Situation & Outlook Demographic-Economic Narrative Profile
Geographic area: West Virginia

Created 11/21/2012. Next update 12/21/2012. [S&O Profiles & Reports] [Narrative Profile Main] [Notes section]

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1. Population. The West Virginia total population increased from 1,808,344 (2000) to 1,855,364 (2011) -- a change of 47,020 ( 2.60%). The median age increased from 38.9 (2000) to 41.4 (2011). The population ages 5-to-17 changed from 300,588 (2000) to 282,683 (2011) -- a change of -17,905 ( -5.96%).

  Population by Gender/AgeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 1,808,344 100.0 1,855,364 100.0 47,020 2.6
  Male 879,170 48.6 914,474 49.3 35,304 4.0
  Female 929,174 51.4 940,890 50.7 11,716 1.3
  Under 5 years 101,805 5.6 104,148 5.6 2,343 2.3
  5 to 9 years 111,150 6.1 105,786 5.7 -5,364 -4.8
  10 to 14 years 116,182 6.4 109,372 5.9 -6,810 -5.9
  15 to 19 years 125,578 6.9 119,898 6.5 -5,680 -4.5
  20 to 24 years 120,109 6.6 121,962 6.6 1,853 1.5
  25 to 34 years 229,094 12.7 217,905 11.7 -11,189 -4.9
  35 to 44 years 272,249 15.1 233,792 12.6 -38,457 -14.1
  45 to 54 years 270,466 15.0 268,653 14.5 -1,813 -0.7
  55 to 59 years 98,916 5.5 140,723 7.6 41,807 42.3
  60 to 64 years 85,900 4.8 131,808 7.1 45,908 53.4
  65 to 74 years 148,463 8.2 166,663 9.0 18,200 12.3
  75 to 84 years 96,653 5.3 97,463 5.3 810 0.8
  85 years and over 31,779 1.8 37,191 2.0 5,412 17.0
  Median age 38.9... 41.4... 2.5 6.4

Census 2010 Population by 5-Year Age Group & Gender with Population Pyramid [
ranking table ... population pyramids]
Age Male Male% Female Female%
  0- 453,3002.950,7602.7
  5- 954,4292.951,5872.8
  10-1455,5443.053,5012.9
  15-1961,8593.358,2333.1
  20-2459,9253.257,2793.1
  25-2955,0733.053,3712.9
  30-3456,8213.155,4333.0
  35-3959,1123.258,0243.1
  40-4460,7173.359,6413.2
  45-4965,7693.567,1553.6
  50-5470,7443.872,4883.9
  55-5968,5763.770,7923.8
  60-6462,0513.363,4063.4
  65-6944,5382.447,1902.5
  70-7433,3581.838,4342.1
  75-7923,2551.331,4701.7
  80-8417,0990.926,1391.4
  85+ 11,4160.624,5051.3

2. Race/Origin. Among major race groups, the Asian population increased from 9,434 (2000) to 11,492 (2011) -- a change of 2,058 ( 21.81%). Among 'race alone or in combination with other race(s),' the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population changed from 887 (2000) to 760 (2011) -- a change of -127 ( -14.32%).

  Population by Race/OriginCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Population 1,808,344 100.0 1,855,364 100.0 47,020 2.6
One Race 1,792,556 99.1 1,816,997 97.9 24,441 1.4
  White 1,718,777 95.0 1,741,915 93.9 23,138 1.3
  Black or African American 57,232 3.2 56,178 3.0 -1,054 -1.8
  American Indian and Alaska Native 3,606 0.2 2,834 0.2 -772 -21.4
  Asian 9,434 0.5 11,492 0.6 2,058 21.8
    Asian Indian 2,856 0.2 3,074 0.2 218 7.6
    Chinese 1,878 0.1 1,731 0.1 -147 -7.8
    Filipino 1,495 0.1 1,606 0.1 111 7.4
    Japanese 887 0.0 213 0.0 -674 -76.0
    Korean 857 0.0 1,043 0.1 186 21.7
    Vietnamese 379 0.0 1,177 0.1 798 210.6
    Other Asian 1,082 0.1 2,648 0.1 1,566 144.7
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 400 0.0 126 0.0 -274 -68.5
    Native Hawaiian 111 0.0 -1 0.0 -112 -100.9
    Guamanian or Chamorro 87 0.0 -1 0.0 -88 -101.1
    Samoan 79 0.0 -1 0.0 -80 -101.3
    Other Pacific Islander 123 0.0 -1 0.0 -124 -100.8
  Some other race 3,107 0.2 4,452 0.2 1,345 43.3
Two or more races 15,788 0.9 38,367 2.1 22,579 143.0
Race alone or in comb. with one or more other races      
  White 1,733,390 95.9 1,777,699 95.8 44,309 2.6
  Black or African American 62,817 3.5 74,153 4.0 11,336 18.0
  American Indian and Alaska Native 10,644 0.6 21,452 1.2 10,808 101.5
  Asian 11,873 0.7 15,700 0.8 3,827 32.2
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 887 0.0 760 0.0 -127 -14.3
  Some other race 5,579 0.3 5,954 0.3 375 6.7
Hispanic 12,279 0.7 21,302 1.1 9,023 73.5

