Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Tennessee

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Tennessee total population increased from 5,689,283 (2000) to 6,403,353 (2011) -- a change of 714,070 ( 12.55%). The median age increased from 35.9 (2000) to 38.3 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,023,641 (2000) to 1,090,666 (2011) -- a change of 67,025 ( 6.55%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 5,689,283 100.0 6,403,353 100.0 714,070 12.6
  Male 2,770,275 48.7 3,118,951 48.7 348,676 12.6
  Female 2,919,008 51.3 3,284,402 51.3 365,394 12.5
  Under 5 years 374,880 6.6 399,788 6.2 24,908 6.6
  5 to 9 years 395,813 7.0 403,272 6.3 7,459 1.9
  10 to 14 years 395,155 6.9 431,978 6.7 36,823 9.3
  15 to 19 years 395,184 6.9 431,921 6.7 36,737 9.3
  20 to 24 years 386,345 6.8 442,002 6.9 55,657 14.4
  25 to 34 years 815,901 14.3 831,963 13.0 16,062 2.0
  35 to 44 years 902,527 15.9 841,710 13.1 -60,817 -6.7
  45 to 54 years 786,916 13.8 923,784 14.4 136,868 17.4
  55 to 59 years 293,942 5.2 424,931 6.6 130,989 44.6
  60 to 64 years 239,309 4.2 392,971 6.1 153,662 64.2
  65 to 74 years 382,852 6.7 502,187 7.8 119,335 31.2
  75 to 84 years 238,994 4.2 269,066 4.2 30,072 12.6
  85 years and over 81,465 1.4 107,780 1.7 26,315 32.3
  Median age 35.9... 38.3... 2.4 6.7

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4208,1193.3199,6943.1
  5- 9210,0903.3202,0913.2
  10-14215,0393.4203,9023.2
  15-19223,0023.5214,1843.4
  20-24212,9053.4213,3393.4
  25-29206,9973.3210,6863.3
  30-34201,5293.2204,7853.2
  35-39209,7603.3213,8623.4
  40-44213,0143.4217,4943.4
  45-49228,0863.6239,0013.8
  50-54222,2833.5237,0663.7
  55-59198,7213.1216,2703.4
  60-64177,9242.8192,8003.0
  65-69133,1392.1147,3992.3
  70-7494,1121.5112,4241.8
  75-7965,6371.088,8801.4
  80-8443,1110.768,8431.1
  85+ 30,0360.569,8811.1

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 56,662 (2000) to 92,286 (2011) -- a change of 35,624 ( 62.87%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 4,587 (2000) to 5,932 (2011) -- a change of 1,345 ( 29.32%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 5,689,283 100.0 6,403,353 100.0 714,070 12.6
One Race 5,626,174 98.9 6,281,879 98.1 655,705 11.7
  White 4,563,310 80.2 4,990,068 77.9 426,758 9.4
  Black or African American 932,809 16.4 1,071,463 16.7 138,654 14.9
  American Indian and Alaska Native 15,152 0.3 18,732 0.3 3,580 23.6
  Asian 56,662 1.0 92,286 1.4 35,624 62.9
    Asian Indian 12,835 0.2 25,567 0.4 12,732 99.2
    Chinese 9,426 0.2 14,354 0.2 4,928 52.3
    Filipino 5,426 0.1 8,786 0.1 3,360 61.9
    Japanese 4,304 0.1 2,969 0.0 -1,335 -31.0
    Korean 7,395 0.1 8,251 0.1 856 11.6
    Vietnamese 7,007 0.1 12,375 0.2 5,368 76.6
    Other Asian 10,269 0.2 19,984 0.3 9,715 94.6
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 2,205 0.0 2,299 0.0 94 4.3
    Native Hawaiian 539 0.0 239 0.0 -300 -55.7
    Guamanian or Chamorro 696 0.0 571 0.0 -125 -18.0
    Samoan 544 0.0 92 0.0 -452 -83.1
    Other Pacific Islander 426 0.0 1,397 0.0 971 227.9
  Some other race 56,036 1.0 107,031 1.7 50,995 91.0
Two or more races 63,109 1.1 121,474 1.9 58,365 92.5
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 4,617,553 81.2 5,100,851 79.7 483,298 10.5
  Black or African American 953,349 16.8 1,125,026 17.6 171,677 18.0
  American Indian and Alaska Native 39,188 0.7 66,125 1.0 26,937 68.7
  Asian 68,918 1.2 114,333 1.8 45,415 65.9
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 4,587 0.1 5,932 0.1 1,345 29.3
  Some other race 72,929 1.3 120,710 1.9 47,781 65.5
Hispanic 123,838 2.2 296,307 4.6 172,469 139.3

