Analyzing Block Group Demographic-Economic Patterns
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Block Groups, subdivisions of census tracts, are the smallest geographic areas
for which "richer demographics" are developed by the Census Bureau. Block group demographic-economic estimates,
based on Census 2010 geography, are annually updated
beginning with American Community Survey (ACS) 2010.
The latest ACS estimates for these 217,740 areas covering U.S. wall-to-wall are from
The ACS 2016 release date is December 7, 2017.
See about considerations in using these data
Patterns of Economic Prosperity by Block Group
The following graphic shows patterns of median household income by block group in the Houston, TX area.
Markers show block groups with 10 or more housing units having value of $2 million or more.
Markers are labeled with the number of housing units having value of $2 million or more in that block group.
Click graphic for larger view, more detail and legend color/data intervals.
This map illustrates the geographic level of detail available using block group demographics and the relative ease to gain insights using geospatial data analytics tools.
- View developed using CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
Woodside, CA Vicinity similar to above.
Block Group Demographic-Economic Data & Shapefiles
... selection of key demographic-economic attributes; annual update
... item/field name and description -- scroll section
|B01001_002|| Male population|
|B01001_003|| Under 5 years|
|B01001_004|| 5 to 9 years|
|B01001_005|| 10 to 14 years|
|B01001_006|| 15 to 17 years|
|B01001_007|| 18 and 19 years|
|B01001_008|| 20 years|
|B01001_009|| 21 years|
|B01001_010|| 22 to 24 years|
|B01001_011|| 25 to 29 years|
|B01001_012|| 30 to 34 years|
|B01001_013|| 35 to 39 years|
|B01001_014|| 40 to 44 years|
|B01001_015|| 45 to 49 years|
|B01001_016|| 50 to 54 years|
|B01001_017|| 55 to 59 years|
|B01001_018|| 60 and 61 years|
|B01001_019|| 62 to 64 years|
|B01001_020|| 65 and 66 years|
|B01001_021|| 67 to 69 years|
|B01001_022|| 70 to 74 years|
|B01001_023|| 75 to 79 years|
|B01001_024|| 80 to 84 years|
|B01001_025|| 85 years and over|
|B01001_026|| Female population|
|B01001_027|| Under 5 years|
|B01001_028|| 5 to 9 years|
|B01001_029|| 10 to 14 years|
|B01001_030|| 15 to 17 years|
|B01001_031|| 18 and 19 years|
|B01001_032|| 20 years|
|B01001_033|| 21 years|
|B01001_034|| 22 to 24 years|
|B01001_035|| 25 to 29 years|
|B01001_036|| 30 to 34 years|
|B01001_037|| 35 to 39 years|
|B01001_038|| 40 to 44 years|
|B01001_039|| 45 to 49 years|
|B01001_040|| 50 to 54 years|
|B01001_041|| 55 to 59 years|
|B01001_042|| 60 and 61 years|
|B01001_043|| 62 to 64 years|
|B01001_044|| 65 and 66 years|
|B01001_045|| 67 to 69 years|
|B01001_046|| 70 to 74 years|
|B01001_047|| 75 to 79 years|
|B01001_048|| 80 to 84 years|
|B01001_049|| 85 years and over|
|B02001_002|| White alone|
|B02001_003|| Black or African American alone|
|B02001_004|| American Indian and Alaska Native alone|
|B02001_005|| Asian alone|
|B02001_006|| Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone|
|B02001_007|| Some other race alone|
|B02001_008|| Two or more races|
|B03002_012|| Hispanic or Latino|
|B19013_001||Median household income|
|B25077_001||Median value (dollars)|
