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Hispanic Population by Specific Origin by ZIP Code Area

The Hispanic or Latino population group is comprised of many specific origin subgroups. The specific origin subgroups are often associated with different regions of the world. Many specific origin subgroups tend to cluster by location within the U.S. both as a result of the geography of emigration (e.g., Mexico to Texas) and association with where same subgroup emigrants have settled (e.g., Cuba to New York). This section provides insights into how the Hispanic specific origin subgroups are distributed across the U.S. by ZIP Code Area. Tools are provided to analyze geographic and subgroup patterns of interest.

Census 2010 identifies approximately 70 Hispanic specific origin subgroups (see list). The table presented below shows the U.S. Census 2010 Hispanic population for a summary of these specific origin subgroups organized into 28 more aggregated groups. The Census 2010 population by ZIP Code for these same 28 subgroups is presented in an interactive table below in this section.

Related sections
  • Hispanic Population by Specific Origin by County
  • Foreign Born Population by Country of Origin by Census Tract
    .. many Hispanic dominant countries; 162 countries/country combinations
  • ZIP Code Demographic Economic Characteristics

Hispanic Population by Specific Origin: Census 2010
Scroll section ... 63% of the Census 2010 Hispanic population is Mexican.
Population Group PopulationPercent
Total Population 308,745,538 
Not Hispanic or Latino258,267,944 
Hispanic or Latino (200-299)50,477,594100.00
    Mexican (210-220)31,798,25862.99
    Puerto Rican (260-269)4,623,7169.16
    Cuban (270-274)1,785,5473.54
    Dominican (275-279)1,414,7032.80
    Central American (excluding Mexican) (221-230):3,998,2807.92
        Costa Rican (221)126,4180.25
        Guatemalan (222)1,044,2092.07
        Honduran (223)633,4011.25
        Nicaraguan (224)348,2020.69
        Panamanian (225)165,4560.33
        Salvadoran (226)1,648,9683.27
        Other Central American (227-230)31,6260.06
    South American (231-249):2,769,4345.49
        Argentinean (231)224,9520.45
        Bolivian (232)99,2100.20
        Chilean (233)126,8100.25
        Colombian (234)908,7341.80
        Ecuadorian (235)564,6311.12
        Paraguayan (236)20,0230.04
        Peruvian (237)531,3581.05
        Uruguayan (238)56,8840.11
        Venezuelan (239)215,0230.43
        Other South American (240-249)21,8090.04
    Other Hispanic (200-209, 250-259, 280-299):4,087,6568.10
        Spaniard (200-209)635,2531.26
        Spanish (282)455,1570.90
        Spanish American (286)35,3460.07
        All other Hispanic (250-259, 280-281, 283-285, 287-299)2,961,9005.87

Source: Census 2010 Summary File 1; see code details below

Visual Pattern Analysis with GIS Tools
The following graphic shows the Mexican population as a percent of total Hispanic population by ZIP Code area in the Houston, Texas/Harris County (bold black boundary) area. See color/interval patterns in legend at left of map. ZIP codes are labeled with Hispanic population as a percent of total population.

Click for larger view; larger view shows mini-profile of ZIP Code 77077.
View created using CV XE GIS.

Hispanic Population by Specific Origin by ZIP Code Area -- interactive table
  Click column header to sort; click again to sort other direction. See related Ranking Tables Main Page

Table Notes and Usage
  • Click ShowAll button between specific queries.
  • Click on a column header to sort ascending/descending on that column.
  • Use State dropdown box below table to select/filter on a state.
  • Use Find ZIP Code to find a ZIP Code.
      - Click ShowAll button first.
      - Key in 5-digit ZIP Code and click Find ZIP Code button.
      - Search will filter for any name with that exact, case sensitive, spelling.
      - ZIP Code 77007 is used as an example (also used for data display shown below and in map view).

Hispanic by Specific Origin for ZIP Code 77077
The table below shows subject matter items presented in the interactive table for ZIP Code area 77077 transposed with table/item number and subject matter item description.
Table/Item#Population Item DescriptionPopulation
PCT011001 Total Population30,853
PCT011002 Not Hispanic or Latino21,569
PCT011003 Hispanic or Latino9,284
-- Percent Hispanic30.1
PCT011004 Mexican (210-220)7,106
PCT011005 Puerto Rican (260-269)160
PCT011006 Cuban (270-274)128
PCT011007 Dominican (275-279)20
PCT011008 Central American (excluding Mexican) (221-230):612
PCT011009     Costa Rican (221)15
PCT011010     Guatemalan (222)138
PCT011011     Honduran (223)236
PCT011012     Nicaraguan (224)34
PCT011013     Panamanian (225)18
PCT011014     Salvadoran (226)163
PCT011015     Other Central American (227-230)8
PCT011016 South American (231-249):676
PCT011017     Argentinean (231)61
PCT011018     Bolivian (232)24
PCT011019     Chilean (233)20
PCT011020     Colombian (234)258
PCT011021     Ecuadorian (235)30
PCT011022     Paraguayan (236)2
PCT011023     Peruvian (237)65
PCT011024     Uruguayan (238)6
PCT011025     Venezuelan (239)207
PCT011026     Other South American (240-249)3
PCT011027 Other Hispanic (200-209, 250-259, 280-299):582
PCT011028     Spaniard (200-209)131
PCT011029     Spanish (282)55
PCT011030     Spanish American (286)7
PCT011031     All other Hispanic 389

Hispanic by Specific Origin Categories and Codes
200-209 SPANIARD
  200 Spaniard
  201 Andalusian
  202 Asturian
  203 Castillian
  204 Catalonian
  205 Balearic Islander
  206 Gallego
  207 Valencian
  208 Canarian
  209 Spanish Basque
210-220 MEXICAN
  210 Mexican (Checkbox)
  211 Mexican
  212 Mexican American
  213 Mexicano
  214 Chicano
  215 La Raza
  216 Mexican American Indian
  218 Mexico
  219 Mexican Indian
  221 Costa Rican
  222 Guatemalan
  223 Honduran
  224 Nicaraguan
  225 Panamanian
  226 Salvadoran
  227 Central American
  228 Central American Indian
  229 Canal Zone
  231 Argentinean
  232 Bolivian
  233 Chilean
  234 Colombian
  235 Ecuadorian
  236 Paraguayan
  237 Peruvian
  238 Uruguayan
  239 Venezuelan
  240 South American Indian
  241 Criollo
  242 South American
  250 Latin American
  251 Latin
  252 Latino
  260 Puerto Rican (Checkbox)
  261 Puerto Rican
270-274 CUBAN
  270 Cuban (Checkbox)
  271 Cuban
  275 Dominican
  280 Other Hispanic/Spanish (Checkbox)
  281 Hispanic
  282 Spanish
  283 Californio
  284 Tejano
  285 Nuevo Mexicano
  286 Spanish American
  287 Spanish American Indian
  288 Meso American Indian
  289 Mestizo
  290 Caribbean
  299 Other Hispanic/Spanish, not elsewhere classified

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