Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: Washington

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The Washington total population increased from 5,894,121 (2000) to 6,830,038 (2011) -- a change of 935,917 ( 15.88%). The median age increased from 35.3 (2000) to 37.3 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 1,119,537 (2000) to 1,140,895 (2011) -- a change of 21,358 ( 1.91%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 5,894,121 100.0 6,830,038 100.0 935,917 15.9
  Male 2,934,300 49.8 3,408,061 49.9 473,761 16.1
  Female 2,959,821 50.2 3,421,977 50.1 462,156 15.6
  Under 5 years 394,306 6.7 439,347 6.4 45,041 11.4
  5 to 9 years 425,909 7.2 429,725 6.3 3,816 0.9
  10 to 14 years 434,836 7.4 444,223 6.5 9,387 2.2
  15 to 19 years 427,968 7.3 450,496 6.6 22,528 5.3
  20 to 24 years 390,185 6.6 482,821 7.1 92,636 23.7
  25 to 34 years 841,130 14.3 959,672 14.1 118,542 14.1
  35 to 44 years 975,087 16.5 914,023 13.4 -61,064 -6.3
  45 to 54 years 845,972 14.4 973,954 14.3 127,982 15.1
  55 to 59 years 285,505 4.8 458,465 6.7 172,960 60.6
  60 to 64 years 211,075 3.6 416,069 6.1 204,994 97.1
  65 to 74 years 337,166 5.7 483,777 7.1 146,611 43.5
  75 to 84 years 240,897 4.1 257,371 3.8 16,474 6.8
  85 years and over 84,085 1.4 120,095 1.8 36,010 42.8
  Median age 35.3... 37.3... 2.0 5.7

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 4225,0883.3214,5693.2
  5- 9219,7023.3210,1753.1
  10-14224,7173.3213,5163.2
  15-19237,5773.5224,5513.3
  20-24238,1313.5223,3813.3
  25-29245,0143.6235,3843.5
  30-34229,8633.4223,5203.3
  35-39226,8503.4221,7573.3
  40-44232,5873.5227,1113.4
  45-49246,5073.7246,4023.7
  50-54245,9973.7249,2993.7
  55-59221,3213.3231,7573.4
  60-64186,3782.8195,7092.9
  65-69131,0641.9139,4102.1
  70-7488,7601.397,9861.5
  75-7964,3251.077,7431.2
  80-8445,7430.765,3751.0
  85+ 40,0830.677,1881.1

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 322,335 (2000) to 501,712 (2011) -- a change of 179,377 ( 55.65%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 42,761 (2000) to 77,078 (2011) -- a change of 34,317 ( 80.25%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 5,894,121 100.0 6,830,038 100.0 935,917 15.9
One Race 5,680,602 96.4 6,509,219 95.3 828,617 14.6
  White 4,821,823 81.8 5,357,161 78.4 535,338 11.1
  Black or African American 190,267 3.2 239,665 3.5 49,398 26.0
  American Indian and Alaska Native 93,301 1.6 91,703 1.3 -1,598 -1.7
  Asian 322,335 5.5 501,712 7.3 179,377 55.6
    Asian Indian 23,992 0.4 61,509 0.9 37,517 156.4
    Chinese 59,914 1.0 107,306 1.6 47,392 79.1
    Filipino 65,373 1.1 88,257 1.3 22,884 35.0
    Japanese 35,985 0.6 34,438 0.5 -1,547 -4.3
    Korean 46,880 0.8 57,946 0.8 11,066 23.6
    Vietnamese 46,149 0.8 72,398 1.1 26,249 56.9
    Other Asian 44,042 0.7 79,858 1.2 35,816 81.3
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 23,953 0.4 40,300 0.6 16,347 68.2
    Native Hawaiian 4,883 0.1 5,138 0.1 255 5.2
    Guamanian or Chamorro 5,823 0.1 7,891 0.1 2,068 35.5
    Samoan 8,049 0.1 14,856 0.2 6,807 84.6
    Other Pacific Islander 5,198 0.1 12,415 0.2 7,217 138.8
  Some other race 228,923 3.9 278,678 4.1 49,755 21.7
Two or more races 213,519 3.6 320,819 4.7 107,300 50.3
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 5,003,180 84.9 5,638,753 82.6 635,573 12.7
  Black or African American 238,398 4.0 335,290 4.9 96,892 40.6
  American Indian and Alaska Native 158,940 2.7 195,098 2.9 36,158 22.7
  Asian 395,741 6.7 624,622 9.1 228,881 57.8
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 42,761 0.7 77,078 1.1 34,317 80.3
  Some other race 287,400 4.9 314,301 4.6 26,901 9.4
Hispanic 441,509 7.5 789,060 11.6 347,551 78.7

