Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Virginia

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Virginia total population increased from 7,078,515 (2000) to 8,096,604 (2011) -- a change of 1,018,089 ( 14.38%). The median age increased from 35.7 (2000) to 37.6 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,276,280 (2000) to 1,344,677 (2011) -- a change of 68,397 ( 5.36%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 7,078,515 100.0 8,096,604 100.0 1,018,089 14.4
  Male 3,471,895 49.0 3,978,779 49.1 506,884 14.6
  Female 3,606,620 51.0 4,117,825 50.9 511,205 14.2
  Under 5 years 461,982 6.5 508,416 6.3 46,434 10.1
  5 to 9 years 495,084 7.0 515,172 6.4 20,088 4.1
  10 to 14 years 495,955 7.0 516,238 6.4 20,283 4.1
  15 to 19 years 484,065 6.8 554,009 6.8 69,944 14.4
  20 to 24 years 480,574 6.8 583,925 7.2 103,351 21.5
  25 to 34 years 1,036,965 14.6 1,102,896 13.6 65,931 6.4
  35 to 44 years 1,200,690 17.0 1,108,137 13.7 -92,553 -7.7
  45 to 54 years 999,256 14.1 1,202,545 14.9 203,289 20.3
  55 to 59 years 358,442 5.1 518,366 6.4 159,924 44.6
  60 to 64 years 273,169 3.9 476,565 5.9 203,396 74.5
  65 to 74 years 432,456 6.1 572,124 7.1 139,668 32.3
  75 to 84 years 272,611 3.9 307,943 3.8 35,332 13.0
  85 years and over 87,266 1.2 130,268 1.6 43,002 49.3
  Median age 35.7... 37.6... 1.9 5.3

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4260,1073.3249,5183.1
  5- 9260,5493.3251,3003.1
  10-14261,6243.3249,6223.1
  15-19281,5023.5269,4633.4
  20-24294,0413.7278,0503.5
  25-29283,9703.5280,3723.5
  30-34261,6543.3264,4233.3
  35-39268,1373.4271,9263.4
  40-44280,4013.5288,4643.6
  45-49304,9893.8316,1664.0
  50-54288,7833.6304,0623.8
  55-59246,5913.1266,0043.3
  60-64212,3132.7230,0562.9
  65-69151,2781.9169,0242.1
  70-74105,1771.3124,3251.6
  75-7975,3110.998,6181.2
  80-8451,1100.679,6911.0
  85+ 38,4460.583,9571.0

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 261,025 (2000) to 455,242 (2011) -- a change of 194,217 ( 74.41%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 9,984 (2000) to 15,241 (2011) -- a change of 5,257 ( 52.65%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 7,078,515 100.0 8,096,604 100.0 1,018,089 14.4
One Race 6,935,446 98.0 7,855,858 97.0 920,412 13.3
  White 5,120,110 72.3 5,615,742 69.4 495,632 9.7
  Black or African American 1,390,293 19.6 1,581,452 19.5 191,159 13.7
  American Indian and Alaska Native 21,172 0.3 24,374 0.3 3,202 15.1
  Asian 261,025 3.7 455,242 5.6 194,217 74.4
    Asian Indian 48,815 0.7 110,604 1.4 61,789 126.6
    Chinese 36,966 0.5 53,749 0.7 16,783 45.4
    Filipino 47,609 0.7 66,805 0.8 19,196 40.3
    Japanese 9,080 0.1 11,732 0.1 2,652 29.2
    Korean 45,279 0.6 78,492 1.0 33,213 73.4
    Vietnamese 37,309 0.5 59,821 0.7 22,512 60.3
    Other Asian 35,967 0.5 74,039 0.9 38,072 105.9
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 3,946 0.1 5,084 0.1 1,138 28.8
    Native Hawaiian 1,023 0.0 1,520 0.0 497 48.6
    Guamanian or Chamorro 1,310 0.0 2,063 0.0 753 57.5
    Samoan 631 0.0 692 0.0 61 9.7
    Other Pacific Islander 982 0.0 809 0.0 -173 -17.6
  Some other race 138,900 2.0 173,964 2.1 35,064 25.2
Two or more races 143,069 2.0 240,746 3.0 97,677 68.3
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 5,233,601 73.9 5,819,499 71.9 585,898 11.2
  Black or African American 1,441,207 20.4 1,698,860 21.0 257,653 17.9
  American Indian and Alaska Native 52,864 0.7 80,009 1.0 27,145 51.3
  Asian 304,559 4.3 542,341 6.7 237,782 78.1
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 9,984 0.1 15,241 0.2 5,257 52.7
  Some other race 190,308 2.7 206,828 2.6 16,520 8.7
Hispanic 329,540 4.7 648,793 8.0 319,253 96.9