|B11001_001|| Total households|
|B11001_002|| Family households:|
|B11001_003|| Married-couple family|
|B11001_004|| Other family:|
|B11001_005|| Male householder, no wife present|
|B11001_006|| Female householder, no husband present|
|B11001_007|| Nonfamily households:|
|B11001_008|| Householder living alone|
|B11001_009|| Householder not living alone|
|B15003_001|| Total population 25 years and over|
|B15003_002|| No schooling completed|
|B15003_003|| Nursery school |
|B15003_004|| Kindergarten |
|B15003_005|| 1st grade |
|B15003_006|| 2nd grade |
|B15003_007|| 3rd grade |
|B15003_008|| 4th grade |
|B15003_009|| 5th grade |
|B15003_010|| 6th grade |
|B15003_011|| 7th grade |
|B15003_012|| 8th grade |
|B15003_013|| 9th grade |
|B15003_014|| 10th grade |
|B15003_015|| 11th grade |
|B15003_016|| 12th grade, no diploma |
|B15003_017|| Regular high school diploma |
|B15003_018|| GED or alternative credential |
|B15003_019|| Some college, less than 1 year |
|B15003_020|| Some college, 1 or more years, no degree |
|B15003_021|| Associate's degree |
|B15003_022|| Bachelor's degree |
|B15003_023|| Master's degree |
|B15003_024|| Professional school degree |
|B15003_025|| Doctorate degree |
|B19001_002|| Less than $10,000|
|B19001_003|| $10,000 to $14,999|
|B19001_004|| $15,000 to $19,999|
|B19001_005|| $20,000 to $24,999|
|B19001_006|| $25,000 to $29,999|
|B19001_007|| $30,000 to $34,999|
|B19001_008|| $35,000 to $39,999|
|B19001_009|| $40,000 to $44,999|
|B19001_010|| $45,000 to $49,999|
|B19001_011|| $50,000 to $59,999|
|B19001_012|| $60,000 to $74,999|
|B19001_013|| $75,000 to $99,999|
|B19001_014|| $100,000 to $124,999|
|B19001_015|| $125,000 to $149,999|
|B19001_016|| $150,000 to $199,999|
|B19001_017|| $200,000 or more|
|B25002_001|| Total housing units|
|B25002_002|| Occupied units|
|B25002_003|| Vacant units|
|B25003_001|| Total occupied units|
|B25003_002|| Owner occupied|
|B25003_003|| Renter occupied|
|UNITS IN STRUCTURE|
|B25024_001|| Total housing units|
|B25024_002|| 1, detached|
|B25024_003|| 1, attached|
|B25024_005|| 3 or 4|
|B25024_006|| 5 to 9|
|B25024_007|| 10 to 19|
|B25024_008|| 20 to 49|
|B25024_009|| 50 or more|
|B25024_010|| Mobile home|
|B25024_011|| Boat, RV, van, etc.|
|B25075_001||Total owner occupied housing units|
|B25075_002|| Less than $10,000|
|B25075_003|| $10,000 to $14,999|
|B25075_004|| $15,000 to $19,999|
|B25075_005|| $20,000 to $24,999|
|B25075_006|| $25,000 to $29,999|
|B25075_007|| $30,000 to $34,999|
|B25075_008|| $35,000 to $39,999|
|B25075_009|| $40,000 to $49,999|
|B25075_010|| $50,000 to $59,999|
|B25075_011|| $60,000 to $69,999|
|B25075_012|| $70,000 to $79,999|
|B25075_013|| $80,000 to $89,999|
|B25075_014|| $90,000 to $99,999|
|B25075_015|| $100,000 to $124,999|
|B25075_016|| $125,000 to $149,999|
|B25075_017|| $150,000 to $174,999|
|B25075_018|| $175,000 to $199,999|
|B25075_019|| $200,000 to $249,999|
|B25075_020|| $250,000 to $299,999|
|B25075_021|| $300,000 to $399,999|
|B25075_022|| $400,000 to $499,999|
|B25075_023|| $500,000 to $749,999|
|B25075_024|| $750,000 to $999,999|
|B25075_025|| $1,000,000 to $1,499,999|
|B25075_026|| $1,500,000 to $1,999,999|
|B25075_027|| $2,000,000 or more|
Use these Data on Your Computer
Use the above U.S. national scope dataset with your own software or the
CV XE GIS software.
