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School District 2012 Population Estimates
-- total population & grade relevant population ages 5-17 years in poverty
December 2013. This section is focused on 2012 estimates of the total population and children in poverty by school district. The data have been developed by the Census Bureau under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Education. The USDOE uses these data to allocate an estimated $22.8 billion in 2013 ESEA Title I and related program funds to school districts for the current school year. These data are the most current population estimates available for all school districts developed using a standardized methodology.
Use the interactive table on this page to view, rank, compare these school district demographics. Estimates are for school districts as of January 1, 2012 (2011-12 school year). The table provides 2012 population estimates that are consistent with the 2012 American Community Survey 1-year population and income data. The table provides estimates of the total population, population of school-age children and population of school-age children in poverty related to the head of the household.
The 2012 estimates include all school districts in the Title I universe, which includes a total of 13,544 school districts in the U.S. Fifteen of those school districts did not have any school age children and were excluded. See summary of findings.
School District 2012 Population Estimates -- Interactive Table
Click column header to sort; click again to sort other direction.
See usage notes below table. See related Ranking Tables Main Page
Relevant Children 5 to 17 years of Age
Relevant Children 5 to 17 years old in Poverty Related to the Householder
% Relevant Children 5 to 17 years of Age
% Relevant Children 5 to 17 years old in Poverty Related to the Householder
Of the 13,529 school districts in 2012, 15 percent had poverty rates greater than 30 percent for the population of school-age children in families. There were 53.7 million school-age children in these school districts. Of these, 18.5 percent of school-age children reside in school districts with poverty rate estimates below 10 percent. An estimated 32.2 percent of school-age children reside in districts with poverty rate estimates between 10 and 20 percent, and 49.3 percent of school-age children reside in districts with poverty rate estimates greater than 20 percent. Additionally the school-age population is heavily concentrated: California and Texas hold 21.9 percent of the school age population. Moreover, the six states with 2 million or more school-age persons (California, Florida, Illinois, New York, Pennsylvania and Texas) make up 41 percent of this population in the U.S.
These data show that school-age children, as well as school-age children in families in poverty, tend to be concentrated in school districts with a population of 20,000 or more. In 2012, an estimated 25 percent of school districts had a total population size of 20,000 or more. These school districts contained an estimated 81 percent of all school-age children in the nation and an estimated 82.4 percent of school-age children in poverty.
School District Grade Relevance and Boundary Updates
Grade relevance refers to the grades served by school districts in a particular geographic area. For example, one district may provide secondary education for grades 9 to 12, while another district in the same geographic area may provide elementary education for grades Kindergarten through 8. These two districts thus occupy the same territory and can be said to have overlapping boundaries. In development of the population estimates, each child is assigned to a specific grade and counted among either the secondary or elementary school-age population in that area. This is done based on the child’s age in the decennial census and the updated grade spans of the secondary and elementary districts. In the above example of 9-12 and K-8 grade ranges, the relevant children ages 5 to 17 in the secondary district are the subset of children ages 14 to 17, and the relevant children ages 5 to 17 in the elementary district are the subset of children ages 5 to 13. Grade spans and boundaries of school districts are updated through the Census Bureau school district boundary review program.
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