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U.S. & State Elementary-Secondary Education Revenue & Expenditures: FY 2010

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Visual analysis using CVXE GIS

School district revenue sources
Houston ISD at pointer

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geocoded students and school
McKinney ISD, TX

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geocoded students and school
with tax parcels & streets

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high school attendance zones
with schools by type

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%high school graduates by
census tract - Puerto Rico

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visually analyze clients/markets
site analysis using 1 mile radius


$median household income
patterns by census tract - Houston

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113th Congressional Districts

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US Asian Indian population 2010

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Austin, TX MSA counties &
places 10K+ population markers

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Appalachia counties (green) &
coalfield counties (orange)

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China provinces percent urban &
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World Cities; focus on Spain

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U.S. public elementary-secondary education is big business. In fiscal year 2010, the combined Federal, state and local government expenditures on U.S. public elementary-secondary education exceeded $600 billion.

Perspectives. In 2012, Apple exceeded a $500 billion market capitalization. It joined the ranks of only a few other companies to become so large. The U.S. annual expenditure for public elementary-secondary education far exceeds creating a business of this size every year.

In FY 2010, based on per capita data, each U.S. resident invested almost $2,000 in U.S. public elementary-secondary education. This level of investment occurs every year.

In SY 2010-11, there were approximately 3.4 million students enrolled in 12th grade public schools. Assuming these students all graduated, the annual cost per high school graduated student would be $176,765. This might be viewed as the annualized cost to graduate each student from the public K-12 education pipeline.

FY 2010 Revenue & Expenditures. Nationally, states and D.C. reported $592.9 billion in revenues collected for public elementary and secondary education in fiscal year 2010. State and local governments accounted for $518.9 billion of all revenues and the federal government accounted for $74.0 billion of all revenues.

Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education in fiscal year 2010 were $601.9 billion. Current expenditures totaled $523.3 billion. Expenditures for instruction accounted for $317.2 billion, total support services accounted for $178.9 billion.

Current expenditures per pupil for public elementary and secondary education were $10,383 on a national level in FY2010, ranging from $6,173 in Utah to $18,667 in D.C.

Use the interactive ranking table presented below to examine characteristics of revenue and expenditures by state and the U.S. overall. The table shows revenues and expenditures by several categories as totals/aggregates, on a per pupil basis and on a percentage basis. See list of all items/columns in scroll box below table. Aggregate revenues and expenditures in millions of dollars.

U.S. by State Elementary-Secondary Education Revenue & Expenditure Patterns
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Column Headers
TFEDREV   Total Revenue from Federal Sources
FEDRCOMP     Compensatory (Title I)
FEDRSPEC     Children with disabilities
FEDRNUTR     Child Nutrition Act
FEDROTHR     All other federal aid
TSTREV   Total Revenue from State Sources
STRFORM     General formula assistance
STRSPEC     Special education programs
STRTRANS     Transportation programs
STROTHR     All other state revenue
TLOCREV   Total Revenue from Local Sources
LOCRTAX     All taxes
LOCRPROP     Property taxes
LOCRPAR     Parent government contributions
LOCRCICO     Revenue from cities and counties
LOCROSCH     Revenue from other school systems
LOCRCHAR     Charges
LOCROTHR     Other local revenues
TCURSPND   Total Current Spending
TSALWAGE     Total salaries and wages
TEMPBENE     Total employee benefit payments
TCURINST   Total Current Spending for Instruction
TCURISAL     Salaries and wages for instruction
TCURIBEN     Employee benefits for instruction
TCURSSVC   Total Current Spending for Support Services
TCURSPUP     Pupil support
TCURSSTA     Instructional staff support
TCURSGEN     General administration
TCURSSCH     School administration
TCURSOTH     Other and nonspecified
TCURONON     Other Current Spending
TCAPOUT   Total Capital Outlay Expenditure
TPAYOTH     Payments to Other Governments
TINTRST     Interest on School System Indebtedness
DEBTOUT     Long-term debt outstanding at end of the fiscal year
LONGISSU     Long-term debt issued during the fiscal year
LONGRET     Long-term debt retired during the fiscal year
PCTFTOT   Percent - Total Revenue from Federal Sources
PCTFCOMP   Percent - Compensatory (Title I)
PCTSTOT   Percent - Total Revenue from State Sources
PCTSFORM   Percent - General formula assistance
PCTLTOT   Percent - Total Revenue from Local Sources
PCTLTAXP   Percent - Taxes & parent government contributions
PCTLOTHG   Percent - Revenue from other local governments
PCTLCHAR   Percent - Charges
PPSALWG   Per Pupil - Total salaries and wages
PPEMPBEN   Per Pupil - Total employee benefit payments
PPITOTAL   Per Pupil - Total Current Spending for Instruction
PPISALWG   Per Pupil - Salaries and wages
PPIEMBEN   Per Pupil - Employee benefits
PPSTOTAL   Per Pupil - Total Current Spending for Support Services
PPSPUPIL   Per Pupil - Pupil support
PPSSTAFF   Per Pupil - Instructional staff support
PPSGENAD   Per Pupil - General administration
PPSSCHAD   Per Pupil - School administration

Scope of Data
These data are based on the FY 2010 survey of public elementary and secondary education systems, mostly school districts, conducted by the Census Bureau under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Education.

Enrollment data are based on data reported by school districts and state education agencies for the 2009-10 school year.

Total revenue/expenditure data shown in the ranking table are in thousands of dollars. Financial data are shown on cash basis. In many cases financial data will differ from financial data reported by school districts due to wide-ranging different accounting procedures used district to district. Data shown in the ranking table use standardized accounting categories across all districts except as described in supplemental notes (not shown in this section).

Data for independent charter school districts, state operated schools and federally operated schools are not included in these data.

Additional Information
Proximity develops geographic-demographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data.

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