3. Households and Families. The number of households (occupied housing units) decreased from 736,481 (2000) to 735,408 (2011) -- a change of -1,073 ( -0.15%). The number of families decreased from 504,055 (2000) to 477,809 (2011) -- a change of -26,246 ( -5.21%).

  Households and FamiliesCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total households 736,481 100.0 735,408 100.0 -1,073 -0.1
  Family households (families) 504,055 68.4 477,809 65.0 -26,246 -5.2
    Married-couple family 397,499 54.0 356,697 48.5 -40,802 -10.3
  Nonfamily households 232,426 31.6 257,599 35.0 25,173 10.8
    Householder living alone 199,587 27.1 221,498 30.1 21,911 11.0
      Householder 65 years and over 87,568 11.9 85,976 11.7 -1,592 -1.8

4. Educational Attainment. The number of high school graduates increased from 486,334 (2000) to 539,023 (2011) -- a change of 52,689 ( 10.83%).

  Educational AttainmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 25 years and over 1,233,581 100.0 1,294,198 100.0 60,617 4.9
  Less than 9th grade 123,622 10.0 75,385 5.8 -48,237 -39.0
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma 182,192 14.8 128,987 10.0 -53,205 -29.2
  High school graduate (includes equivalency) 486,334 39.4 539,023 41.6 52,689 10.8
  Some college, no degree 205,025 16.6 229,070 17.7 24,045 11.7
  Associate's degree 53,448 4.3 82,692 6.4 29,244 54.7
  Bachelor's degree 109,651 8.9 150,916 11.7 41,265 37.6
  Graduate or professional degree 73,309 5.9 88,125 6.8 14,816 20.2
  Percent high school graduate or higher... 75.2... 84.2 9.0 12.0
  Percent bachelor's degree or higher... 14.8... 18.5 3.7 25.0

5. School Enrollment. Total school enrollment for population 3 years and over increased from 418,553 (2000) to 420,204 (2011) -- a change of 1,651 ( 0.39%).

  School EnrollmentCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 418,553 100.0 420,204 100.0 1,651 0.4
  Nursery school, preschool 22,008 5.3 23,105 5.5 1,097 5.0
  Kindergarten 22,820 5.5 20,046 4.8 -2,774 -12.2
  Elementary school (grades 1-8) 186,967 44.7 174,798 41.6 -12,169 -6.5
  High school (grades 9-12) 94,429 22.6 86,487 20.6 -7,942 -8.4
  College or graduate school 92,329 22.1 115,768 27.6 23,439 25.4

6. Language. The population 5 years and over who spoke a language other than English at home, but spoke English less than "very well," increased from 13,550 (2000) to 14,249 (2011) -- a change of 699 ( 5.16%).

  Language Spoken at HomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 5 years and over 1,706,931 100.0 1,751,216 100.0 44,285 2.6
  English only 1,661,036 97.3 1,710,906 97.7 49,870 3.0
  Language other than English 45,895 2.7 40,310 2.3 -5,585 -12.2
    Speak English less than "very well" 13,550 0.8 14,249 0.8 699 5.2
  Spanish 17,652 1.0 15,999 0.9 -1,653 -9.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 5,728 0.3 6,067 0.3 339 5.9
  Other Indo-European languages 19,491 1.1 15,323 0.9 -4,168 -21.4
    Speak English less than "very well" 4,970 0.3 4,374 0.2 -596 -12.0
  Asian and Pacific Islander languages 6,038 0.4 6,401 0.4 363 6.0
    Speak English less than "very well" 2,249 0.1 2,866 0.2 617 27.4

7. Employment. Total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over increased from 732,673 (2000) to 748,558 (2011) -- a change of 15,885 ( 2.17%).

