 184,027 23.5
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 271,864 6.9 343,765 8.3 71,901 26.4
  Other services (except public administration) 173,686 4.4 188,515 4.5 14,829 8.5
  Public administration 179,481 4.5 191,310 4.6 11,829 6.6

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 4,596,073 (May 2012) to 4,592,450 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -3,623 ( -0.1%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force4,596,0734,597,3064,594,9014,579,9044,577,2244,592,450
  Employed4,172,7864,155,4384,144,1284,124,7454,128,7994,145,156
  Unemployed423,287441,868450,773455,159448,425447,294
  Unemployment rate 9.2 9.6 9.8 9.9 9.8 9.7

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 30.0 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 3,876,433). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 30.5 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 4,060,148).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 40.21% ( 3,158,784) of the population 5 years and over ( 7,856,268) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 10.26% ( 894,291) of the population 1 year and over ( 8,719,952) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $55,146 (2000) to $67,458 (2011) -- a change of $12,312 ( 22.33%). The per capita income increased from $27,006 (2000) to $34,090 (2011) -- a change of $7,084 ( 26.23%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $69,829 (2010) to $67,458 (2011) -- a change of ($2,371) ( -3.40%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.464 (2010) to 0.469 (2011) -- a change of 0.005 ( 1.078%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 3,065,774 100.0 3,167,629 100.0 101,855 3.3
  Less than $10,000 213,939 7.0 179,218 5.7 -34,721 -16.2
  $10,000 to $14,999 143,783 4.7 127,060 4.0 -16,723 -11.6
  $15,000 to $24,999 288,606 9.4 278,315 8.8 -10,291 -3.6
  $25,000 to $34,999 305,449 10.0 259,486 8.2 -45,963 -15.0
  $35,000 to $49,999 437,373 14.3 355,663 11.2 -81,710 -18.7
  $50,000 to $74,999 608,244 19.8 518,770 16.4 -89,474 -14.7
  $75,000 to $99,999 413,928 13.5 406,736 12.8 -7,192 -1.7
  $100,000 to $149,999 391,123 12.8 529,750 16.7 138,627 35.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 130,492 4.3 249,450 7.9 118,958 91.2
  $200,000 or more 132,837 4.3 263,181 8.3 130,344 98.1
  Median household income (dollars) 55,146... 67,458... 12,312 22.3
  Median family income (dollars) 65,370... 82,255... 16,885 25.8
  Per capita income (dollars) 27,006... 34,090... 7,084 26.2

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $463,087M (2011Q2) to $475,767M (2012Q2) -- a change of $12,680M ( 2.7%). Per capita personal income increased from $52,614 (2011Q2) to $53,935 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,557 ( 3.0%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 459,575463,087463,314464,003472,197475,767
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 459,219462,737462,986463,667471,755475,308
  Farm income 10.2/ 356349327335442459
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 311,248314,269314,261314,353321,922322,733
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 31,28131,60531,57931,58432,42732,432
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 14,42114,59014,58514,61714,89114,894
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 16,86117,01616,99416,96717,53717,538
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 39,15238,79738,95139,00338,71239,328
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 319,119321,461321,634321,772328,206329,630
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 70,19271,71471,99372,51273,59475,396
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 70,26569,91169,68769,71970,39870,741
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 221,393223,234222,950222,719228,357228,800
Supplements to wages and salaries 50,29050,82350,99451,00451,96152,054
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 33,42933,80834,00034,03634,42534,516
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 16,86117,01616,99416,96717,53717,538
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 39,56540,21240,31740,63141,60341,879
  Farm proprietors' income 158151128135184233
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 39,40740,06140,18940,49641,41941,646
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 52,21552,61452,64052,71853,53053,935

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 6.25 (2000) to 7.80 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 8.50 (2000) to 10.40 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 8,712,982) with health insurance was 7,573,878. Of those with health insurance, 6,186,535 had private health insurance and 2,272,982 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 17.97% ( 1,389,811) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 7,735,218) had a disability. In 2011, 10.01% ( 871,783) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 8,712,982) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 3,310,275 (2000) to 3,562,720 (2011) -- a change of 252,445 ( 7.63%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 3,310,275 100.0 3,562,720 100.0 252,445 7.6
  Occupied housing units 3,064,645 92.6 3,167,629 88.9 102,984 3.4
    Owner-occupied housing units 2,011,473 60.8 2,060,480 57.8 49,007 2.4
    Renter-occupied housing units 1,053,172 31.8 1,107,149 31.1 53,977 5.1
  Vacant housing units 245,630 7.4 395,091 11.1 149,461 60.8

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $170,800 (2000) to $324,900 (2011) -- a change of $154,100 ( 90.22%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 2,011,473 100.0 2,060,480 100.0 49,007 2.4
  Less than $50,000 30,058 1.5 41,357 2.0 11,299 37.6
  $50,000 to $99,999 229,354 11.4 63,421 3.1 -165,933 -72.3
  $100,000 to $149,999 415,190 20.6 110,236 5.4 -304,954 -73.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 379,890 18.9 195,020 9.5 -184,870 -48.7
  $200,000 to $299,999 354,359 17.6 504,091 24.5 149,732 42.3
  $300,000 to $499,999 213,099 10.6 730,874 35.5 517,775 243.0
  $500,000 to $999,999 67,913 3.4 355,075 17.2 287,162 422.8
  $1,000,000 or more 11,869 0.6 60,406 2.9 48,537 408.9
Median value (dollars) 170,800... 324,900... 154,100 90.2

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $751 (2000) to $1,135 (2011) -- a change of $384 ( 51.13%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,534 (2000) to $2,397 (2011) -- a change of $863 ( 56.26%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 1,215,974 100.0 1,447,682 100.0 231,708 19.1
  Less than $300 652 0.1 209 0.0 -443 -67.9
  $300 to $499 8,119 0.7 3,015 0.2 -5,104 -62.9
  $500 to $699 37,467 3.1 9,883 0.7 -27,584 -73.6
  $700 to $999 136,751 11.2 42,245 2.9 -94,506 -69.1
  $1,000 to $1,499 381,124 31.3 168,109 11.6 -213,015 -55.9
  $1,500 to $1,999 321,562 26.4 271,319 18.7 -50,243 -15.6
  $2,000 or more 330,299 27.2 952,902 65.8 622,603 188.5
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,534... 2,397... 863 56.3
Housing units without a mortgage 485,758 39.9 612,798 100.0 127,040 26.2
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 533... 936... 403 75.6


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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