Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Texas

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

Contents - select topic from scroll box below
  Available Areas - select area from scroll box below

1. Population. The Texas total population increased from 20,851,820 (2000) to 25,674,681 (2011) -- a change of 4,822,861 ( 23.13%). The median age increased from 32.3 (2000) to 33.7 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 4,262,131 (2000) to 5,004,335 (2011) -- a change of 742,204 ( 17.41%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 20,851,820 100.0 25,674,681 100.0 4,822,861 23.1
  Male 10,352,910 49.6 12,741,162 49.6 2,388,252 23.1
  Female 10,498,910 50.4 12,933,519 50.4 2,434,609 23.2
  Under 5 years 1,624,628 7.8 1,953,347 7.6 328,719 20.2
  5 to 9 years 1,654,184 7.9 1,981,163 7.7 326,979 19.8
  10 to 14 years 1,631,192 7.8 1,901,653 7.4 270,461 16.6
  15 to 19 years 1,636,232 7.8 1,890,217 7.4 253,985 15.5
  20 to 24 years 1,539,404 7.4 1,873,910 7.3 334,506 21.7
  25 to 34 years 3,162,083 15.2 3,671,399 14.3 509,316 16.1
  35 to 44 years 3,322,238 15.9 3,512,490 13.7 190,252 5.7
  45 to 54 years 2,611,137 12.5 3,449,260 13.4 838,123 32.1
  55 to 59 years 896,521 4.3 1,465,217 5.7 568,696 63.4
  60 to 64 years 701,669 3.4 1,268,200 4.9 566,531 80.7
  65 to 74 years 1,142,608 5.5 1,541,420 6.0 398,812 34.9
  75 to 84 years 691,984 3.3 844,061 3.3 152,077 22.0
  85 years and over 237,940 1.1 322,344 1.3 84,404 35.5
  Median age 32.3... 33.7... 1.4 4.3

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4984,1493.9944,3243.8
  5- 9983,8143.9944,4203.8
  10-14962,8663.8919,0173.7
  15-19968,6863.9914,4383.6
  20-24932,3533.7884,7263.5
  25-29938,9663.7914,0733.6
  30-34882,8873.5877,5473.5
  35-39876,1393.5887,4483.5
  40-44846,8653.4847,9303.4
  45-49874,8633.5885,6043.5
  50-54827,9333.3846,9363.4
  55-59691,2752.7731,6492.9
  60-64565,8202.3608,9472.4
  65-69403,2691.6449,8311.8
  70-74283,8651.1335,2911.3
  75-79208,5300.8268,7151.1
  80-84139,0290.6208,1770.8
  85+ 100,9710.4204,2080.8

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 562,319 (2000) to 999,118 (2011) -- a change of 436,799 ( 77.68%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 29,094 (2000) to 47,206 (2011) -- a change of 18,112 ( 62.25%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 20,851,820 100.0 25,674,681 100.0 4,822,861 23.1
One Race 20,337,187 97.5 25,077,779 97.7 4,740,592 23.3
  White 14,799,505 71.0 19,149,157 74.6 4,349,652 29.4
  Black or African American 2,404,566 11.5 3,011,795 11.7 607,229 25.3
  American Indian and Alaska Native 118,362 0.6 128,773 0.5 10,411 8.8
  Asian 562,319 2.7 999,118 3.9 436,799 77.7
    Asian Indian 129,365 0.6 254,187 1.0 124,822 96.5
    Chinese 105,829 0.5 168,387 0.7 62,558 59.1
    Filipino 58,340 0.3 104,496 0.4 46,156 79.1
    Japanese 17,120 0.1 16,077 0.1 -1,043 -6.1
    Korean 45,571 0.2 69,477 0.3 23,906 52.5
    Vietnamese 134,961 0.6 228,094 0.9 93,133 69.0
    Other Asian 71,133 0.3 158,400 0.6 87,267 122.7
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 14,434 0.1 18,726 0.1 4,292 29.7
    Native Hawaiian 3,475 0.0 5,546 0.0 2,071 59.6
    Guamanian or Chamorro 3,641 0.0 5,393 0.0 1,752 48.1
    Samoan 2,491 0.0 2,581 0.0 90 3.6
    Other Pacific Islander 4,827 0.0 5,206 0.0 379 7.9
  Some other race 2,438,001 11.7 1,770,210 6.9 -667,791 -27.4
Two or more races 514,633 2.5 596,902 2.3 82,269 16.0
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 15,240,387 73.1 19,649,143 76.5 4,408,756 28.9
  Black or African American 2,493,057 12.0 3,223,055 12.6 729,998 29.3
  American Indian and Alaska Native 215,599 1.0 295,669 1.2 80,070 37.1
  Asian 644,193 3.1 1,155,009 4.5 510,816 79.3
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 29,094 0.1 47,206 0.2 18,112 62.3
  Some other race 2,766,586 13.3 1,935,347 7.5 -831,239 -30.0
Hispanic 6,669,666 32.0 9,791,628 38.1 3,121,962 46.8

