Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Ohio

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

Contents - select topic from scroll box below
  Available Areas - select area from scroll box below

1. Population. The Ohio total population increased from 11,353,140 (2000) to 11,544,951 (2011) -- a change of 191,811 ( 1.69%). The median age increased from 36.2 (2000) to 39.1 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 2,133,409 (2000) to 1,983,929 (2011) -- a change of -149,480 ( -7.01%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 11,353,140 100.0 11,544,951 100.0 191,811 1.7
  Male 5,512,262 48.6 5,641,528 48.9 129,266 2.3
  Female 5,840,878 51.4 5,903,423 51.1 62,545 1.1
  Under 5 years 754,930 6.6 708,443 6.1 -46,487 -6.2
  5 to 9 years 816,346 7.2 750,037 6.5 -66,309 -8.1
  10 to 14 years 827,811 7.3 760,141 6.6 -67,670 -8.2
  15 to 19 years 816,868 7.2 802,732 7.0 -14,136 -1.7
  20 to 24 years 728,928 6.4 774,362 6.7 45,434 6.2
  25 to 34 years 1,519,894 13.4 1,421,908 12.3 -97,986 -6.4
  35 to 44 years 1,805,316 15.9 1,451,623 12.6 -353,693 -19.6
  45 to 54 years 1,566,384 13.8 1,711,829 14.8 145,445 9.3
  55 to 59 years 553,174 4.9 799,780 6.9 246,606 44.6
  60 to 64 years 455,732 4.0 716,262 6.2 260,530 57.2
  65 to 74 years 790,252 7.0 870,214 7.5 79,962 10.1
  75 to 84 years 540,709 4.8 542,765 4.7 2,056 0.4
  85 years and over 176,796 1.6 234,855 2.0 58,059 32.8
  Median age 36.2... 39.1... 2.9 8.0

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4367,4793.2353,3773.1
  5- 9382,6413.3365,2483.2
  10-14396,1523.4378,5473.3
  15-19420,9753.6402,7073.5
  20-24384,2023.3378,9143.3
  25-29357,8373.1360,7933.1
  30-34344,0873.0347,2423.0
  35-39356,4203.1362,0423.1
  40-44377,8963.3383,4733.3
  45-49420,4253.6434,7093.8
  50-54434,7403.8452,3173.9
  55-59383,4403.3403,4173.5
  60-64320,4212.8344,9883.0
  65-69223,7971.9255,0672.2
  70-74167,1421.4204,2281.8
  75-79126,7061.1170,8131.5
  80-8495,4500.8148,3831.3
  85+ 72,3460.6158,0831.4

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 132,633 (2000) to 194,814 (2011) -- a change of 62,181 ( 46.88%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 6,984 (2000) to 10,780 (2011) -- a change of 3,796 ( 54.35%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 11,353,140 100.0 11,544,951 100.0 191,811 1.7
One Race 11,195,255 98.6 11,278,852 97.7 83,597 0.7
  White 9,645,453 85.0 9,566,847 82.9 -78,606 -0.8
  Black or African American 1,301,307 11.5 1,396,483 12.1 95,176 7.3
  American Indian and Alaska Native 24,486 0.2 19,589 0.2 -4,897 -20.0
  Asian 132,633 1.2 194,814 1.7 62,181 46.9
    Asian Indian 38,752 0.3 64,107 0.6 25,355 65.4
    Chinese 30,425 0.3 46,046 0.4 15,621 51.3
    Filipino 12,393 0.1 17,690 0.2 5,297 42.7
    Japanese 10,732 0.1 10,824 0.1 92 0.9
    Korean 13,376 0.1 15,537 0.1 2,161 16.2
    Vietnamese 9,812 0.1 16,116 0.1 6,304 64.2
    Other Asian 17,143 0.2 24,494 0.2 7,351 42.9
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 2,749 0.0 1,981 0.0 -768 -27.9
    Native Hawaiian 788 0.0 743 0.0 -45 -5.7
    Guamanian or Chamorro 618 0.0 655 0.0 37 6.0
    Samoan 565 0.0 18 0.0 -547 -96.8
    Other Pacific Islander 778 0.0 565 0.0 -213 -27.4
  Some other race 88,627 0.8 99,138 0.9 10,511 11.9
Two or more races 157,885 1.4 266,099 2.3 108,214 68.5
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 9,779,512 86.1 9,807,803 85.0 28,291 0.3
  Black or African American 1,372,501 12.1 1,561,767 13.5 189,266 13.8
  American Indian and Alaska Native 76,075 0.7 89,190 0.8 13,115 17.2
  Asian 159,776 1.4 244,572 2.1 84,796 53.1
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 6,984 0.1 10,780 0.1 3,796 54.4
  Some other race 128,671 1.1 120,781 1.0 -7,890 -6.1
Hispanic 217,123 1.9 364,018 3.2 146,895 67.7

