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Hispanic Population by Specific Origin
  - examining Hispanic demographics by county

The Hispanic or Latino population group is comprised of many specific origin subgroups. The specific origin subgroups are often associated with different regions of the world. Many specific origin subgroups tend to cluster by location within the U.S. both as a result of the geography of emigration (e.g., Mexico to Texas) and association with where same subgroup emigrants have settled (e.g., Cuba to New York). This section provides insights into how the Hispanic specific origin subgroups are distributed across the U.S. by county. Tools are provided to analyze geographic and subgroup patterns of interest.

Census 2010 identifies approximately 70 Hispanic specific origin subgroups (see list). The table presented below shows the U.S. Census 2010 Hispanic population for a summary of these specific origin subgroups organized into 28 more aggregated groups. The Census 2010 population by county for these same 28 subgroups is presented in an interactive table below in this section.

See related section:
  • Hispanic Population by Specific Origin by ZIP Code

Hispanic Population by Specific Origin by County: Census 2010
Scroll section ... 63% of the Census 2010 Hispanic population is Mexican.
Population Group PopulationPercent
Total Population 308,745,538 
Not Hispanic or Latino258,267,944 
Hispanic or Latino (200-299)50,477,594100.00
    Mexican (210-220)31,798,25862.99
    Puerto Rican (260-269)4,623,7169.16
    Cuban (270-274)1,785,5473.54
    Dominican (275-279)1,414,7032.80
    Central American (excluding Mexican) (221-230):3,998,2807.92
        Costa Rican (221)126,4180.25
        Guatemalan (222)1,044,2092.07
        Honduran (223)633,4011.25
        Nicaraguan (224)348,2020.69
        Panamanian (225)165,4560.33
        Salvadoran (226)1,648,9683.27
        Other Central American (227-230)31,6260.06
    South American (231-249):2,769,4345.49
        Argentinean (231)224,9520.45
        Bolivian (232)99,2100.20
        Chilean (233)126,8100.25
        Colombian (234)908,7341.80
        Ecuadorian (235)564,6311.12
        Paraguayan (236)20,0230.04
        Peruvian (237)531,3581.05
        Uruguayan (238)56,8840.11
        Venezuelan (239)215,0230.43
        Other South American (240-249)21,8090.04
    Other Hispanic (200-209, 250-259, 280-299):4,087,6568.10
        Spaniard (200-209)635,2531.26
        Spanish (282)455,1570.90
        Spanish American (286)35,3460.07
        All other Hispanic (250-259, 280-281, 283-285, 287-299)2,961,9005.87

Source: Census 2010 Summary File 1; see code details below

Visual Pattern Analysis with GIS Tools -- scroll section
Thematic pattern views below show selected Hispanic specific origin groups. Patterns are shown in the legend at left of map. The color/interval shows the percent of the total of the Hispanic specific origin in each county. Counties with fewer than 1,000 population in the Hispanic specific origin group are not shown (fifth interval).

Maps developed with CVGIS software and related GIS project/datasets. Click graphic for lager view. Install CVGIS and GIS project for flexible analysis; add your own data. Create difference views.

Mexican

Cuban

Puerto Rican


Hispanic Population by Specific Origin by County -- interactive table
  Click column header to sort; click again to sort other direction. See related interactive tables

Table Notes and Usage

Table Columns - scroll section
- County Name
- State postal abbreviation
- State FIPS code
- County FIPS code
- CBSA code
- Metro division code
- Total Population
- Not Hispanic or Latino
- Hispanic or Latino
- Percent Hispanic
- Mexican (210-220)
- Puerto Rican (260-269)
- Cuban (270-274)
- Dominican (275-279)
- Central American (excluding Mexican) (221-230):
- Costa Rican (221)
- Guatemalan (222)
- Honduran (223)
- Nicaraguan (224)
- Panamanian (225)
- Salvadoran (226)
- Other Central American (227-230)
- South American (231-249):
- Argentinean (231)
- Bolivian (232)
- Chilean (233)
- Colombian (234)
- Ecuadorian (235)
- Paraguayan (236)
- Peruvian (237)
- Uruguayan (238)
- Venezuelan (239)
- Other South American (240-249)
- Other Hispanic (200-209, 250-259, 280-299):
- Spaniard (200-209)
- Spanish (282)
- Spanish American (286)
- All other Hispanic

Table Operations
  • Click ShowAll button between specific queries.
  • Click on a column header to sort ascending/descending on that column.
  • Use State dropdown box below table to select/filter on a state.
  • Use Find in Name to find an area based on partial case-sensitive name.
      - Click ShowAll button first.
      - Key in any part of name and click Find in Name button.
      - Search will filter for any name with that exact, case sensitive, spelling.
      - San Diego is used as an example.

Hispanic by Specific Origin Categories and Codes
HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN
200-209 SPANIARD
  200 Spaniard
  201 Andalusian
  202 Asturian
  203 Castillian
  204 Catalonian
  205 Balearic Islander
  206 Gallego
  207 Valencian
  208 Canarian
  209 Spanish Basque
210-220 MEXICAN
  210 Mexican (Checkbox)
  211 Mexican
  212 Mexican American
  213 Mexicano
  214 Chicano
  215 La Raza
  216 Mexican American Indian
  218 Mexico
  219 Mexican Indian
221-230 CENTRAL AMERICAN
  221 Costa Rican
  222 Guatemalan
  223 Honduran
  224 Nicaraguan
  225 Panamanian
  226 Salvadoran
  227 Central American
  228 Central American Indian
  229 Canal Zone
231-249 SOUTH AMERICAN
  231 Argentinean
  232 Bolivian
  233 Chilean
  234 Colombian
  235 Ecuadorian
  236 Paraguayan
  237 Peruvian
  238 Uruguayan
  239 Venezuelan
  240 South American Indian
  241 Criollo
  242 South American
250-259 LATIN AMERICAN
  250 Latin American
  251 Latin
  252 Latino
260-269 PUERTO RICAN
  260 Puerto Rican (Checkbox)
  261 Puerto Rican
270-274 CUBAN
  270 Cuban (Checkbox)
  271 Cuban
275-279 DOMINICAN
  275 Dominican
280-299 OTHER HISPANIC/SPANISH
  280 Other Hispanic/Spanish (Checkbox)
  281 Hispanic
  282 Spanish
  283 Californio
  284 Tejano
  285 Nuevo Mexicano
  286 Spanish American
  287 Spanish American Indian
  288 Meso American Indian
  289 Mestizo
  290 Caribbean
  299 Other Hispanic/Spanish, not elsewhere classified


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