  Labor Force StatusCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Population 16 years and over 1,455,101 100.0 1,513,146 100.0 58,045 4.0
  In labor force 792,344 54.5 821,923 54.3 29,579 3.7
    Civilian labor force 790,694 54.3 821,367 54.3 30,673 3.9
      Employed 732,673 50.4 748,558 49.5 15,885 2.2
      Unemployed 58,021 4.0 72,809 4.8 14,788 25.5
      Percent of civilian labor force... 7.3... 8.9 1.6 21.9
    Armed Forces 1,650 0.1 556 0.0 -1,094 -66.3
  Not in labor force 662,757 45.5 691,223 45.7 28,466 4.3

  Employment by IndustryCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Civilian employed population 16 years and over 732,673 100.0 748,558 100.0 15,885 2.2
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 29,945 4.1 40,115 5.4 10,170 34.0
  Construction 51,512 7.0 48,094 6.4 -3,418 -6.6
  Manufacturing 87,147 11.9 63,704 8.5 -23,443 -26.9
  Wholesale trade 20,289 2.8 15,314 2.0 -4,975 -24.5
  Retail trade 95,891 13.1 94,464 12.6 -1,427 -1.5
  Transportation and warehousing,and utilities 43,946 6.0 40,813 5.5 -3,133 -7.1
  Information 15,916 2.2 14,642 2.0 -1,274 -8.0
  Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 33,408 4.6 33,079 4.4 -329 -1.0
  Prof, scientific, mgmt, admin & waste mgmt services 49,188 6.7 51,946 6.9 2,758 5.6
  Educational, health and social services 168,299 23.0 194,916 26.0 26,617 15.8
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accom & food services 58,260 8.0 69,470 9.3 11,210 19.2
  Other services (except public administration) 36,421 5.0 33,200 4.4 -3,221 -8.8
  Public administration 42,451 5.8 48,801 6.5 6,350 15.0

Monthly Labor Force Characteristics. The total employment (civilian labor force) for population 16 years and over decreased from 805,682 (May 2012) to 800,616 (Oct 2012) -- a change of -5,066 ( -0.6%).

  Monthly Labor Force Characteristics
Item (seasonally adjusted)May 2012Jun 2012Jul 2012Aug 2012Sep 2012Oct 2012
Civilian Labor Force805,682804,840800,976798,175799,397800,616
  Employed750,146748,343742,113738,468738,795740,305
  Unemployed55,53656,49758,86359,70760,60260,311
  Unemployment rate 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.5 7.6 7.5

8. Commuting to Work. In 2000, the mean travel time to work was 26.2 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 718,106). In 2011, the mean travel time to work was 25.6 minutes for workers 16 years and over ( 729,472).

9. Geographic Mobility. In 2000, 36.67% ( 625,886) of the population 5 years and over ( 1,706,931) lived in a different house than in 1995. In 2011, 12.39% ( 227,504) of the population 1 year and over ( 1,836,614) lived in a different house than in 2010. There are no 5 year earlier place of residence data for 2011.

10. Income. The median household income increased from $29,696 (2000) to $38,482 (2011) -- a change of $8,786 ( 29.59%). The per capita income increased from $16,477 (2000) to $22,060 (2011) -- a change of $5,583 ( 33.88%).

Household income recent change: 2010 to 2011. The median household income decreased from $39,444 (2010) to $38,482 (2011) -- a change of ($962) ( -2.44%). The Gini Index measure of income inequality changed from 0.451 (2010) to 0.472 (2011) -- a change of 0.021 ( 4.656%). See related details:
http://proximityone.com/statetrends_income.htm.