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 2,699,173 (2000) to 2,990,650 (2011) -- a change of 291,477 ( 10.80%). The number of families increased from 1,847,796 (2000) to 2,010,914 (2011) -- a change of 163,118 ( 8.83%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 2,699,173 100.0 2,990,650 100.0 291,477 10.8
  Family households (families) 1,847,796 68.5 2,010,914 67.2 163,118 8.8
    Married-couple family 1,426,044 52.8 1,518,944 50.8 92,900 6.5
  Nonfamily households 851,377 31.5 979,736 32.8 128,359 15.1
    Householder living alone 676,907 25.1 787,081 26.3 110,174 16.3
      Householder 65 years and over 216,588 8.0 256,023 8.6 39,435 18.2

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 1,212,463 (2000) to 1,388,613 (2011) -- a change of 176,150 ( 14.53%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 4,666,574 100.0 5,418,844 100.0 752,270 16.1
  Less than 9th grade 338,184 7.2 261,250 4.8 -76,934 -22.7
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 526,426 11.3 397,638 7.3 -128,788 -24.5
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 1,212,463 26.0 1,388,613 25.6 176,150 14.5
  Some college, no degree 951,700 20.4 1,087,264 20.1 135,564 14.2
  Associate's degree 262,813 5.6 380,585 7.0 117,772 44.8
  Bachelor's degree 835,011 17.9 1,111,225 20.5 276,214 33.1
  Graduate or professional degree 539,977 11.6 792,269 14.6 252,292 46.7
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 81.5... 87.8 6.3 7.7
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 29.5... 35.1 5.6 19.0

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 1,868,101 (2000) to 2,156,250 (2011) -- a change of 288,149 ( 15.42%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,868,101 100.0 2,156,250 100.0 288,149 15.4
  Nursery school, preschool 125,701 6.7 128,182 5.9 2,481 2.0
  Kindergarten 101,127 5.4 107,858 5.0 6,731 6.7
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 806,445 43.2 820,912 38.1 14,467 1.8
  High school (grades 9-12) 384,028 20.6 425,819 19.7 41,791 10.9
  College or graduate school 450,800 24.1 673,479 31.2 222,679 49.4

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 303,729 (2000) to 421,112 (2011) -- a change of 117,383 ( 38.65%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 6,619,266 100.0 7,588,188 100.0 968,922 14.6
  English only 5,884,075 88.9 6,455,878 85.1 571,803 9.7
  Language other than English 735,191 11.1 1,132,310 14.9 397,119 54.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 303,729 4.6 421,112 5.5 117,383 38.6
  Spanish 316,274 4.8 511,047 6.7 194,773 61.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 151,938 2.3 216,855 2.9 64,917 42.7
  Other Indo-European languages 195,846 3.0 267,372 3.5 71,526 36.5
    Speak English less than "very well" 53,125 0.8 69,478 0.9 16,353 30.8
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 170,136 2.6 261,048 3.4 90,912 53.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 82,167 1.2 107,904 1.4 25,737 31.3

