Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: North Carolina

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The North Carolina total population increased from 8,049,313 (2000) to 9,656,401 (2011) -- a change of 1,607,088 ( 19.97%). The median age increased from 35.3 (2000) to 37.7 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,424,538 (2000) to 1,662,419 (2011) -- a change of 237,881 ( 16.70%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 8,049,313 100.0 9,656,401 100.0 1,607,088 20.0
  Male 3,942,695 49.0 4,687,843 48.5 745,148 18.9
  Female 4,106,618 51.0 4,968,558 51.5 861,940 21.0
  Under 5 years 539,509 6.7 626,723 6.5 87,214 16.2
  5 to 9 years 562,553 7.0 628,884 6.5 66,331 11.8
  10 to 14 years 551,367 6.8 660,712 6.8 109,345 19.8
  15 to 19 years 539,931 6.7 663,891 6.9 123,960 23.0
  20 to 24 years 577,508 7.2 676,834 7.0 99,326 17.2
  25 to 34 years 1,213,415 15.1 1,246,395 12.9 32,980 2.7
  35 to 44 years 1,287,120 16.0 1,319,454 13.7 32,334 2.5
  45 to 54 years 1,085,150 13.5 1,369,600 14.2 284,450 26.2
  55 to 59 years 400,207 5.0 623,580 6.5 223,373 55.8
  60 to 64 years 323,505 4.0 564,372 5.8 240,867 74.5
  65 to 74 years 533,777 6.6 725,945 7.5 192,168 36.0
  75 to 84 years 329,810 4.1 400,752 4.2 70,942 21.5
  85 years and over 105,461 1.3 149,259 1.5 43,798 41.5
  Median age 35.3... 37.7... 2.4 6.8

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4322,8713.4309,1693.2
  5- 9324,9003.4311,0453.3
  10-14322,7953.4308,3093.2
  15-19338,2713.5321,3203.4
  20-24336,6483.5324,9253.4
  25-29311,4993.3315,5373.3
  30-34304,8073.2314,7503.3
  35-39324,6813.4335,1623.5
  40-44329,6523.5337,6563.5
  45-49341,4323.6357,3213.7
  50-54323,7023.4346,1913.6
  55-59285,2443.0315,4783.3
  60-64255,0342.7283,0053.0
  65-69188,1252.0214,8992.3
  70-74133,0211.4161,5221.7
  75-7994,9811.0128,6741.3
  80-8463,5730.7101,8231.1
  85+ 44,2560.5103,2051.1

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 113,689 (2000) to 211,328 (2011) -- a change of 97,639 ( 85.88%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 8,574 (2000) to 12,183 (2011) -- a change of 3,609 ( 42.09%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 8,049,313 100.0 9,656,401 100.0 1,607,088 20.0
One Race 7,946,053 98.7 9,451,546 97.9 1,505,493 18.9
  White 5,804,656 72.1 6,768,523 70.1 963,867 16.6
  Black or African American 1,737,545 21.6 2,091,558 21.7 354,013 20.4
  American Indian and Alaska Native 99,551 1.2 111,633 1.2 12,082 12.1
  Asian 113,689 1.4 211,328 2.2 97,639 85.9
    Asian Indian 26,197 0.3 63,199 0.7 37,002 141.2
    Chinese 18,984 0.2 39,819 0.4 20,835 109.8
    Filipino 9,592 0.1 13,153 0.1 3,561 37.1
    Japanese 5,664 0.1 4,069 0.0 -1,595 -28.2
    Korean 12,600 0.2 19,588 0.2 6,988 55.5
    Vietnamese 15,596 0.2 24,792 0.3 9,196 59.0
    Other Asian 25,056 0.3 46,708 0.5 21,652 86.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,983 0.0 4,132 0.0 149 3.7
    Native Hawaiian 932 0.0 1,165 0.0 233 25.0
    Guamanian or Chamorro 1,313 0.0 716 0.0 -597 -45.5
    Samoan 823 0.0 1,310 0.0 487 59.2
    Other Pacific Islander 915 0.0 941 0.0 26 2.8
  Some other race 186,629 2.3 264,372 2.7 77,743 41.7
Two or more races 103,260 1.3 204,855 2.1 101,595 98.4
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 5,884,608 73.1 6,940,561 71.9 1,055,953 17.9
  Black or African American 1,776,283 22.1 2,203,745 22.8 427,462 24.1
  American Indian and Alaska Native 131,736 1.6 177,747 1.8 46,011 34.9
  Asian 136,212 1.7 254,183 2.6 117,971 86.6
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 8,574 0.1 12,183 0.1 3,609 42.1
  Some other race 223,222 2.8 295,007 3.1 71,785 32.2
Hispanic 378,963 4.7 828,104 8.6 449,141 118.5