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 4,445,773 (2000) to 4,538,555 (2011) -- a change of 92,782 ( 2.09%). The number of families decreased from 2,993,023 (2000) to 2,915,927 (2011) -- a change of -77,096 ( -2.58%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 4,445,773 100.0 4,538,555 100.0 92,782 2.1
  Family households (families) 2,993,023 67.3 2,915,927 64.2 -77,096 -2.6
    Married-couple family 2,285,798 51.4 2,137,964 47.1 -147,834 -6.5
  Nonfamily households 1,452,750 32.7 1,622,628 35.8 169,878 11.7
    Householder living alone 1,215,614 27.3 1,364,722 30.1 149,108 12.3
      Householder 65 years and over 446,396 10.0 485,283 10.7 38,887 8.7

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 2,674,551 (2000) to 2,695,735 (2011) -- a change of 21,184 ( 0.79%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 7,411,740 100.0 7,749,236 100.0 337,496 4.6
  Less than 9th grade 331,801 4.5 257,573 3.3 -74,228 -22.4
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 930,284 12.6 648,932 8.4 -281,352 -30.2
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 2,674,551 36.1 2,695,735 34.8 21,184 0.8
  Some college, no degree 1,471,964 19.9 1,633,426 21.1 161,462 11.0
  Associate's degree 439,608 5.9 602,825 7.8 163,217 37.1
  Bachelor's degree 1,016,256 13.7 1,196,897 15.4 180,641 17.8
  Graduate or professional degree 547,276 7.4 713,848 9.2 166,572 30.4
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 83.0... 88.3 5.3 6.4
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 21.1... 24.7 3.6 17.1

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 3,014,460 (2000) to 3,077,214 (2011) -- a change of 62,754 ( 2.08%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 3,014,460 100.0 3,077,214 100.0 62,754 2.1
  Nursery school, preschool 204,086 6.8 192,254 6.2 -11,832 -5.8
  Kindergarten 163,537 5.4 150,554 4.9 -12,983 -7.9
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 1,349,361 44.8 1,200,589 39.0 -148,772 -11.0
  High school (grades 9-12) 645,083 21.4 637,527 20.7 -7,556 -1.2
  College or graduate school 652,393 21.6 896,290 29.1 243,897 37.4

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 234,459 (2000) to 253,293 (2011) -- a change of 18,834 ( 8.03%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 10,599,968 100.0 10,836,508 100.0 236,540 2.2
  English only 9,951,475 93.9 10,114,712 93.3 163,237 1.6
  Language other than English 648,493 6.1 721,796 6.7 73,303 11.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 234,459 2.2 253,293 2.3 18,834 8.0
  Spanish 213,147 2.0 240,103 2.2 26,956 12.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 77,394 0.7 88,147 0.8 10,753 13.9
  Other Indo-European languages 296,816 2.8 279,670 2.6 -17,146 -5.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 99,316 0.9 83,473 0.8 -15,843 -16.0
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 84,658 0.8 118,674 1.1 34,016 40.2
    Speak English less than "very well" 40,574 0.4 52,630 0.5 12,056 29.7

