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K-12 School Characteristics & Demographics Data Resources

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Examine K-12 schools in the context of your service areas, markets or study areas. See how, for example, K-12 schools are distributed by congressional district by type of school, grade offerings, student mix, and other categories. This section provides technical information about U.S. national scope K-12 school characteristics and demographic data resources.

Proximity develops annually updated national scope, school level, datasets based on data reported by state and local education agencies and the U.S. Department of Education. These data are augmented with other data to enhance analytical potential.

Proximity uses these in national, regional and local analyses/applications and also makes the datasets available to others for their own use. Contact Proximity (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss your access and use.

The dataset described below includes more than 100,000 K-12 schools and is available in dBASE, CSV and other file structures. These data are also available in the form of a point shapefile and may be used to develop maps and perform geospatial analysis using the Proximity CommunityViewer GIS software or any software with the ability to use shapefiles. Join us in a no fee Webinar to learn more about using these data for your geography and subject matter applications of interest.

Map View Examples
K-12 Schools -- U.S. National Map View Print .. View
K-12 Schools -- Zoom-in View Print .. View

K-12 School Characteristics & Demographics -- U.S. by School Dataset Fields
The table presented below provides a description of data fields included in the U.S. school master dataset. The latest annual data for all items is for the 2007-08 school year. Preliminary data for a subset of the fields is available for the 2008-09 school year. These data are updated annually.

