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State Population & Components of Change: 2010-2018
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January 2019 .. examining how state demographics are changing 2010-2018 ... using the new 2018 population and components of changes estimates. The U.S. population changed from 308,758,105 (2010) to 327,167,434 (2018), a change of 17,841,349 (5.8%). See details for the U.S. and each state in the interactive table below. Release of these Census-sourced, model-based estimates starts the annual program of 2018 estimates down to the city/place level in mid-2018. See details.

This section provides access to tools to view and analyze annual population estimates, 2010 to 2018, rankings and components of change for the U.S., regions and states. Use the interactive table below in this section to view, rank, compare these data. Use the GIS tools and ready-to use project described below in this section to create maps for states and regions of interest. Create thematic maps for any of the fields/measures shown in the interactive table. Change color patterns and labels. Integrate your own data.

Patterns of Population Change by State, 2010-2018
The following graphic shows patterns of percent population change from 2010 to 2018. Use the associated GIS project to examine different years or subject matter items. Click graphic for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view.

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
.. larger view illustrates partial mini-profile/table for Texas demographic items.
.. create other views, geospatial analysis, integrate other data using the State 2010-18 Trends GIS project

State Population & Components of Change 2010-2018 interactive table
  Click column header to sort; again to sort other direction.
  Click ShowAll button between queries to refresh. Usage notes below table.
  See related Interactive Tables Main Page

Usage Notes
  • Click ShowAll between queries/filters.
  • PopCols button
    .. click button to view Population 2010-18 columns.

Items in Table
  • Population Estimates 2018 Spreadseet (xls)

How State & Regional Population is Changing .. go top
Use the interactive table above to view the following narrative describing how the population has changed between 2010 and 2018.

The U.S. population grew by 0.6 percent and Nevada and Idaho were the fastest-growing states between July 1, 2017, and July 1, 2018. Both states' populations increased by about 2.1 percent in the last year. Following Nevada and Idaho for the largest percentage increases in population were Utah (1.9%), Arizona (1.7%), and Florida and Washington (1.5% each).

Washington, D.C., reached population of 702,455 in July 2018, surpassing 700,000 for the first time since 1975. The change is due primarily to an influx of people from other parts of the country that began early in the decade. While the increase has begun to slow, DC still grew by almost 1% last year.

Population Change for States (and Puerto Rico) - From April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2018 .. Population declined in nine states and Puerto Rico. See interactive table above.

Nationally, natural increase (the excess of births over deaths) was 1.04 million last year, reflecting 3,855,500 births and 2,814,013 deaths. With fewer births in recent years and the number of deaths increasing, natural increase has declined steadily over the past decade. In 2008, natural increase was nearly 1.8 million.

Estimates are as of July 1, 2018, and do not reflect the effects of Hurricane Florence in September 2018, Hurricane Michael in October 2018, and the California Wildfires.

Puerto Rico .. new estimates show that Puerto Rico' s population has continued to decline, with an estimated loss of 129,848 people (3.9%) between July 1, 2017 and July 1, 2018. Puerto Rico has seen a steady decline in population over the last decade. Hurricane Maria in September 2017 further impacted that loss. Puerto Rico had a total population of 3,195,153 in 2018, a decrease from 3,726,157 in 2010. The decrease in Puerto Rico's population is primarily due to higher rates of out-migration over in-migration and natural increase.

U.S. Regions & Divisions -- a reference guide .. go top

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Region 1 - Northeast
  Division 1: New England
  Division 2: Mid-Atlantic
Region 2 - Midwest
  Division 3: East North Central
  Division 4: West North Central
Region 3 - South
  Division 5: South Atlantic
  Division 6: East South Central
  Division 7: West South Central
Region 4 - West
  Division 8: Mountain
  Division 9: Pacific

Natural Change
Natural change is the difference between births and deaths for an area. Often natural change is positive which means that there are more births that deaths for a year or period. This positive natural change is referred to as natural increase. Examples of natural increase exist across the U.S.

The opposite of natural increase, natural decrease, occurs where there are more deaths than births resulting in population decrease. Areas with aging populations often have natural decrease.

Migration is the movement of people from one area to another. It is often expressed as net migration, which is the difference between how many people move into and out of an area. When net migration is positive, a population has more people moving in than out. Migration is split into domestic migration and international migration.

Domestic migration refers to people moving between areas within the U.S., and is often one of the largest contributors to population change.

International migration refers to people moving into and out of the U.S., and consists of a diverse group of people such as foreign-born immigrants from many countries around the world, members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and U.S. citizens working abroad.

Adding the net domestic and net international migration yields the net migration.

Components of Change
Analyzing the components of change is an enlightening way to understand how the U.S. population is shifting over time. Looking at areas across the country, we can identify groups of areas that grow (or decline) mainly due to migration and others that grow due to natural increase.

About the Data and Reports .. go top
Data included in the interactive table and reports are part of a continuing set of demographic-economic estimates and projections released and updated on a flow basis. See a partial 2019 schedule below. See more about state demographic-economic trends.

Schedule of Related 2019 Updates .. go top
Subject MatterData Reference DateRelease Date
Census Bureau Annual Updates  
  National, State population & components of change /17/1/2018 12/2018
  Metro, County population & components of change
    2018 section & tables:
    • Metro Trends 2010-2017 interactive table
    • County Trends 2010-2017 interactive table
  City and town (incorporated place and minor civil division) population
    2018 section & tables:
    • Place Trends 2010-2017 interactive table
  National, State, and County housing units7/1/20185/2019
  National population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin7/1/20186/2019
  State population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin7/1/20186/2019
  County population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin7/1/20186/2019
ProximityOne Current Estimates & Projections  
  Census Tract, County, Metro, State, U.S. Demographic-EconomicAnnual 2010-20246/2019
  County, Metro, State, U.S. Population Single Year of AgeAnnual 2010-20606/2019
  /1 .. data used in this section

U.S. by State 2018 Population GIS Project/Datasets .. go top
1. Install the ProximityOne CV XE GIS
... omit this step if CV XE GIS software already installed.
... run the CVGIS installer
... take all defaults during installation
2. Download the U.S. by State 2018 GIS project fileset
... requires ProximityOne User Group ID (join now)
... make a new folder c:\states2018.
... unzip U.S. by State 2018 GIS project files to local folder c:\state2018
3. Open the c:\states2018\ project
... after completing the above steps, click File>Open>Dialog
... open the file named c:\states2018\states2018a.gis
4. Done. The start-up view is similar to the graphic shown at the top of this section.

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Support Using these Resources
Learn more about accessing and using demographic-economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Data Analytics Lab session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.

Additional Information
ProximityOne develops geodemographic-economic data and analytical tools and helps organizations knit together and use diverse data in a decision-making and analytical framework. We develop custom demographic/economic estimates and projections, develop geographic and geocoded address files, and assist with impact and geospatial analyses. Wide-ranging organizations use our tools (software, data, methodologies) to analyze their own data integrated with other data. Follow ProximityOne on Twitter at Contact us (888-364-7656) with questions about data covered in this section or to discuss custom estimates, projections or analyses for your areas of interest.

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