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 5,402,175 (2000) to 5,213,453 (2011) -- a change of -188,722 ( -3.49%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 8,788,494 100.0 9,166,035 100.0 377,541 4.3
  In labor force 5,694,708 64.8 5,830,077 63.6 135,369 2.4
    Civilian labor force 5,684,790 64.7 5,820,387 63.5 135,597 2.4
      Employed 5,402,175 61.5 5,213,453 56.9 -188,722 -3.5
      Unemployed 282,615 3.2 606,934 6.6 324,319 114.8
      Percent of civilian labor force... 5.0... 10.4 5.4 108.0
    Armed Forces 9,918 0.1 9,690 0.1 -228 -2.3
  Not in labor force 3,093,786 35.2 3,335,958 36.4 242,172 7.8

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 5,402,175 100.0 5,213,453 100.0 -188,722 -3.5
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 57,518 1.1 52,155 1.0 -5,363 -9.3
  Construction 324,553 6.0 270,784 5.2 -53,769 -16.6
  Manufacturing 1,082,185 20.0 796,765 15.3 -285,420 -26.4
  Wholesale trade 193,219 3.6 145,635 2.8 -47,584 -24.6
  Retail trade 643,058 11.9 607,214 11.6 -35,844 -5.6
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 267,324 4.9 249,745 4.8 -17,579 -6.6
  Information 128,081 2.4 92,895 1.8 -35,186 -27.5
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 339,090 6.3 338,210 6.5 -880 -0.3
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 434,694 8.0 472,233 9.1 37,539 8.6
  Educational, health and social services 1,064,882 19.7 1,285,642 24.7 220,760 20.7
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 403,684 7.5 457,596 8.8 53,912 13.4
  Other services (except public administration) 242,149 4.5 239,634 4.6 -2,515 -1.0
  Public administration 221,738 4.1 204,945 3.9 -16,793 -7.6

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 5,811,647 (May 2012) to 5,771,977 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -39,670 ( -0.7%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force5,811,6475,794,0635,770,7705,751,3715,758,4975,771,977
  Employed5,385,7455,374,3605,352,6795,337,9115,352,4885,376,291
  Unemployed425,902419,703418,091413,460406,009395,686
  Unemployment rate 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 22.9 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 5,307,502). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 23.1 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 5,114,314).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 42.49% ( 4,504,312) of the population 5 years and over ( 10,599,968) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 14.49% ( 1,654,578) of the population 1 year and over ( 11,418,944) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $40,956 (2000) to $45,749 (2011) -- a change of $4,793 ( 11.70%). The per capita income increased from $21,003 (2000) to $24,750 (2011) -- a change of $3,747 ( 17.84%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $46,275 (2010) to $45,749 (2011) -- a change of ($526) ( -1.14%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.452 (2010) to 0.459 (2011) -- a change of 0.007 ( 1.549%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 4,446,621 100.0 4,538,555 100.0 91,934 2.1
  Less than $10,000 406,698 9.1 400,735 8.8 -5,963 -1.5
  $10,000 to $14,999 285,372 6.4 291,820 6.4 6,448 2.3
  $15,000 to $24,999 594,143 13.4 554,587 12.2 -39,556 -6.7
  $25,000 to $34,999 602,996 13.6 524,484 11.6 -78,512 -13.0
  $35,000 to $49,999 771,129 17.3 662,143 14.6 -108,986 -14.1
  $50,000 to $74,999 905,323 20.4 852,281 18.8 -53,042 -5.9
  $75,000 to $99,999 444,599 10.0 512,708 11.3 68,109 15.3
  $100,000 to $149,999 289,049 6.5 471,765 10.4 182,716 63.2
  $150,000 to $199,999 71,062 1.6 149,240 3.3 78,178 110.0
  $200,000 or more 76,250 1.7 118,792 2.6 42,542 55.8
  Median household income (dollars) 40,956... 45,749... 4,793 11.7
  Median family income (dollars) 50,037... 58,565... 8,528 17.0
  Per capita income (dollars) 21,003... 24,750... 3,747 17.8