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 2,232,905 (2000) to 2,467,428 (2011) -- a change of 234,523 ( 10.50%). The number of families increased from 1,547,835 (2000) to 1,625,686 (2011) -- a change of 77,851 ( 5.03%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 2,232,905 100.0 2,467,428 100.0 234,523 10.5
  Family households (families) 1,547,835 69.3 1,625,686 65.9 77,851 5.0
    Married-couple family 1,173,960 52.6 1,189,542 48.2 15,582 1.3
  Nonfamily households 685,070 30.7 841,742 34.1 156,672 22.9
    Householder living alone 576,401 25.8 715,609 29.0 139,208 24.2
      Householder 65 years and over 201,850 9.0 236,803 9.6 34,953 17.3

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 1,182,699 (2000) to 1,435,886 (2011) -- a change of 253,187 ( 21.41%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 3,744,928 100.0 4,294,392 100.0 549,464 14.7
  Less than 9th grade 359,789 9.6 262,111 6.1 -97,678 -27.1
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 541,895 14.5 414,411 9.7 -127,484 -23.5
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 1,182,699 31.6 1,435,886 33.4 253,187 21.4
  Some college, no degree 750,149 20.0 908,721 21.2 158,572 21.1
  Associate's degree 177,708 4.7 259,365 6.0 81,657 46.0
  Bachelor's degree 478,463 12.8 655,551 15.3 177,088 37.0
  Graduate or professional degree 254,225 6.8 358,347 8.3 104,122 41.0
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 75.9... 84.2 8.3 10.9
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 19.6... 23.6 4.0 20.4

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 1,415,105 (2000) to 1,594,654 (2011) -- a change of 179,549 ( 12.69%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,415,105 100.0 1,594,654 100.0 179,549 12.7
  Nursery school, preschool 90,016 6.4 90,073 5.6 57 0.1
  Kindergarten 78,278 5.5 75,411 4.7 -2,867 -3.7
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 650,037 45.9 679,431 42.6 29,394 4.5
  High school (grades 9-12) 309,224 21.9 333,601 20.9 24,377 7.9
  College or graduate school 287,550 20.3 416,138 26.1 128,588 44.7

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 108,265 (2000) to 174,871 (2011) -- a change of 66,606 ( 61.52%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 5,315,920 100.0 6,003,565 100.0 687,645 12.9
  English only 5,059,404 95.2 5,588,896 93.1 529,492 10.5
  Language other than English 256,516 4.8 414,669 6.9 158,153 61.7
    Speak English less than "very well" 108,265 2.0 174,871 2.9 66,606 61.5
  Spanish 133,931 2.5 246,448 4.1 112,517 84.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 64,378 1.2 113,781 1.9 49,403 76.7
  Other Indo-European languages 68,879 1.3 80,301 1.3 11,422 16.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 19,044 0.4 21,178 0.4 2,134 11.2
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 39,701 0.7 59,578 1.0 19,877 50.1
    Speak English less than "very well" 20,071 0.4 26,746 0.4 6,675 33.3