Data file only (Excel, CSV or DBF) -- $695 -- buy now.
Data integrated into BG point shapefile; ready to use with GIS software -- $995 -- buy now.
Data integrated into BG area/polygon shapefile; ready to use with GIS software -- $995 -- buy now.
Updates -- Block Group Data Access & Analysis Topics (scroll section)
06.26.17. ACS 2015 Block Group Shapefiles & Database
... national scope all U.S. by block group
... GIS projects & applications
03.19.16. Citizen Voting Age Population by Block Group
... national scope all U.S. by block group
... GIS projects & applications
... see http://proximityone.com/cvap_bg_2014.htm
Patterns of low & moderate income by block group
03.08.16. Low and Moderate Income Demographics by Block Group
... national scope all U.S. by block group interactive ranking table
... developing site analysis reports; GIS project & datasets
... see http://proximityone.com/lmisd.htm
Patterns of low & moderate income by block group
01.13.16. Crime Data Analytics
... integrating location-based crime data with demographic-economic data.
... summarizing crime data to block level; integrating ACS 2014
block group data
... GIS project & datasets
... see http://proximityone.com/crime_data_analytics.htm
Patterns of crime by location & census block; Kansas City, MO
01.09.16. Linguistic Isolation by Block Group
... illustrating use of tools; Los Angeles County applications
... apply to any county: narrative, GIS project & datasets
... using 2014 ACS 5-year estimates
... see http://proximityone.com/linguistic_isolation_bg.htm
Patterns of Linguistic Isolation; Los Angeles County, CA
11.19.15. Relating Block Groups to ZIP Code Areas
... interactive table & GIS tools/applications
... population and area for each BG part intersecting with ZIP code area
... See http://proximityone.com/bg-zip.htm
08.04.15. Get Block Group Demographic-Economic Profile based on Address
... key in an address and view profile for corresponding block group.
... See http://proximityone.com/location_based_demographics.htm
01.29.15. Patterns of Block Group Income Inequality
... data and tools to examine patterns of income equality by block group
... patterns of income inequality by block group; New York city; click for larger view
09.01.14. Census 2010 Census Block Group Tallies by State
... interactive table: http://proximityone.com/geo_blockgroups.htm
... water and land area block groups; compare with tracts and blocks
... Warren Glimpse blog on this topic
... searchable list of blog posts
Demographic Economic Data Extraction
... Demographic Economic Data Extraction (DEDE) API tool
... extract multi-sourced demographic economic data
... census block, block group and other geography
Census Block, Block Group & Census Tract Pattern Analysis
... Join us in this upcoming one-hour Web session.
... More information.
Register (no fee).
Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities
... 10,000+ areas where more than 40% have head of household age 65 years or over
ACS 2012 Block Group Demographic-Economic Data
... see http://proximityone.com/acs0812.htm for information about ACS 2012 5-Year estimates
data access & applications. (release date 12/17/13)
... these new data enable use of a 3-year mini-time series to analyze subject matter by block group.