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 3,132,013 (2000) to 3,683,364 (2011) -- a change of 551,351 ( 17.60%). The number of families increased from 2,158,869 (2000) to 2,455,564 (2011) -- a change of 296,695 ( 13.74%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 3,132,013 100.0 3,683,364 100.0 551,351 17.6
  Family households (families) 2,158,869 68.9 2,455,564 66.7 296,695 13.7
    Married-couple family 1,645,346 52.5 1,788,142 48.5 142,796 8.7
  Nonfamily households 973,144 31.1 1,227,800 33.3 254,656 26.2
    Householder living alone 795,271 25.4 1,031,543 28.0 236,272 29.7
      Householder 65 years and over 270,141 8.6 337,273 9.2 67,132 24.9

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 1,502,978 (2000) to 1,745,251 (2011) -- a change of 242,273 ( 16.12%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 5,282,994 100.0 6,399,357 100.0 1,116,363 21.1
  Less than 9th grade 413,495 7.8 366,748 5.7 -46,747 -11.3
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 741,229 14.0 609,890 9.5 -131,339 -17.7
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 1,502,978 28.4 1,745,251 27.3 242,273 16.1
  Some college, no degree 1,080,504 20.5 1,396,249 21.8 315,745 29.2
  Associate's degree 358,075 6.8 558,745 8.7 200,670 56.0
  Bachelor's degree 808,070 15.3 1,136,478 17.8 328,408 40.6
  Graduate or professional degree 378,643 7.2 585,996 9.2 207,353 54.8
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 78.1... 84.7 6.6 8.5
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 22.5... 26.9 4.4 19.6

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 2,043,225 (2000) to 2,557,304 (2011) -- a change of 514,079 ( 25.16%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 2,043,225 100.0 2,557,304 100.0 514,079 25.2
  Nursery school, preschool 135,315 6.6 144,526 5.7 9,211 6.8
  Kindergarten 114,713 5.6 131,822 5.2 17,109 14.9
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 913,173 44.7 1,028,795 40.2 115,622 12.7
  High school (grades 9-12) 417,749 20.4 511,762 20.0 94,013 22.5
  College or graduate school 462,275 22.6 740,399 29.0 278,124 60.2

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 297,858 (2000) to 422,213 (2011) -- a change of 124,355 ( 41.75%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 7,513,165 100.0 9,029,678 100.0 1,516,513 20.2
  English only 6,909,648 92.0 8,063,356 89.3 1,153,708 16.7
  Language other than English 603,517 8.0 966,322 10.7 362,805 60.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 297,858 4.0 422,213 4.7 124,355 41.7
  Spanish 378,942 5.0 655,303 7.3 276,361 72.9
    Speak English less than "very well" 218,792 2.9 324,831 3.6 106,039 48.5
  Other Indo-European languages 119,961 1.6 143,162 1.6 23,201 19.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 32,041 0.4 35,373 0.4 3,332 10.4
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 78,246 1.0 120,244 1.3 41,998 53.7
    Speak English less than "very well" 39,065 0.5 51,605 0.6 12,540 32.1