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) increased from 2,271,398 (2000) to 2,632,621 (2011) -- a change of 361,223 ( 15.90%). The number of families increased from 1,499,127 (2000) to 1,699,851 (2011) -- a change of 200,724 ( 13.39%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 2,271,398 100.0 2,632,621 100.0 361,223 15.9
  Family households (families) 1,499,127 66.0 1,699,851 64.6 200,724 13.4
    Married-couple family 1,181,995 52.0 1,303,418 49.5 121,423 10.3
  Nonfamily households 772,271 34.0 932,770 35.4 160,499 20.8
    Householder living alone 594,325 26.2 724,391 27.5 130,066 21.9
      Householder 65 years and over 184,924 8.1 228,997 8.7 44,073 23.8

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 953,544 (2000) to 1,092,508 (2011) -- a change of 138,964 ( 14.57%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 3,827,507 100.0 4,583,426 100.0 755,919 19.7
  Less than 9th grade 165,205 4.3 192,924 4.2 27,719 16.8
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 329,131 8.6 258,880 5.6 -70,251 -21.3
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 953,544 24.9 1,092,508 23.8 138,964 14.6
  Some college, no degree 1,010,801 26.4 1,132,829 24.7 122,028 12.1
  Associate's degree 307,401 8.0 445,281 9.7 137,880 44.9
  Bachelor's degree 704,826 18.4 925,095 20.2 220,269 31.3
  Graduate or professional degree 356,599 9.3 535,909 11.7 179,310 50.3
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 87.1... 90.1 3.0 3.4
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 27.7... 31.9 4.2 15.2

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 1,584,701 (2000) to 1,710,462 (2011) -- a change of 125,761 ( 7.94%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,584,701 100.0 1,710,462 100.0 125,761 7.9
  Nursery school, preschool 98,839 6.2 102,700 6.0 3,861 3.9
  Kindergarten 82,637 5.2 85,895 5.0 3,258 3.9
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 697,192 44.0 691,768 40.4 -5,424 -0.8
  High school (grades 9-12) 347,619 21.9 356,539 20.8 8,920 2.6
  College or graduate school 358,414 22.6 473,560 27.7 115,146 32.1

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 350,914 (2000) to 508,518 (2011) -- a change of 157,604 ( 44.91%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 5,501,398 100.0 6,390,691 100.0 889,293 16.2
  English only 4,730,512 86.0 5,204,148 81.4 473,636 10.0
  Language other than English 770,886 14.0 1,186,543 18.6 415,657 53.9
    Speak English less than "very well" 350,914 6.4 508,518 8.0 157,604 44.9
  Spanish 321,490 5.8 517,751 8.1 196,261 61.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 155,374 2.8 234,022 3.7 78,648 50.6
  Other Indo-European languages 176,722 3.2 244,875 3.8 68,153 38.6
    Speak English less than "very well" 62,281 1.1 75,238 1.2 12,957 20.8
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 242,836 4.4 360,169 5.6 117,333 48.3
    Speak English less than "very well" 123,088 2.2 171,341 2.7 48,253 39.2