  Household IncomeCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total Households 737,360 100.0 735,408 100.0 -1,952 -0.3
  Less than $10,000 113,931 15.5 79,520 10.8 -34,411 -30.2
  $10,000 to $14,999 73,514 10.0 59,763 8.1 -13,751 -18.7
  $15,000 to $24,999 128,448 17.4 109,487 14.9 -18,961 -14.8
  $25,000 to $34,999 107,192 14.5 91,423 12.4 -15,769 -14.7
  $35,000 to $49,999 121,089 16.4 106,772 14.5 -14,317 -11.8
  $50,000 to $74,999 111,446 15.1 124,189 16.9 12,743 11.4
  $75,000 to $99,999 44,643 6.1 73,030 9.9 28,387 63.6
  $100,000 to $149,999 24,185 3.3 61,713 8.4 37,528 155.2
  $150,000 to $199,999 5,632 0.8 17,250 2.3 11,618 206.3
  $200,000 or more 7,280 1.0 12,261 1.7 4,981 68.4
  Median household income (dollars) 29,696... 38,482... 8,786 29.6
  Median family income (dollars) 36,484... 49,693... 13,209 36.2
  Per capita income (dollars) 16,477... 22,060... 5,583 33.9

Personal Income. Total personal income increased from $61,999M (2011Q2) to $63,752M (2012Q2) -- a change of $1,753M ( 2.8%). Per capita personal income increased from $33,441 (2011Q2) to $34,361 (2012Q2) -- a change of $971 ( 2.9%).

  Personal Income by Component
Item ($ millions; seasonally adjusted)2011Q12011Q22011Q32011Q42012Q12012Q2
Personal income 61,04861,99962,32862,52763,20763,752
  Nonfarm personal income 10.1/ 61,08662,04462,37062,57663,24463,803
  Farm income 10.2/ -39-44-42-48-36-51
Derivation of personal income       
Earnings by place of work 40,11041,02141,29141,36441,71041,930
  Less: cont. for govt social insurance 10.3/ 4,3414,4454,4704,4754,5224,538
  Employee & self-empl. cont. for govt social insurance 2,0852,1492,1682,1792,1832,191
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 2,2562,2962,3022,2962,3402,348
  Plus: Adjustment for residence 10.4/ 1,1821,1231,1401,1541,2051,223
  Equals: Net earnings by place of residence 36,95137,69837,96138,04238,39338,615
  Plus: Dividends, interest, and rent 10.5/ 7,1277,2797,3227,3837,4817,638
  Plus: Personal current transfer receipts 16,96917,02217,04417,10217,33317,499
Components of earnings by place of work       
Wage and salary disbursements 28,13528,85429,02829,05429,28329,439
Supplements to wages and salaries 7,9718,0978,1738,2028,2088,236
  Employer cont. for employee pensions & insurance 5,7155,8015,8725,9065,8695,888
  Employer cont. for government social insurance 2,2562,2962,3022,2962,3402,348
Proprietors' income 10.6/ 4,0044,0694,0904,1084,2194,255
  Farm proprietors' income -66-71-69-76-71-82
  Nonfarm proprietors' income 4,0694,1414,1594,1844,2914,337
Per Capita Personal Income (dollars) 32,92833,44133,61933,72634,06734,361

11. Poverty. The percent families in poverty changed from 13.89 (2000) to 13.70 (2011). The percent individuals in poverty changed from 17.90 (2000) to 18.60 (2011).

12. Health Insurance. In 2011, the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 1,826,485) with health insurance was 1,554,198. Of those with health insurance, 1,133,132 had private health insurance and 687,181 had public health insurance. Corresponding data for 2000 are not available.

13. Disability. In 2000, 24.43% ( 410,781) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population 5 years and over ( 1,681,351) had a disability. In 2011, 18.94% ( 345,931) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population ( 1,826,485) had a disability. Note that the tabulation universes vary between 2000 and 2011.

14. Housing Units & Tenure. The total number of housing units increased changed from 844,623 (2000) to 881,821 (2011) -- a change of 37,198 ( 4.40%).

  Housing Occupancy/Vacancy & TenureCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Total housing units 844,623 100.0 881,821 100.0 37,198 4.4
  Occupied housing units 736,481 87.2 735,408 83.4 -1,073 -0.1
    Owner-occupied housing units 553,699 65.6 531,392 60.3 -22,307 -4.0
    Renter-occupied housing units 182,782 21.6 204,016 23.1 21,234 11.6
  Vacant housing units 108,142 12.8 146,413 16.6 38,271 35.4

15. Housing Value. The median housing value changed from $72,800 (2000) to $99,300 (2011) -- a change of $26,500 ( 36.40%).