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 3,824,741 (2000) to 4,195,808 (2011) -- a change of 371,067 ( 9.70%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 6,290,618 100.0 7,616,397 100.0 1,325,779 21.1
  In labor force 4,130,579 65.7 4,833,782 63.5 703,203 17.0
    Civilian labor force 4,039,732 64.2 4,751,695 62.4 711,963 17.6
      Employed 3,824,741 60.8 4,195,808 55.1 371,067 9.7
      Unemployed 214,991 3.4 555,887 7.3 340,896 158.6
      Percent of civilian labor force... 5.3... 11.7 6.4 120.8
    Armed Forces 90,847 1.4 82,087 1.1 -8,760 -9.6
  Not in labor force 2,160,039 34.3 2,782,615 36.5 622,576 28.8

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 3,824,741 100.0 4,195,808 100.0 371,067 9.7
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 61,185 1.6 58,790 1.4 -2,395 -3.9
  Construction 312,038 8.2 278,744 6.6 -33,294 -10.7
  Manufacturing 755,252 19.7 536,291 12.8 -218,961 -29.0
  Wholesale trade 131,330 3.4 121,138 2.9 -10,192 -7.8
  Retail trade 439,868 11.5 482,788 11.5 42,920 9.8
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 176,412 4.6 184,032 4.4 7,620 4.3
  Information 89,797 2.3 74,211 1.8 -15,586 -17.4
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 231,222 6.0 260,512 6.2 29,290 12.7
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 296,075 7.7 418,230 10.0 122,155 41.3
  Educational, health and social services 733,440 19.2 994,207 23.7 260,767 35.6
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 265,585 6.9 379,036 9.0 113,451 42.7
  Other services (except public administration) 176,908 4.6 205,849 4.9 28,941 16.4
  Public administration 155,629 4.1 201,980 4.8 46,351 29.8

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 4,661,090 (May 2012) to 4,708,952 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 47,862 ( 1.0%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force4,661,0904,655,3874,647,8134,648,1124,674,2744,708,952
  Employed4,224,5534,216,0144,202,1234,196,2044,225,6524,269,351
  Unemployed436,537439,373445,690451,908448,622439,601
  Unemployment rate 9.4 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.3

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 24.0 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 3,837,773). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 23.4 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 4,183,841).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 47.02% ( 3,532,968) of the population 5 years and over ( 7,513,165) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 15.40% ( 1,469,174) of the population 1 year and over ( 9,539,412) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $39,184 (2000) to $43,916 (2011) -- a change of $4,732 ( 12.08%). The per capita income increased from $20,307 (2000) to $24,107 (2011) -- a change of $3,800 ( 18.71%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $44,726 (2010) to $43,916 (2011) -- a change of ($810) ( -1.81%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.464 (2010) to 0.472 (2011) -- a change of 0.008 ( 1.724%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 3,133,282 100.0 3,683,364 100.0 550,082 17.6
  Less than $10,000 328,770 10.5 323,107 8.8 -5,663 -1.7
  $10,000 to $14,999 201,123 6.4 251,356 6.8 50,233 25.0
  $15,000 to $24,999 431,701 13.8 473,021 12.8 41,320 9.6
  $25,000 to $34,999 435,975 13.9 448,295 12.2 12,320 2.8
  $35,000 to $49,999 553,041 17.7 544,228 14.8 -8,813 -1.6
  $50,000 to $74,999 608,777 19.4 660,913 17.9 52,136 8.6
  $75,000 to $99,999 279,020 8.9 387,130 10.5 108,110 38.7
  $100,000 to $149,999 188,621 6.0 368,302 10.0 179,681 95.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 50,650 1.6 121,277 3.3 70,627 139.4
  $200,000 or more 55,604 1.8 105,735 2.9 50,131 90.2
  Median household income (dollars) 39,184... 43,916... 4,732 12.1
  Median family income (dollars) 46,335... 54,082... 7,747 16.7
  Per capita income (dollars) 20,307... 24,107... 3,800 18.7

