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State Population & Components of Change: 2010-2019
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January 2020 .. the new (12/39/19) 2019 population and components of changes estimates show that the U.S. population changed from 309,321,666 in 2010 to 328,239,523 in 2019, a change of 18,917,857 (6.1%). See details for the U.S. and each state in the interactive table below. Release of these Census-sourced, model-based estimates starts the annual program of 2019 estimates down to the city/place level in mid-2020. See details.

.. tools and data to examine how the U.S. by state population is changing ... is the population moving away or into states of interest? What are the trends; what is causing the change? What are the characteristics of the population moving in and out? How might this impact your living environment and business?

How & Why are State Demographics Changing?
This section provides an overview of how and why the population is changing by state from 2010 to 2019 in terms of components of change: births, deaths and migration. It provides a summary of tools, interactive table and GIS project, to analyze population change by county using latest estimates through 2019 and projections for 2020. These data are used by ProximityOne to develop/update annual county demographic-economic projections. Use the GIS tools and ready-to use project described below in this section to create maps for states and regions of interest. Create thematic maps for any of the fields/measures shown in the interactive table. Change color patterns and labels. Integrate your own data.

Patterns of Population Change by State, 2010-2019
The following graphic shows patterns of percent population change from 2010 to 2019. Use the associated GIS project to examine different years or subject matter items. Click graphic for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view. Larger view shows states labeled with population percent change, 2010-2019

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
.. create other views, geospatial analysis, integrate other data using the State 2010-19 Trends GIS project

State Population & Components of Change 2010-2019 interactive table
  Click column header to sort; again to sort other direction.
  Click ShowAll button between queries to refresh. Usage notes below table.
  See related Interactive Tables Main Page

Usage Notes
  • Click ShowAll between queries/filters.
  • PopCols button
    .. click button to view Population 2010-19 columns.

U.S. Regions & Divisions -- a reference guide .. go top

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Region 1 - Northeast
  Division 1: New England
  Division 2: Mid-Atlantic
Region 2 - Midwest
  Division 3: East North Central
  Division 4: West North Central
Region 3 - South
  Division 5: South Atlantic
  Division 6: East South Central
  Division 7: West South Central
Region 4 - West
  Division 8: Mountain
  Division 9: Pacific

Natural Change
Natural change is the difference between births and deaths for an area. Often natural change is positive which means that there are more births that deaths for a year or period. This positive natural change is referred to as natural increase. Examples of natural increase exist across the U.S.

The opposite of natural increase, natural decrease, occurs where there are more deaths than births resulting in population decrease. Areas with aging populations often have natural decrease.

Migration is the movement of people from one area to another. It is often expressed as net migration, which is the difference between how many people move into and out of an area. When net migration is positive, a population has more people moving in than out. Migration is split into domestic migration and international migration.

Domestic migration refers to people moving between areas within the U.S., and is often one of the largest contributors to population change.

International migration refers to people moving into and out of the U.S., and consists of a diverse group of people such as foreign-born immigrants from many countries around the world, members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and U.S. citizens working abroad.

Adding the net domestic and net international migration yields the net migration.

Components of Change
Analyzing the components of change is an enlightening way to understand how the U.S. population is shifting over time. Looking at areas across the country, we can identify groups of areas that grow (or decline) mainly due to migration and others that grow due to natural increase.

About the Data and Reports .. go top
Data included in the interactive table and reports are part of a continuing set of demographic-economic estimates and projections released and updated on a flow basis. See a partial 2020 schedule below. See more about state demographic-economic trends.

Schedule of Related 2020 Updates .. go top
Subject MatterData Reference DateRelease Date
Census Bureau Annual Updates  
  National, State population & components of change /17/1/2019 12/2019
  Metro, County population & components of change
    2019 section & tables:
    • Metro Trends 2010-2018 interactive table
    • County Trends 2010-2018 interactive table
  City and town (incorporated place and minor civil division) population
    2019 section & tables:
    • Place Trends 2010-2018 interactive table
  National, State, and County housing units7/1/20195/2020
  National population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin7/1/20196/2020
  State population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin7/1/20196/2020
  County population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin7/1/20196/2020
ProximityOne Current Estimates & Projections  
  Census Tract, County, Metro, State, U.S. Demographic-EconomicAnnual 2010-20256/2020
  County, Metro, State, U.S. Population Single Year of AgeAnnual 2010-20606/2020
  /1 .. data used in this section

U.S. by State 2019 Population GIS Project/Datasets .. go top
1. Install the ProximityOne CV XE GIS
... requires ProximityOne User Group ID (join now)
... omit this step if CV XE GIS software already installed.
... run the CV XE GIS installer
... take all defaults during installation
2. The U.S. by county view shows at start-up.
... to view state patterns, click on the top 4th & 5th layers to view start patterns as shown in above graphic.
3. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss extended uses of this GIS project.

ProximityOne User Group
Join the ProximityOne User Group to keep up-to-date with new developments relating to metros and component geography decision-making information resources. Receive updates and access to tools and resources available only to members. Use this form to join the User Group.

Support Using these Resources
Learn more about accessing and using demographic-economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.

Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.

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