  FieldName  FieldType  Description
VINTAGEC6Vintage for this school
YEARC4School Year
LEAIDSCHC12Federal State+LEA+School Code
FIPSTC2FIPS State Code
LEAIDC7Federal Local Education Agency Code
SCHNOC5Federal School Code
STIDC14State LEA Code
SEASCHC13State School Code
LEANAMEC60LEA Name
SCHNAMEC50School Name
  NOTE: in remainder of this file, the following codes may appear representing missing values:
  M: when character data are missing; value expected but none reported
  -1: when numeric data are missing; value expected but none reported
  N: when character data are not applicable
  -2: when numeric data are not applicable
PHONEC10Telephone Number
MSTREETC30Mailing Street Address
MCITYC22Mailing City Name
MSTATEC2Mailing State
MZIPC5Mailing 5-digit ZIP
MZIP4C4Mailing 4-digit ZIP
LSTREETC30Location Street Address
LCITYC25Location City Name
LSTATEC2Location State
LZIPC5Location 5-digit ZIP
LZIP4C4Location 4-digit ZIP
TYPEC1School Type
  1 = Regular school
  2 = Special education school
  3 = Vocational school
  4 = Other/alternative school
  5 = Reportable program
STATUSC1Operational Status
  1 = School operational at time of the last report and currently operational.
  2 = School closed since time of the last report.
  3 = School been opened since time of the last report.
  4 = School operational at time of the last report but not reported before.
  5 = School affiliated with a different education agency in prior year.
  6 = School temporarily closed; may reopen within 3 years.
  7 = School scheduled to be operational within 2 years.
  8 = School closed on previous year report but reopened.
ULOCALC2Locale Code
  11 = City, Large Territory inside UA and inside PC with population of 250,000 or more.
  12 = City, Mid-size Territory inside UA and inside PC with a population 100,000-250,000.
  13 = City, Small Territory inside UA and inside PC with a population less than 100,000.
  21 = Suburb, Large Territory outside PC and inside UA with population of 250,000 or more.
  22 = Suburb, Mid-size Territory outside PC and inside UA area with a population 100,000 - 250,000
  23 = Suburb, Small Territory outside PC and inside UA with population less than 100,000.
  31 =Town, Fringe Territory inside UC & less than or equal to 10 miles from an urbanized area.
  32 = Town, Distant Territory inside UC that is 10 - 35 miles from a UA.
  33 = Town, Remote Territory inside UC that is more than 35 miles from a UA.
  41 = Rural, Fringe Census-defined rural area <= 5 miles from a UA & rural area <= 2.5 miles from a UC.
  42 = Rural, Distant Census-defined rural area 5-25 miles from a UA & rural area 2.5-10 miles from a UC.
  43 = Rural, Remote Census-defined rural area > 25 miles from a UA & > 10 miles from a UC.
  -- UA: Urbanized Area
  -- UC: Urban Cluster
  -- PC: Principal City of a CBSA
LATCODN12.6Latitude
LONCODN12.6Longitude
CONUMC5County Name
CONAMEC30FIPS County Code
FTEN9.1Teachers, FTE (full-time equivalence
CDCODEC4Congressional District Code
GSLOC2Low Grade Offered
  UG = Ungraded PK = Prekindergarten
  KG = Kindergarten
  0112 = 1st through 12th grade
  N = School had no students reported
GSHIC2High Grade Offered
  UG = Ungraded PK = Prekindergarten
  KG = Kindergarten
  0112 = 1st through 12th grade
  N = School had no students reported
LEVELC1School Level
  1 = Primary (low grade = PK through 03; high grade = PK through 08)
  2 = Middle (low grade = 04 through 07; high grade = 04 through 09)
  3 = High (low grade = 07 through 12; high grade = 12 only
  4 = Other (other configuration not falling within the above categories, including ungraded)
TITLEIC1Title I School -- 1=Yes, 2=No
STITLIC1Title I Schoolwide -- 1=Yes, 2=No
MAGNETC1Magnet School -- 1=Yes, 2=No
CHARTRC1Charter School -- 1=Yes, 2=No
SHAREDC1Shared Time School -- 1=Yes, 2=No
FRELCHN4.0Free Lunch Eligble Students
REDLCHN4.0Reduced Lunch Fee Eligible Students
TOTFRLN4.0Total Free & Reduced Lunch Fee Eligble Students
MIGRNTN3.0Migrant Students
PKN4.0Grade PK Students
AMPKMN2.0Grade PK Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AMPKFN2.0Grade PK Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
ASPKMN2.0Grade PK Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
ASPKFN2.0Grade PK Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HIPKMN3.0Grade PK Students - Hispanic - Male
HIPKFN3.0Grade PK Students - Hispanic - Female
BLPKMN3.0Grade PK Students - Black - Male
BLPKFN3.0Grade PK Students - Black - Female
WHPKMN3.0Grade PK Students - White - Male
WHPKFN3.0Grade PK Students - White - Female
KGN3.0Grade KG Students
AMKGMN3.0Grade KG Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AMKGFN3.0Grade KG Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
ASKGMN2.0Grade KG Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
ASKGFN2.0Grade KG Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HIKGMN3.0Grade KG Students - Hispanic - Male
HIKGFN3.0Grade KG Students - Hispanic - Female
BLKGMN3.0Grade KG Students - Black - Male
BLKGFN3.0Grade KG Students - Black - Female
WHKGMN3.0Grade KG Students - White - Male
WHKGFN3.0Grade KG Students - White - Female
G01N3.0Grade 01 Students
AM01MN2.0Grade 01 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM01FN2.0Grade 01 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS01MN2.0Grade 01 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS01FN2.0Grade 01 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI01MN3.0Grade 01 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI01FN3.0Grade 01 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL01MN3.0Grade 01 Students - Black - Male
BL01FN3.0Grade 01 Students - Black - Female
WH01MN3.0Grade 01 Students - White - Male
WH01FN3.0Grade 01 Students - White - Female
G02N3.0Grade 02 Students
AM02MN3.0Grade 02 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM02FN3.0Grade 02 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS02MN2.0Grade 02 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS02FN2.0Grade 02 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI02MN3.0Grade 02 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI02FN3.0Grade 02 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL02MN3.0Grade 02 Students - Black - Male
BL02FN3.0Grade 02 Students - Black - Female
WH02MN3.0Grade 02 Students - White - Male
WH02FN3.0Grade 02 Students - White - Female
G03N3.0Grade 03 Students
AM03MN2.0Grade 03 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM03FN2.0Grade 03 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS03MN2.0Grade 03 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS03FN2.0Grade 03 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI03MN3.0Grade 03 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI03FN3.0Grade 03 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL03MN3.0Grade 03 Students - Black - Male
BL03FN3.0Grade 03 Students - Black - Female
WH03MN3.0Grade 03 Students - White - Male
WH03FN3.0Grade 03 Students - White - Female
G04N3.0Grade 04 Students
