Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: South Dakota

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The South Dakota total population increased from 754,844 (2000) to 824,082 (2011) -- a change of 69,238 ( 9.17%). The median age increased from 35.6 (2000) to 37.1 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 151,580 (2000) to 143,301 (2011) -- a change of -8,279 ( -5.46%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 754,844 100.0 824,082 100.0 69,238 9.2
  Male 374,558 49.6 410,505 49.8 35,947 9.6
  Female 380,286 50.4 413,577 50.2 33,291 8.8
  Under 5 years 51,069 6.8 58,548 7.1 7,479 14.6
  5 to 9 years 54,486 7.2 55,802 6.8 1,316 2.4
  10 to 14 years 59,463 7.9 54,352 6.6 -5,111 -8.6
  15 to 19 years 62,463 8.3 59,036 7.2 -3,427 -5.5
  20 to 24 years 52,802 7.0 58,756 7.1 5,954 11.3
  25 to 34 years 91,013 12.1 104,412 12.7 13,399 14.7
  35 to 44 years 115,386 15.3 96,172 11.7 -19,214 -16.7
  45 to 54 years 97,682 12.9 115,573 14.0 17,891 18.3
  55 to 59 years 33,611 4.5 52,597 6.4 18,986 56.5
  60 to 64 years 28,738 3.8 48,809 5.9 20,071 69.8
  65 to 74 years 53,129 7.0 60,225 7.3 7,096 13.4
  75 to 84 years 38,916 5.2 39,487 4.8 571 1.5
  85 years and over 16,086 2.1 20,313 2.5 4,227 26.3
  Median age 35.6... 37.1... 1.5 4.2

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 430,5353.829,0863.6
  5- 928,5443.526,9873.3
  10-1427,6783.426,2823.2
  15-1929,6823.627,9463.4
  20-2429,6633.627,9333.4
  25-2928,9583.626,6123.3
  30-3425,6253.124,2343.0
  35-3923,2762.922,4902.8
  40-4424,2083.023,1382.8
  45-4928,9533.628,5663.5
  50-5429,8613.729,5383.6
  55-5927,4453.426,7863.3
  60-6422,1002.721,4732.6
  65-6915,5641.916,3802.0
  70-7412,0641.513,6191.7
  75-799,4751.212,2491.5
  80-847,4530.910,5511.3
  85+ 6,2970.812,9291.6

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 4,378 (2000) to 7,855 (2011) -- a change of 3,477 ( 79.42%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 556 (2000) to 279 (2011) -- a change of -277 ( -49.82%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 754,844 100.0 824,082 100.0 69,238 9.2
One Race 744,688 98.7 803,942 97.6 59,254 8.0
  White 669,404 88.7 707,944 85.9 38,540 5.8
  Black or African American 4,685 0.6 9,517 1.2 4,832 103.1
  American Indian and Alaska Native 62,283 8.3 71,532 8.7 9,249 14.8
  Asian 4,378 0.6 7,855 1.0 3,477 79.4
    Asian Indian 611 0.1 2,016 0.2 1,405 230.0
    Chinese 816 0.1 1,627 0.2 811 99.4
    Filipino 613 0.1 1,001 0.1 388 63.3
    Japanese 350 0.0 0 0.0 -350 -100.0
    Korean 584 0.1 1,053 0.1 469 80.3
    Vietnamese 574 0.1 387 0.0 -187 -32.6
    Other Asian 830 0.1 1,771 0.2 941 113.4
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 261 0.0 63 0.0 -198 -75.9
    Native Hawaiian 79 0.0 -1 0.0 -80 -101.3
    Guamanian or Chamorro 58 0.0 -1 0.0 -59 -101.7
    Samoan 47 0.0 -1 0.0 -48 -102.1
    Other Pacific Islander 77 0.0 -1 0.0 -78 -101.3
  Some other race 3,677 0.5 7,031 0.9 3,354 91.2
Two or more races 10,156 1.3 20,140 2.4 9,984 98.3
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 678,604 89.9 727,015 88.2 48,411 7.1
  Black or African American 6,687 0.9 14,917 1.8 8,230 123.1
  American Indian and Alaska Native 68,281 9.0 85,955 10.4 17,674 25.9
  Asian 6,009 0.8 9,126 1.1 3,117 51.9
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 556 0.1 279 0.0 -277 -49.8
  Some other race 5,351 0.7 8,153 1.0 2,802 52.4
Hispanic 10,903 1.4 22,899 2.8 11,996 110.0

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 290,245 (2000) to 323,215 (2011) -- a change of 32,970 ( 11.36%). The number of families increased from 194,330 (2000) to 210,679 (2011) -- a change of 16,349 ( 8.41%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 290,245 100.0 323,215 100.0 32,970 11.4
  Family households (families) 194,330 67.0 210,679 65.2 16,349 8.4
    Married-couple family 157,391 54.2 163,103 50.5 5,712 3.6
  Nonfamily households 95,915 33.0 112,536 34.8 16,621 17.3
    Householder living alone 80,040 27.6 93,067 28.8 13,027 16.3
      Householder 65 years and over 32,163 11.1 32,893 10.2 730 2.3