Examining Neighborhood Demographic-Economic Characteristics
... using site analysis tools to select/define neighborhood by block group
... visual & tabular study area demographic-economic summary
... see Scottsdale, AZ example & details
Analyzing Block Group Demographic-Economic Patterns using GIS
... Selected metros with drill-down to intersection:
... Chicago, IL: http://proximityone.com/cv_chicago.htm
... Kansas City, MO-KS: http://proximityone.com/cv_kansascity.htm
... Portland, OR: http://proximityone.com/cv_portland.htm
... Washington, DC: http://proximityone.com/cv_washingtondc.htm
Block Group Demographic-Economic Profile & Related Datasets
... Block Group Demographic-Economic Profile: a selection of 200+ key demographic-economic attributes
... updated annually
Three Decades of Block Group Demographics
... Accessing 1990, 2000 and 2010 Census block group demographics
... Using these data with related block group shapefiles & GIS
... coming soon
Census 2010 Race/Ethnicity Block Group Dataset
... National scope Census 2010 race/ethnicity data by block group
... Dataset developed using S&O Server "All BGs" feature
... See details below in 'About Block Groups' scroll section
Examining Linguistic Isolation by Block Group
... using ACS 2010 block group demographics; interactive ranking table and GIS visual analysis
Site Analysis/Profiles Using Block Group Geography
... Block group (BG) demographic-economic site analysis profiles; XLS and HTML reports
... Pick BG(s) by geocode, address or latitude-longitude; cherry-pick or use radius tools
... View example http://proximityone.com/s&o/2/siteprofile_150010201004.htm
Accessing, Integrating & Analyzing Block Group Data
using S&O Server
... Integrated access/analysis of ACS 2010, ACS 2011, Census 2010 data
... See extended profile block group example with ACS2010 ACS2011 Census2010 mix
... See more about S&O Custom Spreadsheet
3D Visual Analysis: Educational Attainment by Block Group
... Using CVXE GIS to visually analyze geodemographic patterns
... Map at right shows a zoom-in to Washington, DC by block group.
... See details and additional views
Block Groups & GIS
; Hawaii applications
... illustrative applications using of BG geography and demographics in Honolulu County, Hawaii.
Analyzing Labor Force Characteristics by Block Group
Examine block groups by ZIP Code ...
use the interactive ranking table below to examine national scope labor force characteristics by block group.
Block groups are coded by ZIP Code to facilitate use.
The table contains a row for each/every block group area.
The block group (BG) geocode is shown in the first column followed by the corresponding ZIP Code area.
See notes about about the BG-ZIP Code relationship.
For each BG, the table provides the Census 2010 population and selected labor force characteristic characteristics
from the ACS 2010 and ACS 2011 5 year estimates.
See a description of items below the table.
The BG dataset was developed using the Demographic-Economic Data Extract (DEDE) API tool.
See the S&O custom spreadsheet profile
that shows the ACS 2011 labor force characteristics for Travis County, TX block group 48-453-001728-3 (among many other items).
See the related unemployment characteristics thematic pattern map
showing block groups in Austin, TX ZIP Code 78745 (default look-up ZIP Code below the table).
Block Group - ZIP Code Labor Force Characteristics: ACS 2010, 2011
Usage notes below table.
See related Interactive Tables Main Page
Interactive Table Usage Notes (scroll section)
BlockGroup -- block group (BG) code
ZIP3 - 3-digit ZIP code tabulation area for this BG
ZIP5 - 5-digit ZIP code tabulation area for this BG
Pop 16+ 10 --Population 16 years and over, ACS 2010
Emp 10 -- Employed, ACS 2010
UnEmp 10 -- Unemployed, ACS 2010
UR 10 -- Unemployment rate, ACS 2010
Pop 16+ 11 -- Population 16 years and over, ACS 2011
Emp 11, ACS 2011
UnEmp 11-- Unemployed, ACS 2011
UR 11 -- Unemploymnet rate, ACS 2010
Pop C2010 -- Population, Census 2010
Use the vertical scrollbar at far right in table to scroll across (up/down) areas/rows.
Optionally sort on selected column or view only areas in one 3- or 5-digit ZIP area then sort ...
Click on column header to sort on that column; click column header again to sort in other direction.
Click ShowAll button to show all areas and restore full set of data view.
Find ZIP3: key in 3-digit ZIP code in text box to right of Find ZIP3; click button to show all matches.
Find ZIP5: key in 5-digit ZIP code in text box to right of Find ZIP5; click button to show all matches.
See related ranking tables.