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 7,393,354 (2000) to 8,850,370 (2011) -- a change of 1,457,016 ( 19.71%). The number of families increased from 5,247,794 (2000) to 6,171,317 (2011) -- a change of 923,523 ( 17.60%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 7,393,354 100.0 8,850,370 100.0 1,457,016 19.7
  Family households (families) 5,247,794 71.0 6,171,317 69.7 923,523 17.6
    Married-couple family 3,989,741 54.0 4,429,883 50.1 440,142 11.0
  Nonfamily households 2,145,560 29.0 2,679,053 30.3 533,493 24.9
    Householder living alone 1,752,141 23.7 2,210,249 25.0 458,108 26.1
      Householder 65 years and over 536,286 7.3 650,332 7.3 114,046 21.3

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 3,176,743 (2000) to 4,099,519 (2011) -- a change of 922,776 ( 29.05%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 12,790,893 100.0 16,074,391 100.0 3,283,498 25.7
  Less than 9th grade 1,465,420 11.5 1,529,216 9.5 63,796 4.4
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 1,649,141 12.9 1,513,011 9.4 -136,130 -8.3
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 3,176,743 24.8 4,099,519 25.5 922,776 29.0
  Some college, no degree 2,858,802 22.4 3,632,685 22.6 773,883 27.1
  Associate's degree 668,494 5.2 1,052,281 6.5 383,787 57.4
  Bachelor's degree 1,996,250 15.6 2,847,501 17.7 851,251 42.6
  Graduate or professional degree 976,043 7.6 1,400,178 8.7 424,135 43.5
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 75.7... 81.1 5.4 7.1
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 23.2... 26.4 3.2 13.8

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 5,948,260 (2000) to 7,320,055 (2011) -- a change of 1,371,795 ( 23.06%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 5,948,260 100.0 7,320,055 100.0 1,371,795 23.1
  Nursery school, preschool 390,094 6.6 452,096 6.2 62,002 15.9
  Kindergarten 348,203 5.9 419,037 5.7 70,834 20.3
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 2,707,281 45.5 3,114,840 42.6 407,559 15.1
  High school (grades 9-12) 1,299,792 21.9 1,505,432 20.6 205,640 15.8
  College or graduate school 1,202,890 20.2 1,828,650 25.0 625,760 52.0

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 2,669,603 (2000) to 3,442,354 (2011) -- a change of 772,751 ( 28.95%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 19,241,518 100.0 23,721,334 100.0 4,479,816 23.3
  English only 13,230,765 68.8 15,500,132 65.3 2,269,367 17.2
  Language other than English 6,010,753 31.2 8,221,202 34.7 2,210,449 36.8
    Speak English less than "very well" 2,669,603 13.9 3,442,354 14.5 772,751 28.9
  Spanish 5,195,182 27.0 6,988,697 29.5 1,793,515 34.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 2,369,036 12.3 2,993,427 12.6 624,391 26.4
  Other Indo-European languages 358,019 1.9 482,108 2.0 124,089 34.7
    Speak English less than "very well" 92,380 0.5 126,850 0.5 34,470 37.3
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 374,330 1.9 596,994 2.5 222,664 59.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 186,504 1.0 278,598 1.2 92,094 49.4

