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School District Revenue & Expenditure Patterns, FY 2017

The amount spent per student for public elementary-secondary education for all 50 states and D.C. increased by 3.2 percent to $11,762 during the 2016 fiscal year, based on new data from the Census Bureau released May 21, 2018. The increase in spending in 2016 was due in part to the increase in revenue across all 50 states and D.C. In 2016, public elementary-secondary education revenue, from all sources, amounted to $670.9 billion, up 4.6 percent from the prior year. This is the largest increase since 2007.

This section provides access to tools and data to to examine K-12 school district finances -- sources and uses of funds for FY 2016. The Census Bureau collects these data annually to meet to needs of the National Center for Education Statistics. ProximityOne restructures and integrates these data with other data for GIS/geospatial analysis using the CV XE GIS tools and School District GeoDemographic Information System (SDGIS).

  • Use interactive table below in this section to examine school system finances
  • Create/view profile for a district(s) of interest.

  • Annual school district finances sections:
    .. FY 2014 .. FY 2015 .. FY 2016 (this section)
  • See related 2015-16 district enrollment & infrastructure characteristics

Current Spending per Student by School District, FY 2016
The following graphic shows patterns of current spending per student by school district, FY 2016, for Texas and adjacent areas. The four largest Texas metros are shown with the bold brown boundary; counties with gray boundaries. Color/fill patterns and corresponding values are shown in the inset legend. Click graphic for larger view showing a partial mini-profile for Houston ISD (at pointer in map).

- view developed using the CV XE GIS analytical tools.
- use these tools on your computer to examine these data & related geography/subject matter.

Interactive Table
Use the interactive table below to examine characteristics of individual school districts in context of U.S. overall, states or metros. Select by state or metro and rank based on any of several selected revenue by source and per student expenditure by category.

School District Revenue & Expenditure Patterns; FY 2017 -- Interactive Table .. go top
  Use mouse-over on header column to view extended item/column name.
  Click ShowAll button between Find/Queries. See usage notes below table.
  Related ranking tables: interactive tables.


Usage Notes
  • Click ShowAll button between queries
  • Click on a column header to sort on that column; click column header again to sort in other direction.

  • Click ShowAll button to show all tabulation areas and restore full set of data view.
  • Click State to select on geographies in a selected state.
  • Find in Name: Key in text/area name (partial okay) in text box to right of Find-in-Name button.
    .. then click Find-in-Name button to locate all matches in District column (case sensitive).
  • Find CBSA: Key in 5-character CBSA code in text box to right of Find CBSA.
    .. then click Find CBSA button to locate all matches in based on CBSA column.
    .. CBSA: Core-Based Statistical Area (metro).
  • RevCols1: Click this button to view only revenue columns.
  • %RevCols: Click this button to view only revenue columns; revenues expressed as %.
  • PerStd: Click this button to view only per student columns.
  • Enrl Min-Max: Key in minimum enrollment in left text box, maximum enrollment in right text box.
    .. then click Enrl Min-Max button; table refreshes showing only districts within specified range.
    .. example: note that 500000 min and 1000000 max values show only two districts.
  • Click ShowAll button between queries

View Districts in a Selected Metro
To view all school districts in the Dallas, TX MSA (for example) proceed as follows:
View list of metro/CBSA names and codes
  • Click ShowAll button.
  • Key in the text Dallas in the Find in Name text box and click the Find in Name button.
  • Visually locate the Dallas ISD row and see that the CBSA code is 19100.
  • Key in the text 19100 in the Find in CBSA text box.
  • Click ShowAll button.
  • Click the Find in CBSA button.
  • All districts in the Dallas MSA now appear; rank on any column.