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 3,412,647 (2000) to 3,860,131 (2011) -- a change of 447,484 ( 13.11%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 5,529,980 100.0 6,449,833 100.0 919,853 16.6
  In labor force 3,694,663 66.8 4,281,894 66.4 587,231 15.9
    Civilian labor force 3,563,772 64.4 4,175,698 64.7 611,926 17.2
      Employed 3,412,647 61.7 3,860,131 59.8 447,484 13.1
      Unemployed 151,125 2.7 315,567 4.9 164,442 108.8
      Percent of civilian labor force... 4.2... 7.6 3.4 81.0
    Armed Forces 130,891 2.4 106,196 1.6 -24,695 -18.9
  Not in labor force 1,835,317 33.2 2,167,939 33.6 332,622 18.1

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 3,412,647 100.0 3,860,131 100.0 447,484 13.1
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 43,425 1.3 40,926 1.1 -2,499 -5.8
  Construction 250,155 7.3 240,938 6.2 -9,217 -3.7
  Manufacturing 387,104 11.3 280,339 7.3 -106,765 -27.6
  Wholesale trade 93,477 2.7 76,734 2.0 -16,743 -17.9
  Retail trade 389,437 11.4 414,000 10.7 24,563 6.3
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 158,477 4.6 164,365 4.3 5,888 3.7
  Information 130,592 3.8 81,233 2.1 -49,359 -37.8
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 226,222 6.6 244,036 6.3 17,814 7.9
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 395,681 11.6 565,209 14.6 169,528 42.8
  Educational, health and social services 626,156 18.3 839,650 21.8 213,494 34.1
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 245,967 7.2 334,126 8.7 88,159 35.8
  Other services (except public administration) 183,695 5.4 203,122 5.3 19,427 10.6
  Public administration 282,259 8.3 375,453 9.7 93,194 33.0

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 4,339,802 (May 2012) to 4,347,210 (Oct 2012) -- a change of 7,408 ( 0.2%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force4,339,8024,338,8124,333,3884,321,4304,331,9764,347,210
  Employed4,098,2124,092,3634,078,0654,065,9044,077,7294,097,622
  Unemployed241,590246,449255,323255,526254,247249,588
  Unemployment rate 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.7

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 27.0 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 3,481,820). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 27.7 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 3,883,249).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 47.83% ( 3,165,780) of the population 5 years and over ( 6,619,266) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 15.09% ( 1,206,932) of the population 1 year and over ( 7,996,552) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $46,677 (2000) to $61,882 (2011) -- a change of $15,205 ( 32.57%). The per capita income increased from $23,975 (2000) to $32,123 (2011) -- a change of $8,148 ( 33.99%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $62,173 (2010) to $61,882 (2011) -- a change of ($291) ( -0.47%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.459 (2010) to 0.463 (2011) -- a change of 0.004 ( 0.871%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 2,700,335 100.0 2,990,650 100.0 290,315 10.8
  Less than $10,000 214,076 7.9 181,436 6.1 -32,640 -15.2
  $10,000 to $14,999 141,948 5.3 131,558 4.4 -10,390 -7.3
  $15,000 to $24,999 308,532 11.4 263,099 8.8 -45,433 -14.7
  $25,000 to $34,999 326,821 12.1 267,790 9.0 -59,031 -18.1
  $35,000 to $49,999 444,682 16.5 372,420 12.5 -72,262 -16.3
  $50,000 to $74,999 549,412 20.3 532,226 17.8 -17,186 -3.1
  $75,000 to $99,999 307,107 11.4 389,974 13.0 82,867 27.0
  $100,000 to $149,999 254,948 9.4 441,396 14.8 186,448 73.1
  $150,000 to $199,999 80,046 3.0 201,441 6.7 121,395 151.7
  $200,000 or more 72,763 2.7 209,310 7.0 136,547 187.7
  Median household income (dollars) 46,677... 61,882... 15,205 32.6
  Median family income (dollars) 54,169... 74,500... 20,331 37.5
  Per capita income (dollars) 23,975... 32,123... 8,148 34.0