  Housing ValueCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Owner-Occupied Housing Units by Value 553,699 100.0 531,392 100.0 -22,307 -4.0
  Less than $50,000 105,061 19.0 116,571 21.9 11,510 11.0
  $50,000 to $99,999 184,733 33.4 151,186 28.5 -33,547 -18.2
  $100,000 to $149,999 62,302 11.3 96,834 18.2 34,532 55.4
  $150,000 to $199,999 22,939 4.1 72,920 13.7 49,981 217.9
  $200,000 to $299,999 12,536 2.3 60,314 11.4 47,778 381.1
  $300,000 to $499,999 4,094 0.7 23,505 4.4 19,411 474.1
  $500,000 to $999,999 879 0.2 7,575 1.4 6,696 761.8
  $1,000,000 or more 384 0.1 2,487 0.5 2,103 547.7
Median value (dollars) 72,800... 99,300... 26,500 36.4

16. Housing Gross Rent. The median gross rent changed from $401 (2000) to $599 (2011) -- a change of $198 ( 49.38%).

17. Housing Costs. The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners changed from $713 (2000) to $937 (2011) -- a change of $224 ( 31.42%).

  Mortgage Status; Monthly Owner CostsCensus 2000ACS 2011Change
ItemValuePercentValuePercentValuePercent
Housing units with a mortgage 205,315 100.0 262,304 100.0 56,989 27.8
  Less than $300 4,821 2.3 2,128 0.8 -2,693 -55.9
  $300 to $499 36,604 17.8 17,603 6.7 -19,001 -51.9
  $500 to $699 57,904 28.2 46,277 17.6 -11,627 -20.1
  $700 to $999 60,783 29.6 79,571 30.3 18,788 30.9
  $1,000 to $1,499 32,077 15.6 72,417 27.6 40,340 125.8
  $1,500 to $1,999 8,183 4.0 27,392 10.4 19,209 234.7
  $2,000 or more 4,943 2.4 16,916 6.4 11,973 242.2
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 713... 937... 224 31.4
Housing units without a mortgage 187,613 91.4 269,088 100.0 81,475 43.4
  Median monthly owner costs (dollars) 207... 279... 72 34.8


About this Profile. This profile provides a way to better understand “where we are and how demographic size and demographic-economic composition are changing” for states, metros, cities, counties and smaller areas across the Nation. These data enable us to better anticipate change and plan for the future. The data are important components in the development of demographic projections and how change might impact stakeholders on various issues.

This version of the S&O profile shows demographic-economic characteristics for the year 2000 (based on Census 2000), the year 2011 (based on American Community Survey 2011 released September 2012) and change over that period. The profile provides a unique source of this information in a highly consumable structure supported with tabular detail. The profile also provides the most recent monthly data on selected demographic-economic measures.

The underlying database used to develop this profile is updated monthly or more frequently. The monthly update schedule is shown in http://proximityone.com/whatsnew.htm. The profile has been generated using the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook (S&O). The S&O database is comprised of several databases that are updated on different schedules as new data become available. The profile file name and date appear under the profile title. Data in the profile were current at the time the report was developed. Running this same report at a later date would have different, more up-to-date, content.

This profile makes use of data from ProximityOne, Census 2000, Census 2010, American Community Survey (ACS), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and other sources.

Usage Notes
  • When "2000" is referenced, the data are from Census 2000.
  • When "2011" is referenced, the data are from ACS 2011.
  • Monthly employment data are from BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics; Current Employment Statistics programs
  • Quarterly personal income data are from BEA personal income estimates

Table Notes
10.1/ Nonfarm personal income is total personal income less farm income.
10.2/ Farm income is farm earnings less farm employer contributions for social insurance.
10.3/ Contributions for government social insurance are included in earnings by type and industry, but excluded from personal income.
10.4/ Adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the U.S., it consists of adjustments for border workers and for certain temporary and migratory workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting or working temporarily outside U.S. borders less wage and salary disbursements to foreign residents commuting or working temporarily inside U.S. borders.
10.5/ Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.
10.6/ Proprietors' income includes inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.
Government Social Insurance: Employee and self-employed contributions for social insurance consists of the payments by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following programs: Old-age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or social security); Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare); railroad retirement; state unemployment insurance; temporary disability insurance; and veterans’ life insurance.

Source: ProximityOne Situation & Outlook http://proximityone.com/situation&outlook.htm
Data based on ProximityOne, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census Bureau and other sources.
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