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 2,793,722 (2000) to 3,117,998 (2011) -- a change of 324,276 ( 11.61%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 4,553,591 100.0 5,434,028 100.0 880,437 19.3
  In labor force 3,027,734 66.5 3,533,079 65.0 505,345 16.7
    Civilian labor force 2,979,824 65.4 3,477,743 64.0 497,919 16.7
      Employed 2,793,722 61.4 3,117,998 57.4 324,276 11.6
      Unemployed 186,102 4.1 359,745 6.6 173,643 93.3
      Percent of civilian labor force... 6.2... 10.3 4.1 66.1
    Armed Forces 47,910 1.1 55,336 1.0 7,426 15.5
  Not in labor force 1,525,857 33.5 1,900,949 35.0 375,092 24.6

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 2,793,722 100.0 3,117,998 100.0 324,276 11.6
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 68,976 2.5 78,549 2.5 9,573 13.9
  Construction 194,871 7.0 196,345 6.3 1,474 0.8
  Manufacturing 348,646 12.5 314,384 10.1 -34,262 -9.8
  Wholesale trade 113,526 4.1 92,480 3.0 -21,046 -18.5
  Retail trade 338,772 12.1 370,644 11.9 31,872 9.4
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 150,985 5.4 159,291 5.1 8,306 5.5
  Information 95,669 3.4 71,068 2.3 -24,601 -25.7
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 170,622 6.1 173,776 5.6 3,154 1.8
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 272,466 9.8 370,955 11.9 98,489 36.1
  Educational, health and social services 541,214 19.4 683,300 21.9 142,086 26.3
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 221,656 7.9 286,675 9.2 65,019 29.3
  Other services (except public administration) 135,379 4.8 149,274 4.8 13,895 10.3
  Public administration 140,940 5.0 171,257 5.5 30,317 21.5

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 3,521,490 (May 2012) to 3,483,699 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -37,791 ( -1.1%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force3,521,4903,526,1393,517,8733,497,9363,495,6873,483,699
  Employed3,228,5633,232,2593,219,0643,195,8723,198,8233,197,898
  Unemployed292,927293,880298,809302,064296,864285,801
  Unemployment rate 8.3 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.2

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 25.5 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 2,785,479). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 25.5 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 3,097,398).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 51.37% ( 2,825,884) of the population 5 years and over ( 5,501,398) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 17.54% ( 1,183,405) of the population 1 year and over ( 6,748,474) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $45,776 (2000) to $56,835 (2011) -- a change of $11,059 ( 24.16%). The per capita income increased from $22,973 (2000) to $29,278 (2011) -- a change of $6,305 ( 27.45%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $57,201 (2010) to $56,835 (2011) -- a change of ($366) ( -0.64%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.441 (2010) to 0.445 (2011) -- a change of 0.004 ( 0.907%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 2,272,261 100.0 2,632,621 100.0 360,360 15.9
  Less than $10,000 171,863 7.6 167,723 6.4 -4,140 -2.4
  $10,000 to $14,999 124,848 5.5 124,351 4.7 -497 -0.4
  $15,000 to $24,999 265,131 11.7 250,343 9.5 -14,788 -5.6
  $25,000 to $34,999 284,630 12.5 255,699 9.7 -28,931 -10.2
  $35,000 to $49,999 389,434 17.1 362,759 13.8 -26,675 -6.8
  $50,000 to $74,999 486,392 21.4 506,212 19.2 19,820 4.1
  $75,000 to $99,999 264,498 11.6 351,044 13.3 86,546 32.7
  $100,000 to $149,999 188,513 8.3 365,108 13.9 176,595 93.7
  $150,000 to $199,999 47,615 2.1 132,363 5.0 84,748 178.0
  $200,000 or more 49,337 2.2 117,019 4.4 67,682 137.2
  Median household income (dollars) 45,776... 56,835... 11,059 24.2
  Median family income (dollars) 53,760... 68,628... 14,868 27.7
  Per capita income (dollars) 22,973... 29,278... 6,305 27.4