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $435,352M (2011Q2) to $451,093M (2012Q2) -- a change of $15,741M ( 3.6%). Per capita personal income increased from $37,738 (2011Q2) to $39,073 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,393 ( 3.7%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 432,369435,352438,401441,150446,802451,093
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 429,027432,094434,986437,966443,412447,858
  Farm income 10.2/ 3,3423,2573,4153,1843,3903,235
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 315,313316,822319,560321,669325,735328,654
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 31,34731,44331,69531,90832,39332,646
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 13,51813,61313,72813,86213,95914,069
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 17,82917,83017,96718,04718,43518,577
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -2,234-2,201-2,244-2,289-2,311-2,343
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 281,732283,178285,620287,472291,031293,664
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 57,76758,81659,08759,48760,25661,602
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 92,86993,35793,69394,19195,51695,827
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 226,508227,557229,485231,099234,223236,472
Supplements to wages and salaries 54,67354,91755,45855,94556,31056,779
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 36,84437,08737,49237,89837,87538,201
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 17,82917,83017,96718,04718,43518,577
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 34,13234,34834,61734,62535,20235,403
  Farm proprietors' income 2,9182,8362,9962,7652,9972,891
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 31,21431,51231,62131,86032,20632,511
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 37,47937,73838,00238,24138,70139,073

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 7.82 (2000) to 12.00 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 10.60 (2000) to 16.40 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 11,369,102) with health insurance was 10,014,671. Of those with health insurance, 7,839,606 had private health insurance and 3,549,728 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 18.33% ( 1,909,489) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 10,417,902) had a disability. In 2011, 13.35% ( 1,517,210) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 11,369,102) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 4,783,051 (2000) to 5,133,528 (2011) -- a change of 350,477 ( 7.33%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 4,783,051 100.0 5,133,528 100.0 350,477 7.3
  Occupied housing units 4,445,773 92.9 4,538,555 88.4 92,782 2.1
    Owner-occupied housing units 3,072,522 64.2 3,039,713 59.2 -32,809 -1.1
    Renter-occupied housing units 1,373,251 28.7 1,498,842 29.2 125,591 9.1
  Vacant housing units 337,278 7.1 594,973 11.6 257,695 76.4

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $103,700 (2000) to $129,600 (2011) -- a change of $25,900 ( 24.98%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 3,072,522 100.0 3,039,713 100.0 -32,809 -1.1
  Less than $50,000 221,166 7.2 279,067 9.2 57,901 26.2
  $50,000 to $99,999 1,025,855 33.4 761,773 25.1 -264,082 -25.7
  $100,000 to $149,999 730,803 23.8 753,810 24.8 23,007 3.1
  $150,000 to $199,999 336,163 10.9 545,150 17.9 208,987 62.2
  $200,000 to $299,999 204,386 6.7 434,678 14.3 230,292 112.7
  $300,000 to $499,999 72,753 2.4 192,706 6.3 119,953 164.9
  $500,000 to $999,999 17,898 0.6 57,418 1.9 39,520 220.8
  $1,000,000 or more 4,099 0.1 15,111 0.5 11,012 268.7
Median value (dollars) 103,700... 129,600... 25,900 25.0

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $515 (2000) to $692 (2011) -- a change of $177 ( 34.37%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $963 (2000) to $1,243 (2011) -- a change of $280 ( 29.08%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 1,811,744 100.0 2,041,379 100.0 229,635 12.7
  Less than $300 12,564 0.7 5,014 0.2 -7,550 -60.1
  $300 to $499 117,778 6.5 51,493 2.5 -66,285 -56.3
  $500 to $699 289,243 16.0 144,484 7.1 -144,759 -50.0
  $700 to $999 551,675 30.4 433,348 21.2 -118,327 -21.4
  $1,000 to $1,499 545,936 30.1 732,172 35.9 186,236 34.1
  $1,500 to $1,999 184,386 10.2 384,456 18.8 200,070 108.5
  $2,000 or more 110,162 6.1 290,412 14.2 180,250 163.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 963... 1,243... 280 29.1
Housing units without a mortgage 801,379 44.2 998,334 100.0 196,955 24.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 289... 428... 139 48.1


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
ProximityOne. Copyright © 2012. All Rights Reserved.
This document may be freely redistributed without further authorization.