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 156,006 (2000) to 168,906 (2011) -- a change of 12,900 ( 8.27%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 474,359 100.0 537,588 100.0 63,229 13.3
  Less than 9th grade 35,421 7.5 22,219 4.1 -13,202 -37.3
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 37,759 8.0 28,408 5.3 -9,351 -24.8
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 156,006 32.9 168,906 31.4 12,900 8.3
  Some college, no degree 109,300 23.0 124,081 23.1 14,781 13.5
  Associate's degree 33,861 7.1 52,340 9.7 18,479 54.6
  Bachelor's degree 73,563 15.5 97,956 18.2 24,393 33.2
  Graduate or professional degree 28,449 6.0 43,678 8.1 15,229 53.5
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 84.6... 90.6 6.0 7.1
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 21.5... 26.3 4.8 22.3

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 208,229 (2000) to 219,022 (2011) -- a change of 10,793 ( 5.18%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 208,229 100.0 219,022 100.0 10,793 5.2
  Nursery school, preschool 12,693 6.1 14,459 6.6 1,766 13.9
  Kindergarten 11,173 5.4 11,414 5.2 241 2.2
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 92,769 44.6 87,218 39.8 -5,551 -6.0
  High school (grades 9-12) 48,700 23.4 45,103 20.6 -3,597 -7.4
  College or graduate school 42,894 20.6 60,828 27.8 17,934 41.8

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 16,376 (2000) to 17,034 (2011) -- a change of 658 ( 4.02%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 703,820 100.0 765,534 100.0 61,714 8.8
  English only 658,245 93.5 715,199 93.4 56,954 8.7
  Language other than English 45,575 6.5 50,335 6.6 4,760 10.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 16,376 2.3 17,034 2.2 658 4.0
  Spanish 10,052 1.4 17,599 2.3 7,547 75.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 3,999 0.6 7,693 1.0 3,694 92.4
  Other Indo-European languages 19,510 2.8 12,793 1.7 -6,717 -34.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 7,699 1.1 3,670 0.5 -4,029 -52.3
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 3,053 0.4 5,771 0.8 2,718 89.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 1,505 0.2 2,565 0.3 1,060 70.4

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 374,373 (2000) to 415,623 (2011) -- a change of 41,250 ( 11.02%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 577,129 100.0 644,425 100.0 67,296 11.7
  In labor force 394,945 68.4 443,509 68.8 48,564 12.3
    Civilian labor force 391,594 67.9 439,730 68.2 48,136 12.3
      Employed 374,373 64.9 415,623 64.5 41,250 11.0
      Unemployed 17,221 3.0 24,107 3.7 6,886 40.0
      Percent of civilian labor force... 4.4... 5.5 1.1 25.0
    Armed Forces 3,351 0.6 3,779 0.6 428 12.8
  Not in labor force 182,184 31.6 200,916 31.2 18,732 10.3

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 374,373 100.0 415,623 100.0 41,250 11.0
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 30,305 8.1 29,302 7.1 -1,003 -3.3
  Construction 23,448 6.3 26,376 6.3 2,928 12.5
  Manufacturing 41,421 11.1 40,902 9.8 -519 -1.3
  Wholesale trade 12,431 3.3 10,887 2.6 -1,544 -12.4
  Retail trade 44,829 12.0 47,810 11.5 2,981 6.6
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 17,419 4.7 17,042 4.1 -377 -2.2
  Information 8,033 2.1 6,812 1.6 -1,221 -15.2
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 27,615 7.4 28,805 6.9 1,190 4.3
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 18,624 5.0 24,229 5.8 5,605 30.1
  Educational, health and social services 82,297 22.0 100,008 24.1 17,711 21.5
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 30,906 8.3 40,749 9.8 9,843 31.8
  Other services (except public administration) 18,986 5.1 18,047 4.3 -939 -4.9
  Public administration 18,059 4.8 24,654 5.9 6,595 36.5

