Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Pennsylvania

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Pennsylvania total population increased from 12,281,054 (2000) to 12,742,886 (2011) -- a change of 461,832 ( 3.76%). The median age increased from 38.0 (2000) to 40.3 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 2,194,417 (2000) to 2,039,940 (2011) -- a change of -154,477 ( -7.04%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 12,281,054 100.0 12,742,886 100.0 461,832 3.8
  Male 5,929,663 48.3 6,216,838 48.8 287,175 4.8
  Female 6,351,391 51.7 6,526,048 51.2 174,657 2.7
  Under 5 years 727,804 5.9 720,974 5.7 -6,830 -0.9
  5 to 9 years 827,945 6.7 748,956 5.9 -78,989 -9.5
  10 to 14 years 863,849 7.0 784,757 6.2 -79,092 -9.2
  15 to 19 years 850,986 6.9 894,468 7.0 43,482 5.1
  20 to 24 years 746,086 6.1 879,496 6.9 133,410 17.9
  25 to 34 years 1,560,486 12.7 1,536,268 12.1 -24,218 -1.6
  35 to 44 years 1,948,076 15.9 1,581,638 12.4 -366,438 -18.8
  45 to 54 years 1,705,032 13.9 1,918,829 15.1 213,797 12.5
  55 to 59 years 619,969 5.0 902,127 7.1 282,158 45.5
  60 to 64 years 511,656 4.2 792,955 6.2 281,299 55.0
  65 to 74 years 969,272 7.9 1,000,046 7.8 30,774 3.2
  75 to 84 years 712,326 5.8 663,715 5.2 -48,611 -6.8
  85 years and over 237,567 1.9 318,657 2.5 81,090 34.1
  Median age 38.0... 40.3... 2.3 6.1

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4373,2162.9356,3222.8
  5- 9384,3593.0369,2762.9
  10-14405,2273.2385,9243.0
  15-19462,4653.6442,6013.5
  20-24441,8863.5432,2603.4
  25-29392,5693.1388,9583.1
  30-34364,6812.9364,9112.9
  35-39380,1723.0384,1153.0
  40-44421,6893.3429,6933.4
  45-49470,5433.7485,2203.8
  50-54484,2893.8500,3523.9
  55-59430,2023.4448,8463.5
  60-64358,0082.8385,2883.0
  65-69258,6532.0294,3492.3
  70-74192,1871.5234,3491.8
  75-79153,8901.2208,4421.6
  80-84120,9311.0190,8301.5
  85+ 95,3960.8210,2801.7

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 219,813 (2000) to 358,168 (2011) -- a change of 138,355 ( 62.94%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 8,790 (2000) to 10,350 (2011) -- a change of 1,560 ( 17.75%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 12,281,054 100.0 12,742,886 100.0 461,832 3.8
One Race 12,138,830 98.8 12,495,625 98.1 356,795 2.9
  White 10,484,203 85.4 10,485,910 82.3 1,707 0.0
  Black or African American 1,224,612 10.0 1,372,685 10.8 148,073 12.1
  American Indian and Alaska Native 18,348 0.1 17,315 0.1 -1,033 -5.6
  Asian 219,813 1.8 358,168 2.8 138,355 62.9
    Asian Indian 57,241 0.5 101,584 0.8 44,343 77.5
    Chinese 50,650 0.4 89,481 0.7 38,831 76.7
    Filipino 14,506 0.1 25,526 0.2 11,020 76.0
    Japanese 6,984 0.1 7,829 0.1 845 12.1
    Korean 31,612 0.3 37,324 0.3 5,712 18.1
    Vietnamese 30,037 0.2 45,377 0.4 15,340 51.1
    Other Asian 28,783 0.2 51,047 0.4 22,264 77.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,417 0.0 2,009 0.0 -1,408 -41.2
    Native Hawaiian 897 0.0 891 0.0 -6 -0.7
    Guamanian or Chamorro 646 0.0 113 0.0 -533 -82.5
    Samoan 734 0.0 204 0.0 -530 -72.2
    Other Pacific Islander 1,140 0.0 801 0.0 -339 -29.7
  Some other race 188,437 1.5 259,538 2.0 71,101 37.7
Two or more races 142,224 1.2 247,261 1.9 105,037 73.9
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 10,596,409 86.3 10,700,243 84.0 103,834 1.0
  Black or African American 1,289,123 10.5 1,515,042 11.9 225,919 17.5
  American Indian and Alaska Native 52,650 0.4 72,799 0.6 20,149 38.3
  Asian 248,601 2.0 414,861 3.3 166,260 66.9
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 8,790 0.1 10,350 0.1 1,560 17.7
  Some other race 238,700 1.9 297,000 2.3 58,300 24.4
Hispanic 394,088 3.2 751,430 5.9 357,342 90.7