AM04MN3.0Grade 04 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM04FN2.0Grade 04 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS04MN2.0Grade 04 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS04FN2.0Grade 04 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI04MN3.0Grade 04 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI04FN3.0Grade 04 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL04MN3.0Grade 04 Students - Black - Male
BL04FN3.0Grade 04 Students - Black - Female
WH04MN3.0Grade 04 Students - White - Male
WH04FN3.0Grade 04 Students - White - Female
G05N3.0Grade 05 Students
AM05MN2.0Grade 05 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM05FN2.0Grade 05 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS05MN2.0Grade 05 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS05FN2.0Grade 05 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI05MN3.0Grade 05 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI05FN3.0Grade 05 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL05MN3.0Grade 05 Students - Black - Male
BL05FN3.0Grade 05 Students - Black - Female
WH05MN3.0Grade 05 Students - White - Male
WH05FN3.0Grade 05 Students - White - Female
G06N4.0Grade 06 Students
AM06MN2.0Grade 06 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM06FN2.0Grade 06 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS06MN3.0Grade 06 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS06FN3.0Grade 06 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI06MN3.0Grade 06 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI06FN3.0Grade 06 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL06MN3.0Grade 06 Students - Black - Male
BL06FN3.0Grade 06 Students - Black - Female
WH06MN3.0Grade 06 Students - White - Male
WH06FN3.0Grade 06 Students - White - Female
GN4.0Grade 07 Students
AMMN3.0Grade 07 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AMFN3.0Grade 07 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
ASMN3.0Grade 07 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
ASFN3.0Grade 07 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HIMN3.0Grade 07 Students - Hispanic - Male
HIFN3.0Grade 07 Students - Hispanic - Female
BLMN3.0Grade 07 Students - Black - Male
BLFN3.0Grade 07 Students - Black - Female
WHMN3.0Grade 07 Students - White - Male
WHFN3.0Grade 07 Students - White - Female
G08N4.0Grade 08 Students
AM08MN3.0Grade 08 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM08FN3.0Grade 08 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS08MN3.0Grade 08 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS08FN3.0Grade 08 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI08MN3.0Grade 08 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI08FN3.0Grade 08 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL08MN3.0Grade 08 Students - Black - Male
BL08FN3.0Grade 08 Students - Black - Female
WH08MN3.0Grade 08 Students - White - Male
WH08FN3.0Grade 08 Students - White - Female
G09N4.0Grade 09 Students
AM09MN3.0Grade 09 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM09FN3.0Grade 09 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS09MN3.0Grade 09 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS09FN3.0Grade 09 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI09MN4.0Grade 09 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI09FN3.0Grade 09 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL09MN3.0Grade 09 Students - Black - Male
BL09FN3.0Grade 09 Students - Black - Female
WH09MN3.0Grade 09 Students - White - Male
WH09FN3.0Grade 09 Students - White - Female
G10N4.0Grade 10 Students
AM10MN3.0Grade 10 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM10FN3.0Grade 10 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS10MN3.0Grade 10 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS10FN3.0Grade 10 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI10MN3.0Grade 10 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI10FN3.0Grade 10 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL10MN3.0Grade 10 Students - Black - Male
BL10FN3.0Grade 10 Students - Black - Female
WH10MN3.0Grade 10 Students - White - Male
WH10FN4.0Grade 10 Students - White - Female
G11N4.0Grade 11 Students
AM11MN3.0Grade 11 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM11FN3.0Grade 11 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS11MN3.0Grade 11 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS11FN3.0Grade 11 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI11MN3.0Grade 11 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI11FN3.0Grade 11 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL11MN3.0Grade 11 Students - Black - Male
BL11FN3.0Grade 11 Students - Black - Female
WH11MN4.0Grade 11 Students - White - Male
WH11FN4.0Grade 11 Students - White - Female
G12N4.0Grade 12 Students
AM12MN3.0Grade 12 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AM12FN3.0Grade 12 Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
AS12MN3.0Grade 12 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
AS12FN3.0Grade 12 Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HI12MN3.0Grade 12 Students - Hispanic - Male
HI12FN3.0Grade 12 Students - Hispanic - Female
BL12MN3.0Grade 12 Students - Black - Male
BL12FN3.0Grade 12 Students - Black - Female
WH12MN4.0Grade 12 Students - White - Male
WH12FN4.0Grade 12 Students - White - Female
UGN4.0Ungraded Students
AMUGMN2.0Ungraded Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AMUGFN2.0Ungraded Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
ASUGMN2.0Ungraded Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
ASUGFN2.0Ungraded Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HIUGMN2.0Ungraded Students - Hispanic - Male
HIUGFN2.0Ungraded Students - Hispanic - Female
BLUGMN4.0Ungraded Students - Black - Male
BLUGFN3.0Ungraded Students - Black - Female
WHUGMN3.0Ungraded Students - White - Male
WHUGFN2.0Ungraded Students - White - Female
STUDENTSN5.0Total Students
AMN4.0Total Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Total
AMALMN3.0Total Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Male
AMALFN3.0Total Students - American Indian/Alaska Native - Female
ASIANN4.0Total Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Total
ASALMN4.0Total Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Male
ASALFN4.0Total Students - Asian/Pacific Islander - Female
HISPN4.0Total Students - Hispanic - Total
HIALMN4.0Total Students - Hispanic - Male
HIALFN4.0Total Students - Hispanic - Female
BLACKN4.0Total Students - Black - Total
BLALMN4.0Total Students - Black - Male
BLALFN4.0Total Students - Black - Female
WHITEN4.0Total Students - White - Total
WHALMN4.0Total Students - White - Male
WHALFN4.0Total Students - White - Female
TOTETHN5.0Total Ethnic Students
STDTCHN9.1Students to Teacher Ratio
TOTGRDN5.0Total Graded Students; sum of reported students by grade

Additional Information
Proximity develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Contact Proximity (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.


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