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 2,651,638 (2000) to 2,784,462 (2011) -- a change of 132,824 ( 5.01%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 4,445,909 100.0 5,082,309 100.0 636,400 14.3
  In labor force 2,822,908 63.5 3,129,639 61.6 306,731 10.9
    Civilian labor force 2,805,234 63.1 3,113,007 61.3 307,773 11.0
      Employed 2,651,638 59.6 2,784,462 54.8 132,824 5.0
      Unemployed 153,596 3.5 328,545 6.5 174,949 113.9
      Percent of civilian labor force... 5.5... 10.6 5.1 92.7
    Armed Forces 17,674 0.4 16,632 0.3 -1,042 -5.9
  Not in labor force 1,623,001 36.5 1,952,670 38.4 329,669 20.3

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 2,651,638 100.0 2,784,462 100.0 132,824 5.0
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 36,051 1.4 31,199 1.1 -4,852 -13.5
  Construction 193,255 7.3 171,366 6.2 -21,889 -11.3
  Manufacturing 501,836 18.9 361,740 13.0 -140,096 -27.9
  Wholesale trade 101,183 3.8 81,348 2.9 -19,835 -19.6
  Retail trade 312,992 11.8 348,819 12.5 35,827 11.4
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 166,144 6.3 171,613 6.2 5,469 3.3
  Information 63,200 2.4 52,296 1.9 -10,904 -17.3
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 153,323 5.8 161,082 5.8 7,759 5.1
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 196,702 7.4 246,332 8.8 49,630 25.2
  Educational, health and social services 493,673 18.6 627,820 22.5 134,147 27.2
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 199,260 7.5 262,066 9.4 62,806 31.5
  Other services (except public administration) 128,068 4.8 142,275 5.1 14,207 11.1
  Public administration 105,951 4.0 126,506 4.5 20,555 19.4

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 3,106,052 (May 2012) to 3,108,745 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 2,693 ( 0.1%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force3,106,0523,109,9133,107,7993,109,8493,107,2453,108,745
  Employed2,861,3332,858,3122,846,0932,845,7512,849,2742,855,180
  Unemployed244,719251,601261,706264,098257,971253,565
  Unemployment rate 7.9 8.1 8.4 8.5 8.3 8.2

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 24.5 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 2,618,404). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 24.2 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 2,738,221).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 46.09% ( 2,450,373) of the population 5 years and over ( 5,315,920) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 15.64% ( 990,488) of the population 1 year and over ( 6,333,466) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $36,360 (2000) to $41,693 (2011) -- a change of $5,333 ( 14.67%). The per capita income increased from $19,393 (2000) to $23,320 (2011) -- a change of $3,927 ( 20.25%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $42,453 (2010) to $41,693 (2011) -- a change of ($760) ( -1.79%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.468 (2010) to 0.476 (2011) -- a change of 0.008 ( 1.709%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 2,234,229 100.0 2,467,428 100.0 233,199 10.4
  Less than $10,000 267,405 12.0 237,496 9.6 -29,909 -11.2
  $10,000 to $14,999 161,773 7.2 171,242 6.9 9,469 5.9
  $15,000 to $24,999 326,134 14.6 337,049 13.7 10,915 3.3
  $25,000 to $34,999 319,921 14.3 305,443 12.4 -14,478 -4.5
  $35,000 to $49,999 388,095 17.4 369,708 15.0 -18,387 -4.7
  $50,000 to $74,999 405,364 18.1 429,760 17.4 24,396 6.0
  $75,000 to $99,999 179,559 8.0 262,392 10.6 82,833 46.1
  $100,000 to $149,999 116,779 5.2 223,092 9.0 106,313 91.0
  $150,000 to $199,999 31,095 1.4 67,972 2.8 36,877 118.6
  $200,000 or more 38,104 1.7 63,274 2.6 25,170 66.1
  Median household income (dollars) 36,360... 41,693... 5,333 14.7
  Median family income (dollars) 43,517... 52,273... 8,756 20.1
  Per capita income (dollars) 19,393... 23,320... 3,927 20.2