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 4,777,003 (2000) to 4,937,333 (2011) -- a change of 160,330 ( 3.36%). The number of families decreased from 3,208,388 (2000) to 3,193,701 (2011) -- a change of -14,687 ( -0.46%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 4,777,003 100.0 4,937,333 100.0 160,330 3.4
  Family households (families) 3,208,388 67.2 3,193,701 64.7 -14,687 -0.5
    Married-couple family 2,467,673 51.7 2,374,705 48.1 -92,968 -3.8
  Nonfamily households 1,568,615 32.8 1,743,632 35.3 175,017 11.2
    Householder living alone 1,320,941 27.7 1,467,909 29.7 146,968 11.1
      Householder 65 years and over 555,374 11.6 572,793 11.6 17,419 3.1

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 3,150,013 (2000) to 3,270,338 (2011) -- a change of 120,325 ( 3.82%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 8,266,284 100.0 8,714,235 100.0 447,951 5.4
  Less than 9th grade 452,069 5.5 317,207 3.6 -134,862 -29.8
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 1,044,036 12.6 674,891 7.7 -369,145 -35.4
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 3,150,013 38.1 3,270,338 37.5 120,325 3.8
  Some college, no degree 1,284,731 15.5 1,443,263 16.6 158,532 12.3
  Associate's degree 487,804 5.9 658,863 7.6 171,059 35.1
  Bachelor's degree 1,153,383 14.0 1,443,083 16.6 289,700 25.1
  Graduate or professional degree 694,248 8.4 906,590 10.4 212,342 30.6
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 81.9... 88.6 6.7 8.2
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 22.4... 27.0 4.6 20.5

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 3,135,934 (2000) to 3,177,813 (2011) -- a change of 41,879 ( 1.34%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 3,135,934 100.0 3,177,813 100.0 41,879 1.3
  Nursery school, preschool 203,934 6.5 196,250 6.2 -7,684 -3.8
  Kindergarten 159,146 5.1 145,769 4.6 -13,377 -8.4
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 1,379,671 44.0 1,221,592 38.4 -158,079 -11.5
  High school (grades 9-12) 690,020 22.0 672,767 21.2 -17,253 -2.5
  College or graduate school 703,163 22.4 941,435 29.6 238,272 33.9

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 368,257 (2000) to 462,469 (2011) -- a change of 94,212 ( 25.58%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 11,555,538 100.0 12,021,912 100.0 466,374 4.0
  English only 10,583,054 91.6 10,784,198 89.7 201,144 1.9
  Language other than English 972,484 8.4 1,237,714 10.3 265,230 27.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 368,257 3.2 462,469 3.8 94,212 25.6
  Spanish 356,754 3.1 518,056 4.3 161,302 45.2
    Speak English less than "very well" 140,502 1.2 194,165 1.6 53,663 38.2
  Other Indo-European languages 428,122 3.7 432,485 3.6 4,363 1.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 138,542 1.2 133,697 1.1 -4,845 -3.5
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 143,955 1.2 226,366 1.9 82,411 57.2
    Speak English less than "very well" 76,183 0.7 115,143 1.0 38,960 51.1