Example of Labor Force Status Profile
Block Group 04-013-216813-1 located in ZIP code 85258 and census tract 2168.13 (StCtyTract=04013216813)
Scottsdale, AZ -- see related map http://proximityone.com/ziptractequiv.htm
Labor Force Status for Block Group 04-013-216813-1
Block Group - ZIP Code Relationship
|Population 16 years and over ...||1,130||1,235|
| In labor force ...||835||861|
| Civilian ...||835||861|
| Employed ...||785||808|
| Unemployed ...||50||53|
| Unemployment Rate||6.0||6.2|
| In Armed Forces ...||0||0|
| Not in labor force ...||295||374|
Block Group areas are often not coterminous with ZIP Code tabulation areas.
To develop the BG-ZIP relationship a BG point shapefile was developed based on the geographic centroid of the BG.
The ZIP Code (ZCTA) was was assigned to the BG code for the ZCTA containing the BG centroid point.
Census 2010 Race/Ethnicity Block Group Dataset ... downloadable dataset (scroll section)
The Census 2010 Race/Ethnicity Block Group Dataset
expands to the CSV structured file "BG_2010_SF1_P003.CSV".
The dataset was developed using CV XE APIGateway
The dataset illustrates the capabilities of the APIGateway.
Any set of 1990 Census (SF1/SF3), Census 2000 (SF1/SF3), Census 2010, ACS 2010 and later ACS data tabulated by block group
may be extracted/integrated using the APIGateway.
more information about the Census 2010 Race/Ethnicity Block Group Dataset download
(mention "Census 2010 BG download" in text section).
The CSV file contains an 12 character GEOID census block group geocode and nine additional integer fields described below.
P3. RACE 
P0030001 Total population
P0030002 White alone
P0030003 Black or African American alone
P0030004 American Indian and Alaska Native alone
P0030005 Asian alone
P0030006 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
P0030007 Some Other Race alone
P0030008 Two or More Races
P4. HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN 
P0040003 Hispanic or Latino
Attribution should be "developed with ProximityOne CV XE APIGateway, based on data from Census 2010, Summary File 1".
These data are further described in the
Census 2010 Summary File documentation
Please send questions/comments
About Block Groups (scroll section)
Tract-Block Group-Block Relationship
Census Block Groups are geographic areas defined by the Census Bureau for a decennial census.
Each block group is a set of one or more contiguous blocks.
Block groups are the smallest areas for which Census sourced estimates are developed.
Block Groups (BGs) are a "mid-range" geography between census blocks and census tracts.
For Census 2010 there are 11,078,297 census blocks, 217,740 census block groups and
73,057 census tracts covering the U.S. wall-to-wall. These geographies have a nesting relationship
as shown in the graphic at right. For any given county, Census 2000 and Census 2010 vintage block group areas might differ
significantly in terms of boundary, geocode and relationship to associated census blocks and census tracts.
The census block is the lowest level geographic area for which
data are tabulated.
The census block group is the smallest geographic area for which
American Community Survey
(ACS) data are tabulated
No Census 2010 Richer Demographics
. As with all Census 2010 geographic areas, census block group tabulations include
Census 2000 "short-form" type subject matter. There are no "richer demographics" Census 2010 data
owing to use of the reduced scope questionnaire. In contrast, annual
ACS block group estimates of richer demographic are available.
The first ACS data for Census 2010 BG geography/boundaries are the ACS 2010 5-year estimates
(release date December 2011).
These estimates are based on the survey period 2006 through 2010 and thus measures centric to mid-2008.
Comparing Census 2000 to ACS BG Demographics
. The first ACS BG estimates were produced as a part of the 2009 ACS 5-year estimates (for the survey
period 2005-2009; measures centric to mid-2007). The 2009 ACS BG data (released December 2010)
are estimates for Census 2000 vintage block group codes/boundaries. These are the only BG level estimates
available to examine demographic change and patterns since Census 2000 (as both programs use the same BG codes/boundaries).
The 2010 ACS shifts to use of the Census 2010 codes/boundaries.
See also Census 2010 Demographics for Census 2000 Geography
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