School District Demographics 2009-10
In 2009 there were an estimated 52.3 million school-age children in 13,619 school districts in the U.S. 9.5 million of this school-age population (ages 5-17 years) were in poverty (17.85 percent). Thirty-nine percent of all school-age children resided in districts whose total poverty rates were greater than 20 percent. Use the ranking table presented below to rank/query/compare school district characteristics and patterns.
Data in the table include school district name, Federal codes, 2009 total population estimate, grade relevant population ages 5-17 years resident in the district, and grade relevant population ages 5-17 years resident in the district in poverty (see additional information). These estimates are developed by the Census Bureau under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Education. The estimates are used in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act funding formulas to determine state and school district allocations. See related U.S. by State School District Characteristics which presents a ranking table with state level data.
These are first national scope school district level demographic data developed using the 2009-10 school district boundaries. There will be no data from Census 2010 for these subject matter categories (no long form questionnaire). New 2009 American Community Survey estimates available in December 2010, provide "richer demographics" that are centric to mid-2007.
2009-10 School District Demographics
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How Poverty is Measured
Poverty status is determined by comparing annual income to a set of dollar values called thresholds that vary by family size, number of children, and age of householder. If a familyís before tax money income is less than the dollar value of their thresholds, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. For people not living in families, poverty status is determined by comparing the individualís income to his or her threshold. The poverty thresholds are updated annually to allow for changes in the cost of living using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). They do not vary geographically. Our dependent variable is the estimates of poverty from the American Community Survey (ACS), which is a continuous survey with people responding throughout the year. Since income is reported for the previous 12 months, the appropriate poverty threshold for each family is determined by multiplying the base-year poverty threshold (1982) by the average of monthly CPI values for the 12 months preceding the survey. For more information, see How Poverty is Calculated in the American Community Survey.
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