School District Revenue & Expenditure Patterns, FY 2016
The amount spent per student for public elementary-secondary education for all 50 states and D.C. increased by 3.2 percent to $11,762 during the 2016 fiscal year, based on new data from the Census Bureau released May 21, 2018. The increase in spending in 2016 was due in part to the increase in revenue across all 50 states and D.C. In 2016, public elementary-secondary education revenue, from all sources, amounted to $670.9 billion, up 4.6 percent from the prior year. This is the largest increase since 2007.
This section provides access to tools and data to to examine K-12 school district finances -- sources and uses of funds for FY 2016. The Census Bureau collects these data annually to meet to needs of the National Center for Education Statistics. ProximityOne restructures and integrates these data with other data for GIS/geospatial analysis using the CV XE GIS tools and School District GeoDemographic Information System (SDGIS).
Use interactive table below in this section to examine school system finances
Create/view profile for a district(s) of interest.
Annual school district finances sections:
.. FY 2014 .. FY 2015 .. FY 2016 (this section)
See related 2015-16 district enrollment & infrastructure characteristics
Current Spending per Student by School District, FY 2016
The following graphic shows patterns of current spending per student by school district, FY 2016, for Texas and adjacent areas. The four largest Texas metros are shown with the bold brown boundary; counties with gray boundaries. Color/fill patterns and corresponding values are shown in the inset legend. Click graphic for larger view showing a partial mini-profile for Houston ISD (at pointer in map).
- view developed using the CV XE GIS analytical tools.
- use these tools on your computer to examine these data & related geography/subject matter.
Use the interactive table below to examine characteristics of individual school districts in context of U.S. overall, states or metros. Select by state or metro and rank based on any of several selected revenue by source and per student expenditure by category.
School District Revenue & Expenditure Patterns; FY 2016 -- Interactive Table .. go top
Use mouse-over on header column to view extended item/column name.
Click ShowAll button between Find/Queries. See usage notes below table.
Related ranking tables: interactive tables.
Click ShowAll button between queries
Click on a column header to sort on that column; click column header again to sort in other direction.
Click ShowAll button to show all tabulation areas and restore full set of data view.
Click State to select on geographies in a selected state.
Find in Name: Key in text/area name (partial okay) in text box to right of Find-in-Name button.
.. then click Find-in-Name button to locate all matches in District column (case sensitive).
Find CBSA: Key in 5-character CBSA code in text box to right of Find CBSA.
.. then click Find CBSA button to locate all matches in based on CBSA column.
.. CBSA: Core-Based Statistical Area (metro).
RevCols1: Click this button to view only revenue columns.
%RevCols: Click this button to view only revenue columns; revenues expressed as %.
PerStd: Click this button to view only per student columns.
Enrl Min-Max: Key in minimum enrollment in left text box, maximum enrollment in right text box.
.. then click Enrl Min-Max button; table refreshes showing only districts within specified range.
.. example: note that 500000 min and 1000000 max values show only two districts.
Click ShowAll button between queries
View Districts in a Selected Metro
To view all school districts in the Dallas, TX MSA (for example) proceed as follows:
View list of metro/CBSA names and codes
Click ShowAll button.
Key in the text Dallas in the Find in Name text box and click the Find in Name button.
Visually locate the Dallas ISD row and see that the CBSA code is 19100.
Key in the text 19100 in the Find in CBSA text box.
Click ShowAll button.
Click the Find in CBSA button.
All districts in the Dallas MSA now appear; rank on any column.
Column Headers & Item Descriptions - scroll section
View/Analyze Data for Selected District(s) (step-by-step Windows instructions)
Click a district of interest in the table (see usage notes below table).
.. the row turns blue
.. right click the row and select "Copy"
Open the SDFA XLS shell
.. click the above link; the table shell opens in the default XLS file handler
.. paste into cell C1 (where text says "1 paste here then copy"
.. copy the pasted group of cells (right-click C1 and select Copy)
.. paste special transpose into cell C2 (where it says "2 copy above selected and 'paste special transpose' here" )
... right-click C2, select Paste Special, then choose Transpose, then OK
Illustrative comparative analysis profile for two districts
.. graphic shows partial view .. open full xls profile
Scope of Data
Data are based on an annual survey of public elementary and secondary education systems, mostly school districts, conducted by the Census Bureau under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Education. The survey covers all U.S. school districts.
Fiscal Year. With the exception of school systems in Alabama, Nebraska, Texas, Washington, and the District of Columbia, the 2014 fiscal year for school systems in all states began on July 1, 2014, and ended on June 30, 2015. AL: Oct 1 - Sept 30; NE, TX, WA: Sept 1 - August 31; DC: Oct 1 - Sept 30.
Enrollment. Enrollment data are based on data reported by school districts and state education agencies for the 2014-15 school year. Total enrollment for school districts in the ranking table is 48.2 million students.
Total revenue data are shown in the ranking table in thousands of dollars. Financial data are shown on cash basis. In many cases financial data will differ from financial data reported by school districts due to wide-ranging different accounting procedures used district to district. Data shown in the ranking table use standardized accounting categories across all districts except as noted in supplemental notes (not shown in this section).
List of items used in comparative analysis profile
List of extended database items
Terms and Glossary
Limitations of Data
These data are reported by school districts. They are not estimates subject to estimation error. However, financial data reporting and categorization differs from state to state. As a result, some data cells show as zero while in fact the data for that cell is included in another category, such as "Other."
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