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 447,153 (May 2012) to 443,915 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -3,238 ( -0.7%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force447,153445,876444,343442,112442,459443,915
  Employed428,125426,890424,815422,416422,824424,157
  Unemployed19,02818,98619,52819,69619,63519,758
  Unemployment rate 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 16.6 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 372,648). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 16.9 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 410,028).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 44.34% ( 312,043) of the population 5 years and over ( 703,820) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 15.44% ( 125,739) of the population 1 year and over ( 814,175) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $35,282 (2000) to $48,321 (2011) -- a change of $13,039 ( 36.96%). The per capita income increased from $17,562 (2000) to $24,701 (2011) -- a change of $7,139 ( 40.65%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income increased from $46,993 (2010) to $48,321 (2011) -- a change of $1,328 ( 2.83%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.442 (2010) to 0.432 (2011) -- a change of -0.010 ( -2.262%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 290,336 100.0 323,215 100.0 32,879 11.3
  Less than $10,000 30,881 10.6 21,417 6.6 -9,464 -30.6
  $10,000 to $14,999 22,421 7.7 20,594 6.4 -1,827 -8.1
  $15,000 to $24,999 46,823 16.1 40,197 12.4 -6,626 -14.2
  $25,000 to $34,999 43,884 15.1 37,269 11.5 -6,615 -15.1
  $35,000 to $49,999 55,160 19.0 46,073 14.3 -9,087 -16.5
  $50,000 to $74,999 53,817 18.5 66,844 20.7 13,027 24.2
  $75,000 to $99,999 20,150 6.9 42,333 13.1 22,183 110.1
  $100,000 to $149,999 11,090 3.8 31,924 9.9 20,834 187.9
  $150,000 to $199,999 2,872 1.0 8,753 2.7 5,881 204.8
  $200,000 or more 3,238 1.1 7,811 2.4 4,573 141.2
  Median household income (dollars) 35,282... 48,321... 13,039 37.0
  Median family income (dollars) 43,237... 62,059... 18,822 43.5
  Per capita income (dollars) 17,562... 24,701... 7,139 40.7

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $36,372M (2011Q2) to $37,699M (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,327M ( 3.6%). Per capita personal income increased from $44,548 (2011Q2) to $45,747 (2012Q2) -- a change of $2,037 ( 4.6%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 35,99836,37236,41836,96736,97437,699
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 31,17531,57431,58332,15132,39032,798
  Farm income 10.2/ 4,8234,7984,8354,8164,5844,901
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 25,96926,24126,23626,80226,65327,210
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 2,2582,2712,2452,2992,3072,326
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 1,0891,1071,1021,1371,1311,141
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 1,1691,1641,1431,1631,1761,185
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -176-182-178-195-190-194
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 23,53523,78823,81324,30724,15524,691
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 7,1067,2067,2417,2837,3557,487
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 5,3575,3785,3645,3775,4645,521
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 14,79315,02214,98415,43115,45115,610
Supplements to wages and salaries 3,9073,9473,9294,0304,0284,058
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 2,7382,7832,7862,8672,8512,873
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 1,1691,1641,1431,1631,1761,185
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 7,2697,2717,3227,3417,1747,543
  Farm proprietors' income 4,5944,5694,6064,5874,3604,706
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 2,6762,7022,7162,7542,8132,837
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 44,09044,54844,60545,27744,86745,747

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 9.30 (2000) to 9.60 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 13.18 (2000) to 13.90 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 805,505) with health insurance was 709,597. Of those with health insurance, 579,490 had private health insurance and 231,705 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 16.71% ( 114,619) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 686,094) had a disability. In 2011, 11.67% ( 93,987) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 805,505) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 323,208 (2000) to 366,521 (2011) -- a change of 43,313 ( 13.40%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 323,208 100.0 366,521 100.0 43,313 13.4
  Occupied housing units 290,245 89.8 323,215 88.2 32,970 11.4
    Owner-occupied housing units 197,940 61.2 221,382 60.4 23,442 11.8
    Renter-occupied housing units 92,305 28.6 101,833 27.8 9,528 10.3
  Vacant housing units 32,963 10.2 43,306 11.8 10,343 31.4

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $79,600 (2000) to $131,400 (2011) -- a change of $51,800 ( 65.08%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 197,940 100.0 221,382 100.0 23,442 11.8
  Less than $50,000 33,332 16.8 35,820 16.2 2,488 7.5
  $50,000 to $99,999 61,385 31.0 41,148 18.6 -20,237 -33.0
  $100,000 to $149,999 26,863 13.6 49,603 22.4 22,740 84.7
  $150,000 to $199,999 8,957 4.5 41,142 18.6 32,185 359.3
  $200,000 to $299,999 4,875 2.5 31,498 14.2 26,623 546.1
  $300,000 to $499,999 1,682 0.8 16,648 7.5 14,966 889.8
  $500,000 to $999,999 308 0.2 3,550 1.6 3,242 1052.6
  $1,000,000 or more 129 0.1 1,973 0.9 1,844 1429.5
Median value (dollars) 79,600... 131,400... 51,800 65.1

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $426 (2000) to $612 (2011) -- a change of $186 ( 43.66%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $828 (2000) to $1,178 (2011) -- a change of $350 ( 42.27%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 83,359 100.0 130,058 100.0 46,699 56.0
  Less than $300 836 1.0 511 0.4 -325 -38.9
  $300 to $499 8,901 10.7 4,534 3.5 -4,367 -49.1
  $500 to $699 18,876 22.6 11,503 8.8 -7,373 -39.1
  $700 to $999 27,839 33.4 28,758 22.1 919 3.3
  $1,000 to $1,499 19,083 22.9 50,202 38.6 31,119 163.1
  $1,500 to $1,999 4,980 6.0 22,211 17.1 17,231 346.0
  $2,000 or more 2,844 3.4 12,339 9.5 9,495 333.9
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 828... 1,178... 350 42.3
Housing units without a mortgage 54,172 65.0 91,324 100.0 37,152 68.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 279... 405... 126 45.2


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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