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 9,234,372 (2000) to 11,455,069 (2011) -- a change of 2,220,697 ( 24.05%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 15,617,373 100.0 19,455,689 100.0 3,838,316 24.6
  In labor force 9,937,150 63.6 12,619,599 64.9 2,682,449 27.0
    Civilian labor force 9,830,559 62.9 12,520,343 64.4 2,689,784 27.4
      Employed 9,234,372 59.1 11,455,069 58.9 2,220,697 24.0
      Unemployed 596,187 3.8 1,065,274 5.5 469,087 78.7
      Percent of civilian labor force... 6.1... 8.5 2.4 39.3
    Armed Forces 106,591 0.7 99,256 0.5 -7,335 -6.9
  Not in labor force 5,680,223 36.4 6,836,090 35.1 1,155,867 20.3

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 9,234,372 100.0 11,455,069 100.0 2,220,697 24.0
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 247,697 2.7 335,301 2.9 87,604 35.4
  Construction 743,606 8.1 867,044 7.6 123,438 16.6
  Manufacturing 1,093,752 11.8 1,082,680 9.5 -11,072 -1.0
  Wholesale trade 362,928 3.9 341,663 3.0 -21,265 -5.9
  Retail trade 1,108,004 12.0 1,340,729 11.7 232,725 21.0
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 535,568 5.8 630,271 5.5 94,703 17.7
  Information 283,256 3.1 203,933 1.8 -79,323 -28.0
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 630,133 6.8 747,519 6.5 117,386 18.6
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 878,726 9.5 1,222,127 10.7 343,401 39.1
  Educational, health and social services 1,779,801 19.3 2,524,104 22.0 744,303 41.8
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 673,016 7.3 996,044 8.7 323,028 48.0
  Other services (except public administration) 480,785 5.2 646,553 5.6 165,768 34.5
  Public administration 417,100 4.5 517,101 4.5 100,001 24.0

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 12,610,375 (May 2012) to 12,644,007 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 33,632 ( 0.3%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force12,610,37512,634,35812,642,22112,628,63812,631,63712,644,007
  Employed11,740,82511,751,05811,738,41311,727,01511,770,26711,811,521
  Unemployed869,550883,300903,808901,623861,370832,486
  Unemployment rate 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.1 6.8 6.6

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 25.4 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 9,157,875). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 24.8 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 11,336,474).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 50.39% ( 9,696,151) of the population 5 years and over ( 19,241,518) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 17.14% ( 4,342,249) of the population 1 year and over ( 25,327,104) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $39,927 (2000) to $49,392 (2011) -- a change of $9,465 ( 23.71%). The per capita income increased from $19,617 (2000) to $24,682 (2011) -- a change of $5,065 ( 25.82%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $50,010 (2010) to $49,392 (2011) -- a change of ($618) ( -1.24%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.469 (2010) to 0.477 (2011) -- a change of 0.008 ( 1.706%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 7,397,294 100.0 8,850,370 100.0 1,453,076 19.6
  Less than $10,000 767,505 10.4 707,895 8.0 -59,610 -7.8
  $10,000 to $14,999 491,154 6.6 511,139 5.8 19,985 4.1
  $15,000 to $24,999 1,004,123 13.6 1,038,328 11.7 34,205 3.4
  $25,000 to $34,999 996,141 13.5 962,087 10.9 -34,054 -3.4
  $35,000 to $49,999 1,219,358 16.5 1,247,252 14.1 27,894 2.3
  $50,000 to $74,999 1,359,437 18.4 1,574,049 17.8 214,612 15.8
  $75,000 to $99,999 705,684 9.5 1,001,080 11.3 295,396 41.9
  $100,000 to $149,999 536,018 7.2 1,054,481 11.9 518,463 96.7
  $150,000 to $199,999 153,492 2.1 379,364 4.3 225,872 147.2
  $200,000 or more 164,382 2.2 374,695 4.2 210,313 127.9
  Median household income (dollars) 39,927... 49,392... 9,465 23.7
  Median family income (dollars) 45,861... 58,016... 12,155 26.5
  Per capita income (dollars) 19,617... 24,682... 5,065 25.8