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $348,016M (2011Q2) to $360,164M (2012Q2) -- a change of $12,148M ( 3.5%). Per capita personal income increased from $36,397 (2011Q2) to $37,298 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,628 ( 4.5%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 344,753348,016349,133349,718356,638360,164
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 342,540345,810347,012347,654354,073357,613
  Farm income 10.2/ 2,2132,2062,1202,0642,5652,551
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 250,634252,650253,199252,901259,176261,179
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 25,83626,07326,14226,11826,77526,937
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 11,95312,04412,04212,03512,24812,327
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 13,88214,02914,10014,08314,52714,610
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -1,295-1,304-1,307-1,296-1,356-1,370
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 223,503225,273225,751225,487231,045232,872
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 50,53551,64152,05252,53353,24154,437
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 70,71571,10271,32971,69872,35172,856
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 179,985181,125181,310180,852185,242186,749
Supplements to wages and salaries 46,22646,84847,18547,22948,03048,301
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 32,34432,81933,08533,14633,50333,691
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 13,88214,02914,10014,08314,52714,610
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 24,42324,67824,70524,82025,90426,129
  Farm proprietors' income 1,6781,6731,5901,5362,0952,140
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 22,74523,00423,11523,28523,80923,989
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 36,05636,39736,51436,57536,93337,298

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 9.04 (2000) to 13.20 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 12.28 (2000) to 17.90 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 9,461,018) with health insurance was 7,916,111. Of those with health insurance, 6,019,485 had private health insurance and 2,955,555 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 21.05% ( 1,540,365) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 7,316,733) had a disability. In 2011, 13.29% ( 1,257,117) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 9,461,018) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 3,523,944 (2000) to 4,362,956 (2011) -- a change of 839,012 ( 23.81%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 3,523,944 100.0 4,362,956 100.0 839,012 23.8
  Occupied housing units 3,132,013 88.9 3,683,364 84.4 551,351 17.6
    Owner-occupied housing units 2,172,355 61.6 2,449,902 56.2 277,547 12.8
    Renter-occupied housing units 959,658 27.2 1,233,462 28.3 273,804 28.5
  Vacant housing units 391,931 11.1 679,592 15.6 287,661 73.4

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $108,300 (2000) to $153,700 (2011) -- a change of $45,400 ( 41.92%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 2,172,355 100.0 2,449,902 100.0 277,547 12.8
  Less than $50,000 140,292 6.5 235,309 9.6 95,017 67.7
  $50,000 to $99,999 591,362 27.2 445,257 18.2 -146,105 -24.7
  $100,000 to $149,999 421,786 19.4 504,555 20.6 82,769 19.6
  $150,000 to $199,999 219,174 10.1 440,800 18.0 221,626 101.1
  $200,000 to $299,999 152,531 7.0 426,697 17.4 274,166 179.7
  $300,000 to $499,999 66,292 3.1 267,037 10.9 200,745 302.8
  $500,000 to $999,999 20,265 0.9 107,192 4.4 86,927 429.0
  $1,000,000 or more 4,011 0.2 23,055 0.9 19,044 474.8
Median value (dollars) 108,300... 153,700... 45,400 41.9

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $548 (2000) to $745 (2011) -- a change of $197 ( 35.95%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $985 (2000) to $1,246 (2011) -- a change of $261 ( 26.50%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 1,116,287 100.0 1,647,194 100.0 530,907 47.6
  Less than $300 8,652 0.8 5,266 0.3 -3,386 -39.1
  $300 to $499 68,577 6.1 42,905 2.6 -25,672 -37.4
  $500 to $699 164,915 14.8 119,308 7.2 -45,607 -27.7
  $700 to $999 331,732 29.7 356,475 21.6 24,743 7.5
  $1,000 to $1,499 341,818 30.6 561,189 34.1 219,371 64.2
  $1,500 to $1,999 121,996 10.9 303,973 18.5 181,977 149.2
  $2,000 or more 78,597 7.0 258,078 15.7 179,481 228.4
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 985... 1,246... 261 26.5
Housing units without a mortgage 499,426 44.7 802,708 100.0 303,282 60.7
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 254... 359... 105 41.3


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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