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 5,653,500 (2000) to 5,853,320 (2011) -- a change of 199,820 ( 3.53%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 9,693,040 100.0 10,323,889 100.0 630,849 6.5
  In labor force 6,000,512 61.9 6,464,854 62.6 464,342 7.7
    Civilian labor force 5,992,886 61.8 6,458,914 62.6 466,028 7.8
      Employed 5,653,500 58.3 5,853,320 56.7 199,820 3.5
      Unemployed 339,386 3.5 605,594 5.9 266,208 78.4
      Percent of civilian labor force... 5.7... 9.4 3.7 64.9
    Armed Forces 7,626 0.1 5,940 0.1 -1,686 -22.1
  Not in labor force 3,692,528 38.1 3,859,035 37.4 166,507 4.5

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 5,653,500 100.0 5,853,320 100.0 199,820 3.5
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 73,459 1.3 82,905 1.4 9,446 12.9
  Construction 339,363 6.0 333,676 5.7 -5,687 -1.7
  Manufacturing 906,398 16.0 729,316 12.5 -177,082 -19.5
  Wholesale trade 201,084 3.6 164,492 2.8 -36,592 -18.2
  Retail trade 684,179 12.1 687,135 11.7 2,956 0.4
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 304,335 5.4 296,273 5.1 -8,062 -2.6
  Information 148,841 2.6 106,896 1.8 -41,945 -28.2
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 372,148 6.6 371,718 6.4 -430 -0.1
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 478,937 8.5 566,658 9.7 87,721 18.3
  Educational, health and social services 1,237,090 21.9 1,508,654 25.8 271,564 22.0
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 397,871 7.0 479,236 8.2 81,365 20.5
  Other services (except public administration) 274,028 4.8 277,051 4.7 3,023 1.1
  Public administration 235,767 4.2 249,310 4.3 13,543 5.7

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 6,452,815 (May 2012) to 6,536,461 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 83,646 ( 1.3%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force6,452,8156,467,7966,478,2476,475,4776,505,4106,536,461
  Employed5,977,9795,979,3785,969,1525,950,7065,974,9396,008,887
  Unemployed474,836488,418509,095524,771530,471527,574
  Unemployment rate 7.4 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.1

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 25.2 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 5,556,311). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 25.9 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 5,728,043).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 36.54% ( 4,221,947) of the population 5 years and over ( 11,555,538) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 11.99% ( 1,511,409) of the population 1 year and over ( 12,610,486) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $40,106 (2000) to $50,228 (2011) -- a change of $10,122 ( 25.24%). The per capita income increased from $20,880 (2000) to $26,933 (2011) -- a change of $6,053 ( 28.99%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $50,548 (2010) to $50,228 (2011) -- a change of ($320) ( -0.63%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.461 (2010) to 0.461 (2011) -- a change of 0.000 ( 0.000%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 4,779,186 100.0 4,937,333 100.0 158,147 3.3
  Less than $10,000 465,860 9.7 366,467 7.4 -99,393 -21.3
  $10,000 to $14,999 333,381 7.0 294,878 6.0 -38,503 -11.5
  $15,000 to $24,999 657,266 13.8 574,172 11.6 -83,094 -12.6
  $25,000 to $34,999 633,953 13.3 523,807 10.6 -110,146 -17.4
  $35,000 to $49,999 809,165 16.9 698,066 14.1 -111,099 -13.7
  $50,000 to $74,999 929,863 19.5 929,285 18.8 -578 -0.1
  $75,000 to $99,999 457,480 9.6 589,712 11.9 132,232 28.9
  $100,000 to $149,999 317,171 6.6 578,181 11.7 261,010 82.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 84,173 1.8 198,065 4.0 113,892 135.3
  $200,000 or more 90,874 1.9 184,700 3.7 93,826 103.2
  Median household income (dollars) 40,106... 50,228... 10,122 25.2
  Median family income (dollars) 49,184... 63,283... 14,099 28.7
  Per capita income (dollars) 20,880... 26,933... 6,053 29.0