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $1,028,379M (2011Q2) to $1,072,547M (2012Q2) -- a change of $44,168M ( 4.3%). Per capita personal income increased from $40,716 (2011Q2) to $41,775 (2012Q2) -- a change of $2,411 ( 5.9%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 1,018,9631,028,3791,036,3621,039,2951,063,2311,072,547
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 1,015,0491,024,5041,032,4411,035,5391,058,8281,069,041
  Farm income 10.2/ 3,9143,8753,9213,7554,4033,506
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 787,297795,378803,170804,638827,091833,582
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 67,13167,55867,84767,79469,96170,430
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 31,05331,30631,43631,46432,20732,425
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 36,07836,25236,41136,33037,75438,006
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ -2,124-2,182-2,234-2,251-2,382-2,406
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 718,042725,638733,089734,593754,749760,746
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 140,923142,419142,889143,648145,122147,720
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 159,998160,323160,384161,055163,360164,081
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 527,467533,878539,432540,759557,087561,808
Supplements to wages and salaries 122,426123,689124,821125,330128,281129,267
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 86,34987,43788,41089,00090,52791,261
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 36,07836,25236,41136,33037,75438,006
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 137,404137,811138,917138,549141,724142,508
  Farm proprietors' income 2,3722,3352,3842,2202,9322,218
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 135,033135,476136,533136,329138,791140,289
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 40,34440,71641,03241,14941,41241,775

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 11.97 (2000) to 14.40 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 15.37 (2000) to 18.50 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 25,197,453) with health insurance was 19,407,607. Of those with health insurance, 14,454,069 had private health insurance and 6,961,782 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 19.22% ( 3,605,542) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 18,761,475) had a disability. In 2011, 11.53% ( 2,906,416) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 25,197,453) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 8,157,575 (2000) to 10,099,242 (2011) -- a change of 1,941,667 ( 23.80%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 8,157,575 100.0 10,099,242 100.0 1,941,667 23.8
  Occupied housing units 7,393,354 90.6 8,850,370 87.6 1,457,016 19.7
    Owner-occupied housing units 4,716,959 57.8 5,568,300 55.1 851,341 18.0
    Renter-occupied housing units 2,676,395 32.8 3,282,070 32.5 605,675 22.6
  Vacant housing units 764,221 9.4 1,248,872 12.4 484,651 63.4

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $82,500 (2000) to $127,700 (2011) -- a change of $45,200 ( 54.79%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 4,716,959 100.0 5,568,300 100.0 851,341 18.0
  Less than $50,000 875,444 18.6 681,452 12.2 -193,992 -22.2
  $50,000 to $99,999 1,561,509 33.1 1,367,087 24.6 -194,422 -12.5
  $100,000 to $149,999 700,830 14.9 1,222,597 22.0 521,767 74.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 335,179 7.1 880,231 15.8 545,052 162.6
  $200,000 to $299,999 223,968 4.7 766,593 13.8 542,625 242.3
  $300,000 to $499,999 104,821 2.2 430,446 7.7 325,625 310.6
  $500,000 to $999,999 37,697 0.8 167,308 3.0 129,611 343.8
  $1,000,000 or more 10,137 0.2 52,586 0.9 42,449 418.8
Median value (dollars) 82,500... 127,700... 45,200 54.8

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $574 (2000) to $813 (2011) -- a change of $239 ( 41.64%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $986 (2000) to $1,398 (2011) -- a change of $412 ( 41.78%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 2,471,978 100.0 3,425,023 100.0 953,045 38.6
  Less than $300 20,398 0.8 5,385 0.2 -15,013 -73.6
  $300 to $499 165,939 6.7 44,992 1.3 -120,947 -72.9
  $500 to $699 374,627 15.2 176,772 5.2 -197,855 -52.8
  $700 to $999 706,875 28.6 556,604 16.3 -150,271 -21.3
  $1,000 to $1,499 710,869 28.8 1,151,741 33.6 440,872 62.0
  $1,500 to $1,999 278,944 11.3 756,186 22.1 477,242 171.1
  $2,000 or more 214,326 8.7 733,343 21.4 519,017 242.2
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 986... 1,398... 412 41.8
Housing units without a mortgage 1,377,607 55.7 2,143,277 100.0 765,670 55.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 296... 443... 147 49.7


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
ProximityOne. Copyright © 2012. All Rights Reserved.
This document may be freely redistributed without further authorization.