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $298,456M (2011Q2) to $311,463M (2012Q2) -- a change of $13,007M ( 4.4%). Per capita personal income increased from $44,252 (2011Q2) to $45,602 (2012Q2) -- a change of $2,483 ( 5.6%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 296,387298,456300,593303,305308,287311,463
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 293,313295,396297,616300,333304,947307,934
  Farm income 10.2/ 3,0743,0602,9772,9723,3403,529
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 217,469218,652220,894223,489226,998228,562
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 23,84623,73023,77123,93124,34824,418
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 9,8309,8319,8799,97610,07110,104
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 14,01613,89913,89313,95514,27614,313
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 3,1713,2113,1963,1903,3123,346
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 196,794198,133200,319202,747205,962207,490
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 50,10651,11951,29251,62252,39653,770
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 49,48849,20348,98348,93649,92850,202
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 153,855154,508156,257158,064160,604161,412
Supplements to wages and salaries 39,64739,83940,32340,88741,25741,373
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 25,63125,94026,43026,93226,98127,059
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 14,01613,89913,89313,95514,27614,313
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 23,96724,30624,31524,53825,13625,777
  Farm proprietors' income 1,7701,7541,6711,6651,8002,179
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 22,19722,55222,64422,87223,33723,597
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 43,94544,25244,56944,97145,13745,602

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 7.33 (2000) to 9.40 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 10.62 (2000) to 13.90 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 6,716,822) with health insurance was 5,764,192. Of those with health insurance, 4,624,495 had private health insurance and 1,926,132 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 18.18% ( 981,007) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 5,395,395) had a disability. In 2011, 12.50% ( 839,747) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 6,716,822) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 2,451,075 (2000) to 2,907,605 (2011) -- a change of 456,530 ( 18.63%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 2,451,075 100.0 2,907,605 100.0 456,530 18.6
  Occupied housing units 2,271,398 92.7 2,632,621 90.5 361,223 15.9
    Owner-occupied housing units 1,467,009 59.9 1,653,712 56.9 186,703 12.7
    Renter-occupied housing units 804,389 32.8 978,909 33.7 174,520 21.7
  Vacant housing units 179,677 7.3 274,984 9.5 95,307 53.0

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $168,300 (2000) to $256,300 (2011) -- a change of $88,000 ( 52.29%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 1,467,009 100.0 1,653,712 100.0 186,703 12.7
  Less than $50,000 19,062 1.3 74,813 4.5 55,751 292.5
  $50,000 to $99,999 155,140 10.6 70,279 4.2 -84,861 -54.7
  $100,000 to $149,999 296,818 20.2 150,412 9.1 -146,406 -49.3
  $150,000 to $199,999 265,104 18.1 261,683 15.8 -3,421 -1.3
  $200,000 to $299,999 247,284 16.9 451,863 27.3 204,579 82.7
  $300,000 to $499,999 128,147 8.7 425,748 25.7 297,601 232.2
  $500,000 to $999,999 38,523 2.6 188,029 11.4 149,506 388.1
  $1,000,000 or more 7,384 0.5 30,885 1.9 23,501 318.3
Median value (dollars) 168,300... 256,300... 88,000 52.3

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $663 (2000) to $930 (2011) -- a change of $267 ( 40.27%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $1,268 (2000) to $1,733 (2011) -- a change of $465 ( 36.67%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 872,307 100.0 1,185,543 100.0 313,236 35.9
  Less than $300 2,736 0.3 3,451 0.3 715 26.1
  $300 to $499 21,596 2.5 12,209 1.0 -9,387 -43.5
  $500 to $699 60,136 6.9 31,445 2.7 -28,691 -47.7
  $700 to $999 170,296 19.5 104,244 8.8 -66,052 -38.8
  $1,000 to $1,499 323,484 37.1 295,632 24.9 -27,852 -8.6
  $1,500 to $1,999 177,390 20.3 298,898 25.2 121,508 68.5
  $2,000 or more 116,669 13.4 439,664 37.1 322,995 276.8
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 1,268... 1,733... 465 36.7
Housing units without a mortgage 285,155 32.7 468,169 100.0 183,014 64.2
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 338... 491... 153 45.3


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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