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $538,801M (2011Q2) to $555,758M (2012Q2) -- a change of $16,957M ( 3.1%). Per capita personal income increased from $42,393 (2011Q2) to $43,613 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,445 ( 3.4%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 534,561538,801540,352541,921550,914555,758
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 533,029537,207538,720540,328549,011554,037
  Farm income 10.2/ 1,5311,5941,6321,5931,9031,721
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 377,769381,223383,076383,893391,136393,854
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 39,60339,92240,06040,08140,90641,130
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 18,19418,35518,40318,43918,68418,795
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 21,40921,56721,65621,64222,22222,335
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 6,1246,1826,0486,0196,1306,103
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 344,290347,482349,065349,831356,360358,826
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 79,59480,93581,11381,56882,69184,631
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 110,677110,383110,175110,523111,864112,300
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 268,677271,053272,395272,633278,057280,188
Supplements to wages and salaries 64,68865,29865,70265,81566,75467,184
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 43,27943,73144,04644,17344,53244,848
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 21,40921,56721,65621,64222,22222,335
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 44,40544,87244,97945,44546,32546,482
  Farm proprietors' income 1,0381,0991,1361,0961,2711,167
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 43,36643,77343,84344,34945,05445,315
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 42,06042,39342,51542,63943,23343,613

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 7.76 (2000) to 9.60 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 10.98 (2000) to 13.80 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 12,539,757) with health insurance was 11,275,209. Of those with health insurance, 9,033,525 had private health insurance and 3,989,022 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 18.63% ( 2,111,771) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 11,336,483) had a disability. In 2011, 13.33% ( 1,671,648) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 12,539,757) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 5,249,750 (2000) to 5,579,394 (2011) -- a change of 329,644 ( 6.28%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 5,249,750 100.0 5,579,394 100.0 329,644 6.3
  Occupied housing units 4,777,003 91.0 4,937,333 88.5 160,330 3.4
    Owner-occupied housing units 3,406,337 64.9 3,431,023 61.5 24,686 0.7
    Renter-occupied housing units 1,370,666 26.1 1,506,310 27.0 135,644 9.9
  Vacant housing units 472,747 9.0 642,061 11.5 169,314 35.8

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $97,000 (2000) to $164,800 (2011) -- a change of $67,800 ( 69.90%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 3,406,337 100.0 3,431,023 100.0 24,686 0.7
  Less than $50,000 435,193 12.8 311,456 9.1 -123,737 -28.4
  $50,000 to $99,999 1,079,698 31.7 608,422 17.7 -471,276 -43.6
  $100,000 to $149,999 703,093 20.6 582,288 17.0 -120,805 -17.2
  $150,000 to $199,999 344,172 10.1 607,307 17.7 263,135 76.5
  $200,000 to $299,999 214,812 6.3 694,111 20.2 479,299 223.1
  $300,000 to $499,999 84,425 2.5 453,255 13.2 368,830 436.9
  $500,000 to $999,999 23,654 0.7 147,860 4.3 124,206 525.1
  $1,000,000 or more 4,437 0.1 26,324 0.8 21,887 493.3
Median value (dollars) 97,000... 164,800... 67,800 69.9

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $531 (2000) to $786 (2011) -- a change of $255 ( 48.02%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,010 (2000) to $1,408 (2011) -- a change of $398 ( 39.41%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 1,798,402 100.0 2,142,717 100.0 344,315 19.1
  Less than $300 9,157 0.5 2,750 0.1 -6,407 -70.0
  $300 to $499 108,720 6.0 39,736 1.9 -68,984 -63.5
  $500 to $699 270,083 15.0 134,952 6.3 -135,131 -50.0
  $700 to $999 498,003 27.7 358,434 16.7 -139,569 -28.0
  $1,000 to $1,499 546,365 30.4 648,859 30.3 102,494 18.8
  $1,500 to $1,999 220,493 12.3 446,937 20.9 226,444 102.7
  $2,000 or more 145,581 8.1 511,049 23.9 365,468 251.0
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,010... 1,408... 398 39.4
Housing units without a mortgage 1,091,082 60.7 1,288,306 100.0 197,224 18.1
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 318... 478... 160 50.3


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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