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $372,443M (2011Q2) to $385,017M (2012Q2) -- a change of $12,574M ( 3.4%). Per capita personal income increased from $46,413 (2011Q2) to $47,553 (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,980 ( 4.3%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 370,065372,443374,497376,242381,023385,017
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 369,576371,961374,018375,778380,241384,301
  Farm income 10.2/ 490482479464783716
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 278,771279,307280,973281,932285,394287,778
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 27,11527,07727,15927,18127,55527,739
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 12,39912,36312,37112,38512,45712,548
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 14,71614,71414,78814,79615,09815,192
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 11,96512,30412,34712,42512,41912,371
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 263,622264,534266,161267,176270,257272,410
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 56,45657,63857,94158,40159,21160,531
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 49,98750,27150,39450,66551,55552,076
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 202,811202,863204,080204,524207,046208,907
Supplements to wages and salaries 53,08453,25653,68454,10654,29454,641
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 38,36838,54238,89639,31039,19539,449
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 14,71614,71414,78814,79615,09815,192
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 22,87723,18823,20923,30224,05524,231
  Farm proprietors' income 249241240225479450
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 22,62822,94622,97023,07723,57623,781
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 46,11646,41346,66946,88647,06047,553

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 6.98 (2000) to 8.20 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 9.59 (2000) to 11.50 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 7,887,164) with health insurance was 6,904,303. Of those with health insurance, 5,864,242 had private health insurance and 1,908,641 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 18.11% ( 1,155,083) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 6,377,588) had a disability. In 2011, 11.00% ( 867,558) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 7,887,164) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 2,904,192 (2000) to 3,387,801 (2011) -- a change of 483,609 ( 16.65%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 2,904,192 100.0 3,387,801 100.0 483,609 16.7
  Occupied housing units 2,699,173 92.9 2,990,650 88.3 291,477 10.8
    Owner-occupied housing units 1,837,939 63.3 2,013,595 59.4 175,656 9.6
    Renter-occupied housing units 861,234 29.7 977,055 28.8 115,821 13.4
  Vacant housing units 205,019 7.1 397,151 11.7 192,132 93.7

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $125,400 (2000) to $243,100 (2011) -- a change of $117,700 ( 93.86%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 1,837,939 100.0 2,013,595 100.0 175,656 9.6
  Less than $50,000 91,881 5.0 101,719 5.1 9,838 10.7
  $50,000 to $99,999 462,870 25.2 157,238 7.8 -305,632 -66.0
  $100,000 to $149,999 373,288 20.3 227,513 11.3 -145,775 -39.1
  $150,000 to $199,999 233,999 12.7 297,857 14.8 63,858 27.3
  $200,000 to $299,999 209,613 11.4 472,822 23.5 263,209 125.6
  $300,000 to $499,999 107,093 5.8 448,650 22.3 341,557 318.9
  $500,000 to $999,999 28,041 1.5 264,164 13.1 236,123 842.1
  $1,000,000 or more 4,013 0.2 43,632 2.2 39,619 987.3
Median value (dollars) 125,400... 243,100... 117,700 93.9

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $650 (2000) to $1,062 (2011) -- a change of $412 ( 63.38%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,144 (2000) to $1,707 (2011) -- a change of $563 ( 49.21%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 1,135,138 100.0 1,438,099 100.0 302,961 26.7
  Less than $300 7,700 0.7 2,197 0.2 -5,503 -71.5
  $300 to $499 53,357 4.7 20,847 1.4 -32,510 -60.9
  $500 to $699 119,751 10.5 58,022 4.0 -61,729 -51.5
  $700 to $999 271,257 23.9 154,986 10.8 -116,271 -42.9
  $1,000 to $1,499 357,075 31.5 343,206 23.9 -13,869 -3.9
  $1,500 to $1,999 188,573 16.6 308,286 21.4 119,713 63.5
  $2,000 or more 137,425 12.1 550,555 38.3 413,130 300.6
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,144... 1,707... 563 49.2
Housing units without a mortgage 375,660 33.1 575,496 100.0 199,836 53.2
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 263... 415... 152 57.8


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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