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $234,158M (2011Q2) to $243,034M (2012Q2) -- a change of $8,876M ( 3.8%). Per capita personal income increased from $36,835 (2011Q2) to $37,954 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,664 ( 4.5%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 232,410234,158234,971235,077240,612243,034
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 232,020233,782234,589234,723240,059242,424
  Farm income 10.2/ 390376382353553610
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 169,892171,570172,750172,849178,043179,667
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 16,44516,63916,78416,80517,33117,458
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 7,9438,0758,1748,2158,4148,478
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 8,5038,5648,6108,5898,9178,980
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -422-398-418-481-585-621
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 153,024154,532155,547155,564160,127161,588
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 28,40928,76428,67928,75629,15429,812
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 50,97750,86150,74550,75651,33151,634
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 114,746115,841116,725116,652120,238121,347
Supplements to wages and salaries 27,75328,00828,22428,24328,93829,158
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 19,25019,44419,61319,65320,02120,178
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 8,5038,5648,6108,5898,9178,980
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 27,39227,72127,80127,95528,86829,162
  Farm proprietors' income 213198204175322408
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 27,17927,52227,59727,78028,54528,754
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 36,56036,83536,96336,98037,57637,954

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 10.32 (2000) to 13.70 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 13.48 (2000) to 18.30 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 6,302,351) with health insurance was 5,379,701. Of those with health insurance, 3,996,970 had private health insurance and 2,101,358 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 22.05% ( 1,149,693) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 5,214,986) had a disability. In 2011, 15.26% ( 961,894) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 6,302,351) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 2,439,443 (2000) to 2,829,125 (2011) -- a change of 389,682 ( 15.97%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 2,439,443 100.0 2,829,125 100.0 389,682 16.0
  Occupied housing units 2,232,905 91.5 2,467,428 87.2 234,523 10.5
    Owner-occupied housing units 1,561,363 64.0 1,660,076 58.7 98,713 6.3
    Renter-occupied housing units 671,542 27.5 807,352 28.5 135,810 20.2
  Vacant housing units 206,538 8.5 361,697 12.8 155,159 75.1

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $93,000 (2000) to $138,300 (2011) -- a change of $45,300 ( 48.71%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 1,561,363 100.0 1,660,076 100.0 98,713 6.3
  Less than $50,000 156,935 10.1 175,251 10.6 18,316 11.7
  $50,000 to $99,999 517,407 33.1 368,115 22.2 -149,292 -28.9
  $100,000 to $149,999 271,857 17.4 365,087 22.0 93,230 34.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 126,104 8.1 284,681 17.1 158,577 125.8
  $200,000 to $299,999 84,945 5.4 253,066 15.2 168,121 197.9
  $300,000 to $499,999 35,806 2.3 145,889 8.8 110,083 307.4
  $500,000 to $999,999 10,187 0.7 52,716 3.2 42,529 417.5
  $1,000,000 or more 2,690 0.2 15,271 0.9 12,581 467.7
Median value (dollars) 93,000... 138,300... 45,300 48.7

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $505 (2000) to $715 (2011) -- a change of $210 ( 41.58%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $882 (2000) to $1,172 (2011) -- a change of $290 ( 32.88%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 795,765 100.0 1,028,144 100.0 232,379 29.2
  Less than $300 9,832 1.2 3,030 0.3 -6,802 -69.2
  $300 to $499 72,397 9.1 28,505 2.8 -43,892 -60.6
  $500 to $699 153,139 19.2 92,615 9.0 -60,524 -39.5
  $700 to $999 250,216 31.4 246,831 24.0 -3,385 -1.4
  $1,000 to $1,499 201,077 25.3 356,990 34.7 155,913 77.5
  $1,500 to $1,999 66,297 8.3 166,593 16.2 100,296 151.3
  $2,000 or more 42,807 5.4 133,580 13.0 90,773 212.1
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 882... 1,172... 290 32.9
Housing units without a mortgage 410,166 51.5 631,932 100.0 221,766 54.1
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 240... 347... 107 44.6


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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