Column Headers & Item Descriptions - scroll section
1 NAME District Name
2 STAB State USPS Abbreviation
3 City City name
4 ZIP ZIP code for admin office
5 Locale code urban/rural locale code
6 High grade..
7 Low Grade..
8 StCtyState FIPS Code + County FIPS Code
9 CSA Combined Statistical Area Code
10 CBSACore-Based Statistical Area Code
11 FedID Federal School District Code
12 StFIPS State FIPS Code
13 District District Code
14 Enrollment Enrollment
15 TotalRevTOTAL ELEMENTARY-SECONDARY REVENUE
16 TFedRevTotal Revenue from Federal Sources
17 FedRComp   Compensatory (Title I)
18 FedRSpec   Children with disabilities
19 FedRNutr   Child Nutrition Act
20 FedROth   All other federal aid
21 TSTRevTotal Revenue from State Sources
22 STRFORM   General formula assistance
23 STRSPEC   Special education programs
24 STRTRANS   Transportation programs
25 STROTHR   All other state revenue
26 TLOCREVTotal Revenue from Local Sources
27 LOCRTAX   All taxes
28 LOCRPROP   Property taxes
29 LOCRPAR   Parent government contributions
30 LOCRCICO   Revenue from cities and counties
31 LOCROSCH   Revenue from other school systems
32 LOCRCHAR   Charges
33 LOCROTHR   Other local revenues
34 TOTALEXP TOTAL ELEMENTARY-SECONDARY EXPENDITURE
35 TCURSPND Total Current Spending
36 TSALWAGE   Total salaries and wages
37 TEMPBENE   Total employee benefit payments
38 TCURINST Total Current Spending for Instruction
39 TCURISAL   Salaries and wages for instruction
40 TCURIBEN   Employee benefits for instruction
41 TCURSSVC Total Current Spending for Support Services
42 TCURSPUP   Pupil support
43 TCURSSTA   Instructional staff support
44 TCURSGEN   General administration
45 TCURSSCH   School administration
46 TCURSOTH   Other and nonspecified
47 TCURONON Other Current Spending
48 TCAPOUT Total Capital Outlay Expenditure
49 TPAYOTH Payments to Other Governments
50 TINTRST Interest on School System Indebtedness
51 DEBTOUT Long-term debt outstanding at end of the fiscal year
52 LONGISSU Long-term debt issued during the fiscal year
53 LONGRET Long-term debt retired during the fiscal year
54 %Total PERCENT - TOTAL ELEMENTARY-SECONDARY REVENUE
55 %FTot   Percent - Total Revenue from Federal Sources
56 %FComp   Percent - Compensatory (Title I)
57 %STot   Percent - Total Revenue from State Sources
58 %SForm   Percent - General formula assistance
59 %LTot   Percent - Total Revenue from Local Sources
60 %LTaxP   Percent - Taxes & parent government contributions
61 %LothG   Percent - Revenue from other local governments
62 %LChar   Percent - Charges
63 PPCSTOT PER PUPIL - TOTAL CURRENT SPENDING (ELEMENTARY-SECONDARY)
64 PPSALWG   Per Pupil - Total salaries and wages
65 PPEMPBEN   Per Pupil - Total employee benefit payments
66 PPITOTAL   Per Pupil - Total Current Spending for Instruction
67 PPISALWG   Per Pupil - Salaries and wages
68 PPIEMBEN   Per Pupil - Employee benefits
69 PPSTOTAL   Per Pupil - Total Current Spending for Support Services
70 PPSPUPIL   Per Pupil - Pupil support
71 PPSSTAFF   Per Pupil - Instructional staff support
72 PPSGENAD   Per Pupil - General administration
73 PPSSCHAD   Per Pupil - School administration

View/Analyze Data for Selected District(s) (step-by-step Windows instructions)
Click a district of interest in the table (see usage notes below table).
.. the row turns blue
.. right click the row and select "Copy"
Open the SDFA XLS shell
.. click the above link; the table shell opens in the default XLS file handler
.. paste into cell C1 (where text says "1 paste here then copy"
.. copy the pasted group of cells (right-click C1 and select Copy)
.. paste special transpose into cell C2 (where it says "2 copy above selected and 'paste special transpose' here" )
  ... right-click C2, select Paste Special, then choose Transpose, then OK
Done.

Illustrative comparative analysis profile for two districts
.. graphic shows partial view .. open full xls profile


Scope of Data
Data are based on an annual survey of public elementary and secondary education systems, mostly school districts, conducted by the Census Bureau under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Education. The survey covers all U.S. school districts.

Fiscal Year. With the exception of school systems in Alabama, Nebraska, Texas, Washington, and the District of Columbia, the 2014 fiscal year for school systems in all states began on July 1, 2014, and ended on June 30, 2015. AL: Oct 1 - Sept 30; NE, TX, WA: Sept 1 - August 31; DC: Oct 1 - Sept 30.

Enrollment. Enrollment data are based on data reported by school districts and state education agencies for the 2014-15 school year. Total enrollment for school districts in the ranking table is 48.2 million students.

Total revenue data are shown in the ranking table in thousands of dollars. Financial data are shown on cash basis. In many cases financial data will differ from financial data reported by school districts due to wide-ranging different accounting procedures used district to district. Data shown in the ranking table use standardized accounting categories across all districts except as noted in supplemental notes (not shown in this section).

  • List of items used in comparative analysis profile
  • List of extended database items
  • Terms and Glossary

Limitations of Data
These data are reported by school districts. They are not estimates subject to estimation error. However, financial data reporting and categorization differs from state to state. As a result, some data cells show as zero while in fact the data for that cell is included in another category, such as "Other."

Support Using these Resources
Learn more about accessing and using demographic-economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.

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Join the ProximityOne User Group to keep up-to-date with new developments relating to metros and component geography decision-making information resources. Receive updates and access to tools and resources available only to members. Use this form to join the User Group.

Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at www.twitter.com/proximityone. Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.

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